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THE COLLECTED WORKS OF 

ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

THE ABRAHAM LINCOLN ASSOCIATION 
SPRINGFIELD, ILLINOIS 

VII 

ROY P. BASLER, EDITOR 

MARION DOLORES PRATT AND LLOYD A. DUNLAP 
ASSISTANT EDITORS 




RUTGERS UNIVERSITY > P.KE3.8 - 
NEW BRUNSWICK, NEVV. : J-ERSEY 
1953 'V/-' 



COPYRIGHT, 1953? BY 
THE ABRAHAM LINCOLN ASSOCIATION 



'* t = ; * '- 

~:&tAFUFACTURED;ifr'.THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 
BY H. WOLFF BOOK MANJJ'FACTURING COMPANY, INC., NEW YOKK 



SOURCES 
AND LOCATION SYMBOLS 



ST 



r 



DESCRIPTION OF SOURCES 

THE following symbols provide a description of sources as cited at 
the beginning of the first footnote to each item. In addition to the 
customary symbols for describing manuscripts, the editors have 
employed symbols or single words to identify other sources which 
have been cited repeatedly in the first footnote. 

AD Autograph Document 

ADS Autograph Document Signed 

ADf Autograph Draft 

ADf S Autograph Draft Signed 

AE Autograph Endorsement 

AES Autograph Endorsement Signed 

AL Autograph Letter 

ALS Autograph Letter Signed 

ALS copy Autograph Letter Signed, copied by Lincoln and pre- 
served in his papers 

Copy Copy not by Lincoln 

D Document 

DS Document Signed 

Df Draft 

DfS Draft Signed 

KS Endorsement Signed 

F Facsimile following any of the preceding symbols 

LS Letter Signed 

P Photostat following any of the preceding symbols 

Anglo New Letters and Papers of Lincoln. Compiled by Paul 

M. Angle. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin 

Company, 1930. 
Horndon Hcrndon's Lincoln: The True Story of a Great Life. By 

William H. Herndon and Jesse W. Weik. 3 volumes. 

Chicago, New York, and San Francisco: Belford, Clarke 

& Company, [1889]. 
Ilortz Abraham Lincoln: A New Portrait. By Emanuel Hertz. 

2 volumes. New York: Horace Liveright, Inc., 193 1 - 
Lapsley The Writings of Abraham Lincoln. Edited by Arthur 

Brooks Lapsley. 8 volumes. New York: P. F. Collier and 

Son, 1905. 

[v] 4.45075 



NH 



OR 



Tarbell 

Tracy 

Wilson 



CCamStJ 
CLCM 

CSmH 

CoHi 

CoU 

Ct 

CtHi 

CtLHi 

CtSoP 

CtWat 

CtY 

DLC 

DLC-HW 

DLC-RTL 

DLM 
DNA 



DNM 



S OTJ ROES 

Complete Works of Abraham Lincoln. Edited by John 

G. Nicolay and John Hay. 12 volumes. New York: 

Francis D. Tandy Company, 1905. 

The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official 

Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. 4 series; 

70 "volumes"; 128 books. Washington: Government 

Printing Office, 1880-1901. Roman numerals are xised 

for Series,. Volume, and Part (if any) ; pages are in 

arabic. 

The Life of Abraham Lincoln. . . . By Ida M. Tarbell. 

a volumes. New York: The Doubleday & McClure 

Company, 1900. 

Uncollected Letters of Abraham Lincoln. Edited by 

Gilbert A. Tracy. Boston and New York: Houghton 

Mifflin Company, 1917- 

Uncollected Works of Abraham Lincoln. Edited by Ru- 

fus Rockwell Wilson. 2 volumes. Elmira, New York: 

Primavera Press, 1947-1948. 

LOCATION SYMBOLS 

St. John's Seminary Library, Camarillo, Calif. 
Los Angeles County Museum Library, Los Angeles, 
Calif. 

Henry E. Huntington Library, San Marino, Calif. 
State Historical Society of Colorado, Denver, Colo. 
University of Colorado Library, Boulder, Colo. 
Connecticut State Library, Hartford, Conn. 
Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford, Conn. 
Litchfield Historical Society, Litchfield, Conn. 
Pequot Library, Southport, Conn. 
Watertown Library Association, Watertown, Conn. 
Yale University Library, New Haven, Conn. 
Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 
Herndon-Weik Collection, Library of Congress 
The Robert Todd Lincoln Collection of the Papers of 
Abraham Lincoln, Library of Congress 
Lincoln Museum, Ford's Theatre, National Park Serv- 
ice, Washington, D. C. 

National Archives, Washington, D. C. All additional 
abbreviations and numbers given with this symbol are 
those employed by the National Archives at the time 
the manuscript was located. 
National Museum Library, Washington, D. C. 

[vi] 



SOURCES 

DeHi Historical Society of Delaware Library, Wilmington, 

Del. 

DeWI Wilmington Institute Free Library, Wilmington, Del. 

I-Ar Archives Division, Illinois State Library, Springfield. 

111. 

IBloHi McLean County Historical Society, Bloominglon, 111. 

ICHi Chicago Historical Society, Chicago, 111. 

ICU University of Chicago Library, Chicago, 111. 

IDecJ James Millikin University Library, Decatur, 111. 

IFre Freeport Public Library, Freeport, 111. 

IHi Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield, 111. 

LTI Illinois College Library, Jacksonville, 111. 

ISLA The Abraham Lincoln Association, Springfield, 111. 

IU University of Illinois Library, Urbana, 111. 

laCrM Iowa Masonic Library, Cedar Rapids, Iowa 

laDaM Davenport Public Museum, Davenport, Iowa 

laHA Iowa State Department of History and Archives, Des 

Moines, Iowa 

In Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, Ind. 

InFtwL Lincoln National Life Foundation, Fort Wayne, Ind. 

InHi Indiana Historical Society, Indianapolis, Ind. 

InLTHi Tippecanoe County Historical Association, Lafayette, 

Ind. 

InU Indiana University Library, Bloomington, Ind. 

KyBC Berea College Library, Berea, Ky. 

KyU University of Kentucky Library, Lexington, Ky. 

LU Louisiana State University Library, Baton Rouge, La. 

MB Boston Public Library, Boston, Mass. 

MCon Free Public Library, Concord, Mass. 

MFai Millicont Library, Fairhaven, Mass. 

MH Harvard University Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

MHi Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Mass. 

MS Springfield Library Association, Springfield, Mass. 

MSHi Connecticut Valley Historical Society, Springfield, 

Mass. 

MdAA Hall of Records, State of Maryland, Annapolis, Md. 

MdHi Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, Md. 

MeHi Maine Historical Society, Portland, Me. 

MiD Detroit Public Library, Detroit, Mich. 

MiK-M Kalamazoo Public Library Museum, Kalamazoo. Mich. 

MiU-C William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan. 

Ann Arbor, Mich. 

[vii] 



SOURCES 

Michigan Historical Collection, University of Mich- 
lean, Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minn. 
Macalester College Library, St. Paul, Minn. 
State Historical Society of Missouri, Columbia. Mo. 
Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis, Mo. 
New York State Library, Albany, N. Y. 
Fred L. Emerson Foundation, Auburn, N. Y. 
Long Island Historical Society, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Grosvenor Library, Buffalo, New York 
Buffalo Historical Society, Buffalo, N, Y. 
Southworth Library, Dryden, N. Y. 
New-York Historical Society, New York City 
Cornell University Library, Ithaca, N. Y. 
New York Public Library, New York City 
Columbia University Library, New York City 
Pierpont Morgan Library, New York City 
University of Rochester Library, Rochester, N. Y. 
John Jermain Memorial Library, Sag Harbor, N. Y. 
Skaneateles Library Association, Skaneatelos, N. Y. 
TL S. Military Academy Library, West Point, N. Y. 
Omaha Public Library, Omaha, Nebr. 
Guilford College Library, Guilford, N. C. 
Phillips Exeter Academy, Exeter, N. H. 
Princeton University Library, Princeton, N. J. 
Historical and Philosophical Society of Ohio, Cincin- 
nati, Ohio 

Case Institute of Technology, Cleveland. Ohio 
Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland, Ohio 
Hayes Memorial Library, Fremont, Ohio 
Marietta College Library, Marietta, Ohio 
Oliver R. Barrett Collection, Chicago, 111.* 
Clark County Historical Society, Springfield, Ohio 
Oregon Historical Society, Portland, Ore. 
Haverford College Library, Haverf ord. Pa. 
Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. 

* After the Collected Works was in press, the collection of the Inte Oliver H 
Barrett was sold at auction by Parke-Bernet Galleries (Catalog 131.-) on I-Vl, 
ruary 19-30, 1952. It has been impossible to trace all new owners of the mr,* 

fc^hi^rt 1 ^'^ m P rac ' ic ? ble to change the source citations for 
those which are known, but many of the more important items went to sm h 

[viii] 



MiU-HL 

MnHi 

MnSM 

Moffi 

MoSHi 

N 

NAuE 

NBLiHi 

NBuG 

NBuHi 

NDry 

NHi 

NIC 

NN 

NNC 

NNP 

HRU 

NSh 

NSk 

NWM 

NbO 

NcGu 

NhExP 



OCHP 

OC1CS 

OClWHi 

OFH 

OMC 

ORB 

OSffi 

OrHi 

PHC 

PHi 



SOURCES 

PMA Allegheny College Library, Meadville, Pa. 

PP Free Library of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pa. 

PPDrop Dropsie College Library, Philadelphia, Pa. 

PSt Pennsylvania State College Library, State College, Pa. 

PU University of Pennsylvania Library, Philadelphia, Pa. 

RPAB Annmary Brown Memorial Library, Providence, R. I. 

RPB Brown University Library, Providence, R. I. 

THaroL Lincoln Memorial University, Harrogate, Tenn. 

THi Tennessee Historical Society, Nashville, Tenn. 

ViU University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va. 

VtU University of Vermont Library, Burlington, Vt. 

WBeloHi Beloit Historical Society, Beloit, Wis. 

WHi State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis. 

WvU West Virginia University Library, Morgantown, W 
Va. 



[ix] 




NOVEMBER 15, 1863 
By Alexander (lardner 



THE COLLECTED WORKS OF 

ABRAHAM LINCOLN 



To Nathaniel E Banks 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Major General Banks Washington, Nov. 5. 1863. 

Three months ago to-day I wrote you about Louisiana affairs, 
stating, on the word of Gov. Shepley, as I understood him, that Mr. 
Durant was taking a registry of citizens, preparatory to the elec- 
tion of a constitutional convention for that State. I sent a copy of 
the letter to Mr. Durant; and I now have his letter, written two 
months after, acknowledging receipt, and saying he is not taking 
such registry; and he does not let me know that he personally is 
expecting to do so. Mr. Flanders, to whom I also sent a copy, is 
now here, and he says nothing has yet been done. This disappoints 
me bitterly; yet I do not throw blame on you or on them. I do how- 
ever, urge both you and them, to lose no more time. Gov. Shepley 
has special instructions from the War Department. I wish him 
these gentlemen and others co-operating without waiting for more 
territory, to go to work and give me a tangible nucleus which the 
remainder of the State may rally around as fast as it can, and 
which I can at once recognize and sustain as the true State gov- 
ernment. And in that work I wish you, and all under your com- 
mand, to give them a hearty sympathy and support. The instruc- 
tion to Gov. Shepley bases the movement (and rightfully too) upon 
the loyal element. Time is important. There is danger, even now, 
that the adverse element seeks insidiously to pre-occupy the 
ground. If a few professedly loyal men shall draw the disloyal 
about them, and colorably set up a State government, repudiating 
the emancipation proclamation, and re-establishing slavery, I can 
not recognize or sustain their work. I should fall powerless in the 
attempt. This government, in such an attitude, would be a house 
divided against itself. I have said, and say again, that if a new State 
government, acting in harmony with this government, and con- 
sistently with general freedom, shall think best to adopt a reason- 
able temporary arrangement, in relation to the landless and home- 
less freed people. I do not object; but my word is out to be for and 

en 



NOVEMBER 5, 1863 

not against them on the question of their permanent freedom. I do 
not insist upon such temporary arrangement, but only say such 
would not be objectionable to me. Yours very truly 

A. LINCOI-TST. 

i ALS, CSmH. See Lincoln to Banks, August 5, supra. On October i Thomas 
J. Durant wrote Lincoln that, "By your letter to General Banks, you tippoar to 
tfrfnV that a Registration of voters is going on under my superintendence, with 
the view of bringing on the election of delegates to a Constitutional Convention; 
but such is not the case. The means of communicating with a largo portion of 
the state, are not in our power, and before the commencement of a Registration 
we ought to have undisturbed control of a considerable territory, at least the 
two congressional districts proclaimed as not being in rebellion. . . ." (Knrlosed 
with Durant to Stanton, October 5, 1863, DLC-RTL), 

On December 11 Benjamin F. Flanders wrote: 

"I have shown the copy, which you permitted me to take, of your letter to 
General Banks, to Mr. Durant Mr. Hahn, Judge Whitakor and a few others 
of our prominent union men, and it gives to all of them great encouragement 
and satisfaction. 

"The letter has had the desired effect upon the Military loaders; they are 
stimulated to action by it. 

"There is now, and I believe there will continue to be a commendable zeal 
and entire unity of action among the friends of the Government and its officers 
civil & military in the movement to form a State, a free State government for 
Louisiana. The measures taken for this great object will I think be stamped 
with prudence, and we hope their result will meet your expectations." (DLG- 
RTL). 

To Joseph Holt 1 

Execution suspended till further orders, 

Nov. 5. 1863 A. LINCOLN 

1 AES, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, MM 1061. Lincoln's 
endorsement is written on a telegram from Andrew G. Curtin, November ^,, 
1863, asking respite for Samuel Wellers. See Lincoln to Meade, November * 
infra. 

To George G. Meade 1 

Major-General Meade, Executive Mansion. 

Army of Potomac: Washington, B.C., November 5. 1 863. 

Please suspend the execution of Samuel Wellers, Forty-ninth 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, until further orders. A. 

iTarbell (Appendix), p. 398. See Lincoln to Holt, supra. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Let private Noble be discharged. A. LINCOLN 
Nov. 6. 1863. 

Carl ToUefsen ' Brookiyn ' New Y rk - privat 

[2] 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

If Gen. Whipple is entitled to have an Assistant Adjutant General 
appointed, let the appointment be made as within requested. 
Nov. 6. 1863 A. LINCOLN 

1 AES-P, ISLA. Lincoln's endorsement appears on a letter of Brigadier Gen- 
eral William D. Whipple, Pottsville, Pennsylvania, October 2, 1863, to Adjutant 
General Lorenzo Thomas, requesting that Second Lieutenant Robert H. Ramsey, 
Forty-fifth Pennsylvania Militia, be appointed assistant adjutant general of Vol- 
unteers with the rank of captain. Ramsey was appointed on December 5, 1863, 
and was confirmed by the Senate on February 29, 1864. 

To Isaac R. Diller 1 

Capt. Isaac R. Diller Executive Mansion, 

Dear Sir: Washington, Nov. 7, 1863. 

I must decline to take charge of Dr. Wetherell's interests. If he 
presents a claim to congress, or the court of Claims, I shall be ready 
to testify the whole truth, so far as within my knowledge. As to my 
ordering him back to the Agricultural Department, and fixing his 
Salary as you and he may think right, it is wholly inadmissable. 
The law does not authorize me to do any of these things Yours 
truly A, LINCOLN 

1 ADfS, DLC-RTL. See note to Lincoln's memorandum of November 2, supra. 
On November 4 Diller wrote Lincoln from Willard's Hotel: "I find that my 
health is suffering by remaining here, and I beg you to accept this as my ex- 
cuse for troubling you with this letter. 

"It is important that I should be placed in possession of the views of Your 
Excellency with regard to this powder matter, at your earliest convenience, in 
order that many expenses, such as the rent of the building at Westville, N.J. 
the services of a watchman, &c <fec. may be stopped. There is plenty of powder 
already made to test its merits . . . and with your permission will join my 
family in Illinois and there await the result. . . ." Diller continued with an 
expression of hope that Dr. Charles M. Wetherill would not "suffer in conse- 
quence" of his services on the powder project: "Should it be the pleasure of 
Your Excellency to remand him to the Department from which he was detailed, 
arid he is now in this City awaiting that pleasure, I beg that the Commissioner 
of Agriculture may be informed of your wishes in regard to his future posi- 
tion. . . . The Commissioner should issue to Dr. Wetherill, a salary upon 
which he can live respectably with his family in Washington. . . ." (DLC- 
RTL). 

Concerning WetheriU's dismissal from his post as chief chemist of the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, Representative-elect Godlove S. Orth of Lafayette, Indiana, 
wrote Lincoln on October 16, 1863: 

"I regret to learn that a constituent of mine, Dr. C. M. Wetherill 'Chemist of 
the Dept. of Agriculture,' has received from the Agricultural Conir. under date 
of Oct. i, a rather summary dismissal from that Department. 

"Dr. W. was specially detailed by your order, of date April 4, '63, for 30 days 
to make certain experiments in Gunpowder, which detail was afterwards on the 
2nd. day of May extended by the Comr. 'until notified to the contrary.' 

"Under tliis state of facts Dr. W. and his friends regard the action of the 

[3] 



NOVEMBER 7, 1863 

Commissioner as harsh and arbitrary and look with confidence to your kind 
sense of Justice to see that Dr. W. is not thus summarily dealt with. . . . 



Apparenuy Lincoln took some sort of action, for a contemporary copy of 
Isaac Newton's letter to Wetherill, dated "Novr. 1863" reads as follows: 

"Your salary as Chemist of the Department of Agriculture will be fixed at 
the rate of $2500 per annum, to commence from November ist. of the current 

ye "l'will grant you a furlough of two weeks from the date of your remand to 
this Department for the purpose of bringing your family from the West. (Ul A,- 
RTL). 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

November 7, 1863 

Please have an enquiry made at once, whether Dr. E. Z. Baird may 
not be allowed to return to his home in Mississippi. 

1 Copy, DNA WR RG 107, Secretary of War, Letters Received, P 203, Regis- 
ter notation. The copy of Lincoln's note preserved in the register indicates re- 
ferral to General Robert C. Schenck. 

To William B. Astor and Robert B. Roosevelt' 

William B. Astor & Robt. B. Rosevelt Washington Caty, 

New-York Nov. 8 1863 

I shall be happy to give the interview to the committee as you 
request. A. LINCOLN. 

1 ALS, RPB. Astor and Roosevelt telegraphed on November 7 that "a com- 
mittee of Merchants & citizens of New York ask an interview with the President 
on Monday morning ... on important business," (DLC-RTIO- Sen I.iiicnlu 
to Astor and Roosevelt, November 9, infra. 

To Samuel C. Pomeroy 1 

Private. Executive Department 

Hon. S. C. Pomeroy Washington City 

My dear Sir: Nov. 8th. 1 863 

I have examined Killingworths evidence in Capt. Levy's case, 
and I must say it makes too bad a record to admit of my intorfor- 
ence in fact, it could not be worse. In the nature of the case, K. 
alone, of all competent witnesses, can know whether Capt. L's hy- 
pothesis is true or false; and he most fully disproves it. Ho fully 
proves also that Capt. L. sought to have him testify falsely. To in- 
terfere, under the circumstances, would blacken my own character 
Yours truly A Lmcoi , N 

1 ALS-P , ISLA. No correspondence with Pomeroy in regard to this case has 
been located, and Killingworth has not been identified. Captain Chome M. Levy 

[4] 



NOVEMBER Q, 1863 

of New York, assistant quartermaster of Volunteers, convicted of signing a false 
certificate relating to pay of men under his command, was cashiered on October 
9, 1863 (AGO, General Orders No. 332). 

To John J. Astor, Jr., and Others 1 

Private, except to Gen. Dix 

Executive Mansion Washington DC. Nov. 9. 1863 
Gentlemen Upon the subject of your letter I have to say that 
it is beyond my province to interfere with New- York City politics; 
that I am very grateful to Gen. Dix for the zealous and able Mili- 
tary, and quasi civil support he has given the government during 
the war; and that if the people of New- York should tender him 
the Mayoralty, and he accept it, nothing on that subject could be 
more satisfactory to me. In this I must not be tmderstood as saying 
ought against any one, or as attempting the least degree of dicta- 
tion in the matter. To state it in another way, if Gen. Dix' present 
relation to the general government lays any restraint upon him in 
this matter, I wish to remove that restraint. Yours truly 

Messrs. J. J. Astor, Jr. A. LIISTCOUST 

R. B. Rosevelt 
Nathl Sands. 

1 ADfS, DLC-RTL. A petition bearing twenty-one signatures, including those 
of the men addressed, November 7, 1863, reads as follows: "The undersigned 
representing in the City of New York both political parties have offered Gen 
Dix the nomination for Mayor and finding some hesitation on his part arising 
from his official position ask President Lincoln in view of the great national 
importance of the matter to request Gen. Dix to accept the nomination." (DLC- 
RTL). 

John A. Dix wrote Lincoln on November 10: "Your letter in regard to the 
Mayoralty of this City reached me after I had declined the nomination. There 
were many insurmountable objections of a personal character to my acceptance; 
but I was also of the opinion that I could be more useful to your administration 
where I am, and many of your most discreet friends coincide with me. I did 
not understand your letter as expressing any opinion or wish on the subject, but 
merely as an intimation that, so far as depended on you, obstacles would be 
removed, should I deem an acceptance advisable. If I could have a few minutes' 
conversation with you, I know you would be satisfied that my decision is right. 
T am only anxious to be where you think I can be most useful to the coun- 
try. . . ." (Ibid.). 

To Ambrose E. Burnside 1 

Major Gen. Burnside Washington, D.C., 

Knoxville, Tenn. Nov. 9. 1863. 

Have seen despatch from Gen. Grant about your loss at Rogers- 
ville. 2 Per-contra, about the same time Averell & Duffie got consid- 
erable advantage of the enemy at and about Lewisburg Va; 3 and on 

[5] 



NOVEMBER Q, 863 

Saturday, the /th. Meade drove the enemy from Rappahannock- 
station, and Kellys-ford, capturing 8 battle-flags, four guns, and 
over eighteen hundred prisoners, with very little loss to himself. 
Let me hear from you. A - LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. Burnside replied at i A.M. on November 12: "Your dispatch ro- 
ceived. The Telegraph lines have been down since Saturday night, so that wo 
could not communicate with Genl Grant. Our loss at Rogersville was about five 
hundred (500) old troops and one hundred & fifty (150) new troops, tour (4) 
pieces of artillery and thirty six (36) wagons with all the baggage & ammuni- 
tion of two (2) Regts & a battery the principal loss was in the Second Ten- 
nessee mounted Infantry. The Seventh Ohio Cavalry lost about one hundred 
(100) men & Phillips Illinois Battery about forty (40). The force at that point 
consisted of these two (2) Regts & the Phillips Battery with some recruits for 
a new Tennessee Regt. The rebel attacking force amounted to thirty five hun- 
dred (3500) mounted men under Gen Sam Jones. They captured about six 
hundred horses & equipment & as many stand of small arms. An investigation 
is being made as to the cause of defeat. I at first thought it was the result of 
carelessness on the part of the Comdg Officer Col Garrard & want of steadiness 
on the part of the men but as the Investigation progresses I nm becoming satis- 
fied that it is result of the necessity for holding so long a line between two 
formidable forces of the Enemy. It seems to be impossible to be sufficiently 
watchful to prevent trouble when so many points are assailable. We \vere hoi fl- 
ing the line from Washn. on the Tenn. River to the Watnxign. The troops of 
this command have behaved so well that I shall be glad to find that no one 
was censurable for the defeat. I send you a cipher dispatch. We were all re- 
joiced to hear of the Successes in Western Virginia & in the Army of the 
Potomac." (DLC-RTL). 

2 This sentence was revised by Lincoln. He originally wrote: "Have just seen 
your despatch to Mrs. B. about your loss at Rogersville. Hnd before seen sub- 
stantially the same in a despatch from Gen, Grant." The despatch to "Mrs, B." 
has not been found, but Grant's despatch to Halleck of 1:30 P.M., November 7, 
is printed in the Official Records (I, XXXI, III, 74). 

* William W. Averell and Alfred N. Duffle. 

To Benjamin F. Flanders 1 

Hon. B. F. Flanders Executive Mansion 

My dear Sir: Washington, B.C. Nov. 9. 18(13 

In a conversation with Gen. Butler he made a suggestion which 
impressed me a good deal at the time. It was that, as a preliminary 
step, a vote be taken, yea or nay, whether there shall be a State 
convention to repeal the Ordinance of secession, and remodel the 
State constitution. I send it merely as a suggestion for your con- 
sideration, not having considered it maturely myself. The point 
which impressed me was, not so much the questions to be voted 
on, as the effect of chrystallizing, so to speak, in taking such popu- 
lar vote on any proper question. In fact, I have always thought the 
act of secession is legally nothing, and needs no repealing. Turn the 
thought over in your mind, and see if in your own judgment, you 
can make any thing of it. Yours very truly A. LINCOLN 

[6] 



NOVEMBER 9, 1863 

1 ADfS, DLC-RTL. No specific reply from Flanders has been discovered, but 
see the noto to Lincoln's letter to Banks, November 5, supra, for the text of 
Flanders' letter of December 11, 1863. 

To Stephen T. Logan 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Dear Judge Washington, Nov. 9, 1863. 

Col. Lanion had made his calculation, as he tells me, to go to 
Illinois and bring Mrs. L. home this month, when he was called on 
to act as Marshal on the occasion of dedicating the Cemetery at 
Gettysburg Pa on the igth. He came to me, and I told him I 
thought that in view of his relation to the government and to me, 
he could not well decline. Now, why would it not be pleasant for 
you to come on with Mrs. L. at that time? It will be an interesting 
ceremony, and I shall be very glad to see you. I know not whether 
you would care to remain to the meeting of congress, but that 
event, as you know, will be very near at hand. Your friend as ever 

A. LINCOLN. 

1 ALS, owned by Mrs. Logan Hay, Springfield, Illinois. No reply has been 
found. Stephen T. Logan was Ward H. Lamon's father-in-law. 

To George G. Meade 1 

Washington, 
Major-General Meade: November 9, 1863 7.30 p.m. 

I have seen your dispatches about operations on the Rappahan- 
nock on Saturday., and I wish to say, "Well done." Do the 1,500 
prisoners reported by General Sedgwick include the 400 taken by 
General French, or do the whole amount to 1,900? 

A. LINCOLN". 

1 OR, I, XXIX, II, 443. No reply has been located. Meade's telegram to Hal- 
leek of 8 P.M., November 8 stated that "Major-General Sedgwick reports offi- 
cially the capture of ... over 1,500 prisoners. Major-General French took 
over 400 prisoners . . ." (Ibid., p. 435). Official figures for Confederate losses 
to Seclgwick at Rappahannock Station on November 7 were 1674 lost, captured 
and missing; at Kelly's Ford, Confederate losses to French were 359 captured 
and missing. 

To John E. Mulford 1 

Major Mulford Washington, D.C., 

Fort Monroe Nov. gth 1863 

Let Mrs. Clark go with Mrs. Todd A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. "9 th" and "Fort Monroe" are not in Lincoln's handwriting. See 
Lincoln to Todd, October 15, supra. "Mrs. Clark" was probably Mrs. Abraham 

[7] 



NOVEMBER 1 O, 863 

Lincoln, who is known to have used the name "Mrs. Clarke" in later years 
wb^ she wished to travel incognito (see Carl Sandburg and Paul M. Angle, 
Mary Lincoln, Wife and Widow, pp. 263, 275). 

Order Concerning Export of Tobacco 1 

Executive Mansion, Nov. 10, 1863. 

In consideration of peculiar circumstances, and pursuant to the 
comity deemed to be due to friendly Powers, any tobacco in the 
United States, belonging to the Government either of France, Aus- 
tria, or any other State with which this country is at peace, and 
which tobacco was purchased and paid for by such Government 
prior to the 4th day of March, 1861, may be exported from any 
port of the United States, under the supervision and upon the re- 
sponsibility of naval officers of such Governments, and in con- 
formity to such regulations as may be prescribed by the Secretary 
of State of the United States, and not otherwise. 

ABRAHAM LINCOLN". 

i New York Times, January 20, 1864. No official copy or original document 
has been located for this order. 

To John M. Schofield 1 

Gen. Schofield Washington, D.G., 

St. Louis, Mo. Nov. 10. iBfi-* 

I see a despatch here from St. Louis which is a little difficult for 
me to understand. It says "Gen. Schofield has refused leave of ab- 
sence to members in Military service to attend the Legislature. All 
such are radical and Administration men. The election of two 
Senators from this place on Thursday will probably turn upon this 
thing" 

What does this mean? O course members of the Legislature 
must be allowed to attend it's sessions. But how is there a session 
before the recent election returns are in? And how is it to be at 
"this place" that is St Louis? Please inform me. 

A. 



1 ALS, RPB. General Schofield replied the same day, "The legislature moots 
at Jefferson City today. The recent election was not for members of the legis- 
lature except perhaps to fill vacancies. I have not authority to grant leaves of 
absence to officers except in case of sickness. The orders of the War Dept. ex- 
pressly forbid it. I have informed members of the Legislature who are in th< 
Military service that I will accept their resignations to enable them to attend 
the session of the Legislature. There are but few of them & they are about 
equally divided between radicalls & conservatives. If authorized to do so I will 
grant the leaves of absence long enough to elect senators but I would not think 
it proper for them to be absent all winter and still retain their commissions in 
the army." (DLC-RTL). See Lincoln to Schofield, November it, infra. 

[8] 



To Hiram Barney 1 

Hon. Hiram Barney Executive Mansion 

New- York. Washington, D.C. Nov. 11. 1863 

I would like an interview with you. Can you not come? 

A. LlNCOUNT 

1 ALS, HPIJ. Charles P. Clinch, assistant collector of customs, replied at 1:30 
P.M., "Mr Barney had left for Washington before the receipt of your message" 
(DLC-HTL). 

To Montgomery Blair 1 

Hon. M. Blair Executive Mansion Washington D.C. 

My dear Sir Nov. 11. 1863 

Mr. Crisfield's letter which you inclose, is received. Let Mr. S. 2 
procure the sworn statement of the election judges at any voting 
place, as to what may be deemed the misconduct of any military 
officer, and present it to me, and I will call any such officer to ac- 
count who shall by such statement appear to have violated, or 
transcended his orders. Yours truly A LINCOLIST 

1 ADfS, DI-C-HTL. The letter from defeated congressman John M. Crisfield, 
November 8, 1863, enclosed by Blair with a note dated November 11, is as fol- 
lows: 

"Order No 53 of Geri. Schenck is already known to you. In obedience to that 
order, large bodies of troops were moved into this Congressional District on 
Monday last; and between that and Wednesday morning, the day of the elec- 
tion, they were distributed to all the voting places, whore they remained during 
the day, watching arid interfering with the election. 

tl ln my own County, (Somerset), some two or three hundred cavalry, fully 
armed, with carbines, swords, &> pistols, and well mounted, were marched 
through various parts of the County oil Tuesday; and at the hour of opening 
the polls on Wednesday morning, they were found at each voting place, in 
squads, numbering from 5 to 30 each. They at once took control of the election, 
arid had it all their own way. ... in the Union districts, where I was supposed 
to be strong, their control was exercised in the most absolute way. In one 
Election District, (Tangier), the officer pulled from his pocket a yellow, or 
Cresswell [John A. J. Creswell] ticket, and said that no other was to be voted 
there . . . and every man approaching the polls, with any other ticket, was 
turned back by an armed force. ... In ... other districts . . . the same 
thing was done . . . many persons who offered to take the oath prescribed by 
Order No. 53, and were legally qualified voters, were turned down. ... In 
. . . Hungary Neck, the officer in command at the opening of the Polls, ordered 
every ticket to be examined, before it was put into the box; and if it had my 
name on it, the voter was required to take the oath before the ballot could go 
in. ... The consequence was, not over 50 pr. ct. of the vote of the District 
was cast. ... In this election District (Princess Anne) the polls were sur- 
rounded by the cavalry dismounted, and armed as stated; and each voter was 
obliged to come up, one at a time, through files of soldiers, to the box, where 
stood the commanding officer, (Capt [Charles C.] Moore 3rd Md. Cavalry) 
challenging each as he came up, and requiring oath to be administered to him, 
before the vote was received. One vote was so received; when the next came 

[9] 



NOVEMBER 11, 1863 

up, who happened to be my son, the Captain challenged him, and before the 
oath was put to him, commenced a series of questions as to his loyalty, mid po- 
litical opinions, the means of suppressing the rebellion, his willingness to give 
up all his property to put down the rebellion, &c. and when he had got through, 
he turned to the judges, and ordered the oath to be administered. At this point 
the judges said, 'we do not approve of this mode of conducting the election , 
we must adhere to the laws of the state; and if we are not permitted to do 
so, we submit to arrest.' (The Capt had previously told them that unless they 
obeyed his orders, he would arrest them), and thereupon he did arrest them, 
and sent them off, under guard, to Gen. Schenck's Head-Quarters, and the elec- 
tion was broken up. The judges were on the bench just 12 minutes, and had 
taken but one vote. They proceeded to Salisbury, under guard, to take the train 
for Baltimore, and while waiting for that purpose, were put into the Guard 
House. After remaining there awhile, by the interference of Gen Lorkwood, 
as was understood, they were released and reached home at one o'clock, on the 
following morning. . . . Capt. Moore said he had orders for his act but he did 
not exhibit them, as far as I know. I was an eye witness to this scene. . . . 

"Proceedings o the same general nature, occurred in ... every County. 
... In regard to this county authentic statements, verified by the most re- 
spectable witnesses, have been prepared; the originals of which have been sent 
to the Governor, and copies will be published in the County paper, a copy of 
which will be sent to you. 

"It is not for me to suggest what can, or ought to, be done, but . . . public 
indignation is very highly aroused and will not be appeased, unless the pro- 
ceedings of these military officers be disavowed and rebuked, and some assur- 
ance be given, that the outrage is not to be repeated. . . ." (DLC-IVTL). 

See Lincoln to Schenck, November 20, infra. 

2 The initial "S" may be in error. Crisfleld would be the person meant, and 
he did in fact procure affidavits. 

To John Milderborger 1 

John Milderborger Executive Mansion 

Peru, Indiana. Washington B.C. Nov. 1 1. 1863 

I can-not comprehend the object of your despatch. I do not often 
decline seeing people who call upon me; and probably will sop you 
if you call. A! LTNCOI.TST. 



^ALS, KPB. John Milderborger telegraphed on November 11, "Can I speak 
with you if I come. Answer quick." (DLC-RTL). No further reference has been 



found. 



To John M. Schofield 1 

Gen. Schofield Washington, D.C , 

St. Louis, Mo Nov 14 l863 

I beHeve the Secretary of War has telegraphed you about mem- 
bers of the Legislature. At all events, allow those in the service to 
attend the session; and we can afterwards decide, whether they 
can stay through the entire session. A. LINCOLN ' 

1 ALS, RPB. See Lincoln to Schofield, November 10, supra. No teWrum 
from Stanton to Schofield about members of the legislature has been located 

[10] 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Secretary of War. Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, Nov. 11, 1863. 

What is there about Major, or Capt. Beckwith? Signs appear that 
an unusual commotion is to occur somehow in this connection. 
Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

i ALsS, NHi; ADfS, DLC-RTL. An undated note from First Assistant Post- 
master Gonoral Alexander W. Randall to Montgomery Blair is as follows: 
"Col. Beckwith of the Commissary Bureau here has been ordered by the Secy. 
of War, to the West. No cause of complaint against him. I am intimately ac- 
quainted with him and he is of service to the President's friends here . . . Can 
you not speak to the President, on the subject. He has means of getting hold of 
a good deal of information that our friends will need." (DLC-RTL). 

Blair endorsed Randall's note, "The within is from Govr. Randall & explains 
itself. ... I believe that it is intended to get some one here in other interests. 
I know Beckwith well & I suspect others will agree with me that he is a good 
officer. Burn this," 

No reply from Stanton or further reference has been located. Colonel (not 
Major} An IDS Beckwith was certainly the officer referred to. He was transferred 
to St. Louis, Missouri (New York Tribune, November 12, 1863), and later or- 
dered to Nashville, Tennessee, becoming after March, 1864, chief commissary 
of subsistence for the Military Division of the Mississippi. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Secretary of War. Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, Nov. 11, 1863. 

I personally wish Jacob R. Freese, of New- Jersey to be appointed 
a Colonel for a colored regiment and this regardless of whether 
he can tell the exact shade of Julius Caesar's hair. Yours truly 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, IHi. Jacob R. Frecse, formerly a doctor of medicine in Bloomington, 
Illinois, was appointed captain and assistant adjutant general of Volunteers on 
August 24, i8fiii. Ho resigned on December 31, 1863, and there is no record of 
his further appointment, but see Lincoln to Stanton, February 24, 1864, and to 
Ten Eyck, September 19, 1864, infra. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Please let Gen. Harrow withdraw his resignation, & return to the 
service. A. LINCOLN 

Nov. 11. 1863. 

1 AES-P, ISI^A. Lincoln's endorsement appears on a letter from James Hughes, 
November 5, 1863, asking that the resignation of Brigadier General William 
Harrow of Indiana, late of the Army of the Potomac, be revoked: "Gen. Harrow 
was compelled to resign by domestic affairs which required his presence in In- 
diana, but which will now permit him to return to the public service. He left the 

[ii] 



NOVEMBER 12, 1863 

army with regret, and is, I believe a valuable and efficient officer." Succeeding en- 
dorsements indicate that Harrow's resignation was cancelled. Sec Lincoln to 
Stanton, January 7, 1864, infra. 

To John D. Defrees 1 

Mr. Defrees Please see this girl who works in your office, and 
find out about her brother, and come and tell me. 

November 12, 1863. A. LINCOLN 

1 Charles B. Boynton, History of the Great Western Sanitary Fair (1864), 
p. 183. The source also prints a letter from Defrees, December 15, transmitting 
Lincoln's note as an autograph to be sold at the Fair, which roads in part as 
follows: "A poor girl in the employment of the Government printing-office had 
a brother impressed into the rebel service, and was taken prisoner by our 
forces. He desired to take the oath of allegiance, and to be liberated. She sought 
an interview with the President, who wrote the note, asking me to inquire into 
the facts, which I did, and the young man was liberated on the President's 
order." The girl has not been identified. 

To Richard C. Vaughan or Officer in Command 
at Lexington, Missouri 1 

Gen. Vaughan, or Executive Mansion, 

Officer in Command Washington, 

Lexington, Mo. Nov. 12. 1863. 

Let execution of William H. Ogden be suspended imtil further 
order from me. A. LIINTCOI.X 

1 ALS, KPB. No reply has been found, and William H. Ogrlen has not bc*n 
identified. Colonel James McFerran was in command of tho Dopnrtnmnt of 
the Missouri with headquarters at Warrensburg. Presumably Captain Horace 
B. Johnson of Company L, First Missouri State Militia Cavalry was in mm 
mand at Lexington. 

To Edward Bates 1 

Hon. Edward Bates Executive Mansion. 

My dear Sir. Washington, Nov. 1 3. 1 8f> $. 

Herewith I return the papers of the Western Sanitary Commis- 
sion. You see an indorsement thereon, made by the Secretary of 
War, which expresses his view. While I approve heartily tho ob- 
ject of the commission, I wish to do nothing unsatisfactory to tho 
War Department, in a matter pertaining to it's business. Yours 
" A. LTTSTCOI/IV 

8 ;*' SLA * J he Papers referred to in this letter have not been located, 
no further reference has been found. 

[12] 



To E. H. E. Jameson 1 

E. H. & E. Jameson Washington, D.C., 

Jefferson City, My [>zc] Nov. 13. 1863 

Yours saying Brown and Henderson are elected Senators, is re- 
ceived. I understand, this is one and one. If so, it is knocking heads 
together to some purpose. A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. Lincoln's telegram is addressed to "E. H. & E. Jameson," be- 
cause the following telegram received from Jameson on November 13 was in- 
correctly transmitted: "The radicals of Missouri have elected B. Gratz Brown 
& John B. Henderson U.S. Senators." (DLC-RTL). E. H. E. Jameson was a 
member of the state legislature from St. Louis. 



Reply to John Conness 
upon Presentation of a Cane 1 

November 13, 1863 

The President then accepted the cane, and, with much emotion, 
replied that he never personally knew the Senator's friend, Mr. 
Broderick, but he had always heard him spoken of as one sincerely 
devoted to the cause of human rights. Testimony to this point of 
his character had been borne by those whom he had not intimately 
known, as also by those with whom he was personally and inti- 
mately acquainted, and, with all of them, the testimony had been 
uniform. The memento which was presented him by Senator Con- 
ness was of that class of things, the highest honor that could be 
conferred upon him. If, in the position he had been placed, he had 
done anything that entitled him to the honor the Senator had as- 
signed him, it was a proud reflection that his acts were of such a 
character as to merit the affiliation of the friends of a man like 
David C. Broderick. Whether remaining in this world or looking 
down upon the earth from the spirit land, to be remembered by 
such a man as David C. Broderick was a fact he would remember 
through all the years of his life. The proudest ambition he could 
desire was to do something for the elevation of the condition of his 
fellow-man. In conclusion, he returned his sincere thanks for the 
part the Senator bore in this presentation, and to the memory of 
his great friend. 

1 Cincinnati Gazette, November 17, 1863. Senator John Conness of California, 
"accompanied by a number of gentlemen, most of them citizens of Pennsyl- 
vania, called upon the President of the United States for the purpose of asking 
his acceptance of a cane which was the gift to him of his great predecessor and 
exemplar, David Colbert Broderick." 

[13] 



To William S. Rosecrans 1 

Major General Rosecrans Washington, B.C., 

Cincinnati, O. Nov. 14 1863 [12:15 P.M.] 

I have received and considered your despatch of yesterday. Of 
the Reports you mention I have not the means of seeing any except 
your own. Besides this the publication might be improper in view 
of the Court of Inquiry which has been ordered. With every dispo- 
sition, not merely to do justice, but to oblige you, I feel constrained 
to say I think the publication better not be made now. 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. The time of this telegram is not on the manuscript, but is taken 
from the Official Records, I, XXXI, III, 144- AGO, General Orders No. 337, 
October 16, 1863, created the Military Division of the Mississippi, incorporating 
the Departments of the Ohio, Cumberland, and Tennessee, under General Grant, 
and replaced Rosecrans with General George H. Thomas. Rosecrans telegraphed 
from Cincinnati on November 13, "Will you permit me to publish a certified 
copy of my official report of the Battle of Chicamauga also those of Generals 
Thomas, McCook, Crittenden & Granger. It is an act of justice I solicit from 
one in whose justice I confide." (DLC-RTL). Courts of inquiry referred to 
were those ordered to meet January 29, 1864, on conduct of James S. Negley, 
Thomas L. Crittenden, and Alexander M. McCook at Chickamauga. 



To Ambrose E. Burnside 1 

Major General Burnside Washington City, 

Knoxville, Tenn. Nov. 16. 1863 

What is the news? A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. On November 17 Burnside replied to Lincoln's telegram: 

"Longstreet crossed the Tennessee River on Saturday at Huff's Ferry six 
miles below Loudon with about 15,000 men. We have resisted the advance 
steadily repulsing every attack, holding on, till our position was turned by su- 
perior numbers, and then retiring in good order. 

"He attacked us yesterday about eleven o'clock at Campbell's Station and 
heavy fighting has been going on all day. in which we have held our own and 
inflicted serious loss on the enemy. 

"No fighting since dark. We commenced retiring, and the most of the com- 
mand is now within the lines of Knoxville. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 

Memorandum Concerning Edward L. Hale 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
November 16, 1863. 
On condition that Edward L. Hale, named within, faithfully serves 
in his present position, until honorably discharged, he is fully par- 
doned for the desertion mentioned. A LINCOLN 
Nov. 16. 1863 
1 Copy, DLC-RTL. Edward L. Hale has not been identified. 

[14] 



To Edward Bates 1 

Hon. Attorney General Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, Nov. 17, 1863. 

Please send me an appointment for Richard Busteed of N. Y. to 

be Judge in Northern Alabama, in place of Lane deceased. 

Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

!ALS, DNA GE RG 60, Papers of Attorney General, Segregated Lincoln 
Material. George W. Lane of Huntsville, Alabama, had been appointed in 1861, 
but being a strong Unionist he had been forced to leave the state and never 
held court. Busteed's appointment was confirmed by the Senate on January 
20, 1864. 



To Salmon R Chase 1 

Hon. Secretary of the Treasury Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, Nov. 17. 1863. 

I expected to see you here at Cabinet meeting, and to say some- 
thing about going to Gettysburg. There will be a train to take and 
return us. The time for starting is not yet fixed; but when it shall 
be, I will notify you. Yours truly A. LINCOLN. 

1 ALS, NBuG. Chase did not go to Gettysburg. 



To Salmon R Chase 1 

Hon. Sec. of Treasury please see and hear Mr. M. V. Hall one of 
the best men in northern Illinois. A. LINCOLN. 

Nov. 17. 1863. 

1 Copy, IHi-Nicolay and Hay Papers. Myron V. Hall was editor of the 
Aurora, Illinois, Beacon. 



Memorandum: Appointment of Philo R Judson 1 

Good recommendations for a Quarter-Master, or Commissary 
Nov. 17. 1863. A. LLNCOLN 

1 AES, RPB. Lincoln's endorsement is written on the recommendation of 
Commissary Sergeant Philo P. Judson signed by officers of the Eighth Illinois 
Cavalry, November 13, 1863. Judson was appointed first lieutenant and quar- 
termaster of the Seventeenth Illinois Cavalry on December 2, 1863. He was 
confirmed as commissary of subsistence of the Eighth Illinois Cavalry with rank 
of captain on April 20, 1864. 

[15] 



Order Concerning Union Pacific Railroad 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, November 17. 1863. 
In pursuance of the fourteenth Section of the act of congress, en- 
titled "An act to aid in the construction of a Railroad and Tele- 
graph Line from the Missouri river to the Pacific ocean, and to 
secure to the Government the use of the same for postal, military, 
and other purposes" Approved July i, 1862, I, Abraham Lincoln, 
President of the United States, do hereby fix so much of the West- 
ern boundary of the State of Iowa as lies between the North and 
South boundaries of the United States Township, within which the 
City of Omaha is situated, as the point from which the line of rail- 
road and telegraph in that section mentioned, shall be constructed. 

ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 

1 ADS, IHi. See Lincoln's order of March 7, and communication to the Son- 
ate of March 9, 1864, infra. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

[November 17, 1863] 

I do not lite this arrangement. I do not wish to so go that by the 
slightest accident we fail entirely, and, at the best, the whole to be 
a mere breathless running of the gauntlet. But, any way. 

A. 



1 NH, IX, 208. Nicolay and Hay give this as an endorsement on the follow- 
ing letter from Stanton dated November 17: 

"Mr. President: It is proposed by the Baltimore and Ohio road 

First, to leave Washington Thursday morning at 6 A.M.; and 

Second, To leave Baltimore at 8 A.M., arriving at Gettysburg at 13 noon, thus 
giving two hours to view the ground before the dedication ceremonies com- 
mence. 

Third, To leave Gettysburg at 6 P.M., and arrive hi Washington, midnight; 
thus doing all in one day. 

Mr. Smith says the Northern Central road agrees to this arrangement. 

Please consider it, and if any change is desired, let me know, so that it can 
be made." 

Stanton replied later in the day: "The arrangement I proposed has boon 
made The train will leave the Depot at 12 oclock. I will assign the Adjutant 
General or Col. Fry to accompany you as personal escort and to control the 
train. A carriage will call for you at 12. Please furnish me the names of those 
whom you may invite that they may be furnished with tickets and unauthor- 
ized intrusion prevented." (DLC-RTL). 

Remarks to Citizens of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 1 

November 18, 1863 

I appear before you, fellow-citizens, merely to thank you for 
this compliment. The inference is a very fair one that you would 

[16] 



NOVEMBER 19, 1863 

hear me for a little while at least, were I to commence to make a 
speech. I do not appear before you for the purpose of doing so, and 
for several substantial reasons. The most substantial of these is 
that I have no speech to make. [Laughter.] In my position it is 
somewhat important that I should not say any foolish things. 

A VOICE If you can help it. 

Mr. LINCOLN It very often happens that the only way to help it 
is to say nothing at all. [Laughter.] Believing that is my present 
condition this evening, I must beg of you to excuse me from ad- 
dressing you further. 

1 New York Tribune, November 20, 1863. "After supper the President was 
serenaded by the excellent band of the 5th New- York Artillery. After repeated 
calls, Mr. Lincoln at length presented himself, when he was loudly cheered." 
(Ibid.). 

Address Delivered at the Dedication of 
the Cemetery at Gettysburg 1 

November 19, 1863 

FIRST DRAFT 2 

Executive Mansion, Washington, ,186 

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth, upon 
this continent, a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to 
the proposition that "all men are created equal" 

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that 
nation, or any nation so conceived, and so dedicated, can long en- 
dure. We are met on a great battle field of that war. We have come 
to dedicate a portion of it, as a final resting place for those who 
died here, that the nation might live. This we may, in all propriety 

1 Sources of the various drafts and reports of this speech are given in the 
succeeding footnotes. 

2 The fact that the first page of this draft was written in ink on Executive 
Mansion stationery indicates that this page was written at Washington before 
Lincoln went to Gettysburg. Since the page ends in an incomplete sentence, it 
may be inferred that there was also a second page written in Washington. The 
only extant second page, however, written in pencil on lined paper, shows in- 
dications of being a copy, presumably of an original page so completely revised 
and overwritten that Lincoln threw it away. It is also possible, however, that 
this copy was made from the second draft (see note 3), or possibly from a still 
different draft of which we have no knowledge. 

When he made the copy is another matter of uncertainty. According to John 
G. Nicolay, he wrote it at Gettysburg on the morning of November 19 (for 
Nicolay's complete account, see Century Magazine, new series, XXV, 596-608); 
but it is also possible that he wrote this page on the night of November 18 and 
the second draft on the igth (see William E. Barton, Lincoln at Gettysburg, 
pp. 68 ff.). 

[17] 



ISTOVKMBER 19, 1863 

do. But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate we can not con- 
secrate we can not hallow, this ground. The brave men, living 
and dead, who struggled here, have hallowed it, far above our poor 
power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long re- 
member what we say here; while it can never forget what they 
did here. 

It is rather for us, the living, to stand here, we here be dedicci- ;i 

{Second Page"} 

ted to the great task remaining before us that, from these hon- 
ored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they 
here, gave the last full measure of devotion that we here highly 
resolve these dead shall not have died in vain; that the nation, shall 
have a new birth of freedom, and that government of the people; 
by the people for the people, shall not perish from the earth. 

SECOND DRAFT 4 

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth, upon 
this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated 
to the proposition that all men are created equal. 

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether thai 
nation, or any nation, so conceived, and so dedicated, can long en - 

8 The last three words written in ink on the first page, "to stand hen*,'* were 
deleted by Lincoln and "we here be dedica-" inserted in pencil. If tin* extant 
second page of the first draft is a copy, in making the copy Lincoln presumably 
erred in beginning the revision at the end of page one with the word ^dedi- 
cated" which appears in line 17 of the second draft, instead of beginning with 
the word "dedicated" in line 15. 

4 ADf, DLC. This draft is written on lined paper similar to the extant sec 
ond page of the first draft. The emendations which appear in this draft and the 
important revisions from the first draft are indicated in succeeding notes. 

The exact relationship between the first and second drafts cannot now be 
established beyond question, for certain emendations in the second draft restmv 
the reading of the first draft. Some of these emendations, however, must hav<* 
been made after Lincoln delivered the speech, for the newspaper versions follow 
in some instances the original wording of this draft rather than the emenda- 
tions (notes 6, 7, 8, 12). Thus it would seem that although Lincoln spoke from 
the second draft as first written, and perhaps partially revised, he did not read 
it verbatim. He probably made further changes in this draft after the address 
to make it conform to what he said. 

Nicolay states that Lincoln prepared "a new autograph copy" after he con 
suited newspaper reports of the address. Possibly Nicolay referred to the Kverett. 
copy (infra), which we do not know to have been prepared after rather than 
before receipt of Everett's letter of January 30, 1864. It has also been supposed 
that there was once an autograph copy prepared for Judge David Wills, at 
whose home Lincoln stayed on the night before the dedication ceremony, 'but 
this supposed copy has never been located. In any event Nicolay's acro'unt is 
incomplete and vague, and shows no acquaintance with the second draft. 

[18] 



NOVEMBER 19, 1863 

dure. We are met here 5 on a great battle-field of that war. We 
have come 6 to dedicate a portion of it as a 7 final resting place for 8 
those who 9 here gave their lives that that nation might live. It 10 
is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. 

But in a larger sense we can not dedicate we can not conse- 
crate we can not hallow this ground. The brave men, living and 
dead, who struggled here, have consecrated 11 it far above our 
poor 12 power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long 
remember, what we say here, but 13 can never forget what they 
did here. It is 14 for us, the living, rather to be dedicated here to 
the unfinished work which they have, thus far, so nobly carried 
on. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remain- 
ing before us that from these honored dead we take increased 
devotion to that 15 cause for which they here gave the last full 
measure of devotion that we here highly resolve that 16 these dead 
shall not have died in vain; that this 17 nation shall have a new 
birth of freedom; and that this 18 government of the people, by the 
people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth. 



NEWSPAPER VERSIO N 19 

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth upon 
this continent a new Nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated 
to the proposition that all men are created equal. [Applause.] Now 

6 "Here" does not appear in the first draft, 

6 Lincoln wrote "are met," deleted the words, and inserted "have come," as 
in the first draft. 

7 Lincoln wrote "the," deleted the word, and substituted "a," as in the first 
draft. 

8 Lincoln wrote "of," deleted the word, and substituted "for" as in the first 
draft. First draft reads "who died here, that the nation might live." 

1 See first draft for first version of this sentence. 

11 First draft reads "hallowed." 

1 2 "Poor," as in the first draft, purposely or inadvertently omitted, is in- 
serted above the line. i 8 First draft reads "while it can never." 

14 See note 3. 

15 Lincoln wrote "the," deleted the word, and substituted "that," as in first 
draft. 1 "That" does not appear in the first draft. 

17 "The nation," in first draft. 

is "This" does not appear in the first draft. 

1 New York Tribune, Times, and Herald, November 20, 1863. Except for 
minor differences in punctuation and capitalization, the text is the same in all 
three papers and is the Associated Press version prepared by Joseph L. Gilbert. 
According to Gilbert's later account, his text was prepared partly from his 
shorthand notes and partly from Lincoln's manuscript (see Barton, op. cit. 9 pp. 
189-92). Since this version follows closely the second draft prior to its having 
been emended, down to the final sentence, we have to account chiefly for the 
variants between the newspaper text and the second draft in this final sentence. 
All of these variants may be explained by the hypothesis that "Lin coin did not 

[19] 



NOVEMBER 1Q 9 1863 

we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that Nation 
or any Nation so conceived and so dedicated can long endure. We 
are met on a great battle-field of that war. We are met to dedicate 
a portion of it as the final resting-place of those who here gave 20 
their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and 
proper that we should do this. But in a larger sense we cannot 
dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow this ground. The 
brave men living and dead who struggled here have consecrated 
it far above our power 21 to add or detract. [Applause.] The world 
will little note nor long remember what we say here, but it can 
never forget what they did here. [Applause.] It is for us, the liv- 
ing, rather to be dedicated here to the refinished 22 work that they 
have thus far so nobly carried on. [Applause.] It is rather for us to 
be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us, that from 
these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for 
which they here gave the last full measure of devotion; that we 
here highly resolve that the 23 dead shall not have died in vain 
[applause] ; that the nation shall, under God, have a new birth of 

read his manuscript verbatim, and hence Gilbert's shorthand followed the 
spoken word. Some of them may be accounted for as errors, which in spite of 
having access to the manuscript Gilbert did not correct, or which occur rod in 
transcription. In any event Gilbert seems not to have relied on the manuscript 
for Lincoln's last sentence. 

Aside from Gilbert's text there are several independent newspaper texts, of 
varying degrees of reliability, such as those in the Chicago Tribune and Phila- 
delphia Inquirer. Inferior in general, they are important chiefly in establishing; 
one word, "poor," omitted by Gilbert, which Lincoln assuredly must have 
spoken and which appears in both first and second drafts. "Our poor power," 
rather than Gilbert's "our power," appears in the Chicago Tribune and the 
Philadelphia Inquirer has "our poor attempts," in texts prepared independently 
of each other, and also independently of the Associated Press text. These papers 
corroborate Gilbert's version, however, in having the phrase "under God/' which 
Lincoln must have used for the first time as he spoke. 

Barton (op. cit. 9 pp. 80-83) credits the text taken down in shorthand by 
Charles Hale of the Boston Advertiser as being "what Lincoln actually said/' 
and gives it preference over Gilbert's text chiefly on the ground that Gilbert 
consulted Lincoln's manuscript, whereas Hale relied solely on his shorthand 
notes. The few particulars in which Hale's version differs from Gilbert's have 
been indicated in footnotes. In one particular, however, it may be questioned 
whether Hale was accurate along with Gilbert he omits "poor" from "our 
poor power." It is difficult to comprehend how "poor" found its way into other 
newspaper reports unless Lincoln spoke the word, and yet both Gilbert and Hale 
omitted it. 

20 Hale's text and that of the Chicago Tribune are "have given." 

21 Philadelphia Inquirer has "our poor attempts" and Chicago Tribune has 
"our poor power." 

22 A obvious error in Gilbert's text in all three New York papers. Hale's ver- 
sion and the Chicago Tribune have "unfinished." 

28 Hale's version has "these" as in the drafts. 

[20] 



NOVEMBER 1Q 5 1863 

freedom; and that Governments 24 of the people, by the people, 
and 25 for the people, shall not perish from the earth. [Long-con- 
tinued applause.] 

EDWARD EVERETT COP Y 26 

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth upon 
this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated 
to the proposition that all men are created equal. 

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that 
nation, or any nation so conceived, and so dedicated, can long en- 
dure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come 
to dedicate a portion of that field, 27 as a final resting place for those 
who here gave their lives, that that nation might live. It is alto- 
gether fitting and proper that we should do this. 

But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate we can not conse- 
crate we can not hallow this ground. The brave men, living and 
dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor 
power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long re- 
member, what we say here, but it 28 can never forget what they 
did here. It is for us, the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the 
unfinished work which they who 29 fought here, have, thus far, so 
nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great 
task remaining before us that from these honored dead we take 
increased devotion to that cause for which they here gave the last 
full measure of devotion that we here highly resolve that these 
dead shall not have died in vain that this nation, under God, 30 
shall have a new birth of freedom and that, government of the 
people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the 
earth. 

24 The plural appears only in Gilbert's text, so far as is known, and may well 
be an error of transcription. 

25 Hale's version omits "and" as in the drafts, but the Inquirer text also has 
"and." 

26 AD, IHi. This manuscript was sent to Edward Everett, to be bound in a 
volume with the manuscript of Everett's address and sold at the Sanitary Fair 
in New York. For particulars see the note to Lincoln's letter to Everett, Feb- 
ruary 4, 1864, infra. It is not certain that this copy was made specifically for 
this purpose after receipt of Everett's letter of January 30, and quite probably 
it may have been made earlier. In either case, comparison of the Everett copy 
with the first and second drafts and with the newspaper versions shows it to 
nave been made as a careful revision, incorporating the phrase "under God" 
md other minor changes from the newspapers, and making additional revisions 
is indicated in the succeeding notes, but in general following the revised second 
Iraft. 27 "That field" replaced "it" of the earlier versions. 

28 "It" was adopted from the newspaper version. 

20 The remainder of this sentence was completely revised from the earlier 
r ersions. 30 "Under God" was incorporated from the newspaper versions. 

[21] 



NOVEMBER 2O, 1863 

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on 
this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated 
to the proposition that all men are created equal. 

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that 
nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long en- 
dure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come 
to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those 
who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is alto- 
gether fitting and proper that we should do this. 

But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate we can not conse- 
crate we can not hallow this ground. The brave men, living and 
dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor 
power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long re- 
member what we say here, but it can never forget what they did 
here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the 
xmfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so 
nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great 
task remaining before us that from these honored dead we take 
increased devotion to that cause for which they 34 gave the last full 
measure of devotion that we here highly resolve that these dead 
shall not have died in vain that this nation, under God, shall have 
a new birth of freedom and that government of the people, by the 
people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth. 

November 19. 1863. ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 

3 4 "Here" is omitted from the phrase "they here gave," which appears in 
preceding versions. 



To Henry B. Blood 1 

Capt. Blood furnish one Horse for bearer 
Nov. 19. 1863 A LiisrcoLisr 

1 ALS-P, ISLA. Captain Henry B. Blood was assistant quartermaster of Volun- 
teers. The bearer has not boen identified. 

To Zachariah Chandler 1 



Men. Z. Chandler Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, Nov. 20. 1863. 

Your letter of the i5th. marked "private" was received to-day. I 
lave seen Gov. Morgan and Thurlow Weed, separately, but not 

[23] 



NOVEMBER IQ, 1863 

GEORGE BANCROFT COP Y 81 

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth, on 82 
this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated 
to the proposition that all men are created equal. 

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that 
nation, or any nation so conceived, and so dedicated, can long 
endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. Wo have 
come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting-place for 
those who here gave their lives, that that nation might live. It is 
altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. 

But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate we can not conse- 
crate we can not hallow this ground. The brave men, living and 
dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it far above our poor 
power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long re- 
member what we say here, but it can never forget what: they did 
here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the un- 
finished -work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly 
advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the groat task 
remaining before us that from these honored dead we talco in- 
creased devotion to that cause for which they here gave the last 
full measure of devotion that we here highly resolve that these 
dead shall not have died in vain that this nation, under God, shall 
have a new birth of freedom and that government; of the people, 
by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth. 

FI1STAL TEX T 33 

Address delivered at the dedication of the Cemetery at Gettys- 
burg. 

81 AD, NIC. This copy was prepared upon request of George Bancroft for 
reproduction in facsimile in Autograph Leaves of Our Country's Authors ( i 8(5.-j.), 
a volume to be sold by the Baltimore Sanitary Fair. For particulars see Lin 
coin's letter to Bancroft, February 29, 1864, infra. This text is notable* chiefly 
for Lincoln's change of "upon this continent" to "on this continent." Written 
on both sides of a single sheet of paper, the manuscript was not suitable for 
reproduction, and hence Lincoln prepared the final copy, infra. 

32 "On" replaced "upon" of the earlier versions. 

ss ADS, owned by Oscar Cintas, Havana, Cuba. Generally known as the "Bliss 
Copy" from its long possession by the family of Alexander Bliss, a member of 
the committee which obtained the volume of original autographs to provide 
facsimiles for Autograph Leaves of Our Country's Authors, this was Lincoln's 
final text. Only one change in wording, as noted, was made in this copy from 
the Bancroft copy. The exact date that Lincoln prepared this final manuscript 
is not known, but was sometime later than March 4, 1864, when John 
P. Kennedy wrote on behalf of the Baltimore Sanitary Fair to explain that the 
Bancroft copy would not do because it could not be fitted to the pages of the 
proposed volume. 

[22] 



NOVEMBER 2 O, 863 

together, within the last ten days; but neither of them mentioned 
the forthcoming message, or said anything, so far as I can remem- 
ber, which brought the thought of the Message to my mind. 

I am very glad the elections this autumn have gone favorably, 
and that I have not, by native depravity, or under evil influences, 
done anything bad enough to prevent the good result. 

I hope to "stand firm" enough to not go backward, and yet not 
go forward fast enough to wreck the country's cause. Yours truly 

A. LINCOLIST 

1ALS, DLC-Chandler Papers. On November 15, Senator Chandler wrote 
Lincoln protesting published reports that " 'Thurlow Weed and Gov Morgan & 
other distinguished Republicans are here [Washington] urging the President to 
take bold conservative ground in his message.* I have been upon the stump more 
than two months this fall & have certainly talked to more than 200,000 people 
in Illinois Ohio & New York ... & have yet to meet the first Republican or 
real War Democrat who stands by Thurlough Weed or Mr Blair. All denounce 
them. , . . You are today Master of the situation if you stand firm. The people 
endorsed you gloriously in every state save one & New Jersey could have been 
carried by a bold radical campaign. . . . Conservatives & traitors are buried to- 
gether, for Gods sake dont exhume their remains in Your Message. They will 
smell worse than Lazarus did after he had been buried three days (Chandler 
to Lincoln, November 15, 1863, ibid.). 



To Edward Everett 1 

Hon. Edward Everett. Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, Nov. 20, 1863, 

Your kind note of to-day is received. In our respective parts yes- 
terday, you could not have been excused to make a short address, 
nor I a long one. I am pleased to know that, in your judgment, the 
little I did say was not entirely a failure. Of course I knew Mr. 
Everett would not fail; and yet, while the whole discourse was emi- 
nently satisfactory, and will be of great value, there were passages 
in it which trancended my expectation. The point made against 
the theory of the general government being only an agency, whoso 
principals are the States, was new to me, and, as I think, is one of 
the best arguments for the national supremacy. The tribute to our 
noble women for their angel-ministering to the suffering soldiers, 
surpasses, in its way, as do the subjects of it, whatever has gone 
before. 

Our sick boy, for whom you kindly inquire, we hope is past the 
worst. Your Obt. Servt. A. 



1 ALS, MHi. On November 20, Edward Everett wrote Lincoln- 
"Not wishing to intrude upon your privacy, when you must be much en- 
gaged, I beg leave, in this way, to thank you very sincerely for your great 

[24] 



NOVEMBER 2 O, 863 

thoughtfulness for my daughter's accommodation on the Platform yesterday, & 
much kindness otherwise to me & mine at Gettysburg. 

"Permit me also to express my great admiration of the thoughts expressed 
by you, with such eloquent simplicity & appropriateness, at the consecration 
of the cemetery. I should be glad, if I could Hatter myself that I came as near 
to the central idea of the occasion, in two hours, as you did in two minutes. My 
son who parted from me at Baltimore & my daughter, concur in this senti- 
ment. . . ." 

"I hope your anxiety for your child was relieved on your arrival." (DLC- 
RTL). 

"Tad" Lincoln had been sick when Lincoln went to Gettysburg on November 
18, and Lincoln was ill with varioloid for several days following his return to 
Washington. 



To George G. Meade 1 

Major General Meade Executive Mansion 

Army of Potomac Washington D.C. Nov. 20. 1 863 

If there is a man by the name of King under sentence to be shot, 
please suspend execution till further order, and send record. 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, THaroL,. See Lincoln to Meade, infra. 



To George G. Meade 1 

Major Gen. Meade Executive Mansion, 

Army of Potomac Washington, Nov. 20, 1863. 

An intelligent woman [in] deep distress, called this morning, 
saying her husband, a Lieutenant in the A.P. was to be shot next 
Monday for desertion; and putting a letter in my hand, upon 
which I relied for particulars, she left without mentioning a name, 
or other particular by which to identify the case. On opening the 
letter I found it equally vague, having nothing to identify by, ex- 
cept her own signature, which seems to be "Mrs. Anna S. King" I 
could not again find her. If you have a case which you shall think 
is probably the one intended, please apply my despatch of this 
morning to it. A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS-P, ISLA. No reply either to this communication or the telegram, supra, 
has been found. The sentence of First Lieutenant Edward King, Company H, 
Sixty-sixth New York Infantry, was commuted to imprisonment on the Dry 
Tortugas, May 13, 1864. Letters from Hay and Nicolay to Joseph Holt, Jan- 
uary 8, 1864, and May 13, 1864 (DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, 
MM 1182) relate how Mrs. King was swindled by "an officer who gave his 
name as Captain Parker Co. M. i2th Pa Cavalry, who promised for $300 to 
get her husband pardoned claimed to know you, & got all the money the poor 
creature had." 

[25] 



Memorandum : 

Appointment of Richard S. Hayes 1 

West-Point [November 20, 1863] 

Richard Somers Hayes is Grandson of Com. Bainbridge, and 
Grandnephew of Corns. Barry & Somers. His mother, now a widow, 
is daughter of Com. Bainbridge. 

1AE, DNA WR RG 94, U.S. Military Academy, 1861, No. 886. Lincoln's 
endorsement is on an envelope with recommendations for Richard S. Hayes, 
grandson of William Bainbridge and grandnephew of John Barry and Richard 
Somers. No record of Hayes' appointment has been found. 

To Robert C. Schenck 1 

Major General Schenck Executive Mansion, 

Baltimore, Md. Washington, Nov. 20, 1863. 

It is my wish that neither Maynadier, nor Gordon, be executed 
without my further order. Please act upon this. 

A. LINCOLN 

1ALS, RPB. No reply has been found. Private John H. Maynadier, First 
Virginia Cavalry, CSA, was sentenced to be shot on November 25 for being a 
spy. William F. Gordon, private in the Thirty-third Virginia Cavalry who had 
been commissioned a captain to raise a company (never regularly commis- 
sioned) was sentenced for recruiting within Union lines. 

To Robert C. Schenck 1 

November 20, 1863 

Major General Schenck will put on trial before a Military com- 
mission, Capt. Moore, mentioned within for having transcended 
General Order No. 53, in arresting the Judges of election, mid for 
having hindered Arthur Crisfield, from voting, notwithstanding his 
willingness to take the oath in said order prescribed. Let Hon. John 
W. Crisfield be notified of time and place, and witnesses named by 
him as well as by Capt. Moore, be examined. Let time and plnoo 
be reasonably convenient to witnesses, and full record kopt & pro- 
served. A. LINCOI-N 
Nov. 20. 1863. 

1 AES, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, MM 1277. Sec Lincoln 
to Bradford, November 2, and to Blair, November 11, supra. On November 14, 
John W. Crisfield wrote Montgomery Blair: 

"Yours of the 12th. covering the President's of the day previous just at hand 

"I enclose the affidavit of W. H. Fisher, the only judge of election residing in 
this village, and immediately accessible to me. I will send others as thcv ran 
be obtained. 

"The judges ... live remote from me. ... Why will not the affidavits of 
other credible persons do as well? .... 

[26] 



NOVEMBER 21, 1863 

"I -will cause copies of the Presidents letter to be sent to each county in my 
district, and direct such affidavits as may be procured to be forwarded ... to 
you. . . ." 

On Crisfield's letter Lincoln endorsed "Affadavit named within, sent to Gen. 
Schenck, indorsed as follows: [copy of same endorsement as above but not in 
Lincoln's hand]" (DLC-RTL). 

Concerning Captain Charles C. Moore, Third Maryland Cavalry, see further 
Lincoln to Holt, February 22, 1864. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, Nov. 20, 1863. 

Please see and hear the Attorney General, and oblige him in 
what he will ask in regard to a niece of his who is in distress. Yours 
truly A. LINCOLN 

*ALS, owned by Wilson F. Harwood, Washington, D.C. On the bottom of the 
letter Stanton endorsed on November 22, "Approved. Mrs Flementine Ball 
has permission to return to her home with her family necessaries." An accom- 
panying note of Gideon Welles to Commodore Andrew A. Harwood, November 
21, 1863, reads as follows: "Comodore Harwood will attend to the request of 
the Attorney General Bates, who desires that his niece an infirm lady may be 
conveyed to, and landed at Cone River, or in its vicinity." Other letters pre- 
served with these indicate that Mrs. Flementine Ball, Bates' niece, was suc- 
cessfully transported to Coan River, a tributary of the Potomac in Northumber- 
land County, Virginia, adjoining Lancaster County where she lived. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

November 20, 1863 

Hon. Sec. of War, please see and hear the Sec. of Interior and 
Com. of Indian Aff. with Genl. George, Indian Chief and discharge 
such of the men as the chief applies for & who have not received 
bounties. 

i Copy, DNA WR RG 107, Secretary of War, Letters Received, P 206, Reg- 
ister notation. The copy of Lincoln's communication preserved as a notation on 
the register indicates referral of petition of Samuel George, head chief of the 
Six Nations, for release of Senecas unlawfully enlisted. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

November 21, 1863 

Hon. Sec. of War, please see my especial friend, Mr. Judd, now 
Minister at Berlin., and who wishes his son to go [to] West-Point. 
I must do this if there [is] any vacancy. Please ascertain, and let 
him know whether there is a vacancy. A. Liisrcous- 

Nov. 21. 1863. 

[27] 



NOVEMBER 22, 1863 

i ALS, owned by Mrs. Luther Rossiter, Evanston, Illinois. Lincoln's note is 
written on both sides of a small card. In reply to a non-extant letter from Lin- 
coln, Norman Judd, minister at Berlin, wrote on October 17, 1863, concerning 
his son Frank Judd: 

"Your kind note is at hand. I do not know enough of naval arrangements to 
understand whether the position you name offers preferment to the capable and 
industrious or not. I explained to you my situation, and I believe this will be 
the turning point in Frank's life, and so important do we regard it that Mrs. J. 
urges me to go with F. to America and my inclination is to do so. 

"To await leave of absence would keep me here a month and I am disposed 
to venture upon your generosity and secure my leave after I reach Washing- 
ton. . . ." 

On February 11, 1864, Luther Rossiter wrote Lincoln from Lake Forest, 
Illinois: 

"I have charge of Hon. N. B. Judds affairs during his absence. . . . 

"Last fall when he was here you gave his son Frank an appointment to West 
Point . . . which his father expected him to enter next June. 

"I understand that he has joined the eighth Illinois cavalry as a private, 
hoping you would promote him to some office in the regular army. . . . 

"I believe also he has written you concerning his appointment at West Point. 

"I hope you will take no action in relation to it till you hear from his father." 
(DLC-RTL). 

Young Judd's career in the army seems to have included desertion, and re- 
enlistment under the alias of "Frank Judson" in the Third Massachusetts Cav- 
alry, from which he also deserted. See Lincoln's communications to Benjamin F. 
Butler, December 29, 1864, and to Edward O. C. Ord, January 19, 1865. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

November 22, 1863 

The within is in behalf of the family of Southern, who killed the 
Lieutenant and fled. It is represented that the family aro substan- 
tially imprisoned in their house by our soldiers, & are on starvation. 
I submit that perhaps some attention better be given to the case. 
Nov. 22. 1863 A LINCOLN 

1 AES-P, ISLA. Lincoln's endorsement appears on a letter from E, W. Hir/.ard, 
Chicago, November 11, 1863, introducing "Miss Florence Holcomh of your rity] 
Miss Holcomb has had some friends arrested under military authority, one of 
whom is a young lady in which Miss Holcomb feels a very deep intrrest and 
whom she regards as entirely innocent of any intentional wrong." Succor lin^ 
endorsements indicate referral of the letter to Colonel William Birnev, Camp 
Stanton, Bryantown, Maryland, who endorsed on December 4, "Respy. roturnod 
with full report of this date." The report has not been found. 

Concerning the case of John H. Sothoron and son see Lincoln to Srhfiu-k 
October 21, supra, and to Stanton, March 18, 1864, infra. 

To E. E Evans 1 

E E Evans Executive Mansion 

West-Union, Adams Co. Ohio Washington, D.C. Nov. 23. 1863 

Yours to Gov. Chase in behalf of John A. Welch is before me. 
Can there be a worse case than to desert and write letters per- 

[28] 



NOVEMBER 24, 1863 

su[a]ding others to desert? I can-not interpose -without a better 
showing than you make. When did he desert? When did he write 
the letters? A. LINCOLN. 

1 ALS, RPB. See Lincoln's telegram to the officer in command at Covington, 
Kentucky, December 10, infra. E. P. Evans has not been identified, and his com- 
munication to Chase has not been located. 

To William H. Seward 1 

Executive Mansion, 
My dear Sir: Washington, D.C. Nov. 23. 1863 

Two despatches since I saw you one not quite so late on firing 
as we had before, but giving the points that Burnside thinks he can 
hold the place, that he is not closely invested, and that he forages 
across the river. The other brings the firing up to 11. A.M. yester- 
day, being 23. hours later than we had before. Yours truly 

Hon. Sec. of State A. LINCOLIN- 

!ALS, NAuE. Telegrams from Orlando B. Willcox at Cumberland Gap 
of 2 P.M. and 8 P.M., November 22, to Halleck, reported firing at Knoxville and 
information carried by an officer on November 20 that Burnside "still holds 
out, and had notified the citizens of Knoxville that he would hold the place." 
(OR, I, XXXI, III, 225-26). 

To Green C. Smith 1 

Hon. Green Clay Smith Executive Mansion, 

Covington, Ky. Washington, Nov. 23, 1863. 

I am told that John A. Welch is under sentence as a deserter to 
be shot at Covington on the i ith. of December. Please bring a copy 
of the record, and other facts of his case, with you when you come. 

A. LUNTCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. No reply from Smith has been found, but see Lincoln's telegram 
to the officer in command at Covington, Kentucky, December to, infra. 

To Seth Eastman 1 

Military Officer in Washington, D.C., 

command at Cincinnati O. Nov. 24, 1863. 

Please suspend execution of sentence against E. A. Smith, until 
further order, mean time send me copy of record of his trial 

A. 



1 ALS, RPB. No reply has been found. Lieutenant Colonel Seth Eastman 
was in command at Cincinnati as of October 31, 1863. O n November 24, Rich- 
ard M. Corwine telegraphed Lincoln from Cincinnati: "I send you . . . peti- 
tion in behalf of E. A. Smith just convicted by a court martial of fraud in 
horse contracts and sentenced to pay a heavy fine & suffer twelve months im- 

[29] 



NOVEMBER 24, 1863 

prisonment. I was not his counsel in the trial, but have examined the evidence 
and am satisfied it is not a just conviction but owing to Gen Burnsides absence 
no appeal can be made to him & he has not seen & has had no opportunity to 
revise the proceedings & I respectfully ask you to order the sentence to be sus- 
pended until you can examine them. If you do not make the order the sen- 
tence will be executed tomorrow." On December i, 1863, Lincoln referred the 
petition to Stanton (DNA WR RG 107, Secretary of War, Letters Received, 
P 208), but the papers are missing from the file. See further Lincoln to Holt, 
February 4, and to Corwine, March 30, 1864, infra. 

To William H. Seward 1 

Hon. Sec. of State. Executive Mansion 

My dear Sir. Washington. Nov. 24. 1863. 

A despatch from Foster at Cincinnati received half an hour ago, 
contains one from Wilcox, at Cumberland Gap without date, say- 
ing "fighting going on at Knoxville today." The want of date 
makes the time of fighting uncertain, but I rather think it moans 
yesterday the 23rd. Yours truly. A. LINCOLN. 

1 Copy, DLC-RTL. The despatch referred to is in the Official Records^ I, 
XXXI, III, 238. 

Authorization for Peter H. Watson 1 

War Department Washington City, Nov 25 1863 
During the temporary absence of the Secretary of War his clut ies 
will be performed by Assistant Secretary P H Watson. 

ABRAHAM LINCOLN 
IDS, ORB. 

To Ulysses S. Grant 1 

Major Genl. Grant Washington, D.C., 

Chattanooga. Nov. 2>-> 1863 

Your despatches as to fighting on Monday & Tuesday are here. 
Well done. Many thanks to all. Remember Burnside. 

A. Lixoor.x 

l ALS, RPB. Grant telegraphed Halleck on November 23: "General Thomas* 
troops attacked the enemy's left at 2 p.m. to-day, carried tho first line of rifle- 
pits running over the knoll, 1,200 yards in front of Fort Wood, and low ridge to 
the right of it, taking about 200 prisoners, besides killed and wounded. Our loss 
small. The troops moved under fire with all the precision of veterans on parade 
Thomas' troops will intrench themselves, and hold their position until daylight 
when Sherman will join the attack from the mouth of the Chicamnuea 'and a' 
decisive battle will be fought." (OR, I, XXXI, II, 24). 

On November 24 Grant reported again: "The fight to-day progressed fa- 
vorably. Sherman carried the end of Missionary Ridge, and his right is now at 
the tunnel, and left on Chicamauga Creek. Troops from Lookout Valley carried 

[30] 



DECEMBER 2, 863 

the point of the mountain, and now hold the eastern slope and point high up. 
I cannot yet tell the amount of casualties, but our loss is not heavy. Hooker re- 
ports 2,000 prisoners taken, besides which a small number have fallen into our 
hands from Missionary Ridge." (Ibid.). 

To George G. Meade 1 

Major-General Meade: November 25, 1863. 

The sentence in the case of Privt. Moses Giles, Company B, 
Seventh Maine Volunteers, is suspended until further orders. 

A. LINCOLN. 

1 Tarbell (Appendix), p. 401. No further reference has been found. 

To George G. Meade 1 

War Department, 

Major-General Meade Washington, 

Commanding Army of the Potomac: November 25, 1863. 

Suspend execution in case of Adolphus Morse, Seventy-sixth 
New York, deserter, and send record to me. A. LINCOLN. 

1 Tarbell (Appendix), p. 401. Meade telegraphed at 10:30 A.M., "Your dis- 
patch of today in relation to Adolphus Morse 76 N.Y. is received. The record 
will be forwarded by mail tomorrow." (DLC-RTL) . Morse's sentence was com- 
muted to imprisonment at hard labor at Fort Jefferson, Florida, where he sub- 
sequently died. 

To George G. Meade 1 

Major-General Meade: December 2, 1863. 

The sentence in the case of Privt. H. Morris Husband, Ninety- 
ninth Pennsylvania Volunteers, (now of Third Army Corps First 
Division) is suspended until further orders. Let the record be for- 
warded to me. A. LINCOLN. 

1 Tarbell (Appendix), p. 401. The roster of Company I lists Private Henry 
M. Husband as returned on November 2, 1864, and mustered out with the com- 
pany on July i, 1865. 

Memorandum 
on Construction of Loyal State Governments 1 

[c. December 2, 1863] 

It is suggested as proper that in constructing a loyal State govern- 
ment in any State, the name of the State, the boundary, the sub- 
divisions the Constitution and general code of laws, as before the 
rebellion, be maintained, subject only to the modifications made 
necessary by the conditions herein before stated, and such others if 

[31] 



DECEMBER 2, 863 

any, as may be deemed proper in the State, and not contravening 
said conditions. 

lADf, DLC-RTL. This memorandum is written on the back of Lincoln's 
draft of the letter to Opdyke and others, infra. 

To George Opdyke and Others 1 

Messrs. George Opdyke, Jos. Sutherland, Executive Mansion, 
Benj. F. Manierre, Prosper M. Wetmore Washington, 

and Spencer Kirby, Committee. Dec. 2, 1863. 

Yours of the a8th. ult. inviting me to be present at a meeting to 
be held at the Cooper Institute, on the 3rd. Inst. to promote the 
raising of volunteers, is received. Nothing would be more grateful 
to my feelings, or better accord with my judgment than to con- 
tribute, if I could, by my presence, or otherwise, to that eminently 
patriotic object. Nevertheless the now early meeting of congress, 
together with a temporary illness, render my attendance impos- 
sible. 

You purpose also to celebrate our Western victories. Freed from 
apprehension of wounding the just sensibilities of brave soldiers 
fighting elsewhere, it would be exceedingly agreeable to me to join 
in a suitable acknowledgment to those of the Great West, with 
whom I was born, and have passed my life. And it is exceedingly 
gratifying that a portion lately of the Army of the Potomac, but 
now serving with the great army of the West, have borne so con- 
spicuous a part in the late brilliant triumphs in Georgia. 

Honor to the Soldier, and Sailor every where, who bravely bears 
his country's cause. Honor also to the citizen who cares for his 
brother in the field, and serves, as he best can, the same cause 
honor to him, only less than to him, who braves, for the common 
good, the storms of heaven and the storms of battle. Your Obt. Servt 

A. LIN co LIST 

1 ADf, DLC-RTL; LS, IHi. The committee's letter of November 28 sp'u-ifii*s 
no more than is paraphrased in Lincoln's reply (DLC-RTL). Lincoln's <Inift 
of this letter is on the back of the same sheet as his memorandum, supra. 

To George G. Meade 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Major General Meade, Washington, December 3, 1863. 

Governor Seymour especially asks that Isaac C. White sentenced 
to death for desertion be reprieved. I wish this done. 

(signed) John Hay, A. LINCOLN. 

a Private Secretary. 

[32] 



DECEMBER 3, 1863 

iCopy, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, MM 1142. This offi- 
cial copy attested by Edward D. Townsend is filed with the court-martial record 
of Private Isaac C. White of the Sixty-first New York Volunteers, sentenced for 
desertion. No further reference has been found. 

To George G. Meade 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Major-General Meade: Washington, December 3, 1863. 

Please suspend execution of Frederick Foster until the record can 
be examined. A. LINCOLN. 

1 Tarbell (Appendix), p. 402. Meade's telegram in reply was received at 2:10 
P.M.: "Your dispatch of today in relation to Private Frederick Foster ninety- 
ninth (ggth) Penna. Volunteers, is received and has been obeyed. The record 
will be forwarded for your action by mail tomorrow." (DLC-RTL). 

To George G. Meade 1 

Major General Meade, [December 3, 1863] 

The sentences in the cases of Brice Birdsill, private, Co. B, 124th 
N.Y. Vols., and Frederick Foster of ggth Penn. Vols. are suspended 
until further orders. Let the records be forwarded at once. 

A. LINCOLN. 

iCopy, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, MM 1147. This official 
copy attested by Edward D. Townsend, filed with court-martial record of Private 
Brice E. Birdsall, is without date, but Meade's reply received at 4:40 P.M. on 
December 3, 1863, establishes the date: "Your dispatch of today in relation to 
Privates Birdsall & Foster is reed. In obedience to a previous dispatch from you 
the sentence in the case of Foster has already been suspended That in the case 
of Birdsall will be suspended & the records forwarded for your action" (DLC- 
RTL). 

Private Frederick Foster remained in service and was discharged on April 22, 
1865. BirdsalFs record was returned to the War Department on April 16, 1864, 
under the order of February 26, 1864, commuting death sentences for deserters 
to imprisonment on the Dry Tortugas. 

To George G. Meade 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Major-General Meade: Washington, December 3, 1863. 

Please suspend execution in case of William A. Gammon, Sev- 
enth Maine, and send record to me. A. 



Send by telegraph and oblige, yours very truly, JOHN HAY. 

1 Tarbell (Appendix) p. 402. Meade replied on December 4: "Your despatch 
of today relating to private W. A. Gammon 7th. Maine is rec'd & will be 
obliged. The record will be forwarded by mail tomorrow for your action." 



DECEMBER 4, 863 

(DLC-RTL). Lincoln returned the record of Gammon's case to the War De- 
partment on April 16, 1864, under the order of February 26, 1864., commuting 
death sentences for deserters to imprisonment on the Dry Tortugas. 

To Mary Todd Lincoln 1 

Mrs. A. Lincoln. Executive Mansion, 

Metropolitan, N.Y. Washington, Dec. 4. 9^ AM, 1863. 

All going well. A LINCOLN 

1 ALS, IHi. The case of varioloid which Lincoln contracted following the 
trip to Gettysburg continued well into December and probably accounts for 
the series of telegrams sent to Mrs. Lincoln, December 4-7. Mrs. Lincoln 
telegraphed on December 4: "Reached here last evening. Very tired and srvero 
headache. Hope to hear you are doing well. Expect a telegraph to-day." 
(Katherine Helm, Mary, Wife of Lincoln, p. 234). 

To Stephen C. Massett 1 

Mr. Stephen C. Massett. Washington, Dec. 4, 1863 

My Dear Sir: Allow me to thank you very cordially for your 
kindness in sending me a copy of your book, "Drifting About." I 
am very truly, Your Obed't Serv't, ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 

1 Tracy, p. 236. Stephen C. Massett, a forty-niner from San Francisco, pub- 
lished "Drifting About"; or, What "Jeems Pipes, of PipesvillcJ 9 Saw-ant! Did 
(New York, 1863), a comic autobiography which Massett delivered as "lec- 
tures," and on one occasion presented in part to President and Mrs. Lincoln at 
the White House (Carpenter, Six Months at the White House, pp. 160-61). 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

December 4, 1 863 

Hon. B. J. Clay and Hon. G. C. Smith present this petition and join 
in it. Therefore let Clifton F. Estill, named within, be dischargocL 
on the conditions stated. A. LINCOT.IST. 

Dec. 4. 1863 

1 AES, RPB. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a petition to Governor 
Bramlette of Kentucky for release of Clifton F. Estill "a prisonor of war at 
Camp Douglas being a private of John Morgan's command captured in Ohio," 
whose mother was "one of the most active Union ladies" in Fayottc County 
signed by numerous citizens and by Brutus J. Clay and Green C." Smith, mem- 
bers of congress. No further reference has been found. 

To Mary Todd Lincoln 1 

Mrs. A. Lincoln Executive Mansion, Washington 

Metropolitan Hotel. New- [York] Dec. 5. 10 A.M. 1863. 

All doing well A. LINCOLN 

IALS, ras. 

[34] 



To Mary Todd Lincoln 1 

Mrs. A Lincoln. Executive Mansion Washington, 

Metropolitan Hotel N.Y. DC. Dec. 6. 1863. 

All doing well A LINCOLN 

1 ALS, IHi. Mrs. Lincoln telegraphed on December 6: "Do let me know im- 
mediately how Taddie and yourself are. I will be home by Tuesday without 
fail; sooner if needed." (Katherine Helm, Mary, Wife of Lincoln, p. 234). 

Announcement of Union Success in Tennessee 1 

Executive Mansion Washington D.C. Dec. 7- 1863 
Reliable information being received that the insurgent force is 
retreating from East Tennessee, under circumstances rendering it 
probable that the Union forces can not hereafter be dislodged from 
that important position; and esteeming this to be of high national 
consequence, I recommend that all loyal people do, on receipt of 
this, informally assemble at their places of worship and tender 
special homage and gratitude to Almighty God, for this great ad- 
vancement of the national cause. A LINCOLN 

1 ADS, MH. This press release probably refers to General Grant's despatch 
to Halleck, 4:30 P.M., December 6, "Dispatch just received from General Foster 
indicates beyond a doubt that Longstreet is retreating toward Virginia. I have 
directed him to be well followed up." (OR, I, XXXI, III, 345). 

To Mary Todd Lincoln 1 

Mrs. A Lincoln Executive Mansion, Washington, 

Metropolitan Hotel, N.Y. Dec. 7. 10/20 AM. 1863. 

All doing well. Tad confidently expects you to-night. When will 
you come? A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, IHi. Mrs. Lincoln replied: "Will leave here positively at 8 a.m. 
Tuesday morning. Have carriage waiting at depot in Washington at 6 p.m. Did 
Tad receive his book. Please answer." (Katherine Helm, Mary, Wife of Lincoln,, 
p. 235). See Lincoln's telegram of 7 P.M., infra. 

To Mary Todd Lincoln 1 

Mrs. A. Lincoln Executive Mansion, Washington, 

Metropolitan Hotel N.Y. Dec. 7. 7 P.M. 1863. 

Tad has received his book. The carriage shall be ready at 6. PM. 
tomorrow. A. LINCOLN 

i ALS, IHi. 

[35] 



Annual Message to Congress 1 

December 8, 1863 
Fellow citizens of the Senate and House of Representatives: 

Another year of health, and of sufficiently abundant harvests has 
passed. For these, and especially for the improved condition of our 
national affairs, our renewed, and profoundest gratitude to God is 
due. 

We remain in peace and friendship with foreign powers. 

The efforts of disloyal citizens of the United States to involve 
us in foreign wars, to aid an inexcusable insurrection, have been 
unavailing. Her Britannic Majesty's government, as was justly 
expected, have exercised their authority to prevent the departure 
of new hostile expeditions from British ports. The Emperor of 
France has, by a like proceeding, promptly vindicated the neutral- 
ity which he proclaimed at the beginning of the contest. Questions 
of great intricacy and importance have arisen out of the blockade, 
and other belligerent operations, between the government and sev- 
eral of the maritime powers, but they have been discussed, and, as 
far as was possible, accommodated in a spirit of frankness, just ice, 
and mutual good will. It is especially gratifying that our pri'/.e 
courts, by the impartiality of their adjudications, have commanded 
the respect and confidence of maritime powers. 

The supplemental treaty between the United States arid Great 
Britain for the suppression of the African slave trade, made on the 
i/th. day of February last, has been duly ratified, and carried into 
execution. 2 It is believed that, so far as American ports and Amer- 
ican citizens are concerned, that inhuman and odious traffic has 
been brought to an end. 

I shall submit, for the consideration of the Senate, a convent inn 
for the adjustment of possessory claims in Washington Territory, 
arising out of the treaty of the 15th. June, 1846, between the 
United States and Great Britain, and which have been the source 

1 DS, DNA RG 233, Thirty-eighth Congress, First Session, House of Repre- 
sentatives Executive Document No. i; ADf (partial), DLC-IVTL. The prelim- 
inary draft, partly in Lincoln's autograph but incomplete and differing from 
the official signed copy in numerous instances, indicates that considerable re- 
vision took place before the official copy was made. No intervening draft or 
copy, however, has been located. The official copy generally follows the draft 
in matters of style but differs in order of passages and in portions which were 
added later than the text of the draft. There are also certain passages in the 
draft which were omitted in the official copy and in the printed text. (Thirty- 
eighth Congress, First Session, House of Representatives Executive Document 
No. *). These omitted passages have been given in succeeding footnotes, as they 
occur. For the various reports of cabinet members submitted with this message 
and to which Lincoln makes repeated reference, see Executive Document >\o. i. 

2 See Lincoln's communication to the Senate, February 18, supra. 

[36] 



DECEMBER 8, 863 

of some disquiet among the citizens of that now rapidly improving 
part of the country. 8 

A novel and important question, involving the extent of the 
maritime jurisdiction of Spain in the waters which surround the 
island of Cuba, has been debated without reaching an agreement, 
and it is proposed in an amicable spirit to refer it to the arbitrament 
of a friendly power. A convention for that purpose will be sub- 
mitted to the Senate. 4 

I have thought it proper, subject to the approval of the Senate, 
to concur with the interested commercial powers in an arrange- 
ment for the liquidation of the Scheldt dues upon the principles 
which have been heretofore adopted in regard to the imposts upon 
navigation in the waters of Denmark. 5 

The long pending controversy between this government and that 
of Chili touching the seizure at Sitana, in Peru, by Chilian officers, 
of a large amount in treasure belonging to citizens of the United 
States, has been brought to a close by the award of His Majesty, 
the King of the Belgians, to whose arbitration the question was re- 
ferred by the parties. 6 The subject was thoroughly and patiently 
examined by that justly respected magistrate, and although the 
sum awarded to the claimants may not have been as large as they 
expected, there is no reason to distrust the wisdom of his Majesty's 
decision. That decision was promptly complied with by Chili, when 
intelligence in regard to it reached that country. 

The joint commission, under the act of the last session, for carry- 
ing into effect the convention with Peru on the subject of claims, 
has been organized at Lima, and is engaged in the business in- 
trusted to it. 7 

Difficulties concerning inter-oceanic transit through Nicaragua 
are in course of amicable adjustment. 8 

In conformity with principles set forth in my last annual mes- 
sage, I have received a representative from the United States of 
Colombia, and have accredited a minister to that republic. 9 

3 See Lincoln's communication to the Senate, December 1 7, infra. 

4 No convention seems to have been submitted. The current dispute arose 
when the U.S.S. Reaney was stopped six miles out of Havana by a Spanish 
warship on January 23, 1863. 

5 See Lincoln's communication to the Senate, December 22, infra. 

6 See Lincoln's letter to Leopold, June 13, supra. 

7 See Lincoln's communication to the Senate, February 5, supra. 

8 The Nicaraguan revolution of 1863 had increased existing difficulties of 
transit across the Isthmus of Panama on the inter-ocean route from New York 
to California and return. 

9 Following the revolution in 1863, New Granada became the United States 
of Colombia. Eustorgio Salgar was accredited minister to the United States, and 
Allen A. Burton, U.S. minister to Colombia. 

[37] 



DECEMBER 8, 1863 

Incidents occurring in the progress of our civil war have forced 
upon my attention the uncertain state of international questions, 
touching the rights of foreigners in this country and of United 
States citizens abroad. 10 In regard to some governments these 
rights are at least partially defined by treaties. In no instance, how- 
ever, is it expressly stipulated that, in the event of civil war, a 
foreigner residing in this country, within the lines of the insur- 
gents, is to be exempted from the rule which classes him as a 
belligerent, in whose behalf the government of his country cannot 
expect any privileges or immunities distinct from that character. 
I regret to say, however, that such claims have been put forward, 
and, in some instances, in behalf of foreigners who have lived in 
the United States the greater part of their lives. 

There is reason to believe that many persons born in foreign 
countries, who have declared their intention to become citizens, or 
who have been fully naturalized, have evaded the military duty 
required of them by denying the fact, and thereby throwing upon 
the government the burden of proof. It has been found difficult or 
impracticable to obtain this proof from the want of guides to the 
proper sources of information. These might be supplied by requir- 
ing clerks of courts, where declarations of intention may be rnado 
or naturalizations effected, to send, periodically., lists of the names 
of the persons naturalized, or declaring their intention to become 
citizens, to the Secretary of the Interior, in whose department those 
names might be arranged and printed for general information. 

There is also reason to believe that foreigners frequently become 
citizens of the United States for the sole purpose of evading duties 
imposed by the laws of their native countries, to which, on becom- 
ing naturalized here, they at once repair, and though never re- 
turning to the United States, they still claim the interposition of 
this government as citizens. Many altercations and great prejudices 
have heretofore arisen out of this abuse. It is therefore, submitted to 
your serious consideration. It might be advisable to fix a limit, be- 
yond which no Citizen of the United States residing abroad may 
claim the interposition of his government. 11 

The right of suffrage has often been assumed and exercised by 
aliens, under pretences of naturalization, which they have dis- 
avowed when drafted into the military service. I submit the ex- 
pediency of such an amendment of the law as will make the fact 
of voting an estoppel against any plea of exemption from military 

10 See Lincoln's proclamation of May 8, supra. 

11 No action on this suggestion seems to have been taken by this session of 
congress. 

[38] 



DECEMBER 8, 1863 
service, or other civil obligation, on the ground of alienage. 12 

In common with other western powers, our relations with Japan 
have been brought into serious jeopardy, through the perverse op- 
position of the hereditary aristocracy of the empire, to the enlight- 
ened and liberal policy of the Tycoon designed to bring the country 
into the society of nations. It is hoped, although not with entire 
confidence, that these difficulties may be peacefully overcome. I 
ask your attention to the claim of the Minister residing there for 
the damages he sustained in the destruction by fire of the residence 
of the legation at Yedo. 13 

Satisfactory 14 arrangements have been made with the Emperor 
of Russia, which, it is believed, will resxilt in effecting a continuous 
line of telegraph through that empire from our Pacific coast. 15 

I recommend to your favorable consideration the subject of an 
international telegraph across the Atlantic ocean; and also of a 
telegraph between this capital and the national forts along the At- 
lantic seaboard and the Gulf of Mexico. 10 Such communications, 
established with any reasonable outlay, would be economical as 
well as effective aids to the diplomatic, military, and naval service. 

The consular system of the United States, under the enactments 
of the last Congress, begins to be self -sustaining; 17 and there is 

12 An act to amend the "act for enrolling and calling out the National Forces" 
of March 3, 1863, approved February 24, 1864, provided that no person of 
foreign birth should be exempted from the enrollment who had held office or 
voted in any election held under the laws of a state or territory. 

13 The American legation at Yedo was destroyed by fire on May 24, 1863. 
Incendiarism was suspected. On September i, 1863, Secretary Seward directed 
Robert H. Pruyn, minister to Japan, to submit losses by himself and his staff. 
No action seems to have been taken at this session of congress. 

14 Deleted from the message before the official copy was made, the following 
passage appears in tho preliminary draft, just preceding this sentence: "There 
are indications that the establishment of commercial steam lines of communica- 
tion with the ports of Spanish America and Brazil, would be rewarded with a 
large increase of commerce; and the growth of strong, sincere and reliable 
national attachments throughout the States of Central and Southern America. 
The policy, though less essential, might be advantageously extended to the com- 
mercial states of Western Europe." 

ir> An act approved July i, 1864, "to facilitate Telegraphic communication 
botweoii the Eastern and Western Continents," gave to Perry M. Collins of 
California the right to construct lines north to Canada and authorized the Army 
and Navy to aid Collins' concern, the Russian and American Telegraph Com- 
pany, chartered to construct a line from the Amur River across the Bering Sea 
and to San Francisco. 

16 The act approved June 15, 1864, for Army appropriations, provided 
$27^,000 for construction, extension, and operation of the telegraph. 

IT Lincoln may refer to the act of March 3, 1863, "to prevent and punish 
frauds upon the? revenue," which stipulated that all goods exported to the U.S. 
must be invoiced and a certificate issued by the consul at the port from which 
shipment was made, thereby increasing collection of import duties. 

[39] 



DECEMBER 8, 1863 

reason to hope that it may become entirely so, with the increase of 
trade which will ensue whenever peace is restored. Our ministers 
abroad have been faithful in defending American rights. In pro- 
tecting commercial interests, our Consuls have necessarily had to 
encounter increased labors and responsibilities, growing out of the 
war. These they have, for the most part, met and discharged with 
zeal and efficiency. This acknowledgment justly includes those Con- 
suls who, residing in Morocco, Egypt, Turkey, Japan, China, and 
other oriental countries, are charged with complex functions and 
extraordinary powers. 

The condition of the several organized Territories is generally 
satisfactory, although Indian disturbances in New Mexico have 
not been entirely suppressed. The mineral resources of Colorado, 
Nevada, Idaho, New Mexico, and Arizona are proving far richer 
than has been heretofore understood. I lay before you a communi- 
cation on this subject from the governor of New Mexico. 1 * I again 
submit to your consideration the expediency of establishing a sys- 
tem for the encouragement of immigration. Although this source 
of national wealth and strength is again flowing with greater free- 
dom than for several years before the insurrection occurred, there 
is still a great deficiency of laborers in every field of industry, es- 
pecially in agriculture and in our mines, as well of iron and roal 
as of the precious metals. While the demand for labor is thus in- 
creased here, tens of thousands of persons, destitute of remunera- 
tive occupation, are thronging our foreign consulates, and offering 
to emigrate to the United States if essential, but very cheap, assist- 
ance can be afforded them. It is easy to see that, under the sharp 
discipline of civil war, the nation is beginning a new life. This rmMe 
effort demands the aid, and ought to receive the attention ami sup- 
port of the government. 19 

Injuries, unforseen by the government and unintended, may. 
in some cases, have been inflicted on the subjects or riti/.ens of 
foreign countries, both at sea and on land, by persons in the service 
of the United States. As this government expects redress f mm other 
powers when similar injuries are inflicted by persons in their serv- 
ice upon citizens of the United States, we must be prepared to do 
justice to foreigners. If the existing judicial tribunals are inade- 
quate to this purpose, a special court may be authorized, with 
power to hear and decide such claims of the character referred to 
as may have arisen under treaties and the public law. Conventions 

18 On August 23, 1863, Governor Henry Connelly of Now Mexico Territory 
reported to Secretary Seward on the discovery of gold fields in Arizona 
"An act to encourage immigration was approved on July .j., iS6.j,. 

[40] 



DECEMBER 8, 1863 

for adjusting the claims by joint commission have been proposed 
to some governments, but no definitive answer to the proposition 
has yet been received from any. 

In the course of the session I shall probably have occasion to re- 
quest you to provide indemnification to claimants where decrees 
of restitution have been rendered, and damages awarded by ad- 
miralty courts; and in other cases where this government may 
be acknowledged to be liable in principle, and where the amount of 
that liability has been ascertained by an informal arbitration. 

The proper officers of the treasury have deemed themselves re- 
quired, by the law of the United States upon the subject, to demand 
a tax upon the incomes of foreign consuls in this country. While 
such a demand may not, in strictness, be in derogation of public 
law, or perhaps of any existing treaty between the United States 
and a foreign country, the expediency of so far modifying the act 
as to exempt from tax the income of such consuls as are not citizens 
of the United States, derived from the emoluments of their office, 
or from property not situated in the United States, is submitted to 
your serious consideration. 20 I make this suggestion upon the 
ground that a comity which ought to be reciprocated exempts our 
Consuls, in all other countries, from taxation to the extent thus in- 
dicated. The United States, I think, ought not to be exceptionally 
illiberal to international trade and commerce. 

The operations of the treasury during the last year have been 
successfully conducted. The enactment by Congress of a national 
banking law 21 has proved a valuable support of the public credit; 
and the general legislation in relation to loans has fully answered 
the expectations of its favorers. Some amendments may be re- 
quired to perfect existing laws; but no change in their principles 
or general scope is believed to be needed. 

Since these measures have been in operation, all demands on the 
treasury, including the pay of the army and navy, have been 
promptly met and fully satisfied. No considerable body of troops, 
it is believed, were ever more amply provided, and more liberally 
and punctually paid; and it may be added that by no people were 
the burdens incident to a great war ever more cheerfully borne. 

The receipts during the year from all sources, including loans 
and the balance in the treasury at its commencement, were 
$901,125,674 86, and the aggregate disbursements $895,796,630.65, 
leaving a balance on the ist. July, 1863, of $5,329,044.21. Of the 

20 Section 8 of the act "to increase the Internal Revenue," approved on March 
7, 1864, provided exemption for foreign consuls. 

21 The act of February 25, 1863. 

[41] 



DECEMBER 8, 1863 

receipts there were derived from customs, $69,059,642.40; from 
internal revenue, $37,640,787.95; from direct tax, $1,485,103.61; 
from lands, $167,617.17; from miscellaneous sources, $3,046,615.- 
35; and from loans, $776,682,361.57; making the aggregate, $901,- 
125,674.86. Of the disbursements there were for the civil service, 
$23,253,922.08; for pensions and Indians, $4,216,520.79; for in- 
terest on public debt, $24,729,846.5 1; 22 for the War Department, 
$599,298,600.83; for the Navy Department, $63,211,105.27; for 
payment of funded and temporary debt, $181,086,635.07; making 
the aggregate, $895,796,630.65, and leaving the balance of $5,329*- 
044.21. But the payment of funded and temporary debt, having 
been made from moneys borrowed during the year, must be re- 
garded as merely nominal payments, and the moneys borrowed to 
make them as merely nominal receipts; and their amount, $181,- 
086,635 07, should therefore be deducted both from receipts and 
disbursements. This being done, there remains as actual receipts 
$720,039,039.79; and the actual disbursements, $7i4?709r99'5-58, 
leaving the balance as already stated. 

The actual receipts and disbursements for the first qxiarter, and 
the estimated receipts and disbursements for the remaining three 
quarters, of the current fiscal year, 1864, will be shown in detail 
by the report of the Secretary of the Treasury, to which I invite 
your attention. It is sufficient to say here that it is not believed that 
actual results will exhibit a state of the finances less favorable to 
the country than the estimates of that officer heretofore submitted; 
while it is confidently expected that at the close of the year both 
disbursements and debt will be found very considerably less than 
has been anticipated. 

The report of the Secretary of War is a document of great inter- 
est. It consists of 

1. The military operations of the year, detailed in the report of 
the general-in-chief. 

2. The organization of colored persons into the war service. 

3. The exchange of prisoners, fully set forth in the letter of Gen- 
eral Hitchcock. 

4. The operations under the act for enrolling and calling out 
the national forces, detailed in the report of the provost marshal 
general. 

5. The organization of the invalid corps; and 

6. The operation of the several departments of the quartermaster 
general, commissary general, paymaster general, chief of engi- 
neers, chief of ordnance, and surgeon general. 

22 This figure reads "$24.729.846.61" in the preliminary draft. 

[42] 



DECEMBER 8, 1863 

It has appeared impossible to make a valuable summary of this 
report except such as would be too extended for this place, and 
hence I content myself by asking your careful attention to the re- 
port itself. 23 

The duties devolving on the naval branch of the service during 
the year, and throughout the whole of this unhappy contest, have 
been discharged with fidelity and eminent success. The extensive 
blockade has been constantly increasing in efficiency, as the navy 
has expanded; yet on so long a line it has so far been impossible to 
entirely suppress illicit trade. From returns received at the Navy 
Department, it appears that more than one thousand vessels have 
been captured since the blockade was instituted, and that the value 
of prizes already sent in for adjudication amounts to over thirteen 
millions of dollars. 

The naval force of the United States consists at this time of five 
hundred and eighty-eight vessels, completed and in the course of 
completion, and of these seventy-five are iron-clad or armored 
steamers. 24 The events of the -war give an increased interest and 
importance to the navy which will probably extend beyond the 
war itself. 

The armored vessels in our navy completed and in service, or 
which are under contract and approaching completion, are believed 
to exceed in number those of any other power. But while these may 
be relied upon for harbor defence and coast service, others of 
greater strength and capacity will be necessary for cruising pur- 
poses, and to maintain our rightful position on the ocean. 

The change that has taken place in naval vessels and naval war- 
fare, since the introduction of steam as a motive-power for ships-of- 
war, demands either a corresponding change in some of our existing 
navy yards, or the establishment of new ones, for the construction 
and necessary repair of modern naval vessels. No inconsider- 

28 See House of Representatives Executive Document No. * 9 V, 3-510. 

24 The next sentence replaced a long passage in the preliminary draft -which 
read as follows: "As this government is destined to occupy a leading position 
among maratirne powers it is a primary duty to provide the means and adequate 
establishments for a navy commensurate with its wants. The improvements 
which have been made in naval architecture and naval armament, and the 
services which the new class of vessels have already rendered and are destined 
hereafter to perform are among the marked events which have their origin in 
the exigencies of the war and the necessities of the times. Other governments 
have been making large expenditures for years in experiments -with a view to 
attain naval supremacy, but the condition of the country and the emergencies 
of the period have stimulated the inventive genius of our countrymen into 
great activity, and the Navy Department, successfully availing itself of what 
was useful, has applied with effect the novel principles which modern in- 
ventions and improvements have developed." 

[43] 



DECEMBER 8, 863 

able embarrassment, delay, and public injury have been ex- 
perienced from the want of such governmental establishments. The 
necessity of such a navy yard, so furnished, at some suitable place 
upon the Atlantic seaboard, has on repeated occasions been brought 
to the attention of Congress by the Navy Department, and is again 
presented in the report of the Secretary which accompanies this 
communication. I think it my duty to invite your special attention 
to this subject, and also to that of establishing a yard and depot 
for naval purposes upon one of the western rivers. 25 A naval force 
has been created on those interior waters, and under many disad- 
vantages, within little more than two years, exceeding in numbers 
the whole naval force of the country at the commencement of the 
present administration. Satisfactory and important as have been 
the performances of the heroic men of the navy at this interesting 
period, they are scarcely more wonderful than the success of our 
mechanics and artisans in the production of war vessels which has 
created a new form of naval power. 

Our country has advantages superior to any other nation in our 
resources of iron and timber, with inexhaustible quantities of fuel 
in the immediate vicinity of both, and all available and in close 
proximity to navigable waters. Without the advantage of public 
works the resources of the nation have been developed and its 
power displayed in the construction of a navy of such magnitude 
which has, at the very period of its creation, rendered signal service 
to the Union. 

The increase of the number of seamen in the public service, from 
seven thousand five hundred men, in the spring of 1861, to about 
thirty four thousand at the present time has been accomplished 
without special legislation, or extraordinary bovmties to promote 
that increase. It has been found, however, that the operation of 
the draft, with the high bounties paid for army recruits, is be- 
ginning to affect injuriously the naval service, and will, if not cor- 
rected, be likely to impair its efficiency, by detaching seamen from 
their proper vocation and inducing them to enter the Army.- I 

25 Several resolutions on the subject of navy yards failed of adoption, but a 
joint resolution approved on June 30, 1864, authorized the secretary of the rinvy 
to appoint a commission to select a site for a navy yard on the Mississippi and 
to report to congress. 

20 The next sentence replaced a long passage in the preliminary draft which 
read as follows: It is of paramount importance that the naval service which 
must always give strength and renown to the Union, should bo cherished and 
sustained. I therefore think it proper to authorise mariners or professional sea- 
men who may enlist under the late call for 300,000 volunteers to ontor th< 
naval or army service at their election; and in view of the exactions which 
may be made upon the maratime communities, if compelled to furnish the full 

[44] 



DECEMBER 8, 863 

therefore respectfully suggest that Congress might aid both the 
army and naval services by a definite provision on this subject, 
which would at the same time be equitable to the communities 
more especially interested. 27 

I commend to your consideration the suggestions of the Secretary 
of the Navy in regard to the policy of fostering and training sea- 
men, 28 and also the education of officers and engineers for the 
naval service. The Naval Academy is rendering signal service in 
preparing midshipmen for the highly responsible duties which in 
after life they will be required to perform. In order that the 
country should not be deprived of the proper quota of educated 
officers, for which legal provision has been made at the naval 
school, the vacancies caused by the neglect or omission to make 
nominations from the States in insurrection have been filled by the 
Secretary of the Navy. 

The school is now more full and complete than at any former 
period, and in every respect entitled to the favorable consideration 
of Congress. 29 

During the past fiscal year the financial condition of the Post 

complement of army recruits in addition to those of their citizens who may 
enter the navy, I [respectfully (?)] suggest that the townships and states should 
each be credited on their respective quotas with the number who may hereafter 
enter the navy. If in the judgment of congress any further legislation be needed 
to authorise this policy and give it effect, then I recommend such legislative 
action." 

27 Section 9 of the act to amend the enrollment act of March 3, 1863, ap- 
proved on February 24, 1864, provided that navy and marine enlistments be 
credited to the locality of enrollment as part of the draft quota. 

28 See House of Representatives Executive Document No. i, IV, xviii-xx. Sec- 
retary Welles suggested that steam engineering be a part of every officer's 
training and that a special class be set up at Annapolis to provide two years' 
training for a class of officers to be third assistant engineers. 

29 An additional paragraph appears in the preliminary draft as follows: "The 
depredations committed upon American commerce by a class of semi piratical 
vessels, built, armed and manned abroad, and with no recognised nationality, 
have naturally excited our countrymen, and sometimes even seemed likely to 
endanger our friendly relations with other countries. From the protection and 
assistance extended to them by governments which recognised the insurgents as 
belligerents and equals, and entitled to all the privilieges of the public national 
vessels of the United States, these predatory rovers have as yet escaped our 
cruisers, and are capturing and destroying our merchant vessels upon the high 
seas without sending them in to any port for adjudication. The general policy 
of nations in the interest of peace and the moral sentiment of mankind are 
averse to such lawless proceedings. Governments seem disposed to discounte- 
nance the conduct of those who, without a country or port to which they can 
resort, are depredating on the peaceful commerce of a country with which those 
governments are in amity. The action recently taken by them indicates a deter- 
mination to permit no armed vessel with hostile preparation and purpose against 
our commerce and people to go forth from their shores. These manifestations 
have, I trust, tranquilized whatever excitement may have at any time existed.'* 

[45] 



DECEMBER 8, 1863 

office Department has been one of increasing prosperity, and I am 
gratified in being able to state that the actual postal revenue has 
nearly equalled the entire expenditures; the latter amounting to 
$11,314,206.84, and the former to $11,163,789 59, leaving a de- 
ficiency of but $150,417 25. In 1860, the year immediately preced- 
ing the rebellion the deficiency amounted to $5,656,705 49, tho 
postal receipts of that year being $2,645,722 19 less than those of 
1863. The decrease since i8bo in the annual amount of transporta- 
tion has been only about 25 per cent, but the annual expenditure 
on account of the same has been reduced 35 per cent. It is manifest, 
therefore, that the Post Office Department may become self-sustain- 
ing in a few years, even with the restoration of the whole service. 

The international conference of postal delegates from the prin- 
cipal countries of Europe and America, which was called at the 
suggestion of the Postmaster General, met at Paris on the i ith of 
May last, and concluded its deliberations on the 8th of June. The 
principles established by the conference as best adapted to facili- 
tate postal intercourse between nations, and as the basis of future 
postal conventions, inaugurate a general system of uniform inter- 
national charges, at reduced rates of postage, and cannot fail to 
produce beneficial results. 80 

I refer you to the report of the Secretary of the Interior, which is 
herewith laid before you, for useful and varied information in re- 
lation to the public lands, Indian affairs, patents, pensions, and 
other matters of public concern pertaining to his department/ 11 

The quantity of land disposed of during the last and the first 
quarter of the present fiscal years was three million eight hundred 
and forty one thousand five hundred and forty nine acres, of which 
one hundred and sixty one thousand nine hundred and eleven 
acres were sold for cash, one million four hundred and fifty six 
thousand five hundred and fourteen acres were taken up under the 
homestead law, and the residue disposed of under laws granting 
lands for military bounties, for railroad and other purposes. It also 
appears that the sale of the public lands is largely on the in- 
crease. 

It has long been a cherished opinion of some of our wisest states- 
men that the people of the United States had a higher and more 
enduring interest in the early settlement and substantial cultiva- 
tion of the public lands than in the amount of direct revenue to be 
derived from the sale of them. This opinion has had a controlling 
influence in shaping legislation upon the subject of our national 

80 See House of Representatives Executive Document No t V 
81 III. ' * 

[46] 



DECEMBER 8, 1863 

domain. I may cite, as evidence of this, the liberal measures 
adopted in reference to actual settlers; the grant to the States of 
the overflowed lands within their limits in order to their being re- 
claimed and rendered fit for cultivation; the grants to railway 
companies of alternate sections of land upon the contemplated lines 
of their roads which, when completed, will so largely multiply the 
facilities for reaching our distant possessions. This policy has re- 
ceived its most signal and beneficent illustration in the recent 
enactment granting homesteads to actual settlers. 

Since the first day of January last the before-mentioned quan- 
tity of one million four hundred and fifty-six thousand five hun- 
dred and fourteen acres of land have been taken up under its pro- 
visions. This fact and the amount of sales furnish gratifying 
evidence of increasing settlement upon the public lands, notwith- 
standing the great struggle in which the energies of the nation have 
been engaged, and which has required so large a withdrawal of 
our citizens from their accustomed pursuits. I cordially concur in 
the recommendation of the Secretary of the Interior suggesting a 
modification of the act in favor of those engaged in the military 
and naval service of the United States. I doubt not that Congress 
will cheerfully adopt such measures as will, without essentially 
changing the general features of the system, secure to the greatest 
practicable extent, its benefits to those who have left their homes in 
the defence of the country in this arduous crisis. 32 

I invite your attention to the views of the Secretary as to the 
propriety of raising by appropriate legislation a revenue from the 
mineral lands of the United States. 33 

The measures provided at your last session for the removal of 
certain Indian tribes have been carried into effect. Sundry treaties 
have been negotiated which will, in due time, be submitted for the 
constitutional action of the Senate. They contain stipulations for 
extinguishing the possessory rights of the Indians to large and 
valuable tracts of land. It is hoped that the effect of these treaties 
will result in the establishment of permanent friendly relations 

32 Section i of "An act amendatory of the Homestead Law" approved on 
March 21, 1864, provided that men in the armed services could make affidavit 
before a commissioned officer of the service, that wives or other relatives resid- 
ing on land to be entered might file the affidavit with the register, and extended 
the time for filing in cases where men were called from actual settlement to 
enter the service. 

33 See House of Representatives Executive Document No. * 9 III, iv, for the 
suggestion of a small tax on net profits of gold and silver mines. An act 
amendatory to the internal revenue act of June 30, 1864, approved on March 
3, 1865, provided for a license fee of ten dollars on all who employed others 
in mining, but no profits tax seems to have been levied. 

[47] 



DECEMBER 8, 1863 

with such of these tribes as have been brought into frequent and 
bloody collision with our outlying settlements and emigrants. 

Sound policy and our imperative duty to these wards of tho 
government demand our anxious and constant attention to their 
material well-being, to their progress in the arts of civilisation, 
and, above all, to that moral training which, under the blessing 
of Divine Providence, will confer upon them the elevated and 
sanctifying influences, the hopes and consolation of the Christum 
faith. 

I suggested in my last annual message the propriety of remodel- 
ling our Indian system. Subsequent events have satisfied me of its 
necessity. The details set forth in the report of the Secretary evince 
the urgent need for immediate legislative action. 34 

I commend the benevolent institutions, established or patronised 
by the government in this District, to your generous and fostering 
care. 

The attention of Congress, during the last session, was ongnged 
to some extent with a proposition for enlarging the water commu- 
nication between the Mississippi river and the northeastern sea- 
board, which proposition, however, failed for the time. Since ilum, 
upon a call of the greatest respectability a convention has been held 
at Chicago upon the same subject, a summary of whoso views is 
contained in a memorial addressed to the President and Congress, 
and which I now have the honor to lay before you. That this in- 
terest is one which, ere long, will force its own way, T do not en- 
tertain a doubt, while it is submitted entirely to your wisdom as to 
what can be done now. 35 Augmented interest is given to this subject 
by the actual commencement of work upon the Pacific railroad. 
under auspices so favorable to rapid progress and completion. The 
enlarged navigation becomes a palpable need to the great road. 

I transmit the second annual report of the Coinmissimier of I he 
Department of Agriciilture, asking your attention to the develop- 
ments in that vital interest of the nation. 

When 86 Congress assembled a year ago the war had already 

84 Bills introduced by Alexander Ramsey in the Senate (April 29, ififi.f.) ami 
by William Windom in the House (January 29, 1864.) foiled to become law. 

85 No action was taken. A resolution introduced in tho House by Isaac N. 
Arnold on December 16, 1863, calling for the printing of 10.000 cop IPS of tlu- 
Memorial from the National Canal Convention, was defeated on I')trombi*r -2. 

86 The preliminary draft is in Lincoln's autograph from this point on. Al- 
though the draft is incomplete, we infer that the remainder of the message was 
Lincoln s composition, while the preceding portions wore originally pn>pan-<l 
by the various members of the cabinet, with the exception of tho np^niu-- par-*- 
graph, which does not appear in the draft, and which was probnblv composed 
by Lincoln. ' * ' 

[48] 



DECEMBER 8, 1863 

lasted nearly twenty months, and there had been many conflicts 
on both land and sea, with varying results. 

The rebellion had been pressed back into reduced limits; yet the 
tone of public feeling and opinion, at home and abroad, was not 
satisfactory. With other signs, the popular elections, then just past, 
indicated uneasiness among ourselves, while amid much that was 
cold and menacing the kindest words coming from Europe were 
uttered in accents of pity, that we were too blind to surrender a 
hopeless cause. Our commerce was suffering greatly by a few armed 
vessels built upon and furnished from foreign shores, and we were 
threatened with such additions from the same quarter as would 
sweep our trade from the sea and raise our blockade. We had failed 
to elicit from European governments anything hopeful upon this 
subject. The preliminary emancipation proclamation, issued in 
September, was running its assigned period to the beginning of the 
new year. A month later the final proclamation came, including 
the announcement that colored men of suitable condition would be 
received into the war service. The policy of emancipation, and of 
employing black soldiers, gave to the future a new aspect, about 
which hope, and fear, and doubt contended in uncertain conflict. 
According to our political system, as a matter of civil administra- 
tion, the general government had no lawful power to effect eman- 
cipation in any State, and for a long time it had been hoped that 
the rebellion could be suppressed without resorting to it as a mili- 
tary measure. It was all the while deemed possible that the neces- 
sily for it might come, and that if it should, the crisis of the contest 
would then be presented. It came, and as was anticipated, it was 
followed by dark and doubtful days. Eleven months having now 
passed, we are permitted to take another review. The rebel borders 
are pressed still further back, and by the complete opening of the 
Mississippi the country dominated by the rebellion is divided into 
distinct parts, with no practical communication between them. 
Tennessee and Arkansas have been substantially cleared of insur- 
gent control, and influential citizens in each, owners of slaves and 
advocates of slavery at the beginning of the rebellion, now declare 
openly for emancipation in their respective States. Of those States 
not included in the emancipation proclamation, Maryland, and 
Missouri, neither of which three years ago would tolerate any 
restraint upon the extension of slavery into new territories, only 
dispute now as to the best mode of removing it within their own 
limits. 

Of those who were slaves at the beginning of the rebellion, full 
one hundred thousand are now in the United States military serv- 

[49] 



DECEMBER 8, 1863 

ice, about one-half of which number actually bear arms in the 
rants; thus giving the double advantage of taking so much labor 
from the insurgent cause, and supplying the places which other- 
wise must be filled with so many white men. So far as tested, it is 
difficult to say they are not as good soldiers as any. No servile in- 
surrection, or tendency to violence or cruelty, has marked the 
measures of emancipation and arming the blacks. These measures 
have been much discussed in foreign countries, and contemporary 
with such discussion the tone of public sentiment there is much im- 
proved. 37 At home the same measures have been fully discussed, 
supported, criticised, and denounced, and the annual elections fol- 
lowing are highly encouraging to those whose official duty it is to 
bear the country through this great trial. Thus we have the new 
reckoning. The crisis which threatened to divide the friends of the 
Union is past. 

Looking now to the present and future, and with reference to a 
resumption of the national authority within the States wherein 
that authority has been suspended, I have thought fit to issue a 
proclamation, a copy of which is herewith transmitted. 38 On ex- 
amination of this proclamation it will appear, as is believed, that 
nothing is attempted beyond what is amply justified by the Con- 
stitution. True, the form of an oath is given, but no man is coerced 
to take it. The man is only promised a pardon in case he volun- 
tarily takes the oath. The Constitution authorizes the Executive to 
grant or withhold the pardon at his own absolute discretion; arid 
this includes the power to grant on terms, as is fully established by 
judicial and other authorities. 

It is also proffered that if, in any of the States named, a State 
government shall be, in the mode prescribed, set up, such govern- 
ment shall be recognized and guarantied by the United States, and 
that under it the State shall, on the constitutional conditions, be 
protected against invasion and domestic violence. The constitu- 
tional obligation of the United States to guaranty to every State in 
the Union a republican form of government, and to protect the 
State, in the cases stated, is explicit and full. But why tender the 
benefits of this provision only to a State government set up in this 
particular way? This section of the Constitution contemplates a 
case wherein the element within a State, favorable to republican 

37 The preliminary draft includes at this point the following sentence- "The 
governments of England and France have prevented war vessels, built on their 
shores to be used against us, from sailing thence." 

88 See Lincoln's proclamation of December 8, infra. 

[50] 



DECEMBER 8, 1863 

government, in the Union, may be too feeble for an opposite and 
hostile element external to, or even within the State; and such are 
precisely the cases with which we are now dealing. 

An attempt to guaranty and protect a revived State government, 
constructed in whole, or in preponderating part, from the very 
element against whose hostility and violence it is to be protected, is 
simply absurd. There must be a test by which to separate the op- 
posing elements, so as to build only from the sound; and that test 
is a sufficiently liberal one, which accepts as sound whoever will 
make a sworn recantation of his former unsoundness. 

But if it be proper to require, as a test of admission to the po- 
litical body, an oath of allegiance to the Constitution of the United 
States, and to the Union under it, why also to the laws and procla- 
mations in regard to slavery? Those laws and proclamations were 
enacted and put forth for the purpose of aiding in the suppression 
of the rebellion. To give them their fullest effect, there had to be a 
pledge for their maintenance. In my judgment they have aided, 
and will further aid, the cause for which they were intended. To 
now abandon them would be not only to relinquish a lever of 
power, but would also be a cruel and an astounding breach of faith. 
I 30 may add at this point, that while I remain in my present posi- 
tion I shall not attempt to retract or modify the emancipation 
proclamation; nor shall I return to slavery any person who is free 
by the terms of that proclamation, or by any of the acts of Congress. 
For these and other reasons it is thought best that support of these 
measures shall be included in the oath; and it is believed the Ex- 
ecutive may lawfully claim it in return for pardon and restoration 
of forfeited rights, which he has clear constitutional power to with- 
hold altogether, or grant upon the terms which he shall deem 
wisest for the public interest. It should be observed, also, that this 
part of the oath is subject to the modifying and abrogating power 
of legislation and supreme judicial decision. 

The proposed acquiescence of the national Executive in any 
reasonable temporary State arrangement for the freed people is 
made with the view of possibly modifying the confusion and desti- 
tution which rmist, at best, attend all classes by a total revolution of 
labor throughout whole States. It is hoped that the already deeply 
afflicted people in those States may be somewhat more ready to 
give up the cause of their affliction, if, to this extent, this vital 
matter be left to themselves; while no power of the national Exe- 
cutive to prevent an abuse is abridged by the proposition. 
39 This sentence is not in the preliminary draft. 

[51] 

4.4 



DECEMBER 8, 1863 

The 40 suggestion in the proclamation as to maintaining the po- 
litical framework of the States on what is called reconstruction, is 
made in the hope that it may do good without danger of harm. It 
will save labor and avoid great confusion. 

But why any proclamation now upon this subject? This question 
is beset with the conflicting views that the step might be delayed 
too long or be taken too soon. In some States the elements for re- 
sumption seem ready for action, but remain inactive, apparently 
for want of a rallying point a plan of action. Why shall A adopt 
the plan of B, rather than B that of A? And if A and B should 
agree, how can they know but that the general government here 
will reject their plan? By the proclamation a plan is presented 
which may be accepted by them as a rallying point, and which they 
are assured in advance will not be rejected here. This may bring 
them to act sooner than they otherwise would. 

The objections to a premature presentation of a plan by the na- 
tional Executive consists in the danger of committals on points 
which could be more safely left to further developments. Care has 
been taken to so shape the document as to avoid embarrassments 
from this source. Saying that, on certain terms, certain classes will 
be pardoned, with rights restored, it is not said that other classes, 
or other terms, will never be included. Saying that reconstruction 
will be accepted if presented in a specified way, it is not said it- 
will never be accepted in any other way. 41 

The movements, by State action, for emancipation in several 
of the States, not included in the emancipation proclamation, are 
matters of profound gratulation. And while I do not repent in de- 
tail what I have hertofore so earnestly urged upon this subject, my 
general views and feelings remain xmchanged; and I trust that 
Congress will omit no fair opportunity of aiding these important 
steps to a great consummation. 

In the midst of other cares, however important, we must not 
lose sight of the fact that the war power is still our main reliance. 
To that power alone can we look, yet for a time, to give confidence 

40 This paragraph was revised by Lincoln from a longer paragraph in the 
preliminary draft as follows: "The suggestion in the proclamation, ns to main- 
taining the general old frame-work of the States, on what is called re-rori- 
struction, is made in the hope that it may do good, without danger of harm. 
The question whether these States have continued to be States in the Union, or 
have become territories, out of it, seems to me, in every present aspect, to be of 
no practical importance. They all have been States in the Union; and all am 
to be hereafter, as we all propose; and a controversy whether they have ever- 
been out of it, might divide and weaken, but could not enhance our .strength, in 
restoring the proper national and State relations." 

41 The preliminary draft does not go beyond this point. 

[52] 



DECEMBER 8, 1863 

to the people in the contested regions, that the insurgent power 
will not again overrun them. Until that confidence shall be es- 
tablished, little can be done anywhere for what is called recon- 
struction. Hence our chiefest care must still be directed to the 
army and navy, who have thus far borne their harder part so nobly 
and well. And it may be esteemed fortunate that in giving the 
greatest efficiency to these indispensable arms, we do also honorably 
recognize the gallant men, from commander to sentinel, who com- 
pose them, and to whom, more than to others, the world must 
stand indebted for the home of freedom disenthralled, regenerated, 
enlarged, and perpetuated. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

Washington, December 8, 1863. 

To Ulysses S. Grant 1 

Major General Grant Executive Mansion, 

Chattanooga, Tenn. Washington, Dec. 8. 1863. 

Understanding that your lodgment at Chattanooga and Knox- 
ville is now secure, I wish to tender you, and all under your com- 
mand, my more than thanks my profoundest gratitude for the 
skill, courage, and perseverance, with which you and they, over 
so great difficulties, have effected that important object. God bless 
you all. A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. Grant incorporated this dispatch in his General Orders No. 7, 
Military Division of the Mississippi, December 8, 1863. 

Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction 1 

December 8, 1863 
By the President of the United States of America: 

A Proclamation. 

Whereas, in and by the Constitution of the United States, it is 
provided that the President "shall have power to grant reprieves 
and pardons for offences against the United States, except in cases 
of impeachment;" and 

Whereas a rebellion now exists whereby the loyal State govern- 
ments of several States have for a long time been subverted, and 

i DS, DNA FS RG 11, Proclamations; ADS, OCHP; ADfS, DLC-RTL. Unlike 
most of Lincoln's proclamations, this one is preserved in an autograph draft 
and an autograph copy, as well as in the official signed copy filed in the 
Archives. The autograph copy was obtained by Senator John Sherman to be 
sold at auction by the Great Western Sanitary Fair which was held in Cincin- 
nati, Ohio, beginning on December 21, 1863. 

[53] 



DECEMBER 8, 1863 

many persons have committed and are now guilty of treason 
against the United States; and 

Whereas, with reference to said rebellion and treason, laws have 
been enacted by Congress declaring forfeitures and confiscation 
of property and liberation of slaves, all upon terms and conditions 
therein stated, and also declaring that the President was thereby 
authorized at any time thereafter, by proclamation, to extend to 
persons who may have participated in the existing rebellion, in any 
State or part thereof, pardon and amnesty, with such exceptions 
and at such times and on such conditions as he may deem expedi- 
ent for the public welfare; and 

Whereas the congressional declaration for limited and condi- 
tional pardon accords with well-established judicial exposition of 
the pardoning power; and 

Whereas, with reference to said rebellion, the President of the 
United States has issued several proclamations, with provisions in 
regard to the liberation of slaves; and 

Whereas it is now desired by some persons heretofore engaged 
in said rebellion to resume their allegiance to the United Slates, 
and to reinaugurate loyal State governments within, and for their 
respective States; therefore, 

I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, do proclaim, 
declare, and make known to all persons who have, directly or by 
implication, participated in the existing rebellion, except as here- 
inafter excepted, that a full pardon is hereby granted to them and 
each of them, with restoration of all rights of property, except as 
to slaves, and in property cases where rights of third parties shall 
have intervened, and upon the condition that every such person 
shall take and subscribe an oath, and thenceforward keep and 
maintain said oath inviolate; and which oath shall be registered 
for permanent preservation, and shall be of the tenor and effort 
following, to wit: 

'% ^ do solemnly swear, in presence of Almighty God. 

that I will henceforth faithfully support, protect and defend the 
Constitution of the United States, and the union of the States there- 
under; and that I will, in like manner, abide by and faithfully sup- 
port all acts of Congress passed during the existing rebellion with 
reference to slaves, so long and so far as not repealed, modified or 
held void by Congress, or by decision of the Supreme Court; and 
that I will, in like manner, abide by and faithfully support all 
proclamations of the President made during the existing rebellion 
having reference to slaves, so long and so far as not modified or 
declared void by decision of the Supreme Court. So help me God." 

[54] 



DECEMBER 8, 863 

The 2 persons excepted from the benefits of the foregoing pro- 
visions are all who are, or shall have been, civil or diplomatic of- 
ficers or agents of the so-called confederate government; all who 
have left judicial stations under the United States to aid the rebel- 
lion; all who are, or shall have been, military or naval officers of 
said so-called confederate government above the rank of colonel in 
the army, or of lieutenant in the navy; all who left seats in the 
United States Congress to aid the rebellion; all who resigned com- 
missions in the army or navy of the United States, and afterwards 
aided the rebellion; and all who have engaged in any way in treat- 
ing colored persons or white persons, in charge of such, otherwise 
than lawfully as prisoners of war, and which persons may have 
been found in the United States service, as soldiers, seamen, or in 
any other capacity. 

And I do further proclaim, declare, and make known, that when- 
ever, in any of the States of Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, Missis- 
sippi, Tennessee, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, and 
North Carolina, a number of persons, not less than one-tenth in 
nximber of the votes cast in such State at the Presidential election 
of the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty, each 
having taken the oath aforesaid and not having since violated it, 
and being a qualified voter by the election law of the State exist- 
ing immediately before the so-called act of secession, and exclud- 
ing all others, shall re-establish a State government which shall be 
republican, and in no wise contravening said oath, such hall be 
recognized as the true government of the State, and the State shall 
receive thereunder the benefits of the constitutional provision 
which declares that "The United States shall guaranty to every 
State in this union a republican form of government, and shall 
protect each of them against invasion; and, on application of the 
legislature, or the executive, (when the legislature cannot be con- 
vened,) against domestic violence." 

And I do further proclaim, declare, and make known that any 
provision which may be adopted by such State government in re- 
lation to the freed people of such State, which shall recognize and 
declare their permanent freedom, provide for their education, and 
which may yet be consistent, as a temporary arrangement, with 
their present condition as a laboring, landless, and homeless class, 
will not be objected to by the national Executive. And 8 it is sug- 

2 This paragraph, appearing as an insertion in the autograph draft and auto- 
graph copy, was based on a list of exceptions furnished by the War Depart- 
ment and revised by Lincoln (DLC-RTL). 

3 The remainder of this paragraph appears as an autograph insertion in the 
autograph draft and the autograph copy. 

[55] 



DECEMBER 8 9 1863 

gested as not improper, that, in constructing a loyal State govern- 
ment in any State, the name of the State, the boundary, the 
subdivisions, the constitution, and the general code of laws., as be- 
fore the rebellion, be maintained, subject only to the modifications 
made necessary by the conditions hereinbefore stated, and such 
others, if any, not contravening said conditions, and which may 
be deemed expedient by those framing the new State government. 
To avoid misunderstanding, it may be proper to say that this 
proclamation, so far as it relates to State governments, has no ref- 
erence to States wherein loyal State governments have all the 
while been maintained. And for the same reason, it may be proper 
to further say that whether members sent to Congress from any 
State shall be admitted to seats, constitutionally rests exclusively 
with the respective Houses, and not to any extent with the Execu- 
tive. And still further, that this proclamation is intended to present 
the people of the States wherein the national authority has been 
suspended, and loyal State governments have been subverted,, a 
mode in and by which the national authority and loyal State gov- 
ernments may be re-established within said States, or in any of 
them; and, while the mode presented is the best the Executive can 
suggest, with his present impressions, it must not be understood 
that no other possible mode would be acceptable. 

Given under my hand at the city, of Washington, the 8th. day 

of December, A.D. one thousand eight hundred and sixty- 

[L.S.] three, and of the independence of the United States of 

America the eighty-eighth. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

By the President: 

WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State. 

To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States: December 8. 1 8(1 5 

Congress, on my recommendation, passed a Resolution, approved 
7th. February 1863, tendering its thanks to Commander D D 
Porter "for the bravery and skill displayed in the attack on the 
Post of Arkansas on the loth. January 1863," and in consideration 
of those services, together with his efficient labors and vigilance 
subsequently displayed in thwarting the efforts of the rebel, to ob- 
struct the Mississippi and its tributaries, and the important part 
rendered by the Squadron under his command, which led to the 
surrender of Vicksburg. 



.rov' in o c nformit y to *e 7th. Section, of the Act: ap- 
proved ifith. July 1862, nominate Commander D. D. Porter, to bo 

[56] 



DECEMBER Q ,1863 

a Rear Admiral in the Navy, on the Active List, from the 4th. July 
1863, to fill an existing vacancy. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

Washington, D.C. 1 

8th. December 1863. J 

1 DS, DNA RG 46, Senate 386 A2. David D. Porter's appointment was con- 
firmed by the Senate on February 2, 1864. 

To the Senate and House of Representatives 1 

December 8, 1863 
To the Senate and House of Representatives. 

In conformity to the Law of 16 July, 1862, I most cordially 
recommend that Captain John Rodgers, U.S. Navy, receive a vote 
of thanks from Congress for the eminent skill and gallantry ex- 
hibited by him in the engagement with the Rebel armed Iron Clad 
Steamer "Fingal," alias "Atlanta," whilst in command of the U.S. 
Iron Clad Steamer "Weehawken," which led to her capture on the 
17 June, 1863, and also for the zeal, bravery and general good 
conduct shown by this Officer on many occasions. 

This recommendation is specially made in order to comply with 
the requirements of the gth. Section of the aforesaid Act, which is 
in the following words, viz: 

"That any line officer of the navy or marine corps may be ad- 
vanced one grade, if, upon recommendation of the President by 
name, he receives the thanks of Congress for highly distinguished 
conduct in conflict with the enemy, or for extraordinary heroism in 
the line of his profession." ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

Washington, D.C., 

8 December, 1863. 

IDS, DNA RG 46, Senate s8A F2; DS, DNA RG 233, House Executive 
Document. The resolution of thanks to Captain John Rodgers was approved on 
December 23, 1863, and Rodgers* appointment as commodore was confirmed by 
the Senate on February 2, 1864. 

To Andrew G. Curtin 1 

His Excellency A. G. Curtin Executive Mansion, 

Governor of Pennsylvania Washington, Dec. 9, 1863. 

My dear Sir I have to urge my illness and the preparation of 
the Message in excuse for not having sooner transmitted you the 
inclosed from the Secretary of War and Provost Marshal-General 
in response to yours in relation to recruiting in Pennsylvania. 
Though not quite as you desire, I hope the grounds taken will be 

[57] 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

We will consider this a few days, and prepare instructions. In the 
mean time, no harm will be done. A. LINCOLN 

Dec. 10. [n ?] 1863. 

i AES NHi. Lincoln's endorsement is written on the back of the following 
note from Stanton dated December 11, 1863: "General Augur reports that ap- 
nlicationTfor the amnesty are already pouring in upon him!! and he has n p- 
ffi^teSte. Either Stanton's date is incorrect or Lincoln nnsdatos 
his endorsement. General Christopher C. Augur was in command of the DC- 
partment of Washington, D.C. 

To Salmon R Chase 1 

December 11, 1863 

Hon. Sec. of Treasury please see the bearer Mr. Morrison, of Illi- 
nois, who is personally known to me to be a most worthy gentle- 
man. A. LINCOLN 
Dec. 11, 1863 

1 ALS, owned by R. E. Crane, Ford City, Pennsylvania. The bearer of Lin- 
coln's note was perhaps James L. D. Morrison. 



To Henry H. Lockwood 1 

December 11, 1863 
[Brigadier-General Lockwood, Baltimore, Md.:] 

The sentences in the cases of privates William Irons co. D, & 
Jesse Lewis, co E. 5th. Maryland vols ordered to be carried into 
execution to day, is hereby suspended until further orders. 

Deer. nth. 1863 A. LINCOLN 



, RPB. Chief of Staff Bonn Piatt replied at 11:25 A.M., "Telegram sus- 
pending execution of private Wm Irons Co D & Jesse Lewis Co E /jth Md re- 
ceived 11:15 am today" (DLC-RTL). Both soldiers remained in service. Irons 
being mustered out on June 14, 1865, and Lewis on December 3, 1864. 



To George G. Meade 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, December n, 1863. 
Major-General Meade, Army of the Potomac: 

Lieut. Col. James B. Knox, Tenth Regiment Pennsylvania Re- 
serves, offers his resignation under circumstances inducing mo to 
wish to accept it. But I prefer to know your pleasure upon the sub- 
ject. Please answer. A LINCOLN. 

[60] 



DECEMBER 12, 1863 

i-Tarbell (Appendix), p. 404, No reply has been located. The roster of the 
Thirty-ninth Pennsylvania Volunteers (Tenth Reserve) lists Lieutenant Colonel 
James B, Knox as resigned on November 23, 1863. 



To John M. Schofield 1 

"Cypher" 

Gen. J. M. Schofield Executive Mansion, 

St. Louis, Mo. Washington, Dec. 11. 1863. 

Please come to see me at once. A LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. General Schofield's telegram in reply, "I start this evening," 
was sent at 10:30 A.M. on December 12 but was not received at Washington 
until December 13. (DLC-RTL). See Lincoln to Schofield, December 13, infra. 



To George G. Meade 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
Major- General Meade: December 12, 1863. 

Please suspend execution of sentence in case of William F. 
Goodwin, Company B, Seventeenth Infantry, and forward the rec- 
ord for my examination. A. LINCOLN. 

1 Tarbell (Appendix), p. 404. Meade's reply was received at 4:20 P.M.: "Your 
telegram in relation to private Wm. F. Goodwin Co "B" i/th. Infy has been 
reed, and the order to suspend the execution of the sentence till your orders 
are received, the proceedings will be forwarded." (DLC-RTL). No further refer- 
ence has been found. 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

December 12, 1863 

Gen. Palmer's resignation was not accepted by me. You remember 
I promised to write him on the subject, which however I have neg- 
lected to do. I do not want him to resign, unless there be some 
reason not yet known to me. A. LINCOLN. 

Dec. 12. 1863 

1 AES, DLC. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a note from Stanton dated 
December 12: "Will you please to inform me whether General Palmers resig- 
nation was accepted by your direction." 

On October 8, 1863, believing that the order dissolving the Twenty-first 
Corps, of which his Second Division was a part, was a censure, General John 
M. Palmer submitted his resignation. Halleck recommended acceptance of the 
resignation and Stanton endorsed the letter of resignation "to take effect De- 
cember ist." On October 28 Palmer was notified of his assignment to command 
the Fourteenth Army Corps, and after a short leave took over the command 
(Personal Recollections of John M. Palmer, pp. 191 ff.). 



To John M. Schofield 1 



Gen. J. M. Schofield Executive Mansion. 

St. Louis, Mo Washington, D.C. Dec. 13. 1863. 

On the nth. I telegraphed, asking you to come here and see me. 

A - LINCOIJN 



. 
Did you receive the despatch? A - 

i ALS, RPB. See Lincoln to Schofield, December 11, supra, and to Stanton, 
December 18, infra. 

To Edward Bates 1 

Executive Mansion, 
My Dear Sir Washington, December 14, 1863. ^ 

If upon examination of this case you find that the facts are in 
accordance with the statement of the petition and that Dr. Ratcliffe 
took the oath of allegiance at the invitation of our military au- 
thorities & has since kept it inviolate, let him be pardoned for any 
treasonable practice previous to such recantation, and freed from 
the penalties now hanging over him. Your Obt. Servt 

The Hon The Attorney Gen'l. A. LUSTCOLIST 

i LS, DNA RG 204, U.S. Pardon Attorney, A 495- This note is filed with the 
case of Charles T. Ratcliffe. No further reference has been found. 



Agreement Signed by Samuel L. Casey 1 

Washington D.C. Dec. 14. 1863. 

In consideration that the President of the United States to-day 
delivers to me a paper of which the within is a copy, I pledge him 
my word of honor that whatever I may do thereunder shall he at: 
my own expence, and risk of person and property, with no claim 
upon him, or upon the government in any contingency whatever; 
that I will take absolutely nothing into the insurgent lines, which 
could be of value to them, except the boats, tows, and provisions, as 
stated; and that I will not take said boats, tows, and provisions, or 
any of them into said insurgent lines, unless I shall first have the 
personal pledge of Gen. Kirby Smith, 2 given directly by him to 
me, that said boats and tows shall, without condition, safely return 
to our military lines. S. L. Casey 

! AD, DLC-RTL. The agreement is in Lincoln's autograph except for tho 
signature and insertion noted. 

2 On a separate page appears a phrase, not in Lincoln's handwriting, which 
was intended as an insertion at this point: "or the officer in chief command." 

[62] 



Order Concerning Samuel L. Casey 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, December 14, 1863. 
All Military and Naval commanders will please give to the Hon. 
Samuel L. Casey, of Kentucky (with any number of inferior Stern- 
wheel-Steam-Boats not exceeding three taking in tow any number 
of barges, scows, flats, and the like, not having Steam-power, 
which they may be able to so take, without money, and without 
cargoes outgoing, and only with crews to navigate the whole, and 
necessary provisions for himself and said crews) protection and 
safe-conduct from Cairo to Red River, and up said river, and it's 
tributaries, till he shall pass beyond our Military lines, and also 
give him such protection and safe conduct, on his return to our 
lines, back to Cairo with any cargoes he may bring; and on his 
safe return from beyond our lines, with said boats and tows, allow 
him to repeat once or twice if he shall desire. A. 



1 ADfS, DLC-RTL. A copy of this order preserved in the Nathaniel E Banks 
Papers (Essex Institute, Salem, Massachusetts) preserves endorsements by Rear 
Admiral David D. Porter and Major General Banks ordering all officers to 
respect the president's wishes. Casey and others owned a large amount of cot- 
ton which they wished to bring North. See further Lincoln's order of Febru- 
ary 29, 1864, infra. 



Amnesty to Emily T. Helm 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, December 14. 1863. 

Mrs. Emily T. Helm, not being excepted from the benefits of the 
proclamation by the President of the United States issued on the 
8th. day of December. 1863, and having on this day taken and sub- 
scribed the oath according to said proclamation, she is fully re- 
lieved of all penalties and forfeitures, and remitted to all her rights, 
all according to said proclamation, and not otherwise; and, in re- 
gard to said restored rights of person and property, she is to be 
protected and afforded facilities as a loyal person. 

ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

P.S. Mrs. Helm claims to own some cotten at Jackson, Mississippi, 
and also some in Georgia; and I shall be glad, upon either place be- 
ing brought within our lines, for her to be afforded the proper 
facilities to show her ownership, and take her property. 

A. LINCOLN. 

1 ADS copy, DLC-RTL. Although the widow of Ben Hardin Helm signed her 
name "Emily" other sources are unanimous in giving it as "Emilie." See also 
Lincoln's communication to whom it may concern, infra. Orville H. Browning's 
Diary records under date of December 14: "The President told me his sister in 

[63] 



DECEMBER 14, 863 

law, Mrs Helm was in tibe house, but he did not wish it known. She wished 
an order for the protection of some Cotton she had at Jackson, Mississippi. He 
thought she ought to have it, but he was afraid he would be censured if lie did 



so. 



When Mrs. Helm arrived at the White House is not certain. Some time after 
October (see Lincoln to Todd, October 31, supra), she arrived at Fort Monroe, 
where upon her refusing to take the oath of allegiance, an officer is supposed 
to have telegraphed Lincoln, who replied, "Send her to me." (Katharine Helm, 
Mary, Wife of Lincoln, p. 221). No trace of these telegrams has been dis- 
covered. 

Oath of Emily T. Helm 1 

District of Columbia! ^ __ . 

Washington County } SS [December 14, 1863] 

I, Emily T. Helm, do solemnly swear in presence of Almighty 
God that I will henceforth faithfully support, protect and defend 
the Constitution of the United States, and the union of the States 
thereunder; and that I will, in like manner, abide by, and faithful- 
ly support all acts of Congress passed during the existing rebellion 
with reference to slaves, so long and so far as not repealed, modi- 
fied, or held void by Congress, or by decision of the Supreme Court ; 
and that I will, in like manner, abide by, and faithfully support ^^ll 
proclamations of the President, made during the existing rebellion, 
having reference to slaves so long and so far as not modified, or 
declared void by the Supreme Court. So help me God. 

IAD copy, DLC-RTL. 

To Whom It May Concern 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Whom it may concern Washington, December 14. 1863. 

It is my wish that Mrs. Emily T. Helm, (widow of the late Gen. 
B. H. Helm, who fell in the Confederate service) now returning 
to Kentucky, may have protection of person and property, except 
as to slaves, of which I say nothing. A. LINCOLN 

i ADS copy, DLC-RTL. 

To George G. Meade 1 

-- . ^ . ^ Executive Mansion, 

Major-General Meade: Washington, December 14, 1863 

Please suspend execution in case of William Gibson, Fourth 
Maine Regiment until further order and send record. 

_ A. LINCOLN. 

iTarbell (Appendix), p. 405. No later reference has been discovered. 

[64] 



To George G. Meade 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Major- General Meade: Washington, December 14, 1863. 

Please suspend execution of Lewis Beers, Fourteenth U.S. In- 
fantry, and of William J. Hazlett, One hundred and nineteenth 
Pennsylvania Volunteers and send record. A. LINCOLN. 

1 Tarbell (Appendix), p. 405. No later reference has been discovered. 

Memorandum and Endorsement 
Concerning James B. Rodgers 1 

December 14, 1863 

It is sought in this case that, Lieut. Rodgers, having offered his 
resignation, because of physical disability, the sentence of repri- 
mand, be revoked. 

The Recommendation of Gen. Geary is approved. A. LINCOLN 
Dec. 14. 1863. 

1 AE and ES, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, MM 858. Lin- 
coln's undated memorandum is written on a medical certificate that Rodgers is 
sick and unfit for duty. The endorsement, in Hay's hand but signed by Lin- 
coln, is written at bottom of the record. Lieutenant James B. Rodgers of the 
One Hundred Ninth Pennsylvania Volunteers was cashiered for being absent 
without leave. General Geary recommended commutation to forfeiture of pay 
for period of absence. Rodgers was discharged April 9, 1864. 

Recommendation for John Alexander 1 

I believe Mr. Alexander is a very worthy gentleman, and a very 
competent one in the line in which he proposes to be engaged 
Dec. 14. 1863. A. LINCOLN 

1 AES-P, ISLA. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter from Mrs. 
Lincoln to Clerk of the House of Representatives Edward McPherson, recom- 
mending Alexander as "an applicant for the upholstering under you and from 
the work done at the Executive Mansion by him I can certify to his com- 
petency. . . ." 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

December 14, 1863 

Let Henry N. Warfield, named within, be paroled and delivered 
to the custody, bailed, so to speak, to his brother-in-law, Dr. L. 
W. Brown, who and whose brothers are very near friends of mine 
in Illinois. A. LINCOLN. 

December 14, 1863. 

[65] 



DBCEMBER 15, 1863 

I Leslie J. Perry, "Appeals to Lincoln's Clemency," The Century 



ington, Ky., a prisoner of war at Camp Douglas, Chicago, in company with 
other Confederate prisoners made his escape from that military prison on the 
night of December 2, 1862 [1863?], and made his way to the house of his 
brother-in-law, Dr. L. W. Brown, who resided thirteen miles east of Jackson- 
ville Morgan County, 111. Dr. Brown was a loyal man, and advised Warfield, 
who was a lad of only eighteen, to surrender himself to the Union military 
authorities and then take the oath of allegiance. This he did at Jacksonville, 
after which a petition signed by Governor Yates, Senator Trumbull, E. B. \\ ash- 
burne, I. N. Arnold, and several other political notabilities, was forwarded to 
the President for his release." Orville H. Browning's Diary records under date 
of December 14, 1863, that he visited Lincoln with Dr. Brown "to try and get 
Henry Warfield, a lad of 18 years old, a rebel Prisoner at Camp Douglas, and 
a brother in law of Dr Brown, committed to the custody of the Dr. Got a 
preliminary order which was finally completed after passing thro several offices 
to the Commissary of Prisoners. . . ." 

To Thomas Cottman 1 

Dr. Thomas Cottman Executive Mansion, 

My Dear Sir Washington, December 15, 1863. 

You were so kind as to say this morning that you desire to re- 
turn to Louisiana, and to be guided by my wishes, to some extent, 
in the part you may take in bringing that state to resume her right- 
ful relation to the general government. 

My wishes are in a general way expressed as well as I can ex- 
press them, in the Proclamation issued on the 8th of the present 
month, and in that part of the annual message which relates to 
that proclamation. It there appears that I deem the sustaining of 
the emancipation proclamation, where it applies, as indispensable; 
and I add here that I would esteem it fortunate, if the people of 
Louisiana should themselves place the remainder of the stnte upon 
the same footing, and then, if in their discretion it should appear 
best, make some temporary provision for the whole of the freed 
people, substantially as suggested in the last proclamation. I have 
not put forth the plan in that proclamation, as a Procrustean bed, 
to which exact conformity is to be indispensable; and in Louisiana 
particularly, I wish that labor already done, which varies from 
that plan in no important particular, may not be thrown away. 

The strongest wish I have, not already publicly expressed, is that 
in Louisiana and elsewhere, all sincere Union men would stoutly 
eschew chqueism, and, each yielding something in minor matters 
all work together. Nothing is likely to be so baleful in the great 
work before us, as stepping aside of the main object to consider who 
will get the offices if a small matter shall go thus, and who else will 

[66] 



DECEMBER 5, 1863 

get them, if it shall go otherwise. It is a time now for real patriots 
to rise above all this. As to the particulars of what I may think best 
to be done in any state, I have publicly stated certain points, which 
I have thought indispensable to the reestablishment and mainte- 
nance of the national authority; and I go no further than this be- 
cause I wish to avoid both the substance and the appearance of 
dictation. 

i Copy, DLC-RTL. 

To WiUiam E Fessenden 1 

December 15, 1863 

Mr. Fessenden will see the objection to the pardon applied for, as 
made at the Attorney General's office. Could not he & the others 
of the Maine delegation fortyfy me a little stronger? Something 
from the Judge & jury or District Attorney would be in point. 
Dec. 15. 1863 A. LINCOLN 

Atty. Genl. please file. A. LINCOLN 
April 8. 1864 

1 AES, DNA RG 204, U.S. Pardon Attorney, A 495. Lincoln's endorsements 
are written on the envelope containing Fessenden's letter of December 4, 1863, 
transmitting a petition for pardon of Josiah M. Sargent sentenced to nine years* 
imprisonment for robbing a post office. On Fessenden's letter appears the follow- 
ing endorsement by John Hay dated December 11: "The President directs me 
to request that you will cause a pardon to be prepared in this case, unless there 
appear to you reasons to the contrary." 

To Mother Mary Gonyeag 1 

Mother Mary Gonyeag Executive Mansion 

Sup. Academy of Visitation Washington D.C. 

Keokuk, Iowa Dec. 15. 1863 

The President has no authority as to whether you may raffle for 
the benevolent object you mention. If there is no objection in the 
Iowa laws, there is none here. A. LINCOLN. 

1 ALS, RPB. No communication from Mother Mary Gonyeag has been found. 

To Ogden Hoffman 1 

Hon. Ogden Hoffman Executive Mansion 

U.S. District Judge Washington, D.C. 

San Francisco, California Dec. 15. 1863. 

The oath in the proclamation of Dec. 8th. is intended for those 
who may voluntarily take it, and not for those who may be con- 

[67] 



DECEMBER 15, 1863 

strained to take it, in order to escape actual imprisonment or pun- 
ishment. It is intended that the latter class shall abide the granting 
or withholding of the pardoning power in the ordinary way. 

A. LINCOLN. 

i ALS, RPB. No prior communication from Judge Hoffman has been located, 
but on December 15 Hoffman replied to Lincoln's telegram: "Your Excellency's 
dispatch is received. I most respectfully suggest inasmuch as the Proclamation 
does not in terms except the persons referred to by you in your dispatch & as 
it is a public official document which a court is compelled to construe* according 
to its terms whether it be not expedient to declare by our equally formal docu- 
ment the intention of the Executive in making it." (DLC-RTL). 

To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States: December [15], 1863 

I lay before the Senate, for its constitutional action thereon, a 
treaty concluded at the city of Washington on the sixth day of 
April, 1863, between John P. Usher, commissioner on the part of 
the United States, and the chiefs and headmen of the Comanc.ho, 
Kiowa, and Apache tribes of Indians, duly authorized thereto. 

A letter of the Secretary of the Interior of the i2th in slant ac- 
companies the treaty. ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 

December, 1863. 

1 Executive Journal, XIII, 313. On April 5, 1864, the treaty was reported 
from the Committee on Indian Affairs without amendment, but no further 
action was taken. 

To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States: December [15], i 8fv$ 

I lay before the Senate, for its constitutional action thoreoru a 
treaty concluded at LeRoy, Kansas, on the twenty-ninth clay of 
August, 1863, between William E Dole, Commissioner of Indian 
Affairs, and William G. Coffin, superintendent of Indian affairs of 
the Southern Superintendency, commissioners on the part of iho 
United States, and the chiefs and headmen of the Great and Little 
Osage tribe of Indians of the State of Kansas. 

A communication from the Secretary of the Interior, dated tho 
1 2th instant, accompanies the treaty. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 

December, 1863. 



ratified with amendments or: 
[68] 



To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States: December [15], 1863 

I lay before the Senate, for its constitutional action thereon, a 
treaty concluded at the Sac and Fox Agency, in Kansas, on the 2d 
day of September, 1863, between William E Dole, Commissioner 
of Indian Affairs, commissioner on the part of the United States, 
and the New York Indians, represented by duly authorized mem- 
bers of the bands of said tribe. 

A letter of the Secretary of the Interior of the 1 2th instant ac- 
companies the treaty. ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 

December, 1863. 

1 Executive Journal, XIII, 313. On December 15, 1863, the treaty was re- 
ferred to the Committee on Indian Affairs, but no further action was taken. 



To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States: December [15], 1863 

I lay before the Senate, for its constitutional action thereon, a 
treaty concluded at the Sac and Fox Agency in Kansas on the 3d 
day of September, 1863, between William P Dole, Commissioner of 
Indian Affairs, and William G. Coffin, superintendent of Indian 
affairs for the Southern Superintendency, on the part of the United 
States, and the Creek Nation of Indians, represented by its chiefs. 

A letter from the Secretary of the Interior, dated the 12th in- 
stant, accompanies the treaty. ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 

December, 1863. 

1 Executive Journal, XIII, 314. The treaty was ratified with amendments on 
March 8, 1864. 



To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States: December [15], 1863 

I lay before the Senate, for its constitutional action thereon, a 
treaty concluded at the Sac and Fox Agency, in Kansas, on the 
fourth day of September, 1863, between William P. Dole, Commis- 
sioner of Indian Affairs, and Henry W. Martin, agent for the Sacs 
and Foxes, commissioners on the part of the United States, and the 
united tribes of Sac and Fox Indians of the Mississippi. 

[69] 



DECEMBER 1 5:> * 86 3 

A letter from the Secretary of the Interior, dated the i2th in- 
stant, accompanies the treaty. ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 
Executive Mansion, Washington, 
December, 1863. 

i Executive Journal, XIII, 3*4- The treaty was ratified with amendments on 
July 2, 1864. 

To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States: December [15]? l86 3 

I lay before the Senate, for its constitutional action thereon, 
a treaty concluded on the 7th day of October, 1863, at Conejos, 
Colorado Territory, between John Evans, governor and ex-officio 
superintendent of Indian affairs of said Territory, Michael Steck, 
superintendent of Indian affairs for the Territory of New Mexico, 
Simeon Whitely and Lafayette Head, Indian agents, commission- 
ers on the part of the United States, and the chiefs and warriors of 
the Tabequache band of Utah Indians. 

I also transmit a report of the Secretary of the Interior, of the 
12th instant, submitting the treaty; an extract from the last annual 
report of Governor Evans, of Colorado Territory, relating to its 
negotiation; and a map upon which is delineated the boundaries 
of the country ceded by the Indians, and that retained for their 
own use. ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 

December, 1863. 

1 Executive Journal, XIII, 314. The treaty was ratified with amendments on 
March 25, 1864. 

To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States: December 1 5, 1 863 

In answer to the Resolution of the Senate of the i ith. of March 
last, requesting certain information touching persons in the serv- 
ice of this Government, I transmit a report from the Secretary of 
State, to whom the resolution was referred. 

Washington, 5 th. Deer. 1863. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

i DS, DNA RG 46, Senate 3 8A F 3 . Lincoln's letter together with SewarcTs 
report was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, which on January 25, 

MtlT?! ^fi ge n *ZT fUrther consi ^ ration of the report. The resolution of 
March 11, 1863, called for a report on the aggregate number of civil employees 
of the government subject to removal by the president or any other officer 
and the aggregate amount of pay received by them. oincer, 

[70] 



Memorandum Concerning Louisiana Affairs 1 

December 16, 1863 

On very full consideration I do not wish to say more than I have 
publicly said, and said in the letter delivered to Dr. Cottman yes- 
terday. A. LINCOLN 
Dec. 16. 1863. 

1 AES, DLC-RTL. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter from John L. 
Riddell, noted chemist, botanist, and professor in the medical department of 
University of Louisiana, New Orleans, December 15, 1863, requesting that the 
president so instruct military authorities in Louisiana "that our loyal ef- 
forts . . . may be facilitated and not discouraged or prevented. It is proper to 
state, that a comparatively small party of over zealous men . . . ignoring and 
contravening the constitution of the state . . . are laboring to call a state con- 
vention, whose delegates are to be voted for by residents of six months, instead 
of a year, the constitutional time; and by free negroes, who do not possess the 
right of voting under the constitution. . . ." 



Pardon of Alfred Rubery 1 

[December 16, 1863?] 

Whereas one Alfred Rubery was convicted on or about the 
twelfth day of October 1863, in the Circuit Court of the United 
States for the District of California, of engaging in, and giving aid 
and comfort to the existing rebellion against the Government of 
this country, and sentenced to ten years' imprisonment, and to pay 
a fine of ten thousand dollars; 

And whereas, the said Alfred Rubery is of the immature age of 
twenty years, and of highly respectable parentage; 

And whereas, the said Alfred Rubery is a subject of Great Brit- 
ain, and his pardon is desired by John Bright, of England; 

Now therefore, be it known that I, Abraham Lincoln, President 
of the United States of America, these and divers other considera- 
tions me thereunto moving, and especially as a public mark of the 
esteem held by the United States of America for the high charac- 
ter and steady friendship of the said John Bright, do hereby grant 
a pardon to the said Alfred Rubery, the same to begin and take 
effect on the twentieth day of January, 1864, on condition that 
he leave the country within thirty days from and after that date. 

1 George M. Trevelyan, The Life of John Bright, p. 296. Although undated 
and unsigned as given in the source, this pardon has been dated from a des- 
patch of December 16, 1863, appearing in the New York Times for December 

17: 

"The President to-day pardoned Alfred Rubers [$zc], a young Englishman, 
convicted of high treason for having fitted out a secesh privateer at San Fran- 

[71] 



DECEMBER 1 6, 1863 

Cisco in October and sentenced to ten years imprisonment and a fine of J^ooo 
The pardon was soHcited by John Bright through Senator Sumner and the 
President m the body of it expresses his high gratification at havmg been able 
to oblige a devoted English friend of the Union." 

Proclamation Concerning Discriminating Duties 1 

December 16, 1863 

By the President of the United States of America: 
A Proclamation. 

Whereas, by an act of the Congress of the United States of the 
24th. of May, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, en- 
titled "An Act in addition to an act entitled 'An act concerning 
discriminating duties of Tonnage and Impost' and to equalize the 
duties on Prussian vessels and their cargoes/'' it is provided that, 
upon satisfactory evidence being given to the President of the 
United States, by the government of any foreign nation, that no 
discriminating duties of tonnage or impost are imposed or levied 
in the ports of the said nation, upon vessels wholly belonging to 
citizens of the United States, or upon the produce, manufactures, 
or merchandise, imported in the same from the United States, or 
from any foreign country, the President is thereby authorized to 
issue his proclamation, declaring that the foreign discriminating 
duties of tonnage and impost within the United States are, and shall 
be, suspended and discontinued, so far as respects the vessels of the 
said foreign nation, and the produce, manufactures or merchan- 
dise, imported into the United States in the same from the said 
foreign nation, or from any other foreign country; the said suspen- 
sion to take effect from the time of such notification being given 
to the President of the United States, and to continue so long as 
the reciprocal exemption of vessels, belonging to citizens of the 
United States, and their cargoes, as aforesaid, shall be continued, 
and no longer. 

And whereas, satisfactory evidence has lately been received hv 
me, through an official communication of Senor Don Luis Molina, 
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the Republic 
of Nicaragua, under date of the 28th. of November, i8fv$, that no 
other or higher duties of tonnage and impost have been imposed or 
levied since the second day of August, 1838, in the ports of Nica- 
ragua upon vessels wholly belonging to citizens of the United 
States, and upon the produce, manufactures, or merchandize im- 
ported in the same from the United States, and from any foreign 

[72] 



DECEMBER 1 6, 1863 

country whatever, than are levied on Nicaraguan ships and their 
cargoes, in the same ports under like circumstances: 

Now, therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United 
States of America, do hereby declare and proclaim, that so much 
of the several acts imposing discriminating duties of tonnage and 
impost within the United States are, and shall be, suspended and 
discontinued, so far as respects the vessels of Nicaragua, and the 
produce, manufactures, and merchandise, imported into the United 
States in the same, from the dominions of Nicaragua, and from 
any other foreign country whatever, the said suspension to take 
effect from the day above mentioned, and to continue thencefor- 
ward, so long as the reciprocal exemption of the vessels of the 
United States, and the produce, manufactures, and merchandise 
imported into the dominions of Nicaragua, in the same as aforesaid, 
shall be continued on the part of the government of Nicaragua. 

Given under my hand, at the city of Washington, the sixteenth 
day of December, in the year of our Lord one thousand 
[L.S.] eight hundred and sixty -three^ and the eighty-eighth of 

the Independence of the United States. 

By the President: ABRAHAM 

WILLIAM H SEWARD Secretary of State. 

1 DS, DNA FS RG 11, Proclamations. 



To Worthington G. Snethen 1 

W. G. Snethen Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, December 16. 1863. 

The application filed by you in behalf of Samuel K. Boyd, to be 
a Captain in the regular Army has been received, and referred to 
the War Department. You may not be aware that the application 
is directly in the teeth of a rule which we have felt constrained to 
adopt. Suppose your relative were now a First Lieut, in the regular 
Army, and the Captaincy directly above him were vacant, he 
would be entitled to be promoted to that vacancy. But suppose I 
should say to him "Stand back sir; I want that place for outsider" 
what would you and he think of it? And yet that is precisely the 
way you you [s/c] now ask me to treat some other Lieutenant. I 
suppose you have not thought of this. Yours truly 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, owned by Foreman M. Lebold, Chicago, Illinois. Worthington G. 
Snethen was a merchant at Baltimore. No record has been found of Samuel K. 
Boyd's appointment. 

[73] 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

It is said Gen. Buford can not live through this day; and it [is] 
suggested that he be nominated as a Major General. 
Dec. 16. 1863. A - LlNCOLN 

i ALS, NWM. Brigadier General John Buford died at Washington on De- 
cember 16 a few hours after his commission as major general had been put in 
fojg Hands. 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec, of War Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, December 16. 1863. 

I am so repeatedly applied to for leave to Mrs. Upshur, (widow 
of Sec. Upshur 2 ) her sister, and grand-child to come on the flag-of 
truce boat from City Point, that I shall be obliged if you will per- 
mit it. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, NNC. Stanton endorsed on the bottom of the letter, "Let the pass be 
issued by order of the President." A letter from John F. Lee, Upper Marlboro, 
Maryland, to Montgomery Blair, November 22, 1863, is as follows: 

"Will you get from the President, a pass for Mrs. E. A. B. Upshur, her 
sister Miss Sally Upshur, and her grandchild James Ringgold, to come on the 
flag of truce boat to Old point comfort, (there is no other way of coming) and 
thence to their home in Washington. 

"They went before the war to the mountains of Va, as always before in sum- 
mer, and did not come back. 

"I am executor of the child's father, administrator of his mother, and hold 
his property . . . Mrs. Upshur's age & health make it necessary that her sister 
should live with her. I beleive the President will willingly grant the permis- 
sion. He said before, that he wished good people to return. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 

2 Abel P. Upshur, secretary of the Navy (1841-1843) and secretary of State 
(1843-1844). 



To Edward Bates 1 

December 17, 1863 

In addition to the within letter, I have personal knowledge of this 
case, and have concluded to ask the Attorney General to make out 
a pardon at once. I believe the sentence was for eight years 
[Dec. 17, 1863 A. LINCOLN] 



^ ^ D ^ A ^ a04 - ^' S ' ? ard n Attorne y, A 428. The date and signature 
have been clipped from the endorsement, which is written on a letter sijned by 
John Dougherty, December 16, 1863, asking pardon of Newton F. Jones, con- 

mai1 at **** Illinois ' and sentenced 



[74] 



To James H. Hoes 1 

Executive Mansion, 
My Dear Sir Washington, December 17, 1863. 

I have received from the Sanitary Commission of Chicago, the 
Watch which you placed at their disposal, and I take the liberty 
of conveying to you my high appreciation of your humanity and 
generosity, of which I have unexpectedly become the beneficiary. 
I am very truly yours A. LINCOLN 

James H. Hoes Esq 

1 LS, CSmH. As managers of the Northwestern Sanitary Fair at Chicago, 
Mrs. Abraham H. Hoge and Mrs. David P. Livermore, wrote Lincoln on No- 
vember 26, 1863: "Among the many remarkable incidents of our recent Fair, 
not one has been more pleasant, than the duty that devolves upon us, of con- 
signing to you, on this National Thanksgiving Day, the accompanying watch; 
of asking you to accept it, as a memorial of the Ladies N. Western Fair. During 
the progress of the Fair, Mr. James H. Hoes, Jeweller of Chicago, a most loyal 
and liberal man, after giving very largely himself, in order to stimulate do- 
nations from others, proposed through the columns of the Tribune, to give a 
gold watch to the largest contributor to the Fair. . . . Emancipation Procla- 
mation . . . was sold for $3,000, the largest benefaction of any individual. . . ." 
(DLC-RTL). 

To Stephen A. Hurlbut 1 

"Cypher" 

Major General Hurlbut Executive Mansion 

Memphis, Tenn. Washington, D.C. Dec. 17. 1863. 

I understand you have, under sentence of death, a tall old man, 
by the name of Henry F. Luckett. I personally knew him, and 
did not think him a bad man. Please do not let him be executed, 
unless upon further order from me, and, in the mean time, send me 
a transcript of the record. A. LINCOLN 

"Henry F Luckett" 

1 ALS, RPB. On December 22 General Hurlbut replied to Lincoln's telegram: 
"The record in Lucketts case has been sent to Gen Grant long since He is 
guilty of smuggling percussions caps to the enemy but his friends say is in- 
sane Mr Luckett is in prison here awaiting action on his case." Henry F. 
Luckett was a former resident of Springfield, Illinois. See Lincoln's order for 
pardon of Luckett, March 30, 1864, infra. 

Memorandum: Removal of James L. Ridgely 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, Dec. 17, 1863. 
To-day Hon. Mr. Webster, M.C. with Messrs Hoffman, Lester, 
Poteat, Lusby, representing that Gen. Pierce, Mr. Wright, and 

[75] 



DECEMBER 1/5 ^83 

Mr Given, Senator, agree with them, call, and ask that James L. 
Ridgely, be restored as Collector of Internal Revenue, in the 2nd. 
District. They say the grounds of his removal were misrepresenta- 
tions, and that Mr. Stuart, sought nominations in several conven- 
tions, & failing bolted the nominations made this year. The States 
Attorney for Baltimore Co. also concurs, & in fact, they say the 
entire county organization concurs. These members are all for 
emancipation. 

i AD, DLC-RTL. James L. Ridgely had been appointed collector of internal 
revenue at Baltimore, but was not so actively in favor of emancipation ns a fac- 
tion of the party thought he should be. He was replaced by Joseph J. Stewart, 
whose nomination was confirmed by the Senate on April 20, 1864. On April 
21, 1864, Ridgely's nomination as tax commissioner for North Carolina was 
also confirmed by the Senate, doubtless as compensation for his removal from 
his previous Maryland post. Of the persons named by Lincoln, Henry W. Hoff- 
man, Edwin H. Webster, and State Senator John S. Given were certainly three, 
but the others have not been positively identified. 



To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States: December 17, 1863 

I transmit to the Senate, for consideration with a view to its 
ratification, a Convention between the United States and Her Bri- 
tannic Majesty, for the final adjustment of the claims of the Hud- 
son's Bay and Puget Sound Agricultural Companies, signed in 
this City, on the first day of July, last. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

Washington, i/th. December, 1863. 

* DS, DNA RG 46, Senate 3QB BS. The treaty was ratified by the Srrmte on 
January 18, 1864. 



To the Senate and House of Representatives 1 

December 17. 1863 
To the Senate, and House of Representatives 

Herewith I lay before you a letter addressed to myself by a 
Committee of gentlemen representing the Freedman's Aid Socie- 
ties in Boston, New-York, Philadelphia and Cincinnati. The subject 
of the letter, as indicated above, is one of great magnitude, and im- 
portance, and one which these gentlemen, of known ability and 
high character, seem to have considered with great attention and 
care. Not having the time to form a mature judgment of mv own 
as to whether the plan they suggest is the best, I submit the whole 

[76] 



DECEMBER 1 8, 863 

subject to Congress deeming that their attention thereto is almost 
imperatively demanded. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

Dec. 17. 1863. 

i ADS, NNP; DS, DNA RG 46, Senate s8A F2. The letter of December i, 
1863, which luincoln transmitted, signed by Stephen Corwell and others, pro- 
posed establishment of a "Bureau of Emancipation" to assist those freed by the 
Emancipation Proclamation (See Senate Executive Document No. i). On De- 
cember 8, Representative Thomas D. Eliot of Massachusetts introduced a bill 
to establish a Bureau of Emancipation, which was referred to a select com- 
mittee on December 14, reported by Eliot on December 22, and sent back to 
the committee. No further action is recorded. 



To Edwin M. Stanton and James B. Fry 1 

December 17, 1863 

Will the Secretary of War, and Provost Marshal General please 
consider this application, and make good all that has been prom- 
ised, as applicable to it, and even beyond promises, etc. equity, so 
far as practically connected with the public service. 

Dec. 17, 1863. A. LINCOLN. 

1 Copy, ISLA. The original document has not been located, but a transcript 
provided by an autograph dealer describes the item as an ADS, accompanied by 
a manuscript petition of the city of New Bedford, Massachusetts, signed by 
Mayor George Howland, "enumerating certain military conditions, solemn 
promises made to them, that had been broken. . . ." 



To Thurlow Weed 1 

Hon. T. Weed. Executive Mansion, Dec 17, 1863. 

Dear Sir: Allow me to introduce my friends, Joshua F. Speed 
and Joshua Tovis of Kentucky. You may rely implicitly on what- 
ever they may tell you; and I think their mission an important 
one. Yours very truly, A. LINCOLN". 

1 Tracy, p. 236. The mission of Speed and Tevis has not been discovered. 



To Edward Bates 1 

Will the Attorney General, please make out and send me a pardon 
in this case. A. LINCOLN 

Dec. 18. 1863. 

1 AES, DNA RG 204, U.S. Pardon Attorney, A 497. Lincoln's endorsement 
is written on the jacket of papers in the case of William H. Knapp, convicted 
of defrauding the government in the enlistment of soldiers. 

[77] 



Memorandum: 
Appointment of William M. Albin 1 

[c. December 18, 1863] 

Gen. Loan recommends William M Albin to be Superintendent of 
Indian Affairs located at St. Joseph, Mo. 

1 AES, DNA RG 48, Applications, Indian Agencies, Box 1266. Lincoln's en- 
dorsement is written on the envelope of a letter signed by Benjamin F Loan 
and others, December 18, 1863. William M. Albin's appointment was confirmed 
by the Senate on March a, 1864. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War: Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, Dec. 18. 1863. 

I believe Gen. Schofield must be relieved from command of the 
Department of Missouri, otherwise a question of veracity, in rela- 
tion to his declarations as to his interfering, or not, with the Mis- 
souri Legislature, will be made with him, which will create an 
additional amount of trouble, not to be overcome by even a correct 
decision of the question. The question itself must be avoided. Now 
for the mode. Senator Henderson, his friend, thinks he can be in- 
duced to ask to be relieved, if he shall understand he will be gen- 
erously treated; and, on this latter point, Gratz Brown will help 
his nomination, as a Major General, through the Senate. In no 
other way can he be confirmed; and upon his rejection alone, it 
would be difficult for me to sustain him as Commander of the De- 
partment. Besides, his being relieved from command of the De- 
partment, and at the same time confirmed as a Major General, will 
be the means of Henderson and Brown leading off together as 
friends, and will go far to heal the Missouri difficulty. 

Another point. I find it is scarcely less than indispensable for 
me to do something for Gen, Rosecrans; and I find Henderson and 
Brown will agree to him for the commander of their Department. 

Again, I have received such evidence and explanations, in re- 
gard to the supposed cotten transactions of Gen. Curtis, as fully re- 
stores in my mind the fair presumption of his innocence; and, as 
he is my friend, and, what is more, as I think, the countries 
friend, I would be glad to relieve him from the impression that I 
think him dishonest, by giving him a command. Most of the Iowa 
and Kansas delegations, a large part of that of Missouri, and the 
delegates from Nebraska, and Colorado, ask this in behalf of Gen. 
C. and suggest Kansas and other contiguous territory West of Mis- 
souri, as a Department for him. 

[78] 



DECEMBER 19, 1863 

In a purely military point of view it may be that none of these 
things is indispensable, or perhaps, advantageous; but in another 
aspect, scarcely less important, they would give great relief, while, 
at the worst, I think they could not injure the military service 
much. I therefore shall be greatly obliged if yourself and Gen. 
Halleck can give me your hearty co-operation, in making the ar- 
rangement. Perhaps the first thing would be to send Gen. Scho- 
field's nomination to me. Let me hear from you before you take 
any actual step in the matter. Yours very truly A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, DLC-Stanton Papers. Under date of December 13, John Hay's Diary 
records the following: 

"The President, speaking today about Missouri matters, said he had heard 
some things of Schofield which had very much displeased him: that while 
Washburne was in Missouri he saw or thought he saw that Schofield was work- 
ing rather energetically in the politics of the State, and that he approached 
Schofield and proposed that he should use his influence to harmonize the con- 
flicting elements so as to elect one of each wing, Gratz Brown and Henderson. 
Schofield's reply was that he would not consent to the election of Gratz Brown. 

"Again when Gratz Brown was about coming to Washington he sent a friend 
to Schofield to say that he would not oppose his confirmation if he (S.) would 
so far as his influence extended, agree to a convention of Missouri to make 
necessary alterations in her State constitution. Schofield's reply, as reported by 
Brown to the President, was that he would not consent to a State convention. 
These things, the President says, are obviously transcendent of his instructions 
and must not be permitted. He has sent for Schofield to come to Washington 
and explain these grave matters. . . ." 

See further Lincoln to Stanton, December 21, infra. 

To Elihu B. Washburne 1 

Hon. E. B, Washburne Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, Dec. 18. 1863. 

The Joint Resolution of thanks to Gen. Grant & those under his 
command, has been before me, and is approved. If agreeable to 
you, I shall be glad for you to superintend the getting up of the 
Medal, and the making of the copy to be be [sic] engrossed on 
parchment, which I am to transmit to the General. Yours truly 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, IHi. The joint resolution introduced by Washburne on December 8 
and approved by Lincoln on December 18, requested the president to "cause 
a gold medal to be struck, with suitable emblems, devices, and inscriptions" 
and to "cause a copy of this joint resolution to be engrossed on parchment" to 
be transmitted to General Grant. 

To Edward Bates 1 

Let a pardon be made out for the unexecuted part of the sentence 
in this case. A. LINCOLN 

Dec. 19. 1863. 

[79] 



DECEMBER 1 Q, 1863 

S DNA RG 204, U.S. Pardon Attorney, A 498. Lincoln's endorsement is 
on a petition Signed by Da*d K Cartter, clerk of the ,D> smc : of Co- 
a Criminal Court, for the pardon of Maria Coffman, alias Philips, sen 
by ti court to pay a fine of fifty dollars and costs, in default of which 
she was committed to jail. 

To Edward Bates 1 

Attorney General, please make out a pardon for Mr. Burnam, in 
this case. A - LINCOLN 

Dec. 19. 1863. 

i AES CSmH Lincoln's endorsement is written on a printed envelope from 
the "Collector's Office, U.S. Internal Revenue, First District, Kentucky." The 
case has not been identified, but F. H. Sweet Catalog 53 lists a presidential par- 
don for "John Burnam, a Kentucky rebel," dated December 21, 1863. 

To Ulysses S. Grant 1 

"Cypher" 

Major General Grant Executive Mansion 

Chattanooga, Tenn. Washington, B.C. Dec. 19. 1863. 

The Indiana delegation in Congress, or at least a large part of 
them, are very anxious that Majr. Gen. Milroy shall enter active 
service again, and I share in this feeling. He is not a difficult man 
to satisfy, sincerity and courage being his strong traits. Believing 
in our cause, and wanting to fight in it, is the whole matter with 
him. Could you, without embarrassment, assign him a place, if di- 
rected to report to you. A. LINCOLN. 

1 ALS, RPB. No reply from Grant has been discovered. AGO, Special Orders 
No. 169, May 6, 1864, sent General Milroy to Nashville, Tennessee, to report 
to General George H. Thomas for duty in receiving and organizing militia 
regiments and for assignment to the command of Indiana troops when organ- 
ized (OR, I, XXXVIII, IV, 54). 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Will the Sec. of War, please allow Charles Alexander, named 
within, to go home with his relatives. A. LINCOLN 

Dec. 19. 1863. 

1 AES, owned by Dale Carnegie, New York City. Lincoln's endorsement is 
written on a petition of Mrs. Mary C. Alexander of Jefferson County, Virginia 
to Commissary of Prisoners William Hoffman, November 12, 1863, asking re' 
lease of her son Private Charles A. Alexander, Twelfth Virginia Cavalry CSA 
a prisoner of war at Point Lookout, who was dying of consumption. 

[80] 



To Gideon Welles 1 

Hon. Secretary of the Navy Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, Dec. 20. 1863. 

Gen. Gilmore, believing that a joint movement of the Army and 
Navy is not likely to be made against Charleston very soon, has 
written asking leave to operate independently of the Navy for a 
time. As this application comes to me, I will thank you to in- 
form me how long, according to any plan or reasonable calculation 
of the Navy, it will be before it will need the actual co-operation of 
the Army before Charleston. Yours very truly A. LINCOLN 

1 ADf S, DLC-RTL. General Quincy A. Gillmore was in command of the De- 
partment of the South. For Welles' reply see Lincoln to Stanton, December ai, 
infra. 

To Henry C. Wright 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, Dec 2Oth, 1863. 
"I shall not attempt to retract or modify the emancipation proc- 
lamation; nor shall I return to slavery any person who is free by 
the terms of that proclamation, or by any of the acts of Congress." 
Henry C. Wright ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

Care of Wendell Philips 
221. Washington St. 
Boston- Mass. 

1 ADS-F, ISLA. Henry C. Wright, a lecturing agent of the Massachusetts 
Anti-Slavery Society, wrote Lincoln on December 16, 1863: 

"God bless thee, Abraham Lincoln! With all my heart, & bless thee, in the 
name of God & Humanity. 

"But mark\ I want nothing of you you can do nothing for me except 
this one favor . . . that you will write for me, & subscribe your name to it 
with your own hand this sentence in your late Message i.e. 

" *I shall not attempt to retract or modify the emancipation proclamation; 
nor shall I return to slavery any person, who is free by the terms of the proc- 
lamation, or by any of the acts of Congress.' 

"I have given 30 years of my life to the Abolition of slavery by lecturing, 
by public & private discussions, & by scattering, broad cast, tracts & pamphlets 
bearing on that subject. I regard the American Republic as the God-appointed 
Messiah of Liberty to the great family of Nations. . . ." (DLC-RTL) . 

To Edward Bates 1 

Hon. Attorney General Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, Dec. 21, 1863. 

Please send me a nomination for Henry Hammond, as Marshal 
of Connecticut. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

[81] 



DECEMBER 21, 1863 

i ALS, DNA GE RG 60, Papers of Attorney General, Segregated Lincoln 
Material. See Lincoln's letter to Foster and Dixon, infra. Henry Hammonds 
appointment was confirmed by the Senate on January 18, 1864. 

To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Major Gen. Butler Executive Mansion 

Fort-Monroe, Va. Washington B.C. Dec. 21. 1863. 

It is said that William H. Blake is under sentence of death at 
Fort-Magruder, in your Department. Do not let him be executed 
without further order from me, & in the mean time have the record 
sent me. He is said to belong to the ist. or 2nd. Pennsylvania 
Artillery. A. 



i ALS, RPB. General Butler replied on December 22: "Private Wm. H. Blake 
Batty E ist. Perm Artillery, is under sentence of death by hanging for murder. 
In my judgment a very deliberate one. He will not be executed without further 
orders from you. The records were forwarded on the igth. inst. to Col Holt." 

William H. Blake's sentence for the murder of Stephen Redson, Battery E, 
First Pennsylvania Artillery, was commuted to life imprisonment (AGO, Special 
Orders No. 14, January 11, 1864), and on April 27, 1864, he received a presi- 
dential pardon (DNA WB. RG 153, Judge Advocate General, MM 1201), 

To Lafayette S. Foster and James Dixon 1 

Hon. Senators Executive Mansion, 

Foster & Dixon. Washington, Dec. 21, 1863. 

The Marshalship of Connecticut has given me some trouble. Of 
the Sec. of the Navy, Gov. of the State, two Senators, and three 
Representatives in Congress, who have made recommendations, 
two are for Mr. Nichols, two for Mr. Hammond, two for Mr. Bar- 
num, and one for Mr. Phelps. 2 Nothing has been said to me against 
the integrity or capacity of any of these candidates. So far as 
stated, three of them are equally well presented. Something more 
than a year ago Mr. Hammond was so well presented to me for 
one of the Internal Revenue offices, that it was with great regret 
I felt constrained to decline giving it to him; and I then wrote one 
of his friends substantially that I would be glad of a future oppor- 
tunity to recognize him. I think I should now do this when he 
stands at least the equal of any competitor, on other grounds. Ac- 
cordingly I send up his nomination. Please show, or state this to the 
other gentlemen. Your Obt. Servt. A. LINCOLN 

Since writing the above I have seen letters from six different 
and as I understand, respectable and influential citizens of Connec- 
ticut, protesting against the appointment of Mr. Hammond. 

[82] 



DECEMBER 2 1 5 863 

Also a very respectable recommendation of Mr. Barnum, by 
citizens. 

Also a letter of Mr. Barmim himself, saying "If Mr. Hammond 
of this State receives the Appt. I am fully satisfied, but I am not 
willing to withdraw in favor of any other person" 

Also a letter of Gov. Buckingham, adhering to his recommen- 
dation of Mr. Nichols, but speaking in very high terms of Mr. 
Hammond. 

These things, taken together, do not change my purpose. 

A. LINCOLN. 

1 ALS, owned by Newton C, Brainard, Hartford, Connecticut. See Lincoln's 
letter to Bates, supra. 

2 Philo F. Barnum was a resident of Bridgeport, Connecticut. Nichols and 
Phelps have not been identified. 

To Francis H. Peirpoint 1 

Governor Pierpoint Executive Mansion 

Alexandria, Va. Washington, D.C. Dec. 21. 1863 

Please come up and see me to-day. A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. Peirpoint had been elected governor of the "Restored Govern- 
ment" of Virginia, with its capital at Alexandria. Lincoln may have wished to 
consult him in connection with the calling of a constitutional convention to 
abolish slavery, or concerning the Amnesty Proclamation of December 8, 1863. 
John Hay's Diary under date of December 25, records: 

"The President today got up a plan for extending to the people of the rebel- 
lious districts the practical benefits of his proclamation. He is to send record 
books to various points to receive subscriptions to the oath, for which certificates 
will be given to the man taking the oath. He has also prepared a placard him- 
self giving notice of the openings of the books and the nature of the oath re- 
quired. 

"He sent the first of these books to Pierpoint to use in Virginia. The second 
he will probably send to Arkansas." 

Permit to Mr. and Mrs. Charles Craig 1 

Executive Mansion, December 21, 1863. 

Mr. and Mrs. Craig, of Arkansas, whose plantation, situated upon 
the Mississippi River a few miles below Helena, has been deso- 
lated during the present war, propose returning to reoccupy and 
cultivate said plantation; and it is my wish that they be permitted 
to do so, and that the United States military forces in that vicinity 
will not molest them or allow them to be molested, as long as the 
said Mr. and Mrs. Craig shall demean themselves as peaceful, loyal 
citizens of the United States. ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 

1 NH, IX, 268. Mrs. Charles Craig was related to John T. Stuart, who wrote 
to his wife from Washington on December 20, 1863, ". . . Last night Sue ac- 

[83] 



DECEMBER 21, 1863 

ised to have the papers made out for her by tomorrow. . . . (ALS, Uii-btuart 
Papers). 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War, please hear Mr. Browning, and grant his re- 
quest about the Lady going to her husband, if you consistently can. 
Dec. 21. 1863. A - LINCOLN 

1 ALS, InU. Lincoln's note is written on both sides of a small card. The lady 
has not been identified. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Private 

Hon. Sec. of War Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, December 21, 1863. 

Sending a note to the Secretary of the Navy as I promised, he 
called over and said that the strikes in the Ship-yards had thrown 
the completion of vessels back so much, that he thought Gen. Gil- 
mores proposition entirely proper. He only wishes (and in which I 
concur) that Gen. Gilmore will courteously confer with and ex- 
plain to Admiral Dahlgren. 

In regard to the Western matter, I believe the programme will 
have to stand substantially as I first put it. Henderson and especial- 
ly Brown believe that the social influences of St. Louis would in- 
evitably tell injuriously upon Gen. Pope, in the particular diffi- 
culty existing there; and I think there is some force in that view. 
As to retaining Gen. S. temporarily, if this should be done, I be- 
lieve I should scarcely be able to get his nomination through the 
Senate. Send me over his nomination, which however I am not vet 
quite ready to send to the Senate. Yours as ever A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, owned by D. N. Heineman, New York City. See Lincoln to Stanton, 
December 18, and to Welles, December 20, supra. Under date of December 
23* 1863, John Hay's Diary records: 

"I took to the Senate today the nomination of Schofield as Major General 
The President had previously spoken to some of the Senators about it He is 
anxious that Schofield shd be confirmed so as to arrange this Missouri matter 
properly. I told Sherman, Wilson, Harris and Doolittle. Senator Foote also 
agreed to do all he could to put the matter properly through But on the 
nomination being read in executive session, Howard of Michigan objected to its 
consideration and it was postponed. Sherman and Doolittle tell me it will cer- 
tainly go through when it is regularly taken up. 

[84] 



DECEMBER 22, 863 

"Lane came up to see the President about it, and told him this. Lane is very 
anxious to have the Kansas part of the plan at once carried out. 

"Morgan says that Gratz Brown gave to Sumner to present to the Senate the 
Radical protest against Schofield's confirmation, and that Stunner presented it 
today. The President sent for Sumner but he was not at his lodgings. . . ." 

AGO, General Orders No. 28, January 22, 1864, assigned Rosecrans to com- 
mand the Department of the Missouri replacing Schofield and ordered Schofield 
to report to Grant at Chattanooga. 

To Oliver D. Filley 1 

O. D. Filley Executive Mansion, 

St. Louis, Mo. Washington, Dec. 22. 1863. 

I have just looked over a petition signed by some three dozen 
citizens of St. Louis, and three accompanying letters, one by your- 
self, one by a Mr. Nathan Ranney, and one by a Mr. John D. 
Coalter, the whole relating to the Rev. Dr. McPheeters. The peti- 
tion prays, in the name of justice and mercy that I will restore Dr. 
McPheeters to all his ecclesiastical rights. 

This gives no intimation as to what ecclesiastical rights are with- 
held. Your letter states that Provost Marshal Dick, about a year 
ago, ordered the arrest of Dr. McPheters, Pastor of the Vine Street 
Church, prohibited him from officiating, and placed the manage- 
ment of the affairs of the church out of the control of it's chosen 
Trustees; and near the close you state that a certain course "would 
insure his release." Mr. Ranney's letter says "Dr. Saml. S. Mc- 
Pheeters is enjoying all the rights of a civilian, but can not preach 
the gospel!!!" Mr. Coalter, in his letter, asks "Is it not a strange 
illustration of the condition of things that the question of who shall 
be allowed to preach in a church in St. Louis, shall be decided by 
the President of the United States?" 

Now, all this sounds very strangely; and withal, a little as if 
you gentlemen making the application, do not understand the case 
alike, one affirming that the Dr. is enjoying all the rights of a 
civilian, and another pointing out to me what will secure his 
releasel On the 2nd. day of January last I wrote Gen. Curtis in re- 
lation to Mr. Dick's order upon Dr. McPheeters, and, as I suppose 
the Dr. is enjoying all the rights of a civilian, I only quote that 
part of my letter which relates to the church. It is as follows: "But 
I must add that the U.S. government must not, as by this order, 
undertake to run the churches. When an individual, in a church 
or out of it, becomes dangerous to the public interest, he must be 
checked; but the churches, as such must take care of themselves. 
It will not do for the U.S. to appoint Trustees, Supervisors, or 
other agents for the churches." This letter going to Gen. Curtis, 

[85] 



DECEMBER 22, 1863 

then in command there I supposed of course it was obeyed espe- 
cially as I heard no further complaint from Dr. M. or his friends 
for nearly an entire year. 

I have never interfered, nor thought of interfering as to who 
shall or shall not preach in any church; nor have I knowingly, or 
believingly, tolerated any one else to so interfere by my authority. 
If any one is so interfering, by color of my authority, I would like 
to have it specifically made known to me. 

If, after all, what is now sought, is to have me put Dr. M. back, 
over the heads of a majority of his own congregation, that too, will 
be declined. I will not have control of any church on any side. 
Yours Respectfully A - LINCOLN 

i ALS, owned by Mr. and Mrs. Thomas McPheeters, St. Louis, Missouri. Fil- 
ley's letter to Lincoln, November 9, 1863, as well as that of Nathan Rarmey of 
the same date to Edward Bates, petitioned for restoration of Samuel B. McPheeters 
as pastor of the Pine (not Vine) Street Church at St. Louis. (DLC-RTL). John 
D. Coalter's letter to Bates, December 13, 1863, asked the attorney gonerMl to 
use his influence with the president to see that he "shall actually read the pe- 
tition." (Ibid.) . See Lincoln's endorsement, infra. 

Endorsement on Petition 
Concerning Samuel B. McPheeters 1 

December 22, 1863 

The assumptions of this paper, so far as I know, or believe are en- 
tirely false. I have never deprived Dr. McPheters of any ecclesias- 
tical right, or authorized, or excused its' being done by any one 
deriving authority from me. On the contrary, in regard to this 
very case, I directed, a long time ago, that Dr. McPhetors was to 
be arrested, or remain at large, upon the same rule as any one 
else; and that, in no event, was any one to interfere by my author- 
ity, as to who should, or should not preach in any church. This 
was done, I think, in a letter, in the nature of an order, to Mr. 
Dick. The assumption that I am keeping Dr. M. from preaching in 
his church is monstrous. If any one is doing this, by pretense of 
my authority, I will thank any one who can, to make out and pre- 
sent me, a specific case against him. If, after all, the Dr. is kept 
put by the majority of his own parishioners, and my official power 
is sought to force him in over their heads, I decline that also. 
Dec. 22. 1863. A. LINCOLN 

T u A ^- D tMi~ RT ^' 1 { incoln>8 endorsement is written on a petition signed by 
John Whitehall and other members of the Pine Street Church, asking restora- 
tion of Dr. Samuel B McPheeters to his pulpit. Concerning the removal of 
McPheeters, see Lincoln to Curtis, December 27, 1862, supra. 

[86] 



To Gilman Marston 1 

Military Commander at Executive Mansion, 

Point-Lookout, Md. Washington, Dec. 22, 1863. 

If you have a prisoner by the name Hinder Daniel Linder, 
I think, and certainly the son of U. F. Linder, of Illinois, please 
send him to me by an officer. A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. For General Marston's reply see Lincoln to Stanton, December 
26, infra. 

To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States. December 22, 1863 

I transmit to the Senate, for its consideration with a view to 
ratification, two Conventions between the United States and His 
Belgian Majesty, signed at Brussels on the 2Oth of May and 
the 2oth of July last, respectively, and both relating to the extin- 
guishment of the Scheldt Dues, &c. A copy of so much of the cor- 
respondence between the Secretary of State and Mr. Sanford, the 
Minister Resident of the United States at Brussels, on the subject 
of the Conventions as is necessary to a full understanding of it, is 
also herewith transmitted. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

Washington, December 22nd, 1863. 



DNA RG 46, Senate s8B Bi. Both treaties were ratified on February 
26, 1864. The correspondence transmitted is not filed with Lincoln's message 
and has not been located. 



To Gideon Welles 1 

[December 22, 1863] 

I fear that the publication of a part of the intercepted cor- 
respondence just now may do harm, and I have to request you that, 
so far as in your power, you will suppress any further publication 
of any part of it, either here, at New York or elsewhere, for a few 
days. A. LINCOLN. 

1 Hertz, II, 949, misdated 1862. A bundle of letters captured aboard the Con- 
federate ship Ceres had been turned over by Welles to his chief clerk William 
Faxon, for publication. Welles' Diary under date of December 21, records a 
meeting at which the letters were read: "When we met at eight, Faxon pro- 
ceeded to read them. Those from Trowbridge [N. C. Trowbridge of New York] 
to young Lamar [Colonel Charles A. L. Lamar, who had been a confederate 
agent in England] made some singular disclosures, and one of them made men- 
tion of a nephew of William H. Seward as being concerned in a cargo for run- 
ning the blockade. This disturbed Seward more than I should have supposed, 
for it was not asserted as a fact, and if, as he remarked, there were among 

[87] 



DECKMBER 23, 863 

or thirty nephews one traitor it would not be strange. It was thought 
stoplKublication. I proposed that a portion . . . should be nw.de pb- 
Hc But I was overruled by the others, and Faxon was sent off to stop the 

publication. He was too late, however, for a portion of them had already been 
printed. . . " 

To the Senate and House of Representatives 1 

December 23, 1863 
To the Senate and House of Representatives. 

I transmit to Congress a copy of the Report to the Secretary o 
State of the Commissioners on the part of the United States tinder 
the Convention with Peru of the 12th. of January last, on the sub- 
ject of claims. It will be noticed that two claims of Peruvian citi- 
zens on this Government have been allowed. An appropriation for 
the discharge of the obligations of the United States in these cases 
is requested. ABRAHAM LIIXTCOLINT 

Washington, 23d. December, 1863. 

IDS, DNA RG 46, Senate a8A FS; DS, DNA RG 233, House Original Ex- 
ecutive Document No. 18. Seward's report may be found in Thirty-eighth Con- 
gress, First Session, House of Representatives Executive Document No. *8. An 
act approved on June i, 1864, appropriated to Stephen G. Montano $41,782.38, 
and to Juan del Carmen Vergel $1,170. 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War. Executive Mansion 

My dear Sir: Washington Dec. 23, 1863 

Please see this Lady who is a Sister to our gallant and brave 
friend, Gen. Reynolds, who fell at Gettysburg. Please oblige her if 
you can. Yours truly A. 



1 Copy, ISLA. A note on the bottom of Lincoln's letter reads as follows: "She 
applies that Charles H. Veil gth Penn Reserve orderly to Genl [John F.] 
Reynolds may be appointed 2nd Lieut in a regular regt." Charles H. Veil's ap- 
pointment as second lieutenant in the First U.S. Cavalry was confirmed by the 
Senate on April 7, 1864. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War Executive Mansion, 

Sir. Washington, Dec. 23, 1863. 

Please see Gen. Schenck, and if you can, appoint for him, the 
Additional Pay-Master he will ask. Yours truly A LINCOLN- 

i ALS, owned by Horace A. Hayday, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 

[88] 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Hon. Sec. of War Washington, Dec. 23, 1863. 

Let James C. Gates, a prisoner of War at Fort-Delaware, take the 
oath of allegiance & be discharged. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS-F, ISLA. James C. Gates, captured at Gettysburg, was from Selma, 
Alabama, 

To Whom It May Concern 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Whom it may concern Washington, Dec. 23, 1863. 

The bearer, William Henry Craft, a corporal in Co. C. in the 
82nd. N.Y. Volunteers, comes to me voluntarily, under apprehen- 
sion that he may be arrested, convicted, and punished as a deserter; 
and I hereby direct him to report forthwith to his regiment for 
duty, and, upon condition that he does this, and faithfully serves 
out his term, or until he shall be honorably discharged for any 
cause, he is fully pardoned for any supposed desertion heretofore 
committed. A. LINCOLN. 

1 ALS, IHi. On the inside page of this letter is the following order from Col- 
onel Daniel C. McCallum. 

"Transportation by rail from Maryland Avenue Depot to the front- Army of 
the Potomac will be given to Corporal Wm Henry Craft [in Citizens clothing] 

"This paper must not be taken up by the Conductors." 

Brackets are in the source. 

To Nathaniel E Banks 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Major General Banks Washington, December 24. 1863. 

Yours of the 6th. Inst. has been received, and fully considered. 
I deeply regret to have said or done anything which could give you 
pain, or uneasiness. I have all the while intended you to be master, 
as well in regard to re-organizing a State government for Louisiana, 
as in regard to the military matters of the Department; and hence 
my letters on reconstruction have nearly if not quite all been ad- 
dressed to you. My error has been that it did not occur to me that 
Gov. Shepley or any one else would set up a claim to act inde- 
pendently of you; and hence I said nothing expressly upon the 
point. Language has not been guarded at a point where no danger 
was thought of. I now tell you that in every dispute, with whom- 
soever, you are master. Gov. Shepley was appointed to assist the 

[89] 



DECEMBER 24, 1863 

Commander of the Department, and not to thwart him or act in- 
dependently of him. Instructions have been given directly to him, 
merely to spare you detail labor, and not to supersede your au- 
thority. This, in it's liability to be misconstrued, it now seems was 
an error in us. But it is past. I now distinctly tell you that you are 
master of all, and that I wish you to take the case as you find it, 
and give us a free-state re-organization of Louisiana, in the short- 
est possible time. What I say here is to have a reasonable construc- 
tion. I do not mean that you are to withdraw from Texas, or 
abandon any other military measure which you may deem im- 
portant. Nor do I mean that you are to throw away available work 
already done for re-construction; or that war is to be made upon 
Gov. Shepley, or upon any one else, unless it be found that they 
will not co-operate with you, in which case, and in all cases, you 
are master while you remain in command of the Department. 

My thanks for your successful and valuable operations in Texas. 
Yours as ever A. 



1 ALS, IHi. General Banks wrote on December 6, 1863: 

"Your letter dated Nov. 5th. relating to the organization of Government in 
Louisiana, I reed, upon my return from Texas Dec. 2d. Your letter of the 5th. 
August, upon the same subject, was also duly received, and answered. My reply 
expressed a cordial concurrence in your views, and an earnest desire to co-op- 
erate in their execution. From the first I have regarded reorganization of gov- 
ernment here as of the highest importance, and I have never failed to advocate 
every where the earliest developement of this interest by congressional elections 
and by initiatory measures for state, organization. ... In the initial recon- 
struction, the basis should be that of a free state beyond the possibility of fail- 
ure. Having secured this other states, will easily follow. ... So strong has 
been my conviction on this subject that I requested Governor Boutwell to press 
upon your attention my views when I returned from the Teche Country in 
October. ... I addressed to you a lengthy letter, and also wrote to Governor 
Shepley, and to Mr. Durant, Attorney General and other gentlemen, urging the 
completion of this duty by the quickest methods: but I found most of these gen- 
tlemen so interested in topics, that seemed to me disconnected with the general 
subject, and so slightly disposed to encourage my participation in the affair that 
I retained the letter I had written, and turned my attention, not unwillingly, to 
matters more likely to be accomplished, though not more important. The restora- 
tion of our Flag in Texas from Ringold Barracks on the Rio Grande to the 
Brasos on the coast, rewarded my change of purpose. 

"You will judge my surprise, leniently, I hope, when I learned by your letter 
of the 5th. of Nov. that you attached responsibility to my actions in regard to 
the execution of your wishes. I assure you it is not so understood here. I do not 
so understand it. All the officers of the government are officially informed, that it 
has been committed by special instructions from Washington, to Governor Shep- 
ley. When the crazy project of an unauthorized election in November was made 
known, upon the rumor that I had given it my countenance and my approval 
Governor Shepley and Honorable Mr Durant both notified me by official letters, 
that the subject of an election or state organization had been exclusive!}' com- 
mitted to him, the military Governor. I so understood it myself. I have had 
neither authority, influence, or recognition as an officer entrusted with this duty 
My suggestions are respectfully, but silently received by the Governor and his 

[90] 



DECEMBER 24, 863 

associates. In that I supposed they were right. How then can I be in any just 
sense responsible for the result? I beg your just consideration of these facts! 
Since I received your letter the reply to which is made with extreme solicitude 
I have recurred to my orders from your government. . . . Had the organiza- 
tion of a free state in Louisiana been committed to me under general instruc- 
tions only, it would have been complete before this day. It can be effected now 
in sixty days let me say, even in thirty days, if necessary. . . . But it should 
be undertaken only by those who have authority to act: who know what to do, 
who have no personal interests in addition or superior to the creation of a 
FREE STATE, and who can harmonize the action of individuals without the sac- 
rifice of public interest. I do not suppose I have the qualifications for this duty; 
certain I am that I have not the authority. How then can I be held responsible 
for the failure to satisfy your expectations?. . ." 
See further Lincoln to Banks, December 29, infra. 

To Edward Bates 1 

Attorney General please make out a pardon in the -within case. 
Dec. 24. 1863 A. LINCOLN 

1 AES, DNA RG 204, U.S. Pardon Attorney, A 500. Lincoln's endorsement 
is written on a letter from Representative George H. Yeaman, December 21, 
1863, enclosing an application for pardon of William Murray Brown of Ken- 
tucky. 

Endorsement 1 

December 24, 1863 

Comrs. to appraise Negroes in Missouri. These recommendations 
were very urgently pressed by those M.C's whose names appear. 

I have given no attention to the subject; & did not even know of 
the order No. 135. A. LINCOLN 

Dec. 24. 1863. 

1 AES, owned by John F. Reed, Upper Darby, Pennsylvania. The endorse- 
ment has been clipped from attendant papers. 

To Oilman Marston 1 

Military Commander, at Executive Mansion 

Point Lookout, Md. Washington D.C. Dec. 24. 1863 

If you send Linder to me as directed a day or two ago, also send 
Edwin C. Claybrook, of gth. Virginia, rebel cavalry. 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. Bates' Diary under date of December 24, 1863, records concern- 
ing the son of Colonel R. A. Claybrook of Northumberland, Virginia: 

"The Prest, being abt. to send for young Linder of Ills: at my instance, 
ordered up young Claybrook also .... to release them, if they will only accept 
the boon, or any reasonable terms. 

[91] 



DECEMBER 24, 1863 

"The Prest: is anxious to gratify Linder, the father who is his old friend; 
and I Ln very desirous to make a New Year's gift of Claybrook, to his father 

and family. ..." 

See Lincoln to Bates, December 30, infra. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

December 24, 1863 

If there is a vacancy of Lieutenant in the 5th Artillery, oblige 
Judge Clifford by appointing Samuel Oilman, Jr. now a private in 
that Regiment, to that vacancy unless you know some substantial 
reason to the contrary. A. LUNTCOLTNT. 

i Stan. V. Henkels Catalog 1494, November 20, 1935, No. 52. Judge Nathan 
Clifford of the New York Supreme Court wrote William Whiting, solicitor of 
the War Department, December 19, 1863, to call attention to "y un S Samuel 
Gilman Jr of New York City. . . . What I want is to get him a commis- 
sion. . . ." (DLC-RTL). Gilman was appointed second lieutenant in the Fifth 
Artillery, April 7, 1864, and dismissed on December 6, 1864. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Will the Sec. of War please re-consider this case, and oblige Mr. Rice 
and the Vice-President, if he consistently can? A. LINCOLN 

Dec. 24. 1863 

1 AES-P, ISLA. Lincoln's endorsement appears on a letter of Major George 
Fuller, Sixth Maine Volunteers, November 22, 1863, to Brigadier General Seth 
Williams, Assistant Adjutant General, Army of the Potomac, requesting that 
First Sergeant William H. Coan be mustered into service as second lieutenant of 
Company H. for gallant and meritorious service and because of the shortage of 
lieutenants. The accompanying letters of Representative John H. Rice and Vice- 
president Hamlin are no longer with Fuller's letter. Succeeding endorsements 
by Thomas M. Vincent and others indicate that the request was not granted: 
"The provisions of General Orders No. 182, C.S. cannot be departed from." 



To John D. Stiles 1 

December 24, 1863 

Will Hon. Mr. Stiles please inform me, of what crime Becker was 
convicted in what court when how long he has served under 
the sentence and whether he has behaved well? A. LINCOLN- 
Dec. 24. 1863 

1 AES, DNA RG 204, U.S. Pardon Attorney, A 466. Lincoln's endorsement 
is written on a letter from John D. Stiles, member of congress from Pennsyl- 
vania, December 16, 1863, asking pardon for George S. Becker, convicted* of 
passing counterfeit money and sentenced in Washington to the penitentiary at 
Albany, New York. See Lincoln to Bates, January 5 and 25, 1864, infra. 

[92] 



To Bayard Taylor 1 

Hon. Bayard Taylor: Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, Dec. 25. 1863. 

I think a good lecture or two on "Serfs, Serfdom, and Emancipa- 
tion in Russia" would be both interesting and valuable. Could not 
you get up such a thing? Yours truly A. LINCOLN. 

1 ALS, OClWHi. Recently returned from his post as secretary of legation at 
St. Petersburg, Bayard Taylor replied on December 28: 

"I have just received your Christmas suggestion, and with all the more pleas- 
ure because I think quite as you do with regard to the interest and importance 
of the subject you propose. I intended, at first, to devote a part of my present 
lecture to Russian serfdom and its abolishment, but found that it would make 
my discourse altogether too long. I therefore decided to give, first of all, a gen- 
eral account of Russia and the people, concerning which I had many things to 
say which are not only new to our people, but advantageous for them to know. 
My own short experience has satisfied me that no country (except, perhaps, our 
own) has been as misrepresented as Russia. 

"It is rather late, this winter, to prepare a new lecture, especially as I have en- 
gaged to deliver that on 'Russia and Her People' in some thirty different cities; 
but I fully understand the interest of the subject you propose, and desire to 
present it, in some way, to the public. There are only slight resemblances be- 
tween Russian serfdom and slavery in the southern states, although they rest 
on the same basis property in Man but the complete success of the scheme 
of emancipation in Russia has much significance for this nation at the present 
time. 

"I am very much gratified by the manifestation of your personal interest in 
the subject, and hope that I may be able to contribute, though so indirectly, to 
the growth of truer and more enlightened views among the people. . . ." 
(DLC-RTL). 

To Ambrose E. Burnside 1 

Major General Burnside Executive Mansion, 

Providence, R.I. Washington, Dec. 26, 1863. 

Yours in relation to Privates Eaton & Burrows, of the 6th. N.H. 
is received. When you reach here about New- Year, call on me, 
and we will fix it up or I will do it sooner if you say so. 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. Burnside's communication to which Lincoln replied has not 
been discovered. The roster of the Sixth New Hampshire lists Abel Eaton of 
Company C, mustered November 27, 1861, and re-enlisted January 24, 1864; 
and Daniel Burrows, Company G, mustered November 28, 1861, re-enlisted 
January 24, 1864. See further Lincoln to Burnside, December 29, and to Boyle, 
January 5, 1864, infra. 

To Joseph Holt 1 

Let the Surgeon General be put upon trial by a court, as sug- 
gested by the Judge Advocate General. A. LINCOLN 
Dec. 26. 1863. 

[93] 



DECEMBER 26, 1863 

i AES, DNA WR RG 1 S 3, Judge Advocate General, MM 1430. Lincoln's en- 
dorseme^t is written on the envelope containing the report of a military com- 
mission ordered July a, 1863, to investigate purchases and disbursements of 
^en General WUliani A. Hammond. The court-martial tried Hammond on 
changes of irregularities in letting contracts and sentenced him to be dismissed 
on August 18, 1864. From September 3, 1863 to August 18, 1864, Joseph K. 
Barnes was acting surgeon general during the investigation and trial of Ham- 
mond, and was appointed to replace Hammond upon the latter s dismissal. By 
act of congress, March 15, 1878, a re-investigation was ordered, and Hammond 
was restored as a brigadier general on the retired list without pay or allowances, 
as of August 27, 1879. 

To Usher F. Linder 1 

Hon. U. F. Linder Executive Mansion 

Chicago, Ills. Washington DC. Dec. 26. 1863 

Your son Dan. has just left me, with my order to the Sec. of War, 
to administer to him the oath of allegiance, discharge him & send 
him to you. A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. See Lincoln to Stanton, infra. 

To George G. Meade 1 

Major General Meade Executive Mansion, 

Army of the Potomac Washington, Dec. 26, 1863. 

If Christopher Delker of the 61 st. Penn. Vols. is iinder sentence 
of death, do not execute him till further order. 

Whenever it shall be quite convenient I shall be glad to have a 
conference with you about this class of cases. A. 



1 ALS, owned by Robert B. Davis, Bridgeport, Connecticut. Meade's reply to 
Lincoln's telegram was received at 10:05 P.M.: "The sentence in the case of 
private Christopher Delker 6ist. Penna. Vols tried for desertion was forfeiture 
of pay & two years service after expiration of his original term, then to be dis- 
honorably discharged. I will try next week to get up to Washn. and confer with 
you as you request. I am quite busy now with the re enlistment of veteran 
volunteers." (DLG-RTL). The roster of Company B lists Christian Delker as 
returned to service and mustered out with his company on June 28, 1865. 

Memorandum: 

Appointment of Benjamin F. Hoffman 1 

[December 26, 1863] 
Gov. Tod asks a Judgeship for Benj. F. Hoffman. 

1 A ^> S- Lincoln's endorsement is written on the envelope of a telegram 
from David Tod, December 26, 1863, recommending his private secretary Ben- 
jamin B. Hoffman. No record of Hoffman's appointment has been found. 

[94] 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

December 26, 1863 

Daniel W. Lander, the Daniel Linder named within, is the son of 

my friend U. F. Linder, at Chicago, Ills. Please administer the oath 

of allegiance to him, discharge him, and send him to his father. 

Dec. 26, 1863. A. LINCOLN. 

1 John Heise Catalog No. 2464, pp. 17-18. According to the catalog descrip- 
tion, Lincoln's endorsement is written on a telegram from Brigadier General 
Oilman Marston, December 25, 1863, as follows: "In compliance with your re- 
quest of the 22nd. inst. received last evening I send to you ... a prisoner of 
war named Danl. Linder, son of U. F. Linder of Illinois." Beneath Lincoln's 
endorsement Stanton referred the matter to Edward D. Townsend to administer 
the oath and execute the order. 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, Dec. 26. 1863. 

Shall we go down the river to-morrow? And if so, at what hour 
shall we leave the wharf? and which wharf? 

Mrs. L. & Tad, perhaps would go. I am not at all urgent about it, 
& would not have you incur the least inconvenience for it. I merely 
mean now that if we go, the details better be fixed. Yours as ever 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, NHi. No reply has been located. Lincoln's return from Point Lookout 
on the evening of December 28 was reported in the New York Tribune for De- 
cember 29: "The President and Secretary of War returned to-night from a short 
visit to the encampment of Rebel prisoners at Point Lookout. It is understood 
that they satisfied themselves that not less than a thousand, or about a tenth 
of the whole number, are ready to enter the service of the United States." 



To Nathaniel P. Banks 1 

Executive Mansion 
Major Gen. Banks Washington, Dec. 29. 1863. 

Yours of the 6th. is received; and I send you, as covering the 
ground of it, a copy of my answer to yours of the 6th. it being 
possible the original may not reach you. I intend you to be master 
in every controversy made with you. Yours truly 

A. Lmcousr 

1 ALS, IHi. This letter is written on the back of a copy of Lincoln's letter of 
December 24, supra, in John Hay's handwriting signed by Lincoln. On Decem- 
ber 16 Banks wrote as follows: 

"Earnest and continued reflection upon the subject of your letter of the 5th. 

[95] 



DECEMBER 2 Q, 863 

November induces me to make a further reply than my answer of the 6th in- 
stant contained. It is apparent that you do not view public affairs in this 
Department precisely as they are presented to me and other officers representing 
your adniinistration. ,. . 

"I am only in partial command here: There are not less than four distinct 
governments here, claiming and exercising original and independent powers 
based upon instructions received directly from Washington, and recognizing no 
other authority than their own. ... I have never asked increase of authority: 
but as your letter implies a responsibility in some matters which I did not un- 
derstand were commited to me, I think it my duty to you personally, and to 
your government officially, to represent my position and the difficulties I en- 
counter in other relations than those referred to in my letter of the 6th. instant 
which relates to the re-construction of the state government in Louisiana 
only. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 

To Ambrose E. Burnside 1 

Major Gen. Burnside Executive Mansion 

Providence, R.I Washington D.C. Dec. 29, 1863 

You may telegraph Eaton and Burrows that these cases will be 
disposed of according to your request when you come to Washing- 
ton. A. 



1 ALS, RPB. See Lincoln to Burnside, December 26, supra. Burnside's tele- 
gram of December 29 was received at 8 P.M.: "The necessary papers in the 
case of Private Eaton & Burrows of the Sixth . . . New Hampshire can be 
made out after my arrival in Washn. Am I authorized to telegraph to the Com- 
manding Officer that the sentence will not be carried into effect? I feel that it 
is best to decide at once in order to avoid mistakes." (DLC-RTL). See Lincoln 
to Boyle, January 5, 1864, infra. 



To George G. Meade 1 

Majr. Gen. Meade. Executive Mansion, 

Army of Potomac Washington, Dec. 29, 1863 

I am appealed to in behalf of Joseph Richardson of 4gth. Penn. 
and Moses Chadbourne (in some New-Hampshire regt.) said to 
be under sentence for desertion. As in other cases do not let them 
be executed till further order. A LINCOLN 

1ALS-F, ISLA. Meade's reply to Lincoln's telegram was received at 12-50 
P.M.: "Telegram reed. The execution of the sentence in the case of private 
Joseph Richardson Co 'A' 4gth. Pa Vols has been suspended till further orders 
and the proceedings will be immediately sent to you. There is no such case 
before me as that of Moses Chadbourn of a New Hampshire regt as referred to 
by you." (DLC-RTL). The roster of the Forty-ninth Pennsylvania lists Rich- 
ardson as discharged by order of the Presidentdate unknown." The roster of 
the Second New Hampshire lists Private Moses Chadbourn, Company D as de- 
serted on July 7 1862, apprehended on November 8, 1863, and discharged at 
Fredericksburg, Virginia, on October 20, 1865. See further Lincoln to Meade 
January 3, 1864, infra. ' 

[96] 



Memorandum Concerning Joseph J. Stewart 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, Dec. 29, 1863. 
To-day Mr. Sterling, State Senator for Baltimore City, and Mr. 
Silverwood, Rep. of same city, Mr. Newnes Deputy States Atty 
for same city, and Judge King of Common Pleas of same city, call 
& protest against the removal of Joseph J. Stuart, as Collector of 
2nd. District. The District includes seven wards of the city, & Mr. 
Silverwood resides in the Districts, but the others do not 

1 AD, DLC-RTL. See Lincoln's memorandum concerning the removal of 
James L. Ridgely, December 17, supra. Archibald Stirling, William Silverwood, 
Albert A. Nunes, whose name Lincoln misspelled, and John C. King were the 
men named by Lincoln. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

December 29, 1863 

Senator Browning, personally knows, and vouches for the writer of 
this letter. Let William T. Dazey, named within, take the oath 
prescribed in the proclamation of Dec. 8th. and be bailed to his 
brother the writer of this letter. A. LINCOLN 

Dec. 29. 1863 

1 AES, IHi. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter of Mitchell Dazey, 
Quincy, Illinois, to Senator Orville H. Browning, December 22, 1863, asking re- 
lease of his brother William T. Dazey of Mississippi, imprisoned at Alton, 
Illinois. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

If the within request can be lawfully granted, let it be done. 
Dec. 29. 1863. A. LINCOLN 

1 AES, DLC-RTL. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter of J. H. 
Puleston to John G. Nicolay, "Gov. Curtin writes me anxiously about his 
Brother-in-law Capt. William Wilson of whom he spoke to you at Gettysburgh. 
. . . Wilson is now detached from his Regt . . . and as he is liable at any 
time to be sent back to his Regt. Mrs. Curtin is very desirous to have him 
apptd. A.A.G. or something else with rank of Captain, so that he may be sure to 
remain with [Winfield S.] Hancock who wants him. . . ." No further appoint- 
ment for Captain William P. Wilson of the One Hundred Forty-eighth Penn- 
sylvania Infantry seems to have been made until he was appointed aide-de-camp 
with rank of captain for the First Army Corps (Veteran) on January 23, 1865. 

To Edward Bates 1 

Hon. Attorney General, December 30, 1863 

Herewith I send you Edwin C. Claybrook, as you requested. I 

now place him at your control. Yours truly, A. 

Dec. 30, 1863. 

[97] 



DECEMBER 3 O, 1863 

i AES owned by Frederick M. Dearborn, New York City. Lincoln's endorse- 
mentt written o/the back of a communication from .Genera] I Gilman Marston 
December 29, 1863: "In obedience to your dispatch of the 24th uist. ... I send 
December ^9^.3 ^ ^^ Q g Va rebel cavalry. Said Claybrook declines 



to take the oath of allegiance. . . . 

Bates' Diary records under date of December 30, 1863: . 

"To day was delivered to me, by written order of the President, Edwin C. 
Claybrook. . . . Afterwards Jany. 5- ? I took his parole, . . . and sent him down 
the Potomac ... he got home on the gth. on which day, he wrote me a very 
manly and gentlemanly letter. . . ." 

To Jeremiah T. Boyle 1 

Gen. Boyle Executive Mansion, 

Louisville, Ky. Washington, Dec. 30, 1863. 

It is said that Corporal Robert L. Crowell, of Co. E. 20 Ky, Vol. 
Infy. is under sentence to be shot on the 8th. of January, at Louis- 
ville. Do not let the sentence be executed until further order from 
rne. A. LINCOLN 

* ALS, RPB. See further Lincoln to Boyle, January 5, 1864, infra. 

To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Major General Butler Executive Mansion 

Fort-Monroe, Va. Washington, D.C. Dec. 30. 1863 

Jacob Bowers is fully pardoned for past offence, upon condition 
that he returns to duty, and re-enlists for three years or during the 
war. A. 



3-ALS, RPB. General Butler telegraphed Lincoln on December 30: "Jacob 
Bowers was sentenced to imprisonment for life by Genl. Order No. 37, from 
these Head Qrs which sentence was approved by me Nov. 24th. for desertion. I 
now believe that he simply acted under a misapprehension of his duty, being o 
German not understanding his duty. Please permit me to remit this sentence if 
he returns to duty and re enlists during the war. I suppose I have the power 
now to do so but the papers are in Washington. This is the first time I have 
ever asked you to pardon any body." (DLC-RTL). 

Additional Instructions 
to Direct Tax Commissioners 1 

December 31, 1863 

^ Additional instructions to the Direct tax Commissioners for the 
District of South Carolina in relation to the disposition of lands: 

i. You will allow any loyal person of twenty one years of ago, 
or upwards, who has at any time since the occupation by the na- 
tional forces resided for six months, or now resides upon, or is 

[98] 



DECEMBER 31, 1863 

engaged in cultivating any lands in your district owned by the 
United States to enter the same for preemption to the extent of one, 
or at the option of the preemptor, two tracts of twenty acres each, 
paying therefor one dollar and twenty five cents per acre. You will 
give preference in all cases to heads of families, and married 
women whose husbands are engaged in the service of the United 
States, or are necessarily absent. 

2 You will permit each soldier, sailor or marine actually en- 
gaged in the service of the United States, or any who may have 
been, or hereafter shall be honorably discharged to preempt and 
purchase in person, or by authorized agents, at the rate of one dol- 
lar, twenty five cents per acre, one tract of twenty acres of land, 
if single and, if married, two tracts of twenty acres each, in addi- 
tion to the amount, a head of family, or married woman in the 
absence of her husband, is allowed to preempt and purchase under 
the general privilege to loyal persons. 

3 Each preemptor on filing his claim and receiving a certificate 
of preemption must pay in United States notes, two fifths of the 
price, and the residue on receiving a deed for the parcels of land 
preempted, and a failure to make complete payment on receipt of 
the Deed will forfeit all rights under the preemption, as well as all 
partial payments for the land. 

4 When persons authorized to purchase by preemption desire 
to enter upon, and cultivate lands not yet surveyed, they may do 
so, but they will be required to conform in their selection, as near- 
ly as possible, to the probable lines of the surveys, and to take and 
occupy them subject to correction of title and occupation by actual 
surveys when made. 

5. In making surveys, such reservations for paths and road- 
ways will be made as will allow easy and convenient access to the 
several subdivisions entered for sale and occupancy by preemption 
or otherwise. Approved December 31. 1863. 

A. LINCOLN. 

1 Copy, DNA FI RG 58, Direct Tax Commission of South Carolina. 

To George G. Meade 1 

Will Gen. Meade please suspend execution, in this, case, as in 
others. A. LINCOLN 

Dec. 31. 1863. 

1 AES, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, NN 831. Lincoln's en- 
dorsement is written on the papers in the case of Corporal David McGahan, 
Forty-ninth Pennsylvania Volunteers, sentenced for desertion. 

[99] 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Will the Secretary of War please have early attention given to this 
subject? A - LINCOLN 

Dec. 31. 1863. 

i AES, DNA WR RG 156, Office of Chief of Ordnance, N 145. Lincoln's en- 
dorsement is written on a petition from employees at the Water town Arsenal 
(Massachusetts) setting forth grievances, chiefly longer working hours than 
were in force at Navy Yards. An endorsement by General George D. Ramsay, 
January 7, 1864, instructed that "working hours now in force at the Charles- 
town Navy Yard" be conformed to at the arsenal. 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War. Executive Mansion, 

Sir: Washington, Dec. 31, 1863. 

John Tipton, an acquaintance of mine, in the county of my 
residence, represents that he has lost one brother, and had another 
crippled for life, in our service, and that he has a nephew M. P. 
Davis, who was conscripted in the rebel service and is now our 
prisoner at Camp Douglas. He asks that the nephew, may be dis- 
charged on taking the oath. Let it be done. Yours truly 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, owned by Mrs. Jennie G. Curl, Eureka, California. Brothers of John 
P. Tipton of Springfield, Illinois, were: Private Landon P. Tipton, Company I, 
Seventh Illinois Volunteers, and Sergeant Isaac H. Tipton of the same company 
who died at Louisville, Kentucky, on April 2, 1862. No further reference has 
been found to his nephew, M. P Davis. 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec of War. Executive Mansion, 

Sir: Washington, Dec sist. 1863 

Please fix up the Dept. to which Curtis is to go without waiting 
to wind up the Missouri matter. Lane is very anxious to have Fort 
Smith in it, and I am willing -unless there be decided Military 
reasons the contrary, in which case of course I am not for it. 

It will oblige me to have the Curtis Department fixed at once 
Yours truly, A LINCOLN. 

DNA WR RG 108, Headquarters of the Army, Letters Received, No 
, general Orders No. , January i, 1864, assigned General Samuel 
to command the Department of Kansas, consisting of Kansas, 
Colorado, and the Indian territories, including the post of Fort Smith, 

[100] 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

1864 

The Hon. Secretary of War: Please see and hear Mrs Kennedy 
and oblige her if you can find a place for her son. 1864 
1 Copy, CSmH. Mrs. Kennedy has not been identified. 

To Thomas T. Eckert 1 

[c. January, 1864] 
Private Please send the above. A. 



1 AES, RPB. Lincoln's endorsement is written on the following undated 
telegram: 

"C. P. Johnson, Esq. Jefferson City Mo. 

"Dont let the convention bill be pressed to a vote for some days after it 
comes up. I will write you at length. B. GRATZ BROWN" 

Charles P Johnson of St. Louis, Missouri, was a member of the state legis- 
lature. The first ballot on the bill calling for an election to be held in Novem- 
ber, 1864, for election of delegates to a constitutional convention, was taken in 
the Missouri legislature on January 14, 1864, and the act was finally approved 
on February 13, 1864. 

To James S. Wadsworth 1 

[January, 1864?] 

You desire to know, in the event of our complete success in the 
field, the same being followed by a loyal and cheerful submission 
on the part of the South, if universal amnesty should not be ac- 
companied with universal suffrage. 

Now, since you know my private inclinations as to what terms 
should be granted to the South in the contingency mentioned, I 
will here add, that if our success should thus be realized, followed 
by such desired results, I cannot see, if universal amnesty is 
granted, how, under the circumstances, I can avoid exacting in 
return universal suffrage, or, at least, suffrage on the basis of in- 
telligence and military service. 

How to better the condition of the colored race has long been a 
study which has attracted my serious and careful attention; hence 
I think I am clear and decided as to what course I shall pursue in 
the premises, regarding it a religious duty, as the nation's guardian 
of these people, who have so heroically vindicated their manhood 
on the battle-field., where, in assisting to save the life of the Re- 
public, they have demonstrated in blood their right to the ballot, 
which is but the humane protection of the flag they have so fear- 
lessly defended. 

[101] 



JANUARY 1, 1864 

The restoration of the Rebel States to the Union must rest upon 
the principle of civil and political equality of both races; and it 
must be sealed by general amnesty. 2 

iNew York Tribune, September 26, 1865; Scribner's Magazine, January, 
1893. This extract was widely reprinted in newspapers from the source in- 
dicated in the Tribune as follows: 

"The Southern Advocate of the i8th inst. says: 

" 4 The following extract, which has just been published, is from the late 
President Lincoln's letter to Gen. Wadsworth, who fell in the battle of the 
Wilderness. The letter, which is of a private character, is to be sent to Gen. 
Wadsworth's family. ** 

" 4 It shows that Mr. Lincoln, who desired the bestowal of the elective fran- 
chise upon the blacks, was also, at an early day, in favor of granting universal 
amnesty, which, for some strange and unaccountable reason, is still withheld 
from the South, notwithstanding it is known that it was his intention to grant, 
without any exception, a general pardon. 

" 4 His wishes, in this particular, the American people cannot afford to dis- 
regard. Congress will, no doubt, exact the right of suffrage for the blacks. Why 
universal amnesty should be withheld until that time, we are unable to soe. 
This, certainly, was not Mr. Lincoln's plan, whose intentions all parties 
should sacredly observe. 

" 'The following is the extract referred to, in which Mr. Lincoln says: [ex- 
tract as given above] .' " 

The Southern Advocate has not been located, and no other reference has 
been found to the original letter to Wadsworth. The contents of the excerpt 
is, however, closely in keeping with views expressed by Lincoln elsewhere (see 
Fragment, August 26, 1863, supra), and seems to be genuine. The date as- 
signed is based upon the fact that General Wadsworth returned from his tour 
of inspection of freedmen in the Mississippi Valley on December 3, 1863, and 
on the supposition that Lincoln's letter would probably have been written 
some time thereafter, but in any case prior to May, 1864, since Wadsworth 
was killed in the Battle of the Wilderness, May 5-7, 1864. 

2 This paragraph does not appear in the newspaper accounts, but is in- 
cluded in the article by Marquis de Chambrun in Scribner's Magazine. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Let this appointment be made, if the service can be made useful. 
Jan. i, 1864 A. LINCOLN 

1 City Book Auction Catalog No. 523, April 28, 1951, No. A 22 . According to 
the catalog description, Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter from five 
officers recommending promotion of David McKinney. First Lieutenant David 
McKmney, regimental quartermaster of the Seventy-seventh Illinois Infantry 
was promoted to captain and assistant quartermaster on March 5, 1865. 

To Jeremiah C. Sullivan 1 

Gen. Sullivan Washington, D.C., 

Harper's Ferry. Jan . t- 3/3O PM S6 ^ 

Have you anything new from Winchester, Martinsbure; or 
thereabouts? A LINCOLN 

[102] 



JANUARY 2, 864 

1 ALS, RPB. On December 31, 1863, General Sullivan had reported to Gen- 
eral Benjamin F. Kelley that General Jubal Early would attack within twenty- 
four hours (OR, I, XXIX, II, 591). His reply to Lincoln's telegram was re- 
ceived at 5:30 P.M. on January i, 1864: 

"I have ordered a force to Winchester strong enough to develop anything 
that may be there. I believe the reports from Martinsburg this morning were 
premature. I am now leaving for Martinsburg to see for myself." (DLC-RTL). 

To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Major Gen. Butler Washington, Jan. 2, 1864. 

The Secretary of War and myself have concluded to discharge, 
of the prisoners at Point Lookout, the following classes. 

\ Those who will take the oath prescribed in the proclamation 
of Dec. 8., and, by the consent of Gen. Marston will enlist in our 
service. 

2. Those who will take the oath, and be discharged, and whose 
homes lie safely within our military lines. 

I send by Mr. Hay, this letter, and a blank Book & some other 
blanks, the way of using which, I propose for him to explain 
verbally, better than I can in writing. Yours very truly 

A. 



l ALS-P, ISLA. This letter is incorrectly dated "January 2, 1863" by Nicolay 
and Hay (VIII, 167). Concerning the blanks prepared by Lincoln for the 
oath of December 8, 1863, see the note to Lincoln's communication to Peirpoint, 
December 21, 1863, supra. Hay's Diary records under date of January 2, 1864, 
his trip to Point Lookout with the blanks. 

To Joseph Holt 1 

Judge Advocate General please examine and report on this case. 
Jan. 2. 1864. A. LINCOLN 

1 AES, RPB. Lincoln's endorsement has been clipped from attendant docu- 
ments and cannot be further identified. 

To Francis H. Peirpoint 1 

Gov. Pierpoint. Executive Mansion 

Alexandria, Va. Washington D.C. Jan. 2. 1864 

Please call and see me to-day, if not too inconvenient. 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. Peirpoint's reply, misdated "Jan 2 1863," is as follows: 
"Your telegram asking me to call on you to day is reed. I returned from 
Norfolk on Wednesday morning last and regret that I was so near sick that 
I have not been out of my room but once since. It is severe cold. The first 
day I can venture out I will call on you. 
"I found things" (DLC-RTL). 

[103] 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

January 2, 1864 

The writer of this is a good man, and EM. at Chicago. Webster, 
from whom he quotes, is also a good man, and the locus in quo, as 
you know, is under Gen. Hurlbut. I submit this case to the Sec. of 



Jan. 2. 1864. 

1AES, DLC-Stanton Papers. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter 
from John L. Scripps, December 30, 1863, quoting an extract from a letter 
of Brigadier General Joseph D. Webster at Memphis, Tennessee, saymg that 
"corruption is openly and constantly charged upon officers in that Department. 
The President should order a Court of Inquiry." 



To Stephen A. Hurlbut 1 

Major-General Hurlbut, Executive Mansion, 

Memphis, Tenn.: Washington, January 3, 1864. 

Suspend execution of sentence of Privt. Peter Fingle of Fcmr- 
teenth Iowa Volunteers, and forward record of trial for examin- 
ation. A. 



iTarbell (Appendix), p. 407. Hurlbut replied on January 11, "The sentence 
of Peter Wingle [Fingle] fourteenth (14) Iowa Infantry has been recalled & 
the record sent to Genl Sherman for his approval, Col Holt having decided 
that I do not command our army in the field" (DLC-RTL). The roster of 
Company G, Fourteenth Iowa, lists Peter Fingle as deserted at Corinth, Mis- 
sissippi, May 7, 1862. No further record has been found. 



To George G. Meade 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Major-General Meade: Washington, January 3, 1864. 

Suspend the execution of Prvt. Joseph Richardson, Forty-ninth 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, who is sentenced to be shot to-morrow, 
and forward record of trial for examination. A. LINCOLN. 

Major Eckert: 

Please send above dispatch. JITO. G. NICOLAY. 



ivyr ( A PP endix ) P- 408. See Lincoln to Meade, December 29 supra 

Meade s reply was received at 3:10 P.M.: "Your dispatch of today in reference 
to private Joseph Richardson, 49 th P.V., is received. In obedience to orders 
reed, from you the execution of the sentence in this case was suspended on 
mT 2 r T^r N T' ? 5 reC , rd Was forwarded for your orders on the 3 oth. ult." 
Tni ?/'^ C o a dso ?! * e * tence was commuted to imprisonment in Dry 
Tortugas by AGO Special Orders No. 66, May 3, 1864. 

[104] 



To Edward Bates 1 

Attorney General, please make out a pardon in this case. 

Jan. 4. 1864. A. LINCOLN 

1 AES, IHi. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter from L. M. Bentley, 
Clarksville, Tennessee, December 21, 1863, asking pardon for having served 
briefly in 1862 as postmaster at Lawrenceburg under Confederate appoint- 
ment. 



To Edward Bates 1 

Attorney General please make out a pardon in the case which 
Hon. Mr. Grider will request. A. LINCOLN 

Jan. 4. 1864. 

1 AES, DNA RG 204, U.S. Pardon Attorney, A 504. Lincoln's endorsement 
is written on an envelope filed with the papers of Josiah Pillsbury of Kentucky, 
convicted of treason. 



Recommendation 1 

I personally know nothing of this Lady; and yet I shall be very 
glad if she can get some suitable employment. A. LINCOLN 
Jan. 4. 1864. 

i ADS, IHi. 



To Edward Bates 1 

Attorney General please examine & report upon this case. 
Jan. 5, 1864. A. LINCOLN 

1 AES, DNA RG 204, U.S. Pardon Attorney, A 466. Lincoln's endorsement 
is written on the papers in the case of George S. Becker. See Lincoln to Stiles, 
December 24, 1863, supra, and to Bates, January 25, infra. 



To Henry T. Blow 1 

Executive Mansion Washington, 
My Dear Mr Blow 5 January, 1 864. 

I have received the photograph of Mr. Schaerpp's picture which 
you have had the kindness to deliver, and I beg that you will ex- 
press to the artist my thanks for his courtesy I am yours very truly 

Hon. H. T. Blow. A. LINCOLN. 

[105] 



JANUARY 5, 1864 

i Copy ISLA. The present location of the original letter is not known, and the 
only available transcript seems to be in error as to the artist's name. John W. 
Schaerff was an artist and lithographer at St. Louis, Missouri. Henry T. Blow 
as president of the Western Academy of Art probably sent Lincoln an example 
of Schaerff' s work, possibly a lithograph of Lincoln, but the picture has not been 
identified. 

To Jeremiah T. Boyle 1 

General Boyle Executive Mansion 

Camp-Nelson, Ky Washington D.C. Jan. 5. 1864 

Execution in the cases of Burrows and Eaton, is suspended, as 
stated by Gen. Burnside. Let this be taken as an order to that 
effect. I do not remember receiving any appeal in behalf of God- 
dard, Crowell, Puckett, or Smith, and yet I may have sent a des- 
patch in regard to some of them A. 



*ALS, RPB. See Lincoln to Burnside, December 26 and 29, 1863, supra, 
and to Boyle, January 6, infra. AGO Special Orders No. *, January 12, 1864, 
commuted sentences of Daniel Burrows, Company D, and Abel Eaton, Com- 
pany C, Sixth New Hampshire Volunteers, to hard labor for the balance of 
their term of enlistment, but remitted this sentence and returned them to duty 
"upon condition they re-enlist in their regiment." The same order remitted sen- 
tence of Corporal Robert L. Crowell, Twentieth Kentucky Volunteers and re- 
turned him to duty. See Lincoln to Boyle concerning Crowell, December 30, 
1863, supra. 



To Mary Todd Lincoln 1 

Mrs. A Lincoln Continental Hotel. Washington, B.C., 

Philadelphia, Pa. Jany. 5. 1864 

All very well. A LINCOLN 

1 ALS, IHi. "Continental Hotel" is not in Lincoln's handwriting. 

To George G. Meade 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Major General Meade Washington, Jan. 5, 1864 

If not inconsistent with the service, please allow Gen. William 
Harrow as long a leave of absence as the rules permit, with the 
understanding that I may lengthen it, if I see fit. He is an ac- 
quaintance and friend of mine, & his family matters, very urgent- 
ly require his presence. A . 



iCopy DNA WR RG 94, Adjutant General, Letters Received P , See Lin 
coin's endorsement to Stanton, January 7, infra. 

[106] 



To the Senate and House of Representatives 1 

Gentlemen of the Senate, and January 5, 1864 

House of Representatives. 

By a Joint Resolution of your Honorable bodies, approved De- 
cember 23. 1863. the paying of bounties to veteran volunteers, as 
now practiced by the War Department, is, to the extent of three 
hundred dollars in each case, prohibited after this fifth day of the 
present month. I transmit, for your consideration, a communica- 
tion from the Secretary of War, accompanied by one from the 
Provost-Marshal-General to him, both relating to the subject 
above mentioned. I earnestly recommend that the law be so modi- 
fied as to allow bounties to be paid as they now are, at least until 
the ensuing first day of February. 

I am not without anxiety lest I appear to be importunate, in 
thus re-calling your attention to a subject upon which you have 
so recently acted; and nothing but a deep conviction that the pub- 
lic interest demands it, could induce me to incur the hazard of 
being misunderstood on this point. The executive approval was 
given by me to the Resolution mentioned; and it is now, by a 
closer attention, and a fuller knowledge of facts, that I feel con- 
strained to recommend a re-consideration of the subject. 

January 5. 1864. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

lADf, DLC-RTL; DS, DNA RG 46, Senate s8A F4; DS, DNA RG 233, 
House Executive Document. The letter o James B. Fry to Stanton, January 2, 
1864, is as follows: 

"After great labor the volunteer recruiting service under the President's call 
of October 17th is fairly in progress. Letters all dated between the 2oth & 24th 
of December from the Superintendents of Recruiting Service in Sixteen states 
are in the main very encouraging as to the prospect of getting a large number 
of recruits by volunteer enlistments. Several of the states were in a fair way 
to raise the quotas assigned them. The Act approved December 23d. 1863, for- 
bidding after January 5th the payment to volunteers of all bounties except 
$100 authorized by the Act of 1861 was not known at the time these favorable 
reports were made to me. I have no doubt the effect of that act will be to 
check if it does not stop enlistments. Of the $100 bounty provided by Act of 
1861 but $25 can be paid in advance, $75 being due only after two years serv- 
ice. 

"It took some time after October i/th to get the people aroused to the subject 
of volunteering; they are now in most states earnestly engaged in it, & I have 
reports for October, November & part of December showing that 42,529 men 
have been enlisted, & the daily average of enlistments is increasing. Under 
these circumstances I respectfully suggest the propriety of a reconsideration of 
the Act forbidding bounties after January 5th. I enclose herewith copy of my 
report to you of the 25th December. . . ." 

Stanton's letter of January 5, 1864, is as follows: 

"I beg to submit to 3 r our consideration the accompanying letter of the Pro- 
vost Marshal General. . . . No one seems to doubt the necessity of increasing 
the military force . . . and, although much difference of opinion exists in re- 

[107] 



JANUARY 5, 1864 

spect to the merits of the system of raising troops by volunteers and *e pay- 
ment of bounties, and the system of raising an adequate force by draft, yet two 



rsa may be the weight of argument or the influence of 

individual opinion, a large portion of the people . . . prefer the method of 
contributing their proportion of the military force by bounty to volunteers 
rather than by draft. . 

"Second that veteran soldiers who have become inured to service, even 
when paid bounty, constitute a cheaper force than raw recruits or drafted men 
without bounty. . , , 

"The information received by this Department from the armies in the iielci, 
prior to the passage of the resolution . . . indicated that a very large propor- 
tion of the forces now in service would have cheerfully re-enlisted for three 
years under the terms authorized by the order of this Department, and that 
such enlistments have been checked, and will in great measure be put an end 
to, by the restriction imposed by the act of Congress. It is believed that if any 
limitation should be imposed upon the payment of bounties to encourage the 
enlistment of the veteran forces now in the field, it ought not to be sooner 
than the ist of February- It is respectfully submitted to your consideration, 
therefore, whether the attention of Congress might not again well be called 
to the subject, so that the resolution may be reconsidered." 

A joint resolution approved January 13, 1864, extended the payment of 
bounties until March i, and the joint resolution approved March 3, provided 
further extension to April i, 1864. 

To Edwin M. Stanton and Henry W. Halleck 1 

January 5, 1864. 

I ask the respectful attention and consideration of the Secretary 
of War and General-in-Chief. A, Liisrcoi.isr. 

1 AES, DNA WR RG 108, H.Q.A., S 256, Box 70. Lincoln's endorsement is on a 
resolution of the Kentucky General Assembly, December 14, 1863, asking the 
president to convene a court of inquiry on the conduct of General Thomas I,. 
Crittenden at the Battle of Chickamauga. (See OR, I, XXX, 619.) Stanton 
endorsed to Halleck with directions "to detail a Court of Inquiry as speedily as 
possible." The court, convened at Nashville on January 29 and dismissed on 
February 23, 1864, found Crittenden not censurable. 

To Frederick Steele 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Major General Steele Washington, January 5, 1864. 

I wish to afford the people of Arkansas an opportunity of tak- 
ing the oath prescribed in the proclamation of Dec. 8, 1863, pre- 
paratory to re-organizing a State-government there. 

Accordingly I send you, by Gen. Kimball, some blank-books 
and other blanks, the manner of using which will, in the main, 
be suggested by an inspection of them; and Gen. Kimball will add 
some verbal explanations. Please make a trial of the matter im- 
mediately at such points as you may think likely to give success. 

[108] 



JANUARY 6 9 1864 

I suppose Helena and Little Rock are two of them. Detail any 
officer you may see fit to take charge of the subject at each point; 
and which officer, it may be assumed, will have authority to ad- 
minister the oath. These books of course, are intended to be per- 
manent records. Report to me on the subject. Yours very truly, 

A. LINCOLN 

i ADfS, DLC-RTL; LS, owned by William W. Steele, Pescadero, California. 
Concerning the blank books carried by Brigadier General Nathan Kimball, see 
the note to Lincoln's letter to Peirpoint, December 21, 1863, supra. 

To Jeremiah T. Boyle 1 

Gen. Boyle. Executive Mansion 

Camp Nelson, Ky. Washington D.C. Jan. 6. 1864 

Let executions in the cases of Goddard, Crowell, Puckett & 
Smith, mentioned by you be suspended till further order. 

A 



1 ALS, RPB. See Lincoln to Boyle, January 5, supra. Boyle's telegram has 
not been discovered. 



To Thomas E. Bramlette 1 

Gov. Bramlette Executive Mansion, 

Frankfort, Ky. Washington, Jan 6. 1864. 

Yours of yesterday received. Nothing is known here about Gen. 
Foster's order, of which you complain, beyond the fair presump- 
tion that it comes from Gen. Grant, and that it has an object which 
if you understood, you would be loth to frustrate 2 

True, these troops are, in strict law, only to be removed by my 
order; but Gen. Grant's judgment would be the highest incentive 
to me to make such order. Nor can I understand how doing so is 
bad faith or dishonor; nor yet how it exposes Kentucky to ruin. 

Military men here do not perceive how' it such \_sic~] exposes Ken- 
tucky, and I am sure Grant would not permit it, if it so appeared 
to him. A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, IHi. Governor Bramlette's telegram of January 5 is as follows: "Maj 
Gen [John G.] Foster has ordered all the organized forces in Kentucky to 
Knoxville. This will take the forces raised under act of Congress for defense 
of Kentucky & expose us to Ruin The Act reserved to you at once the power 
to remove these troops It is due to us, to good faith, to honor & to humanity 
that this order as to these troops be countermanded" (DLC-RTL). For Bram- 
lette's reply of January 8, see Lincoln to Bramlette, January 17, infra. 

2 Grant's command of the Military Division of the Mississippi included the 
Department of the Ohio, in which John G. Foster had succeeded Burnside. 

[109] 



To Luiz I 1 

January 6, 1864 
Abraham Lincoln 
President of the United States of America. 

To His Majesty Dom Luis I. 
" King of Portugal. 

Great & Good Friend, I have received the letter which your 
majesty was pleased to address to me on the 22 day of October 
last, imparting intelligence of the birth on the 28th of the pre- 
ceding month of a Prince, who had received in baptism the names 
of Carlos Fernando. 

Your majesty does no more than justice to the friendly feelings 
of the United States, in believing that they participate with Your 
Majesty and your Royal Family in the joy consequent upon this 
event; and I beg your Majesty to accept my sincere congratula- 
tions 

I pray God to have Your Majesty and Family in His holy keep- 
ing Your Good Friend ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 

Washington, Jan 6 1864. 

By the President 

WILLIAM H. SEWARD Secretary of State. 

iCopy, DNA FS RG 59, Communications to Foreign Sovereigns and States, 
III, 223. 



Memorandum: 
Appointment of David D. Johnson 1 

[c. January 6, 1864] 
I think I will make this appointment. 

i-AE, DLC-RTL. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter from Henry 
C. Johnson, speaker of the Pennsylvania legislature, to U.S. Representative 
Amos Myers, January 6, 1864, requesting appointment of his son David D 
Johnson to West Point. Entering the academy in July, 1864, David D. Johnson 
graduated in 1868. 



To Edward Bates 1 

Attorney General please make out a pardon in this case. 
Jan. 7. 1864. A LINCOLN 

1AES, OClWHi-Palmer Collection. This endorsement has heen removed 
from attendant papers and cannot be identified. 

[110] 



To Christian IX 1 

January 7, 1864 
Abraham Lincoln 
President of the United States of America 

To His Majesty Christian IX. 
King of Denmark 

Great and Good Friend I have reed, the letter which Your 
Majesty was pleased to address to me on the 17th day of Nov last, 
communicating intelligence of the demise on the 15th of that 
month of His late Majesty Frederick VII, and of your accession to 
the throne of the Kingdom. 

Assuring you of my deep sympathy at the death of your august 
Cousin, who like his predecessors was the constant & steady friend 
of the U. States, I beg leave to offer to Your Majesty my sincere 
and hearty congratulations upon your accession to the throne, 
with my best wishes, that your reign may be happy and glorious 
to yourself, and prosperous to your realm. Permit me also to as- 
sure Your Majesty of my constant and earnest desire to maintain 
the amity and good correspondence which has always subsisted 
and still prevails between the two nations and that nothing shall 
ever be omitted on my part to cultivate and promote maintain? 2 
towards Your Majesty the friendly relations always, entertained 
& cherished by this Government in its relations with his late Maj- 
esty and so I recommend your Majesty to the protection of the 
Almighty. Your Good Friend ABRAHAM LiisrcoLN 

Washington City Jan 7 1864. 
By the President 

WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State. 

1 Copy, DNA FS RG 59, Communications to Foreign Sovereigns and States, 
III, 232-33. 

2 "Maintain?" is written above "promote," but "promote" is not deleted. 



Endorsement Concerning Henry Andrews 1 

[January 7, 1864] 

The case of Andrews is really a very bad one, as appears by the 
record already before me. Yet before receiving this I had ordered 
his punishment commuted to imprisonment for during the war at 
hard labor, and had so telegraphed. I did this, not on any merit 
in the case, but because I am trying to evade the butchering 
business lately. A. LINCOLN. 

[HI] 



JANUARY 7, 1864 

i NH IX 27Q As given in the source Lincoln's endorsement is written on a 
communication to Salmon E Chase, January 7, 1864: "One Andrews is to be 
shot for desertion at Covington, to-morrow. The proceedings have never been 
submitted to the President. Is this right? Governor Hoadley." The source is 
obviously in error in having Chase's law partner George Hoadly sign himself 
as "Governor Hoadley" when he was not elected governor of Ohio until many 
years later. See Lincoln to Hawley, infra. 

To Chauncey G. Hawley 1 

Officer in command at Executive Mansion 

Covington, Ky. Washington, D.C. Jan. 7. 1864 

The death sentence of Henry Andrews is commuted to im- 
prisonment at hard labor during the remainder of the war. 

A. LlTNTCOL/N 

1 ALS, RPB. See Lincoln's endorsement on the telegram from Hoadly, supra. 
AGO Special Orders No. 11, January 8, 1864, commuted the sentence of Private 
Henry Andrews, Company I, One Hundred Twenty-fourth Ohio Volunteers, to 
imprisonment at hard labor during the remainder of the war. 

To Mary Todd Lincoln 1 

Mrs. A. Lincoln Executive Mansion, 

Philadelphia, Pa. - Washington, Jan. 7, 1864. 

We are all well, and have not been otherwise. 

A. LIINCOLIST 

1ALS, IHi. 

To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States: January [7], 1864 

I herewith lay before the Senate, for its constitutional action 
thereon, the following described treaties, viz: 

A treaty made at Fort Bridger, Utah Territory, on the 20! day 
of July, 1863, between the United States and the chiefs, principal 
men, and warriors of the eastern bands of the Shoshonee Nation 
of Indians. 

A treaty made at Box Elder, Utah Territory, on the aoth day 
of July, 1863, between the United States and the chiefs and war- 
riors of the northwestern bands of the Shoshonee Nation of Indi- 
ans. 

A treaty made at Ruby Valley, Nevada Territory, on the ist 
day of October, 1863, between the United States and the chiefs, 
principal men, and warriors of the [western bands of the] 
Shoshonee Nation of Indians. 

[112] 



JANUARY 7, 1864 

A treaty made at Tuilla Valley, Utah Territory, on the 12th 
day of October, 1863, between the United States and the chiefs, 
principal men, and warriors of the Goship bands of Shoshonee In- 
dians. 

A treaty made at Soda Springs, in Idaho Territory, on the 14th 
day of October, 1863, between the United States and the chiefs of 
the mixed bands of Bannacks and Shoshonees, occupying the val- 
ley of the Shoshonee River. 

A letter of the Secretary of the Interior of the 5th instant, a 
copy of a report of the 3Oth ultimo, from the Commissioner of In- 
dian Affairs, a copy of a communication from Governor Doty, 
superintendent of Indian affairs, Utah Territory, dated November 
10, 1863, relating to the Indians, parties to the several treaties 
herein named, and a map furnished by that gentleman are here- 
with transmitted. ABRAHAM LINCOLN*. 

Executive Mansion, Washington, January, 1864. 

1 Executive Journal, XIII, 323. The treaties were submitted to the Senate on 
January 7 and ratified on March 7, 1864. The treaty of October i, 1863, with 
the western bands was reconsidered, however, and was not finally ratified until 
June 26, 1866. 

To the Senate and House of Representatives 1 

January 7, 1864 
To the Senate and House of Representatives: 

I transmit to Congress a copy of the Decree of the Court of the 
United States for the Southern District of New York, awarding 
the sum of seventeen thousand one hundred and fifty dollars and 
sixty-six cents for the illegal capture of the British schooner 
"Glen"; and request that an appropriation of that amount may be 
made as an indemnification to the parties interested. 

Washington, /th. January, 1864. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

1 DS, DNA RG 233, House Executive Document No. 19. An act approved 
on February 13, 1864, appropriated $17,150.66 to owners of the schooner Glen. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Will the Secretary of War please order Gen. Harrow to report to 
Gen. Grant. A. LINCOLN 

Jan. 7, 1864. 

1 AES, owned by Gordon A. Block, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. See Lincoln 
to Stanton, November 11, 1863, and to Meade, January 5, 1864, supra. Lincoln's 
endorsement is written on the back of AGO Special Orders No. 522 (Extract), 
November 24, 1863, assigning Brigadier General William Harrow to report to 
Major General Meade. Below Lincoln's endorsement Stanton wrote "Adjt Genl 

[113] 



endorsement is "Letter to Genl [Francis J.] Herron, Jany. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

If the request of Governor Buckingham and Senator Foster, 
within, can consistently be granted, let it be done. 

Jany. 7. 1864. A - LINCOLN 

i AES, owned by C. Norton Owen, Glencoe, Illinois. Lincoln's endorsement 
is written on a letter of December 29, 1863, signed by William A. Bucking- 
ham and endorsed by Lafayette S. .Foster, January 7, 1864, recommending 
Major Hiram B. Crosby of the Twenty-first Connecticut Volunteers for ap- 
pointment as assistant adjutant general of an army corps. Stanton endorsed 
as follows: "By the regulations of the Service the Staff officers of Corps Com- 
manders are nominated by the Commander & if there be no objection to the 
individual it is approved by the Dept." 

To Crafts J. Wright and Charles K. Hawkes 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Gentlemen: Washington, Jany. 7, 1864. 

You have presented me a plan for getting cotten and other prod- 
ucts, from within the rebel lines, from which you think the 
United States will derive some advantage. 

Please carefully and considerately, answer me the following 
questions. 

1. If now, without any new order or rule, a rebel should come 
into our lines with cotten, and offer to take the oath of Dec. 8th. 
what do you understand would be done with him and his cotten? 

2. How will the physical difficulty, and danger, of getting cotten 
from within the rebel lines be lessened by your plan? or how will 
the owners motive to surmount that difficulty and danger, be 
heightened by it? 

3. If your plan be adopted, where do you propose putting the 
cotten &c. into market? how assure the government of your good 
faith in the business? and how be compensated for your services? 
Very Respectfully A. LINCOLN 

Messrs. Crafts J. Wright & C. K. Hawkes. 

*ALS, IHi; LS copy, DLC-RTL. On January 4, 1864, Hawkes and Wright 
wrote Lincoln; 

"We have the honor to refer you to the application of the Hon B F Flanders 
special Agt of the Treasury Dept., Mr. Geo S. Denison Collector of Customs- 
Mr Wm. H. Higgins Assessor of U.S. Internal Revenue, the Hon B Rush 
Plumby Hon Jno Hutchins and also that of Maj Gen Banks commanding 
the department of the Gulf and His Excellency Gov Shepley. This application 
is for a special permit to obtain supplies on terms & conditions designated. 

[114] 



JANUARY 7, 1864 

We may also add that very many worthy union people on each side are look- 
ing to the granting of this as the only hope of relieving them from want. 

"We may briefly say the request is that you, with whom the power is placed, 
will grant to Geo. B. Waldron Crafts J. Wright & Charles K Hawks a permit. 

"ist. To recieve from persons beyond the lines of our actual military occu- 
pation such cotton sugar other stores as parties beyond our lines may de- 
sire to consign to us, to be conveyed & sold within our lines on the terms & 
according to the rules of the Treasury Department. 

"2d. That the proceeds of sales, less the government dues & current expenses, 
shall be invested in the securities of the Government. 

"3d. That such an amount of said securities purchased as aforesaid shall be 
deposited with some officer of the Treasury Department, until the consignee 
shall prove his loyalty by taking the oath according to the recent proclama- 
tion. . . . 

"On recommendation of Gen Banks Gen Shepley & others we have come 
from New Orleans to the city to answer any questions as well as to satisfy you 
of our loyalty. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 

Enclosed with their letter was the following document, signed by John 
Hutchins, George S. Denison, William H. Higgins and B. Rush Plumly, ap- 
proved by Benjamin F. Flanders, "provided the holders of the Bonds shall de- 
posit fifty per centum thereof with the Treasurer of the United States until 
the close of the war:" 

"The undersigned are advised that a large number of persons are within the 
Rebel lines who have cotton sugar and other stores which they have been 
and are concealing from the Rebel authorities as confiscable property. That 
these parties are anxious to place these supplies within the United States Mili- 
tary lines not only as a place of safety, but to secure for their families a 
means of support and a means of satisfying their debts to Loyal Union citizens. 
Many of these parties desire to leave the so-called Confederacy so soon as they 
can place their property on which they depend on a place of safety. 

"They do not ask to have the proceeds of their property returned in sup- 
plies but are willing to invest the net proceeds less the current .Govern- 
ment dues and the expenses attending the getting to market and selling in 
United States Bonds. 

"They have designated George B. Waldron of New York Crafts J. Wright 
of Cincinnati and Charles K. Hawkes of New York as Loyal Union citizens to 
whom they will consign their property and who shall invest the proceeds as 
above and in whom they and the Government can confide. . . . 

""We therefore urgently recommend that the authority be given to the above 
named ... to receive from within the Rebel lines at such points as may be 
designated such cotton sugar, and other stores, as it may be desired to convey 
within the United States Military lines for sale and to invest the proceeds 
less the expenses in Government securities, that protection be afforded by the 
military and naval authorities unless there be imperative military objections 
at the time." (Ibid.). 

On January 8, Wright and Hawkes replied to Lincoln's questions: 

"Before proceeding to reply specifically to the several questions which you 
have put to us, we deem it proper, to a better understanding of the difficulties 
now in the way of the increase of Union people & the protection of Union 
property, to make, with your permission, a preliminary observation state- 
ment. . . . 
[Question i:] 

"ist. If he has not previously bribed the pickets, they would siese and con- 
fiscate it. ... 

**2d. Not having a permit previously obtained it would be, by officers of the 
Treasury Dept, at once seised & confiscated. . . . 

"3d. The Rebel would be seperated from his property arrested & confined, 

[115] 



JANUARY 8, 1864 
until he took the oath and satisfied tiba officer ... to 'keep and maintain' said 

a " 4 th. Admitting that after detention ... he takes the oath . . . gets his 
property released . . . yet, ignorant of forms . . . must assuredly fall into the 

a **5th Cotton is a heavy article to he transported. . . . If the Rebel came to 
our lines, he could bring only one load; to secure that load, he must take the 
oath. He cannot get back to rebel lines for other loads. 
[Question 2:] 
"ist. We have removed all the danger of confiscation & chfficultios on our 

side of the lines. ... 

"ad. We give him such assurance & present to him, a working plan, clear 
& distinct, which induces effort to. ... 
[Question 3:] 

". . . . We answer in New Orleans Cincinnati St. Louis, the great cotton 
markets. We propose only to sell it, at public auction, to make ourselves free 
of all charge of unfairness. . . . All the officers of the Treasury Depnrtmont 
. . . vouch for us, by their recommendations which we present. . . . The com- 
manding Officers of the Department of the Military Government, vouch for 
us # . . Some of us have shewn our faith in battle fields. . . . We recommend 
that the collector of customs have a supervision over . . . affairs . . . The per- 
mit granted, if it is found we do not keep faith, or the method \vorks badly, 
. . . will ... be revokable at pleasure . . . Our interest will induce Fnith 
. . . We are merchants and make our own arrangements as such our fees <fe 
commissions are regulated by the customs of trade, long established in New 
Orleans, governing all transactions. . . ." (Ibid.). 

On January 9, Wright and Hawkes sent a supplementary reply ami enclosed 
a suggested form of the order which they hoped the president would issue. Al- 
, though some of the suggestions made by Wright and Hawkes were adoptod 
in the new regulations issued for Treasury Agents (see Order of January 26, 
infra) , no special arrangement with the gentlemen concerned seems to have 
been made. Efforts on the part of George Ashmun to have Hawkes appointed 
agent of the Treasury also failed (Ashmun to Lincoln, January 20 and Febru- 
ary 2, 1864, DLC-RTL). 



To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States: January [8], ,, 

I herewith lay before the Senate, for its constitutional action 
thereon, a treaty made at the Old Crossing of Red Lake River, in 
the State of Minnesota, on the 2d day of October, 1863, between 
Alexander Ramsey and Ashley C. Morrill, commissioners on the 
part of the United States, and the chiefs, headmen, and warriors 
of the Red Lake and Pembina bands of Chippewa Indians. 

A letter of the Secretary of the Interior, of the 8th instant, to- 
gether with a communication from the Commissioner of Indian 
Affairs, of the 5th instant, and copies of Mr. Ramsey's report and 
journal, relating to the treaty, and a map showing* the Territory 
ceded, are herewith transmitted. ABRAHAM LINCOLN- " 

Executive Mansion. 

Washington, January-, 1864. 

[116] 



JANUARY 8, 1864 

i Executive Journal, XIII, 366. On January 8, 1864, the treaty was referred 
to the committee on Indian affairs, and on March i, 1864, was ratified by the 
Senate. See also, Lincoln's communication to the Senate, April 15, infra. 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, Jan. 8. 1864. 

To-day Senator Grimes calls and asks that I may particularly ex- 
amine the recommendations on file for Grenville M. Dodge for 
Major Genl. & Edward Hatch of 2nd. Iowa Cav. & Henry C. Cald- 
well of the 3rd. Iowa. Cav. for Brig. Genls. which I promise to 
do. 

Will the Sec. of War please have these papers sent me, which, 
after examining, I will return? A. LINCOLN 

1 ADS, DLC-RTL. Stanton endorsed on the bottom of the sheet, "There is 
no vacancy for Major or Brigadier General." Grenville M. Dodge was ap- 
pointed major general as of June 7, 1864; Edward Hatch was appointed brig- 
adier general as of April 27, 1864; Henry C. Caldwell resigned on June 25, 
1864. See Lincoln to Grimes, January 11, infra. 



To Mrs. Esther Stockton 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Mrs. Esther Stockton. Washington [Jany.] 8, 1864. 

Madam: Learning that you who have passed the eighty-fourth 
year of life, have given to the soldiers, some three hundred pairs 
of stockings, knitted by yourself, I wish to offer you my thanks. 
Will you also convey my thanks to those young ladies who have 
done so much in feeding our soldiers while passing through your 
city? Yours truly, A. LINCOLN 

1 Tracy, p. 243. This letter is misdated "July" in the source, probably as a 
misreading for Lincoln's "Jany." The Illinois State Journal for January 28, 
1864, notes that "President Lincoln has sent a letter of thanks to the widow 
of Rev. Joseph Stockton, of Pittsburg, Pa., a lady of eighty-five years of age 
for knitting a great number of stockings for the soldiers, and also thanking 
the young ladies of that city for feeding the large number of troops passing 
through." There is an undated reply from Mrs. Stockton (incorrectly sup- 
plied with the date of August 5, 1864, probably on the basis of the date of 
Lincoln's letter in Tracy), as follows: 

"Your very kind letter was duly received. My labours in behalf of our gal- 
lant soldiers I fear are some what exaggerated. I have endeavored to do what 
I could for those who battle to crush this wicked rebellion. . . . 

"And now my dear Sir in concluding . . . permit me to say that my earnest 
prayer for you is, that you may long be spared to enjoy the blessing of a grate- 
ful nation. . . ." (DLC-BTL). 

[117] 



To Simon Cameron 1 

Hon: Simon Cameron Executive Mansion 

Hairisburg, Penn. Washington B.C. Jan. 9. 1864 

Your two letters, one of the 6th and the other of the 7 th. both 
received. A - LHWOI-N 

1 ALS RPB Cameron's letters of January 6 and 7 have not been discovered, 
but John' Hay's Diary records on January 9, 1864, that "Cameron has written 
to the President that the entire Union force of the Pa. Legislature, House and 
Senate, have subscribed a request that the President will allow himself to bo 
reelected, and that they intend visiting Washington to present it. ... 

To John A. Dahlgren 1 

Admiral Dahlgren Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, Jan. 9. 1864. 

Capt. Lavender wishes to show you a contrivance of his for dis- 
covering, and aiding to remove, under-water obstructions to the 
passage of vessels, and has sufficiently impressed me to induce me 
to send him to you. He is sufficiently vouched to me as a worthy 
gentleman; and this known, it needs not my asking for you to 
treat him as such. Yours truly A. LHMCOLTV 

1 ALS, owned by J. Coleman Seal, New York City. On January 8, 1864, 
Senator Edwin D. .Morgan wrote Lincoln: "Capt Lavender of New York 
eighteen years a sea captain at that Port comes to me from so good a source, 
that I cannot refuse to comply with his request to be introduced to you. Such 
then is the object of this note, and I hope you may be able to spare him a 
few moments. He does not want an office. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 

On January 23, Admiral Dahlgren replied to Lincoln's letter: 

"Captain Lavender arrived duly with your note, which I was much pleased 
to receive, and gave it my immediate attention; There seems to me no ob- 
jection to a a [sic] trial of his project, and I beg leave, therefore, to recom- 
mend that such be made at some Navy Yard under the eye of one or more 
experienced persons. 

"It would be almost impossible to make the machine here, as material and 
mechanics are already unequal to the daily pressing wear and tear of the ves- 
sels of the Squadron. . . ." (Ibid.). 

No further identification of Lavender or his invention has been found. 

Order for Observance of Mourning 
for Caleb B. Smith 1 

Executive Mansion, January gth. 1864. 

Information having been received that Caleb B. Smith, late Sec- 
retary of the Interior, has departed this life, at his residence in 
Indiana, it is ordered that the Executive Buildings at the seat of 
the Government be draped in mourning, for the period of fourteen 
days, in honor of his memory as a prudent and loyal counsellor 

[118] 



JANUARY 1 O, 1864 

and a faithful and effective coadjutor of the Administration in a 
time of public difficulty and peril. The Secretary of State will com- 
municate a copy of this order to the family of the deceased to- 
gether with proper expressions of the profound sympathy of the 
President and Heads of Departments in their great and irreparable 
bereavement. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

* DS, DNA FS RG 59, Miscellaneous Letters, January, 1864. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

January 9, 1864. 
Let General Blunt have leave to come to Washington. 

A. LINCOLN. 

1 OR, I, XXXIV, II, 52. Lincoln's endorsement is on a letter from James H. 
Lane and Abel C. V^ilder, January 9, 1864, requesting permission for General 
James G. Blunt to come to Washington to consult with them "on the subject 
of moving the Kansas Indians to the Indian Territory and the early return of 
the refugees. . . ." 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, Jan. 9. 1864. 

Please send me, to be returned, the testimonials, in favor of Col. 
Wickliffe Cooper, of Ky, to be a Brigadier General. Yours truly 

A. LINCOLN. 

i ALS, NHi. Colonel Wickliffe Cooper of the Fourth Kentucky Cavalry was 
not appointed brigadier general. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War. Executive Mansion, 

Sir: Washington, Jan. 9. 1864. 

Please see Senator Lane, and if you can appoint his man a chap- 
lain, I shall be indeed very glad. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, owned by L. E. Dicke, Evanston, Illinois. Senator Lane's man has not 
been identified. 

To Ethan A. Hitchcock 1 

Executive Mansion 
Washington City, January loth. 1864. 

Major General Hitchcock, Commissioner of Exchanges, is au- 
thorized and directed to offer Brigadier-General Trimble now a 

[119] 



JTAPsTUARY 11, 1864 

prisoner of war in Fort McHenry, in exchange for Major White, 
who is held as a prisoner at Richmond. He is also directed to send 
forward the offer of exchange by Henry M. War-field, Esq. of 
Baltimore, under a flag of truce, and give him a pass to City Point. 

ABRAHAM 



iJohn Heise Catalog 2477, No. 28. "Major White" was probably Major 
Harry White of the Sixty-seventh Pennsylvania Infantry and a Republican 
senator in the Pennsylvania legislature. See Lincoln to Cameron, October 17, 
1863, supra. The exchange seems to have been refused by the Confederates, for 
White was not exchanged until September .29, 1864, and General Isaac R. 
Trimble remained a prisoner of war until April, 1865. 

To Timothy E Andrews 1 

January 11 , 1 864 

Submitted to the Pay-Master, General 

Major Whitney is a friend I would like to oblige, but not to the 
prejudice of the service. A. LINCOLN 

Jan. 11. 1864. 

1 AES, IHL Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter of Henry C. Whit- 
ney to Judge David Davis, January 5, 1864, asking his influence to got 
transferred from the pay department at Louisville, Kentucky, to that at Fort 
Leavenworth, Kansas. Davis endorsed, "I suppose he wants to be transferred 
to Leaven-worth, because he wants to live there after war is over. You know 
whether it is right to interfere and whether you can do it. . . ." Stariton en- 
dorsed "No change should be made to the prejudice of the service." Whitnoy 
was transferred to Chattanooga, Tennessee, rather than to Fort Leavenworth, 
Kansas. 



To Salmon E Chase 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Hon. Secretary of Treasury: January 11, 1864. 

My Dear Sir: I am receiving letters and dispatches indicating 
an expectation that Mr. Barney is to leave the Custom House, at 
New York. Have you anything on the subject? Yours very truly, 

A. LIISTCOLN-, 

1 Robert B. Warden, Account of the Private Life and Public Services of 

Salmon Portland Chase (1874), p. 556. Secretary Chase replied on January 12, 

Nothing at all, except urgent representatives of the necessity of reform, which 

do not, at all impeach Mr. Barney, in whose integrity I have undimimshcd 

confidence." (DLC-RTL). 

The many communications on this subject from January to September 186 i 
when Barney resigned and Lincoln appointed Simeon Draper in his place in- 
dicate that tiie issue was not only "reform" but Barney's purported activity in 
support of Chase s candidacy for the Republican nomination for president. 

[120] 



To James W. Grimes 1 

January 11, 1864 

In pursuance of my promise to you I sent for the papers in the 
three cases mentioned, which were brought to me with a note 
from the Sec. of War, saying: "There is no vacancy of a Major or 
Brigadier General/' 

1 Parke-Bernet Catalog 451, April 5-6, 1943, No. Z 404. According to the 
catalog description, this is an autograph letter signed. See Lincoln to Stanton, 
January 8, supra, and to Grimes, January 21, infra. 

To Robert Todd Lincoln 1 

R. T. Lincoln. Executive Mansion, 

Cambridge, Mass. Washington, Jany. 11 1864. 

I send your draft to-day. How are you now? Answer by tele- 
graph at once. A. LINCOLN. 

1 ALS, RPB. No reply has been discovered. 

Memorandum: Appointment of Henry E Wade 1 

Senator Wade must be obliged in this matter before long a West- 
Point case. A. LINCOLN 
Jan. 11. 1864 

1 AES, DNA WR RG 94, U.S. Military Academy, 1864, No. 176. Lincoln's 
endorsement is written on a memorandum from Senator Benjamin F. Wade, 
January 9, 1864, giving qualifications of his son Henry P. Wade. No record of 
the appointment has been found. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

What does this mean? 

Sec. of War, please call up subject when we meet 

Jan. 11. 1864 A. LINCOLN 

1 AES, NHi. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a telegram from General 
Jeremiah T. Boyle, January 10, 1864, as follows: 

"My superior officers have shown distrust of me I cannot therefore with 
proper regard to the public interest & my own character serve the public under 
their command Some one else must go in command I have issued all the 
orders preparatory to movement I ask to be relieved & that my resignation be 
accepted I can take this course with true devotion to the government and 
consistently with good of the service I respectfully request the acceptance of 
my resignation." 

No reply from Stanton has been found. On January 14 Bland Ballard wrote 
Lincoln advising acceptance of Boyle's resignation or transfer to Burnside's com- 
mand: "His unfortunate political aspirations have undoubtedly done him 

[121] 



JANUARY 12, 1864 

But, had he been less conscious of purity, he could not have failed 
to sh; could not discharge the delicate duties of his responsible office while a 
candidate for popular favor-without being the victim of innumerable slaxi- 
ders /' (DLC-RTL). See further Lincoln to Bramlette, January 3 i, infra. 

To Ulysses S. Grant or George H. Thomas 1 

Major General Grant, or Executive Mansion 

Major General Thomas Washington, B.C. 

Chattanooga, Tenn. Jan. ^1864 

Let execution of the death sentence upon William Jeffries, of 
Co A Sixth Indiana Volunteers, be suspended until further order 
from here. A - LINCOLN 

1ALS, RPB. The roster of Company A, Sixth Indiana, lists William F. 
Jeffres as "missing at Louisville, Ky. Oct. i, 1862." See Lincoln to Morton, 
infra. 

To Oliver P Morton 1 

Gov. O. E Morton Executive Mansion, 

Indianapolis, la. Washington, Jan. 12, 1864. 

I have telegraphed to Chattanooga suspending execxition of 
William Jeffries until further order from me. A 



iALS, RPB. See Lincoln's telegram to Grant or Thomas, supra. No com- 
munication from Governor Morton concerning this matter has been discovered. 

Order Fixing Western Base of 
Union Pacific Railroad 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, January 12, 1864. 
In pursuance of the eleventh section of the act of congress entitled 
"An Act to aid in the construction of a Railroad and Telegraph 
line from the Missouri River to the Pacific Ocean, and to secure to 
the Government the use of the same for Postal, Military, and 
other purposes" Approved July i, 1862, the point where the line 
of the Central Pacific Railroad crosses Arcade creek in the Sacra- 
mento valley is hereby fixed as the western base of the Sierra 
Nevada mountains. ABRAHAM LINCOLK 

x ADS, The Rosenbach Company, Philadelphia and New York. The act pro- 
vided that the Central Pacific Railroad would receive sixteen $1,000 U.S. bonds 
per mile and treble this number of bonds per mile for the portion "most 
mountainous and difficult of construction, to wit: one hundred and fifty miles 
westwardly from the eastern base of the Rocky Mountains, and one hundred 
and fifty miles eastwardly from the western base of the Sierra Nevada moun- 
tains, said points to be fixed by the President. . . ." 

[122] 



To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States: January 12, 1864 

In accordance with the request of the Senate conveyed in their 
Resolutions of the i6th of December 1863, desiring any informa- 
tion in my possession relative to the alleged exceptional treatment 
of Kansas troops when captured by those in rebellion, I have the 
honor to transmit a communication from the Secretary of War, 
accompanied by reports from the General-in-Chief of the Army, 
and the Commissary-General of Prisoners, relative to the subject 
matter of the Resolutions. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

Executive Mansion 
January 12. 1864 

i DS, DNA RG 46, Senate s8A F4. The enclosures printed in Senate Execu- 
tive Document No. 4 indicate no information that Kansas troops were being 
"invariably put to death" as charged in Senator James H. Lane's resolution of 
December 16, 1863. 

To Edward and Henry T. Anthony 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Dear Sirs Washington, Jan. 13, 1864. 

Please accept my thanks for your pretty and acceptable present 
just now placed in my hands by Mr. Speaker Coif ax. Yours truly 

E & H.T. Anthony & Co N. Y. A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, IHi. On January 7, 1863 [4], Edward and Henry T. Anthony, manu- 
facturers and importers of photographic materials, albums, stereoscopes, and 
views, wrote Lincoln: 

"As the President . . . cannot be expected to visit every place that is worth 
seeing, the places must follow the example of the people and send their Repre- 
sentatives. 

"We take pleasure therefore in sending you some views of beautiful bridges, 
lakes, and landscapes which may be looked upon as the constituents of the New 
York Central Park. 

"Trusting that the society of these quiet visitors may sometimes afford you a 
relaxation from the turmoil and cares of office, we request that you will accept 
them with the best wishes of Your Friends and Fellow Citizens" (DLC-RTL). 

To Nathaniel E Banks 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
Major General Banks January 13, 1864. 

I have received two letters from you which are duplicates, each 
of the other, except that one bears date the 2/th. and the other the 
3Oth. of December. Your confidence in the practicability of con- 
structing a free state-government, speedily, for Louisiana, and 

[123] 



JANUARY 13, 1864 

your zeal to accomplish it, are very gratifying. It is a connection, 
than in which, the words "can" and "will" were never more pre- 
cious. I azn much in hope that, on the authority of my letter, of 
December 24th. you have already begun the work. Whether you 
shaU have done so or not, please, on receiving this, proceed with 
all possible despatch, using your own absolute discretion in all 
matters which may not carry you away from the conditions stat- 
ed in your letters to me, nor from those of the Message and Proc- 
lamation of December 8th. Frame orders, and fix times and places, 
for this, and that, according to your own judgment. 

I am much gratified to know that Mr. Dennison, the Collector 
at New-Orleans, and who bears you this, understands your views, 
and will give you his full, and zealous co-operation. It is my wish, 
and purpose, that all others, holding authority from me, shall do 
the like; and, to spare me writing, I will thank you to make this 
known to them. Yours very truly A. LINCOLN. 

1ALS, IHi; ADfS, DLC-RTL. Banks' letter of December 27 has not been 
located, but that of December 30 is as follows: 

"Your message and proclamation can not fail to produce great national re- 
sults. They offer an escape to many classes of people in the South, who will 
not fail to yield their assent to the conditions imposed. . . . 

"Much reflection, and frank conversation with many persons who know the 
southern character, thoroughly confirm me in the opinion. I expressed in my 
recent letters, that the immediate restoration of a State government upon the 
basis of an absolute extinction of slavery at the start, with the general consent 
of the people, is practicable. ... I have been greatly surprised to find how 
readily my conclusions have been accepted by men of strongest southern sym- 
pathies, attachments and interests. 

"If, as you have declared in your letter of November the gth., an early or- 
ganization in this State be desirable, I would suggest as the only speedy and 
certain method of accomplishing your object, that an election be ordered, of a 
State Government, under the Constitution and Laws of Louisiana, except so 
much thereof as recognizes and relates to slavery, which should be declared 
by the authority calling the election, and in the order authorizing it, inoper- 
ative and void. The registration of voters to be made in conformity with your 
Proclamation. ... A convention of the People for the Revision of the Con- 
stitution, may be ordered as soon as the government is organized, and the 
election of members might take place on the same, or a subsequent day, with 
the general election. The People of Louisiana will accept such a proposition 
with favor. . . . 

"Let me assure you that this course will be far more acceptable to the 
citizens of Louisiana, than the submission of the question of slavery to the 
chances of an election. Their self-respect, their amour propre will be appeased 
if ^ they are not required to vote for or against it. Offer them a Government 
without slavery, and they will gladly accept it as a necessity resulting from 
the "war. . . . 

"Upon this plan, a government can be established whenever you wish in 

30, or 60 days. . . . Defeat is impossible, and the dangers attending delay, are 
avoided. I would unhesitatingly stake my life upon the issue. 

"If this plan be accepted in Louisiana, ... it will be adopted by general 
concurrence, m Texas, Arkansas, and Mississippi, and in every other southern 

[124] 



JANUARY 3, 1864 

state, as rapidly as you choose to accord to them the privilege of self-govern- 
ment. If it be accepted in one State, the World will see that not only the 
method, but the fact of restoration is accomplished. 

"I am opposed to any settlement, and have been from the beginning, except 
upon the basis of immediate emancipation, but it is better to secure it by con- 
sent, than by force, better still by consent and force. . . . 

"I need not repeat what I have already said, that I shall cordially and 
earnestly sustain any plan you may adopt for the restoration of government 
here. It is my duty, and my desire. With very great reluctance, and sense of 
public duty, I have made the suggestion herein contained, upon the same 
principle that I would impart important military information. . , . 

"The plan of restoration contemplated here by the officers charged with that 
duty, does not seem to promise results so speedy or certain. It proceeds upon 
the theory of constitutional convention to frame an organic law. . . . The 
election of delegates cannot be called before March. . . . The convention could 
not sit before April. It could scarcely occupy less than two months. Its action 
could hardly be submitted to the People . . . before July. . . . 

"The advantages secured by this course, will be: 
ist. An immediate State organization. 

2nd. The active & general consent of the People of the State. 
3rd. The certainty of immediate emancipation from Slavery. 
4th. The Revision of the Constitution pari passu by a Convention. 
5th. The exhibition to the World of moral, as well as military power, in the 
suppression of Rebellion and the reconstruction of government by con- 
sent and participation of the different classes of People. 

6th. The certainty that it will be followed in four States immediately, and 
in others as soon as you desire it with the same certainty as to eman- 
cipation. 

7th. It places in your hands the means of the restoration of States, as well as 
the destruction of armies independent of the possible results of party 
or political contests. 

"The fact of restoration is, however, more important than the means, and I 
shall cordially sustain any policy you may indicate." (DLC-RTL). 

Banks acknowledged receipt of Lincoln's letter of December 29, 1863, supra, 
on January 11: "I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of 
the 2Qth [24th]. December and a duplicate of the same with an endorsement 
dated the 2gth. of December. They give to me all the authority I can desire. 
. . . Enclosed you will find an order to be published tomorrow, authorizing an 
election of state officers on the 22d. of February. It does not contemplate an 
election of the Legislature or Judges until November at the regular election. 
... I am confident that it will receive a very general support of all classes of 
people, and a strength at the Polls that -will surprise as well as gratify the 
friends of the government elsewhere. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 



To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Major-General Butler, Executive Mansion, 

Fortress Monroe, Va.: Washington, January 13, 1864. 

Let Wilson B. Kevas [Kerns], Third Pennsylvania Artillery, be 
respited xmtil further orders. A. LINCOLN. 

1 Tarbell (Appendix), p. 409. The source is in error as to the name. Wilson 
B. Kerns, Battery B, Third Pennsylvania Artillery, was dishonorably dis- 
charged on January 10, 1865. 

[125] 



To Simeon Draper 1 

Nothing yet about the cotton matter, although I am still con- 

... . r A. LINCOLN 

sidermg it. 

Jan. 13, 1864 

i Emily Driscoll Catalog 6, 1948, No. 59- According to the source Lincoln re- 
plied to a note from Draper, cotton agent at New York, See Lincoln to Wright 
and Hawkes, January 7, supra. 



To Quincy A. Gillmore 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Major General Gillmore Washington, January 13, 1864. 

I understand an effort is being made by some worthy gentlemen 
to reconstruct a loyal state government in Florida. Florida is in 
your department, and it is not unlikely that you may be there in 
person. I have given Mr. Hay a commission of Major, and sent 
him to you with some blank books and other blanks, to aid in the 
reconstruction. He will explain, as to the manner of using the 
blanks, and also my general views on the subject. It is desirable for 
all to cooperate; but if irreconcileable differences of opinion shall 
arise, you are master. I wish the thing done in the most, speedy 
way possible, so that, when done, it lie within the range of the 
late proclamation on the subject. The detail labor, of course, will 
have to be done by others; but I shall be greatly obliged if you 
will give it such general supervision as you can find consistent 
with your more strictly military duties Yours very truly 

A LINCOLN 

i Copy, DLC-RTL. Major General Gillmore replied from Hilton Head, South 
Carolina, on January 21, 1864: 

"I have received your letter of the 13th inst. by Major Hay, & the matter 
therein referred to will receive my hearty support. There will not bo an hour's 
delay after the major is ready. I understand from him that his blanks havo 
not arrived here yet. 

"What I propose to do for Florida will render it necessary for me to ho 
there in person to inaugurate the work. I have every confidence in the success 
of the enterprise." (DLC-RTL) . 

On January 30, Gillmore reported that Major Hay "has been ordered to en- 
ter upon the special duties assigned to him without delay." (Ibid.}. Hay re- 
mained in Florida until March. His Diary records on March i that, "I am 
very sure that we cannot get the President's loth. . . ." (referring to the 
specification of the proclamation of December 8, 1863, that one-tenth of the 
number of voters qualified in the presidential election of 1860 might, upon tak- 
ing the oath, establish a state government). Hay was back in Washington on 
March 24, without having effected the purpose of his mission. 

[126] 



To Theodore T. S. Laidley 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Major Laidley Washington, Jan. 13, 1864. 

Please make a trial of the Absterdam projectile, and report to 
the Secretary of War. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. Patent No. 41,668, issued to John Absterdam of New York City 
in 1864, was for an invention consisting "in applying to an elongated pro- 
jectile one or more bands of a composition of metal similar to 'type metal,' 
for the purpose of securing a more accurate and uniform gauge of 
calibre. . . ." (Thirty-eighth Congress, Second Session, House Executive Docu- 
ment No. 51, I, 299). 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

I shall be glad for General Crittenden to have permission to go to 
New- York, as he desires A. LINCOLN 

Jan. 13. 1864 

1 AES-P, ISLA. Lincoln's endorsement is written on an undated note from 
Green Clay Smith requesting permission for Major General Thomas L. Crit- 
tenden to visit New York and stop by Washington. Stanton endorsed, "Referred 
to Genl in Chief to issue order permitting Genl Crittenden to go to New York 
as directed by the Prest." 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Please see & hear the bearer, Mr. Pirsson. 
Jan. 13, 1864 A. LINCOLN 

1 Stan. V. Henkels Catalog 1442, April 10, 1930, No. 86. According to the 
catalog description, this message is an autograph note written on a card. 
Pirsson has not been identified. 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Private 

Hon. Sec of War Executive Mansion 

Sir Washington, Jan 13, 1864. 

Gen. Green Clay Smith, in order to take his seat in Congress, 
had to give up his Military Commission; but he thinks he may 
wish to ask to have it back, and go to the field again after a few 
months, and in view of which he would like to have his Asst. Adjt 
Genl William Cassius Goodloe kept on foot, and asks that, to this 

[127] 



JANUARY 14, 1864 

end, he may be ordered to report to the Commanding officer at 
Louisville, Ky. If this can be lawfully done let it be done. Yours 
truly A. LINCOLN. 

1 Angle, p. 339. Representative Smith did not re-enter service, and Captain 
William C. Goodloe resigned his commission as of January 31, 1864. 



To Edward Bates 1 

Hon. Attorney General Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, Jan. 14, 1864. 

Herewith I send to be filed, the papers in regard to the Indiana 
Judgeship. Besides what is in the papers, Senator, Lane, Speaker 
Colfax, Rep. Orth Sec. Usher, Bank Com. McCullough, Mr. De- 
frees & others, all Indianians, verbally expressed their preference 
for Mr. White. Yours truly A. LIN-COLT* 

iALS, DNA GE RG 60, Papers of Attorney General, Segregated Lincoln 
Material. Ex-congressman Albert S. White's appointment as judge of the U.S. 
District Court, to succeed Caleb B. Smith, was confirmed by the Senate on 
January 18, 1864. 



To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Major Gen. Butler Washington, Jan. 14, 1864. 

This will introduce Thomas Stackpole, whom I found in the 
White-House when I came, having been brought from New- 
Hampshire by Mr. Pierce. I have found him a straight, energetic 
man. He desires to go into some business about oysters in your 
vicinity; and so far as you can consistently facilitate him, I shall 
be glad. Yours truly A. LIISTCOLTNT 

1ALS, CCamSU. 



To Charles E Mcllvaine 1 

Executive Mansion, 

Dear Bishop Mcllvaine Washington, Jan. 14, 1864. 

I send herein what you have requested. Yours very truly 

A. LlNCOLTNT 



R y Hai 7 T ard * E* 161 ^ Lincoln, Maine. On January 6, 1864, 

?DLC RTL) Sent ^ greetin e s and ^quested two autographs 

[128] 



To George G. Meade 1 

Executive Mansion, 

Major-General Meade, Washington, B.C., 

Army of the Potomac: January 14, 1864. 

Suspend execution of the death sentence in the case of Allen G. 
Maxson, corporal in Company D, in First Michigan Volunteers, 
until further order. A. LINCOLN. 

1 Tarbell (Appendix), p. 410. The record in the case of Private Allen G. 
Maxson was returned by Lincoln to the Judge Advocate General on April 16, 
1864, along with a great number of other cases of desertion commuted under 
AGO General Orders No. 76, February 26, 1864. 

Memorandum Concerning Edward Haggard 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Washington, Jan. 14, 1864. 

To-day Hon. Brutus J. Clay calls with Mrs. Haggard, and asks that 
her son, Edward Haggard, now in his nineteenth year, and a pris- 
oner of War at Camp Douglas, may be discharged. Let him take 
the oath of Dec. 8. and be discharged. A. LINCOLN 

Do the same for William H. Moore. A. LINCOLN 

1 ADS-P, ISLA. No further reference has been found. 

Recommendation for Miss Weirman 1 

January 14, 1864 

This lady, Miss. Weirman, wants employment, and [I] shall be 
obliged to any Head of a Department or Bureau who can give it to 
her. A. LINCOLN 

Jan. 14. 1864 

1 THaroL. Miss Weirman has not been identified. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War Executive Mansion, 

Sir. Washington, Jan. 14, 1864. 

I herewith return the papers in the cases of Dodge, Hatch & 
Caldwell. Please send me now a petition of members of West- Vir- 
ginia Legislature, asking to have Gen. Sigel put in command there. 
Yours truly A LINCOLN 

1 ALS, DLC-Stanton Papers. See Lincoln to Stanton, January 8, and to 
Grimes, January 11, supra. AGO General Orders No. 80, February 29, 1864, 
assigned Major General Franz Sigel to command of the Department of West 
Virginia. 

[129] 



To John Brough 1 

Gov. Brough Executive Mansion, 

Columbus, Ohio Washington, Jan. 15. 1864. 

If private William G. Toles, of sgth. Ohio Volunteers, returns 
to his regiment and faithfully serves out his term, he is fully par- 
doned for all Military offences prior to this. A. LINCOLN 

i ALS, RPB. No communication from Governor Brough in this connection 
has been located. 

To Andrew Johnson 1 

[c. January 15, 1864] 

I send by Judge John S. Brien a blank book and some other 
blanks to facilitate the taking oath of Dec. 8. He will verbally ex- 
plain the mode of using them. He particularly wishes to have Mr. 
Benjamin C. Robertson to take the oath. I hope you may find 
Judge Brien useful, in carrying forward the work generally. I as- 
sume that anyone in military commission may administer the 
oaths. Yours truly, A. LINCOLN. 

1 Hertz, II, 872. The date assigned to this undated communication is sup- 
plied on the basis of John S. Brien's letter to Lincoln of January 26, 1864: 

"You will see by the inclosed slip [newspaper clipping! that my fears as 
to the death of Benjamin C. Robertson have been realized. He died on 22nd. 
last, which was two days before I reached home. It is said to me today by a 
friend who was at his bedside when he died, that his greatest regret was, that 
he had not the opportunity afforded him to take the oath before his death. . . . 

"But he is gone his estate is also well-nigh gone. And his good wife and 
children will feel ever grateful to you, that you have saved that little to them 
by his pardon. Please inclose the pardon to me upon receipt of this. 

"There is great rejoicing here that your book has arrived. I delivered the 
book and letter to Gov. Johnson on yesterday morning." (DLC-RTL). 

On January 30, Brien wrote Lincoln again: 

"On my arrival in this city, on the 25th instant, I presented your book and 
letter of instructions to Gov. Johnson and made the suggestions as directed by 
you. 

"It was soon known all over the city that the book had arrived, and that an 
opportunity would be afforded the citizens to manifest their desire for the 
establishment of law and order and the Government of the United States, and 
to place upon record the evidence of their true and hearty return to the old 
Government and to once more enjoy the rights of freemen. . . 

"The next day or two, . . . Gov. Johnson issued the enclosed proclamation, 
in which you observe, he prescribed an oath to be taken by every citizen in 
order to [establish] his qualification to vote. This produced considerable con- 
fusion. . . . 

"Now, Mr President, what I ask of you is to state, in some form which may 
be made public, the necessary steps to be taken by the people of Tennessee to 
entitle them to the exercise of the elective franchise. 

. " Does the tal ? ... the oath prescribed . . . restore the party to his orig- 
inal status. . . ? If not, to what extent is he benefitted? 

[130] 



JTAISTUARY 15, 1864 

"Are the elections to be held under the laws of Tennessee, until they are 
changed by the people in some proper form? As a matter of course, they must 
be held under the laws of the state passed prior to the rebellion, or then by 
some rule established by you. 

"I need not say that you will see the importance of settling these questions 
promptly. . . . 

"May I ask of you to state as an order what you stated in the letter to Gov. 
Johnson: that any commissioned officer is qualified to administer the oath, and 
that he do so whenever called upon by those entitled to its benefits. 

"Please let me hear from you at once, as I write on behalf of the people 
of the State." (Ibid.). 

See Lincoln to Johnson, January 25, infra. 

Memorandum Concerning John Racey 1 

[c. January 15, 1864] 
Dont pardon Racey. 

1 AE, DLC-RTL. Lincoln's endorsement is written on an envelope addressed 
to him by Senator John Sherman enclosing a letter of Charles J. Albright, 
Cambridge, Ohio, to Sherman, January 15, 1864, advising that "friends of 
Racey, the leading Noble County conspirator . . . are petitioning President 
Lincoln for his pardon. . . ." Sherman endorsed "I herewith concur in the 
request that Racey be not pardoned." John Racey was convicted as one of the 
leaders of "The Hoskinsville Rebellion" (Cincinnati Daily Gazette, December 
5, 1863). 

To Lorenzo Thomas 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Adjutant General Thomas, Washington, Jan. 15. 1864. 

It is represented that Mrs. Eugenia P. Bass, owner of plantations 
in Missippi about seventy miles above Vicksburg, having taken 
the oath of allegiance, leased and gave possession of said planta- 
tions to parties of unquestionable loyalty; and that you, acting 
perhaps in some mistake of facts, have leased the plantations to 
other parties. Please ascertain how this is, and if loyal lessees of 
hers, had rights there prior to any action of yours, do not let them 
be disturbed. Of course I know nothing certainly about this matter. 
Yours truly A. LINCOLN. 

1ALS, IHi. On January 15, 1864, Mrs. Eugenia P. Bass wrote Secretary 
Seward: 

"I have returned to Washington, to make an effort to obtain the release of 
my brother, Major Henry C. Bate, of the first Confederate Cavalry, now a 
prisoner at Johnson's Island. ... I am deeply interested in rescuing my 
brother from all connection with the rebellion, in which he has so unfortu- 
nately and . . . reluctantly, become involved, and in reclaiming the relative 
on whose support and protection, now more than ever needed by me, I have 
relied for years past. ... I am now called by the care of my property, and 
an imperative sense of duty to my family, to undertake the perils of a journey 

[131] 



JANUARY l6, 1864 

home I have suffered much, very much, from the Union army, by the 

loss of my property, and I feel that I have a claim to the protection of the gov- 
ernment, and its favor, which it can be accorded without in jury to the public. 

"I beg you to present my appeal to the President. . . ." (DLC-IUL). 

See Lincoln to Grant, January 25, infra. 

To William Crosby and Henry E Nichols 1 

Messrs Crosby & Nichols. Executive Mansion, 

Gentlemen Washington, January ifi, 1864. 

The number for this month and year of the North American 
Review was duly received, and, for which, please accept my 
thanks. Of course I am not the most impartial judge; yet with due 
allowance for this, I venture to hope that the artical entitled the 
"Presidents Policy" will be of value to the country. I fear I am 
not quite worthy of all which is therein kindly said of me person- 
ally. 

The sentence of twelve lines commencing at the top of page 
252, I could wish to be not exactly as it is. 2 In what is there ex- 
pressed, the writer has not correctly understood me. I have never 
had a theory that secession could absolve States or people from 
their obligations. Precisely the contrary is asserted in the inau- 
geral address; and it was because of my belief in the continuation 
of these obligations, that I was puzzled, for a time, as to denying 
the legal rights of those citizens who remained individually inno- 
cent of treason or rebellion. But I mean no more now than to 
merely call attention to this point. Yours Respectfully 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, NNP. On December 31, 1863, the publishers of The North American 
Review wrote Lincoln: "The subscribers respectfully request, that the Presi- 
dent will accept the January number of The North American Review, sent by 
this^ mail; and they venture to hope that the article upon 'The President's 
Policy? written by James Russell Lowell, (one of the editors,) will meet with 
his approval. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 

On January 22, they wrote Nicolay in appreciation of Lincoln's letter and 
with the request that they be allowed to publish the letter "to remove any 
erroneous impression that may have been given with regard to The President's 
designs. . . ." (Ibid.}. In the April issue the letter appeared, together with 
the announcement: "Nothing could have been further from the intention of 
the Editors than to misrepresent the opinions of the President. They merely 
meant that, in their judgment, the policy of the Administration was at first 
such as practically to concede to any rebel who might choose to profess loyalty, 
rights under the Constitution whose corresponding obligations he repudiated " 
(p. 630). 

2 James Russell Lowell had written, "Even so long ago as when Mr. Lincoln, 
not yet convinced of the danger and magnitude of the crisis, was endeavoring 
to persuade himself of Union majorities at the South, and to carry on a war 
that was half peace in the hope of a peace that would have been all war, 

[132] 



JANUARY 16, 1864 

while he was still enforcing the Fugitive Slave Law, under some theory that 
Secession, however it might absolve States from their obligations, could not 
escheat them of their claims under the Constitution, and that slaveholders in 
rebellion had alone among mortals the privilege of having their cake and 
eating it at the same time, the enemies of free government were striving to 
persuade the people that the war was an Abolition crusade. . . ." (p. 252). 

To George G. Meade or John Sedgwick 1 

Major-General Meade Executive Mansion, 

or Major-General Sedgwick, Washington, D.C., 

Army of the Potomac: January 16, 1864. 

Suspend execution of death sentence of Joseph W. Clifton, of 
Sixth New Jersey Volunteers, until further order. 

A. LINCOLN. 

1 Tarbell (Appendix), p. 410. Joseph W. Clifton's sentence for desertion was 
commuted to imprisonment in Dry Tortugas by AGO Special Orders No. 166, 
May 3, 1864. 

To Edwin D. Morgan 1 

Will Senator Morgan please present my compliments to Judge Ed- 
monds, & say to him the books will be gratefully accepted by me. 
Jan. 16. 1864. A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS-F, The Collector, December, 1951, p. 236. Senator Morgan wrote on 
January 16, 1864, "Please read the letter of Judge Edmonds and return it to 
me that I may tell him you will accept of his Books." (DLC-RTL). No in- 
dication is given of the titles of the books, but Judge John W. Edmonds pub- 
lished An Address to His Law Students . . . , New York, 1864, and Spiritual- 
ism (with George T. Dexter), New York, 1854. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War Executive Mansion, 

Dear Sir Washington, Jan. 16. 1864. 

Some days ago, upon the unanamous request of our friends in 
congress from Connecticut, and upon what appeared to be good 
reason, I ordered a change of Provost Marshal & commissioner, 
under the enrolment law in one of the Districts the 4th; and 
they are complaining now that it is not done. Let it be done. Yours 
truly A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, owned by Edward C. Stone, Boston, Massachusetts. William H. Riley, 
appointed provost marshal on September 9, 1863, was replaced by Leverett 
W. Wessels on January 9, 1864; Frederick Ellsworth, appointed commissioner 
on September 9, 1863, was replaced by Edward J. Alvord on January 9, 1864. 

[133] 



To Jeremiah C. Sullivan 1 

Gen. Sullivan Executive Mansion, 

Harper's Ferry Washington, Jan. 16 1864. 

Please state to me the reasons of the arrest of Capt. William 
Firey, of Major Coles Battalion, at Charlestown. A. LINCOLN- 

i ALS, RPB. General Sullivan's reply was received at i P.M.: "Capt. Ferry 
was arrested for failing to enforce discipline while in command of a scout, 
allowing his men to straggle into private houses and commit depredations. 
Owing to the gallantry displayed by Maj [Henry A.] Coles comdg at the re- 
cent attack on his camp, I had restored Capt Ferry to duty before your dis- 
patch was received." (DLC-RTL). Captain William Firey, Company B, First 
Regiment, Potomac Home Brigade Cavalry of the Maryland Volunteers, was 
finally dismissed from the service on May 30, 1864. 

To Thomas E. Bramlette 1 

Governor Bramlette Executive Mansion, 

Frankfort, Ky. Washington, Jan. 17, 1864. 

Your letter of the 8th. is just received. To your question "May 
I not add Q.E.D.?" I answer, "no" because you omit the "premise" 
in the law, that the President may, in his discretion, send these 
troops out of Kentucky and I take it that if he shall do so on the 
judgment of Gen. Grant, as to it's propriety, it will be neither 
cruelty, bad faith or dishonor. When I telegraphed you, I knew, 
though I did not say so to you, that Gen. Grant was, about that 
time, with Gen. Foster at Knoxville, and could not be ignorant of 
or averse to the order which alarmed you. I see he has since passed 
through Kentucky, and I hope you have had a conference with 
him. A. 



1 ALS, IHi. On January 8, Governor Bramlette replied to Lincoln's commu- 
nication of January 6, supra: 

"I did not intend by any expression in my telegram, to impugn the motives 
of any one. I only intended ... to express my conviction of the effect of the 
order. . . . My confidence in Genl Grant has been continuous. ... I regard 
him as the first Genl of the age. . . . Had I believed that the order emanated 
from or was sanctioned by Genl Grant, my great confidence in him would 
have prevented me from telegraphing to you. I had reasons to believe that 
Genl Grant did not know of the order. . . . This order necessarily exposes his 
communications and supplies to destruction. ... If this order was with the 
approbation of Genl Grant I will await the denouement before I venture a 
judgment of condemnation. Though I cannot now see any good in it, yet if 
it be his plan, I will await, with confidence the result, without forming any 
opposing judgment. ..." 

After quoting his previous telegram and amplifying each point, the governor 
continued: 

''May I not -add Q.E.D. 

"In all candor and with the kindest feelings I ask what reliance can our 
people place upon any pledge of the Government and its functionaries, if this 

[134] 



JANUARY l8, 1864 

be not observed. . . . Kentucky loyalty cannot be driven from its secure lodge- 
ment in the hearts of the people, by any bad faith of others. We are in and 
of the Union and will live and die there. Rebel outrages cannot drive us, nor 
federal injustice divert us from the true line of patriotism. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 



To Thomas B. Bryan 1 

Executive Mansion, 
My Dear Sir. Washington, January i8th, 1864. 

I have recieved the two copies of the lithographed f ac-simile of 
the original draft of the Emancipation Proclamation, which you 
have had the kindness to send me, and in answer to your question, 
I have to say that although I have not examined it in detail, yet 
it impresses me favorably as being a faithful and correct copy. 
Yours truly, A LINCOLN. 

Thos B Bryan Esq 

Chicago, Illinois. 

1 Copy, DLC-RTL. Thomas B. Bryan wrote on January 7, 1864: 

"I mail herewith . . . the two first copies of the lithographed Facsimile of 
your Proclamation of Freedom. Have the kindness to inform me if the copy 
impress you favorably as an exact Fac-simile. . . . 

"It may interest you to know that the Original Manuscript . . . will be held 
by our Soldiers Home in trust for the benefit of the sick & disabled soldiers of 
the Union Army. Although I purpose donating a share of the avails of my 
copyright to the Home as mentioned in the certificate on the face of the print, 
yet at the voluntary suggestion of Dr. Bellows of New York, all copies sold 
in the East will yield a fund for the U.S. Sanitary Commission, of which he 
is Prest. . . . The caption will therefore be changed. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 

Numerous copies of the facsimiles issued by Bryan are extant. Comparison 
with the photographic copies of the Proclamation preserved in the Lincoln 
Papers (see note to Proclamation, January i, 1863, supra) show the Bryan 
facsimile to be accurate as to text, but inferior to the photographs as an exact 
reproduction. 



To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Major General Butler [January 18, 1864] 

Fort-Monroe. 

Gov. Pierpoint has been, from the first, a zealous and efficient 
supporter of the government. He now understands that you have 
ordered all the nmnicipal officers of Norfolk and Portsmouth to 
report to you in detail the amounts of all money received by them, 
&c. and also that you have constituted a commission to investigate 
the condition of the Savings Funds and Banking institutions there; 
and he, as Governor, feels agrieved by these measures. The Presi- 
dent directs me to request you to suspend these measures, until 

[135] 



JANUARY l8, 1864 

you can state to him, in writing or otherwise, your views of the 
necessity or propriety of them. EDWIN M STANTON 

Sec of War 

1AL-F, ISLA. This communication was written by Lincoln and signed by 
Stanton. General Butler wrote Lincoln on February 23, 1864, a forty-page re- 
port enclosing voluminous reports and summaries from his subordinates, which 
explained the necessities that had dictated the issuing of his General Orders No. 
40 and clarified misstatements made by Governor Peirpoint (DLC-RTL). The 
bracketed date is established by related communications in the Butler Papers 
and the Lincoln Papers (DLC). 

Endorsement Concerning A. Z. Boyer 1 

Let A. Z. Boyer, named within, take the oath of December 8th. 
1863, upon doing which he is pardoned and to be discharged. 
Jan. 18. 1864 A. LINCOLN 

1AES, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, MM 1027. Lincoln's 
endorsement is written on the court-martial record of A. Z. Boy or, Company 
C, Second Kentucky Cavalry, CSA, sentenced to be hanged as a spy. Letters 
from James Speed, January 12, and Brutus J. Clay, January 14, 1864, requestor! 
Lincoln's favorable consideration of the case (DLC-RTL). AGO Special Orders 
No. 45, January 29, 1864, directed Boyer's discharge from custody. 

Endorsement Concerning Charles T. Hagan 1 



January 18, 

At the request of the Hon. Mr. Harding of Kentucky it is ordered 
that the within named Charles Thomas Hagan may take the oath 
of Dec. 8 & be discharged A. LINCOLN 

Jan. 18. 1864 

!AES, owned by John M. Holcombe, Jr., Hartford, Connecticut. Lincoln's 
endorsement is written on a letter of Charity Muclcl to Representative Anron 
Harding, Springfield, Kentucky, January 6, 1864, asking that her son Chnrles 
Thomas Hagan, captured with John H. Morgan and imprisoned at Camp 
Chase, be released. A portion of the letter, presumably bearing Hnrclinc's en- 
dorsement, has been cut off. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Let a pass be allowed in this case. A. LINCOLN 
Jan. 18, 1864 



m R 107 ' Secretar y of War, Letters Received, P 27 Lin- 

DC ' J e a n n u ^ ment 1 L Wrltten * a l6tter fr m Hira Shw, Jr., Washington, 
toJ^ to * ^er, Mrs. B. P. Tnunon 

[136] 



To Whom It May Concern 1 

Executive Mansion 
Whom it may concern: Washington, January 18, 1864 

The bearer, John P. W. [M.] Thornton, a private in Co. E 6ist 
New York volunteers, comes to me voluntarily under apprehension 
that he may be arrested, convicted, and punished as a deserter; 
and I hereby direct him to report forthwith to his regiment for 
duty, and upon condition that he does this, and faithfully serves 
out his term, or until he shall be honorably discharged for any 
cause, he is fully pardoned for any supposed desertion heretofor 
committed. A. LINCOLN. 

1 William D. Morley Catalog, January 28, 1944, No. 84. AGO Special Orders 
No. 26, January 18, 1864, ordered Private John P. M. Thornton to report to his 
regiment for duty. 

To John Clark 1 

Col. John Clark. Executive Mansion, 

Of 3rd. Regt. of Perm. Reserves Washington, 

Alexandria, Va. Jan. 19, 1864. 

Where is, John Wilson, under sentence for desertion, of whom 
you wrote Hon Mr. Thayer yesterday? A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. No reply has been discovered. See Lincoln to Sedgwick, Jan- 
uary 20, infra. 

To Robert T. Lincoln 1 

R. T. Lincoln, Executive Mansion, 

Cambridge, Mass: Washington, January 19, 1864. 

There is a good deal of small-pox here. Your friends must judge 
for themselves whether they ought to come or not. 

_^ . _ . A. LINCOLN. 

Ma] or Eckert: 

Please send above dispatch. JNO. G. NICOLAY. 

1 Tarbell (Appendix), p. 410. No communication from Robert T. Lincoln 
has been found in this connection. 

To Edwin M. Stanton and Henry W. Halleck 1 

Executive Mansion 
Washington Dec. \_sic] Jan 19.764 

To-day Hon. Joshua R. Giddings calls and says his son, Major Gro- 
tius R. Giddings, of the 1 4th. Regular Infantry, wishes his name 

[137] 



JANUARY 20, 1864 

to be remembered, if Brigadier Generals shall be appointed for 

, j . A. LIN-COUNT 

colored troops. 

Submitted to the Sec. of War & General-in-Chief. 

T ,Q, A. LIISTCOLN 

Jan. 19. 1004. 

i ADS and AES, IHi. Major Grotius R. Giddings was appointed lieutenant 
colonel as of May 18, 1864, but not brigadier general. 

To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Executive Mansion 
Major General Butler. Washington D.C. Jan. 20. 1864. 

If Henry C. Fuller, of Co. C. n8th. N.Y. Vols. under sentence 
of death for desertion, has not been executed, suspend his execu- 
tion until further order. A. LmcoL/isr 

1 ALS, RPB. Henry C. Fuller's sentence was commuted to imprisonment for 
three years. 

To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Major General Butler Executive Mansion 

Fort-Monroe Washington D.C. Jan. 20. 1864. 

Please suspend executions, until further order, in the cases of 
private Henry Wooding, of Co. C. 8th. Conn. Vols. and private 
Albert A. Lacy of Co. H. 4th. Rhode-Island Vols. 

A. 



1 ALS, RPB. Henry Wooding was dishonorably discharged on May 27, 1865; 
Albert A. Lacy was released from prison on May 27, 1869. 

Endorsement Concerning Charles M. Shelton 1 

January 20, 1864 

Hon. James E. English, endorses the writer of the within, and 
states that he personally knows much of what is set forth to be 
true. The said Charles M. Shelton, is pardoned for the unexecuted 
part of his punishment, and is to be fully discharged. 
Jan. 20. 1864. A. 



1 AES, IHi. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a statement signed by Harry 
Peck, principal of Greenwich Institute, Greenwich, Connecticut, October 17, 
1863, concerning Charles M. Shelton, an epileptic. One Charles M. Shelton of 
Company H, Second Connecticut Volunteers, had been discharged for dis- 
ability after one month's service on June 26, 1861. The roster of Company K, 
Eleventh Connecticut Volunteers, lists the same name as enlisted on February 
11, 1863, and dishonorably discharged as of August 28, 1863. AGO Special 

[138] 



JANUARY 2O, 1864 

Orders No. 30, January 20, 1864, directed that Charles M. Shelton "be released 
from confinement, and discharged." James E. English was U.S. representative 
from New Haven, Connecticut. 

Memorandum : 
Appointment of John D. C. Hoskins 1 

[c. January 20, 1864] 
John D. C. Hoskins 18 years of age. Jan. 19. 1864. 

West-Point- 
Gen. Hitchcock, will present a paper. 

I have seen this boy's discharge, by which it appears that he has 
served thirty days during this war. A. LINCOLN 

Jan. 20. 1864 

i AE and AES, DNA WR RG 94, U.S. Military Academy, 1861, No. 395- 
The first endorsement is written on the envelope containing recommendations 
for John D. C. Hoskins of North Carolina. The second is written on a letter 
of H. L. Kendrick, West Point, New York, to Colonel William A. Nichols, 
Adjutant General's Office, recommending that the son of Charles Hoskins (ad- 
jutant of the Fourth U.S. Infantry, killed September 21, 1846, at the Battle 
of Monterey) be appointed to West Point. John D. C. Hoskins entered West 
Point July i, 1864, and graduated in 1868. 

Memorandum Concerning Thomas J. Kellinger 1 

January 20, 1864 

Thomas J. Kellinger, having been pardoned upon condition of his 
entering the Naval service, and having been rejected as physically 
unfit for that service, his pardon is now made absolute and un- 
conditional. A. LINCOLN 
Jan. 20. 1864 

1 AES, owned by Julius E. Haycraft, Fairmont, Minnesota. Lincoln's en- 
dorsement has been removed from attendant papers. AGO Special Orders No. 
35, January 23, 1864, ordered discharge of Private Thomas J. Kellinger, One 
Hundred Forty-fifth New York Volunteers. 

Order Concerning W. D. Walker 1 

January 20, 1864 

Let this man take the oath of December 8th. & be discharged. It is 
not improbable he is already discharged by Gen. Marston 2 on 
these terms. A. LINCOLN 

Jan. 20. 1864 

1 AES, owned by R. E. Burdick, New York City. Lincoln's endorsement ap- 
pears on a letter from John B. S. Todd, January 9, 1864, asking release of "W. D. 
Walker, a prisoner of war, now at Point Lookout, Maryland, & belonging to 
Company C, sd Missouri Vol's. rebel Service." 2 Gilman Marston, 

[139] 



To John Sedgwick 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 

Major General Sedgwicke Jan - 20 > l86 4 

Suspend execution till further order, in case of private James 
Lane, Co. B. 7 ist. N.Y vols. A - LINCOLN 

1ALS-F, ISLA. General Sedgwick's telegram in reply was received at 8 
p M "Your dispatch directing the suspension of the execution of the sentence 
m the case of Private James Lane of Co B. 7ist N.Y. Vols received," (DLC- 
RTL). Private James Lane's sentence for desertion was commuted to imprison- 
ment along with numerous others on April 18, 1864, under the order of Feb- 
ruary 26, 1864. See further, Lincoln to Sedgwick, January 26, infra. 

To John Sedgwick 1 

Major-General Sedgwick, Executive Mansion, 

Army of the Potomac: Washington, January 20, 1 864. 

Please suspend execution of John Wilson, of Seventy- first 
Pennsylvania, under sentence for desertion, till further order. 

A. 



iTarbell (Appendix), p. 411. See Lincoln to Clark, January 19, supra. John 
Wilson's sentence was commuted to imprisonment. See further Lincoln to 
Sedgwick, January 26, infra. 

To the Senate and House of Representatives 1 

January 20, 1864 
Gentlemen of the Senate and House of Representatives 

In accordance with a letter addressed by the Secretary of State, 
with my approval, to the Hon. Joseph A. Wright, of Indiana, that 
patriotic and distinguished gentleman repaired to Europe and at- 
tended the International Agricultural Exhibition held at Hamburg 
last year, and has, since his return made a report to me, which it 
is believed, can not fail, to be of general interest, and especially so 
to the agricultural community. I transmit, for your consideration, 
copies of the letter and report. While it appears by the letter that 
no re-imbursement of expences, or compensation, was promised 
him, I submit whether reasonable allowance should not be made 
him for them. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

January aoth. 1864. 

lADf, DLC-RTL; DS, DNA RG 46, Senate 3 8A F 2; DS, DNA KG 233, 
House Executive Document No. 28. The enclosures may be found in House 
Executive Document No. 28. No record has been found of compensation or 
reimbursement for Joseph A. Wright. 

[140] 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

January 20, 1864 

Submitted to Sec. of War. If another Assistant Quarter-Master is 
needed to serve in Central Illinois, or with Illinois troops, let Mr. 
Lawrence be appointed. A. LINCOLN 

Jan. 20, 1864. 

1 AES, IHi. Lincoln's endorsement is written on an envelope endorsed in an 
unidentified hand "R. D. Lawrence Recomd for Asst Qr Mr of Vols." A further 
unidentified endorsement reads: "Left by Hon W. Jayne delegate from Da- 
kota." Lawrence was probably Rheuna D. Lawrence, a merchant of Spring- 
field, Illinois. No record of his appointment has been found. 

To Frederick Steele 1 

Executive Mansion Washington, D.C. 
Major General Steele Jan. 20. 1864. 

Sundry citizens of the State o Arkansas petition me that an 
election may be held in that State, at which to elect a Governor 
thereof; 

that it be assumed at said elec- 
tion, and thenceforward, that the constitution and laws of the 
State, as before the rebellion, are in full force, except that the con- 
stitution is so modified as to declare that "There shall be neither 
slavery nor involuntary servitude, except in the punishment of 
crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted; but the 
General Assembly may make such provision for the freed-people 
as shall recognize and declare their permanent freedom, provide 
for their education, and which may yet be consistent, as a tem- 
porary arrangement, with their present condition as a laboring, 
landless, and homeless class"; and also except that all now existing 
laws in relation to slaves are inoperative and void; that said elec- 
tion be held on the twentyeighth day of March next, at all the 
usual voting places of the State, or all such as voters may attend 
for that purpose; that the voters attending at each place, at eight 
o'clock in the morning of said day, may choose Judges and Clerks 
of election for that place; that all persons qualified by said consti- 
tution and laws, and taking the oath prescribed in the Presidents 
proclamation of December the 8th. 1863, either before or at the 
election, and none others, may be voters provided that persons 
having the qualifications aforesaid, and being in the Volunteer 
military service of the United States, may vote once wherever this 
may be at voting places; that each sett of Judges and Clerks may 
make return directly to you, on or before the eleventh day of 

[141] 



JANUARY 21, 1864 

April next; that in all other respects said election may be con- 
ducted according to said modified constitution, and laws; that, on 
receipt of said returns, you count said votes, and that, if the num- 
ber shall reach, or exceed, five thousand four hundred and six, you 
canvass said votes and ascertain who shall thereby appear to have 
been elected Governor; and that on the eighteenth day of April 
next, the person so appearing to have been elected, and appearing 
before you at Little Rock, to have, by you, administered to him, 
an oath to support the constitution of the United States and said 
modified constitution of the State of Arkansas, and actually taking 
said oath, be by you declared qualified, and be enjoined to imme- 
diately enter upon the duties of the office of Governor of said State; 
and that you thereupon declare the constitution of the State of 
Arkansas to have been modified and amended as aforesaid, by the 
action of the people as aforesaid. 

You will please order an election immediately, and perform the 
other parts assigned you, with necessary incidentals, all according 
to the foregoing. Yours truly A. 



i ALS, CSmH; LS, owned by William W. Steele, Pescadero, California. See 
Lincoln's remarks to Arkansas Delegation, January 22, and his letters to Steclc, 
January 27 and 30, infra. 

To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Major General Butler Executive Mansion, 

Fort-Monroe, Va Washington, Jan. 21. 1864. 

Suspend until further order, the execution of James C. Gratton, 
of Co. F. nth. Penn. Cavalry, and send record of his case. 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. See Lincoln to Butler, January 26, infra. The roster of Com- 
pany F, Eleventh Pennsylvania Cavalry lists James C. Gratton as deserted on 
August 7, 1863, returned on October 30, 1863, wounded May 14^ 1864, and 
discharged August 26, 1864. AGO Special Orders No. 55, February 4, 1864, 
announced the president's pardon of "James C. Grattan" [szc]. 

To James W. Grimes 1 

Hon. J. W. Grimes Executive Mansion 

My dear Sir Washington, January 21, 1864 

Yours of yesterday about vacancies of Generalships was received 
today and referred to the War-Department for further informa- 
tion. I did not give you my understanding, but the Secretary's dis- 
tinct statement that "There is no vacancy of a Major, or Brigadier 
General." Yours very truly A. LINCOLN. 

[142] 



JANUARY 22, 1864 

1 John Heise Catalog 2467, No. 78. See Lincoln to Grimes, January 11, supra. 
Senator Grimes' letter of January 20, 1864, endorsed by Lincoln "Submitted 
to the Sec. of War for further information,'* is as follows: 

"Your note of the 5th inst in which you informed me that you understood 
there were no vacancies in the grades of Major & Brigadier Genls. came duly 
to hand. I suspect that there must be some misapprehension about this for I 
saw to day in the hands of the chairman of the Military Committee of the 
Senate in executive session a list prepared for him at the War Department 
which showed that whilst there were no vacancies in grade of Major Genl. 
there were thirteen vacancies in the grade of Brigadier" (ALS, NHi). 

Memorandum : 
Appointment of Alexander D. B. Smead 1 

West-Point 
This is a very strong case. A. LINCOLN" 

Jan. 21. 1864 

1 AES, DNA WR RG 94, U.S. Military Academy, 1864, No. 415. Lincoln's 
endorsement is written on a letter from Major General Ethan A. Hitchcock, 
January 21, 1864, recommending Alexander D. B. Smead. No record of 
Smead's appointment has been found. 

To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States. January 21, 1864 

In compliance with the resolution of the Senate of yesterday 
respecting the recent destruction by fire of the church of the 
Compania at Santiago, Chile, and the efforts of citizens of the 
United States to rescue the victims of the conflagration, I transmit 
a report from the Secretary of State, with the papers accompany- 
ing it. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 
Washington, January 21, 1864. 

1 DS, DNA RG 46, Senate s8A Fa. The enclosures are printed in Thirty- 
eighth Congress, First Session, Senate Executive Document No. 10. The report 
of Thomas H. Nelson, minister to Chile, related the part played by Americans 
in helping to try to put out the fire and in rescuing victims when the church 
burned on December 8, 1863. Nearly 2,500 persons lost their lives in the fire. 

To Commander at Fort Independence 1 

Military commander, at Executive Mansion, 

Fort-Independence Washington, January 22, 1864. 

Suspend until further order, execution of Charles R. Betts of 
i2th. Massachusetts, and send me the record of his trial. 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. No reply has been located. Charles R. Betts of Company A, 
Twelfth Massachusetts Volunteers, sentenced for desertion, was released on 
May 30, 1864, on condition that he join the Navy. He enlisted in the Navy 
for two years, but deserted on September 3, 1864. 

[143] 



Endorsement 1 

January 22, 1864 

Let the within named, except Yocum, take the oath of Dec 8 & be 
discharged. Yocum is in the Old Capitol, not as a prisoner of war, 
but for an offence for which he has suffered enough & should, as 
I think, be discharged. A - LINCOLN. 

Jan. 22, 1864. 

iStan. V. Henkels Catalog 1379, October 15, 1925, No. 32. According to the 
catalog description this is an autograph endorsement signed, but no account 
of the document is given. Concerning William Yocum, see Lincoln to Holt, 
February 3, 1864, infra. 



Remarks to Arkansas Delegation 1 

January 22, 1864 

The President announced to the Arkansas delegation, this after- 
noon, that he had determined not to appoint a separate Military 
Governor, but to entrust to General Steele, the recently appointed 
Commander of the Department of Arkansas, with both the mili- 
tary and civil administration of the State. 

He stated the reason to be that the experience of the past had 
proved that there was constant conflict between military governors 
and military commanders, which was injurious to the interests 
under their charge. He expressed hopes that a formal organization 
of the State Government under the terms of the Amnesty Procla- 
mation would speedily be made by the people of Arkansas. The 
delegation was fully satisfied with the President's action. 

1 Illinois State Journal, January 27, 1864. See Lincoln's letters to Stccle, 
January 20, supra^ and January 27 and 30, infra. 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Secretary of War, please send me nominations according to the 
within, irrespective of whether there are any vacancies 
Jan. 22. 1864 A. 



1AES, InHi. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter from Governor 
Oliver P. Morton, January 17, 1864, calling attention to past promises of pro- 
motions for Colonel John T. Wilder, Seventeenth Indiana, Colonel Silas Col- 
grove, Twenty-seventh Indiana, Colonel William Grose, Thirty-sixth Indiana, 
and Colonel Benjamin F. Scribner, Thirty-eighth Indiana. All four were nom- 
inated on January 23, 1864, but their nominations were returned to the 
president on February 8, for lack of vacancies. 

[144] 



To Edward Bates 1 

Hon. Attorney General Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, Jan. 23, 1864. 

I do not quite understand the little difficulty about the Marshal 
of Ky; but if you understand it is now, clear, send me a nomina- 
tion of Mr. William A. Meriwether, for that office. Yours truly 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, DNA GE RG 60, Papers of Attorney General, Segregated Lincoln 
Material. William A. Merriwether, whose name Lincoln misspells, was con- 
firmed by the Senate on February 3, 1864. 

To Alpheus Lewis 1 

Alpheus Lewis, Esq. Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, January 23. 1864. 

You have enquired how the government would regard and treat 
cases wherein the owners of plantations, in Arkansas, for instance, 
might fully recognize the freedom of those formerly slaves, and 
by fair contracts of hire with them, re-commence the cultivation 
of their plantations. I answer I should regard such cases with 
great favor, and should, as the principle, treat them precisely as I 
would treat the same number of free white people in the same re- 
lation and condition. Whether white or black, reasonable effort 
should be made to give government protection. In neither case 
should the giving of aid and comfort to the rebellion, or other 
practices injurious to the government, be allowed on such planta- 
tions; and in either, the government would claim the right to take 
if necessary those of proper ages and conditions into the military 
service. Such plan must not be used to break up existing leases or 
arrangements of abandoned plantations which the government 
may have made to give employment and sustenance to the idle 
and destitute people. With the foregoing qualifications and expla- 
nations, and in view of it's tendency to advance freedom, and re- 
store peace and prosperity, such hireing and employment of the 
freed people, would be regarded by me with rather especial favor. 
Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

ES. To be more specific I add that all the Military, and others act- 
ing by authority of the United States, are to favor and facilitate 
the introduction and carrying forward, in good faith, the free- 
labor system as above indicated, by allowing the necessary sup- 
plies therefor to be procured and taken to the proper points, and 
by doing and forbearing whatever will advance it; provided that 

[145] 



JANUARY 23, 1864 

existing military and trade regulations be not transcended there- 
by, I shall be glad to learn that planters adopting this system 
shall have employed one so zealous and active as yourself to act 
as an agent in relation thereto. A - L - 

This ES. is in the body of the letter given 2 

i ADfS, DLC-RTL. On January 20, 1864, Green C. Smith wrote Lincoln: 

"Mr. Lewis obtained when here some time since a permit to purchase cot- 
ton. He proceeded south for that purpose but found that the planters in side 
of our lines refused to let him have cotton unless he would furnish a ... pro- 
portion of supplies in lieu of the cotton purchased. These people are bound to 
live, must live, & they can only live on supplies furnished by our people. . . . 
Therefore would it be improper to allow Mr. Lewis this privilege. I will stand 
as sponsor for him that he will not abuse this privilege, but in connexion with 
it, obtain more valuable information upon which the govt. can act than any 
man you can have to operate. . . ." (DLC-RTL) . 

A letter from Brutus J. Clay of January 21 gives supplemental information: 
"From our conversation last night it seemed probable, Mr. Lewis would leave 
for the South soon, and stop at Bolivar, Mississippi, and see my Brother-in-law, 
C. F. Field. I thought I would act at once for him & in behalf of those he 
represents, as well as of my son Christopher F. Clay, for permission to hire 
voluntary Labour to carry on their plantations . . . under such restrictions 
as you may require. Also the right to purchase and carry to the plantations 
all needful supplies . . . and receive the proper protection from the Military 
Authorities for carrying on their legitimate business. . . . The season is ap- 
proaching for putting in a crop. . . . Therefore despatch is necessary, & I 
would like for Mr. Lewis to carry all proper authority to Mr. Field when he 
goes." (Ibid.). 

A draft of an order dated January 21, 1864, is as follows: 

"The Supervising Special Agents of Treasury for ist Agency, or proper 
Treasury Agents at Memphis or Vicksburg will grant to Alpheus Lewis Esq, 
necessary authority to purchase at, and ship from either place, family supplies, 
to the residence and plantations of such well disposed persons as ho may name, 
within the lines of national military occupation, who will adopt the voluntary 
labor system. 

"And the Surveyor of Customs at either place will clear all boats containing 
such supplies to any place or places within our lines, for the purpose of trans- 
porting said supplies and bringing back cotton or other produce he may receive 
in exchange. 

"The Military and Naval authorities are requested to allow Mr Lewis to 
proceed to and from such places as he may desire with his boats, for the pur- 
pose of carrying out the above." (Ibid.). 

2 The letter given has not been located. 

Permit to Christopher F. Field and 
Christopher F. Clay 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Washington, [January 23?], 1864. 

Confiding in the representations and assurances made and given 
by Hon. Brutus J. Clay of Kentucky, that if permitted, and af- 
forded reasonable protection and facilities by the government, his 

[146] 



JTAINTUARY 23, 1864 

brother-in-law, Christopher F. Field, and his son, Christopher F. 
Clay, having, prior to the rebellion, had ownership and lawful 
control, of several plantations in Mississippi and Arkansas would 
put said plantations into cultivation, upon the system of free hired 
labor, recognizing and acknowledging the freedom of the laborers, 
and totally excluding from said plantations, the slave system of 
labor and all actual slavery, and would neither do or permit any- 
thing on said plantations which would aid the rebellion, it is here- 
by ordered that said Christopher F. Field, and Christopher F. Clay, 
or either of them, be permitted to so put said plantations, or any 
of them, into cultivation; and that the Military, and all others act- 
ing by the authority of the United States, are to favor and facili- 
tate said Field and Clay in the carrying forward said business in 
good faith, by giving them protection, and allowing them to pro- 
cure, and take to the proper points, the necessary supplies of all 
kinds, and by doing and forbearing in whatever way will ad- 
vance the object aforesaid; provided that existing Military or 
Trade regulations, nor any military necessity, be transcended or 
over-ridden thereby. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

I have made the representations and given the assurances as 
within indicated. BRUTUS J. CLAY 

Feb. i. 1864 

1 ADfS, DLC-RTL. The bracketed portion of the date has been supplied on 
the basis of the letter to Lewis, supra. The certificate in Lincoln's handwriting 
signed by Brutus J. Clay is on a separate page, and was probably drawn up 
on the date given. 

To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States: January 23, 1864 

I transmit to the Senate a copy of a dispatch of the 12th. of 
April, last, addressed by Anson Burlingame, Esquire, the Minister 
of the United States to China, to the Secretary of State, relative to 
a modification of the 2ist. article of the Treaty between the 
United States and China of the i8th. of June 1858, a printed copy 
of which is also herewith transmitted. These papers are submitted 
to the consideration of the Senate with a view to their advice and 
consent being given to the modification of the said Twenty-first 
article as explained in the said dispatch and its accompaniments. 
Washington, 230!. January, 1864. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

1 DS, DNA RG 46, Senate 386 B2. The communication from Burlingame 
transmitted an agreement of April 7, 1863, with the government of China that 
the twenty-first article of the treaty of June 18, 1858, "shall be so modified 
as to permit duties to be paid when goods are re-exported from any one of the 

[147] 



JANUARY 23, 1864 

free ports of China, at the port into which they are finally imported; and that 
drawbacks shall be substituted for exemption certificates at all the ports, which 
drawbacks shall be regarded as negotiable and transferable articles, and be ac- 
cepted by the custom-house from whatsoever merchant who may tender them 
either for import or export duty to be paid by him." The Senate advised and 
consented to this modification by resolution of February 4, 1864; and it was 
accepted, ratified, and confirmed by the President, February 22, 1864- (Sixty- 
first Congress, Second Session, Senate Executive Document No. 357, Treaties 

. . . 4776-909 9 I, 221.) 

To Cadwallader C. Washburn 1 

Major General C. C. Washburn. Executive Mansion, 

[Care of C. & G. Woodman Washington, 

No. 33 Pine Street, N.Y. City] 2 Jan. 23, 1864. 

Your brother wishes you to visit Washington, and this is your 
authority to do so. A. 



1 ALS, RPB. General Washburn was the brother of Representative Elihu B. 
Washburne. General Nathaniel P. Banks wrote Lincoln on January 15: 

"Major General C. C. Washburn, who visits Washington upon leave of ab- 
sence, given by you, will be able to state to you more fully than it can be pre- 
sented in despatches, the condition of affairs in Texas. I have requested him 
to call upon you for that purpose. Although dated in October he has declined 
to avail himself of the privelege granted to him, until now, -when the public 
service justifies his temporary absence. 

"You will allow me to express the hope that he return to this Department 
upon the termation of his furlough. He is a valuable officer and in his service 
here, has exhibited the most commendable energy and capacity in the dis- 
charge of his duties fully justifying the high confidence you have reposod in 
him." (DLC-RTL). 2 The bracketed address was inserted by a clerk. 

To Edward Bates 1 

Hon. Attorney General please make out & send me a pardon in 
this case. A. LINCOLN 

Jan. 25. 1864. 

i AES, DNA RG 204, U.S. Pardon Attorney, A 466. Lincoln's endorsement 
is written on a letter of B. Milburn to John D. Stiles, January 22, 1864, testi- 
fying to the good behavior of George S. Becker while a prisoner in tho District 
of Columbia jail. See Lincoln to Stiles, December 24, 1863, supra. 

To Salmon E Chase 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Washington, B.C., January 25, 1864. 

My dear Sir: Not intending to hurry you, may I ask if the new 
provisions about trade in cotton and sugar are nearly ready to 
go into effect? Yours truly, A . Lll s, COL N. 

[148] 



JT A 1ST TJ A R Y 2 $, 864 

1 NH, IX, 295. Chase replied on the same day: "Will you have the good- 
ness to name an hour today, either at the Executive Mansion or here, which 
you will give to the final revision of the new regulations of trade, with me." 
(DLC-RTL.) . See Lincoln's order of January 26, and letter to Chase of January 
28, infra. 

Endorsement 1 

January 25, 1864 

Senator Powell says that of the many applications he has, he 
thinks the within named may safely be allowed to take the oath 
and be discharged. He says those designated as officers have re- 
signed, as they write to him and he believes. 

Let them all take the oath of Dec. 8. and be discharged. 

Jan. 25. 1864. A. LINCOLN 

1 Angle, p. 340. Lincoln's endorsement having been cut from the attendant 
document, Senator Lazarus W. Powell's recommendation is not available. 

To Ulysses S. Grant 1 

January 25, 1864 

I have declined to sign the within; and yet I do desire that an 
examination of Mrs. Bass' losses may be made by those having 
the means of doing so; and that she be paid, or her account for- 
warded to the War Department, in due form, accordingly as the 
rules of the service may apply to her case. A. LINCOLN 

Jan. 25. 1864 

Majr. Genl. Grant. 

1 AES-F, American Art Association Anderson Galleries Catalog 2823, Feb- 
ruary 25-26, 1930, No. 240. See Lincoln to Lorenzo Thomas, January 15, supra. 
Lincoln's endorsement is written on an order for an inquiry into the claims 
of Mrs. Eugenia P. Bass for supplies taken from her plantation for use of U.S. 
troops. The document is also endorsed by Grant and by Andrew Johnson on 
June 10, 1865. Grant wrote: "The endorsement herein will be executed by the 
present commander of Vicksburg." President Johnson wrote: "The endorse- 
ment of Gen'l. Grant hereon is approved, and will be carried into execution." 

To Andrew Johnson 1 

Gov. Johnson Executive Mansion, 

Nashville, Tenn. Washington, Jan. 25, 1864. 

The oath in the proclamation may be administered by the Mili- 
tary Governor, the Military commander of the Department, and 
by all persons designated by them for that purpose. Loyal as well 
as disloyal should take the oath, because it does not hurt them, 
clears all question as to their right to vote, and swells the aggre- 

[149] 



JANUARY 25, 1864 
gate number who take it, which is an important object. This 2 is 
the President's reply to your questions of the i^th. I intend to 



start for Nashville in the morning. Will go directly through- 
stopping a few hours in Cincinnati, where a dispatch will reach 

HORACE MAYISTARD 

Please send the above as public business. A. LINCOLN 

1AL and AES, RPB. The manuscript telegram is in Lincoln's autograph 

excepting the portion noted. See Lincoln to Johnson, January 15, supra. 

2 The remainder down to and including Maynard's signature is in Maynard's 

autograph. 

To George G. Meade 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
Major-General Meade: January 25, 1864. 

Suspend execution of death sentence of Robert Gill, ordered to 
be shot on the 2Qth instant, and forward record for examination. 

A. LINCOLN. 
Major Eckert: 

Please send above dispatch. JNO. G. NICOLAY. 
1 Tarbell (Appendix), p. 412. No reply has been found. See Lincoln to Stan- 
ton, January a 8, infra. 

To George G. Meade 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
Major-General Meade: January 25, 1864. 

Suspend execution of sentence Samuel Tyler, of Company G, 
Third Regiment New Jersey Volunteers, in First Brigade, First 
Division, Sixth Corps, and forward record for examination. 

A. LINCOLN. 
Major Ectert: 

Please send above dispatch JNO. G. NICOLAY. 

1 Tarbell (Appendix), p. 412. No reply has been found. Samuel Tyler, sen- 
tenced for desertion, was transferred to Company C, Fifteenth New Jersey Vol- 
unteers and served until mustered out with the company on September 23, 
1864. His pardon was announced in AGO Special Orders No. 68, February 11, 
1864. 

Recommendation for Henry R. Green 1 

Washington Jan 25. 1864 

This is to show that Henry R. Greene Esq of Illinois is an upright, 
honorable and worthy man. I have known him and his family for 
many years. 

[150] 



JANUARY 2 6 9 1864 

Mr Greene goes to New Orleans intending to establish himself 
in some business there. For several years before the commence- 
ment of the Rebellion, he spent his winters there and is acquainted 
with the customs of the South. 

I hope the various commanders, agents and employees of the 
Government will extend to Mr Greene such aid and facilities as 
are 2 proper and consistent with the interests of the service. 

A. LINCOLN 

1 DS-P, ISLA. Henry R. Green was a resident of Delavan, Illinois. 

2 "Is" corrected to "are" by Lincoln. 



To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Major General Butler Executive Mansion, 

Fort-Monroe Washington, Jan. 26. 1864. 

Some days ago a despatch was sent to stay execution of James 
C. Gratton, & perhaps some others, which has not been answered. 
Please answer. A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. No reply has been discovered. See Lincoln to Butler, January 
21, supra. 

Memorandum 1 

I find this bundle of somewhat old papers upon my table, & can 
not remember for what object they were left. Please file them. 
Jan. 26. 1864 A. LINCOLN 

1 ADS, owned by Robert R. Spaulding, Providence, Rhode Island. The bundle 
of papers has not been identified. 

Order Approving Trade Regulations 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Washington, January 26, 1864. 

I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, having seen 
and considered the Additional Regulations of Trade prescribed by 
the Secretary of the Treasury, and numbered LI, LII, LIII, LIV, 
LV, and LVI, do hereby approve the same; and I further declare 
and order that all property brought in for sale in good faith, and 
actually sold in pursuance of said Regulations LII, LIII, LIV, LV, 
and LVI, after the same shall have taken effect and come in force 
as provided in Regulation LVI, shall be exempt from confiscation 
or forfeiture to the United States. ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 

[151] 



JANUARY 26, 864 

1 Additional Regulations Concerning Commercial Intercourse ivith and in 
States Declared in Insurrection, January 26, 1864. The Treasury regulations 
referred to are printed in the same pamphlet. See Lincoln to Chase January 
25, supra, and January 28, infra; also the orders of February 2 and May 20, 
1864, infra. 

To John Sedgwick 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
Major-General Sedgwick: January 26, 1864. 

Your letter of January 22, received. Svispend execution of sen- 
tence in all the capital cases mentioned in General Orders No. i 
and 2, where it has not already been done. I recapitulate the whole 
list of capital cases mentioned in said orders including those cases 
in which execution has been heretofore, as well as those on which 
it is now suspended. 

Private John Wilson, Company D, Seventy-first Pennsylvania; 
Private James Lane, Company B, Seventy-first New York; Private 
Joseph W. Clifton, Company F, Sixth New Jersey; Private Ira 
Smith, Company I, Eleventh New Jersey; Private Allen G. Max- 
son, Company D, First Michigan; Private John Keatly, Company 
I, Second Delaware; Private Daniel P Byrnes, Company A, 
Ninety-eighth Pennsylvania; Private Samuel Tyler, Company G, 
Third New Jersey; Private Robert Gill, Company D, Sixth New- 
York Cavalry. 

Forward the records in these cases for examination. 

A. LiisrcouNr. 
Major Eckert: 

Please send above dispatch. JNO. G. NICOLAY. 

1 Tarbell (Appendix), pp. 412-13. General Sedgwick wrote on January 22: 

"Enclosed I have the honor to transmit copies of General Court Martial Or- 
ders Nos. i & 2 current series from these Head Quarters. 

"The execution of the sentence in all the capital cases mentioned in Gen- 
eral Orders No. i, except that of Private Ira Smith, nth New Jersey, has 
been suspended by your order and the records in the cases forwarded for your 
action. 

"The orders will be carried out in the cases of Private Smith and those men 
mentioned in General Orders No 2 unless you interpose." (DLC-RTL). 

To Edward Bates 1 

Attorney General please make out a pardon in this case. 

Jan. 27. 1864 A. LINCOLN 

1 AES, CSmH. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter from Represent- 
ative Austin A. King, January 27, 1864, asking pardon for John B. Corner of 
Ray County, Missouri, indicted for conspiracy against the government. 

[152] 



To Edward Bates 1 

January 27, 1864 

This is a good recommendation for a territorial Judgeship, em- 
bracing both sides in Missouri & many other respectable gentle- 
men. A. LINCOLN 
Jan. 27, 1864 

1 AES-P, ISLA. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter from Austin A. 
King and others, January 5, 1864, recommending Judge Solomon P. McCurdy 
of Missouri. McCurdy's appointment as associate justice for Utah Territory was 
confirmed by the Senate on April 21, 1864. 

To John G. Foster 1 

Majr. Gen. Foster Washington, B.C., 

Knoxville, Tenn. January 27 1864 

Is a supposed correspondence between Gen. Longstreet and 
yourself, about the amnesty proclamation, which is now in the 
newspapers, genuine? A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. General Foster had sent copies of his correspondence with 
Longstreet to Halleck and Grant on January 26, and replied to Lincoln's tele- 
gram on January 30, 1864: "Telegram of twenty seventh (27th) received. I 
have had a correspondence with Genl Longstreet upon the subject of the 
amnesty proclamation, but cannot say whether the newspapers have the cor- 
rect version as I have not seen them. Copies of the letters are on their way to 
Washington." (DLC-RTL). 

The letters as printed in the New York Tribune for January 25, 1864, were 
substantially correct. The text from the Tribune as given below corresponds 
with that of the Official Records (III, IV, 50-51) except for the variants given 
in brackets. In addition to the two letters as given by the Tribune, Longstreet's 
further letter of January 11 and Foster's reply of January 17 appear in the 
Official Records, but since they add little to the facts of the story or the humor 
of the situation they are not reproduced. 

COPY OF LETTER RECEIVED PROM LIEUT-GEN". J. LONGSTREET, 

AT HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE OHIO, AND 

REPLY OF MAJ. GEN. J. G. FOSTER, COMMANDING 

DEPARTMENT OF THE OHIO, KNOXVILLE, TENN. 

Headquarters Confederate Forces, East Tenn., 
To the Commanding General U.S. Forces, East Tenn. Jan. 3, 1864. 

Sir: I find the Proclamation of President Lincoln of the 8th of December 
last, in circulation in handbills among our soldiers. The immediate object of 
this circulation appears to be to induce our soldiers to quit our ranks and to 
take the oath of allegiance to the United States Government. I presume, how- 
ever, that the great object and end in view is to hasten the day of peace. 

I respectfully suggest, for your consideration, the propriety of communicat- 
ing any views that your Government may have upon this subject through me, 
rather than by handbills circulated among our soldiers. The few men who 
may desert under the promise held out in the Proclamation can not be men of 
character or standing. If they desert their cause they degrade [disgrace] them- 
selves in the eyes of God and of man. They can do your cause no good, nor 
can they injure ours. 

[153] 



JANUARY 27, 1864 

As a great nation, you can accept none but an honorable peace; as a noble 
people, you could have us accept nothing less. I submit, therefore, whether the 
mode that I suggest would not be more likely to lead to an honorable end than 
such a circulation of a partial promise of freedom [pardon], 

I am, Sir, very respectfully, your most obedient servant, 

J. LONGSTREET, Lieut-Gen. Commanding 

REPLY OF MAJ-QEN. JNO. G. FOSTER, COMMANDING 
DEPARTMENT OF THE OHIO. 

Headquarters Department of the Ohio, 

Knoxville, E.T., 

Lieut.-Gen. Commanding Forces in East Tennessee: Jan. 7, 1864. 

Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter dated Jan. 3, 
1864: you are correct in the supposition that the great object in view in the 
circulation of the President's Proclamation, is to induce those now in Rebellion 
against the Government, to lay aside their arms, and return to their allegiance 
as citizens of the United States, thus securing the re-union of States now 
arrayed in hostility against one another and restoration of peace. The imme- 
diate effect of the circulation may be to cause many men to leave your ranks, 
to return home, or come within our lines, and, in view of this latter course, it 
has been thought proper to issue an order announcing the favorable terms 
on which deserters will be received. 

I accept, however, your suggestion that it would have been more courteous 
to have sent these documents to you for circulation, and I embrace with pleas- 
ure the opportunity thus afforded to enclose to you twenty (20) copies of each 
of these documents and rely upon your generosity and desire for pence, to give 
publicity to the same among your officers and men. 

I have the honor to be, General, Very Respectfully, 

J. G. FOSTER, Maj.-Gen. Commanding 

Memorandum : 
Appointment of Edward L. Wooden 1 

West-Point 

Edward L, Wooden, of Conn 18 in Augt. 1863, is 5. feet 10. and 
has served 9 months in the War upon the Mississippi. 

Jan. 27. 1864 A. LINCOLN 

i AES, DNA WR RG 94, U.S. Military Academy, 1864, No. 196. Lincoln's 
endorsement is written on a letter of Edward L. Wooden to Stanton, January 
22, 1864, applying for appointment to West Point and setting forth that he 
iaad served from September 2, 1862, to August 30, 1863, in the Twenty-third 
Connecticut Volunteers. No appointment is of record. 

To Frederick Steele 1 

_- . Executive Mansion, Washington, 

Major General Steele: January 27, 1864, 

I have addressed a letter to you, and put it in the hands of Mr. 
Gantt and other Arkansas gentlemen, containing a programme for 
an election in that State. This letter will be handed you by som'e 

[154] 



JANUARY 28, 1864 

of these gentlemen. Since writing, it I see that a convention in 
Arkansas, having the same general object, has taken some action, 
which I am afraid may clash somewhat with my programme. I 
therefore can do no better than to ask you to see Mr. Gantt imme- 
diately on his return, and with him, do what you and he may 
deem necessary to harmonize the two plans into one, and then 
put it through with all possible vigor. Be sure to retain the free 
State constitutional provision in some unquestionable form, and 
you and he can fix the rest. The points I have made in the pro- 
gramme have been well considered. Take hold with an honest 
heart and a strong hand. Do not let any questionable man control 
or influence you. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

iALS, owned by William W. Steele, Pescadero, California. See Lincoln's 
letter to Steele, January 20, supra, which was carried by Edward W. Gantt. 
Isaac Murphy, chosen provisional governor of Arkansas by convention in 
January, 1864, was elected by popular vote in March and inaugurated on 
April 18, 1864. See further Lincoln to Steele, January 30, infra. 

To George L. Andrews 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, January 28, 1864. 
To the Commanding Officer at Fort Preble, Portland, Me.: 

Suspend the execution of death sentence of Charles Caple, until 
further orders, and forward record for examination. 

A. LINCOLN. 
Major Eckert: 

Please send above dispatch. I infer from the letter on which the 
reprieve is granted that Fort Preble is in Maine, but do not cer- 
tainly know. Please inquire of Colonel Hardee. As the execution 
was set for to-morrow, it is important that the dispatch should go 
at once. Jisro. G. NICOLAY, 

Private Secretary. 

1 Tarbell (Appendix), p. 413. Major George L. Andrews replied on the same 
day: "Charles G. Capell was enlisted at this post June i, 1863, he was born in 
England aged 22 years, occupation Laborer. June 6, 1863 he was assigned to 
Company *C' ad Battalion i/th Infy. U.S.A. and bore a good character until 
Aug. 12. 1863 at which time he was 'absent without leave' Aug 15, 1863, 
having been absent three days he was reported a deserter. Nothing more was 
known of him until Nov 15. 1863 when notice was received of his arrest as a 
deserter and Nov. 30, 1863 he was delivered at this post. About the ist. of 
Jany., inst. by the connivance of his guard he escaped from confinement, but 
a few days after was arrested at Camp Perry (by a Sergt. Geo. F. Adams from 
this command, who was sent in search of him) having enlisted and received 
the bounty in one of the Maine Cavalry Regts. about leaving for the field. No 
information as regards his trial or sentence, has ever been received at this post 
until your telegram of this date; and he has been held as awaiting trial." 
(DLC-RTL). 

[155] 



To Edward Bates 1 

Attorney General please make out pardons in these cases. 
Jan. 28. 1864 A - 

1AES RPB. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter of James E. 
Wright and G. T. Blakey, Russellville, Kentucky, to Representative Henry 
Grider, January 20, 1864, asking his influence to obtain pardons for William 
M. Clark and James McCallen, indicted for treason. 

To Salmon P. Chase 1 

Executive Mansion, January 28, 1864. 

My dear Sir: Herewith I return this proof-sheet of the new 
rules. I suggest two points, but do not urge them. First, that as the 
trust and emoluments of the agents are to be increased, should 
not their bonds be increased? 2 Secondly, might it not be well to fix 
a maximum, as is sometimes done in acts of Congress, beyond 
which the one per cent, compensation shall not go in a year? 3 

If the increase of business should necessitate the appointment of 
an additional agent, I would be glad for Charles K. Hawkes to be 
appointed. He is one of the three so favorably mentioned by the 
treasury and other officers at New Orleans, in the letter I read in 
your hearing twice or thrice, I believe. 4 I have some reason to be- 
lieve it would please General Banks, though he has not said so, 
that I have heard. I have heard that he and General Banks are old 
acquaintances and friends. Yours truly, A. LINCOLN. 

1 NH, IX, 298. See the Orders of January 26, supra, and February 2, infra. 

2 Chase replied on the same day, "I have prepared the amendments sug- 
gested by you. . . ." (DLC-RTL). Regulation LIII as revised set the amount 
of bond required of supervising special agents and assistant special agents at 
$50,000. 

8 Regulation LIII as revised provided that the "aggregate compensation of 
no Supervising Special Agent or Assistant Special Agent shall exceed the sum 
of five thousand dollars per annum, or at that rate for a less period." 

4 See note to Lincoln's letter to Wright and Hawkes, January 7, supra. No 
record of Hawkes' appointment has been discovered. 



To Salmon E Chase 1 

January 28, 1864 

This boy says he knows Secretary Chase, and would like to have 
the place made vacant by William Johnson's death. I believe he 
is a good boy and I should be glad for him to have the place if it 
is still vacant. A . LINCOLN 

Jan. 28, 1864 

[156] 



JANUARY 28, 1864 

iADS, DNA WR RG 56, Treasury Department, Personnel Records. The 
Negro boy was Solomon James Johnson (see John E. Washington, They Knew 
Lincoln, pp. 135-41). See also Lincoln's note to Chase concerning a promotion 
for Solomon J. Johnson, March 15, 1865. In addition to working as messenger 
for the Treasury Department, William H. Johnson had been Lincoln's personal 
barber and valet. 



To Commanding Officer at Fort Mifflin 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
Commanding Officer, Fort Mifflin: January 28, 1864. 

Suspend execution of death sentence of Bernard Develin, Com- 
pany E, Eighty-first Pennsylvania Volunteers, until further orders, 
and forward record for examination. A. LINCOLN. 

Major Eckert: 

Please send above dispatch. JJNTO. G. NICOLAY, 

Private Secretary. 

1 Tarbell (Appendix), p. 413. No reply has been discovered. AGO Special 
Orders No. 41, January 27, 1864, directed that the original order for Develin's 
execution on February 5, 1864, issued by the Department of the Susquehanna 
(General Orders No. 25, December 22, 1863) "will be executed under the 
orders of the Commanding General of the Army of the Potomac." No further 
record has been found. The roster of Company E lists Bernard Develin as 
absent by court-martial at muster-out on June 29, 1865. 



To John W. Forney 1 

Will see the gentlemen at 7. P.M. this evening. A. LINCOLN 
Jan. 28. 1864 

1 AES, RPB. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter from John W. 
Forney, January 28, 1864, asking for an interview on the part of Simon Cam- 
eron, Henry C. Johnson, Speaker of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, 
and himself. 



To Henry W. Halleck 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
Maj Genl Halleck. Jany 28th. 1864. 

Some citizens of Missouri vicinity of Kansas City are appre- 
hensive that there is special danger of renewed troubles in that 
neighbourhood and thence on the route toward New-Mexico. I am 
not impressed that the danger is very great or imminent, but I 
will thank you to give Genls Rosecrans and Curtis respectively 

[157] 



JANUARY 28, 1864 

such orders as may turn their attention thereto and prevent as far 
as possible the apprehended disturbances. Yours truly, 

A. LiisrcoLiNr. 

3-Copy DNA WR RG 108, Headquarters of the Army, Letters Received, 
Document File 1864, iSs/L. General Samuel R. Curtis had boon assigned to 
command the Department of Kansas on January i, 1864, and General William 
S. Rosecrans had been assigned to command the Department of the Missouri 
on January 22. On January 29, Halleck sent the following despatch to each: 
"Some citizens of Missouri having represented to the President that there is 
special danger of renewed troubles in the neighborhood of Kansas City and 
on the route toward New Mexico, he directs that your attention be called to 
the matter, so that, if necessary, measures may be taken to prevent the ap- 
prehended disturbance." (OR, I, XXXIV, II, 184). 



To Edward Stanly 1 

Hon. Edward Stanley Executive Mansion, Washington, 

San Francisco. Cal. January 28, 1864. 

Yours of yesterday received. We have rumors similar to the 
despatch received by you, but nothing very definite from North 
Carolina. Knowing Mr. Stanley to be an able man, and not doubt- 
ing that he is a patriot, I should be glad for him to be \vith his 
old acquaintances South of Virginia, but I am unable to suggest 
anything definite upon the subject. A. Liisrcomsr 

1 ALS, RPB. Edward Stanly, who resigned as military governor of North 
Carolina on January 15, 1863, and moved to San Francisco, telegraphorl Lin- 
coln on January 27, 1864: "I reed, the following message from a loyal, well 
informed man. *Newburn igth. and New York 25th. Jany. Important move- 
ments on foot in interior. Your friends want you to come here. C. B. Dabblee.' 
When the Country needs my service not as Governor, I am ready to come.*' 
(DLC-RTL). 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War. Executive Mansion, 

Sir Washington, Jan. 28. 1864. 

Col. Thomas C. Devin represents that Robert Gill, now of Co. 
D. 6th. N.Y. Cavalry, of which he Col. D. is the Colonel, is under 
sentence of death for desertion & that since his desertion, he has 
fought at Gettysburg and in several other battles, & has otherwise 
behaved well; and he asks that said Gill may be pardoned and 
sent to his Regiment. Let it be done. Yours truly A. 



owned by Charles W. Olsen, Chicago, Illinois. Concerning Robert 
Coll, see Lincoln to Meade, January 25, 1864. AGO Special Orders No 43 
January 28, 1864, announced Gill's pardon. 

[158] 



To George S. Boutwell 1 

Hon. George S. Boutwell Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, January 29, 1864. 

Please call and see me this morning, and as soon after receiv- 
ing this as convenient. Yours truly A. 



1 ALS, IHi. No clue has been found as to Lincoln's business with Representa- 
tive Boutwell. 



To Henry W. Halleck 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
Major General Halleck, January 29, 1864. 

The New Mexico people here understand that Gen. Joseph R. 
West, has asked to be relieved of his command in that part of the 
country; and they say they are for his being relieved. Let it be 
done unless you know some reason to the contrary. Yours truly, 

A. LINCOLN. 

1 Thomas F. Madigan, A Catalogue of Lincolniana (1929), p. 28. AGO 
Special Orders No. 49, February i, 1864, relieved Joseph R. West from duty 
in the Department of New Mexico and directed him to report for duty in the 
Department of Arkansas. 

Memorandum : 
Appointment of Henry O. Ryerson 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, Jan. 29, 1864. 
This morning I am impressed with the belief that the appointment 
of Col. Henry O. Ryerson of loth. New-Jersey, as a Brig. Genl. 
would be, perhaps the best that can be made for the State. He has 
been in the war almost or quite from the beginning; and has been 
severely wounded, having been in nearly all the battles of the A.P. 

A. LINCOLN 

iADS, IHi. No appointment is of record. Ryerson died on May 12, 1864, 
of wounds received in the Battle of the Wilderness on May 6. 

To John Sedgwick 1 

Major General Sedgwick Executive Mansion 

Army of Potomac Washington D.C. Jan. 29. 1864 

Suspend execution of George Sowers, Co. E. 4th. Ohio Vols. & 
send record. A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, IHi. No reply has been found. 

[159] 



To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States: January 29, 1864 

I transmit herewith a report from the Secretary of State, in an- 
swer to the resolution of the Senate, respecting the correspondence 
with the authorities of Great Britain, in relation to the proposed 
pursuit of hostile bands of the Sioux Indians into the Hudson Bay 
Territories ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 

Washington, 29th. Jany. 1864. 

i DS, DNA RG 46, Senate s8A FS. The enclosures are printed in Thirty- 
eighth Congress, First Session, Senate Executive Document No. 13. After the 
uprising in Minnesota in 1862, the Sioux Indians fled to the Red River country 
in Canada. On January 21, 1864, Seward asked that U.S. troops be allowed 
to pursue them or that the British use U.S. troops to restrain them from raids 
across the border. Lord Lyons replied on January 22 that the request had been 
forwarded to London. 

To Daniel E. Sickles 1 

Major General Sickles Executive Mansion, 

New- York: Washington, January 29, 1864. 

Could you, without it's being inconvenient, or disagreeable to 
yourself, immediately take a trip to Arkansas for me? 

A. LINCOLN. 

1 ALS, RPB. General Sickles wrote Lincoln on January 27, 1 864,, that he 
could walk without crutches by use of an artificial leg and was anxious for 
duty (DLC-RTL). On January 29 he replied to Lincoln's telegram, * 4 Your 
telegram received this afternoon. I am ready to go at once. Shall I wait here 
for orders or proceed to Washington?" (Ibid.). On February 2, he wrote: 

"Since replying to your telegram in reference to Arkansas to the effect that 
I was ready to go I have waited here for orders presuming that if you wished 
me to report to you in person in Washington your wish would be made known 
... by telegram or letter. I write now lest there might be a different ex- 
pectation on your part. 

"Here I am making good use of my time in learning the use of my arti- 
ficial limb . . . and ... as soon as I am advised that I am fit for . . . duty 
will proceed to Washington. . . . 

"My first wish is to resume command of my Corps next to that, the com- 
mand of Washington but I shall be entirely satisfied to undertake any duty 
which you think I can be most useful to the Government, whether in the 
field, or at Washington, Arkansas or elsewhere." (Ibid.). 

See further, Lincoln to Sickles, February 10, infra. 

To Joseph Holt 1 

January 30, 1864 

In accordance with the recommendation of Major General 
Meade, the sentence of Capt. Jesse Armstrong, /th Indiana Volun- 
teers is commuted to forfeiture of one months pay proper. 
Jan. 30, 1864 A. LINCOLN 

[160] 



JANUARY 31, 1864 

1ES, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, MM 810. Lincoln's en- 
dorsement is written on the court-martial record of Jesse B. Armstrong, Com- 
pany K, Seventh Indiana Volunteers, dismissed for conduct prejudicial to good 
order and military discipline and conduct unbecoming an officer and gentle- 



To Joseph Holt 1 

January 30, 1864 

In consideration of the recommendation made by Major General 
Schofield and the long period of time this officer has already been 
under arrest, his sentence is hereby remitted. A. LIN-COLIST 

January 30, 1864 

1 ES, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, MM 905. Lincoln's en- 
dorsement is written on the court-martial record of Captain Samuel M. Logan, 
First Colored Cavalry, cashiered for violation of Fourteenth and Fifteenth 
Articles of War. 



To Frederick Steele 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
Major General Steele January 30. 1864. 

Since writing mine of the 27th. seeing still further accounts of 
the action of the convention in Arkansas, induces me to write you 
yet again. They seem to be doing so well, that possibly the best 
you can do would be to help them on their own plan but of this, 
you must confer with them, and be the judge. Of all things, avoid 
if possible, a dividing into cliques among the friends of the com- 
mon object. Be firm and resolute against such as you can perceive 
would make confusion and division. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, owned by William W. Steele, Pescadero, California; ADfS, DLC- 
RTL. See Lincoln to Steele, January 20 and 27, supra, 

To Nathaniel P Banks 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
Major General Banks January 31, 1864. 

Yours of the 2 and. Inst. is just received. In the proclamation of 
Dec. 8. and which contains the oath that you say some loyal peo- 
ple wish to avoid taking, I said: 

And 2 still further, that this proclamation is intended to present the 
people of the States wherein the national authority has been sus- 
pended, and loyal State governments have been subverted, a mode in 
and by which the national authority and loyal State governments 
may be re-established within said States, or in any of them; and, 

[161] 



JANUARY 31, 1864 

while the mode presented is the best the Executive can suggest, with 
his present impressions, it must not be understood that no other pos- 
sible mode would be acceptable. 

And speaking of this in the Message, I said: 

Saying 8 that reconstruction will be accepted if presented in a specified 
way, it is not said it will never be accepted in any other way. 

These things were put into these documents on ptirpose that some 
conformity to circumstances should be admissable; and when I 
have, more than once, said to you in my letters that available la- 
bor already done should not be thrown away, I had in my mind 
the very class of cases you now mention. So you see it is not even 
a modification of anything I have heretofore said when I tell you 
that you are at liberty to adopt any rule which shall admit to 
vote any unquestionably loyal free-state men and none others. 
And yet I do wish they would all take the oath. Yours truly, 

A. LINCOLN 

*ALS, IHi; ADfS, DLC-RTL. On January 22, Banks wrote Lincoln: 
"It gives me great pleasure to report the progress making in the state elec- 
tion. All parties participate in the selection of candidates, and a very handsome 
vote will be given. Not a word is heard from any one in favor of a restoration 
of slavery, and no objection is made to the free state basis upon which the 
election is based. The indications are very strong that Mr. Hnhn will be 
elected governor. By the middle of April, you will receive a full delegation 
in both houses of Congress, composed not only of loyal men hut earnest sup- 
porters of your administration. This will be accomplished in ninety days from 
the receipt of your letter embracing your instructions for a free state organ- 
ization in the shortest possible time, and it will give in its results I am sure 
satisfaction to the People. Officers selected will be from the established resi- 
dents of the state. The only part I take in the affair is to discourage nomina- 
tions from the army of which none will be attempted. 

''The only ground of hesitation on the part of the most conservative men 
is in regard to the oath required which is that of your proclamation of the 
8th. December. Prominent Union men, who have never sympathized with or 
aided the rebellion directly or indirectly, . . . who support your administra- 
tion, . . . have taken the oath, and complied with the conditions of your proc- 
lamation . . ^say, that having been established in their rights as citizens, and 
voted in election of members of congress they ought not to be compelled to 
take an additional oath in order to vote at this election. The exception taken 
refers ... to the clauses referring to the laws of congress &c. relating to 
slavery and the confiscation of property. There is perhaps a professional in- 
terest in the case. Some of the most prominent and steadfast are lawyers of 
high standing. They have discussed the statutes of confiscation in the District 
court here and expect to argue their causes in Washington. They interpret 
the oath so as to forbid this exercise of their professional privileges. ... It 
has seemed to me that the oath prescribed in the late proclamation was in- 
tended to apply to states in which no elections have been held, and that if it 
were so construed as to allow loyal men to vote who had qualified under the 
conditions of the Proclamation of no harm could be done. It 

would not change the results of the election, but affect only the aggregate of 
votes. . . . 

[162] 



FEBRUART 1, 1864 

"You will have heard of some objections to the speedy organization of the 
state which I have proposed. It proceeds . . . from those who did not desire 
an immediate restoration of the state . . . but the mass of the people are en- 
tirely satisfied. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 

2 In the ALS this passage is a printed clipping pasted on the letter. 

3 Ditto. 



To Thomas E. Bramlette 1 

Governor Bramlette Executive Mansion. 

Frankfort, Ky. Washington, D.C. Jan. 31. 1864 

Gen. Boyles resignation is accepted, so that your Excellency can 
give him the appointment proposed. A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. See Lincoln to Stanton, January 11, supra. On January 30, 
Governor Bramlette telegraphed Lincoln: "Has Brig Genl Boyles resignation 
been accepted. If so I wish to give him an appointment. Answer." (DLC-RTL) . 
Boyle's resignation took effect on January 26. Afterwards he helped organize 
the Louisville City Railroad and became president of the company. 



To John A. Dix 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
Major-General Dix, New York: February i, 1864. 

Suspend execution of death sentence of Frank W. Parker, of one 
of the Maine regiments, sentenced to be shot for desertion on the 
5th instant, and forward record for examination. A. LINCOLN. 

Major Eckert: 

Please send above dispatch. JNO. G. NICOLAY, 

Private Secretary. 

i Tarbell (Appendix), p. 414. No reply has been found. Lincoln returned 
the record in the case to Judge Advocate General Holt on April 16, 1864, 
under the order of February 26, infra (DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate 
General, NN 802). 



To Caleb Lyon 1 

Hon. Caleb Lyon Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, February i, 1864 

Gov. Wallace of Idaho is very anxious for a different man to be 
appointed Gov. of that Territory. I told him my promise to you 
was absolute, but if he could persuade you out of it, all right, but 
that I should keep my word with you. See the Governor, and then 
call and see me. Yours truly A. 

[163] 



FEBRUARY 1, 1864 

1ALS THaroL No reply has been found, but ex-congressman Lyon was 
appointed to succeed William H. Wallace. See Lincoln to Seward, February 2, 
infra. 

Order for Draft of 500,000 Men 1 

Executive Mansion 
Ordered: February ist. 1864. 

That a draft for five hundred thousand men to serve for three 
years or during the war, be made on the tenth day of March next, 
for the military service of the United States, crediting and dedxict- 
ing therefrom, so many as may have been enlisted or drafted into 
the service prior to the first day of March, and not heretofore 
credited. ABRAHAM: 



* DS, owned by Harry MacNeill Bland, New York City. The original order- 
is in the hand of a clerk with emendations by Stanton and signed by Lincoln. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Executive Mansion, February i, 1864. 

Sir: You are directed to have a transport (either a steam or sail- 
ing vessel as may be deemed proper by the Quartermaster-Gen- 
eral) sent to the colored colony established by the United States at 
the island of Vache, on the coast of San Domingo, to bring back to 
this country such of the colonists there as desire to return. You 
will have the transport furnished with suitable supplies for that 
purpose, and detail an officer of the Quartermaster's Department 
who, tinder special instructions to be given, shall have charge of 
the business. The colonists will be brought to Washington, xxnless 
otherwise hereafter directed, and be employed and provided for 
at the camps for colored persons around that city. Those only 
will be brought from the island who desire to return, and their 
effects will be brought with them. ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 

1 OR > m > IV, 75. This order was enclosed by Stanton to Meigs on February 
3, 1864. On February 4, Meigs reported to Stanton: 

"The ship Maria L. Day has been chartered in the port of New York. She 
is being fitted, victualed, and watered as for a voyage to Aspinwall by the 
Windward Passage, to bring to Boston 500 troops. 

"I have directed Major Van Vliet, quartermaster at New York, to hold the 
ship ready to take on board the officer who may be designated to go in her, 
and to obey his orders to stop at any other port than Aspinwall, and to pro- 
ceed in any direction he may order. 

"I respectfully name Edward L. Hartz, assistant quartermaster, U.S. Army, 
as^the officer to receive the special instructions. . . . 

"I propose to order Captain Hartz to proceed at once to New York to re- 
port to Major Van Vliet and receive from him the charge of the ship. . 

[164] 



FEBRUARY 2, 864 

"I respectfully suggest the propriety of ordering an assistant surgeon and a 
guard of a subaltern and twenty men and non-commissioned officers of the 
Invalid Corps to proceed on the ship. . . ." (Ibid., p. 76). 

Concerning the colonization of Isle A'Vache see Lincoln to Seward, January 
6, 1863, and the proclamation of April 16, 1863, supra. 

To Kamehameha V 1 

To His Majesty Kamehameha, V, February 2, 1864 

King of the Hawaiian Islands. 

Great and Good Friend: I have read -with feelings of profound 
sorrow your Majesty's letter of the 5th. December last announc- 
ing the death on the soth. of the preceding month, of His Majesty, 
your Brother, Kamehameha IV, and conveying also the pleasing 
intelligence of your Majesty's constitutional succession to the 
Throne of the Hawaiian Kingdom. 

Your Majesty's anticipations of sympathy from me in the double 
bereavement which you have experienced in the decease of your 
Sovereign and Brother are fully realized. Not only I, but the whole 
American People are deeply moved by the intelligence of the 
event with which God in His infinite wisdom has afflicted your 
Majesty and the Hawaiian nation; for whom this Government 
and people have ever entertained sentiments of almost paternal 
regard, as well as of sincere friendship and unchanging interest. 

It is gratifying to know that His Majesty's place on the Throne 
and in the hearts of the Hawaiian people is occupied by one who 
was allied to him by the closest ties of blood, and by a long partic- 
ipation in the affairs of the Kingdom. These influences, controlled 
by the Supreme Ruler of the Universe whose guidance your Maj- 
esty invokes, and by those aspirations which your Majesty cher- 
ishes for the good of your subjects, cannot fail to assure the well- 
being and prosperity of the Hawaiian Kingdom. 

Your Majesty may ever firmly rely upon my sincere sympathy 
and cordial support and upon the abiding friendship of the people 
of the United States in the execution of the lofty mission entrusted 
to you by Providence. 

Commending your Majesty, and the bereaved Widow and Peo- 
ple of the late King to the Fatherly protection and comfort of the 
Almighty, I remain Your Majesty's Good Friend, 

By the President: ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 

WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State. 

Washington, February 2d. 1864. 

1 Copy, DNA FS RG 59, Communications to Foreign Sovereigns and States, 
III, 211-12. 

[165] 



Order Approving Regulations of Trade 1 

Executive Mansion 
Washington, February 2, 1864. 

I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, having seen 
and considered the Additional Regulation of Trade prescribed by 
the Secretary of the Treasury, and numberd LVII, do hereby ap- 
prove the same. ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 

l Additional Regulations Concerning Commercial Intercourse with and in 
States Declared in Insurrection, January 26, 1864. Additional Regulation LVII 
modified the Twenty-sixth Regulation established on September 11, 1863, in 
so far as to annul restrictions on trade in the State of West Virginia within 
the Union lines, with the exception that no products could be shipped into 
any state in insurrection. See Lincoln's orders of January 26, supra, and May 
20, infra. 

To William H. Seward 1 

Hon. Sec. of State, Executive Mansion, 

Dear Sir: Washington, Feb. 2, 1864. 

Please send me a nomination for Hon. Caleb Lyon, as Governor 
of Idaho Territory. Yours truly, A. LiisrcoLisr. 

1 Thomas F. Madigan, A Catalogue of Lincolniana (1929), p. 28, See Lin- 
coln to Lyon, February i, supra. Lyon's nomination went to the Senate on 
February 2, and was confirmed on February 26, 1864. See Lincoln to Roscoe 
Conkling, February 19, infra. 

To Charles A. Dana 1 

[Febrxiary 3, 1864] 

Will Mr. Dana please see and hear this man and do the best for 
him he can? A. LINCOLN 

1 AES, DNA WR RG 107, Secretary of War, Personnel Appointments, Box 
29. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter from Francis S. Macnamara, 
Washington, D.C., February 3, 1864, reminding the president of a promise 
made at Judiciary Square Hospital after the Seven Days Battle, to give him 
an appointment. F. G. McNamara, listed in the U.S. Official Register, 1865, as 
a clerk in the pay department, may or may not be the same man. 

Endorsement 1 

Upon the refunding all bounties and other expenses, let this boy 
be discharged. A. LINCOLN 

Feb. 3. 1864 

1AES, owned by Mrs. Ethel M. Nauman, Baltimore, Maryland. The en- 
dorsement has been removed from attendant papers and cannot be further 
identified. 

[166] 



To Joseph Holt 1 

Executive Mansion Washington, 

Judge Advocate General Feb. 3. 1864 

Please obtain the record, examine & report upon it, in the case 

of Yocum, mentioned in the accompanying letter. Yours 

truly A. LINCOLN 

1ALS, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, MM 1217. William 
Yocum, employee in charge of contrabands at Cairo, Illinois, had been sen- 
tenced to five years at hard labor for aiding in kidnapping employees of the 
U.S. See Lincoln's endorsements, January 22, supra, and February 16, infra. 

To William H. Seward 1 

Hon. Sec. of State Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, February 3, 1864. 

Please see Hon. Win. R. Morrison, and oblige him about the 
pass-ports for Mr. Merrick if you consistently can. Yours truly 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, IHi. Merrick has not been positively identified, but as a guess, Dem- 
ocratic Representative William R. Morrison may have sought passports for 
Democrat Richard T. Merrick of Chicago, who moved to Washington in 1864. 

To Richard Yates 1 

Gov. Yates Executive Mansion, 

Springfield, Ills. Washington, Feb. 3, 1864. 

The U.S. government lot in Springfield, can be used for a Sol- 
diers Home, with the understanding that the government does 
not incur any expence in the case. A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. Governor Yates telegraphed on January 28: "A Soldier's home 
is very much needed here & the San. Com. have donated two thousand dolls, 
for that purpose. Can the Commission have for that purpose the use of lot 
purchased of Maj. lies by the Govt. for Court house?" (DLC-RTL). 

The site of the present Federal Building at Sixth and Monroe Streets in 
Springfield was the lot in question. A frame building, with lounge and sleep- 
ing rooms for furloughed soldiers, was promptly erected after receipt of Lin- 
coln's telegram. See Lincoln to Woods, April 25, infra. 

To Edward Everett 1 

Executive Mansion, 
My dear Sir Washington, February 4, 1864. 

Yours of Jan. 3oth. was received four days ago; and since then 
the address mentioned has arrived. Thank you for it. I send here- 

[167] 



FEBRUARY 4, 1864 

with the manuscript of my remarks at Gettysburg, which, with 
my note to you of Nov. 2Oth. you are at liberty to use for the 
benefit of our soldiers as you have requested. Yours very truly 

Hon. Edward Everett. A. LINCOLN. 

i ALS, MHi; ADfS, DLC-RTL. Edward Everett wrote on January 30: 

"I shall have the honor of forwarding to you by Express ... a copy of the 
Authorized E'dition of my Gettysburg Address & of the Remarks made by your- 
self, & the other matters connected with the Ceremonial of the Dedication of 
the 'Cemetery. It appeared, owing to unavoidable delays, only yesterday. 

"I have promised to give the Manuscript of my address to Mrs. Governor 
[Hamilton] Fish of New-York, who is at the head of the Ladies' Committee 
of the Metropolitan fair. It would add very greatly to its value, if I could 
bind up with it the manuscript of your dedicatory Remarks, if you happen 
to have preserved them. 

"I would further venture to request, that you would allow me also to bind 
up in the volume the very obliging letter of the 20 Nov. '63, which you did 
me the favor to write to me .... as its insertion would greatly enhance the 
value of the volume. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 

The manuscript of Lincoln's letter of November 20 was not bound up with 
the manuscripts of the two addresses as proposed, but is in the Everett Papers 
at the Massachusetts Historical Society. The manuscript address which Lin- 
coln enclosed on February 4, known as "the Everett Copy," was probably pre- 
pared in November, 1863, shortly after the ceremony. See the notes to the 
Gettysburg Address, November 19, 1863, supra. 

To Joseph Holt 1 

If the Judge Advocate General has made report as within in- 
dicated, please send me the report and record. A. LINCOLN 
Feb. 4. 1864. 

1 AES, OFH. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter from Richard M. 
Corwine, February 4, 1864, asking the president to review the case of E. A. 
Smith, convicted of fraud against the government. See Lincoln to Eastman, 
November 24, 1863, supra, and to Corwine, March 30, infra. 

To the Senate 1 

To the Senate: February 4, 1864 

In compliance with the Resolution of the Senate of the 26th 
ultimo, requesting "a copy of all the correspondence between the 
authorities of the United States and the Rebel authorities on the 
exchange of prisoners, and the different propositions connected 
with that subject," I transmit herewith a report from the Secre- 
tary of War, and the papers with which it is accompanied. 

Washington, ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

February 4, 1864. 

IDS, DNA RG 46, Senate 38 A F2. Stanton's report of February 4 with en- 
closures is printed in Thirty-eighth Congress, First Session, Senate Executive 
Document No. 17. 

[168] 



To Green Adams 1 

February 5, 1864 

You see the ladys name is not given in this letter. Judge Adams, 
may, in his discretion, send the enclosed card blank to be filled 
by who can. A. LINCOLN 

Feb. 5, 1864 

1 AES, owned by John S. Adams, Sr., Wayne, Pennsylvania. Lincoln's en- 
dorsement is written on a letter of Hiram Shaw, Jr., Lexington, Kentucky, to 
Green Adams, January 27, 1864, asking a pass for his sister in Macon, Georgia, 
"allowing her to come, with her two small children" A note, not by Lincoln, 
Shaw, or Adams, is written on the top of the letter: "Sent pass in letter Feb. 
6. 1864," 

To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States. February 5, 1864 

In answer to the Resolution of the Senate of yesterday on the 
subject of a Reciprocity Treaty with the Sandwich Islands, I trans- 
mit a Report from the Secretary of State, to whom the Resolution 
was referred. ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 

Washington, 5 February 1864. 

* DS, DNA RG 46, Senate s8A FS. Seward's report of February 5 indicated 
that "application has been made for a revival of a similar treaty which was 
negotiated here during the administration of President Pierce, but which was 
not approved by the Senate. After due consideration, however, especially in 
connexion with the probable effect of such a measure on the public revenue 
at this juncture, it has not been deemed advisable further to entertain the 
subject. It is not deemed expedient at present to communicate the correspond- 
ence called for by the resolution. . . ." (Thirty-eighth Congress, First Session, 
Senate Executive Document No. 16). 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

February 5, 1864 

Submitted to the Sec. of War. On principle I dislike an oath which 
requires a man to swear he has not done wrong. It rejects the 
Christian principle of forgiveness on terms of repentance. I think 
it is enough if the man does no wrong hereafter. A. LINCOLIST 
Feb. 5. 1864 

1 AES, DLC-RTL. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter of Colonel 
Richard M. Edwards, Fourth Tennessee Cavalry, to Stanton, January 29, 1864, 
as follows: 

"Sir: Under authority of Gov Johnson of Tennessee I have raised a Regi- 
ment of cavalry known as the 4th East Tennessee cavalry. I began the organ- 
ization of the Regiment at Cumberland Gap previous to receiving a copy of 
the newly prescribed oath of office requiring persons to swear that they have 
'not sought nor accepted nor attempted to exercise the functions of any office 
whatever under any authority or pretended authority in hostility to the 

[169] 



FEBRUARY 6, 1864 

United States.' As I had held the position of Representative in the state legis- 
lature of Tennessee after the so-called act of secession it has been seriously 
urged by some, that the terms of the oath were intended to debar all holding 
state offices in a seceded state as well as those holding confederate offices. Hence 
desiring to be mustered in as Colonel of my Regiment, I desire a settlement of 
the question as to rny eligibility to that position 

"About twenty other union men served in the same legislature with me who 
have maintained their positions as loyal men to the present time. Some of them 
in fact like myself are organizing Regiments for our service, and I suppose 
the same question will be presented in their behalf. The question is one of 
very great importance to a very large portion of the loyal men of Tennessee, 
reaching as it does from a constable or justice of a civil district to the Judge 
of the supreme court. The Union men of East Tennessee, held nearly all the 
state offices in that section, maintaining as we all do, that the state was not 
out of the Union; and that only a portion of her citizens were in hostility to 
the Government. Nearly all those officers were forced by the Rebel authorities 
to take an oath 'to support the confederate constitution, and the constitution of 
Tennessee,' a very extraordinary oath considering the constitution of Ten- 
nessee not changed according to its own provisions, which expressly provides 
that members of the legislature & other officers shall take an oath to support 
the constitution of the United States. The two clauses of their oath, being in- 
consistent were of course void. Further there was no law of Tennessee requir- 
ing such an oath we having succeeded in defeating that measure in the legis- 
lature. The oath then was not only void on account of inconsistent terms, and 
in direct conflict with the provisions of our own constitution of Tennessee, but 
also wanting legal sanction. Yet the so called confederate Government through 
their military control of the state, required all civil officers as well as military 
to take said oath; in default of which the offender was forced off to Tuscaloosa, 
there to lie and sicken and die as numbers from East Tennessee have done, in 
a prison, the loathsomeness of which was scarce equalled by the famous Black- 
hole of Calcutta. Having then held a state office, in a state not out of the 
Union (for if out the doctrine of secession must be true which we can not 
agree to) and having been forced under military power to take an illegal un- 
constitutional, void oath, am I as well as all other state officers of Tennessee 
disqualified for holding a Federal office? Having raised a good Regiment many 
of whom voted for me for the aforesaid office, & now desire me to lead them 
I only await a decision of the above question I am Very Respy." 

Charles A. Dana returned the letter to the president on February 19, 1864, 
with the following conimunication: 

"In regard to the case of R. M. Edwards Colonel of the 4th. Tennessee 
Cavalry whose letter, objecting to the oath of allegiance was by you submitted 
to the Secretary of War on the 5th instant. ... I am directed to say that 
the oath to which Colonel Edwards objects is verbally the same as that pre- 
scribed by Act of Congress approved July 2d 1862 to be taken by 'every per- 
son elected or appointed to any office of honor or profit under the government 
of the United States, either in the civil, military or naval departments of the 
public service excepting the President of the United States.'" (Ibid.). 

Final disposition of the problem has not been learned. 

To Nathaniel P. Banks 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
Majr. Gen. N. E Banks: February 6th, 1864. 

The bearer, Gen. G. A. Scroggs, of Buffalo, has been appointed 
colonel of a colored regiment, and is to report with it to you at 

[170] 



FEBRUARY 7, 864 

New Orleans. The object of moving in this matter is to have Col. 
Scroggs sent by you, with his regiment, to Texas, charged to col- 
lect and organize the colored men of that State, it being believed 
that such a nucleus as this regiment, and such an experienced or- 
ganizer of troops as Col. Scroggs has shown himself, will prove 
highly successful. I hope this purpose will meet with your ap- 
proval, and that, by such orders as your judgment will dictate, 
you will put Col. S. in the way of executing his mission. Yours 
truly, A. LINCOLN. 

1 George H. Stowits, History of the One Hundredth Regiment of New York 
Volunteers (1870), p. 385. Brigadier General Scroggs of the New York Militia 
and provost marshal of the Thirtieth District of New York, arrived in New 
Orleans on May 5, 1864, but upon the withdrawal of Union troops from Texas, 
resigned on July 6, 1864. 

To Henry D. Terry 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, February 6, 1864. 
Commanding Officer at Sandusky, Ohio: 

Suspend the execution of death sentence of George Samuel 
Goodrich, Jr., One hundred and twenty- second Regiment New 
York Volunteers, and forward record for examination. 

T*/T T^I i __^ A. LINCOLN. 

Ma)or Eckert: 

Send above dispatch. JNO. G. NICOLAY, 

Private Secretary. 

1 Tarbell (Appendix), p. 415. No reply or further reference has been dis- 
covered: Brigadier General Henry D. Terry assumed command of the post at 
Sandusky and Johnson's Island, Ohio, on January 14, 1864. 

Endorsement: Release of A. H. Gray 1 

Mr. Baxter of Vermont is very anxious to have the request granted 
at once. A. LINCOLN 

Feby 7, 1864 

1 Stan. V. Henkels Catalog 1373, May 19, 1925, No. 140. According to the 
catalog description Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter of A. H. Gray, 
a Union man impressed into service by the Confederates, asking for his re- 
lease from prison. No further reference has teen found. 

Endorsement: Request of C. T. Benton 1 

This is the Canada lady's case about which Mr. Baxter is so anx- 
ious as I told Sec. of War. A. LINCOLN 
Feb. 7. 1864 

[171] 



FEBRUARY 8, 1864 

i AES, owned by Harold L. Watt, Los Angeles, California. Lincoln's en- 
dorsement is written on a letter of C. T. Benton to Representative Portus 
Baxter of Vermont, Rock Island, Illinois, February 2, 1864. Benton s son, a 
rebel prisoner at Rock Island, had been in Kentucky at the outbreak of war 
and "was caught there and thinking it would be better to enter as a volunteer 
than as a conscript" had enlisted in the Confederate forces. No further refer- 
ence has been found. 

To George L. Andrews 1 

Executive Mansion, 

Commanding Officer, Portland, Me., Washington, 

care of Israel Washburne, Jr.: February 8, 1864. 

Suspend execution of death sentence of James Taylor until fur- 
ther orders, and forward record of trial for examination. 

A. LINCOLN. 
Major Eckert: 

Please send above dispatch. JNO. G. NICOLAY, 

Private Secretary. 

iTarbell (Appendix), p. 415. No reply from Colonel George L. Andrews, 
commanding officer at Portland, Maine, has been located, and James Taylor 
has not been positively identified. The death sentence of one James Taylor, for 
disloyalty and for being a spy, was commuted to imprisonment on recommend- 
ation of General Schofield on April 27, 1864 (DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advo- 
cate General MM 959), but the James Taylor referred to in Lincoln's tele- 
grams to Dix and Cabot, February 12, infra, was sentenced for desertion. See 
also Lincoln to Sedgwick, infra. 

To John D. Defrees 1 

Our own friends have this under consideration now, and will do 
as much without a Message as with it A. L. 

Feb. 8. 1864 

1 AES, owned by F. L. Pleadwell, Honolulu, Hawaii. Lincoln's endorsement 
is written on a letter from John D. Defrees, February 7, 1864: 

"The last Session of the s6th. Congress proposed to so amend the Constitu- 
tion of the U.S. as to prohibit any interference with slavery, (by the General 
Government) where it then existed. 

"It was disregarded, and the slave states resorted to war to separate from 
the free states. 

"Now, why not send a message to Congress recommending the passage of a 
joint resolution proposing an amendment to the Constitution forever prohibit- 
ing slavery in the States and territories? 

"It would be your measure and would be passed by a two thirds vote, and, 
eventually, three fourths of the states, through their Legislatures, would con- 
sent to it. 

"If not done very soon the proposition will be presented by the Democracy 
and claimed by them as their proposition. This may look strange to those who 
do not remember with what facility that party can change front. 

*^Is it not right in itself and the best way to end Slavery! 

*|It would have a beneficial influence on our election next fall. 

"Those who deny the justice of a second term to you are attempting to 

[172] 



FEBRUART 8, 1864 

weaken the faith of the people in your plan of reorganizing the state Govern- 
ments of the rebel states. They say, suppose a state does so change its consti- 
tution as to prohibit slavery, why may it not, in a few years, hereafter, change 
back again? 

"The proposed amendment would answer that cavil. 

"A single amendment, thus submitted to the Legislatures of the several 
states, would not open the whole constitution to amendment and no harm 
can come of it, even should it fail to receive the sanction of the constitutional 
number of states. 

"If done, it would be in accordance with the mode provided by the con- 
stitution itself for its amendment to which no one could reasonably object. 

"Many reasons could be given in its favor but I only desire to call your 
attention to the subject, and not to trouble you with an argument. 

"Should you submit such a proposition I think it would be heartily endorsed 
by our State Convention on the 22d. inst. 

"I think it a great move on the political chess-board." 

A joint resolution (S. 16), introduced by Senator John B. Henderson on 
January 11, 1864, was amended and passed by the Senate on April 11. In the 
House it failed to receive the necessary two-thirds majority until January 31, 
1865. Approved by President Lincoln on February i, 1865, the resolution was 
adopted by the requisite three-fourths of the states and became the Thirteenth 
Amendment to the Constitution. 

To Joseph Holt 1 

February 8, 1864 

In consederation of the recommendation referred to, and that the 
party has already suffered much he is hereby pardoned for the 
rest. A. LmcoLixr 

Feb. 8. 1864 

* AES, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, LL 506. Lincoln's en- 
dorsement is written on the court-martial record of Private Michael Nash, 
Sixty-fifth Ohio Volunteers, sentenced to be shot for desertion. Officers of his 
regiment testified to his good conduct and questioned the severity of the pen- 
alty. 

To Isaac Murphy 1 

Gov. Isaac Murphy Washington, D.C., 

Little-Rock, Arkansas February 8. 1864 

My order to Gen. Steele about an election was made in igno- 
rance of the action your convention had taken or would take. A 
subsequent letter directs Gen. Steele to aid you on your own plan, 
and not to thwart or hinder you. Show this to him. 

A. LINCOLN*. 

1 ALS, RPB. This telegram is misdated by Nicolay and Hay "February 6, 
1864" (NH, IX, 304). A telegram signed by Isaac Murphy, William M. Fish- 
back, Lafayette Gregg, and E. D. Mayers was received at 7:35 P.M. on Febru- 
ary 8: "We understand that you have authorized Maj Gen. Steele to order 
an election on the 24th of March as you have doubtless seen the convention 
had appointed the fourteenth This call has gone into parts of the state to 

[173] 



FEBRUARY 8, 1864 

which a new call cannot go before the 2 4 th unless you change to the four- 
teenth Neither election will have one tenth Please change by telegraph" 
(DLC-RTL). 

To John Sedgwick 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
Major-General Sedgwick: February 8, 1864. 

Suspend execution of death sentence of James Taylor until fur- 
ther orders and forward record of trial for examination. 

A. LINCOLN. 
Major Eckert: 

Please send above dispatch. JNO. G. NICOLAY, 

Private Secretary. 

iTarbell (Appendix), p. 415. No reply has been located. See telegrams to 
Andrews, supra, and to Dix, February 12, infra. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, Feb. 8, 1864. 

Allow Gen. Benham to simply publish Mr. Holt's report in his 
case. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, THaroL. Stanton endorsed on the bottom of the letter "Approved & 
referred to the Adjt Genl to furnish copy for publication.*' Concerning General 
Henry W. Benham's case see Lincoln to Holt, January 3, 1863, supra, 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War: Executive Mansion- 

My dear Sir: Washington. Feb. 8. 1864. 

I saw Doolittle and made your views known to him. He is al- 
together tractable on the question and thinks there is no danger of 
precipitate action. Yours truly A. LINCOLN. 

1 Copy, DLC-RTL. No clue has been found as to the import of this note. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Lieut. Monroe is a son of an old friend of mine, and I desire him 
to have the promotion sought, if the service admits of it. 

Feb. 8, 1864 A. LINCOLN 

1 Copy, ISLA. Lincoln's endorsement appears on a letter of Brigadier Gen- 
eral Nathan Kimball recommending First Lieutenant George Monroe of the 
Fifty-fourth Illinois Volunteers for promotion to captain and assistant quarter- 
master. George Monroe, son of Byrd Monroe of Coles County, Illinois, was ap- 
pointed captain to rank from September 30, 1864. The appointment was con- 
firmed by the Senate on February ao, 1865. 

[174] 



To Joseph Holt 1 

Action to relieve in this declined A. LINCOLN 
Feb. 9. 1864 

1AES, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General NN 111. Concerning 
Joseph M. Bushfield, see Lincoln to Holt, August 28, 1863, supra, and March 
31, 1864, infra. Only one of sixty-three court-martial cases reviewed by Lin- 
coln on this date, this one is included because of previous references. Sentences 
in other cases were approved, remitted, commuted, or pardons were ordered 
in routine endorsements. 



To John Brough 1 

Gov. Brough Washington, D.C., 

Columbus, Ohio Feb. 10 1864 

Robert Johnson, mentioned by you, is hereby fully pardoned, 
for any supposed desertion, up to date A. LINCOLN 

*ALS, RPB. Governor Brough telegraphed on February 9, 1864: "Robert 
Johnson a private in the ninety second regt. O.V.I, surrenders himself to me 
as a deserter. The circumstances are peculiar & I respectfully ask his full 
pardon. Please send by telegraph as he is now in custody. I send papers by 
mail showing an interesting case." (DLC-RTL). No further reference has 
been found. 

To Joseph Holt 1 

Order of dismissal set aside, and party to stand as honorably dis- 
charged. A. LINCOLN 
Feb. 10. 1864 

1AES, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, MM 1214. Lincoln's 
endorsement is -written on the court-martial record of Captain Conrad Eber- 
hardt, First Battalion, Pennsylvania Six-Months Cavalry, sentenced to be dis- 
missed for signing muster rolls containing false statements and misapplying 
provisions. The record showed that Eberhardt could not read English. In ad- 
dition to the three court-martial endorsements reproduced of this date there are 
forty- three other cases reviewed by Lincoln on February 10, bearing routine 
endorsements of pardon, approval, remission, or commutation of sentence. 

To Joseph Holt 1 

Dennis McCarty February 10, 1864 

Sentence of death at Cumberland, Md. 

Sentence commuted to imprisonment at hard labor in the Peniten- 
tiary for five years. A. LINCOLN* 
Feb. 10. 1864 

1 AES, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, MM 372. See Lincoln 
to Kretz, October 15, 1863, supra. Lincoln's endorsement is written on the 

[175] 



FEBRUARY 1 O, 864 

sr ^zfrsti^ 

ution of McCaVs sentence, to be done at Albany, 



New York. 

To Joseph Holt 1 

Boy discharged and mustering officer rebuked 
Feb'y 10, 1864. A LINCOLN 

i ES, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, LL 3 34- Lincoln's endorse- 
ment is written on the court-martial record of Private John S. Lounsberry, 
Company I, Second U.S. Artillery, sentenced for desertion. An appeal for 
clemency sets forth that the boy was a minor under seventeen years of age. 

To Daniel Sickles 1 

Major General Sickles Washington, B.C., 

New-York Feb- 10 1864 

Please come on at your earliest convenience, prepared to make 
the contemplated trip for me. A. LINCOLN 

1 RPB, ALS. See Lincoln to Sickles, January 29, supra, and to Steele, Febru- 
ary 11, to Sickles, February 15, and to Steele, February 25, infra. Sickles' reply 
was received at 8 P.M.: "Your telegram reed. Will go on tomorrow afternoon.' 1 
(DLC-RTL). 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Sec. of War, please see Col. Alger, who has come up on our in- 
vitation in regard to the proclamation. A. LINCOLN 
Feb. 10. 1864 

1ALS, MiU-C. Colonel Russell A. Alger, Fifth Michigan Cavalry, wrote 
Nicolay on February 9, 1864: 

"Obeying your instructions of this date, I have the honor to submit the fol- 
lowing suggestion, together with plan, of carrying into effect, the circulation 
of the Presidents Amnesty Proclamation within the enemy's lines. 

"Almost invariably, the first questions asked by deserters coming within 
our lines, are, 'What are you going to do with us?' 'Are we to be shut up in 
prison?' 'Are we to be pressed into your army?' &c. 

"This, they are taught by their officers, will be, if they desert to us. 

"They also ask, 'What privileges can we have, if we take the oath. . . .' 

"These questions the Proclamation does not answer so plainly to all as not 
to admit of a doubt. 

"Could an order be made, and affixed to the Proclamation, answering them 
as far as possible. . . . 

"The plan I would suggest for distributing is: let scouts carry it within the 
Enemy's lines; let Cavalry expeditions be sent out, supplied with it; leave 
copies at every house possible, and scatter wherever the enemy will be likely 

[176] 



FEBRUARY 11, 1864 

to find it. ... Many will be found by rebel soldiers, and many will be sent 
to them by mail from their friends. . . . 

"If a Reg't of Cavalry can be furnished to me, at different points along the 
enemy front, I will, if permitted, volunteer to, as far as is in my power, see 
this carried into effect personally." (DLC-RTL) . 

Edward D. Townsend wrote Nicolay on February 23 that "Col. Alger has 
gone to Genl. Butler's Department with some of those small print Proclama- 
tions. . . ." (Ibid.). 



To Lyman Trumbull 1 

Hon. Lyman Trumbull Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, Feb. 10, 1864. 

This morning I sent the nomination of Pieper to the 

Senate for Assessor in the 12th. District of Illinois. If you see no 
objection, I wish you would write to Mr. Flagg, asking him to 
give Shiel the place Pieper now has. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, IHi. On February 12, 1864, Senator Trumbull endorsed on the bot- 
tom of the page to Willard C. Flagg, collector of internal revenue: "If young 
Mr Schiel is competent, & qualified in all respects, I hope you -will consult 
the President's wishes." 

John Schiel (Scheil, Scheel, or Schell), deceased brother-in-law of Gustave 
Koerner, was followed by Frederick Pieper of Belleville, Illinois, as assessor. 
Presumably Lincoln's reference to giving Schiel the place formerly held by 
Pieper meant Schiel's son, Frederick E. Schiel, and referred to a minor position 
as clerk. 



To Edward Bates 1 

Let a pardon be made out in this case. A. 
Feb. 11. 1864 

1 AES, DNA RG 204, U.S. Pardon Attorney, A 496. Lincoln's endorsement 
is written on a letter from Judge A. B. Orin, of Washington, D.C., February 
10, 1864, asking pardon for D. Henry Burtinett (Burtnete), imprisoned for 
keeping a bawdy house: "In consequence of his good behavior since he has 
been imprisoned and for other reasons, I ask his immediate and unconditional 
pardon. I presided at the trial of his case is the reason I sign this application." 



To Edward Bates 1 

Attorney General please make out and send me a pardon in this 
case. A. LINCOLN 

Feb. 11. 1864. 

1 AES, RPB. Lincoln's endorsement is written on an envelope marked in a 
different hand "James Speed asks pardon of Combs." The case has not been 
further identified. 

[177] 



To Salmon R Chase 1 

Hon. Sec. of Treasury, please see & hear my townsman & friend 
Mr. Van Duyn. A - LINCOLN 

Feb. 11. 1864 

1ALS-P, ISLA. Robert Irwin of Springfield wrote Lincoln on February 6, 
1864, "The bearer Mr. G. A. Van Duyn, of our city visits Washington to try 
and get a permit to trade South. Mr. Van Duyn is of the firm of G. A. Van 
Duyn & Co. a House of good standing here. (I have no doubt you will recol- 
lect him). Any assistance you can render him will be appreciated by Your 
Friend Robt. Irwin" (DLC-RTL). 

Endorsement Concerning Pennsylvania Militia 1 

I fully indorse the within statement, and shall be glad if Congress 
shall see fit to act promptly in the case. A. LINCOLN 

Feb. 11, 1864 

1 Parke-Bernet Catalog 223, October ao-November i, 194' No. 584. Accord- 
ing to the catalog description, Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter from 
Stanton as follows: "The Department has this day received returns of the 
amounts required for the payment of the militia called out for the defence of 
the State of Pennsylvania on the 26th of June 1863, against the invasion of 
the rebel forces under command of General Lee. There being no appropria- 
tion out of which these payments could be made at the time they were re- 
quired patriotic citizens of Philadelphia advanced the money, and it is proper 
that they should be reimbursed without delay. I would respectfully recom- 
mend therefore that an immediate appropriation for that purpose be 
made. . . ." An act approved April 12, 1866, appropriated $800,000 to reim- 
burse Pennsylvania for expenditures in payment of militia in the U.S. service. 

To John Sedgwick 1 

Major Gen. Sedgwick Washington, 

Army of Potomac Feb. 11. 1864 

Unless there be strong reason to the contrary, please send Gen. 
Kilpatrick to us here, for two or three days. A. LUNTCOLIST 

1 ALS-P, ISLA. General Sedgwick replied to Lincoln's telegram at 9:25 P.M., 
"Gen. [Judson] Kilpatrick has been ordered to proceed at once to Washington 
and report to you." (DLC-RTL). 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Secretary of War Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, Feb. 11, 1864. 

In January 1863, the Provost-Marshal at St. Louis, having taken 
the control of a certain church from one set of men and given it 
to another, I wrote Gen. Curtis on the subject, as follows: 

"the U.S. Government must not, as by this order, undertake to 

[178] 



FEBRUARY 11, 1864 

run the churches. When an individual, in a church or out of it, 
becomes dangerous to the public interest, he must be checked; 
but the churches, as such, must take care of themselves. It will not 
do for the U.S. to appoint trustees. Supervisors, or other agents for 
the churches." 

Some trouble remaining in this same case, I, on the 22nd. of 
Dec. 1863, in a letter to Mr. O. D. Filley, repeated the above lan- 
guage; and, among other things, added "I have never interfered, 
nor thought of interfering as to who shall or shall not preach in 
any church; nor have I knowingly, or believingly, tolerated any 
one else to so interfere by my authority. If any one is so inter- 
fering by color of my authority, I would like to have it specifically 
made known to me. . . , I will not have control of any church on 
any side." 

After having made these declarations in good faith, and in writ- 
ing, you can conceive of my embarrassment at now having brought 
to me what purports to be a formal order of the War Department, 
bearing date Nov. 3Oth. 1863, giving Bishop Ames control and 
possession of all the Methodist churches in certain Southern Mili- 
tary Departments, whose pastors have not been appointed by a 
loyal Bishop or Bishops, and ordering the Military to aid him 
against any resistance which may be made to his taking such 
possession and control. What 2 is to be done about it? Yours truly 

A. 



1 ALS, DLC-Stanton Papers; LS copy, DLC-RTL. The circular letter of No- 
vember 30, 1863, signed by Edward D. Townsend by order of the Secretary 
of War, is as follows: 

"To the Generals commanding the Departments of the Missouri, the Ten- 
nessee, and the Gulf, and all Generals and officers commanding armies, detach- 
ments, and posts, and all officers in the service of the United States in the 
above mentioned Departments: 

"You are hereby directed to place at the disposal of Rev. Bishop Ames all 
houses of worship belonging to the Methodist Episcopal Church South in which 
a loyal minister, who has been appointed by a loyal Bishop of said church, does 
not now officiate. 

"It is a matter of great importance to the Government, in its efforts to re- 
store tranquility to the community and peace to the nation, that Christian 
ministers should, by example and precept, support and foster the loyal senti- 
ment of the people. 

"Bishop Ames enjoys the entire confidence of this Department, and no doubt 
is entertained that all ministers who may be appointed by him will be entirely 
loyal. You are expected to give him all the aid, countenance, and support prac- 
ticable in the execution of his important mission. 

"You are also authorized and directed to furnish Bishop Ames and his clerk 
with transportation and subsistence when it can be done without prejudice to 
the service, and will afford them courtesy, assistance and protection." (Edward 
McPherson, The Political History of the United States . . . During the Great 
Rebellion, p. 521). 

According to McPherson, the Reverend John Hogan, acting for the loyal 

[179] 



FEBRUARY 11, 1864 

Methodists of Missouri, brought the matter to Lincoln's attention and pro- 
cured an explanatory order to General William S. Rosecrans from Townsend 
on February 13, as follows: 

"I am directed by the Secretary of War to say that the orders from the 
Department placing at the disposal of the constituted Church authorities in 
the Northern States houses of worship in other States, is designed to apply only 
to such States as are by the President's Proclamation designated as being in 
rebellion and is not designed to operate in loyal States, nor in cases where 
loyal congregations in rebel States shall be organized and worship upon the 
terms prescribed by the President's Amnesty." (Ibid., p. 523)- 

See further Lincoln's endorsement to John Hogan, February 13, infra. 

2 Lincoln originally wrote: "Is this supposed order genuine? And if so, what 
is to be done about it?" It appears deleted in both the ALS and LS copy. 



To John B. Steele 1 

February 11, 1864 

It is not proposed to send Gen. Sickles, with any authority to 
control Gen. Steele in any matter; but only to confer with him 
and give him my views more fully than I can do by writing or 
by telegraph. A. LINCOLN 

Feb. 11, 1864 

1 AES, owned by Frederick M. Dearborn, New York City. Lincoln's endorse- 
ment is written on the back of a note reading as follows: "I want to state why 
I think it would not be wise to send Gen Sickles to Arkansas John B. Steele." 
See communications to Sickles, February 10, supra, and February 15, infra. 
John B. Steele was the brother of General Frederick Steele. 



To John P. Usher 1 

Hon. Sec. of Interior Please see and hear my friend, S. M. Cul- 
lom. A. LINCOLN 

Feb 11, 1864 

i Copy, ISLA. 



To Stephen Cabot 1 

Military Commander Executive Mansion 

Boston, Mass. Washington Feb. 12. 1864 

If there is anywhere in your command, a man by the name of 
James Taylor under sentence of death for desertion, suspend exe- 
cution till further order A. LINCOLN 

1ALS, RPB. No reply from Major Stephen Cabot, commanding at Fort 
Warren, Boston, Massachusetts, has been discovered. See Lincoln's telegram to 
Andrews, February 8, supra, and to Dix, infra, 

[180] 



To Salmon E Chase 1 

Hon. Secretary of the Treasury Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, [February 12], 1864. 

I have felt considerable anxiety concerning the Custom House 
at New- York. Mr. Barney has suffered no abatement of my con- 
fidence in his honor and integrity; and yet I am convinced that 
he has ceased to be master of his position. A man by the name of 
Bailey, 2 whom I am unconscious of ever having seen, or even 
having heard of, except in this connection, expects to be, and even 
now assumes to be, Collector de facto., while Mr. Barney remains 
nominally so. This Mr. Bailey as I understand having been sum- 
moned as a witness to testify before a committee of the House of 
Representatives which purposed investigating the affairs of the 
New- York Custom-House, took occasion to call on the Chairman 
in advance, and to endeavor to smother the investigation, saying 
among other things, that whatever might be developed, the Presi- 
dent would take no action, and the committee would thereby be 
placed unpleasantly. The public interest can not fail to suffer in 
the hands of this irresponsible and unscrupulous man. 8 I propose 
sending Mr. Barney Minister to Portugal, as evidence of my 
continued confidence in him; and I further propose appointing 

4 Collector of the Customs at New- York. I wrote the draft 

of this letter two weeks ago, but delayed sending it for a reason 
which I will state when I see you. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

1 ADf S, DLC-RTL. Although the bracketed portion of the date does not ap- 
pear on the draft, the envelope in which the draft was filed bears Lincoln's 
endorsement "To Sec. of Treasury. Feb. 12, 1863." The year date in the en- 
dorsement is Lincoln's obvious error. Chase replied on February 13, 1864: "I 
was surprised and pained by your letter this morning. Misrepresentations, I 
am sure, must have been made to you about the New York Custom House. 
I regret that I was not earlier consulted in a matter which so deeply concerns 
this Department & still trust, that before you take any definitive action, you 
will confer with me fully on the subject. I shall be ready at any hour which 
may suit your convenience." (DLC-RTL). See further letters to Chase, Feb- 
ruary 13, 15, 20, and 25, infra. 

2 J. F. Bailey, special agent of the Treasury at New York. 

3 The following sentence was deleted by Lincoln at this point: "This can 
go no further." 4 "Hon. Preston King" was deleted by Lincoln. 



To Salmon E Chase 1 

Executive Mansion, 
To the Secretary of War [szc]. Washington, Feby 12, 1864. 

Dear Sir: Herewith is the resignation of Mr. McElroth [sz'c], as 
General Appraiser at New York. Send me a nomination for James 

[181] 



FEBRUARY 12, 1864 

Freeland as his successor unless you know some reason to the con- 
trary. Yours truly, A - LINCOU* 

ES. The recommendations of Mr. Freeland which seem good 
and ample are herewith. A. L. 

1 Tracy, p. 238. The source is obviously in error in giving this letter as "To 
the Secretary of War." Thomas McElrath was succeeded by John T. Hoge- 
boom, not by James Freeland, but no reply from Chase (or Stanton) has been 
discovered. 



To John A. Dix 1 

Major Gen. Dix Executive Mansion, 

New- York Washington, Feb. 12, 1864. 

If there is anywhere in your command, a man by the name of 
James Taylor under sentence of death for desertion, suspend exe- 
cution till further order. A LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. No reply has been discovered. See the telegrams to Andrews 
and Sedgwick, February 8, supra. In this telegram and the one to Cabot, supra, 
the specification "for desertion" further complicates the identification of Tay- 
lor. No such case has been discovered. 



To Salmon E Chase 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
Hon. Secretary of Treasury: February 13, 1864. 

My dear Sir: On coming up from the reception, I found your 
note of to-day. I am unwell, even now, and shall be worse this 
afternoon. If you please, we will have an interview Monday. 
Yours truly, A. LINCOLINT 

1 Robert B. Warden, Account of the Private Life and Public Services of Sal- 
mon Portland Chase (1874), p. 572. See Lincoln to Chase, February 12, supra, 
and February 15, infra. 



Endorsement to John Hogan 1 

February 13, 1864 

Indorsed on the modifying Methodist order & sent to Rev John 
Hogan. 

"As you see within, the Secretary of War modifies his order so 
as to exempt Missouri from it. Kentucky was never within it; nor, 
as I learn from the Secretary, was it ever intended for any more 

[182] 



FEBRUARY 13, 864 

than a means of rallying the Methodist people in favor of the 
Union, in localities where the rebellion had disorganized and scat- 
tered them. Even in that view, I fear it is liable to some abuses, 
but it is not quite easy to withdraw it entirely, and at once. 
["]Feb. 13. 1864 A. LINCOLN ["] 

1 ADS, DLC-RTL. The original endorsement written on an order of Febru- 
ary 13 has not been discovered, and there is some question as to the precise 
document which Lincoln endorsed and gave to Hogan. On February 28 Gen- 
eral Rosecrans notified Stanton as follows: 

"On the i2th of the present month the Rev. Bishop Ames presented at these 
headquarters a circular letter from War Department, dated November 30, 1863, 
copy of which is hereto annexed, marked A, directing that 'All houses of 
worship belonging to the Methodist Episcopal Church South, in which a loyal 
minister appointed by a loyal bishop of said church does not now officiate, are 
placed at the disposal of the Right Rev. Bishop Ames ' and asked that an 
order be issued in conformity thereto. I immediately issued a circular to com- 
manding officers of troops of the department . . . directing that 'they furnish 
Bishop Ames every facility and assistance compatible with the interests of 
the service' under the order mentioned. Saturday, Mr. John Hogan called with 
a letter dated February 13, 1864 (copy inclosed, marked C), bearing the offi- 
cial signature of James A. Hardie . . . directed to Major-General Rosecrans 
. . . with an indorsement in the handwriting and bearing the signature of 
the President . . . intended, as he (Hogan) claimed, to abrogate entirely in 
this State the circular order printed by Bishop Ames. As no official copy of 
the letter to me of the 3th . . . has been received . . . and as there is a 
doubt in my mind as to the policy the War Department intends to adopt as 
regards church property in this State ... I would respectfully request that 
more definite instructions be furnished. . . ." (OR, I, XXXIV, II, 452-53). 

A footnote in the source states that neither the order of November 30, 1863, 
nor the letter from Hardie of February 13, 1864, could be found at the time 
the Official Records were compiled. As given by McPherson (see note to Lin- 
coln's letter to Stanton, February 11, supra) , both the order of November 30 
and the modifying order of February 13, were issued over the signature of 
Edward D. Townsend rather than that of James A. Hardie. It seems probable, 
however, from the contents of Lincoln's endorsement, that the order was 
substantially the same. 



To Horace Maynard 1 

Hon. Horace Maynard Executive Mansion 

Nashville, Tenn. Washington, Feb. 13. 1864 

Your letter of and. received. Of course Gov. Johnson will pro- 
ceed with re-organization as the exigencies of the case appear to 
him to require. I do not apprehend he will think it necessary to 
deviate from my views to any ruinous extent. On one hasty read- 
ing, I see no such deviation in his programme which you send 

A. 



1 ALS, RPB. On February 2, Tennessee's Attorney General Maynard wrote 
Lincoln: 

"In the first interview I had the honor to hold with your Excellency, during 

[183] 



FEBRUARY 14? 1864 

my recent visit to Washington, I informed you feat during ^t^ brief inte^al 
between the arrival here of your Proclamation of Deer. 8, & my departure, I 
had heard two criticisms . . . 

"i. Its excessive liberality to rebels. 

"2. Its placing in the same category repentant rebels & men always loyal. 

"Since nay return I found the same criticisms . . . especially the latter. . . . 
The expressions of repugnance are too strong to be disregarded. 

"Gov Johnson has attempted, in solution of the difficulty, in a manner quite 
satisfactory to the Union men, but greatly to the disgust of secesh & semi- 
secesh. I will enclose you a copy of his Proclamation for our March election. 
In all probability you will be solicited to interfere. This I hope you ivill not 
do." (DLC-RTL). 



Pass for Mrs. Samuel P. Hamilton 1 

Allow this lady to pass to Nashville Tenn. to report to Gov. John- 
son, and be heard by him & be disposed of as he shall decide. 
[Feby] 14, 1864 A. LINCOLN 

1AES-F, Louisville, Kentucky, Times, February 12, 1945- The facsimile 
shows the month blotted, but seems to read "Feby." According to the account 
given in the source, Mrs. Samuel P. Hamilton had been dispossessed of her 
home for refusing to give up a Confederate flag which she had flown from 
her roof during the occupation of Knoxville by Federal forces in September, 
1863. 



To Salmon E Chase 1 

Hon. Secretary of Treasury: February 15, 1864 

My Dear Sir: I have just called to see you on the matter men- 
tioned Saturday, and am pained to learn you are suffering too 
much to be out. I hope you will soon be relieved; meanwhile, have 
no uneasiness as to the thing to which I am alluding, as I shall 
do nothing in it until I shall [have] fully conferred with you. 
Yours truly, A. LINCOLN. 

1 Robert B. Warden, Account of the Private Life and Public Services of Sal- 
mon Portland Chase (1874), p. 573. See Lincoln to Chase, February 12 and 13, 
supra. Chase replied on February 15: 

"I thank you for your very kind note & the assurance it contains. 

"I was coming to see you this morning; for really I do not suffer at all. My 
right eye won't bear much light; but I can get on pretty well with the left. 
So I could come with no other inconvenience than having one eye under 
bandage. With the permission of your note, however, I will wait till tomor- 
row." (DLC-RTL). 

On February 18, Chase wrote again: "My eye is so much better that I was 
able to do a little work at the Department yesterday, and am here again this 
afternoon. Whenever you summon me I shall attend you for conference about 
New York matters or any other." (Ibid}. 

See further Lincoln to Chase, February 20 and 25, infra. 

[184] 



To Daniel E. Sickles 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
Major General Sickles: February 15. 1864. 

I wish you to make a tour for me (principally for observation 
and information) by way of Cairo and New-Orleans, and return- 
ing by the Gulf and Ocean. All Military and Naval officers are to 
facilitate you with suitable transportation, and by conferring with 
you, and imparting, so far as they can, the information herein 
indicated, but you are not to command any of them. You will call 
at Memphis, Helena, Vicksburg, New-Orleans, Pensacola, Key- 
West, Charleston-Harbor, and such intermediate points as you 
may think important. Please ascertain at each place what is being 
done, if anything, for reconstruction how the Amnesty procla- 
mation works, if at all what practical hitches, if any, there are 
about it whether deserters come in from the enemy, what num- 
ber has come in at each point since the Amnesty, and whether the 
ratio of their arrival is any greater since than before the Amnesty 
what deserters report generally, and particularly, whether, and 
to what extent, the Amnesty is known within the rebel lines. Also 
learn what you can as to the colored people how they get along 
as soldiers, as laborers in our service, on leased plantations, and 
as hired laborers with their old masters, if there be such cases. 
Also learn what you can about the colored people within the rebel 
lines. Also get any other information you may consider interest- 
ing, and, from time to time, send me what you may deem im- 
portant to be known here at once, and be ready to make a general 
report on your return. Yours truly A. 



1 ALS-P, ISLA; ADfS, DLC-RTL. See Lincoln to Steele, February 11, supra, 
and February 25, infra. 

To John M. Thayer 1 

Gen. Thayer Washington, B.C., 

Fort Smith, Arkansas Feb. 15. 1864 

Yours received. Whatever of conflict there is between the con- 
vention and me is accidental, not designed, I having acted in 
ignorance that the convention would act. I yield to the convention, 
and have so notified Gen. Steele, who is master, and is to cut any 
knots which can not be untied. Correspond with him. 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. General Thayer, in command at Fort Smith, Arkansas, tele- 
graphed on February 14: "The state convention which formed a free constitu- 

[185] 



FEBRUARY 1 6, 1864 

tion for Arkansas appointed a General Election on the fourteenth of March 
next The people of Western Arkansas respectfully request you to modify your 
order, so as to have the election on the fourteenth, for the reason that notice 
has been circulated, through Arkansas that, it will be held on that day They 
desire to know, at the earliest moment if you make the change. (JJ1A.-.KI JL). 
See Lincoln to Murphy, February 8, supra, and to Steele, February 17, infra. 

To Nathaniel E Banks 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
Major General Banks. February 16, 1864. 

Mrs. J. Q. A. Fellows has come all the way here to make com- 
plaint about a certain dwelling house from which she says she 
has been ejected. Of course I can have no accurate knowledge of 
the merits of the case. I can do no more than ask you, which I 
cheerfully do, that you will have the case carefully investigated, 
and do justice in it. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 



1ALS, IHi. General Banks replied on March 26, 1864: 

"Your letter relating to the case of Mrs. J. Q. A. Fellows, who was dis- 
possessed of her House by order of the Treasury Agent in New Orleans, was 
given to me by Mrs Fellows, before I left New Orleans. The case is as follows: 
All the real estate in New Orleans belonging to active Rebels -was seized by 
the military authorities as far as it could be identified. It was all made to pay 
rent to the government, when not in use by the government itself: and care- 
fully protected, until the courts under the law of confiscation should decide 
the rights of the claimants for repossession. Pending this decision, by an order 
from the war department, I turned over all this property in the Department, 
Plantations and other estates to Honble. B. F. Flanders, Treasury agent, who 
assumed possession, collected the rents, controlled the occupancy, and when it 
seemed to him proper, restored these estates ... to the Rebels who claimed 
them: the cases still pending in the District court of the United States. The 
only control over any of this property that I have relates to that which is 
required for miliary uses. The rest is under the exclusive control of the 
Treasury Agent, and I am required to assist with military force, the execution 
of any order he gives concerning the disposition of this property by the same 
general order No: 88 of the War Department. 

"Mr: Fellows is an honorable and perfectly loyal man, as thoroughly so 
as Mr: Flanders or any man in New Orleans, but he is weak enough to be- 
lieve that the constitution of Louisiana can be restored as it was. . . . He was 
active in the Riddell election which took place when I was in Texas. . . . 
There can be ... no other cause for the ejectment of his family, than that this 
course was politically unacceptable to Mr: Flanders, and his friends. He as- 
signed this house to an officer of the army who was to pay rent as Mr Fel- 
lows had done, and made a demand upon me in writing for the support I was 
required to give him by war Dept: orders No: 88, which with the greatest 
reluctance I gave him hence the visit of Mrs Fellows to Washington. She 
had a good case, but it concerns the Treasury officers, not the war Department. 
When she presented me your letter directing an investigation of the case, I 
immediately requested Brigadier General [James] Bowen to present the case 
in person to Mr Flanders, and requested his attention to your request. He 
replied that when Colonel Dudley, the occupant surrendered the house, he 
would assign it to Mrs Fellows, and not till then. Colonel Dudley is now 
commanding a Brigade of Cavalry in front of the enemy here It is very hard 

[186] 



FEBRUARY 1 6, 1864 

for me to order the family of a soldier, who is in the field, out of a house 
which is assigned to him by the officers of the Treasury who have by orders 
of the War & Treasury Departments exclusive control over it. 

"The Secretary of the Treasury should be required to give such orders to 
his agent in New Orleans as may be required in this case. ... I enclose 
copies of all the papers in this case, and have written to Mrs Fellows, and 
to Senator Foote, a full statement of the facts involved. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 

Endorsement Concerning W. Marshall Swayne 1 

I indorse what is said above of Mr. Swayne. A. LINCOLN 
Feb. 16. 1864 

1 AES, owned by Mrs. Isaac G. Roberts, West Chester, Pennsylvania. Lin- 
coln's endorsement is written on a letter of Salmon P. Chase, January 17, 1864: 
"Mr. W. Marshall Swayne, a clerk in the Internal Revenue Bureau, wishes to 
contribute to the Fair to be held in this city for the benefit of the Christian 
Commission a Series of bas reliefs heads of the President and the Heads of 
Departments. Mr. Swayne has modeled a head of myself and I think of Gov- 
ernor Seward, which are said to be good. His object is certainly a good one, 
and if you will give him a sitting or two to enable him to accomplish it, you will 
help it and at the same time gratify a very worthy gentlemen [szc] . He devotes 
only his spare hours to the work, not allowing it to interfere at all with his 
official duties." The bust sculptured by Swayne was finally sent to the Great 
Central Fair at Philadelphia (New York Tribune, June 15, 1864). 

Endorsement Concerning William Yocum 1 

William Yocum, within named, is hereby pardoned. 

February 16, 1864. A. LINCOLN. 

1 Thirty-eighth Congress, First Session, Senate Executive "Document No. 51, 
p. 20. Lincoln's endorsement is given as appearing on a petition signed by 
Lucian Anderson, Brutus J. Clay, W. H. Randall, S. L. Casey, and G. Clay 
Smith. See Lincoln to Holt, February 3, supra, and to the Senate, June 13, infra. 

To the House of Representatives 1 

February 16, 1864 
To the House of Representatives, of the United States. 

In answer to the resolution of the House of Representatives of 
the 8th instant requesting information touching the arrest of the 
United States Consul General to the British North American Prov- 
inces, and certain official communications respecting Canadian 
commerce, I transmit a report from the Secretary of State, and the 
documents by which it was accompanied. 

[Washington, February 16, 1864.] [ABRAHAM LUNTCOLTST.] 

1 DS, DNA RG 233, House Executive Document No. 39. The date and sig- 
nature have been cut off the document. The enclosures are printed in Thirty- 
eighth Congress, First Session, House Executive Document No. 59. William 

[187] 



FEBRUARY 1 6, 864 

G L Redpath of New York brought suit against Joshua R. Giddings, consul 
general at Montreal, charging kidnapping, imprisonment, and forcible return 
to the United States from Canada. Giddings was arrested upon returning to 
Ohio on leave of absence. 

To the Senate and House of Representatives 1 

February 16, 1864 
To the Senate and House of Representatives: 

I transmit to Congress a Report from the Secretary of State, 
with the accompanying papers, relative to the claim on this Gov- 
ernment of the owners of the French ship "La Manche"; and 
recommend an appropriation for the satisfaction of the claim, pur- 
suant to the award of the arbitrators. ABRAHAM LIISTCOLTST 

Washington, i6th. February, 1864. 

i DS, DNA RG 46, Senate a8A FS; DS, DNA RG 233, Original Executive 
Document. An act approved March 22, 1864, appropriated "a sufficient amount 
to purchase a bill of exchange . . . for the sum of one hundred and forty 
thousand seven hundred and thirty-five and fifteen one-hundredths francs, with 
interest . . ." as indemnity to the owners of the La Manche, seized on August 
23, 1862, and released by the Prize Court. 

To William H. Seward 1 

Hon. Sec. of State Executive Mansion, 

Sir: Washington. Feb. 16. 1864. 

Hon. W. H. Wallace, formerly of Washington Territory, and 
now of Idaho, says that Elwood Evans, Secretary of Washington 
T. was appointed at his Mr. W's. recommendation, and that he 
has gone wholly over to the enemy, using the patronage to estab- 
lish and uphold a paper to oppose & embarrass the Administra- 
tion. 2 

1 AL and AES, NAuE. No reply has been discovered. Evans remained in office 
as secretary of Washington Territory. 

2 The letter is unsigned, but a small slip bearing "File A.L. Sep. 27. 1864," 
is pasted on the bottom. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

February 16, 1864 

Will the Sec. of War please oblige Judge Catron in the matter. 

A. 



1 Parke-Bernet Catalog 611, December 4-5, 1944, No. 269. According to the 
catalog description, Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter from John 



^ an rder from the War Department for release of a prisoner 

which had been wrongly directed. No further reference has been discovered. 

[188] 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War, please see and hear Mr. Marshall, of St. 
Louis. A. LINCOLN 

Feb. 6 9 1864. 

!Copy, ISLA. Representative William R. Morrison wrote on February 11, 
1864: "I write this to introduce to you the bearer George Marshall Esqr of St. 
Louis in the absence of Mr. Blair his representative & friend. Mr. Marshall is 
a friend of yours & desires to see you on business. See him if possible." (DLC- 
RTL). 



To Edward Bates 1 

I will thank the Attorney General to enquire into this case and 
report upon it. A. LINCOLN 

Feb 17. 1864 

Let the pardon be made out. A. LINCOLN. 
March. 2, 1864. 

1 AES, CSmH. Lincoln's endorsements are written on a letter from James 
S. Rollins and others, February 8, 1864, asking pardon of Porter Jackman of 
Howard County, Missouri, imprisoned and fined by a military commission for 
disloyalty. Bates endorsed on March 2, 1864, "I have no doubt of your pouter 
to exonerate the man by a pardon. And, in view of the within Statement, I 
advise it to be done. 

"If you determine to grant the pardon, please send your order, endorsed on 
this paper." 



To William M. Fishback 1 

William Fishback Washington, B.C., 

Little Rock, Arkansas Feb. 17 1864 

When I fixed a plan for an election in Arkansas I did it in ig- 
norance that your convention was doing the same work. Since I 
learned the latter fact, I have been constantly trying to yield my 
plan to them. I have sent two letters to Gen. Steele, and three or 
four despatches to you and others, saying that he Gen. Steele 
must be master, but that it will probably be best for him to merely 
help the convention on it's own plan. Some single mind must be 
master, else there will be no agreement in anything, & Gen. Steele, 
commanding the Military, and being on the ground, is the best 
man to be that master. Even now, citizens are telegraphing me to 
postpone the election to a later day than either that fixed by the 
convention or by me. This discord must be silenced. 

A. LINCOLN* 

[189] 



FEBRUARY 1 7, 1864 

* ALS RPB. See Lincoln to Murphy, February 8, supra, and to Steele, infra. 
Fishback was elected U.S. Senator when the Arkansas legislature convened on 
April 25 under the new constitution. 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Please see and hear Mr. Gibbs, on the subject of the within letter 
of Gov. Andrew. A. LINCOLN 

Feb. 17, 1864 

Hon. Sec. of War 

1 AES, DLC-RTL. Lincoln's endorsement is written on the following letter 
from Governor John A. Andrew, February 12, 1864: 

"I respectfully introduce . . . Mr. O [liver]. C. Gibbs, Postmaster of Ware- 
ham, Mass, who on many occasions during the past three years hns been de- 
tailed to visit various camps and Hospitals of the army, as a Messenger of 
charity and relief to Massachusetts soldiers. I have learned through Mr Gibbs 
and otherwise, that persons of color, both freemen and refugees from slavery, 
desiring to pass northward from Washington, seeking to bettor their fortunes 
and support their families by reaching Massachusetts, are forcibly and against 
their will detained. I am at a loss to understand by what color of pretended 
authority people not charged with crime, and not being engaged in the mili- 
tary service, and being in the peace of the law, are thus subjected to hardship 
and wrong. Aside from the oppressiveness of such treatment against which I 
respectfully remonstrate, I appeal in behalf of the Commonwealth of Massa- 
chusetts, whose right to receive immigrants from all parts of the Union choos- 
ing to come here is thus unlawfully interfered with. Suppose the passage of 
Germans and Irishmen seeking to buy land and make their homes in the great 
land states of the West was denied, and they were compelled to remain in New 
England or New York, how long would such an embargo on population bo 
endured by Illinois, and her neighboring States. . . . The industry of Massa- 
chusetts imperatively demands every laborer now on her soil or willing to 
come. The people of Massachusetts, in addition to furnishing her quota of sol- 
diers, manufacture one third of all the woollen goods in the country, without 
which the army cannot live a day. And notwithstanding the shoo contracts in 
which she directly participates, many of the shoes contracted for by . . . other 
States are farmed out at a profit to her shoemakers . . . hold at. least one 
twelfth of the National Loan, How long then can we continue to furnish sol- 
diers, help clothe the army, fabricate ships, machinery and munitions of war, 
subscribe to the National Loans, and furnish internal revenue if persons de- 
siring to make their way hither are forbidden to come? . . ." (DLC-RTL). 

See Lincoln's reply to Andrew, February 18, infra. 



To Frederick Steele 1 

Major General Steele Executive Mansion, 

Little,-Rock, Ark. Washington, Feb. 17, 1864. 

The day fixed by the Convention for the election is probably 
the best, but you, on the ground, and in consultation with gentle- 
men there, are to decide. I should have fixed no day for an election 

[190] 



FEBRUARY 1 8, 864 

presented no plan for reconstruction had I known the conven- 
tion was doing the same things. It is probably best that you merely 
assist the convention on their own plan, as to election day & all 
other matters. I have already written and telegraphed this half a 
dozen times. A. 



1ALS, RPB. General Steele telegraphed on February 16: "On what day 
have you ordered the election in this State & do your instructions to me cor- 
respond -with the action of the Convention?" (DLC-RTL). See Lincoln to 
Murphy, February 8, supra. 



To John A. Andrew 1 

His Excellency. John A. Andrew Executive Mansion, 

Governor of Massachusetts Washington, February 18. 1864. 

Yours of the 12th. was received yesterday. If I were to judge 
from the letter, without any external knowledge, I should suppose 
that all the colored people South of Washington were struggling to 
get to Massachusetts; that Massachusetts was anxious to receive 
and retain the whole of them as permanent citizens; and that the 
United States Government here was interposing and preventing 
this. But I suppose these are neither really the facts, nor meant to 
be asserted as true by you. Coming down to what I suppose to be 
the real facts, you are engaged in trying to raise colored troops for 
the U.S. and wish to take recruits from Virginia, through Wash- 
ington, to Massachusetts for that object; and the loyal Governor 
of Virginia, also trying to raise troops for us, objects to your taking 
his material away; while we, having to care for all, and being 
responsible alike to all, have to do as much for him, as we would 
have to do for you, if he was, by our authority, taking men from 
Massachusetts to fill up Virginia regiments. No more than this 
has been intended by me; nor, as I think, by the Secretary of War. 
There may have been some abuses of this, as a rule, which, if 
known, should be prevented in future. 

If, however, it be really true that Massachusetts wishes to afford 
a permanent home within her borders, for all, or even a large 
number of colored persons who will come to her, I shall be only 
too glad to know it. It would give relief in a very difficult point; 
and I would not for a moment hinder from going, any person who 
is free by the terms of the proclamation or any of the acts of 
Congress. 

1 ADf, DLC-RTL. Andrew's letter of February 12 is given in the note to 
Lincoln's endorsement to Stanton, February 17, supra. See also Lincoln to 
Stanton, February 25, infra. 

[191] 



Memorandum Concerning John A. Andrew 1 

[c. February 18, 1864 ?] 
I have not yet my letter ready for Gov. Andrew. A. L. 

i ADS DLC-Nicolay Papers. The date has been supplied on the supposition 
that this memorandum refers to the unfinished draft of Lincoln's letter to Andrew, 
supra. 

Proclamation Concerning Blockade 1 

February 18, 1864 
By the President of the United States of America: 

A Proclamation. 

Whereas, by my Proclamation of the nineteenth of April, one 
thousand eight hundred and sixty-one, the ports of the States of 
South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana 
and Texas, were, for reasons therein set forth, placed under 
blockade; and whereas, the port of Brownsville in the district of 
Brazos Santiago in the State of Texas, has since been blockaded, 
but as the blockade of said port may now be safely relaxed with 
advantage to the interests of commerce: 

Now, therefore, be it known that I, Abraham Lincoln, President 
of the United States, pursuant to the authority in me vested by the 
fifth section of the act of Congress approved on the 13th. of July 
1861, entitled, "an act further to provide for the collection of du- 
ties on imports, and for other purposes," do hereby declare that 
the blockade of the said port of Brownsville shall so far cease and 
determine from and after this date, that commercial intercourse 
with said port, except as to persons, things and information here- 
inafter specified, may, from this date, be carried on, subject to the 
laws of the United States, to the regulations prescribed by the 
Secretary of the Treasury, and until the rebellion shall have been 
suppressed, to such orders as may be promulgated by the General 
Commanding the Department, or by an officer duly authorized by 
him and commanding at said port. This Proclamation does not au- 
thorize or allow the shipment or conveyance of persons in or in- 
tending to enter the service of the insurgents, or of things or in- 
formation intended for their use, or for their aid or comfort, nor 
except upon the permission of the Secretary of War or of some 
officer duly authorized by him, of the following prohibited articles, 
namely cannon, mortars, firearms, pistols, bombs, grenades, 
powder, saltpetre, sulphur, balls, bullets, pikes, swords, boarding- 

[192] 



FEBRUARY 1 8, 1864 

caps, (always excepting the quantity of the said articles which 
may be necessary for the defence of the ship and those who com- 
pose the crew) saddles, bridles, cartridge-bag material, percussion 
and other caps, clothing adapted for uniforms, sail cloth of all 
kinds, hemp and cordage, intoxicating drinks, other than beer and 
light native wines. 

To vessels clearing from, foreign ports, and destined to the port 
of Brownsville, opened by this Proclamation, licenses will be 
granted by Consuls of the United States upon satisfactory evidence 
that the vessels so licensed will convey no persons, property or 
information excepted or prohibited above, either to or from the 
said port; which licenses shall be exhibited to the Collector of said 
port immediately on arrival, and if required, to any officer in 
charge of the blockade; and on leaving said port, every vessel will 
be required to have a clearance from the Collector of the Customs, 
according to law, showing no violation of the conditions of the li- 
cense. Any violations of said conditions will involve the forfeiture 
and condemnation of the vessel and cargo, and the exclusion of all 
parties concerned from any further privilege of entering the 
United States during the war for any purpose whatever. 

In all respects, except as herein specified, the existing blockade 
remains in full force and effect as hitherto established and main- 
tained, nor is it relaxed by this Proclamation except in regard to 
the port to which relaxation is or has been expressely applied. 

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and caused 
the seal of the United States to be affixed. 

Done at the city of Washington, this eighteenth day of Febru- 
ary, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred 
[L.S.] and sixty-four, and of the Independence of the United 
States the eighty-eighth. ABRAHAM 

By the President: 

WILLIAM: H. SEWARD, Secretary of State. 

1 DS, DNA FS RG 11, Proclamations. 



To A. Robinson 1 

A. Robinson: Executive Mansion 

Leroy, N.Y. Washington, Feb. 18. 1864 

The law only obliges us to keep accounts with States, or, at 
most, Congressional Districts; and it would overwhelm us to at- 
tempt in counties, cities and towns. Nevertheless we do what we 
can to oblige in particular cases. In this view I send your despatch 

[193] 



FEBRUARY 1 Q, 864 

to the Provost-Marshall-General, asking him to do the best he can 
for you. A - LINCOLN 

i ALS, RPB. Robinson's message has not been discovered. It probably had to 
do with draft quotas. 

To George S. Blake 1 

Com. Geo. S. Blake. Executive Mansion. 

Comdt. Naval Academy *9 Feb. 1864. 

Newport, R.I. 

I desire the case o Midshipman C. Lyon re-examined and if not 
clearly inconsistent I shall be much obliged to have the recom- 
mendation changed. A. LINCOLN. 

1LS, RPB. Acting Midshipman Caleb Lyon (Jr.?) is listed as having re- 
signed at Annapolis, February 10, 1862. No further reference has been found. 



To Roscoe Conkling 1 

Hon. R. Conkling Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, February 19, 1864. 

I have just received the letter of yourself and others in relation 
to Caleb Lyon. I understood he was once a member of Congress; 
his nomination to some respectable office was repeatedly urged 
upon me certainly by two, if not three Senators of the highest 
standing; and your letter contains the first imputation I ever heard 
against his moral character. Yours very truly A. LIN COLIN" 

1 ALS-P, ISLA. Ex-congressman Roscoe Conkling's letter has not been dis- 
covered. See Lincoln's letter to Lyon, February i, and to Seward, February 2, 
supra. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

February 19, 1864 

The writer of this, Hon. Mr. Nelson of Tennessee, is a man of 
mark, and one whom I would like to have obliged. I am in favor 
of discharging his son, with pledge that he shall not be conscripted, 
upon his taking the oath of December 8. A. LINCOLN. 

February 19, 1864. 

1 Leslie J. Perry, "Appeals to Lincoln's Clemency," The Century Magazine, 
LI ^ (December, 1895), 253. According to Perry, Lincoln's endorsement was 
written on the back of a letter from Thomas A. R. Nelson, but the name of 
Nelson's confederate son is not given. 

[194] 



To Edward Bates 1 

Attorney General please make out a pardon in this case. 
Feb. 20. 1864. A. LINCOLN 



DNA RG 204, U.S. Pardon Attorney, A 517. Lincoln's endorsement 
is written on a letter from George F. Brown, D.D., "Moral Instructor to the 
N.J. State Prison," Trenton, New Jersey, December 23, 1863, recommending 
pardon of James Ackerman serving sentence for making counterfeit coin. 



To Salmon E Chase 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
Hon. Secretary of Treasury: February 20, 1864. 

My Dear Sir: Herewith I return the affidavit you handed me. 
In glancing it over I do not perceive anything necessarily incon- 
sistent with the practice of detectives, and others, engaged in the 
business of "rascal-catching;" but a closer consideration might 
show it. It seems to me that August., the month within which the 
affiant fixes his first interview with Hanscomb, was really before 
Hanscomb left Boston and came to New York. Yours truly, 

A. LINCOLN. 

1 Robert B. Warden, Account of the Private Life and Public Services of Sal- 
mon Portland Chase (1864), p. 573. Chase replied on February 22: 

"The Solicitor informs me that Hanscomb went to New York before August: 
but, also, shows me a letter from Mr. Bailey in which he says he does not put 
much confidence in its statements. 

"You were kind enough to say you would see Mr. Bailey: but he will not 
be here till the latter part of this week or the first of next." (DLC-RTL). 

Albert Hanscom, deputy collector in the Boston Custom House, was trans- 
ferred to the same post in the New York Custom House in 1863. The affidavit 
referred to has not been discovered. See Lincoln to Chase, February 25, infra. 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

I specially request that you will see Judge Cooper and allow him 
to take his brother home with him. A. LINCOLN* 

Feb. 20. 1864 

Hon. Sec. of War. 

Feb. 20. 1864 A. LINCOLN 

1 AES, DLC-Hitchcock Papers. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter 
from Edward Cooper and Judge Henry Cooper of Shelbyville, Tennessee, Feb- 
ruary 19, 1864, asking release of their brother F. F. Cooper, a prisoner of war 
at Camp Morton, Indiana, ill with tuberculosis. Stanton endorsed directing 
General Ethan A. Hitchcock to "issue the order for discharge of the within 
named prisoner on his taking the oath." 

[195] 



To Warren Jordan 1 

Warren Jordan Washington DC., 

Nashville, Tenn. February 21 [20?] 1864 

In county elections you had better stand by Gov. Johnson's 
plan Otherwise you will have conflict and confusion. I have seen 
his plan. A - LINCOLN 

i ALS RPB. The date numeral "21" of this manuscript is not in Lincoln's 
handwriting. As printed by Nicolay and Hay (X,ir) the date of the telegram 
is "February 20." Since February 21 was Sunday, Nicolay and Hay may have 
the correct date, but no corroboration has been discovered. Concerning Warren 
Jordan, see further Lincoln's communication to East, February 27, infra. 

To George S. BoutwelF 

Thanks for the privilege of reading. 
Feb. 22. 1864. A. L. 

1 AES, owned by L. E. Dicke, Evanston, Illinois. Lincoln's endorsement is on 
an envelope addressed to George S. Boutwell from Nathaniel P. Banks, post- 
marked at New York, February 20, contents unknown. 

To John Brough 1 

His Excellency Executive Mansion, 

Governor Brough Washington, 

Columbus, Ohio Feb. 22. 1864. 

As you request, Clinton Fuller, charged as a deserter, is par- 
doned. A. 



1 ALS, RPB. No conrmunication from Governor Brough in this connection 
has been discovered, and Clinton Fuller has not been identified. 



To William P. Dole 1 

Commissioner of Indian Affairs, please examine and report upon 
this case. A. LINCOLN 

Feb. 22. 1864 

* AES, ORB. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter from John Ross, 
Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation, February 18, 1864, presenting a pe- 
tition of the Cherokees "sent ... by the hands of the Hon. Lewis Ross, the 
Treasurer of the Nation" asking government aid in alleviating "the extreme 
destitution to which the people of the Cherokee Nation have been reduced by 
the disasters of the present war. . . ." The appropriation approved June 25, 
1864, for expenses of the Indian Department, authorized the Secretary of In- 
terior to extend relief to refugee Indians, including Cherokees, "reduced to 
want on account of their friendship to the United States." 

[196] 



To Joseph Holt 1 

This is a peculiar case, & I will thank the Judge Advocate Gen- 
eral to have made for me a good abstract of the evidence 
Feb. 22. 1864 A, 



i AES, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, MM 1277. Lincoln's en- 
dorsement is written on the papers in the case of Captain Charles C. Moore, 
tried by a military commission on Lincoln's order to Robert C. Schenck, No- 
vember 20, 1863, supra. Captain Moore was acquitted and died a prisoner of 
the enemy on August 31, 1864. 

To Benjamin F. Loan 1 

Hon. B. Loan War Department 

Dear Sir: Washington, Feb. 22, 1864 

At your instance I directed a part of the advertising for this 
Department to be done in the St. Joseph Tribune. I have just been 
informed that the Tribune openly avows it's determination that 
in no event will it support the re-election of the President. As you 
probably know', please inform me whether this is true. The Presi- 
dent's wish is that no objection shall be made to any paper re- 
spectfully expressing it's preference for the nomination of any 
candidate; but that the patronage of the government shall be 
given to none which engages in cultivating a sentiment to oppose 
the election of any when he shall have been fairly nominated by 
the regular Union National Convention. 

1 ADf, DLC-Stanton Papers. Lincoln presumably drafted this letter for 
Stanton to sign. A complimentary close "Yrs truly" has been added to the 
document in Stanton's handwriting. It has not been established that Stanton 
sent the message. No reply from Representative Loan or from D. K. Abeel, 
proprietor of the St. Joseph, Missouri, Tribune, has been discovered. 

Remarks at Opening of Patent Office Fair 1 

February 22, 1864 

Loud calls being made then for the President, Mr. Lincoln 
stepped forward, and said that he appeared before the audience to 
apologize for not speaking rather than to speak. 

He thought that the Committee had practiced a little fraud on 
him, for they did not intimate when they came to see him in the 
morning, that they expected him to speak, therefore he had come 
before the audience totally unprepared to say anything; that was 
taking one at great disadvantage after the eloquent speech of Mr. 
Chittenden and the poem of Mr. French. 

There was great objection to his saying anything, for necessar- 

[197] 



FEBRUARY 22, 864 

ily, in consequence of his position, everything went into print. 
[Laughter and applause.] If he made any mistake it might do 
both himself and the nation harm. [Applause.] It was very diffi- 
cult to say sensible things. [Laughter.] He therefore hoped that 
the audience would excuse him after expressing his desire that 
the charitable enterprise in which we were engaged might be 
abundantly successful. [Applause.] 

1 New York Tribune, February 24, 1864. Lincoln's remarks followed a speech 
by Lucius E. Chittenden and a patriotic poem read by Benjamin B. French. 

To William S. Rosecrans 1 

Major General Rosecrans Washington, D.C., 

St. Louis, Mo Feb. 22 1864 

Col. Sanderson will be ordered to you to-day a mere omission 
that it was not done before. The other questions in your despatch 
I am not yet prepared to answer A. LUSTCOLIST 

!ALS, RPB. General Rosecrans telegraphed on February 12, asking that 
Colonel John P. Sanderson of the Thirteenth Infantry "now on recruiting 
service at Newport, Ky. be ordered to report to me" for duty as provost mar- 
shal (DLC-RTL). On February 20, Rosecrans telegraphed again: "Will the law 
provide that the pay of colored troops shall be the same as for other? Will the 
families of these men be made free? It is important and just that they should 
be so. Will you give me Colonel Sanderson? I beg an early reply." (OR, I, 
XXXIV, II, 381). AGO Special Orders No. 88, February 23, 1864, directed 
Colonel Sanderson to report to General Rosecrans without delay. 

To the Senate and House of Representatives 1 

February 22, 1864 
To the Senate and House of Representatives: 

I transmit to Congress the copy of a correspondence which has 
recently taken place between Her Britannic Majesty's Minister 
accredited to this Government and the Secretary of State, in order 
that the expediency of sanctioning the acceptance, by the Master 
of the American schooner "Highlander," of a present of a watch 
which the Lords of the Committee of Her Majesty's Privy Council 
for Trade propose to present to him in recognition of services 
rendered by him to the crew of the British vessel "Pearl," may 
be taken into consideration. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

Washington, 22d. Feby. 1864. 

IDS, DNA RG 46, Senate 3 8A Fa; DS, DNA RG 233, House Executive 
Document No. 43. The correspondence transmitted concerned the request (De- 
cember 31, 1863) of the British Privy Council for Trade for permission to pre- 
sent a gold watch to the master of the Highlander (unnamed), in recognition 
of his rescue of the crew of the British vessel Pearl. Secretary Seward replied 

[198] 



FEBRUARY 22, 1864 

on February 20, 1864, that congressional assent was necessary (Thirty-eighth 
Congress, First Session, Executive Document No. 43). On March i, Senator 
Sumner reported a joint resolution giving assent, which was tabled on March 3. 
On March 9, Sumner offered a resolution which was passed, to the effect that 
the master of the Highlander was not an officer of the U.S. Navy and held no 
office of trust or profit such as contemplated by the Constitution for congres- 
sional consent for acceptance of gifts. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

I believe it was agreed some days ago that Gen. Sigel should be 
assigned to West- Virginia. A. LINCOLN 

Feb. 22. 1864. 

1 AES, DLC-Stanton Papers. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter 
from Sigismund Kaufman and others, New York, February 12, 1864, urging 
assignment of General Franz Sigel. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

[c. February 22, 1864] 

I propose that the husband's parole be enlarged so that he may oc- 
casionally visit Washington. 

1 Copy, DNA WR RG 107, Secretary of War, Letters Received, P 123, Reg- 
ister notation. Although the letter bearing Lincoln's endorsement is missing, a 
notation on the register quotes the above as appearing on the application of 
Mrs. V. C. K. Neagle. 

To Frederick Steele 1 

Major General Steele Washington, D.C., 

Little Rock, Arkansas Feb. 22. 1864 

Yours of yesterday received. Your conferrence with citizens ap- 
proved. Let the election be on the fourteenth of March, as they 
agreed. A. LINCOLN 

l ALS, RPB. See Lincoln to Steele, February 17, supra. General Steele's tele- 
gram of February 21 is as follows: "I called together the prominent citizens 
who telegraphed you opposite opinions in regard to the day on which the elec- 
tion should be held and they agree unanimously on the fourteenth (14) of 
March. Your written instructions are not yet rec'd. It is probable that several 
thousand votes will be polled in excess of the required number. A. A. C. Rogers 
of Pine Bluff is announced as opposing candidate for governor." (DLC-RTL). 

To Gideon Welles 1 

February 22, 1864 

These extracts from letters of Admiral Foote show Commander 
Stembel to be a very meritorious officer; unless the Sec. of the 
Navy knows some reason to the contrary, I propose that a vote of 

[199] 



FEBRUARY 23, 1864 

thanks be asked of Congress for him. If there be nothing in the 
way, please send me the papers to sign. A. LINCOLN 

Feb. 22, 1864. 

i Stan V. Henkels Catalog 1328, May 25, 1923, No. 271. According to the 
catalog description, Lincoln's endorsement is written on the back of extracts 
from letters of Admiral Andrew H. Foote, recommending Commander Roger 
N. StembeL No record has been found of Stembel's having received a con- 
gressional vote of thanks. 

To Montgomery Blair 1 

February 23, 1864 

Post-Master General please see the bearer Mr. Miller, now of 
Washington Territory, and son of an old friend of mine in Illinois, 
who originally went from Kentucky. He conies well recommended 
by his neighbors on the Pacific. A. LINCOLN 

Feb. 23. 1864 

1 ALS-P, ISLA. This note is written on both sides of a small card. On No- 
vember 18, 1863, Anson G. Henry wrote to Lincoln, introducing Miller: "This 
will be handed you by my good friend Genl. W. W. Miller of this place. He 
is a son of our old friend Major [William] Miller of Jacksonville. He is the 
best specimen of a Union Democrat of the Andy Johnson stamp, we have in 
this Territory, and I know you will like to make his acquaintance." (DLC- 
RTL). 

To Salmon E Chase 1 

Hon. Sec. of Treasury Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, Feb. 23. 1864. 

Yours of yesterday in relation to the paper issued by Senator 
Pomeroy was duly received; and I write this note merely to say 
I will answer a little more fully when I can find the leisure to do 
so. Yours truly A. LITNTCOLIST 

^ALS (copy or ADfS?), DLC-RTL. The printed circular opposing the re- 
nomination of President Lincoln and advocating nomination of Secretary Chase 
was issued over the signature of Samuel C. Pomeroy. On February 22 Chase 
wrote ^ Lincoln : 

^ "It 'is probable that you have already seen a letter printed in the Constitu- 
tional Union Saturday afternoon, & reprinted in the Intelligencer this morning, 
written by Senator Pomeroy, as Chairman of a Committee of my political 
friends. 

"I had no knowledge of the existence of this letter before I saw it in the 
Union. 

"A few weeks ago several gentlemen called on me & expressed their desire, 
which, they said, was shared by many earnest friends of our common cause, 
that I would allow my name to be submitted to the consideration of the people 
in connexion with the approaching election of Chief Magistrate. I replied that 
I feared that any such use of my name might impair my usefulness as Head 
of the Treasury Department & that I much preferred to continue my labors 
where I am & free from distracting influences, until I could honorably retire 

[200] 



FEBRUARY 23, 1864 

from them. We had several interviews. After consultation, and conference with 
others, they expressed their united judgment that the use of my name as pro- 
posed would not affect my usefulness in my present position, and that I ought 
to consent to it. I accepted their judgment as decisive; but at the same time 
told them distinctly that I could render them no help, except what might 
come incidentally from the faithful discharge of public duties, for these must 
have my whole time. I said also that I desired them to regard themselves as 
not only entirely at liberty, but as requested, to withdraw my name from con- 
sideration wherever, in their judgment the public interest would be promoted 
by so doing. 

"The organization of the Committee, I presume, followed these conversa- 
tions; but I was not consulted about it; nor have I been consulted as to its 
action; nor do I even know who compose it. I have never wished that my name 
should have a moment's thought in comparison with the common cause of en- 
franchisement & restoration or be continued before public a moment after the 
indication of a preference by the friends of that cause for another. 

"I have thought this explanation due to you as well as to myself. If there is 
anything in my action or position which, in your judgment, will prejudice the 
public interest under my charge I beg you to say so. I do not wish to admin- 
ister the Treasury Department one day without your entire confidence. 

"For yourself I cherish sincere respect and esteem; and, permit me to add, 
affection. Differences of opinion as to administrative action have not changed 
these sentiments; nor have they been changed by assault upon me by persons 
who profess themselves to spread representations of your views and policy. 
You are not responsible for acts not your own; nor will you hold me respon- 
sible except for what I do or say myself. 

"Great numbers now desire your reelection. Should their wishes be fulfilled 
by the suffrages of the people I hope to carry with me, into private life the 
sentiments I now cherish, whole and unimpaired." (DLC-RTL). 

Chase's statement that he had no knowledge of the circular before it ap- 
peared in print is contradicted by a statement of James M. Winchell, author- 
in-fact of the circular, who wrote, in reply to Jacob W. Schuckers* Life and 
Public Services of Salmon Portland Chase (1874), a detailed account of the 
Pomeroy Committee which included the following: "Mr. Chase was informed 
of this proposed action and approved it fully. He told me himself that the ar- 
raignment of the Administration . . . was one which he thoroughly indorsed 
and would sustain. The circular was, therefore, sent out." (J. M. Winchell to 
editor, September 14, 1874, New York Times, September 15, 1874. Italics are 
in the source.) 

See further, Lincoln to Chase, February 29, infra. 

To Ozias M. Hatch 1 

"Cypher" 

Hon. O. M. Hatch Executive Mansion, 

Springfield, Ills. Washington, Feb. 23, 1864. 

I would be very glad, but really I do not perceive how I can 
reconcile the difficulty you mention. Will try to write you soon. 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. Lincoln's telegram was sent in reply to a "confidential" letter 
from Hatch, February 16, 1864: 

"Several of the friends of General [Richard J.] Oglesby, and Mr Dubois, 
Uncle Jesse would dislike very much to see an ugly contest between them, 
before the convention, for the nomination as candidate for governor. 

[201] 



FEBRUARY 23, 1864 

"They now appear to be more prominent than other candidates, both are 
qualified but one can be nominated. The succeeding four years may be 

as pregnant with great events as the last three years . . . and it is of the ut- 
most importance to the Government as well as to the State, that the interests of 
both, be entrusted to experienced hands. ... 

"For me, I feel certain, that Illinois is loyal, and will demonstrate it, not 
only in the' convention, but at the polls in November. I am certain that Jesse 
desires the nomination much, and knowing . . . there is no man more con- 
versant, with the affairs, or interests, of the state than he is I feel that they 
would be entirely safe, in his hands. . . . We are certain that you can, if you 
will, reconcile these difficulties, and hope you will do so. I say ive, because I 
have conversed with many of our friends upon the subject.'* (DLC-RTL). 

General Oglesby was nominated on May 25 by the Republican state conven- 
tion and was subsequently elected governor of Illinois over the Democratic 
candidate James C. Robinson. 

To Willie Smith 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
Master Willie Smith: February 23, 1864 

Your friend, Leroy C. Driggs, tells me you are a very earnest 
friend of mine, for which please allow me to thank you. You and 
those of your age are to take charge of this country when we 
older ones shall have gone; and I am glad to learn that you al- 
ready take so lively an interest in what just now so deeply con- 
cerns us. Yours truly, A. LINCOLN* 

1 Angle, p. 343. Angle's note is as follows: "Willie Smith was a lad some 
twelve years of age who had conceived an unusually strong admiration for 
Lincoln. Among his father's friends was Leroy C. Driggs, who told Lincoln of 
the boy's feeling for him." No further information has been found. 

Endorsement Concerning John Dickson 1 

February 24, 1864 

Owing to Mr. Dickson being a respectable citizen of Illinois, I sup- 
pose it was, that this claim or case, was brought to my notice even 
before the receipt of the corn was finally refused. I only remem- 
ber generally that my impression was that Mr. D. was being 
hardly dealt with. I think Major Belger himself so represented to 
me. I can only say now that I wish full and speedy justice to be 
done him. A. LINCOLN 

Feb. 24. 1864 

1 AES, owned by Harold C. Brooks, Marshall, Michigan. Lincoln's endorse- 
ment is written on a copy of H.R. 756, "A Bill for the benefit of John Dickson, 
of Illinois. . . . That the sum of twenty-three thousand dollars be paid to John 
Dickson ... to compensate him for the damages he sustained by reason of 
the failure of J. W. Belger, quartermaster of United States volunteers, to re- 
ceive one hundred thousand bushels of corn tendered . . . under a contract 
therefor. . . ." The bill passed and was approved by the president on March 
11, 1864. 

[202] 



Pass for Simon Cameron 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Washington, February 24, 1864. 

Pass Hon. Simon Cameron and friends to Fortress Monroe and 
return. A. LINCOLN 

1 DS, DLC-Cameron Papers. On February 8, Cameron wrote General Ben- 
jamin F. Butler, "Your letter of the 15th did not reach me till the a8th, and 
since my return home I have not been well enough to say when I can make 
you a visit. But I will try to come some time before this month ends. . . ." 
(Private and Official Correspondence of Benjamin F. Butler, III, 395. Butler's 
letter of the 15th has not been located.) 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War Executive Mansion, 

Dear Sir. Washington, Feb. 24. 1864. 

I will be personally obliged if the appointment of an Additional 
PayMaster shall be given to J. R. Freese, of New- Jersey. Yours 
truly A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, THaroL. No record of an appointment for Freese has been found. 

To Joseph K. Barnes 1 

February 25, 1864 

Surgeon General please have an examination made of Michael 
Mullins, Co. C Harris Light Cavalry, now at Army Square Hos- 
pital, with reference to his discharge for disability. 

Feb. 25. 1864 A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, NHi. No reply or further reference has been found. 

To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

February 25, 1864 

Major General Butler please see and hear Judge Pitts of Eastern 
Shore of Virginia. He wishes to do right, but meets some difficulty 
at a point which it is probable you can obviate. A. LINCOLN 
Feb. 25. 1864 

i ALS, RPB. Reverdy Johnson wrote Lincoln on February 24: "I take pleas- 
ure in introducing to you, Judge E. P. Pitts, of Va. who desires to see you on 
official business that he will explain. As a loyal gentleman he is most deserv- 
ing of your regard." (DLC-RTL). Judge Edward P Pitts of Northampton 
County, Virginia, had sent a memorial to the rebel legislature of Virginia in 
1861 stating his loyalty to the South (see OR, II, II, IV, 39-40, and passim), 

[203] 



To Salmon P. Chase 1 

Will see Mr. Bailey at 7. this evening 
Feb. 25, 1864 A - L - 

i AES, DLC-RTL. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a note from Secretary- 
Chase "Mr. Bailey has arrived and will wait on you this morning. I hope it 
will be convenient for you to see him." See Lincoln to Chase, February 12 and 
20, supra. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

February 25, 1864 

Let John Hatton, within alluded to, and in prison at Alton, be 
discharged. 

iCopy, DNA WR RG 107, Secretary of War, Letters Received, P 101, Reg- 
ister notation. This missing endorsement, according to the notation in the 
register, referred a letter of Francis P. Blair, Jr., requesting Hatton's release. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

February 25, 1864 

I am told there are one hundred colored men at Alexandria, Va. 
who wish to go to Massachusetts; with their own consent and the 
consent of Gov. Pierpoint, let them go. A. LiisrcoLisr 

Feby 25. 1864. 

1 Copy, DNA WR RG 94, AGO, Colored Troops Division, W 456. The copy 
of Lincoln's endorsement is preserved on a copy of the following letter from 
Governor Francis H. Peirpoint February 23, 1864: 

"Oliver C. Gibbs Esq of Massachusetts, by request of Gov. Andrew as he 
informs me, desires to recruit colored troops in Virginia: to fill a Massachu- 
setts regiment in that state. I dont see that I ought to object to it. I have no 
means to pay this or any other class of soldiers a bounty; and Mr Gibbs in- 
forms me that Massachusetts will pay them $300. Bounty. 

"There are other parties here, recruiting for other states, who I learn, ap- 
propriate or receive one half of the bounty given by their states, for enlisting. 
I think I ought to require all these parties to report to me and make satisfac- 
tory arrangements to secure to these helpless men their full bounty. Unless 
you advise otherwise I shall issue a notice to this effect and will respectfully 
ask that you will give aid in carrying it out if the parties prove refractory." 

See Lincoln to Andrew, February 18, supra. 

To Frederick Steele 1 

Major General Steele Washington, B.C., 

Little Rock, Arkansas. Feb. 25 1864 

General Sickles is not going to Arkansas. He probably will make 
a tour down the Mississippi, and home by the Gulf and ocean, but 

[204] 



FEBRUARY 26, 864 

he will not meddle in your affairs. At one time I did intend to 
have him call on you and explain more fully than I could do, 
by letter or Telegraph, so as to avoid a difficulty coming of my 
having made a plan here while the convention made one there, 
for re-organizing Arkansas, but even his doing that, has been 
given up for more than two weeks. Please show this to Gov. 
Murphy to save me Telegraphing him. A. LirsrcoLN 

1 ALS, RPB. See Lincoln to Sickles, February 15, supra. On February 24, 
Provisional Governor Isaac Murphy telegraphed Lincoln, "I hope you will not 
send General Sickles here, and if an order has been made to that effect that it 
may be revoked. His coming here would only be an annoyance and will do no 
good. Everything is working well. General Steele is doing everything that can 
be done." (OR, III, IV, 127-28). A second telegram of the same date signed by 
Murphy and Freeman Warner, chairman of the Executive Committee of 
Arkansas, reiterated the request (ibid.). 

To Telegraph Office 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Telegraph Office Washington, Feb. 25, 1864. 

Please show Gov. Johnson my despatch to some at at [sz'c] 
Nashville, Tenn. saying the oath prescribed by Gov. Johnson was 
to be followed & let the Gov. have a copy A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, DLC- Johnson Papers. See Lincoln's telegram to Jordan, February 21, 
supra. 

To Henry D. Terry 1 

Commanding Officer, Executive Mansion, 

Johnson's Island: Washington, February 25, 1864. 

Suspend execution of death sentence of John Marrs until further 
orders and forward record for examination. A. LINCOLN. 

Major Eckert: 

Please send the above dispatch. JNO. G. NICOLAY, 

Private Secretary. 

1 Tarbell (Appendix), p. 417. No reply or further reference has been found. 

To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Major General Butler Executive Mansion 

Fort-Monroe, Va. Washington, Feb. 26, 1864 

I can not remember at whose request it was that I gave the pass 
to Mrs. Bulkley. Of course detain her, if the evidence of her be- 
ing a spy is strong against her. A. LINCOLN 

[205] 



FEBRUARY 26, 1864 

1 ALS RPB General Butler telegraphed on February 25: "Mrs Bulldey, to 
whom you gave a pass to go through the lines, is charged upon strong evi- 
dence of being a spy. I have detained her for investigation. Is this right?'* 
(DLC-RTL). Mrs. Bulkley has not been identified. 

To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Major-General Butler, Executive Mansion, 

Fort Monroe: Washington, February 26, 1864. 

If it has not already been done, suspend execution of death 
sentence of William K. Stearns, Tenth New Hampshire Volun- 
teers, until further orders and forward record. A. LiisrcoLisr. 

Major Eckert: 

Please send the above dispatch. JNO. G. NICOLAY, 

Private Secretary. 

iTarbell (Appendix), p. 418. Butler replied on the same day: "The Pres. is 
respy informed that no death sentence will be executed in this Dept. for deser- 
tion only without his assent 

"As I understand it to be his policy not to have such executions 

"The record in the Stearns case is already forwarded." (DLC-Butler Papers). 

The roster of Company A, Tenth New Hampshire Volunteers, lists William 
KL. Stearns as mustered out June 21, 1865. 

Endorsements Concerning Robert T. Van Horn 1 

Submitted to Gen. Rosecrans. A. LiisrcoLisr 
Feb. 26. 1864 

As the Sec. of War does not approve the above submission, let the 
paper be filed. A. LINCOLN 

March 2. 1864 

* AES, IHi. Lincoln's endorsements are written on a letter from Governor 
Willard P. Hall of Missouri, February 9, 1864, asking that Lieutenant Colonel 
Robert T. Van Horn, Twenty-fifth Missouri Infantry, who was also a member 
of the State senate from Jackson County, be authorized to raise a brigade. 

To William Jayne 1 

Hon. W. Jayne Executive Mansion, 

Dear Sir: Washington, February 26, 1864. 

I dislike to make changes in office so long as they can be avoided. 
It multiplies my trouble and harrassment immensely. I dislike to 
make two appointments when one will do. Send me the name of 
some man, not the present Marshal, and I will nominate him to 
be Provost-Marshal for Dakota. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

[206] 



FEBRUARY 26, 1864 

i ALS, owned by Perry Jayne, Springfield, Illinois. Petitions for the removal 
of George P. Waldron, provost marshal for Dakota Territory, were submitted 
by unconditional Union men of Dakota on September 9, 1863, and January 11, 
1864 (DLC-RTL). Letters from William Jayne, congressional delegate from 
the territory (February 3), Representative Asahel W. Hubbard of Iowa (Feb- 
ruary 27), and James M. Edmunds of the General Land Office (February 28), 
recommended appointment of George M. Pinney, U.S. Marshal for the Ter- 
ritory, to replace Waldron as provost marshal. Although orders removing 
Waldron and appointing Pinney under date of March 2 were sent to Lincoln 
by James B. Fry on March 4, Lincoln merely filed the letter with the endorse- 
ment "William Jayne about Dakotah affairs." On April 21, Fry wrote Nico- 
lay, "I enclose herewith, a letter from Capt. George M. Pinney, dated Yankton 
D.T. April ist. 1864, by which it will be seen, that his appointment as Provost 
Marshal, Dakota Territory, had not reached him at that date. It was forwarded 
to His Excellency the Present, on the 4th. of March last, and the revocation 
of the appointment of Mr Waldron as Provost Marshal of Dakota Territory, 
was also forwarded at the same time, as directed by the President. Can you 
give me any information as to when and where they were mailed. . . ." 
(Ibid.). 

No reply has been found, but Waldron remained in office until honorably 
discharged on May 20, 1865. See Lincoln to Bates, March i, infra, concerning 
the replacement of Pinney as U.S. marshal. 



Memorandum Concerning Benjamin F. Butler 1 

February 26, 1864 

Col Shaffer has been conversing with me and I have said to him 
that Genl Butler has my confidence in his ability and fidelity to 
the country and to ra# and I wish him sustained in all his efforts 
in our great common cause subject only to the same supervisions 
which the Government must take with all Department Command- 
ers A LINCOLN 
Feby 26. 1864 

1 Copy, DLC-Butler Papers. The copy of Lincoln's memorandum 'was en- 
closed with a letter to Butler from Colonel John W. Shaffer, Butler's chief of 
staff, dated "Saturday Morning" (February 27, 1864): 

"I yester[day] had a long and very satisfactory talk with Mr Lincoln and I 
think I have done all I came to do. I inclose you a copy of the statement 
Mr L. made on paper, he talked very decidedly in your favor 

"I will try and arrange business at War Office to day, and get home Monday 
or Tuesday." 

As printed in Private and Official Correspondence of Benjamin F. Butler, 
IV, 547-48, Shaffer's letter is dated July 27, 1864, and Lincoln's enclosure July 
26, 1864. In the absence of Lincoln's original memorandum, the date cannot 
be certified, but a letter from Butler to Lincoln, February 24, 1864, seems to 
confirm the February date by requesting a statement of Lincoln's confidence. 
Jared D. Thompson of New Haven, Connecticut, had sworn under oath that 
Lincoln said "I think you agree with me that General Butler is not fit to have 
a command." Butler continued, "My only desire is that the President will say 
that this supposed conversation did not take place, so that I may properly pun- 
ish this retailer of slander. . . ." (Op. cit. 9 III, 464-65). 

[207] 



Order Commuting Sentence of Deserters 1 

General Orders, No. 76. 
War Department, Adjutant-General's Off! 

Washington, February 26, 1864. 

Sentence of Deserters. 

The President directs that the sentences of all deserters, who 
have been condemned by Court Martial to death, and that have 
not been otherwise acted upon by him, be mitigated to imprison- 
ment during the war, at the Dry Tortugas, Florida, where they 
will be sent under suitable guards by orders from army command- 
ers. 

The Commanding Generals, who have power to act on pro- 
ceedings of Courts Martial in such cases, are authorized in special 
cases to restore to duty deserters under sentence, when in their 
judgment the service will be thereby benefited. 

Copies of all orders issued under the foregoing instructions will 
be immediately forwarded to the Adjutant General and to the 
Judge Advocate General. 

By order of the Secretary of War: E. D. TOWNSEND, 

Assistant Adjutant-General. 

1 AGO General Orders No. 76, February 26, 1864. If Lincoln issued his di- 
rection in writing, the document has not been discovered, but the explicit nature 
of the order dictates its inclusion here. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir. Washington, Feb. 26, 1864. 

Allow Howard D. O'Neill, now a prisoner at Old Capitol Prison 
to take the oath of Dec. 8. and be discharged. Yours truly 

A. 



1 ALS, DLC-Hitchcock Papers. The letter is endorsed by Stanton referring 
to "Major Genl Hitchcock to execute this order." Howard D. O'Neill of Ohio 
was a supporter of Clement L. Vallandigham. 

To John W. Davidson 1 

Gen. Davidson Washington, B.C., 

Cairo, Ills. Feb. 27. 1864 

Whether you shall visit Washington I must submit to the Gen- 
eral-in-chief A 



1 ALS, RPB. Brigadier General John W. Davidson was relieved of his com- 
mand at Little Rock, Arkansas, by request of General Frederick Steele to Hal- 
leek, January 28, 1864: "... I ask authority to relieve General Davidson 

[208] 



FEBRUARY 27, 1864 

from my command. He is the only discordant element in it. He will intrigue 
against me." (OR, I, XXXIV, II, 175). On February 26, Davidson telegraphed 
Lincoln from Cairo, Illinois: 

"I desire to come to Washn. I have facts to lay before the Judge Advo- 
cate General I have been relieved of a command I had formed & no reason 
assigned known to me. I have to send you the following telegram from Gov. 
Murphy I did not send it from Little Rock because I did not wish to add to 

your anxiety about the discords there 'Little Rock Ark, Feby 15th. 1864 

To A. Lincoln Prest U.S. 

" 'Genl Davidson is a true man & soldier a patriot in whom the uncondi- 
tional Union men of Arkansas trust with unlimited confidence any action 
against him will be against the Union Element here & against your own pol- 
icy. This, an investigation will show. Isaac Murphy Pro. Gover. of Arkansas' I 
cannot do duty with Honor until this question of the insult put upon me by 
Genl Steele be investigated. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 

On June 26, 1864, General Davidson was placed in command as chief of 
cavalry in the Military Division of the West Mississippi. 

To Edward H. East 1 

Hon E. H. East Washington, 

Secretary of State, Nashville, Tenn.: February 27, 1864. 

Your telegram of the 26th instant asking for a copy of my dis- 
patch to Warren Jordan, esq., at Nashville Press office, has just 
been referred to me by Governor Johnson. In my reply to Mr. 
Jordan, which was brief and hurried, I intended to say that in the 
county and State elections of Tennessee the oath prescribed in 
the proclamation of Governor Johnson on the 26th of January, 
1864, ordering an election in Tennessee on the first Saturday in 
March next, is entirely satisfactory to me as a test of loyalty of 
all persons proposing or offering to vote in said elections, and 
coming from him would better be observed and followed. There 
is no conflict between the oath of amnesty in my proclamation of 
8th December, 1863, and that prescribed by Governor Johnson in 
his proclamation of the 26th ultimo. No person -who has taken the 
oath of amnesty of 8th December, 1863, and obtained a pardon 
thereby, and who intends to observe the same in good faith, should 
have any objection to taking that prescribed by Governor Johnson 
as a test of loyalty. I have seen and examined Governor Johnson's 
proclamation, and am entirely satisfied with his plan, which is to 
restore the State government and place it under the control of citi- 
zens truly loyal to the Government of the United States. 

A. LmcoLisr. 

Please send above for Governor Johnson. 2 A. L. 

1 OR, III, IV, 141. See Lincoln's note to the Telegraph Office, February 25, 
and telegram to Jordan, February 21, supra. 

2 In the source Lincoln's telegram to East is followed by a certification 

[209] 



FEBRUARY 27, 1864 

signed by Charles A. Tinker, March i, 1864, and a postscript by Andrew 

Johnson: . ,. , 

"I certify that the above telegram is a verbatim copy of a dispatch for- 
warded this day to Nashville, Tenn., and now on file in this office. 

"CHAS. A. TINKER, 

"Cipher Clerk. 

"P.S Please send copy of foregoing telegram to James B. Bingham, Memphis, 

Tenn., and oblige, ANDREW JOHNSON 

"Military Governor of Tennessee." 

Memorandum: Appointment of George W. Pyle 1 

I specially desire this case to be called to my attention when we 
act upon this class of cases. A. LINCOLN 

Feb. 27. 1864 
West-Point. 

1AES, DNA WB RG 94, U.S. Military Academy, 1864, No. 128. George 
W. Pyle of College Hill, Ohio, appointed at large, entered \Vest Point on July 
i, 1864, and graduated in 1868. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Secretary of War. Executive Mansion, 

Sir Washington, Feb. 27, 1864. 

You ask some instruction from me in relation to the Report of 
Special Commission, 2 constituted by an order of the War Depart- 
ment, dated Dec. 5 1863, " to revise the enrolment & quotas of 
the City & State of New- York, & report whether there be any & 
what errors, or irregularities therein, and what corrections, if any 
should be made." [The aspect of this case, as presented by this 
order and report, is entirely new to me, I having personally known 
nothing of the order, commission, or report, until now presented 
for my consideration.] In the correspondence between the Gov- 
ernor of New- York and myself last summer, I understood him to 
complain that the enrolments in several of the Districts of that 
State had been neither accurately nor honestly made; and, in 
view of this I for the draft then immediately ensuing, ordered an 
arbitrary reduction of the quotas in several of the Districts, where- 
in they seemed too large, [for the draft then immediately ensu- 
ing,] and said "After this drawing these four Districts and also the 
seventeenth and twentyninth shall be carefully re-enrolled, and, if 
you please, agents of yours may witness every step of the process" 
In a subsequent letter I believe some additional Districts were put 
into the list of those to be re-enrolled. My idea was to do the work 
over, according to the law, in presence of the complaining party, 
and thereby to correct anything which might be found amiss. The 

[210] 



FEBRUARY 27, 864 

Commission, whose work I am considering, seem to have pro- 
ceeded upon a totally different idea. Not going forth to find men 
at all, they have proceeded altogether upon paper examinations 
and mental processes. One of their conclusions, as I understand is, 
that as the law stands, and attempting to follow it, the e[n] rolling 
officers could not have made the enrolments much more accurately 
than they did. The report, on this point, might be useful to Con- 
gress. 

The Commission conclude that the quotas for the draft should 
be based upon entire population, and they proceed upon this basis 
to give a table for the State of New- York, in which some districts 
are reduced, and some increased. For the now ensuing draft, let 
the quotas stand as made by the enrolling officers, in the Districts 
wherein this table requires them to be increased; and let them be 
reduced according to the table, in the others. This to be no prece- 
dent for subsequent action; but as I think this report may, on full 
consideration, be shown to have much that is valuable in it, I 
suggest that such consideration be given it; and that it be especial- 
ly considered whether it's suggestions can be conformed to without 
an alteration of the law. Yours truly A. LIN-COLT* 

1 ALS, DLC-Stanton Papers. Portions enclosed in brackets appear as deleted 
in the manuscript, presumably by Lincoln. As printed in the Official Records 
(III, IV, 139-40) this letter is endorsed by Stanton on February 27, 1864: 
"Referred to Colonel Fry . . . with directions to make the ensuing draft in 
New York in conformity with the instructions of the President, herein con- 
tained." 

2 Members of the commission were: William F. Allen of New York, John 
Love of Indiana, and Chauncey Smith of Massachusetts. 

To George H. Thomas 1 

Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas, Executive Mansion, 

Department of Cumberland: Washington, February 27, 1864. 

Suspend execution of death sentence of F. W. Lanferseick, first 2 
corporal, Company D, One hundred and sixth Regiment Ohio 
Volunteers, until further orders, and forward record for examin- 
ation. A. LINCOLN. 

Major Eckert: 

Please send the above dispatch. JNO. G. NICOLAY, 

Private Secretary. 

iTarbell (Appendix), p. 418. Headquarters Department of the Cumberland, 
General Orders No. *o 9 January 10, 1864, lists Corporal F. W. Lanferseick to 
be shot for desertion. 

2 An error which occurred because Corporal Lanferseick was listed first of 
the two men sentenced: "ist. Cpl. F. W. Lanferseick." 

[211] 



To Lorenzo Thomas 1 

Gen. L. Thomas Washington, B.C., 

Louisville, Ky. Feb - 28 * l86 4- 

I see your despatch of yesterday to the Sec. of War. I wish you 
would go to the Mississippi river at once, and take hold of, and be 
master in, the contraband and leasing business. You understand 
it better than any other man does. Mr. Mellen's 2 system doubtless 
is well intended; but, from what I hear, I fear that, if persisted 
in, it would fall dead within it's own entangling details. Go there, 
and be the judge. A Mr. Lewis 8 will probably follow you with 
something from me on this subject, but do not wait for him. Nor 
is this to induce you to violate or neglect any Military order from 
the General-in-Chief, or Secretary of War. A. LINTCOLTST 

1 ALS, RPB. On February 27, Lorenzo Thomas telegraphed Stanton: "I ar- 
rived here this morning. In my letter of the ist instant I requested instruc- 
tions respecting the First Artillery Regiment Colored Troops, to be raised at 
Paducah, Ky. Shall I proceed with its organization? I will await your instruc- 
tions here. It is very important that I should proceed down the Mississippi as 
soon as possible. ... If the Treasury agent should insist on carrying out his 
regulations for leasing abandoned plantations and furnishing hands, none of 
the blacks can be provided for. If, however, the scale of wages and the rogula- 
tions adopted by Superintendent Eaton [John Eaton, superintendent of Freed- 
men], approved by Major-General Grant and myself, be adopted, and the 
control be continued by the military authorities, there is yet time to lease 
plantations by the Treasury agent and provide for a vast amount of labor. May 
I request an early reply? . . ." (OR, III, IV, 138). 

2 William P. Mellen, treasury agent. 

8 See Lincoln's letter to Alpheus Lewis, January 23, supra. 

To George Bancroft 1 

Hon. George Bancroft Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, Feb. 29. 1864. 

Herewith is the copy of the manuscript which you did me the 
honor to request. Yours truly A. LINCOLN*. 

1 ALS-P, ISLA. No letter of Bancroft requesting the manuscript of the 
Gettysburg Address has been discovered. Perhaps he made the request in per- 
son, on behalf of the committee for the Baltimore Sanitary Fair. See notes to 
the Gettysburg Address, November 19, 1863, supra. 

To Salmon R Chase 1 

Hon. Secretary of the Treasury Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, February 29. 1864. 

I would have taken time to answer yours of the 22nd. sooner, 
only that I did not suppose any evil could result from the delay, 
especially as, by a note, I promptly acknowledged] the receipt of 

[212] 



FEBRUARY 2Q, 864 

yours, and promised a fuller answer. Now, on consideration, I find 
there is really very little to say. My knowledge of Mr. Pomeroy's 
letter having been made public came to me only the day you 
wrote; but I had, in spite of myself, known of it's existence several 
days before. I have not yet read it, and I think I shall not. I was 
not shocked, or surprised by the appearance of the letter, because 
I had had knowledge of Mr. Pomeroy's Committee, and of secret 
issues which I supposed came from it, and of secret agents who 
I supposed were sent out by it, for several weeks. I have known 
just as little of these things as my own friends have allowed me 
to know. They bring the documents to me, but I do not read them 
they tell me what they think fit to tell me, but I do not inquire 
for more. I fully concur with you that neither of us can be justly 
held responsible for what our respective friends may do without 
our instigation or countenance; and I assure you, as you have 
assured me, that no assault has been made upon you by my in- 
stigation, or with my countenance. 

Whether you shall remain at the head of the Treasury Depart- 
ment is a question which I will not allow myself to consider from 
any stand-point other than my judgment of the public service; 
and, in that view, I do not perceive occasion for a change. Yours 
truly A. LINCOLN- 

1ALS (copy or ADfS?), DLC-RTL. See Lincoln to Chase, February 23, 
supra. 

To John A. Dix 1 

Major General Dix Executive Mansion, 

New- York Washington, Feb. 29, 1864. 

Do you advise that John McKee, now in Military confinement 
at Fort-Lafayette, be turned over to the Civil authorities? 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. No reply or further reference to John McKee has been dis- 
covered. 

Draft of Order Concerning Samuel L. Casey 1 

Washington D.C. Feb 29 1864 

Whereas Samuel L Casey of Kentucky has made the following 
statements to me that John Bishop John Ray, S. Baker S. C. 
Floyd Thos M Watts and John B Shepard of Louisiana Thos. 
S. Halloway and Joseph Turnage of Arkansas William Butler of 
Illinois and him self and Peter Casey all Loyal men are the own- 
ers of a large amount of cotton on the Red River and its tributar- 

[213] 



FEBRUARY 2 Q, 1864 

ies. Some of the cotton is with in our Military lines and a good 
deal within our trading lines, but all will have to pass into the 
Red River to reach a market or a place of safety and as orders 
have been given by the commander of the confederate forces of 
that Department to destroy all the cotton should the Federal army 
attempt to occupy that part of the country, believing that it 
would be a public injury to have the cotton destroyed, and having 
confidence in the integrity and ability of William Butler of Illi- 
nois and Samuel L Casey of Kentucky they are hereby authorised 
to take charge of by the consent of the owners and to convey 
to market or a place of safety said cotton under the regulations 
governing trade in the insurrectionary states adopted 23 of Janu- 
ary 1864 and may sell the same receiving payment in full except 
the fees and taxes charged by the Treasury Department and all 
Military and Naval commanders are hereby directed to give all 
Steam Boats in charge of said Butler or Casey all necessary pro- 
tection to and from their places of destination 

1 Df, DLC-RTL. The draft is by Casey. Although there is no record of Lin- 
coln's having issued such an order, the order given to Casey on December 14, 
1863, supra, and a letter from Casey to Lincoln February 25, 1864 (DLC- 
RTL) suggest the probability that Lincoln may have signed such an order on 
February 29, 1864. 

To the House of Representatives 1 

To the House of Representatives: February 29, 1864 

In answer to the Resolution of the House of Representatives of 
the 26th. instant, I transmit herewith a report from the Secretary 
of War relative to the re-enlistment of Veteran Volunteers. 
Washington, ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

February 2gth. 1864. 

1 DS, DNA RG 233, House Executive Document No. 44. Stanton reported 
that "it would be prejudicial to the public service to transmit ... at the pres- 
ent time, the information requested." 

To Frederick F. Low 1 

Gov. Lowe. Executive Mansion, Washington, 

My dear Sir Feb. 29, 1864. 

Judge Hughes of the Claims Court here, has a Step-Son 
William B. Barnes, a private in a California regiment, and now 
at Benicia Barracks, whom he wishes appointed a Captain in his 
regiment or some other if possible; and I shall be personally 
obliged if you will make the appointment. Yours truly 

A 

[214] 



MARC H 1, 1864 

1ALS, Archives and Central Record Depository, Sacramento, California. 
William B. Barnes, stepson of Judge James Hughes, -was promoted to second 
lieutenant of Company E, Sixth California Infantry on May 23, 1864, and re- 
signed on November 15, 1864. 

To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States: February [29], 1864 

I communicate to the Senate herewith, for its constitutional 
action thereon, the articles of agreement and convention made 
and concluded at the city of Washington, on the 25th day of the 
present month, by and between William E Dole as commissioner 
on the part of the United States, and the duly authorized delegates 
of the Swan Creek and Black River Chippewas, and the Munsees 
or Christian Indians in Kansas. ABRAHAM LINCOLJN-. 

Executive Mansion, February , 1864. 

1 Executive Journal, XIII, 427. This communication was received by the 
Senate on February 29, 1864. Referred to the committee on Indian affairs the 
treaty was reported without amendment on April 7, 1864, but failed to be 
ratified. 



To Cadwallader C. Washburn 1 

Maj. Genl. C. C. Washburne 
La Crosse, Wis. 

Your leave is extended twenty days. A. 
Feb. 29. 1864 

l LS-P, ISLA. Only the date and signature of this telegram are in Lincoln's 
handwriting. See Lincoln to Washburn, January 23, supra. 

To Edward Bates 1 

Hon. Attorney General Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, March i, 1864. 

Please send me a nomination for John C. Smart to be Marshal 
for Dakota Territory in place of George M. Pinney, transferred 
to be Provost-Marshal. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, DNA GE RG 60, Papers of the Attorney General, Segregated Lin- 
coln Material. See Lincoln to Jayne, February 26, supra. On February 27, 
J. P. Williston, U.S. Judge, Dakota Territory, recommended John C. Smart to 
William Jayne, and Jayne forwarded Williston's letter to Lincoln with his own 
endorsement that "He has been the deputy marshal for five years past he 
will make an honest & efficient officer." (DLC-RTL). A letter of nomination 
for Smart, March 2, 1864, never signed or sent to the Senate, is in the Lincoln 
Papers. 

[215] 



To James G. Benton 1 

I do not sign the above in the form written; and yet if it can be 
conveniently done I shall be obliged. A. LINCOLN 

March i. 1864 

i AES, owned by Louis B. Souter, Long Beach, California. Lincoln's endorse- 
ment is written on an order to Captain James G. Benton, Washington Arsenal, 
which is as follows: "You will finish the trial of the Absterdam projectile by 
fireing the shell with time fuses for my friend A. C. Dickson and report im- 
mediately to Brigr Genl Ramsey." See further, Lincoln to Ramsay, March 7 
and 10, infra. 

Memorandum: Appointment of Henry R Torsey 1 

[c. March i, 1864] 

The Vice-President says I promised to make this appointment, & I 
suppose I must make it. 

*AE, DNA FS RG 59, Appointments, Box 393. Lincoln's endorsement is 
written on a letter from Hannibal Hamlin, March i, 1864, recommending 
Henry P. Torsey of Readfield, Maine, for appointment as secretary of "one of 
the Territories." Torsey's appointment as secretary of Montana was confirmed 
by the Senate on June 22, 1864. 



Memorandum Concerning Charles Garretson 1 

[c. March i, 1864] 
A 

York Union League says G. is "ultra copperhead' 9 & has no sym- 
pathy with the Government. Appoints under him, "bitter ene- 
mies" Calvin B. Rhoads, George L. Jacoby, William Garretson. 
Martin Quinn & Joseph Ruby. 

B 

Hon. Thadeus Stevens says he is well acquainted with G. & sub- 
ordinates that he has always been disloyal since the war began, 

C 

Union League says G's bondsmen are copperheads that he, G. 
left the State rather than vote for Curtin and was outspoken, 
loud-mouthed copperhead has made money out of his position. 

D. 

H. H. Jacobs says, G's partizans knocked down and dragged tc 
prison, soldiers for cheering for Lincoln and Curtin, and that Cal- 
vin Rhoads and Martin Quinn were Marshals & participated ir 
it that George L. Jacoby painted carricatures of L & C, thai 
William Garretson cheered Early's men when they marched 

[216] 



MARCH 1, 1864 

through York that G. very well knew these men & got his bonds- 
men by promising to take these men in his employ, that G's own 
language proves him as disloyal as any man can be. 

E 
Resolutions of Copperhead conventions not naming G. 

F. 
Mr. Edmunds letter transmitting papers. 

1 AD, DLC-RTL. James M. Edmunds, Grand President, Union League of 
America, wrote Stanton on March i, 1864, forwarding testimony concerning 
the disloyalty of Captain Charles Garretson, assistant quartermaster, furnished 
by the Union League of York, Pennsylvania, and others. On March 5, Garret- 
son was "By direction of the President . . . dismissed the service of the United 
States . . . for disloyalty to the Government" (AGO Special Orders No. 
See further, Lincoln's note to Stanton, March 7, infra. 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, March, i, 1864. 

A poor widow, by the name of Baird, has a son in the Army, 
that for some offence has been sentenced to serve a long time 
without pay, or at most, with very little pay. I do not like this 
punishment of withholding pay it falls so very hard upon poor 
families. After he has been serving in this way for several months, 
at the tearful appeal of the poor Mother, I made a direction that 
he be allowed to enlist for a new term, on the same conditions as 
others. She now comes, and says she can not get it acted upon. 
Please do it. Yours truly A LINCOLN 

1 ALS, IHi. See Lincoln to Stanton, August 12, 1863, supra. Isaac E Baird 
was transferred to the One Hundred Eighty-third Pennsylvania Volunteers on 
July 19, 1864, and served until discharged on May 30, 1865. 



To Lorenzo Thomas 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Genl. L. Thomas: Washington, March i, 1864. 

This introduces Mr. Lewis, mentioned in my despatch sent you 
at Louisville some days ago. I have but little personal acquaint- 
ance with him; lout he has the confidence of several members of 
Congress here who seem to know him well. He hopes to be useful, 
without charge to the government, in facilitating the introduction 
of the free-labor system on the Mississippi plantations. He is ac- 
quainted with, and has access to, many of the planters who wish 

[217] 



MARCH 2, 1864 

to adopt this system. He will show you two letters of mine on 
this subject, one somewhat general, and the other relating to 
named persons. They are not different in principle. He will also 
show you some suggestions coming from some of the planters 
themselves. I desire that all I promise in these letters so far as 
practicable, may be, in good faith, carried out, and that sugges- 
tions from the planters may be heard, and adopted, so far as they 
may not contravene the principles stated, nor justice, or fairness 
to the laborers. I do not herein intend to over-rule your own ma- 
ture judgment on any point. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

l ADf S, DLC-RTL. See Lincoln's letters to Thomas, February 28, and to 
Lewis, Field and Clay, January 23, supra. On March 30, Lorenzo Thomas 
wrote Lincoln as follows: 

"A short time since Mr A. Lewis presented a letter from you to me at 
Vicksburg introducing him as a capable person to facilitate me in my opera- 
tions regarding the plantation system, as carried on in this region of coun- 
try I conferred with Mr Lewis at length and assured him that any arrange- 
ment that he and Mr [William K] Mellen, the Supervising agent might make 
to carry out the views of the Administration would be sustained by me. With 
this understanding Mr Lewis proceeded up the river to confer with Mr Mellen. 
To-day I received a second visit from Mr Lewis, and also a communication 
from Mr. Mellen. From the letter I understand that Mr Lewis has promised 
to insure planters owning their own estates protection, but that he proposes 
to tax each of them five per cent on the crops raised by them in consideration 
of such protection being given, and for his services in consideration therewith. 

"My plan is to encourage all to cultivate their estates, and to afford protec- 
tion as far as it can properly be given, they working under the system adopted; 
and I cannot admit the policy of their paying for any protection given, to any 
individual, and therefore I cannot sanction Mr Lewis' plan Indeed I desire 
no assistance outside of the Treasury Agents, and the Military authorities now 
charged with the work. It seems to me that Mr Lewis' plan is a selfish one, 
having his own interest at stake, and I can hardly suppose he fully explained 
his views to you" (DLC-RTL) . 

On April 13, John Hay wrote Thomas: 

"The President directs me to acknowledge the receipt of your favor of the 
30th March, and to state in reply that Mr Lewis has no authorization from 
him for any such purpose as you mention. He gave to Mr Lewis a letter in- 
troducing him to you, at the request of some very respectable gentlemen from 
Kentucky, and here his responsibility for Mr Lewis terminated. 

"The President does not wish you to be hampered in the execution of your 
duties by any consideration of the letter given by himself to Mr. Lewis." 
(Ibid.) 

To Edward Bates 1 

If Attorney-General concurs, let a pardon be made out in this case. 
March. 2. 1864 A. LINCOLN 



CSmH. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter of Reuben 
Shultz, Gentry County, Missouri, to Representative Austin A. King, January 
21, 1864, asking executive clemency. Shultz had been a member of the Seces- 
sion Legislature at Neosho, Missouri, in 1861. 

[218] 



To Edward Bates 1 

Attorney General please send nomination according to the within 
March 2. 1864. A. LINCOLN 

1AES, DNA GE RG 60, Papers of Attorney General, Segregated Lincoln 
Material. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter signed by Henry B. 
Anthony and others, March 2, 1864, asking appointment of Robert Sherman of 
Pawtucket, Rhode Island, as U.S. Marshal. See Lincoln to Bates, March 5, 
infra. 

To Daniel Breck 1 

Judge D. Breck Executive Mansion 

Richmond, Ky Washington, March 2, 1864 

I have directed the officer at Knoxville to allow Mrs. Rumsey 2 to 
come to you. A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. Judge Daniel Breck wrote Representative William H. Randall 
on February 22, 1864: "My Daughter, Anna Maria Ramsey, the wife of Dr. 
F. A. Ramsey, with her six daughters, ... is now at his residence in Knox- 
ville, Ten. Her Husband is a Medical Director their only son an officer in the 
Rebel Army. She has been ordered to leave with her children & go South 
within the rebel lines, having failed to take the oath. . . . The order has been 
temporarily suspended. She was willing to take the oath with the consent of 
her husband, but being a loyal wife she doubted the propriety of doing so 
without it. To obtain his consent is impracticable, for even if willing, he could 
not safely give it in his present situation, I think the most desirable & natural 
shelter for her & her children under the circumstances is her father's roof 
and indeed the safest for the Union cause, as you know her father is a Union 
man. . . ." (DLC-RTL). See Lincoln to Tillson, infra. 

2 Presumably Lincoln misspelled the name here as well as in the telegram 
to Tillson. Judge Breck's letter clearly reads *'Ramsey." 

To Joseph Holt 1 

Judge Advocate General please examine and report on this case. 
March 2. 1864 A. LINCOLN 

1 AES, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, MM 977. Lincoln's en- 
dorsement is written on the record of John O'Connell of Cincinnati, sentenced 
to be hanged for disloyal practice.- O'Connell claimed to be an alien. See fur- 
ther, Lincoln's endorsement to Holt, April 27, infra. 

To George G. Meade 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Major-General Meade: Washington, March 2, 1864. 

Suspend execution of the death sentence of James Whelan, One 
hundred and sixteenth Pennsylvania Volunteers, until further or- 
ders and forward record for examination. A. LINCOLN. 

[219] 



MARCH 2, 1864 

Major Eckert: 

Please send the above dispatch. JNO. G. NICOLAY, 

Private Secretary. 

* Tarbell (Appendix) , p. 419. On March 3, General Meade replied to Lin- 
coln's telegram: 

"You telegraphed me yesterday to suspend the death sentence of private 
James Wheelan n6th Penna Vols. & to forward the records for examination. 

"I have ascertained that Wheelan has been tried by court martial & ac- 
quitted." (DLC-RTL). 

To the New England Kitchen 1 

Executive Mansion, March 2, 1864. 
To the New-England Kitchen, connected with the 
Brooklyn Sanitary Fair: 

It is represented to me that my autograph, appended to this note, 
may somewhat augment, through the means you are so patrioti- 
cally employing, the contributions for the benefit of our gallant 
and suffering soldiers, and for such an object I am glad to give it. 
Yours, truly, A. LUSTCOLTST. 

1 The Drum Beat (Brooklyn Sanitary Fair), March 5, 1864. According to 
the source, Lincoln's original autograph letter was sold at the Fair on March 4, 
1864, for one hundred dollars, to C. H. Mallory, Mystic Bridge, Connecticut. 

To Davis Tillson 1 

Officer in Command Executive Mansion, 

at Knoxville, Tenn. Washington, March 2. 1864. 

Allow Mrs. Anne Maria Rumsey, with her six daughters, to 
go to her father, Judge Breck, at Richmond, Kentucky. 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. Brigadier General Davis Tillson was the ranking officer at 
Knoxville and was assigned to command the defenses of Knoxville in April. 
See Lincoln to Breck, supra. 

To Edward Bates 1 

Hon. Attorney General Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, March 3. 1864. 

Please send me a nomination for James S. Emory of Kansas to 
be District Attorney for Kansas. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, DNA GE RG 60, Papers of Attorney General, Segregated Lincoln 
Material. James S. Emory's appointment was confirmed by the Senate on 
March 18. As listed in the U.S. Official Register, 1865, his name is given as 
James S. Amory." 

[220] 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

c the Secretary of War concurs, let Coin E W Serrell visit 
shington to examine Pontoons. A LIISTCOLIST. 

larch sd. 1864. 

Hopy, DLC-RTL. The copy is preserved in a letter from Joseph Francis, 
ch 4, 1864, relating that on the other side of the card bearing Lincoln's 
, Stanton wrote as follows: "The Secretary does not deem it expedient to 
nit Coin Serrell to visit Washington for the purpose within mentioned, hut 
he contrary thinks it highly injurious to the service to grant such applica- 
3." Colonel Edward W. Serrell was in command of the First New York 
ineers. Joseph Francis has not been identified. 



To Frederick Steele 1 

.jor General Steele Washington, D.C., 

tie-Rock, Ark. March 3. 1864 

fours including Address to People of Arkansas, is received. I 
Drove the address and thank you for it. Yours in relation to 
Hard M. Randolph also received. 2 Let him take the oath of Dec. 
.nd go to work for the new constitution, and on your notifying 
of it, I will immediately issue the special pardon for him. 

A. LINCOLN 

ALS, RPB. The text of Steele's address contained in his telegram of 
rch 2 is as follows: 

the People of Arkansas: 

It affords the Genl commanding the highest gratification to be able to say 
t, by the conduct of the army under his command, in connection -with the 
ministration of the Government by its officers at Washington, peace has, so 

been restored in your midst as to enable you to institute proceedings for 

restoration of the civil government, by which order may be firmly estab- 
ied and the rights of persons and property secured against violence and the 
igers of anarchy. 

'The convention of your citizens held at Little Rock during the last month, 
; adopted a constitution and submitted it to you for your approval or rejec- 
i. That constitution is based upon the principles of freedom and it is for 
i now to say by your voluntary and unbiased action whether it shall be 
xr fundamental law, while it may have deficits in the main in accordance 
th the views of that portion of the people who have been resisting the 
tricidal war which has been made during the last three years to overthrow 
s government of our country. 

'The convention has fixed the 4th day of March next on which to decide 
s great question and the General commanding is only following the in- 
uctions of his government when he says to you that every facility will be 
ixed for the expression of your sentiments uninfluenced by any considera- 
ns save those which effect your own interests and those of your posterity, 
you will now institute a government of your own, he feels great confidence 
assuring you that quiet and security will soon be restored to your Eastern 
rders. Those who have been unwisely led by the counsel of bad men to en- 
ge in the unjustifiable and wicked rebellion will speedily return and ac- 

[221] 



MARCH 4, 1864 

knowledge the rightful sovereignty of the state as well as the supremacy of the 
national Govt. over the whole dominion and peace will prevail. . . . The 
election will be held and the returns made in accordance with the Schedule 
adopted by the convention interference from any quarter will be allowed to 
prevent free expression of the loyal men of the state on that day. The schedule 
will be hereto appended. To render the election valid there must be cast five 
thousand four hundred & six (5406) votes." (DLC-RTL). 

2 Steele's telegram, received at 9:20 P.M. on March 2, recommended that 
"Willard M Randolph late Attorney Genl of the Confederate states for the 
Eastern district of Ark be pardoned, he only accepted office to keep out the 
rebel army. He is a man of talent will be true to the U.S. He will assist in 
the election." (76zW.). See Lincoln's endorsement to Bates concerning Randolph, 
March 7, infra. 

To Joseph K. Barnes 1 

If the Surgeon General has the means will he please give the in- 
formation sought in this letter. A. LmcoLiNr 
March 4, 1864 

1 American Art Association Catalog, December 3, 1923, No. 553. According 
to the catalog description Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter from 
Mrs. W. R. Twitchell, contents not specified. 



To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Major General Butler Executive Mansion, 

Fort-Monroe, Va Washington, March 4, 1864. 

Admiral Dahlgren is here, and of course is very anxious about 
his son. Please send me at once all you know, or can learn of his 
fate. A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, BPB. General Butler forwarded news received from General Judson 
Kilpatrick that "Colonel Dahlgren was directed to make a diversion with 500 
men on the James River. He attacked at 4 p.m. Tuesday evening; drove the 
enemy in on Richmond. The main attack having failed, Colonel Dahlgren at- 
tempted to rejoin me. ... He and Colonel [Major Edwin F.] Cooke were 
with the advance guard . . . ; became separated from his main force, since 
which nothing has been heard. . . ." (OR, I, XXXIII, 197-98). Concerning 
Colonel Ulric Dahlgren's death, see Lincoln to Butler, March 7, infra. 

To Salmon E Chase 1 

Hon. Secretary of the Treasury. Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, March 4, 1864. 

In consequence of a call Mr. Villard makes on, me, having a 
note from you to him, I am induced to say I have no wish for 
the publication of the correspondence between yourself and me 
in relation to the Pomeroy Circular in fact, rather prefer to avoid 

[222] 



MARCH 4, 1864 

an unnecessary exhibition yet you are at liberty, without in the 
least offending me, to allow the publication, if you choose. Yours 
truly A. LINCOLN 

1ALS copy (ADfS?), DLC-RTL. Henry Villard's despatch of March 6, is 
in part as follows: "In consequence of the stir made by the secret circular of 
Senator Pomeroy the Secretary addressed a letter to the President, inquiring 
whether there was anything in his action or position that would prejudice the 
public interests under his charge, and added that he did not wish to admin- 
ister the affairs of the Treasury Department without the President's entire 
confidence. The President replied in a spirit equally frank and friendly, stating 
in substance that he did not perceive any occasion for any change in their 
official relations. This is the substance of the correspondence. . . ." (New York 
Herald, March 7, 1864). 



To Joseph Holt 1 

Judge Advocate General please report on this case if the record 
is accessable. A. LINCOLN 

March 4. 1864 

Sentence approved A. LINCOLN 

April 21. 1864 

1 AES, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, MM 1212. Lincoln's en- 
dorsements are written on papers in the case of Joseph R. Hamrm'll, engineer 
and detective, sentenced to two years* imprisonment and to refund public 
money embezzled. Holt reported that the sentence was in accord with Mary- 
land laws. 



Memorandum about Churches 1 

March 4, 1864 

I have written before, and now repeat, the United States Gov- 
ernment must not undertake to run the churches. When an in- 
dividual in a church or out of it becomes dangerous to the public 
interest he must be checked, but the churches as such must take 
care of themselves. It will not do for the United States to appoint 
trustees, supervisors, or other agents for the churches. I add if the 
military have military need of the church building, let them keep 
it; otherwise let them get out of it, and leave it and its owners 
alone except for causes that justify the arrest of any one. 

A. LiiNrcoLisr. 

1 NH, X, 30. See also Lincoln to Rosecrans, April 4, and the memorandum 
of May 13, infra, and the endorsement to John Hogan, February 13, supra. 
The original of the memorandum of March 4, has not "been located, and the 
occasion which necessitated Lincoln's repetition of aims has not been deter- 
mined. 

[223] 



To William S. Rosecrans 1 

Executive Mansion Washington, 
Major General Rosecrans March 4. 1864 

I shall be obliged if you will examine the question, and give 
me your opinion whether, on the whole, it would be advantageous 
to our military operations for the United States to furnish iron 
for completing the South West Branch of the Pacific Railroad, all, 
or any part of the way, from Rolla to Springfield Missouri, so fast 
as the Company shall do all the other work for the completion; 
and to receive pay for said iron, in transportation upon said newly 
made part of said road. It is understood that the Company will, on 
these terms, speedily put the road into working order. Yours truly 

A. 



i ALS and LS, DLC-RTL. This letter was never sent, but the letter to Rose- 
crans, March 10, infra 9 was drafted instead. See Lincoln's order of July 11, 
1862, and communications to Curtis, October 12, 1862, and to Glover, January 
20, 1863, supra. On January 20, 1864, Nicolay returned the order of July 11, 
1862, after making a copy of it for the president (ALS, DNA RG 60, Papers of 
Attorney General, Box 116). Sometime circa March 4-10, 1864, a letter was 
drafted, possibly by Bates, although the undated copy in the Lincoln Papers is 
not in Bates' autograph: 

"Applications have been frequently made to me to order the completion of 
the South West Branch of the Pacific Railroad. The measure has been recom- 
mended by four or five of the Major Generals commanding at different times 
in that section. I made an order for its completion to Lebanon in June 1862, 
which order still remains unexecuted. 

"Mr. Gibson [Charles Gibson, solicitor of U.S. Court of Claims] on behalf of 
the Railroad Company now proposes that if the General Government will fur- 
nish the iron, the company will grade, & otherwise complete the road & furnish 
it with rolling stock. 

"While I desire to see Missouri prosper I can only view this subject from a 
strictly national stand point. 

"You will examine into the matter & if you should be of the opinion that 
the interests of the United States would be promoted by furnishing this iron, 
you may enter into an agreement with the company to do so, & may in that 
event order the Quartermaster at St. Louis to purchase it, being very par- 
ticular in such agreement to guard well the interests of the National Govern- 
ment. 

"From the lights before me I am inclined to the opinion it would be well to 
secure the early completion of the road as far as Springfield" (DLC-RTL, 
2901-2, misdated "[1863]"). 

Bates Diary under date of March 9 and 10, 1864, records the following: 

"The Govr. and Gibson are not content with the Presidents letter to Genl. 
Rosecrans, about completing the S.W. Branch of our Pacific R.R. and want 
me to try to get him to make it stronger. It only directs the Genl. to enquire 
into the subject and report. We want it to authorise the Genl. if he finds that 
the road would be advantageous to the military service, to act definitively, and 
furnish the iron, as fast as the company can lay it down. 

"I hope to convince the President that the latter is the better course better 
for^ the service, better for the State and better for himself. . . . 

"Mar. 10 The Prest has changed his letter to Genl Rosecrans so as to allow 
him to proceed at once. . . ." 

[224] 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

I send this over as a reminder in relation to allowing the "Thomas 
Colyer" to run between here & Mount- Vernon. A. LINCOLN 
March 4, 1864 

i AES, NHi. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter from Harriet V. 
Fitch, Vice Regent of the Mount Vernon Association, February 26, 1864, re- 
questing that the steamboat Thomas Collyer be permitted to run between 
Washington and Mount Vernon: "We have through much labor bought, and 
paid for, the, home and grave of Washington, and but for the national troubles, 
would long since have collected a sum, equal to its restoration, and future 
keeping. Now, we have no means to keep it no revenue but such as this boat 
will bring us. With that we will be enabled to go on another year, at least, 
and at the end of that time, let us hope for brighter days, when we can add 
to our fund; by further collections in the States." 

Stanton's endorsement follows Lincoln's: "The Secretary of War does not 
deem it expedient to allow a Steamboat to run to Mt Vernon at present." 

To John E Usher 1 

Send nomination. A. LINCOLN 
March. 4. 1864 

1 AES, DNA NR RG 48, Indian Agencies, Box 1274. Lincoln's endorsement 
is written on an undated letter from James R. Doolittle and others, recom- 
mending appointment of John G. McMynn of Wisconsin as superintendent of 
Indian affairs for Washington Territory. McMynn's appointment was confirmed 
by the Senate on March 30, 1864. 

To Edward Bates 1 

Hon. Attorney General Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, March 5. 1864. 

Send me a nomination for Robert Sherman, as Marshal for the 
District of Rhode-Island. [A. LINCOLN] 

1ALS, DNA GE RG 60, Papers of Attorney General, Segregated Lincoln 
Material. The signature has been clipped from the letter. Sherman's appoint- 
ment was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 1864. 

To Edward Bates 1 

Gov. Johnson. Attorney- General please make out pardons in 
these cases in the forms Gov. Johnson [will] request. 

March 7, 1864. A. LINCOLN. 

1 Anderson Auction Company Catalog 941, February 27, 1912, No. 608. Ac- 
cording to the catalog description, Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter 
relative to pardon of David T. Patterson, J. C. Grant, and S. J. W. Luckey, of 
Tennessee. 

[225] 



To Edward Bates 1 

March 7, 1864 

The name is Willard M. Randolph. He was an attorney for the 
Rebel Government, but now taking the oath and going to work to 
carry the free State Constitution at the election on the 14th. I wish 
a special pardon for him. Please send me the document. 

March 7, 1864 A - LINCOLN 

l Anderson Galleries Catalog 1658, May 2, 1922, No. 802. According to 
the catalog description Lincoln's endorsement is -written on the back of a mili- 
tary telegram. See Lincoln to Steele, March 3, supra. 



To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Major General Butler Executive Mansion, 

Fort-Monroe Washington, March 7. 1864. 

Gen. Meade has Richmond Sentinel, saying that Col. Dahlgren 
was killed, and ninety of his men captured at King & Queen C.- 
H. When did Kilpatrick's informant last see Col. Dahlgren? 

A. LIINTCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. See Lincoln to Butler, March 4, supra, and March 1 7, infra. 



To John A. J. CreswelF 

Hon. John A. J. Creswell Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, March 7, 1864. 

I am very anxious for emancipation to be effected in Maryland 
in some substantial form. I think it probable that my expressions 
of a preference for gradual over immediate emancipation, are mis- 
understood. I had thought the gradual would produce less confu- 
sion, and destitution, and therefore would be more satisfactory; 
but if those who are better acquainted with the subject, and are 
more deeply interested in it, prefer the immediate, most certainly 
I have no objection to their judgment prevailing. My wish is that 
all who are for emancipation in any form., shall co-operate, all 
treating all respectfully, and all adopting and acting upon the 
major opinion, when fairly ascertained. What I have dreaded is 
the danger that by jealousies, rivalries, and consequent ill-blood 
driving one another out of meetings and conventions perchance 
from the polls the friends of emancipation themselves may di- 
vide, and lose the measure altogether. I wish this letter to not be 

[226] 



MARCH 7, 1864 

made public; but no man representing me as I herein represent 
myself , will be in any danger of contradiction by me. Yours truly 

A. LINCOLN. 

1 ALS and ADfS, DLC-RTL. The envelope in which the letter was sent bears 
Lincoln's endorsement "Returned." The Maryland legislature had enacted a bill 
calling an election on April 6 for delegates to a constitutional convention to 
be held on April 27, 1864. See Lincoln to Hoffman, October 10, 1864. 



To Joseph Holt 1 

Judge Advocate General please examine & report on this case at 
once. A. LINCOLN 

March 7, 1864 

Sentence approved, and execution fixed for Friday, April 22nd 
1864. A. LINCOLN 

April 14, 1864 

Sentence commuted to imprisonment in the Penitentiary at hard 
labor for ten years. A. LINCOLN 

Jan. 25, 1865 

1 AES, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, LL 1431. Lincoln's en- 
dorsements are written on the papers in the case of Lorenzo C. Stewart (alias 
Shear), Fourteenth New York Artillery, sentenced to be hanged for desertion 
and murder (poisoning soldiers). A petition from citizens of Elmira, New 
York, asking clemency, bears the endorsement of April 14, 1864, and a report 
by Dr. John P. Gray, January 25, 1865, on the mental condition of Stewart, 
bears the commutation of sentence of that date. See Lincoln to Gray, April 25, 
1864, infra. 



To William A. Merriwether 1 

U.S. Marshal Executive Mansion, 

at Louisville Ky Washington, March 7, 1864. 

Until further orders, suspend sale of property and further pro- 
ceedings in cases of the United States against Dr John B English 
and S. S. English, et al. sureties for John L Hill 

Also same against same sureties for Thomas A. Ireland 

A. LINCOLN. 
Major Eckert 

Please send the above dispatch JNO. G. NICOLAY 

Priv: Sec 

1 Copy, DLC-Nicolay Papers. On February 26, 1864, Jeremiah T. Boyle 
wrote Lincoln from Louisville: 

"This will be handed to you by Col. S. S. English, of this city, a loyal citizen 

[227] 



MARCH 7, 1864 

and true union man, who desires to see you relative to business which he will 
explain. 

"I can say that it is within my knowledge that Dr. English, brother of the 
colonel, entered as security and procured the colonel to unite with him as se- 
curity for Hill and Ireland (who afterward violated their oath and bond) with 
the view ... of inducing the said Hill and Ireland to resign and vacate the 
offices of County Judge and County Clerk of Owen County, Ky, in order that 
loyal men should fill the offices, and thus that the power and influence of the 
government might be increased in the county. I believe the main purpose was 
to increase the loyal union influence, and such I believe was the result of the 
action of Dr. English and the colonel. I trust you may feel that it would be 
right to relieve them from the penalty of the bond. 

"Colonel English is a true and reliable gentleman and will make a state- 
ment to you on which you can fully rely. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 



Order Designating Starting Point of 
Union Pacific Railroad 1 

March 7, 1864 

In pursuance of the provisions of Section 14, of the Act of Con- 
gress entitled "An Act to aid in the construction of a Rail Road and 
Telegraph Line from the Missouri River to the Pacific Ocean, and 
to secure to the Government the use of the same for Postal, 
Military, and other purposes," Approved July ist. 1862, author- 
izing and directing the President of the United States, to fix the 
point on the Western boundary of the State of Iowa, from -which 
the Union Pacific Rail Road Company is by said section author- 
ized and required to construct a single line of Rail Road, and Tele- 
graph, upon the most direct and practicable route, subject to the 
approval of the President of the United States, so as to form a 
connection with the lines of said Company, at some point on the 
one hundre[d]th meridian of longitude in said section named: I, 
Abraham Lincoln President of the United States do, upon the ap- 
plication of the said Company, designate and establish such first 
above named point, on the Western boundary of the State of Iowa, 
east of, and opposite to the East line of Section 10, in Township 15, 
North, of Range 13, East of the sixth principle meridian, in the 
Territory of Nebraska 

Done at the City of Washington this, seventh, day of March, in 
the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and sixty four 

ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

1 Copy, DNA RG 46, Senate s8A F6. The original order has not been lo- 
cated. The copy in the Senate files was enclosed with Lincoln's communication 
to the Senate of March 9, infra. See also Lincoln's order of November 17 1863 
supra. 

[228] 



Order in Regard to Export of Tobacco 1 

Executive Mansion 
Washington, 7th March, 1864. 

Whereas by an Executive Order on the loth of November last, 
permission was given to export certain tobacco belonging to the 
French Government from insurgent territory, which tobacco was 
supposed to have been purchased and paid for prior to the 4th 
March 1861; but whereas, it was subsequently, ascertained that a 
part at least, of the said tobacco had been purchased subsequently 
to that date, which fact made it necessary to suspend the carrying 
into effect of the said order; but whereas, pursuant to mutual 
explanations a satisfactory understanding on the subject has now 
been reached, it is directed that the Order aforesaid may be car- 
ried into effect; it being understood that the quantity of French 
tobacco so to be exported, shall not exceed Seven thousand hogs- 
heads, and that it is the same tobacco respecting the exportation of 
which application was originally made by the French Government. 

ABRAHAM LINCOLN". 

1 Copy, DLC-Butler Papers. 

To George D. Ramsay 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Gen. Ramsay. Washington, March 7, 1864. 

Will a number of the Absterdam Shells, or projectiles, be placed 
in the hands of the troops for trial, as recommended by Capt. 
Benton, in his report of March 3rd? Yours truly A LINCOLN 

1 ALS, ORB. See Lincoln to Benton, March i, supra. On the bottom of Lin- 
coln's note is the following endorsement by General Ramsay: *'I should like 
to preserve this note and therefore beg it may be returned to me." See further, 
Lincoln's endorsement to Ramsay, March 10, infra. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Washington, March 7, 1864. 

I think it is but fair that Quarter-Master-General Allen, should 
be allowed to fix the rate of rent of Col. Mondays property now 
used by the Government at Mound-City; and I shall be glad if 
the Sec. of War will direct him to do so. A. LINCOLN 

1ALS, THaroL. Colonel Marcellus Mundy, Twenty-third Kentucky In- 
fantry, whose signature is incorrectly indexed as "M. Murray" in the Lincoln 

[229] 



MARCH 7, 1864 

Papers, wrote Lincoln from Willard's Hotel on March 8, 1864: "I had the 
honor 'this morning to present your respectful request to the Secretary of 
War, that he would refer the matter at issue between the government and me 
regarding the rental of my property at Mound City, Illinois, used by the gov- 
ernment for hospital, to Brig. Gen. [Robert] Allen A.Q.M. at Louisville Ken- 
tucky for settlement, and I regret to inform you that the Hon. Secretary 
declines to comply with your request. Without detailing the interview I will 
say to you that I feel compelled to abandon my property as I am satisfied that 
whatever fair claims I may have as citizen or soldier will be disregarded by 
the present administration and the urging of them further would but subject 
me to further discourtesy. I thank you for the courtesy extended to me in our 
last interview. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War: Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, March 7, 1864. 

It is represented to me that General David B. Birney, who is 
nominated for a Major General to take rank from June 22nd. 
1863, is really entitled, if at all, to take rank from May 3. 1863, 
for meritorious conduct at Chancellor sville. It is also represented 
that to make the desired change will not give Gen. Birney rank 
over any one who now' ranks him. I shall be glad to withdraw his 
present nomination and make the change, if the above is a true 
and a full statement of the facts. Yours truly A. 



1 ALS-P, ISLA. Brigadier General David B. Birney's nomination as major 
general was revised to date from May 20, 1863, rather than from May 3. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War: Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, March 7, 1864. 

The bearer is Gov. Hall of Missouri, whom I have much pleas- 
ure in introducing to you. I shall be glad for yourself and Col. Fry 
to give him a full hearing on Missouri matters. Yours truly 

A. LusrcoLisr 

1 ALS, IHi. Lieutenant Governor Willard P. Hall succeeded to the governor- 
ship following the death of Governor Hamilton R. Gamble on January 31, 1864. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

March 7, 1864 

Sec. of War, please have a full report of this case sent me. Hon. 
Mr. Bailey says this man went home last fall on the loyal side, 
and actually fought for the previlege. A. LINCOLN 

March 7. 1864. 

[230] 



MARCH 8, 1864 

1 AES, DLC-RTL. Lincoln's endorsement is written on the back of a printed 
copy of AGO Special Orders No. toy. See Lincoln's memorandum concerning 
Charles Garretson, March i, supra. Representative Joseph Bailey may have 
obtained modification of Garretson's dismissal, for later references give Gar- 
retson as "mustered out" rather than "dismissed" on March 5, 1864. 

To Queen Victoria 1 

March 7, 1864 
Abraham Lincoln 

President of the United States of America. 
To Her Majesty Victoria 

Queen of the United Kingdom 
of Great Britain and Ireland 
&c. &c. &c. 

Sendeth Greeting: 

Great and Good Friend: I have received the letter which Your 
Majesty addressed to me on the 3oth. day of January last, inform- 
ing me that Her Royal Highness, the Princess of Wales, Daughter 
of His Majesty, the King of Denmark, Consort of Your Majesty's 
well-beloved son, His Royal Highness Albert Edward, Prince of 
Wales, Duke of Saxony, Prince of Saxe Coburg and Gotha &c. &c. 
was safely delivered of a Prince on the 8th. of that month. 

I pray Your Majesty to accept my cordial congratulations upon 
this event, and to be assured that I take a lively interest in all 
that concerns the happiness and prosperity of Your Royal House, 
and so I recommend Your Majesty and Your Royal Family to the 
protection of the Almighty. Your Good Friend 

Washington /th. March, 1864. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

By the President 

WILLIAM H. SEWARD Secretary of State. 

1 Copy, DNA FS RG 59, Communications to Foreign Sovereigns and States, 
III, 217-18. 

Memorandum : 
Appointment of William F. Allen 1 

[March 8, 1864] 
West-Point. 

William F. Allen Son of Col. who lost his life off, Hatteras 

New-Jersey. 

1 AES, DNA WR RG 94, U.S. Military Academy, 1862, No. i. Lincoln's 
endorsement is written on an envelope containing recommendations and pho- 

[231] 



MARCH 9, 1864 

tograph of William F. Allen, son of Colonel Joseph W. Allen, Ninth New 
Jersey Volunteers, drowned January 15, 1862, on Burnside's expedition. A simi- 
lar endorsement by Lincoln is on the photograph: "West-Point Wm. F Allen 
son of Col. Allen drowned at Hatteras Inlet " There is no record of Al- 
len's appointment. 



To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Major General Butler Executive Mansion, 

Fort-Monroe, Va. Washington, March 9. 1864. 

What are the facts about the imprisonment of Joseph A. 
Bilisoly? A. 



i-ALS, RPB. General Butler replied on the same day that the causes of im- 
prisonment of Bilisoly were "first he is a Secessionist, has had eleven children 
and grandchildren in the confederate army, said he was sorry he hadn't more 
& has taken the oath of allegiance but says his sympathies are with the South 
and not with the north. Third Over two hundred thousand (200 ooo) dollars 
of the assets of the Saving Bank of Portsmouth have been traced into his hands 
& he refuses to give any account of it & lies when he is examined about it. 
Fourth. He had a secret box made under his daughter's bedroom floor in which 
he concealed arms & the plate of another secessionist & when called to account 
for it lied about it. Fifth. He is only committed until he will tell the truth as to 
the secretion of the Bank property. When he does this he will be brought up 
for examination. It is the common case of confinement of a witness for con- 
tempt." (DLC-RTL). 

In the Butler Papers (DLC) is a letter from Bilisoly's daughter, Mrs. George 
R. Boush, addressed to President Lincoln, March i, 1864, which states the 
circumstances of her father's imprisonment somewhat differently: "He is 
charged with knowing, where some of the most important papers of the 
Portsmouth Saving's Bank, are concealed. Notwithstanding, he positively de- 
nied the charge [,] was taken to prison, and early in the morning, hurried to 
Fortress Monroe, without breakfast, and not one penny in his pocket. Report 
says confined in a cell, with nothing to lie down on. My husband Geo. Richard 
Boush (Master Builder of the Gosport Yard) is now in Alexandria, attending 
the Convention; therefore I have to act for myself." 



Judge Advocate General please examine and report on this case. 
March 9, 1864. A. LINCOLN 



To Joseph Holt 1 

jral please examine an 

1 -"-"* 575 -..w*^. JL\.. JL_/iJ.> V^V-JLjl"N 

Pardon, for the unexpired part of the imprisonment. 

March 29. 1864 A. LINCOLN 

i AES, DNA WB. RG 153, Judge Advocate General, MM 1253. Lincoln's 
endorsements are written on the papers in the case of Captain William H. 
Wickes, One Hundred Sixty-ninth New York Volunteers, dismissed on Febru- 
ary 12, 1864, and sentenced to six months' imprisonment for presenting false 
vouchers. Holt's report indicated no ground justifying interference in the 
case by the president. The record also indicates an endorsement of Lincoln's 

[232] 



MARCH Q, 1864 

dated April 21, 1864, denying the application for pardon, which has not "been 
found and may have been removed from the file because of Wickes' prior re- 
lease from prison under AGO Special Orders No. 54, April i, 1864. 



To George G. Meade 1 

Major-General Meade, Executive Mansion, 

Army of Potomac: Washington, March 9, 1864. 

New York City votes 9,500 majority for allowing soldiers to 
vote, and the rest of the State nearly all on the same side. Tell 
the soldiers. A. LINCOLN. 

iTarbell (Appendix), p. 420. Daniel H. Craig of the Associated Press at 
New York City telegraphed Lincoln on March 8, 1864: "New York City gives 
ninety five hundred (9500) majority for allowing soldiers to vote. Returns 
from interior show majorities same every where." (DLC-RTL). 



To the Senate 1 

Executive Mansion 
To the Senate of the United States: March gth. 1864. 

In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, of the 1st. in- 
stant, respecting the points of commencement of the Union Pacific 
Railroad, on the tooth, degree of West Longitude, and of the 
branch road, from the Western boundary of Iowa, to the said 
looth. degree of Longitude, I transmit the accompanying report 
from the Secretary of the Interior, containing the information 
called for. 

I deem it proper to add that, on the i/th day of November last, 
an executive order was made upon this subject, and delivered to 
the Vice President of the Union Pacific Rail Road Company, 
which fixed the point, on the western boundary of the State of 
Iowa from which the Company should construct their Branch- 
Road to the looth. degree of West Longitude, and declared it to 
be within the limits of the township, in Iowa, opposite the town 
of Omaha in Nebraska. Since then the Company has represented 
to me, that, upon actual surveys made, it has determined upon the 
precise point of departure of their said Branch-R road from the 
Missouri river, and located the same as described in the accom- 
panying report of the Secretary of the Interior, which point is 
within the limits designated in the order of November last; and 
inasmuch as that order is not of record in any of the Executive 
Departments, and the Company having desired a more definite 

[233] 



MARCH g, 864 

one, I have made the order, of which a copy is herewith, and 
caused the same to be filed in the Department of the Interior, 

ABRAHAM: LINCOLN 

i DS, DNA RG 46, Senate a8A F6. See Lincoln's order of March 7, supra. 
Secretary Usher's report of March 8, which Lincoln transmitted, indicated that 
"the point of commencement of said road on the one hundredth degree of 
west longitude has not yet been fixed." 

Speech to Ulysses S. Grant 1 

General Grant [March 9, 1864] 

The nation's appreciation of what you have done, and it's reli- 
ance upon you for what remains to do, in the existing great 
struggle, are now presented with this commission, constituting you 
Lieutenant General in the Army of the United States. With this 
high honor devolves upon you also, a corresponding responsibility. 
As the country herein trusts you, so, under God, it will sustain 
you. I scarcely need to add that with what I here speak for the 
nation goes my own hearty personal concurrence. 

IAD, owned by Ulysses S. Grant, III, Washington, D.C. On the night of 
March 8, 1864, General Grant reported to President Lincoln at the White 
House in obedience to orders received at Nashville, Tennessee, several days 
before. The president's weekly reception was in progress, but following an ova- 
tion to General Grant, Lincoln arranged to meet him later for a private con- 
ference. Nicolay's report of the conference is as follows: 

"The President here made an appointment with him for the formal pre- 
sentation next day of his commission as lieutenant-general. 4 I shall make a 
very short speech to you,' said Lincoln, *to which I desire you to reply, for 
an object; and that you may be properly prepared to do so I have written 
what I shall say, only four sentences in all, which I will read from my manu- 
script as an example which you may follow and also read your reply as you 
are perhaps not so much accustomed to public speaking as I am; and I there- 
fore give you what I shall say so that you may consider it. There are two 
points that I would like to have you make in your answer: First, to say 
something which shall prevent or obviate any jealousy of you from any of 
the other generals in the service; and second, something which shall put you 
on as good terms as possible with the Army of the Potomac. If you see any 
objection to doing this, be under no restraint whatever in expressing that ob- 
jection to the Secretary of War.' " (Nicolay and Hay, Abraham Lincoln: A 
History, VIII, 340-41). 

The next day at one o'clock the presentation took place "in presence of the 
Cabinet, General Halleck, two members of Grant's staff, and the President's 
private secretary. . . ." (Ibid.). Following Lincoln's speech, Grant read his 
pencilled reply as follows: 
"Mr. President: 

"I accept this commission with gratitude for the high honor confered. 

"With the aid of the noble armies that have fought on so many fields for 
our common country, it will be my earnest endeavor not to disappoint your 
expectations. 

"I feel the full weight of the responsibilities now devolving on me and 
know that if they are met it will be due to those armies, and above all to the 

[234] 



MARCH 10, 864 

favor of tliat Providence which leads both Nations and men." (AD, DLC-Grant 
Papers). 

Grant's commission as lieutenant general dated from March 2, 1864. 

To Ulysses S. Grant 1 

Lieut. Gen. Grant Executive Mansion 

Army of Potomac Washington, March 10. 1864 

Mrs. L. invites yourself and Gen. Meade to dine with us Satur- 
day evening. Please notify him, and answer whether you can be 
with us at that time. A. 



1ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, i. Grant's reply to 
Lincoln's telegram was received at 7:45 P.M.: "Genl. Meade and myself accept 
your kind invitation to dine with Mrs. Lincoln on Saturday." (DLC-RTL). A 
Washington despatch of March 13 reported, however, that "The sudden return 
of Lieut.-Gen. Grant to the West prevented him from participating in the 
military dinner at the Executive Mansion last night. However, nearly all, if 
not the entire number of Major and Brigadier-Generals now here, including 
Gens. Halleck, Meade, Sickles, and McCook, together with the Secretary of 
War, dined with the President. . . ." (New York Tribune, March 14, 1864). 

List of Candidates for West Point 1 

[c. March 10, 1864] 

John D. C. Hoskins. Has served in this -war Gen. Grant's boy. 2 
David Dick Johnson Perm. 8 
Beverly Allen Mo. Pope's boy. 4 

William Whipple Army 5 
Augustus P. Barnard. Army 6 
Nesmith. 7 Oregon. 
John B. Engle. la. now in Libby Hon. H. S. Lane. 8 

IAD, DLC-RTL. This list is written on a military telegraph form dated 
1864, and appears to be contemporary with the memorandum, infra. 

2 See memorandum of January 20, supra. 

3 See memorandum of January 6, supra. 4 See memorandum, infra. 

S Charles William Whipple, son of William D. Whipple, entered West Point, 
July i, 1864. 6 No record of an appointment has been found. 

7 "George W. Pyle" is written in pencil above "Nesmith," which has been 
deleted. See Lincoln's memorandum of February 27, supra. 

8 Corporal John B. Engle, Eighty-sixth Indiana Infantry, was mustered out 
in June, 1865, and appointed second lieutenant, Seventeenth Infantry, on Feb- 
ruary 23, 1866. 

Memorandum: Appointment of Beverly Allen 1 

[c. March 10] 1864 

Papers used when making West-Point appointments for 1863 
and now some to be used in 1 864 

[235] 



MARCH 1O, 1864 

1 AE, DLC-RTL. Lincoln's endorsement is written on an envelope contain- 
ing a letter from Mrs. Lucretia Pope Yeatman, March 10, 1864: "I take liberty 
of reminding you that in October last you promised to appoint early in March 
Beverly Allen of St. Louis Missouri to a cadetship at West Point. Lest in the 
multiplicity of cares it may have passed out of your mind I venture to call 
your attention to it." No appointment of Beverly Allen is of record. 

Order Assigning Ulysses S. Grant to Command 
of the Armies of the U.S. 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Washington, B.C., March [10], 1864. 

Under the authority of an act of Congress to revive the grade of 
lieutenant-general in the United States Army, approved February 
29, 1864, Lieutenant-General Ulysses S. Grant, U.S. Army, is 
assigned to the command of the armies of the United States. 

ABRAHAM 



1 OR, I, XXXII, III, 83. Lincoln's order has not been found. As printed in 
the Official Records, it is dated "March, 1864, but Stanton's telegram to Grant 
of March 10, 1864, establishes the date: "Pursuant to the authority of the act 
of Congress . . . the President, by Executive Order of this date, has as- 
signed to you the command of the Armies of the United States." (OR, I, XXX- 
III, 663). 

To George D. Ramsay 1 

March 10, 1864 

I think the Absterdam projectile is too good a thing to be lost to 
the service, and if offered at the Hotchkiss prices, and not in ex- 
cessive quantities, nor unreasonable terms in other respects, by 
either or both parties to the patent controversy, take it, so that the 
test be fully made. I am for the government having the best 
articles, in spite of patent controversies. A. LINCOLN 

March. 10. 1864. 

1 AES, DLC-RTL. See Lincoln to Ramsay, March 7, supra. Lincoln's en- 
dorsement is written on a letter from Brigadier General Ramsay, March 8, 
1864, as follows: 

"I had the honor to receive this morning your interrogatory as to placing a 
number of the Absterdam projectiles in the hands of troops for trial as recom- 
fcnended by Captain Benton in his Report of the sd instant? In reply, I beg 
to state that Messrs Dickson & Zane propose to furnish to the U States, for 
a period of twelve months, and to be delivered in the City of Phila, seven hun- 
dred & twenty thousand of the Absterdam projectiles, in the proportion of 1/10 
solid shot & 9/10 shell at the following rates, viz: 

10 pds ea. two dollars ($2.00) 

20 " " three 6o/ $3.60 

4-62 inch " four io/ $4.10 

"These prices are greatly in excess of what is now paid for similar projec- 
tiles as will be seen by the comparative statement herewith submitted. I would 

[236] 



MARCH 1 O, 1864 

further state that Mr. Absterdam claims that the projectiles tried and reported 
upon by Capt Benton were made under a patent not covered by the assign- 
ment of his projectiles to other parties. It would thus appear that the question 
of right is involved in controversy; and until this question is satisfactorily ad- 
justed, I should feel unwilling to negotiate with either party. All things har- 
moniously arranged and the prices agreed upon, I shall be happy to order a 
sufficient number of these projectiles to fully test their merits by actual trial 
in the field." 

To William S. Rosecrans 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Major General Rosecrans Washington, March 10, 1864. 

Please carefully examine and consider the question whether, on 
the whole, it would be advantageous to our Military operations for 
the United States to furnish iron for completing the South- West- 
Branch of the Pacific Railroad all, or any part of the way from 
Rolla to Springfield, Missouri, so fast as the Company shall do 
all the other work for the completion, and to receive pay for said 
iron in transportation upon said newly made part of said road 
and if your opinion shall be in the affirmative, make a contract 
with the company to that effect, subject to my approval or rejec- 
tion. In any event report the main facts together with your rea- 
soning, to me. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

*ALS (ADfS?), DLC-RTL. See Lincoln to Rosecrans, March 4, supra. On 
September 15, 1864, Rosecrans submitted his report, enclosing the agreement 
made at St. Louis on July 26, between the Pacific Railroad (by its president, 
George R. Taylor) and the United States (by Colonel William Myers, assist- 
ant quartermaster, acting under Rosecrans' order), which followed Lincoln's 
instructions of March 10. Exhibit P of the Report is a letter from Bates to 
Rosecrans, March 19, 1864: 

"I venture to address you touching a matter of great importance which has 
been committed to your discretionary judgment, by a special order of the 
President. ... I shall not trouble you . . . with any detailed . . . facts, nor 
any prolonged argument . . . because my friend, Mr Gibson who will hand 
you this, is fully possessed of the subject, and has . . . all needful documents 
... I desire however to say that, long ago (perhaps two years & ever since) 
I urged upon the government here, the immediate completion of that road, as 
a military necessity, and as a measure of great and obvious economy, in 
money, time, and actual force necessary, not only to the defence of that 
frontier, but also to the reestablishment of the national authority, still farther 
south and west. In my judgment, the same necessity and the same motives of 
economy still exist. . . . 

"The measure, if now adopted and promptly acted upon, will, I think, yield 
immediate fruits i. It will stranguilize Missouri into order & peace: 2. It will 
deter the enemy from any attempt, even by guerrillas, to continue the war in 
S.W. Mo. and N.W. Arkansas.- 3. It will set free a large force, now required 
to guard that region, either to serve in other fields, where the enemy is still 
in force, or to return to agriculture. . . . 

"I know that the President heretofore was favorable to the measure, and I 
am fully convinced that he believes, with me, now, that if it had been then 

[237] 



MARCH 1 O, 864 

carried out, millions of money would have been saved to the treasury. . . ." 
f T~\T f^ "RTT j} 

Rosecrans' eight-page letter of September 15 concluded: "Under all the cir- 
cumstances of the case I would respectfully recommend prompt action and 
an early anouncement of the approval of the contract. . . ." (Ibid.). 

To William H. Seward 1 

I would like for Mr. Dudley and Mr. Scovel to be obliged in this 
matter. A. LINCOLN 

March 10. 1864 

1 AES, DNA FS RG 59, Appointments, Box 293. Lincoln's endorsement is 
written on a letter from Thomas H. Dudley, consul at Liverpool, England, 
December 29, 1863, recommending George W. Gilbert of Camden, New Jersey. 
James M. Scovel also recommended Gilbert's appointment, but no record of an 
appointment has been found. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

March 10, 1864 

The widow of Commander Ward of the Navy, killed at Mathia's 
Point early in the war appeals to me to discharge her son, who has 
enlisted in the New York 6th. . . . For the memory of his father 
and that his mother is an indigent widdow, let him be discharged. 

1 American Art Association Anderson Galleries Catalog 4115, May 17, 1934, 
No. 180. According to the catalog description, this partial text is taken from 
an autograph letter signed. Commander James H. Ward was killed on June 
27, t86i, in action at Mathias Point on the Potomac. His son, Frederick B. 
Ward, is mentioned in his obituary as being present at his father's death, but 
identification of the son enlisted in the Sixth New York Volunteers has not 
been made. 

To W. F. M. Arny 1 

March 12, 1864 

I shall not be hasty about the matter mentioned. Mr. Perea 
never asked for your removal, at least, never to me, till very re- 
cently; and then only as I understood him, because you had left 
your post and come here to meddle with him and his business. I 
only wish now you were at your post attending to it's duties. 
March 12. 1864 A. LINCOLN 

1 AES, owned by Herman Blum, Blumhaven Library, Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter from W. F. M. Arny, Sec- 
retary of New Mexico, February 11, 1864: 

"I understand that Mr. Perea is pressing my removal 

"Do me the favor to postpone any action in the matter till I can prepare 
my reply to the charges which I will do next week." 

Francisco Perea was delegate to congress from New Mexico. 

[238] 



To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Office U.S. Military Telegraph, 

Major General Butler War Department, 

Fort-Monroe, Va Washington, B.C., March 12 1864. 

If Miss Gaston and Miss Manly still refuse to take the oath let 
them return South. A LINCOLN 

i ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 4. General Butler tele- 
graphed on March 11: "Miss Gaston and Miss Manly friends of Mr Blair 
have come to this point upon your order. They refuse to take the oath of 
allegiance. They understand they are coming on a visit only to their friends 
in Maryland, and are soon to return south. What shall be done, wish return 
or send them to Baltimore?" (DLC-RTL). Miss Gaston and Miss Manly have 
not been further identified. 



To William M. Fishback 1 

Office U.S. Military Telegraph, 

William Fishback War Department, 

Fort-Smith, Ark. Washington, B.C., March 12 1864. 

I know not that any change of departmental lines is likely to 
be made in Arkansas; but if done, it will be for purely military 
reasons, to which the good people there can have no just cause of 
objection. Get out the largest vote yon can, and the largest part 
of them on the right side which is possible A. LINCOLN 

iALS, DNA WR KG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 3. Lincoln received 
telegrams on March 12 from William Fishback and Governor Isaac Murphy, 
protesting 'news from Fort Smith that several counties of Northwest Arkansas 
were to be attached to the Department of Kansas (DLC-RTL). 

General Orders No. gS 1 

War Department 

General Orders! Washington City, 

No. 98 J March 12th, 1864. 

The President of the United States orders as follows: 

I. Major General H. W. Halleck is, at his own request, relieved 
from duty as General-in-Chief of the Army, and Lieutenant Gen- 
eral U. S. Grant is assigned to the command of the Armies of 
the United States. The Head Quarters of the Army will be in 
Washington, and also with Lieutenant General Grant in the field. 

II. Major General H. W. Halleck is assigned to duty in Wash- 
ington as Chief of Staff of the Army, under the direction of the 
Secretary of War and the Lieutenant General commanding. His 
orders will be obeyed and respected accordingly. 

[239] 



MARCH 12, 1864 

III. Major General W. T. Sherman is assigned to the command 
of the Military Division of the Mississippi, composed of the De- 
partments of the Ohio, the Cumberland, the Tennessee, and the 
Arkansas. 

IV. Major General J. B. McPherson is assigned to the command 
of the Department and Army of the Tennessee. 

By order of the Secretary of War 

ID, DNA WR RG 94, Adjutant General, Letters Received, P 1578. Although 
not written by Lincoln nor signed by him as issued, this order -was indubitably 
drafted at his direction and probably at his personal dictation in response to 
Halleck's letter to Stanton of March 9, which Stanton referred to the presi- 
dent on the same day with a request for instructions: 

"Under the provisions of the Act of April 4th 1862, which authorizes the 
President to assign to command officers of the same grade, without regard to 
seniority, of rank, the undersigned, a Major General, was assigned, in July 
1862, to the command of the land forces of the United States. Since that time 
the higher grade of Lieutenant General has been created, and the distinguished 
officer promoted to that rank has received his armies now and reported for 
duty. I, therefore, respectfully request that orders be issued placing him in 
command of the Army and retiring me from that duty. In making this re- 
quest I am influenced solely by a desire to conform to the provisions of the 
law, which, in my opinion impose upon the Lieutenant General the duties and 
responsibilities of General in Chief of the Army." (DLC-RTL). 



To Isaac Murphy 1 

Office U.S. Military Telegraph, 

Gov. Murphy War Department, 

Little Rock, Ark. Washington, D.C., March 12 1864. 

I am not appointing officers for Arkansas now, and I will try 
to remember your request. Do your best to get out the largest vote 
possible; and, of course, as much of it as possible on the right side 

A. LINCOLN 

3-ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 2. Governor Murphy 
telegraphed on March 11, 1864: "I respectfully ask you to issue no commis- 
sions and to make no appointments of any kind for Ark. until the fate of our 
present earnest and hopeful efforts to restore our State to the Union is de- 
termined and the undoubted union men have time to be heard from." (DLC- 
RTL). 

Pass for Mrs. J. R. Reid 1 

Allow Mrs. J. R. Reid, with her child, to take the oath of Dec. 
8, 1863, and pass our lines at City-Point, and go North. 

March 12, 1864. A. LINCOLN. 

1 Hertz, II, 923. 

[240] 



To the Senate 1 

Executive Office 
To the Senate of the United States: March 12 1864. 

In obedience to the resolution of the Senate of the 28th of Janu- 
ary last, I communicate herewith a report, with accompanying 
papers, from the Secretary of the Interior, showing what portion 
of the appropriations for the colonization of persons of African 
descent has been expended, and the several steps which have been 
taken for the execution of the Acts of Congress on that subject. 

ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

i DS, DNA RG 46, Senate 3A F6. The "12" in the date was filled in by 
Lincoln. On March 14, this communication was read in the Senate and re- 
ferred to the select committee on slavery and freedmen. No record of Usher's 
report has been found in published Executive Documents or in the National 
Archives. See Lincoln's further communication to the Senate on this subject, 
June 29, infra. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, March 12, 1864. 

Gov. Smith of Rhode Island brings you this. Please give him a 
full hearing. After a pretty full talk with him, it seems to me that 
the one thing most likely to surmount the difficulty there, would 
be to not consolidate the ist. & 3rd. Cavalry, but preserve them 
both, the Governor to exert himself to the utmost to fill both. The 
consolidation throws out one set of officers, and which ever set it 
may be, it offends either the Governor or a U.S. Senator. We can 
not afford to offend either, while we can avoid it. Please try. There 
is also a difficulty about Capt. Silvey, upon which I hope you will 
fully hear the Governor. 2 Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, NHi. 

2 AGO Special Orders No. 124, March 22, 1864, ordered Captain Wesley 
Owens, Fifth U.S. Cavalry, to relieve Captain William Silvey, First U.S. 
Artillery, as chief mustering and disbursing officer for Rhode Island. 

To Lewis Wallace 1 

March 12, 1864 

Will Major General Lewis Wallace please join some other General 
officers to a Dinner at the Executive Mansion at 6-45 o'clock, this 
evening. A. LINCOLN 



March 12, 1864. 

coin's inviti 
. Wallace h 

[241] 



1 ALS, InHi. See Lincoln's invitation to Grant and Meade, March 10, supra. 
No reply from General Wallace has been found. 



To Gideon Welles 1 

[c. March 12, 1864] 

Has the Sec. of the Navy any knowledge of this case? and if any, 
what? A LINCOLN 

1 AES, DLC-RTL. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter of Joshua 
Hanna, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to Stanton, March 12, 1864: 

"The bearer Capt. Lewis F L Vandegrift of this city had his boat taken from 
him by the Navy tinder a charge of violating the laws while in the employ- 
ment of the War department. 

"I have known Capt. V. for many years, and have had a business transac- 
tion with [him] for several years. I have no doubt of his honesty or loyalty 
nor do I believe any citizen of Pittsburgh would believe him guilty of the 
charge. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 

Welles replied on March 19: "I would respectfully state that this Depart- 
ment has not been furnished by Rear Admiral Porter with a full report of 
the seizure. On the 2Oth ult. . . he forwarded to me an appraisement of the 
vessel, stating that she had been captured some time since for 'illicit trading, 
robbing plantations &c.' and that owing to the scarcity of transports he had 
obtained permission from the Judge of the District to use her for Government 
service. The 'Volunteer' was appraised at Twenty-five thousand dollars . . . 
and a requisition for that sum was drawn by this Department for the payment 
of the same. 

"You will thus perceive that the case is in the hands of the District Court 
at Springfield, 111., and therefore, no longer under the control of this Depart- 
ment." (DLC-RTL). 



To Meredith E Gentry 1 

Hon. M. E Gentry Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, March 13. 1864. 

Yours by the hand of Gen. Grant is received. Of course I have 
not forgotten you, Gen. Grant is hereby authorized, in his discre- 
tion, to send you South; and it is rather my wish that he may find 
it not inconsistent with his view of the public interest to oblige 
you. Yours truly A. LUNTCOLIST 

lADfS, DLC-RTL. Gentry's letter of February 3, 1864, reminded Lincoln 
of their early acquaintance when they were members of congress. Elected to 
the Confederate Congress, Gentry was ill at his home in Shelbyville, Ten- 
nessee, when Confederate forces retreated. Permitted to remain for some time 
without taking an oath of allegiance to the Union, he was later ordered to take 
the oath or go to prison: "They decided that I should either go beyond the 
Federal lines southward or be sent a Prisoner to Camp Chase. . . . When the 
case came before Genl Rouseau he took no other action upon it, except to 
extend the Parol which had been given me at Shelbyville specifically to the 
2ist of Febr Inst at which time my term as a member of the Confederate 
Congress expired. I am now at this City (Nashville) to solicit his final decision. 
Genl Grants Head Quarters being here Genl Rouseau has introduced me to 
Genl Grant & I expressed to him my wish to be discharged from arrest and to 
recieve from him a pass to go south with the privilege of returning when I 

[242] 



MARCH 13, 1864 

shall have attended to business in that region which if not promptly and suc- 
cessfully attended to, will involve me & mine, in complete & entire pecuniary 
ruin. Genl Grant whilst giving a courteous hearing to my application seems to 
think that it would be irregular for him to decide upon the case, and has 
suggested that ... I should apply directly to you . . . and has consented to 
forward my Letter, with such endorsement upon it as will attract your at- 
tention. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 



To Michael Halm 1 

Private Executive Mansion, 

Hon. Michael Hahn Washington, 

My dear Sir: March 13. 1864. 

I congratulate you on having fixed your name in history as the 
first-free-state Governor of Louisiana. Now you are about to have 
a Convention which, among other things, will probably define the 
elective franchise. I barely suggest for your private consideration, 
whether some of the colored people may not be let in as, for in- 
stance, the very intelligent, and especially those who have fought 
gallantly in our ranks. They would probably help, in some trying 
time to come, to keep the jewel of liberty within the family of 
freedom. But this is only a suggestion, not to the public, but to 
you alone. Yours truly A. 



i ALS, owned by Roger W. Barrett, Chicago, Illinois; ADfS, DLC-RTL. In 
an election held on February 22, 1864, Michael Hahn defeated Benjamin F. 
Flanders and J. Q. A. Fellows for governor. The new constitution drafted by 
the convention which met beginning April 6 and adopted at an election held 
on September 5, 1864, contained no provisions for Negro suffrage. 



To Carl Schurz 1 

Private. Executive Mansion, 

Major General Schurz Washington, 

My dear Sir: March 13, 1864. 

Yours of February 2Qth, reached me only four days ago; but 
the delay was of little consequence, because I found, on feeling 
around, I could not invite you here without a difficulty which at 
least would be unpleasant, and perhaps would be detrimental to 
the public service. Allow me to suggest that if you wish to remain 
in the military service, it is very dangerous for you to get tem- 
porarily out of it; because, with a Major General once out, it is 
next to impossible for even the President to get him in again. 
With my appreciation of your ability, and correct principle, of 
course I would be very glad to have your service for the country 

[243] 



MARCH 14, 1864 

in the approaching political canvass; but I fear we can not prop- 
erly have it, without separating you from the military. Yours 
truly ^* LINCOLN 

1 LS copy, DLC-RTL. The signed copy preserved in the Lincoln Papers is 
followed immediately by the autograph draft of Lincoln's letter to Schurz of 
March 23, infra, which explains that the original letter of March 1 3 was never 
received by Schurz. On February 29, 1864, Schurz wrote Lincoln from New York: 

"Yesterday I arrived here on a short leave of absence. It was my intention 
to attend the meeting of the National Committee on the 22d but I could not 
leave my command in time on account of Gen. Howard's absence. 

"I should be glad to have a conversation with you about political matters and 
should already have called upon you but for the necessity of having first the 
permission of the War Dept. to go to Washington. An arrangement might per- 
haps be made which might render it possible for me to take an active part in 
the presidential canvass. Things seem to be in a somewhat confused state, and 
... I ... fear the consequences of the contest now being carried on inside 
of the Union-party. ... 

"If it should be agreeable to you to see me at Washington, please let me 
know as soon as convenient not to forget the required permission from the 
War Dept., as I should not like to be arrested. 

"I am very glad you gave Sigel the Dept. of West- Virginia. It was a very 
judicious measure in every respect. 

"Have you heard already of the difficulties between Gen. Hooker and my- 
self, of the court of inquiry I demanded and obtained and of the opinion of 
that court in my favor and against Hooker? If you have been informed of 
what happened there, you will already have come to the conclusion that it is 
impossible for me to continue in my command . . . and ardently hope that the 
rumor about Gen. Hooker's being transferred ... in consequence of Gen. 
Grant's and Thomas' representations to the War Dept., prove true. . . ." 
(DLC-RTL). 

On March 8, Schurz wrote again: "Several days ago ... I wrote you a 
few lines for the purpose of bringing about an interview with you at which 
we might exchange our views on pending political questions. I requested you 
to let me know whether this -would be agreeable. ... I desire to have that 
interview . . . not only because I am as warm a friend of our common cause 
as ever, but your friend also. Waiting for a few words in reply in vain, I have 
come to the conclusion that either you did not receive my letter or do not 
desire me to visit Washington. If the latter should be the case it would oblige 
me by simply advising me of it. My leave will soon expire. . . ." (Ibid.}. See 
further, Lincoln's letter to Schurz, March 23, infra. 



To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Major General Butler Executive Mansion, 

Fort-Monroe, Va. Washington, March 14, 1864. 

i Lieut, and Adjt. of 6. Wisconsin Volunteers, Edward P. Brooks 
is a prisoner of War at Richmond; and if you can, without diffi- 
culty, effect a special exchange for him, I shall be obliged. 

A. 



*ALS, DNA WR RG 07, Presidential Telegrams, I, 5. General Butler's 
telegram in reply was received at 6:25 P.M.: "Lieut. Brooks will be sent for- 

[244] 



MARCH 14, 1864 

ward for special exchange and I have no doubt the exchange will be effected." 
(DLC-RTL). See also Lincoln to Butler, March 18, infra. 

Draft Order for 200,000 Men 1 

Executive Mansion. 
Washington, March 14th 1864. 

In order to supply the force required to be drafted for the Navy, 
and to provide an adequate reserve force for all contingencies, 
in addition to the five hundred thousand men called for February 
ist. 1864, a call is hereby made and a draft ordered for two hun- 
dred thousand men for the "military service" (Army, Navy, and 
Marine Corps) of the United States. 

The proportional quotas for the different wards, towns, town- 
ships, precincts or election districts, or counties, will be made 
known through the Provost Marshal General's Bureau, and ac- 
count will be taken of the credits and deficiencies on former 
quotas. 

The 15th. day of April, 1864, is designated as the time up to 
which the numbers required from each "ward of a city, town," &c. 
may be raised by voluntary enlistment, and drafts will be made 
in "each ward of a city, town," &c. which shall not have filled the 
quota assigned to it within the time designated, for the number 
required to fill said quotas. The draft will be commenced as soon 
after the 15th. of April as practicable. 

The Government bounties, as now paid, continue until April 
ist, 1864, at which time the additional bounties cease. On and 
after that date, one hundred dollars bounty only will be paid, as 
provided by the act approved July 22d. 1861. 

ABRAHAM 



1 DS, IHi. This order was issued as AGO General Orders No. *oo, March 
15, 1864. 

Endorsement 1 

If this womans husband is in our service, let her have transporta- 
tion home. A LINCOLN 

March. 14. 1864 

* AES, owned by C. Norton Owen, Glencoe, Illinois. Lincoln's endorsement is 
written on a letter signed "Mrs. Sterry" and addressed to Mrs. Lincoln, March 
15: "The bearer of this note has a Husband in the 153^ regt (that have gone 
to Texas) and she is left destitute. It will be a deed of charity for you to help 
her she wants to get home she has no friends here is stranger in the City 
she is a nice respectable Old Lady." 

[245] 



Memorandum : 
Appointment of Thornton A. Jenkins, Jr. 1 

Capt. Fox is very anxious for this young man. A. LINCOLN 
March 14, 1864. 

i AES, DNA WR RG 94, U.S. Military Academy, 1864, No. 309. Lincoln's 
endorsement is written on a letter of Gustavus V. Fox to Nicolay, March 14, 
1864, introducing Thornton A. Jenkins, Jr., and requesting an interview for 
him. There is no record of an appointment for Jenkins. 

To the Senate 1 

To the Senate, Executive Mansion, 

of the United States. Washington, March [14], 1864. 

I transmit, herewith, a report of the Secretary of the Interior, 
of the nth instant, containing the information requested in Senate 
Resolution of the 2Qth ultimo. ABRAHAM 



1 DS, DNA RG 46, Senate 38A F6. This communication is docketed by the 
clerk as read in the Senate on March 14, referred to the committee on Indian 
affairs, and ordered to be printed, but the Senate Journal supplies the date as 
March 8, which is obviously incorrect in view of enclosures dated March 10 
and March 11, 1864. Senator James H. Lane's resolution of February 29, 
1864, requested the president to furnish "the amount of money received by 
the government for the sale of the Wea trust lands in Kansas, and the manner 
in which said money was invested; if in State bonds, what states, and whether 
the interest of said State bonds has been paid; and if any of said bonds were 
stolen, what ones, and what provision has been made for the bonds so stolen." 
Concerning the so-called "Russell Fraud," see note to Lincoln's letter to Bates, 
March 11, 1861, supra. Secretary Usher's report of March 11, 1864, trans- 
mitted with Lincoln's communication supra, may be found in Senate Execu- 
tive Document No. 28. 



To the Senate and House of Representatives 1 

March 14, 1864 
To the Senate and House of Representatives: 

I transmit to Congress a copy of a Treaty between the United 
States and Great Britain, for the final settlement of the claims of 
the Hudson's Bay and Puget's Sound Agricultural Companies, 
concluded on the ist. of July, last, the ratifications of which were 
exchanged in this City, on the 5th. instant; and recommend an 
appropriation to carry into effect the first, second, and third ar- 
ticles thereof. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

Washington, 14th. March, 1864. 

[246] 



MARCH 15, 1864 

IDS, DNA RG 46, Senate 3 8A F 2; DS, DNA RG 233, House Executive 
Document No. 54. The first, second, and third articles of the treaty provided 
for the appointment of a commissioner to investigate rights of the Hudson Bay 
and Puget Sound Agricultural Companies. An act approved June 27, 1864, 
authorized the president to appoint a commissioner and a clerk and appro- 
priated necessary funds. 

To the Senate and House of Representatives 1 

March 14, 1864 
To the Senate and House of Representatives: 

On the 25th. day of November 1862, a Convention for the mu- 
tual adjustment of claims pending between the United States and 
Ecuador, was signed at Quito by the plenipotentiaries of the con- 
tracting parties. A copy is herewith enclosed. 

This Convention, already ratified by this Government, has been 
sent to Quito for the customary exchange of ratifications, which 
it is not doubted will be promptly effected, As the stipulations of 
the instrument require that the Commissioners who are to be 
appointed pursuant to its provisions shall meet at Guayaquil 
within ninety days after such exchange, it is desirable that the 
legislation necessary to give effect to the Convention on the part 
of the United States, should anticipate the usual course of pro- 
ceeding. I therefore invite the early attention of Congress to the 
subject. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

Washington March 14, 1864. 

i DS, DNA RG 46, Senate 38 A F2; DS, DNA RG 233, House Executive 
Document No. 55. An act approved March 28, 1864, authorized appointment 
of a commissioner and appropriated necessary funds. 



Endorsement Concerning Churches 
in New Orleans 1 

March 15, 1864 

While I leave this case to the discretion of Gen. Banks, my view 
is, that the U.S. should not appoint trustees for or in any way 
take charge of any church as such. If the building is needed for 
military purposes, take it; if it is not so needed, let its church 
people have it, dealing with any disloyal people among them, as 
you deal with other disloyal people. A. LINCOLN 

March 15th. 1864 

1 Copy, DLC-RTL. The copy of Lincoln's endorsement is on a copy of a 
letter from Elijah Guion, Thomas Sloo, and John B. Morison, of New Orleans, 

[247] 



MARCH 15, 1864 

March 5, 1864, complaining of an order by General James Bowen requiring 
them to surrender the keys and property of St. Paul's Church. 

To Ulysses S. Grant 1 

Private Executive Mansion 

Lieut. Genl. Grant Washington, B.C. 

Nashville, Term. March 15. 1864 

Gen. McPherson having been assigned to the command of a 
Department, could not Gen. Frank Blair without difficulty or 
detriment to the service, be assigned to command the corps he 
commanded a while last autumn? A LINCOLN 

1ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 6. Grant replied on 
March 16: "General Logan commands the corps referred to in your despatch. 
I "will see General Sherman within a few days and consult him about the 
transfer, and answer." On March 17 Grant telegraphed again: "General Sher- 
man is here. He consents to the transfer of General Logan to the seventeenth 
corps and the appointment of General F. P. Blair to the fifteenth corps." On 
March 26 General John A. Logan telegraphed: "I understand by the papers 
that it is contemplated to make a change of commanders of the ith and i7th 
army corps, so as to transfer me to the i7th. I hope this will not be done. I 
fully understand the organization of the 15th corps now ... I ... earnestly 
hope that the change may not be made." Finally Grant notified Sherman on 
March 31 that "General F. P. Blair will be assigned to the seventeenth (i7th) 
corps, and not the fifteenth, (5th.). . . ." (Thirty-eighth Congress, First Ses- 
sion, House Executive Document No. 8o t pp. 4-5). 

AGO General Orders No. 98, March 12, 1864, assigned McPherson to com- 
mand the Department of the Tennessee and Sherman to replace Grant in com- 
mand of the Military Division of the Mississippi. AGO General Orders No. 178, 
April 23, 1864, assigned Blair to command the Seventeenth Army Corps. See 
Lincoln to Stanton, April 21, and to the House of Representatives, April 28, 
infra. 

To Michael Hahn 1 

His Excellency Executive Mansion, 

Michael Hahn Washington, 

Governor of Louisiana March 15. 1864. 

Until further order, you are hereby invested with the powers 
exercised hitherto by the Military Governor of Louisiana. Yours 
truly ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

1 ALS-P, ISLA. With this letter Lincoln enclosed copies of the commission of 
General George F. Shepley and War Department instructions to Shepley of 
June 3, 1862 (OR, III, IV, 182). On April 6 Governor Hahn wrote Lincoln: 
"Your private letter of ... the 13th and official letter of the i5th . . . came 
duly to hand. I thank you sincerely for the kind and confiding manner in 
which you have always treated me, and I can only promise in return that be- 
sides doing all in my power towards the restoration of the Union, I shall feel 
pleasure in seeing it restored under your administration. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 

[248] 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

If the vacancy has not been filled, let the within request be 
granted. A. LINCOLN 

March 15. 1864 

1 AES, owned by Harry E. Blake, Alhambra, California. Lincoln's endorse- 
ment is written on a letter from Senator James R. Doolittle and others, March 
12, 1864, asking reappointment of Captain Edward Sanford Blake of Wisconsin 
who had resigned because of illness on October 6, 1863. No record of his re- 
appointment has been found. 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, March 15. 1864. 

Please see the gallant Drummer-boy, Robert H. Hendershot, 
whose history is briefly written on the fine drum presented him 
which he now carries. He must have a chance, and if you can find 
any situation suitable to him, I shall be obliged. Yours truly 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, IHi. Robert H. Hendershot of the Eighth Michigan Volunteers, born 
in December, 1850, was barely twelve years old when he distinguished him- 
self at the Battle of Fredericksburg on December 13, 1862. He was discharged 
for disability at Falmouth, Virginia, December 27, 1862, and accounts of his 
exploits in the Battle of Murfreesboro, are unreliable. Following his discharge, 
he became something of a celebrity and an attraction at Barnum's Museum. 
His drum, referred to by Lincoln, was the present of the Tribune Association 
of New York. There is no record of his appointment by Stanton, but he was 
eventually employed as messenger in the office of U.S. Treasurer Francis E. 
Spinner who recommended that he be appointed to West Point on January i, 
1865 (see Lincoln's endorsement of January i, 1865, infra). According to 
William S. Dodge, Robert Henry Hendershot; or, The Brave Drummer Boy 
of the Rappahannock (Chicago, 1867), his appointment was the last one Lin- 
coln made for West Point, but no record has been found of his entrance. See 
also Frank Moore, The Civil War in Song and Story, i86o-i86$ (New York, 
), pp. 245-46. 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War Executive Mansion, 

Dear Sir: Washington, March 15, 1864. 

I understand a question exists as to the time the Pennsylvania 
Reserve Corps' term expires. Let them have their own way upon 
that, unless it would cause very considerable injury. Yours truly 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, ORB. On March 4, 1864 Governor Curtin wrote Lincoln: "In May, 
1861, the Legislature of Pennsylvania directed fifteen regiments to be raised, 

[249] 



MARCH 15, 1864 

subsisted, and instructed by the State, to be called the Pennsylvania Reserve 
Corps. . . . This division was enlisted for three years, and sworn into the serv- 
ice of the State in ... June and July, 1861, and was to be turned over to the 
United States whenever it should be called for. . . . After the battle of Bull 
Run the whole division was wanted by the United States. . . . The three 
years for which the men enlisted count from the date of their being mustered 
into the service of the State. They are now told . . . that they will be held for 
three years from the date of their being mustered into the service of the United 
States. The United States may thus gain a few days, or even a month's service, 
at the expense of creating dissatisfaction and losing the men for a new period 
of three years. . . ." (OR, I, XXXIII, 636-38). 

On April 30 Thomas M. Vincent instructed General Meade to discharge the 
men as of the date of their state muster. (Ibid., p. 1032). 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Private Executive Mansion, 

Hon. Sec. of War Washington, 

My dear Sir, March 15, 1864. 

I shall be personally obliged if you will allow Silas H. Highley 
to take the oath of Dec. 8. and be discharged. Yours truly 

A. LINCOLN 

ES. He is at Alton, Illinois. A L. 

l ALS, NHi. Edward Bates' Diary under date of March 15, 1864, notes that 
"I have succeeded, at last, in getting the order for the discharge of young Silas 
Highley, of St. Joe . . . and his father, the old Captain, has gone home re- 
joicing, with the order in his pocket." 

To Whom It May Concern 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
Whom it may concern. March 15. 1864. 

Major General Sickles is making a tour for me from here by 
way of Cairo, New-Orleans, and returning by the Gulf and Ocean; 
and all Land and Naval officers and employees, are directed to 
furnish reasonable transportation and other reasonable facilities 
to himself and personal Staff, not inconsistent with the public 
service. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

1 ALS copy, DLC-RTL. See Lincoln to Steele, February 25, supra. 

To Isaac Murphy 1 

Office U.S. Military Telegraph, 

Gov. Isaac Murphy War Department, 

Little Rock, Ark Washington, B.C., March i6th. 1864. 

What of your election on the 14th.? A. LINCOLN 

[250] 



MARCH 17, 1864 

i ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 7. Governor Murphy's 
reply sent on March 16, was received at i A.M. on March 17: "Polls close 
tonight twelve (12) M. We are confident of victory A heavy vote here, not 
counted, will send results as soon as known." (DLC-RTL). 

To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Major General Butler Executive Mansion, 

Fort-Monroe, Va Washington, March 17, 1864. 

If you obtain the remains of Col. Dahlgren, please notify me 
instantly, so that I can let his afflicted know A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 9. See Lincoln to But- 
ler, March 7, supra. Butler replied the same day, "The President shall be in- 
formed of the arrival of Col Dahlgren's remains at the earliest possible mo- 
ment. Probably on Sunday" (DLC-Butler Papers). 



To John A. J. CreswelP 

Hon. John A. J. Creswell Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, March 17, 1864. 

It needs not to be a secret, that I wish success to emancipation 
in Maryland. It would aid much to end the rebellion. Hence it is 
a matter of national consequence, in which every national man, 
may rightfully feel a deep interest. I sincerely hope the friends 
of the measure will allow no minor considerations to divide and 
distract them. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

i ALS-F, ISLA; ADfS, DLC-RTL. See Lincoln to Creswell, March 7, supra. 
The new Maryland constitution, drafted by the convention which met at An- 
napolis on April 27, and adopted at the election of October 12 and 13, 1864, 
prohibited slavery by its Article Twenty-three. 

Order for Discharge of Christopher C. Callan 
and Daniel R. Payne 1 

March 17, 1864 

Let Christopher C. Callan and Daniel R. Payne, named within, 
take the oath of Dec. 8, and be discharged and remain hereabouts 
for the object within indicated A. LINCOLN 

March 17, 1864 

1 AES, owned by R. E. Burdick, New York City. Lincoln's endorsement is 
written on a letter from Judge John C. Underwood, U.S. District Court, Alex- 
andria, Virginia, March 14, 1864, asking discharge of Captain Christopher C. 
Callan and Private Daniel R. Payne, Confederate deserters, who had "cheer- 
fully given most important testimony for the government" and would be im- 
portant witnesses in other cases. 

[251] 



To William S. Rosecrans 1 

Major Gen'l Rosecrans. Executive Mansion, 

St: Louis, Mo. Washington, March i/th. 1864. 

Suspend execution of death sentence of John T. Abshier, citizen, 
until further orders. A. LINCOLN. 

Maj: Eckert 

Please send the above dispatch JNO. G. NICOLAY 

Priv: Sec 

i D, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 8. The telegram is in the 
handwriting of Edward Neill, and signed by Nicolay. No reply has been found. 
John T. Abshier, citizen of Missouri, was sentenced to be hanged for murder 
and "violation of laws and customs of war." General Rosecrans recommended 
commutation to imprisonment because of Abshier's youth and the loyalty of 
his family. On February 9, 1864, however, Lincoln approved the death sen- 
tence (DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, MM 1001). AGO Special 
Orders No. 134, April i, 1864, commuted the sentence to imprisonment. 

To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Major General Butler, Executive Mansion, 

Fortress Monroe. Washington, March i8th, 1864. 

Edward P. Brooks, ist Lieutenant 6th Wisconsin, is a prisoner of 
war, at Richmond. I desire, that if practicable his special exchange 
be effected for a rebel prisoner of same rank. Have you one to 
send, and can you arrange it at once? A, LINCOLN 

Maj: Eckert 
Please send the above dispatch JNO. G. NICOLAY 

Priv: Sec 

ID, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, n. The telegram is in 
the handwriting of Edward Neill and signed by Nicolay. See Lincoln to Butler, 
March 14, supra. Butler replied the same day: "The exchange desired has been 
proposed, Boat leaves tonight." (DLC-Butler Papers). On March 23 he wrote 
further: "I have the honor to report to you the exchange of Edward P. Brooks, 
ist. Lieut. 6th. Regt. Wis. Vols, concerning whom you telegraphed me the 
other day. He is now on board the Flag of Truce boat which has just re- 
turned from City Point. The boat brought down more than nine hundred 
(900) men and sixty three (63) officers. I have the honor also to enclose an 
open letter sent by the same Flag of Truce directed to yourself. . . ." (DLC- 
RTL). 

Endorsement Concerning Benjamin A. Watson 1 

March 18, 1864 

The writer of this resides in my town, is an intimate acquaintance 
and friend, and is of good character, and good qualification for the 

[252] 



MARCH l8 9 1864 

business he seeks to be engaged in. I know nothing of the particu- 
lar case. A. LINCOLN 
March 18. 1864 

1 AES, IHi. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter from Benjamin A. 
Watson of W. W. Watson & Son, confectioners at Springfield, Illinois, March 
12, 1864: 

"There is some talk about town that there will be a Tost Sutler' appointed 
for *Camp Butler' 

"I have an appointment from Gov Yates under -which I have bought a stock 
of goods for the Camp, if there is to be any change made at Camp Butler, am 
I asking too much of you to say to Mr Stanton to give me the commission of 
'Post Sutler' for 'Camp Butler.' " 

No further reference has been found. 

To Isaac Murphy 1 

Office U.S. Military Telegraph, 

Gov. Murphy War Department, 

Little-Rock, Ark. Washington, B.C. March 18. 1864. 

Yours of yesterday received, & thanks for it. Send further re- 
turns when you receive them. Will do my best to protect people 
and new State government, but can act with no better intentions 
than have always done. Tell Gen. Steele I have Randolph's par- 
don 2 & will send by mail if he says so. A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 10. Governor Murphy's 
telegram of March 17 is as follows: "Only eight counties heard from they 
give 3,556 votes only 137 votes against constitution. We feel sure of 10,000 
when the other counties are heard from & soldiers vote obtained. Guerrillas 
made immense efforts to hinder the election. The people are full of enthusiasm 
but much alarmed Will you give them assurance of the energetic protection 
of the government praise be to God!" (DLC-RTL). 

A telegram from Murphy sent on March 22 but not received until March 
27, is as follows: "More than eight Thousand (8000) votes reported, the entire 
vote will exceed ten thousand (10,000) the people have been enthusiastic in 
view of the protection of law voting in immense risk of loss of life & property, 
the guerrilas having threatened to hang every one, that went to the polls. 
Should the army leave the line of the Arkansas unprotected terror would 
prevail the state. Will the Gov't accept of two (2) regts. of artillery, one (i) 
black & a regt of Cavalry armed for pursuit of guerrilas. The swamps & 
mountains are full of armed rebels waiting for the movement of the army 
to pounce upon unprotected points. ... As it is, the risk is great. All may be 
lost that has been gained by the election. We need arms to arm the loyal. . . ." 
(DLC-RTL). 2 See Lincoln to Bates, March 7, supra. 

Remarks at Closing of Sanitary Fair, 
Washington, B.C. 1 

March 18, 1864 

Ladies and Gentlemen: I appear to say but a word. This extra- 
ordinary war in which we are engaged falls heavily upon all 

[253] 



MARCH 18, 1864 

classes of people, but the most heavily upon the soldier. For it has 
been said, all that a man hath will he give for his life; and while 
all contribute of their substance the soldier puts his life at stake, 
and often yields it up in his country's cause. The highest merit, 
then, is due to the soldier. [Cheers.] 

In this extraordinary war extraordinary developments have 
manifested themselves, such as have not been seen in former wars; 
and amongst these manifestations nothing has been more re- 
markable than these fairs for the relief of suffering soldiers and 
their families. And the chief agents in these fairs are the women 
of America. [Cheers.] 

I am not accustomed to the use of language of eulogy; I have 
never studied the art of paying compliments to women; but I must 
say that if all that has been said by orators and poets since the 
creation of the world in praise of woman were applied to the 
women of America, it would not do them justice for their conduct 
during this war. I will close by saying God bless the women of 
America! [Great applause.] 

1 Washington Evening Star, March 19, 1864. This item is misdated March 
16, 1864, by Hertz (II, 923) and Lapsley (VII, 105). This is the most complete 
report of Lincoln's remarks which has been found. A briefer version appeared 
in the Morning Chronicle and other papers. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Secretary of War: Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, March 18. 1864. 

I am so pressed in regard to prisoners of war in our custody, 
whose homes are within our lines, and who wish to not be ex- 
changed, but to take the oath and be discharged, that I hope you 
will pardon me for again calling up the subject. My impression is 
that we will not ever force the exchange of any of this class; that 
taking the oath, and being discharged, none of them will again go 
to the rebellion, but the rebellion again coming to them, a consider- 
able per centage of them, probably not a majority, would rejoin 
it; that by a cautious discrimination the number so discharged 
would not be large enough to do any considerable mischief in 
any event; would relieve distress in, at least some meritorious 
cases; and would give me some relief from an intolerable pressure. 



DLC-Stanton Papers; ADf, DLC-RTL. The letter sent to Stanton is 
reproduced as sent, but represents only the first paragraph of the draft. The 
remainder of the draft is reproduced following Lincoln's signature. Stanton re- 
plied on March 19: "Your order for the discharge of any prisoners of war, will 
be cheerfully & promptly obeyed." (DLC-RTL). 

[254] 



MARCH l8 9 1864 

I shall be glad therefore to have your cheerful assent to the dis- 
charge of those whose names I may send, which I will only do 
with circumspection. Yours truly A LINCOLN 

In using the strong hand, as now compelled to do, the government 
has a difficult duty to perform. At the very best, it will by turns 
do both too little and too much. It can properly have no motive of 
revenge, no purpose to punish merely for punishment's sake. 
While we must, by all available means, prevent the overthrow 
of the government, we should avoid planting and cultivating too 
many thorns in the bosom of society. These general remarks ap- 
ply to several classes of cases, on each of which I wish to say a 
word. 

First, the dismissal of officers when neither incompetency, nor 
intentional wrong, nor real injury to the service, is imputed. In 
such cases it is both cruel and impolitic, to crush the man, .and 
make him and his friends permanent enemies to the administra- 
tion if not to the government itself. I think of two instances. 
One wherein a Surgeon, for the benefit of patients in his charge, 
needed some lumber, and could only get it by making a false cer- 
tificate wherein the lumber was denominated "butter & eggs" and 
he was dismissed for the false certificate. The other a Surgeon by 
the name of Owen 2 who served from the beginning of the war till 
recently, with two servants, and without objection, when upon 
discovery that the servants were his own sons, he was dismissed. 

Another class consists of those who are known or strongly sus- 
pected, to be in sympathy with the rebellion. An instance of this 
is the family of Southern, 8 who killed a recruiting officer last au- 
tumn, in Maryland. He fled, and his family are driven from their 
home, without a shelter or crumb, except when got by burthen- 
ing our friends more than our enemies. Southern had no justifica- 
tion to kill the officer; and yet he would not have been killed if 
he had proceeded in the temper and manner agreed upon by your- 
self and Gov. Bradford. But this is past. What is to be done with 
the family? Why can they not occupy their old home, and excite 
much less opposition to the government than the manifestation of 
their distress is now doing? If the house is really needed for the 
public service; or if it has been regularly confiscated and the title 
transferred, the case is different. 

2 The only surgeon of this name who has been identified -was Joshua J. Owen 
of Pennsylvania, appointed August 3, 1861, and mustered out on July 27, 1865. 
No record has been found of his dismissal. 

3 Concerning John H. Sothoron, see the note to Lincoln's telegram to 
Schenck, October 21, and Lincoln to Stanton, November 22, 1863, supra. 

[255] 



MARCH l8 9 1864 

Again, the cases of persons, mostly women, wishing to pass our 
lines, one way or the other. We have, in some cases, been ap- 
parantly, if not really, inconsistent upon this subject that is, we 
have forced some to go who wished to stay, and forced others to 
stay who wished to go. Suppose we allow all females, with un- 
grown children of either sex, to go South, if they desire, upon ab- 
solute prohibition against returning during the war; and all to 
come North upon the same condition of not returning during the 
war, and the additional condition of taking the oath. 

I wish to mention two special cases both of which you well 
remember. The first is that of Yocum. 4 He was unquestionably 
guilty. No one asking for his pardon pretends the contrary. What 
he did, however, was perfectly lawful, only a short while before, 
and the change making it unlawful had not, even then been fully 
accepted in the public mind. It is doubtful whether Yocum did not 
suppose it was really lawful to return a slave to a loyal owner, 
though it is certain he did the thing secretly, in the belief that his 
superiors would not allow it if known to them. But the great point 

* See Lincoln to Holt, February 3 and endorsement February 1 6, supra. On 
March 24, Attorney General Bates wrote Secretary Seward: 

"I am directed by the President to request you to issue a -warrant for the 
pardon of William Yocum, with the following recital. 

" *Whereas one William Yocum was convicted by a General Court Martial 
sitting in Washington D.C. in January 1864, of aiding in kidnapping and ab- 
stracting an employee of the United States from the military service . . . and 
was sentenced to confinement at hard labor, for five years, in the Penitentiary 
at Albany N.Y. 

" 'And whereas, previous to his said conviction, the said William Yokum 
had been a loyal and patriotic citizen, and a faithful and efficient servant of 
the Government; 

" *And whereas the said William Yokum is an aged man, and has a large 
family dependent on his labor for support; and has now suffered a sufficient 
punishment for the offence committed; 

" *And whereas Hon. G. Clay Smith, Hon. Lucian Anderson, Hon. Brutus 
J. Clay, Hon. W. H. Randall, Hon. S. L. Casey and many other highly re- 
spectable citizens have earnestly petitioned for his pardon; 
"'Now therefore &c: &c: &c:. . . . ' " (DLC-RTL). 

Seward forwarded a copy to Stanton with a note to the effect that the requi- 
sition would not be complied with "until I shall learn your views on the sub- 
ject." Stanton endorsed: "My views are that the President could commit no 
greater mistake, and in no way do the military service, his own administration, 
the sense of public justice & his own reputation so much harm as by granting 
this pardon and in the name of the Department, and on behalf of the colored 
people to whom the President has promised protection and emancipation I re- 
spectfully protest against the pardon of a man who while in the Military serv- 
ice gave a colored man under his command into the hands of a slave dealer to 
be sold & held in bondage. His crime in my judgment is greater than that of 
the African Slave trader and his pardon will in my opinion injure the govern- 
ment in the eyes of all civilized nations and destroy the faith of the colored 
man in the government." (Ibid.). 

[256] 



MARC H 21, 1864 

with me is that the severe punishment of five years at hard labor 
in the Penitentiary is not at all necessary to prevent the repetition 
of the crime by himself or by others. If the offence was one of fre- 
quent recurrence, the case would be different; but this case of Yo- 
cum is the single instance which has come to my knowledge. I 
think that for all public purposes, and for all proper purposes, he 
has suffered enough. 

The case of Smithson is troublesome. 5 His wife and children are 
quartered mostly on our friends, and exciting a great deal of sym- 
pathy, which will soon tell against us. What think you of sending 
him and his family South, holding the sentence over him to be 
re-inforced if he returns during the war. 

5 See Lincoln's endorsement of August i, 1863, supra. William T. Smithson 
was still in confinement in September, 1864. 

To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Major General Butler Executive Mansion, 

Fort-Monroe, Va Washington, March 19, 1864. 

Please find a Captain amo[ng] the rebel prisoners in your 
charge and exchange of for Capt. T. Ten Eyck, of i8th. U.S. In- 
fantry, now a prisoner at Richmond. A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 12. No reply has been 
located. See Lincoln's telegram to Butler, April 23, infra, concerning exchange 
of Tenodor Ten Eyck at request of Senator John C. Ten Eyck of New Jersey. 

Order for Discharge of George B, Ackerman 1 

March 20, 1864 

If George B. Ackerman, now a prisoner of War at Camp Douglas, 
Illinois, shall take the oath of December 8. 1863, and be dis- 
charged, I pledge my honor he will keep faith. HENRY WILSON 

Let him take the oath and be discharged. A. LINCOLN 

March 20 1864 

1 AD and AES, IHi. The document is in Lincoln's autograph, excepting Wil- 
son's signature. 

To Montgomery Blair 1 

Post-Master-General Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, March 21, 1864. 

These young ladies, Miss Dugger and Miss Beattie, are from 
Illinois, & want employment. They are loyal and worthy, and I 

[257] 



MARCH 21, 1864 

shall be very glad indeed if places can be found for them. Yours 

A. LINCOLN 



!ALS, owned by Richard F. Lufkin, Boston, Massachusetts. Miss Susan 
Dugger of Carlinville, Illinois, was given a job in the Post Office Department 
and later transferred to the Treasury Department, but no record of Miss 
Beattie's employment has been found. 

To Clara and Julia Brown 1 

Executive Mansion Washington 
Misses Clara & Julia Brown March 21 1864 

The Afgan you sent is received, and gratefully accepted. I es- 
pecially like my little friends; and although you have never seen 
me, I am glad you remember me for the country's sake, and even 
more, that you remember, and try to help, the poor Soldiers. Yours 
very truly A LINCOLN 

1 Copy, DLC-HW. This letter is misdated March 2, 1864, in Tracy (p. 238). 
The copy was sent to Herndon by H. C. Brown, Nyack on the Hudson, Feb- 
ruary 13, 1867: "I enclose one [letter] reed by by [szc] nay little daughters 
(then 11 & 13 years old respectively). . . ." (Ibid.). A note on the bottom of 
the copy explains that a photograph of Clara and Julia was sent with the 
afghan. The letter from Clara and Julia, dated at Buffalo, New York, March 9, 
1864, is as follows: 

"Please accept this Afghan from your little friends who desire to express 
their regard. . . . The afghan -was exhibited at the 'Central Fair' recently 
held here, and now we are very happy in sending it to our Dear President. 

"Please remember that you have little friends in Buffalo who pray for you, 
that you may be cheerful, strong and wise." (DLC-RTL). 

Endorsement Concerning George W. Lane 1 

I approve the object of the within. A. LINCOLN. 
March 21, 1864. 

1 Naval Records, I, X, 164. Lincoln's endorsement is on a letter from Ben- 
jamin F. Butler, March 19, 1864, stating that George W. Lane of the steam 
tug Philadelphia should have permission to trade in Chowan County, North 
Carolina. 

To Henry H. Lockwood 1 

March 21, 1864 

So far as I know, the placing of Maj. Gen. Wallace in command 
at Baltimore, was not in consequence of any objection of any sort, 
to Gen. Lockwood. This much said in writing, I verbally explain 
a little further to Lt. Col Massey. A. 

March 21. 1864 

[258] 



MARCH 21, 864 

1 AES, NNP. Lincoln's endorsement is -written on a letter from Brigadier 
General Henry H. Lockwood, Headquarters, Middle Department, Baltimore, 
Maryland, March ai, 1864: 

"When I had the honor to see Your excellency, you intimated that I would 
not be removed from the command of this Dept. except for cause. An order 
having been issued for my removal, I infer that there exists some cause. My 
object in troubling you with this letter is to know if this cause be personal mili- 
tary or political. If the latter then I have nothing more to say, as being no 
politician I cannot pretend to comprehend the operations of the political world. 
But if the cause be either personal or military, I hold my reputation too dear 
not to seek, very respectfully an explanation, and set the honored head of the 
state right, if any one has maligned me. This letter is taken by my confiden- 
tial officer and friend Lt. Col. [George V.] Massey, who awaits a brief inter- 
view with you, and who being privy to all my doings can refute any erroneous 
impressions you may have reed, respecting me." 

AGO General Orders No. 97, March 12, 1864, assigned Major General Lewis 
Wallace to command of the Middle Department. 



Reply to New York Workingmen's Democratic 
Republican Association 1 

Gentlemen of the Committee. March 21, 1864 

The honorary membership in your Association, as generously 
tendered, is gratefully accepted. 

You comprehend, as your address shows, that the existing re- 
bellion, means more, and tends to more, than the perpetuation of 
African Slavery that it is, in fact, a war upon the rights of all 
working people. Partly to show that this view has not escaped my 
attention, and partly that I cannot better express myself, I read 
a passage from the Message to Congress in December 1861: 

"It continues to develop that the insurrection ******* 
* * * till all of liberty shall be lost." 2 

The view's then expressed remain unchanged, nor have I much 
to add. None are so deeply interested to resist the present rebellion 
as the working people. Let them beware of prejudice, working di- 
vision and hostility among themselves. The most notable feature 
of a disturbance in your city last summer, was the hanging of some 
working people by other working people. It should never be so. 
The strongest bond of human sympathy, outside of the family re- 
lation, should be one uniting all working people, of all nations, 
and tongues, and kindreds. Nor should this lead to a war upon 
property, or the owners of property. Property is the fruit of labor 

property is desirable is a positive good in the world. 

That some should be rich, shows that others may become rich, and 
hence is just encouragement to industry and enterprize. Let not 
him who is houseless pull down the house of another; but let him 

[259] 



MARCH 21, 864 

labor diligently and build one for himself, thus by example assur- 
ing that his own shall be safe from violence when built. 

1 D, DLC-RTL. This manuscript, not in Lincoln's autograph, is probably a 
copy of the original of which no trace has been discovered. The New York 
Tribune -, March 22, 1864, reported the occasion but gave an incomplete text of 
Lincoln's reply: 

"A Committee on behalf of the New- York Workingmen's Democratic Repub- 
lican Association today waited on the President to inform him that their asso- 
ciation had elected him an honorary member. The object of the organization 
is to advance the workingmen of America in morals, position and loyalty; it 
binds them together in support of the Union, and induces them at all sacri- 
fices to sustain it. They requested Mr. Lincoln to give his views on the sub- 
ject matter of which their address treated." 

2 The passage indicated by ellipsis in the document may be found in volume 
v, 51-3- 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Secretary of War. Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, March 21,1 864. 

If there is on file a request of Gen. Meigs, that William Alex- 
ander may be appointed an Assistant Quarter-Master, with the 
rank of Captain, let him be appointed. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS-P, ISLA. No record has been found of William Alexander's appoint- 
ment. 



To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Major General Butler Executive Mansion, 

Fort-Monroe, Va Washington, March 22. 1864. 

Hon. W. R. Morrison, says he has requested you by letter to 
effect a special exchange of Lt. Col. A. F. Rogers, of Both. Ills. 
Vols. now in Libby Prison and I shall be glad if you can effect it. 

A LINCOLN 

1 ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 13. General Butler re- 
plied on the same day: "I had supposed that I had effected the exchange of 
Lieut Col [Andrew F.] Rogers of the 8oth. Illinois, but when the prisoner came 
down, it was the wrong Col Rogers. However I will try again." (DLC-Butler 
Papers). 



On Slavery 1 

I never knew a man who wished to be himself a slave. Consider 

if you know any good thing, that no man desires for himself. 

March 22, 1864 A. 

[260] 



MARCH 23, 1864 

IADS, CSmH. As first printed by Tracy (p. 239), this item was identified 
as having been written in an autograph album for a Sanitary Fair. It is no 
longer in an album, and the circumstances of its composition are unknown. 



To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States: March 22, 1864 

I herewith lay before the Senate, for its constitutional action 
thereon, a treaty made and concluded in Washington City on the 
i8th instant, by and between William P Dole, commissioner of 
Indian Affairs, and the Shawnee Indians, represented by their 
duly authorized delegates. 

A report of the Secretary of the Interior and a communication 
of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs accompany the treaty. 

ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 
Executive Office, Washington, March 22d, 1864. 

1 Executive Journal, XIII, 456. The treaty and accompanying documents 
were referred to the committee on Indian affairs and ordered to be printed, 
but on May 4, Senator Samuel C. Pomeroy presented a remonstrance against 
the treaty from the Chilicothe band of Shawnees. No further action seems to 
have been taken. 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

If services needed let him be appointed. A. LINCOLN 
March 22. 1864 

1 AES, RPB. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter of Colonel Lewis 
A. Grant, commanding the Second Brigade, Second Division, Sixth Corps, to 
Stanton, March 12, 1864, asking that First Lieutenant John W. Clark, quarter- 
master of the Sixth Vermont Volunteers, be appointed captain. Clark's ap- 
pointment was confirmed by the Senate on April 7, 1864. 



To George G. Meade 1 

Major General Meade Executive Mansion, 

Army of Potomac Washington, March 23, 1864. 

Please suspend execution of Alanson Orton, under sentence for 
desertion, until further order A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, owned by R. E. Burdick, New York City. No reply has been found. 
See Lincoln to Meade, March 24, infra. General Court Martial Orders No. 6, 
March 4, 1864, ordered execution of "Allison Ortan," First Battalion, Twelfth 
Infantry, on March 25. 

[261] 



To Robert C. Schenck 1 

March 23, 1864 

After the company left last evening, Mrs. L. made known to me 
a little matter which has annoyed me ever since ... I beg to as- 
sure you that a programme was brought to me, exactly as I carried 
it out; and that I had not the slightest suspicion of a mistake. I 
am aware this is no great matter, not going beyond a little tem- 
porary embarrassment to any but myself; still I feel that this ex- 
planation is due all round, which I am sure you will believe is 
the truth, and nothing but the truth. 

1 Emily Driscoll Catalog 12, April, 1951, No. 126. The source describes this 
incomplete text as being from an autograph letter signed. Representative 
Schenck, chairman of the committee on military affairs, answered on the 
same day: "I am very sorry that you have felt annoyed in any way, or for 
a moment, by the little matter of last evening. I did not for an instant sup- 
pose that it was any thing but accidental, & without design, that Mrs. Lin- 
coln's arrangement was not carried out; I should not have given it another 
thought, but for your note which I have just received. I pray you not to think 
of it again. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 

To Carl Schurz 1 

Executive Mansion Washington, 
Major General Schurz. March 23. 1864 

My dear Sir: The letter, of which the above is a copy, was sent 
to you, before Mr. Willmann saw me; and now yours of the igth. 
tells me you did not receive it. 

I do not wish to be more specific about the difficulty of your 
coming to Washington. I think you can easily conjecture it. I per- 
ceive no objection to your making a political speech when you are 
where one is to be made; but quite surely speaking in the North, 
and fighting in the South, at the same time, are not possible. Nor 
could I be justified to detail any officer to the political campaign 
during it's continuance, and then return him to the Army 

1 ADf, DLC-RTL. See Lincoln to Schurz, March 13, supra, a signed copy of 
which precedes this letter in the manuscript draft. On March 19 Schurz wrote 
Lincoln from New York: 

"Mr. [Andreas] Willmann of this city, who delivered my last letter . . . 
was informed . . . that you had written to me in reply, but as I have received 
no letter whatever from you, there must be some mistake. . . . From what 
Mr. Willmann told me of his conversation with you I am led to believe that 
you consider my taking part in the electoral contest this summer as attended 
with some difficulty in asmuch as it would not be an easy thing to find a 
proper command and position for me afterwards. This as well as your silence 
upon my letters I can explain upon no other supposition than that you have 
entirely hindered my intentions. 

"Under present circumstances I do not want to appear to feel bound by any 

[262] 



MARCH 23, 1864 

favor from anybody. If I can take an active part in the political contest con- 
sistently, with my position in the army, I shall be glad . . . expecting noth- 
ing for myself but to resume my old position . . . after the election. If a po- 
litical activity be deemed inconsistent with my military position, I shall then 
have to make my choice. ... I wish to assure you here emphatically, that 
in neither case I would make any demands on the administration. . , . 

"About this and several other matters of a political nature. I desired to have 
a conversation with you. At a time like this I would not consider it out of place 
to volunteering advice and opinion about a few points of some importance. . . . 
It is somewhat difficult for me to understand why I do not receive this per- 
mission in reply to my letter. 

". . . . For your information I send you a copy of my argument before the 
Court of Inquiry which I had printed for my own private use. ... I would 
be completely satisfied with the command of a respectable division in some 
other Dept., Gen. Sigel's for instance, . . . and that, in case the nth Corps is 
taken from under Gen. Hooker, I shall be quite content with the command I 
now have. . . . 

"I am quite sick, suffering from all sorts of complaints common in camps. 
I expect however to be able in a few days to return to the Army. Until then 
I should be glad to know what I shall have to do, and on my way there to 
visit Washington, unless my presence there be particularly undesirable." 
(DLC-RTL). 

On March 21 Schurz wrote again: 

"At last I have received your letter of the 13th; it was not directed to my 
hotel and I did, therefore, not hear of it until it was advertised in the papers. 

"My letters to you were dictated by the ardent desire to see the unity of the 
party unimpaired at the next presidential election, for without that unity 
the prospective result seems to me extremely doubtful. ... I thought that my 
opinion and advice upon several points of importance might be entitled to some 
consideration . . . for there are things which it is better to discuss in private 
than in public. In believing that a full exchange of views might be desirable 
not only to me but also to you, it seems I was mistaken. While a number of 
generals were permitted to visit Washington, it is difficult for me to under- 
stand, how my presence there could be attended with unpleasant difficulties or 
even be detrimental to the public service. I might perhaps claim a right to 
know, what particular unpleasant difficulty or what detriment to the service 
is meant, but I apprehend I have to submit not only to an incomprehensible 
refusal but also to a mysterious hint as to the cause of that refusal. I ap- 
proached you with the feelings of a friend, not to ask for something but to 
offer something and I find myself turned off very much like an enemy or a 
suspicious character. I must confess, I cannot understand this. ... I did not 
think it would be as difficult with your assistance to procure me an opportunity 
to take an active part in the political contest some time in July or August and 
September; and if you think it is, I shall then have to decide the question of 
my remaining in the army for myself when the time comes. 

"While I regret most sincerely that you deemed best to cut off a full ex- 
change of views, I beg you not to construe this letter as a renewed application 
for permission to visit Washington. . . ." (Ibid.). 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

March 23, 1864 

I would like to oblige Gov. Newell with a note like the within, un- 
less the Sec. of War perceives objection. Will he please answer? 
March 23. 1864. A. LIN-COLT* 

[263] 



MARCH 24, 864 

The Long-Branch and Sea-Shore Railroad Company is hereby au- 
thorized to make and use a railroad track on the land of the United 
States, conforming to the curve dotted line on this map, which line 
commences at the figure 8, and runs Southward nearly touching 
the right hand ends of these written lines, and on till it passes off 
the government lands, upon condition that said railroad track and 
all possession of the ground shall be removed and surrendered by 
force if necessary, upon either the order of the President of the 
United States, or a Joint Resolution of Congress so requiring. 

1 AES and AD, DLC-RTL. Lincoln's endorsement is separated from the 
memorandum as cataloged in the Lincoln Papers, but they seem obviously to 
belong together. A note from Governor William A. Newell, dated March 23 
(but incorrectly cataloged as "March 25") is as follows: "If your Excellency 
shall determine to sign the paper which I left with you on yesterday I will be 
greatly obliged if it can be sent to me at Allentown N. Jersey; I do hope that 
the favor sought will not be refused. The land is valueless, and on the ex- 
pression of a wish to that effect the whole works will be removed, or relin- 
quished, without compensation, to the Government. It will contribute vastly 
to the welfare of that portion of the County in which I live, New Jersey has 
always responded to the calls of your Excellency & I beg to express the hope 
that this small request of some of her citizens will be allowed. . . ." (Ibid.). 

The document which Governor Newell submitted, written on Executive 
Mansion stationery, reads as follows: 

"Permission is hereby given to the Long Branch and Sea-Shore Rail Road 
Company to use so much of the government property at Sandy Hook, begin- 
ning at the Horse Shoe and extending southward, as may be necessary for the 
construction of suitable dock, depot and track accommodations, with the un- 
derstanding that the improvements thus designated shall be removed or trans- 
fered to the Government whenever it shall be required" 

Secretary Stanton referred the matter to General Halleck and Halleck re- 
ferred to Judge Advocate General Holt, who reported on March 26: "This, like 
other property belonging to the government, having been acquired by public 
law, can only be disposed of under the same sanctions. I am aware of no 
principle or precedent which can be held to authorise the executive, to transfer 
either the absolute title to or a usufructuary, interest in property, of the U. 
States, thus acquired, without the express concurrence of Congress. The rule 
is believed to be the same, without reference to the amount of interest sought to 
be conveyed. In this particular case, the privilege of using the land described 
for the purpose mentioned, would probably prove one of great pecuniary value, 
to the Rail Road company, but whether of great or little value, in its transfer 
or bestowal, the government must act through a public law, and not through 
the will of any one of its Departments." (Ibid.). 

To Edward Bates 1 

Attorney General please send me a nomination as within re- 
quested. A. LINCOLN 
March 24. 1864 

1 AES, RPB. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter of Edward B. Tay- 
lor, March 24, 1864, register of the Land Office at Omaha, Nebraska Territory, 
recommending Daniel Gantt of Omaha for U.S. District Attorney. Gantt's ap- 
pointment was confirmed by the Senate on May 10, 1864. 

[264] 



To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Major Gen. Butler Executive Mansion, 

Fort-Monroe, Va. Washington, March 24, 1864. 

Please, if you can, effect special exchanges, for J. F. Robinson, 
ist. Lieut. Co. E, 67, P.V. and C. L. Edmunds, ist. Lieut. Co. D, 
67, P.V. A. LINCOLN 

i ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 15. The roster of the 
Sixty-seventh Pennsylvania Regiment lists these men as James T Robinson, 
discharged on March 24, 1865, and Charles L. Edmonds, mustered out on De- 
cember 18, 1864. 

To James R. Doolittle 1 

Hon. J. R. Doolittle, please call and see me this morning. 

March 24, 1864 A. LINCOLN 

i ALS-P, ISLA. 

To Joseph Holt 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
Judge Advocate General March 24, 1864. 

Please examine and report upon the case of Capt. John Hopper, 
Co. D. 2 ist. Regt. Invalid Corps, said to have been summarily dis- 
missed. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

i ALS, DLC-RTL. Holt returned this letter with the following endorsement 
dated March 25, 1864.: "Respectfully returned to the President. This case has 
been heretofore fully examined, & reports upon it made to the President under 
dates of nth. & a 8th. of present month. Reference is had to these reports as 
expressing the views of this office, on the application for the restoration of 
Capt. Hopper to the service." No further record has been found of Lincoln's 
action in the case. 

To George G. Meade 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Major-General Meade, Army of Potomac: March 24, 1864. 

Do not change your purpose to send Private Orton, of Twelfth 
U.S. Infantry, to the Dry Tortugas. A. LINCOLN. 

iTarbell (Appendix), p. 421. See Lincoln to Meade, March 23, supra. 

To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States: March 24, 1864 

In reply to the Resolution of the Senate of the 5th. instant in 
relation to the establishment of monarchical governments in Cen- 

[265] 



MARCH 24, 864 

tral and South America, I transmit a report from the Secretary 
of State, to whom the subject was referred. 

Washington 24 March 1864. ABRAHAM LIISTCOLN 

IDS, DNA RG 46, Senate sSA F$. Seward reported on March 24, 1864, 
that "surmises and jealousies are constantly arising on the subject to which 
the resolution refers. . . . But there is no correspondence or ... information 
which furnishes any reliable facts showing the existence of 'plans' for the 
accomplishment of the object mentioned." 

To John E Usher 1 

March 24, 1864 

If. there is such an office, vacant, and ready to be filled, as in- 
dicated, the Sec. of the Interior will please send me a nomination, 
according to the within. A. LIISTCOLIST 

March. 24. 1864 

1 AES, DLC-RTL. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter from Marcus 
Boyd of Missouri, asking appointment as surveyor general of government and 
Indian lands in Utah Territory. An unsigned endorsement in reply from the 
Department of Interior called the president's attention to the fact that there 
was no vacancy. 

To Benjamin B. French 1 

Private Executive Mansion, 

Hon. B. B. French Washington, 

My dear Sir: March 25, 1864. 

I understand a Bill is before Congress, by your instigation, for 
taking your office from the control of the Department of the In- 
terior, and considerably enlarging the powers and patronage of 
your office. The proposed change may be right for aught I know; 
and it certainly is right for Congress to do as it thinks proper in 
the case. What I wish to say is that if the change is made, I do not 
think I can allow you to retain the office; because that would be 
encouraging officers to be constantly intriguing, to the detriment 
of the public interest, in order to profit themselves. Yours truly 

A. 



iADfS, DLC-RTL. This letter is printed by Hertz (II, 946), without date 
or addressee. The bill (8.43) did not pass. Commissioner French replied on 
March 27, 1864: 

"Your note of the 25th is reed, and I am greatly surprised at the contents 
. . . because I have been guilty of no intended impropriety, and of no wrong. I 
have been cruelly treated by your Secretary of the Interior, and have been 
forced by him, to defend myself, and, because I have done so, you have been 
appealed to to crush me. I do not believe you will do so when you know all 
the facts. ... 

[266] 



MARCH 25, 1864 

"The Secretary of the Interior, when that excellent man, Caleb B. Smith was 
Secretary, was charged by Congress, with the supervision and control of the 
erection of the Capitol Extension and New Dome. He saw fit, of his own ac- 
cord, to confer upon me the honor and trust of Disbursing Agent. I have 
bonds in the penalty of $40,000, and entered upon the duty, and performed it, 
I believe, satisfactorily to Mr. Smith. He resigned, Mr. Usher was appointed 
. . . removed my Clerk, who was charged with keeping my accounts, and for 
whose acts, I, alone, was responsible under my bonds, and placed another man 
in his stead. . . . On the 3Oth of June, 1863, . . . removing me from the place 
of disbursing agent, . . . appointed the clerk he had sent . . . with enlarged 
powers, and a salary of $2500 per annum. At this I felt grieved . . . and ad- 
dressed to the Secretary, a letter , . . also ... to you. . . . 

"Naturally, I wrote to Senator Foot, informing him of the fact. . . . He 
replied . . . that as soon as Congress met it was his intention to introduce a 
bill placing the work on the Extension & Dome under the Commissioner of 
Public Buildings, where it belonged, & removing the office of Commissioner 
from any control of the Secy. I drew up a bill which I supposed would carry- 
out what Senator Foot said, and sent it to him, keeping a copy of it. Some time 
afterwards a friend, to whom I showed the copy, -wanted a few copies of it 
for his own use, and, without the least idea of there being any impropriety in 
my doing so, having a printing press and type in my office, I printed for him 
a few copies. 

"I had no agency whatever in the introduction of the bill by Senator Foot, as 
he never mentioned it to me, that I remember, after he came to Washington, 
before its introduction. I never spoke to a Senator or Representative concerning 
it, unless spoken to. I had not the least agency in its introduction into the 
House. . . . After it was . . . referred to the Committee on Public Buildings 
and Grounds, I was notified by the Chairman ... to appear before it on a cer- 
tain day, which I did, and there met the Secretary of the Interior. He was 
heard fully, and said something to which I was forced to reply, and, at a 
subsequent meeting, I did reply. This is all my personal action in the mat- 
ter. ... I have never spoken to a member of the Senate Committee, except 
Senator Foot, on the subject of it. He submitted to me, unasked, some papers 
sent him by the Secy, for my answer, and I gave it. ... I have done, Mr. 
President, exactly what you would have done in my case, and nothing more, 
except, perhaps, in the printing of about a dozen copies of the bill. . . . 

"As I did not seek the passage of the bill in question, I cannot . . . seek to 
stop it; but I beg of you not to sacrifice me without granting me a personal 
interview. 

"I have submitted your letter to Senator Foot who expressed much surprise 
at its contents . . . evidently written . . . under a false impression as to the 
facts, and that he would call upon you tomorrow and assure you that, so far as 
he was concerned, I had no agency whatever in the introduction of the bill, 
except that I drew it up for him, a thing that is done daily by officials about 
the Capital, at the request of members." (DLC-RTL)". 

To James H. Lane 1 

March 25, 1864 

I have endorsed, as you see, your application for Henry W. 
Fick to be an Assistant Pay-Master in the Navy. I return it to 
you to say that, by law, he cannot be appointed. . . . 

1 American Art Association Anderson Galleries Catalog 3850, May 12-13, 
1930, No. 198. According to the catalog description, this partial text is from 
an autograph letter signed. 

[267] 



To Thurlow Weed 1 

Hon. Thurlow Weed Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, March 25. 1864. 

I have been both pained and surprised recently at learning that 
you are wounded because a suggestion of yours as to the mode of 
conducting our national difficulty, has not been followed pained, 
because I very much wish you to have no unpleasant feeling pro- 
ceeding from me, and surprised, because my impression is that I 
have seen you, since the last Message issued, apparantly feeling 
very cheerful and happy. How is this? Yours truly 

A 



1ALS, NRU (on deposit); LS copy, DLC-RTL. On March 30, 1864, John 
G. Nicolay wrote Lincoln from the Astor House, New York: 

"Mr. Weed was here at the Astor House on my arrival last Saturday morn- 
ing and I gave him the note you sent him. 

"He read it over, carefully once or twice and then said he didn't quite 
understand it. He had written a letter to Judge Davis, which the Judge 
had probably shown you, but in that he had said nothing except about Cus- 
tom House matters. 

"He said that all the solicitude he had was in your behalf. You had told 
him in January last that you thought you would make a change in the Col- 
lectorship here, but that thus far it had not been done. He had told you he 
himself had no personal preference as to the particular man who is to be 
his successor. He did not think Mr. Barney a bad man but thought him a 
weak one. His four deputies are constantly intriguing against you. Andrews 
is doing the same. Changes are constantly being made among the subordinates 
in the Custom House, and men turned out, for no other real reason than that 
they take active part in primary meetings &c., in behalf of your re-nomina- 
tion. 

"His only solicitude, he said, was for yourself. He thought that if you were 
not strong enough to hold the Union men together through the next Presi- 
dential election, when it must necessarily undergo a great strain, the country 
was in the utmost danger of going to ruin. 

"His desire was to strengthen you as much as possible and that you should 
strengthen yourself. You were being weakened by the impression in the popu- 
lar mind that you hold on with such tenacity to men once in office, although 
they prove to be incapable and unworthy. This feeling among your friends 
also raises the question, as to whether, if re-elected, you would change your 
Cabinet. The present Cabinet is notoriously weak and inharmonious no 
Cabinet at all gives the President no support. Welles is a cypher, Bates a 
fogy, and Blair at best a dangerous friend. 

"Something was needed to reassure the public mind and to strengthen your- 
self. Chase and Fremont, while they might not succeed in making themselves 
successful rivals might yet form and lead dangerous factions. Chase was not 
formidable as a candidate in the field, but by the shrewd dodge of a with- 
drawal is likely to turn up again with more strength than ever. 

"He had received a letter from Judge Davis, in which the Judge wrote him 
that he had read his (Weed's) letter to you, but that you did not seem ready 
to act in the appointment of a new Collector, and that he (the Judge) thought 
it was because of your apprehension that you would be merely getting 'out 
of one muss into another.' 

[268] 



MARCH 26, 1864 

"A change in the Custom House was imperatively needed because one 
whole bureau in it had been engaged in treasonably aiding the rebellion. 

"The ambition of his life had been, not to get office for himself, but to assist 
in putting good men in the right places. If he was good for anything, it was 
as an outsider to give valuable suggestions to an administration that would 
give him its confidence. He feared he did not have your entire confidence 
that you only regarded him with a certain degree of leniency; that you only 
regarded him as being not quite so great a rascal as his enemies charged him 
with being. 

"The above are substantially the points of quite a long conversation. This 
morning I had another interview with Mr. Weed. 

"He had just received Gov. Morgan's letter informing him of the nomination 
of Hogeboom to fill McElrath's place, and seemed quite disheartened and dis- 
appointed. He said he did not know what to say. He had assured your friends 
here that when in your own good time you became ready to make changes, 
the new appointments would be from among your friends; but that this pro- 
motion of one of your most active and malignant enemies left him quite pow- 
erless. He had not yet told any one, but knew it would be received with gen- 
eral indignation, &c &c. 

"I shall remain here a day or two longer.** (DLC-Nicolay Papers). 



Proclamation About Amnesty 1 

March 26, 1864 
By the President of the United States of America: 

A Proclamation. 

Whereas, it has become necessary to define the cases in which 
insurgent enemies are entitled to the benefits of the proclamation 
of the President of the United States, which was made on the 
eighth day of December, 1863, and the manner in which they shall 
proceed to avail themselves of those benefits: 

And whereas, the objects of that proclamation were to suppress 
the insurrection and to restore the authority of the United States, 
and whereas the amnesty therein proposed by the President was 
offered with reference to these objects alone: 

Now, therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United 
States, do hereby proclaim and declare that the said proclamation 
does not apply to the cases of persons who, at the time when they 
seek to obtain the benefits thereof by taking the oath thereby pre- 
scribed are in military, naval or civil confinement or custody, or 
under bonds or on parole of the civil, military or naval authorities 
or agents of the United States as prisoners of war or persons de- 
tained for offences of any kind, either before or after conviction, 
and that, on the contrary, it does apply only to those persons who 
being yet at large and free from any arrest, confinement or duress, 
shall voluntarily come forward and take the said oath with the 

[269] 



MARCH 28, 1864 

purpose of restoring peace and establishing the national authority. 
Prisoners excluded from the amnesty offered in the said procla- 
mation may apply to the President for clemency like all other 
offenders, and their applications will receive due consideration. 

I do farther declare and proclaim that the oath prescribed in 
the aforesaid proclamation of the 8th. of December, 1863, may be 
taken and subscribed before any commissioned officer, civil, mili- 
tary or naval, in the service of the United States, or any civil or 
military officer of a State or Territory not in insurrection, who, by 
the laws thereof, may be qualified for administering oaths. All of- 
ficers who receive such oaths are hereby authorized to give certif- 
icates thereon to the persons respectively by whom they are made. 
And such officers are hereby required to transmit the original rec- 
ords of such oaths at as early a day as may be convenient to the 
Department of State, where they will be deposited and remain in 
the archives of the Government. The Secretary of State will keep a 
register thereof, and will on application, in proper cases, issue cer- 
tificates of such records in the customary form of official certifi- 
cates. 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused 
the seal of the United States to be affixed. 

Done at the city of Washington, the twenty-sixth day of March, 
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and 
[L.S.] sixty-four, and of the Independence of the United States 

the eighty-eighth. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

By the President: 

WILLIAM H. SEWARD Secretary of State. 

!DS, DNA FS RG 11, Proclamations. 

To Edward Bates 1 

March 28, 1864 

Will the Attorney General please give me his opinion whether this 
law relieves the Marshal of the District from the duty of execut- 
ing the death sentence upon persons under that sentence in the 
District jail? A. LINCOLN 

March 28. 1864 

!AES, DNA GE RG 60, Papers of Attorney General, Segregated Lincoln 
Material. Lincoln's endorsement is written on S. 86, "A Bill to authorize the 
appointment of a warden of the jail in the District of Columbia," approved 
February 29, 1864. Bates' autograph opinion of March 28 is as follows: 

_ 'A somewhat troublesome question arises under this bill which requires 
either the interpretation of the Court or the action of the Executive. 

[270] 



MARCH 28, 1864 

"The President has nominated a Warden of the Jail, but he has not been 
confirmed by the Senate. 

"The Warden of the Penitentiary became functus officio, and has neither 
done service nor received emolument for more than two years. 

"There is no Warden of the jail qualified by law; there is no Warden of 
the Penitentiary recognized by the Executive, or accounting officers of the 
treasury and no penitentiary in the District of which he could be Warden. 

"To remove all doubt I suggest that an order from the President be issued 
reciting the fact of the removal of the Penitentiary, the vacation of the office 
of Warden of the penitentiary, and in order to remove all doubt that he be 
now removed to relate back to the time of the last payment of his salary." 
(Ibid.). 

To Joseph Holt 1 

Judge Advocate General Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, March 28. 1864. 

I am told there is a man in the Old Capitol Prison by the name 
of Benedict A. King, on some charge of desertion. He belongs, it 
is said, to the 153rd. N. Y. Vols. 2 He wishes to be sent to his Regi- 
ment. Report me the facts of his case if you can. Yours truly 

A. LnsrcoLisr . 

1 ALS, Herman Blum, Blumhaven Library, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Pri- 
vate Benedict A. King, First Maine Battery, was sentenced February 10, 1864, 
to death for desertion. General Christopher C. Augur recommended commu- 
tation to dishonorable discharge and five years' imprisonment. The records 
show that Lincoln returned the papers in the case on April 16, 1864, without 
further action (DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, MM 773). 

2 He had deserted and re-enlisted. 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Secretary of War. Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, March 28, 1864. 

The letter of Mr. Tho. H. Burrowes, written in behalf of the 
Common School Teachers of Pennsylvania, and which you left 
with me as a mode of giving me the notice therein requested, is 
herewith returned to you. Please present to the writer, and to those 
he represents, my grateful thanks for this evidence of their patriot- 
ic devotion, and this contribution to the great loyal public senti- 
ment of the country, which is, indeed, the foundation of all else 
that is valuable in this great national trial. The gun tendered you 
will please accept and dispose of in such way as you may deem 
proper. Yours truly, A. LINCOLN. 

1 Copy, DNA WR RG 107, Secretary of War, Letters Received, P 175. No 
further reference has been found. 

[271] 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Secretary of War Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, March 28 1864. 

The Governor of Kentucky is here, and desires to have the fol- 
lowing points definitely fixed: 

1. That the quotas of troops furnished, and to be furnished by 
Kentucky, may be adjusted upon the basis as actually reduced by 
able bodied men of hers having gone into the rebel service; and 
that she be required to furnish no more than her just quotas upon 
fair adjustment on such basis. 

2. That to whatever extent the enlistment, and drafting, one or 
both, of colored troops may be found necessary within the State, 
it may be conducted within the law of Congress; and, as far as 
practicable, free from colateral embarrasments, disorders, and 
provocations. 

I think these requests of the Governor are reasonable; and I 
shall be obliged, if you will give him a full hearing, and do the 
best you can to effect these objects. Yours very truly 

A. 



iALS-F, Parke-Bernet Catalog 643, March 5-6, 945, No. 411; copy, DLC- 
RTL. The facsimile lacks the last two words of the body of the letter, the 
close, and signature. Bates' Diary records Governor Bramlette's audience with 
Lincoln on March 26: "The Govr. says that the draft will not be opposed, if 
conducted in a simple and honest way i.e. enlist the men and march them 
off, without making it a pretence to insult, and rob, and dominate every 
neighborhood as in Maryland!" 



To Ulysses S. Grant 1 

Lt. Genl. Grant Executive Mansion 

Army of Potomac Washington, March 29. 1864 

Capt. Kinney, of whom I spoke to you as desiring to go on your 
Staff, is now in your camp in company with Mrs. Senator Dixon. 
Mrs. Grant and I and some others agreed last night that I should, 
by this despatch, kindly call your attention to Capt. Kinney. 

A. 



1 ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 17. General Grant re- 
plied on the same day: "Your dispatch suggesting Capt. Kinney for a staff 
appointment just reed. I would be glad to accommodate Capt Kinney but in 
the selection of staff I do not want any one whom I do not personally know 
to be qualified for the position assigned them." (DLC-RTL). Captain Kinney 
has not been positively identified. Mrs. Dixon was presumably the wife of 
James Dixon, U.S. senator (1857-1869). 

[272] 



To Andrew Johnson 1 

Gov. Johnson Executive Mansion, 

Nashville, Tenn. Washington, March 29. 1864. 

Judge Catron is asking for the discharge of W. M. Bell, now at 
Rock-Island, and whom he thinks was arrested as a hostage by 
you or by your authority. What say you? A. LINCOLN 

l ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 6. Governor Johnson 
replied on April i, "Wm Bell was not arrested by my authority. I presume he 
is a prisoner of war. I have not been able to find out much about him. There 
are hundreds ... no doubt, who are more entitled to executive clemency than 
he is. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 



To George G. Meade 1 

Major General Meade Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, March 29. 1864. 

Your letter to Col. Townsend, inclosing a slip from the Herald, 
and asking a Court of Inquiry, has been laid before [me] by the 
Secretary of War, with the request that I would consider it. It is 
quite natural that you should feel some sensibility on the subject; 
yet I am not impressed, nor do I think the country is impressed, 
with the belief that your honor demands, or the public interest de- 
mands, such an Inquiry. The country knows that, at all events, 
you have done good service; and I believe it agrees with me that it 
is much better for you [to] be engaged in trying to do more, than 
to be diverted, as you necessarily would be, by a Court of Inquiry. 
Yours truly A. LUSTCOUNT 

1 ALS, NHi. On March 15, 1864, General Meade wrote Assistant Adjutant 
General Edward D. Townsend: 

"I inclose herewith a slip from the New York Herald., containing a com- 
munication signed 'Historicus,' purporting to give an account of the battle of 
Gettysburg. . . . For the past fortnight the public press . . . has been teeming 
with articles, all having for their object assaults upon my reputation as an 
officer, and tending to throw discredit upon my operations at Gettysburg. . . . 

"I have not noticed any of these attacks, and should not now . . . but that 
the character of the communication . . . bears such manifest proofs that it 
was written either by some one present at the battle, or dictated . . . and hav- 
ing access ... to confidential papers that were never issued to the army, 
much less made public. 

"I cannot resist the belief that this letter was either written or dictated by 
Maj. Gen. D. E. Sickles. . . . 

"I have to ask, therefore, that the Department will take steps to ascertain 
whether . . . Sickles has authorized or indorses this communication, and, in 
the event of his replying in the affirmative, I have to request of the President 
... a court of inquiry. . . ." (OR, I, XXVII, I, 127-28). 

The three-column clipping from the New York Herald of March 12, 1864, 

[273] 



MARCH 2Q, 1864 

criticized errors in Meade's report of the Gettysburg operations and particu- 
larly referred to his failure to heed advice of his corps commanders. 

Order for Discharge of Prisoners 1 

March 29, 1864 

If the persons whose names follow, now prisoners of war shall take 
the oath of December 8, 1863, and be discharged, we, the under- 
signed members of Congress pledge our honor that they will keep 
faith: 

John F. Rice, at Rock Island, 111. 
James J. Moore, at Camp Morton, I 
Robert P. Green, at Johnson Island 
James B. McCreay, at Columbus, O. 
J. Miller Turner, at Rock Island, 111. 
Andrew Moore, at Camp Morton, In. 
(Signed) Lu Anderson M.C. 
W. H. Randall M.C. 
B. J. Clay M.C. 

Let the above named prisoners be discharged upon the condition 
stated. * A. LIISTCOKN 

March 29, 1864. 

1 Angle, p. 346. A note in the source describes this document as having the 
names of the prisoners and the endorsement in Lincoln's handwriting. 

To the Senate and House of Representatives 1 

March 29, 1864 
To the Senate, and House of Representatives 

Mr Charles B. Stuart, Consulting Engineer, appointed such by 
me, upon invitation of the Governor of New York, according to a 
law of that State, has made a Report, upon the proposed improve- 
ments to pass Gun-Boats from Tide-water to the Northern and 
North- Western Lakes, which Report is herewith respectfully trans- 
mitted for your consideration. ABRAHAM 

March 29, 1864 



IDS, DNA RG 46, Senate sSA Fa; DS, DNA RG 233, House Executive 
Document No. 61. Charles B. Stuart's report of March 24, 1864, suggested im- 
provements on canals in New York, Illinois, and Wisconsin, which would en- 
able naval vessels to get from the Atlantic or the Gulf of Mexico to the Great 
Lakes. Lincoln's communication with enclosures was referred to the House 
committee on roads and canals (March 29, 1864) and the Senate committee 
on military affairs (March 30, 1864). No record of further action has been 
found. 

[274] 



To Richard M. Corwine 1 

Office U.S. Military Telegraph, 

Hon. R. M. Corwine War Department, 

New- York. Washington, D.C., March 30 1864. 

It does not occur to me that you can present the Smith case any 
better than you have done. Of this, however, you must judge for 
yourself. A LINCOLN 

i ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 18. See Lincoln to Holt, 
February 4, supra. Corwine telegraphed from New York on March 30, 1864: 
"Continued illness required me to leave without seeing you again. If I can be 
of any further use in the Smith Case I will return otherwise go West Monday*' 
(DLC-RTL). 

Order for Pardon of Henry F. Luckett 1 

Let this man, Henry F. Luckett, be pardoned, and sent North. 
March. 30. 1864 A. LINCOLN 

1 AES, RPB. See Lincoln to Hurlbut, December 17, 1863, supra. Lincoln's en- 
dorsement is written on a letter from Luckett's niece, Lizzie L. Rafter, Mem- 
phis, Tennessee, February 27, 1864, asking a pardon for her uncle. 

On April 30, Henry F. Luckett wrote Lincoln: 

"Since it has been by your grace that I have been delivered from the Lions 
Paw [?] and have been permitted to return home I deem it not only my 
duty but esteem it a great pleasure and privilege to express to you in this 
way (the best within my reach) my profound acknowledgements and sincere 
gratitude for the exercise of your Executive Clemency in releasing me from a 
condition the sufferings of which were more intolerable than death itself. . . ." 
(DLC-RTL). 

To Lewis Wallace 1 

[c. March 30, 1864] 
Will Gen. Wallace call and see me? A. LINCOLN. 

1 Lew Wallace, An Autobiography, II, 684. According to the source, this 
note was sent on a small card, and General Wallace caught the next train from 
Baltimore. See Lincoln to Stanton, March 31, infra. 

To William Windom 1 

Hon. Mr. Windom, please see & hear Rev. Bishop Whipple, about 
Indians. He has much information on the subject. 

March 30. 1864 A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, DLC. Bishop Henry B. Whipple of Minnesota was noted for his 
work in behalf of the Indians in his diocese, but precisely what Lincoln 
wished him to effect through Representative Windom, chairman of the com- 
mittee on Indian affairs, has not been determined. 

[275] 



To Edward Bates 1 

The Vice-President & Senator Fessenden present this Petition & 
join in the prayer thereof. A LINCOLN 

March 31. 1864 

i AES, DNA RG 204, U.S. Pardon Attorney, A 561. Lincoln's endorsement 
is written on a petition from citizens of Portland, Maine, asking pardon of 
Franklin B. Furlong, imprisoned for robbery of a post office. 

To Joseph Holt 1 

Judge Advocate General please examine & report on this case. 
March 31. 1864 A. LINCOLN. 

1 AES, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, NN 111. Lincoln's en- 
dorsement is written on the record in the case of Joseph M. Bushfield. See Lin- 
coln to Holt, August 28, 1863, and February 9, 1864, supra. 

Memorandum 

Concerning Thomas Worthington 1 

Copy. 

Executive Mansion. March 3ist. 1864. 

Today I verbally told Colonel Worthington that I did not think 
him fit for a Colonel; and now, upon his urgent request, I put it in 
writing. A. LIFTCOUST. 

1 Copy, IHi. See Lincoln to Worthington, infra. Colonel Thomas Worthing- 
ton of the Forty-sixth Ohio Infantry is listed as having resigned on November 
21, 1862, but from, his letter to Lincoln, April 12, 1864, it seems obvious that 
he was dismissed: "On full consideration I have declined urging on Gen 
Schenck, the responsibility of my possible return to the service. ... I will 
never reenter the Army while that terrible and degrading law under which 
I have had no official notice of being dismissed continues to disgrace the statute 
book. . . . 

"I saw something of its operation at Memphis . . . whore a General . . . 
scarcely ever clear of liquor staggered into his court room to decide on the 
cases of men better and abler than himself. . . . 

"When however, the last section of the law of July i/th 1862 Chap 200 is 
repealed, and Judge Holt & Gen Halleck . . . are also, in thoir proper places, 
if the war should still be on hand I may possibly request a removal of that 
disability under which by their advice and initiation, I must for the present 
remain, hoping for better luck next time. With a very respectful request that 
this document may be referred to either or both of these distinguished 'Field 
Officers 9 . . . ." (DLC-RTL), 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
Hon. Sec. of War March 31, 1864. 

Gen. Wallace has been with me; and I think he is getting along 
with the matter we wished to see him for, very satisfactorily. It 

[276] 



APRIL 1, 1864 

is a great point, which he seems to be effecting, to get Gov. B. & 
Hon. H. W. D. 2 together. I have told him to be fair, but to give 
the benefit of all doubts to the emancipationists. Please confer with 
him, and add any suggestion that may occur to you. Yours truly 

A. LirsrcoLN 

1 ALS, InHi. 

2 Governor August W. Bradford and Representative Henry Winter Davis. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

March 31, 1864 

I sincerely wish that something satisfactory to Lt. Col. Scates an 
old personal friend & most worthy gentleman may be done for 
him. A. LUNTCOLN 

March. 31. 1864 

1 AES, IHi. Lincoln's endorsement appears on a letter from General Edward 
O. C. Ord to Senator Lyman Trumbull, New Orleans, February i, 1864, recom- 
mending that Lieutenant Colonel Walter B. Scates be transferred for reasons of 
health. An endorsement by Assistant Secretary of War Charles A. Dana, April 
8, ordered that Scates be relieved from duty as assistant adjutant general of the 
Thirteenth Army Corps and report to Washington for court-martial duty. 

To Thomas Worthington 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Col. Worthington Washington, March 31, 1864. 

If Major General Schenck will say in writing upon this sheet 
that he believes the public service would be advanced by your 
being placed at the head of a Regiment in the field, I will remove 
any legal disability resting upon you so that the Governor of Ohio 
may appoint you to so command a Regiment. Yours truly 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, RPB. See Lincoln's memorandum concerning Worthington, supra. No 
reply from Schenck has been discovered. 

Endorsement Concerning Edward Avery 1 

April i, 1864 

Let this man, Edward Avery go to his Company, and upon faith- 
fully serving out his term, he is fully pardoned as to the offence 
for which he has been convicted. A. LINCOLN 

April i. 1864 

1 AES, owned by R. E. Burdick, New York City. Lincoln's endorsement is 
written on a letter from Captain Ezekiel R. Mayo, Third Maine Battery, March 

[277] 



APRIL 1, 1864 

29, 1864, requesting pardon of Private Edward Avery, sentenced for desertion, 
October 29, 1863. 

To Frederick A. Farley 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
Reverend and Dear Sir: April i, 1864. 

Permit me to return my most cordial thanks for the beautiful 
present transmitted by you, and for the kind and graceful manner 
in which it was conveyed. I am very truly yours, A, LirsrcoLrvr. 

Reverend Frederick A. Farley, D.D. 

1 History of the Brooklyn and Long Island Fair (Brooklyn, 1864), P- 166. 
Reverend Frederick A. Farley, corresponding secretary of the Fair, wrote Lin- 
coln on March 7, 1864, "A few of your fellow-citizens have the honor of 
offering ... a silk 'Bed-Spread,' formed of the National Colors, and embla- 
zoned with the Stars and Stripes and the National Eagle." (Ibid.). 

To Ward H. Lamon 1 

April i, 1864 

In this case of Emanuel Pollard the punishment of death is com- 
muted to imprisonment dining life at hard labor in the Peniten- 
tiary. A. LINCOLN 
April i. 1864 

1 AES-P, ISLA. Lincoln's endorsement is written on the writ of execution 
issued March 31, 1864, in the case of Emanuel Pollard, a colored man. U.S. 
Marshal Lamon's endorsement of the same date is as follows: "After receiving 
this writ I proceeded to the preparation for its execution up to April ist. 1864. 
When I received the following communication from the President to wit: [as 
above] . Whereupon I presented the communication to the prisoner and enquired 
of him whether he accepted the commutation of the President, upon its terms, 
having fully made them known to him. Upon receiving his affirmative answer 
I returned him to his place of imprisonment to await the execution of the 
qualified punishment." 

Memorandum : 

Appointment of F. Augustus Schermerhorn 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Washington, April i. 1864. 

Mr. Stebbins reminds me of Mrs. Schermerhorn's application for 
her son to West-Point. 

* AD, DNA WR RG 94, U.S. Military Academy, 1861, No. 782. See Lincoln's 
memorandum of January 22, 1862, supra. Henry G. Stebbins was a member 
of congress from Staten Island, New York. 

[278] 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, April i. 1864. 

Senator Harlan tells me that the nomination of Col. Chambers 
as a Brig. Gen. for Iowa was rejected by the Senate to-day; and he 
asks that Col. E. Hatch of the 2nd. Iowa Cavalry be nominated in 
the place. I remember Col. Hatch to be very excellently recom^ 
mended; and I am content if you know nothing to the contrary 
If all right send me the nomination. Yours truly 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, NHi. Alexander Chambers was colonel of the Sixteenth Iowa Volun- 
teers. Colonel Edward Hatch of the Second Iowa Cavalry was appointed briga- 
dier general on April 27, 1864. 

Order Prohibiting Export of Salted Provisions 1 

Ordered: Executive Mansion, April, 2d., 1864. 

That the Executive Order of September, 4th., 1863, in relation 
to the exportation of live stock from the United States, be so ex- 
tended, as to prohibit the exportations of all classes of salted pro- 
visions from any port of the United States to any foreign port, ex- 
cept, that meats, cured, salted or packed in any state or territory, 
bordering on the Pacific ocean, may be exported from any port of 
such state or territory. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

IDS, Saddle and Sirloin Club, Union Stock Yards, Chicago, Illinois. This 
order appears in the Official Records, III, IV, 212. On April 8 Secretary Chase 
wrote Lincoln: "An order signed by you, and prohibiting the exportation of 
salted provisions from any port of the United States, excepting any otate or 
Territory bordering on the Pacific Ocean, has this day been transmitted to me, 
for information, by the Secretary of War. Not having been consulted as to 
the making of this order, I am necessarily ignorant of the public reasons which 
are supposed to require it; but as its effects on our foreign trade, and conse- 
quently upon the finances, must be very serious, I respectfully suggest the 
suspension of its operation until I can lay before you a statement of the mag- 
nitude and relations of the commercial movements affected by it." (DLC- 
Nicolay Papers). On the same day Nicolay replied: "In answer to your note of 
today the President directs me to say that the order concerning the exportation 
of salted provisions has not yet been issued. It was merely printed and sent to 
you for examination and will not be issued before a full consultation with 
yourself." (DNA FI RG 56, General Records of the Treasury Department, 
Letters from Executive Officers, Part I, Volume I, 10.) 

To Joseph H. Barrett 1 

J. H. Barrett, Cora, of Pensions, please call and see me. 

April 3. 1864. A. LmcoLixr 

[279] 



APRIL 4, 1864 

1 ALS-F, Joseph H. Barrett, Abraham Lincoln and His Presidency (1904), II, 
370. According to the source, Lincoln conferred with Barrett concerning "the 
attempted movement to postpone the Baltimore convention, called to meet in 
June. He wanted this scheme defeated, and, in fact, it never gained much 
headway. . . ." 

To Edward Bates 1 

April 4, 1864 

Attorney General please give me your legal opinion whether the 
Pay-Master should have paid as demanded, and if yea, is it the 
duty of the President to order him to pay? A. LUNTCOLXST 

April 4. 1864. 

1 AES, DLC-RTL. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter from Gov- 
ernor John A. Andrew, March 24, 1864, concerning the case of Samuel Har- 
rison, a Negro chaplain of the Fifty-fourth Massachusetts Volunteers. Although 
appointed and regularly commissioned by Andrew, Harrison had been refused 
his pay of $100 per month and two rations per day, on the grounds that the 
law of July 17, 1862, fixed pay of colored persons at $10 per month and one 
ration per day, which amount Harrison refused. Bates replied on April 23 that 
Harrison should have been paid, inasmuch as he had been lawfully appointed 
and mustered into the U.S. service and his appointment was not based on the 
law of July 17, 1862. Bates also gave his opinion that the president should di- 
rect the War Department to notify all paymasters that such was his view of 
the case. See Lincoln's communication to the Senate, May 7, infra. 

To Edward Bates 1 

April 4, 1864 

Will the Attorney General please give me his opinion whether the 
President has legal power to remit the fine in the case as within 
stated? A. LINCOLN 

April 4. 1864 

!AES, DNA GE RG 60, Papers of Attorney General, Segregated Lincoln 
Material. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a communication signed by 
representatives and senators from Indiana, March 29, 1864, asking that the 
president remit the fine of $500 assessed against John Caldwell of Morgan 
County, Indiana, for aiding a deserter. Caldwell had died, leaving a wife and 
three children in destitute circumstances. See Lincoln to Bates, April 18, infra. 

To Edward Bates 1 

Hon. W. H. Randall, knows Judge Woodson & concurs in this 
recommendation. A. LIISTCOLN 

April 4. 1864. File 

1 AES-P, ISLA. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter from Samuel F. 
Miller, Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, April 4, 1864, recom- 
mending Silas Woodson of Missouri for appointment as Chief Justice of Mon- 
tana Territory. Woodson was not appointed. 

[280] 



Endorsement 1 

I wish this brought to my notice at the right time. 

April 4. 1864. A. LINCOLN 

1 AES, RPB. Lincoln's endorsement has been clipped from attendant papers 
and mounted between the covers of a book, but bears the notation that "It was 
given to Genl. [Edward C.] Carrington, when he was U.S. Atty. for W. D.C." 

To Albert G. Hodges 1 

A. G. Hodges, Esq Executive Mansion, 

Frankfort, Ky. Washington, April 4, 1864. 

My dear Sir: You ask me to put in writing the substance of what 
I verbally said the other day, in your presence, to Governor Bram- 
lette and Senator Dixon. It was about as follows: 

"I am naturally anti-slavery. If slavery is not wrong, nothing is 
wrong. I can not remember when I did not so think, and feel. And 
yet I have never understood that the Presidency conferred upon 
me an unrestricted right to act officially upon this judgment and 
feeling. It was in the oath I took that I would, to the best of my 
ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United 
States. I could not take the office without taking the oath. Nor was 
it my view that I might take an oath to get power, and break the 
oath in using the power. I understood, too, that in ordinary civil 
administration this oath even forbade me to practically indulge my 
primary abstract judgment on the moral question of slavery. I had 
publicly declared this many times, and in many ways. And I aver 
that, to this day, I have done no official act in mere deference to 
my abstract judgment and feeling on slavery. I did understand 
however, that my oath to preserve the constitution to the best of 
my ability, imposed upon me the duty of preserving, by every in- 
dispensable means, that government that nation of which that 
constitution was the organic law. Was it possible to lose the na- 
tion, and yet preserve the constitution? By general law life and 
limb must be protected; yet often a limb must be amputated to save 
a life; but a life is never wisely given to save a limb. I felt that 
measures, otherwise unconstitutional, might become lawful, by 
becoming indispensable to the preservation of the constitution, 
through the preservation of the nation. Right or wrong, I assumed 
this ground, and now avow it. I could not feel that, to the best of 
my ability, I had even tried to preserve the constitution, if, to save 
slavery, or any minor matter, I should permit the wreck of govern- 
ment, country, and Constitution all together. When, early in the 
war, Gen. Fremont attempted military emancipation, I forbade it, 

[281] 



APRIL 4, 1864 

because I did not then think it an indispensable necessity. When a 
little later, Gen. Cameron, then Secretary of War, suggested the 
arming of the blacks, I objected, because I did not yet think it an 
indispensable necessity. When, still later, Gen. Hunter attempted 
military emancipation, I again forbade it, because I did not yet think 
the indispensable necessity had come. When, in March, and May, 
and July 1862 I made earnest, and successive appeals to the border 
states to favor compensated emancipation, I believed the indis- 
pensable necessity for military emancipation, and arming the 
blacks would come, unless averted by that measure. They declined 
the proposition; and I was, in my best judgment, driven to the al- 
ternative of either surrendering the Union, and with it, the Consti- 
tution, or of laying strong hand upon the colored element. I chose 
the latter. In choosing it, I hoped for greater gain than loss; but of 
this, I was not entirely confident. More than a year of trial now 
shows no loss by it in our foreign relations, none in our home popu- 
lar sentiment, none in our white military force, no loss by it 
any how or any 2 where. On the contrary, it shows a gain of quite 
a hundred and thirty thousand soldiers, seamen, and laborers. 
These are palpable facts, about which, as facts, there can be no 
cavilling. We have the men; and we could not have had them 
without the measure. 

["] And now let any Union man who complains of the measure, 
test himself by writing down in one line that he is for subduing 
the rebellion by force of arms; and in the next, that he is for tak- 
ing these hundred and thirty thousand men from the Union side, 
and placing them where they would be but for the measure he 
condemns. If he can not face his case so stated, it is only because 
he can not face the truth. ["] 

I add a word which was not in the verbal conversation. In telling 
this tale I attempt no compliment to my own sagacity. I claim not 
to have controlled events, but confess plainly that events have con- 
trolled me. Now, at the end of three years struggle the nation's con- 
dition is not what either party, or any man devised, or expected. 
God alone can claim it. Whither it is tending seems plain. If God 
now wills the removal of a great wrong, and wills also that we of 
the North as well as you of the South, shall pay fairly for our com- 
plicity in that wrong, impartial history will find therein new cause 
to attest and revere the justice and goodness of God. Yours truly 

A. LINCOLN 

lADfS, DLC-RTL. Albert G. Hodges, editor of the Frankfort, Kentucky, 
Commonwealth, and Archibald Dixon, former senator from Kentucky, 1852- 
1855, met with Lincoln on March 26 to discuss border state problems. Orville 

[282] 



APRIL 4, 1864 

H. Browning's Diary under date of April 3, 1864, records the visit: "The Presi- 
dent told me that a few days before Govr Bramlett of Ky: Hon Archibald 
Dixon & Mr Hodges of the same state had called upon him in regard to the 
enlistment of slaves as soldiers in Ky, in reference to which there has been 
much dissatisfaction in that State, and that everything had been amicably ad- 
justed between them, and that they had gone home satisfied. He said when 
they were discussing the matter he asked them to let him make a little speech 
to them, which he did and with which they were much pleased. That after- 
wards Mr Hodges came back to him, and asked him to give him a copy of his 
remarks to take with him to Ky. He told Mr Hodges that what he had said 
was not written, and that he had not then time to commit it to paper but to 
go home and he would write him a letter in which he would give, as nearly 
as he could all that he had said to them orally. . . ." See further, Lincoln to 
Hodges, April 22, infra. 2 "Any" inserted by an unidentified person. 

To Isabel II 1 

April 4, 1864 
Abraham Lincoln. 

President of the United States of America 
To Her Majesty Dona Isabel II, 

By the Grace of God and the Constitution of the Spanish Mon- 
archy, Queen of Spain, &c, &c, &c. 

Great Good Friend: I have received the letter which your Maj- 
esty was pleased to address to me on the 24th. of February last, 
announcing that Your Majesty had, on the 12th. of that month, 
safely given birth to an Infanta who had received in baptism the 
names of Maria, Eulalia, Francisco de Asis, Margarite, Roberta 
Isabel, Francisca de Paula, Cristina Maria de la Piedad. 

Your Majesty does no more than justice to the friendly feelings 
of the United States in beliveing that they participate with Your 
Majesty and Royal Family in the joy consequent upon this event: 
and I beg Your Majesty to accept my sincere congratulations 

May God have your Majesty always in His holy keeping Your 
Good Friend ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 

Washington April 4th 1864. 
By the President 

WILLIAM H. SEWARD Secretary of State. 

1 Copy, DNA FS RG 59, Communications to Foreign Sovereigns and States, 
III, 227. 

To William S. Rosecrans 1 

Major General Rosecrans Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, April 4th, 1864. 

This is rather more social than official, containing suggestions 
rather than orders. I somewhat dread the effect of your Special 

[283] 



APRIL 4, 1864 

Order, No. 61 dated March 7. 1864. I have found that men who 
have not even been suspected of disloyalty, are very averse to tak- 
ing an oath of any sort as a condition, to exercising an ordinary 
right of citizenship. The point will probably be made, that while 
men may without an oath, assemble in a noisy political meeting, 
they must take the oath, to assemble in a religious meeting. 

It is said, I know not whether truly, that in some parts of 
Missouri, assassinations are systematically committed upon re- 
turned rebels, who wish to ground arms, and behave themselves. 
This should not be. Of course I have not heard that you give 
countenance to, or wink at such assassinations. 

Again, it is complained, that the enlistment of negroes, is not 
conducted in as orderly a manner, and with as little collateral 
provocation, as it might be. 

So far you have got along in the Department of the Missouri, 
rather better than I dared to hope; and I congratulate you and my- 
self upon it. Yours very truly A. LINCOLN. 

1 LS (copy?), DLC-RTL. Bates' Diary under date of April 10, 1864, records 
that this letter was written "at my instance ... to stop . . . useless and 
wanton interference with the churches. . . ." See Lincoln's endorsement to 
John Hogan, February 13, and memorandum about churches, March 4, supra. 



To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States: April 4, 1864 

I herewith lay before the Senate, for its constitutional action 
thereon, a treaty concluded June 9, 1863, between C. H. Hale, 
superintendent of Indian affairs, Charles Hutchins, and S. D. 
Howe, Indian agents, on the part of the United States, and the 
chiefs, headmen, and delegates of the Nez Perce tribe of Indians 
in Washington Territory. 

A report of the Secretary of the Interior of the i st instant, with 
a letter from the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, of the 2d ultimo, 
proposing amendments to the treaty, together with a report of 
Superintendent Hale on the subject and a synopsis of the proceed- 
ings of the council held with the Nez Perce Indians, are herewith 
transmitted for the consideration of the Senate. 

Executive Office, ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 

Washington April 4, 1864. 

1 Executive Journal, XIII, 471. On April 5, the treaty and accompanying 
papers were referred to the committee on Indian affairs and a remonstrance of 

" McDaniels and others" against ratification of the ninth article of the 

treaty was read. The treaty as amended was ratified on June 26, 1866. 

[284] 



To Ambrose W. Thompson 1 

Ambrose W. Thompson Executive Mansion, 

My Dear Sir Washington, April 4, 1864. 

Yours of yesterday is just received. The financial scheme you 
suggest I shall consider further, but I have not time to form a con- 
clusion which could reach you by the 6th. 

I shall be glad to hear from you in Europe as you suggest. Yours 
truly A. LINCOLN. 

1 DfS, DLC-RTL. On April 3, Thompson wrote, "In continuation of the con- 
versation of Saturday .... I beg to make one suggestion. Negotiate a loan 
of one hundred millions in Europe upon the condition that the money or its 
average amount is to remain there in Bankers hands. Use this as a credit to 
break down Exchange. Gold falls with Exchange prices of Subsistence with 
gold. ... If you have the amount named to your credit in Europe, draw 
against it sell the exchange at a gradually reducing rate so as not to create 
ruin of present holders, remit the amount received for sales, to keep the credit 
intact and you have control of the markets. Army supplies will be reduced 
one half. . . . Who would then doubt the skill of the movement, or fail to 
render praise at the result? It would crush the Chase faction at a blow, and . . . 
it would also crush out the Confederate negotiations for Capital. ... If you 
wish I can make quiet inquiries & write you from England an outline of the 
whole matter. I shall sail on the morning of the 6th instant. . . ." (DLC-RTL) . 



To Nathaniel R Banks 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Major General Banks Washington, April 5. 1864. 

I have received a letter from Gen. Charles E Stone, indorsed by 
yourself, asking that "some act, some word, some order may issue 
from the Executive which shall place my name clear of reproach 
&c." Nothing more definite than this is indicated as to what Gen. 
Stone desires me to do, or supposes I can do in the case. I can only 
state the facts of the case from memory, and, of course not with 
great minuteness or accuracy. Gen. Stone was arrested, as I now 
think, early in February 1862. Owing to sickness in my family, the 
Secretary of War made the arrest without notifying me that he 
had it in contemplation. Gen. McClellan was then General-in- 
chief, with Head Quarters at Washington, and Gen. Stone was 
commanding a Division twentyfive or thirty miles above on the 
Potomac. Learning of the arrest I inquired for the cause, and found 
it, or the evidence constituting it to consist of three classes. First, 
the evidence taken in writing by the Committee of Congress on 
the conduct of the War. The point supposed to be made by this 
against General Stone was that when before the committee at one 
time, and excusing himself for not having sent a force from one 

[285] 



APRIL 5, 1864 

point to another during the battle in which Col. Baker was killed, 
he stated that the enemy had a redoubt or dirt fort on the route 
which could not be passed. Afterwards the committee, conceiving 
that Gen. Stone could have prevented the erection of that fort, and 
ought to have done so, called him before them again to inquire 
why he did not, and he then denied that there ever had been a fort 
at that place. I did not think the evidence, as read to me, made the 
point conclusively against the general; but that evidence, whatever 
it is, I suppose is still accessible. 

Secondly, evidence taken and put in the form of a report by a 
detective of Gen. McClellan. 

i ADf, DLC-RTL. Presumably this letter was never completed or sent. Gen- 
eral Stone's letter of February 15, 1864, states: 

"As a soldier, I make to you my last appeal for justice. ... It is now more 
than two years since I was suddenly taken from the command of one of the 
largest and finest divisions of the Army, and incarcerated in a prison set aside 
for traitors. . . . 

"I remained in prison one hundred and eighty nine days, as true a soldier of 
the United States as remained in her armies. . . . 

"I will not recal the frequent appeals which I made. . . . Appeals for ap- 
pearance of accuser appeals for statement of accusation appeals for hearing 
appeals for opportunity of service. 

"It is sufficient that none were ever regarded. ... I was discharged without 
ever having seen accusation or the name of an accuser. . . . 

"After six months of imprisonment and nine months of forced inactivity . . . 
I was suddenly ordered ... to report for duty in the Department of the 
Gulf. . . . 

"A new campaign is now about to open. It may be the last of many which I 
have had the fortune to participate in. It will perhaps be fortunate for all 
concerned that it should be so. . . . 

"I respectfully ask, for the sake of the Service which I have loved and never 
dishonored, and for the sake of my name in history to be read by my descend- 
ants, that some act, some word, some order shall issue from the Executive 
which shall place my name clear of reproach, as I know it should be. . . ." 
(DLC-RTL). 

See Lincoln's communications to Hamlin, April 28, -1862, and to the Senate, 
May i, 1862, supra. General Stone resigned from the army on September 13, 
1864. 

To Edward Bates 1 

DeWitt. C. Ballou April 5, 1864 

Pardon. 

Will the Attorney General please preserve these papers? It may be 
easier hereafter than now, to grant a pardon in the case. 

April 5. 1864 A.L. 

1 AES, DNA RG 204, U.S. Pardon Attorney, A 528. Lincoln's endorsement is 
written on an envelope containing a petition for pardon of DeWitt C. Ballou of 
Missouri, convicted of conspiracy. 

[286] 



Endorsement Concerning John F. Botts 1 

April 5, 1864 

I think the Department Commander, with his assistants, should, 
with reference to the public peace and security on the one hand, 
and humanity on the other, decide applications of this class. 
April 5. 1864 A. LINCOLN 

i Copy, DNA WR RG 107, Secretary of War, Letters Received, P 207, Regis- 
ter notation. The transcript preserved in the register is of an endorsement by 
Lincoln on a letter of John S. Clark concerning John F. Botts, banished South 
from Missouri and wishing to return. 

To Mrs. Horace Mann 1 

Mrs. Horace Mann, Executive Mansion, 

Madam, Washington, April 5, 1864. 

The petition of persons under eighteen, praying that I would 
free all slave children, and the heading of which petition it appears 
you wrote, was handed me a few days since by Senator Sumner. 
Please tell these little people I am very glad their young hearts 
are so full of just and generous sympathy, and that, while I have 
not the power to grant all they ask, I trust they will remember that 
God has, and that, as it seems. He wills to do it. Yours truly 

A. LINCOLN 

i ADf S, DLC-RTL; ALS-F, ISLA. See Lincoln to Sumner, infra. The "Pe- 
tition of the Children of the United States; that the President will free all slave 
children" bears one hundred ninety-five signatures (DLC-RTL). In reply to 
Lincoln's letter, forwarded by Senator .Sumner, Mrs. Mann wrote: "It was 
wholly without my knowledge that my name was sent to you in connection 
with the petition of persons under eighteen in Concord . . . but I cannot re- 
gret it, since it has given me this precious note from your hand. . . . We in- 
tend immediately to scatter fac-similes of your sweet words to the children like 
apple blossoms all over the country and we look with more hope than ever 
for the day when perfect justice shall be decreed, which shall make every able 
bodied colored man spring to the defence of the nation which it is plain the 
white man alone cannot save. . . ." .(Ibid.). 

In deference to Mrs. Mann's desire to remain anonymous, the facsimiles, 
which were widely distributed, show instead of "Mrs. Horace Mann" "Mrs. 
(of Concord Mass.)." 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

I leave to the Sec. of War whether this shall be brought to the 
notice of Gen. Grant A. LINCOLN 

April 5. 1864 

1 AES, NHi. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a telegram from Governor 
Andrew Johnson, April 5, 1864: "The papers state that Genl Buell is to be sent 
to Knoxville to take Command. I trust in god that Gen Buell will not be sent 

[287] 



APRIL 5, 1864 

to Tennessee. We have been cursed with him here once and do not desire its 
repetition. We had a fine meeting at Shelbyville. Went off well General 
Ro[u]sseau made a fine speech taking high ground on the negro question which 
will I think do great good in Kentucky and Tennessee If Genl Ro[u]sseau had 
leave of absence for a short time which would enable him to visit Kentucky and 
make some speeches in that state such as he made at Shelbyville it would do 
much good in putting down copperheads and traitors. If this suggestion was 
made to Genl Thomas I have no doubt he would grant him leave of absence 
for the present. His services would be invaluable in Kentucky." 

General Buell had been before a Military Commission to investigate his Ken- 
tucky and Tennessee campaign of November 24, 1862 to May 10, 1863, and 
was awaiting orders at Indianapolis. On June i, 1864, he resigned. 

To Charles Sumner 1 

If Senator Sumner thinks it would be proper, he may forward 
the inclosed to Mrs. Mann. A.L. 

April 5. 1864 
1 ALS, CSmH. See Lincoln to Mrs. Horace Mann, supra. 

To Robert B. Van Valkenburgh 1 

April 5, 1864 

If Hon. Mr. Van Valkenburgh will say distinctly in writing that 

he desires the discharge of Reuben C. Ward, he shall be discharged. 

April 5. 1864. A. LINCOLN 

Let said Reuben C. Ward be discharged. A. LINCOLN 

April 5. 1864. 

1 AES, owned by Roy G. Fitzgerald, Dayton, Ohio. Lincoln's first endorse- 
ment is written on a letter from Representative Robert B. Van Valkenburgh, 
April i, 1864, introducing Mrs. Ward "a widow residing in my district. She 
has only two sons both in the 5oth Regt N.Y.V. Since their enlistment her hus- 
band has died, and she desires that one of her sons be discharged. . . ." The 
second endorsement is written on Van Valkenburgh's note of April 5, 1864, ask- 
ing that Reuben C. Ward be discharged. 

To John Catron 1 

Mr. Justice Catron Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, April 6, 1864. 

Mrs. Masson comes to me with a note of introduction from you. 
She asks that James H. McEwen, now a prisoner [of] war at Rock- 
Island, Illinois [be pardoned] . If you will write below on this sheet 
that if he shall take the oath of December 8. and be discharged, 
you pledge your honor he will keep faith, I will order his discharge. 
Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, owned by Henry R. Benjamin, New York City. No reply from Judge 
Catron has been found, and neither Mrs. Masson nor McEwen has been iden- 
tified. 

[288] 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

If the services can be made available let Hon. Mr. Whaley be 
obliged by the appointment within requested A. LIISTCOLN 

April 6, 1864 

1 AES, IHi. Lincoln's endorsement is -written on a letter of U.S. Representa- 
tive Kellian V. Whaley of West Virginia, to Stanton, April 5, 1864, recom- 
mending appointment of J. Mabbett Brown as quartermaster or commissary 
of subsistence with rank of captain. No record of Brown's appointment has 
been discovered. 

To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Major General Butler. Washington, April 7, 1864. 

Mrs. L. and I think we will visit Fort-Monroe some time next 
week; meanwhile whatever is to be done on the business-subject 2 
will be conducted through the War Department. Please do not 
make public our probable visit. A LINCOLN 

1 ADfS, DLC-RTL; LS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 22. A 
telegram from John Hay to Butler, April 6, 1864, authorizing Butler to visit 
Washington at the president's direction, was amended by Stanton so as to 
read "you will submit by letter or telegram to the Secretary of War the points 
in relation to the exchange of prisoners whenever you wish instructions and 
that it is not necessary for you to visit Washington for the purpose indicated." 
(DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 20). Butler replied on the same 
day, "I beg leave to assure the President that I have no desire to visit Wash- 
ington, but wish he should visit Fortress Monroe as expressed in my telegram 
of Saturday." (Private and Official Correspondence of General Benjamin F. 
Butler. . . . , IV, 29). See further, Lincoln to Butler, April 11, infra. 

2 Perhaps Lincoln refers to Butler's confiscation of the estate of John Wil- 
liams of Portsmouth, Virginia. See Butler to Stanton, April 4, 1864, op. cit.^ IV, 16. 

To Simon Cameron 1 

Hon. Simon Cameron Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir. Washington, April 7, 1864. 

I have this moment, only, received yours of March 2Qth. I "will 
see you any time it is convenient for you to come. Yours truly 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, DLC-Cameron Papers. Cameron's letter of March 29, 1864, is as fol- 
lows: 

"I had a letter this morning from a very intelligent politician of much influ- 
ence in N. York urging me to consent to a postponement of the convention till 
Sept. Some time ago a committee called on me to urge the same matter 

"These things and others that have come to my view, convince me that it 
will be vigorously urged and that if it is not vigorously resisted, it will succeed. 

"In connection with this it is well known that Mr. Seward has never ceased 
to think he will succeed you, and that his faithful manager hopes to carry him 

[289] 



APRIL 7, 1864 

into the Presidency next March, by his skill, aided perhaps by the millions 
made in N. York by army & navy contracts. 

"Another, and I think a wiser party, look to the election of Genl. Dix. The 
least failure this summer, some men think, will evince [?] your defeat, by 
bringing forward a negative man, with a cultivated character such as Dix has 
acquired by avoiding all responsibility, & always obtaining with every party in 
power a high position. 

"I am against all postponements & I presume you are, but I look upon this 
movement as being so formidable that I should like to have a full & free con- , 
versation with you concerning it & the campaign. There are many points which 
would probably enable me to do more service & as I am in the contest, with 
no wish saving your success and with little business to interfere, I desire to 
guard against all surprizes. You are always so much employed when I am in 
Washington that I have hesitated to occupy your time but, if you will drop me 
a line saying when I can come to your house with a chance of an hours unin- 
terrupted talk, I will obey it. 

"I came from Ft. Monroe yesterday after spending three days there, during 
which time I had much pleasant conversation with Genl. Butler part of which 
I would like to communicate to you." (DLC-RTL). 

To the House of Representatives 1 

To the House of Representatives: April 7, 1864 

I transmit herewith a report from the Secretary of War, in an- 
swer to the Resolution of the House of Representatives of the 4th. 
instant, in relation to Major N. H. McLean. 

Washington, ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

April 7th. 1864. 

1 DS, DNA RG 233, House Executive Document No. 67. The resolution passed 
on April 4, 1864, requested the president to communicate the reasons why 
Major Nathaniel H. McLean, adjutant general of the Department of the Ohio 
(August 23, 1862 to December 26, 1863), had been ordered to Fort Vancouver 
as assistant to the provost marshal general and superintendent of recruiting 
service in Oregon and Washington Territory. Stanton's report of April 7, trans- 
mitted by Lincoln, reads as follows: 

"In answer to the resolution of the House . . . dated April 4. ... I have 
the honor to state 

"i. That Major McLean was ordered to Vancouver because it was deemed 
expedient for the service that he should go there. 

"2. It has never been the practice of the War Department ... to furnish 
copies of changes affecting the capacity or fidelity of its officers upon which no 
action has been taken. In the present instance it is not deemed compatible with 
the public interests to make any further answer to the latter branch of the 
inquiry contained in said resolution. . . ." 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, April 7, 1864. 

What are the facts in the case of William T. Aud, in the Carroll 
building prison Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

[290] 



APRIL 8, 1864 

i ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Secretary of War, Letters Received, P 236. Stan- 
ton replied on April 8 that William T. Aud had been found guilty on charges 
of being in business of conducting persons through Federal lines by rowing them 
across the Potomac, but that "on application in his behalf one half of his sen- 
tence was remitted yesterday." (DLC-RTL) . Montgomery Blair wrote on April 
7 introducing "Miss Lavania Beers who is sister-in-law of Wm T Aud. ... I 
have very little knowledge of Mr. Aud. ... I know however that he has 
voted with the Union party. . . ." (Ibid.). 



Form Order for Release of Prisoners 1 

April 8, 1864 

// the persons whose names follow, now Prisoners of 
War at ? shall take the oath of De- 
cember 8, 1863, and be discharged,, we, the undersigned Members 
of Congress, pledge our honor that they will keep faith: 

Joseph Henry Crosster Fort Deleware 

John B. Talbott Camp Chase 

Jefferson M Booth Camp Chase 

William E. Wood Camp Morton 

John Cohen Camp Douglas 

C. D. Nutter Camp Douglas 

J. N. Taylor Fort Deleware 

T. M Combs Fort Deleware 

Brutus J. Clay, M. C. 
W. H Randall M. C. 
Lu Anderson M. C. 

Excepting such as are commissioned officers, let the above named 
prisoner [s] be discharged on the conditions stated 

April 8. 1864. A. LINCOLN 

1 D and AES, IHi. A similar document of this date, bearing the same auto- 
graph endorsement by Lincoln, was submitted by members of congress from 
Missouri (RPB), and presumably numerous others were signed by Lincoln. 
The printed portions of the document are reproduced in italic type. 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

If consistent with the public interest, I shall be glad for the within 
request to be granted. A. LINCOLN 

April 8. 1864. 

1 AES, MiU-Hi-Chase Osborn Papers. See Lincoln's memorandum of July 29, 
1862. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter from Mrs. Hattie Knight 
asking that her sick husband, Robert T. Knight, "shall have the privilege of 
selling goods at the Soldiers Rest in Alexandria." 

[291] 



To Gideon Welles 1 

Hon. Sec. of Navy please see & hear Lieut. Merry-man, who was 
raised in the town of my residence A. LINCOLN 

April 8. 1864 

1 ALS, owned by Philip R. Davis, Chicago, Illinois. Concerning Lieutenant 
James H. Merryman, see Lincoln to Chase, May 13, 1863. 

To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

April 9, 1864 

Mr. Buttz wishes to return to Portsmouth. I will not force him 
back into Gen. Butler's Department, contrary to his will; but I will 
be obliged if Gen. Butler will hear him on the question of what his 
future conduct will be, and restore him if he shall think he safely 
can. A. LINCOLN. 

April 9. 1864 

1 AES, DLC-Butler Papers. Lincoln's endorsement is written on an envelope 
endorsed by Edward Bates: "The bearer, Mr Butts of Norfolk, Va., begs a short 
interview, upon a matter of the greatest importance to him. 

"Mr Butts, is a Pennsylvanian, late a cavalry officer. Reputed a good lawyer, 
and stands highly recommended, in this office for Dist: Atty." Charles W. Butts, 
a lawyer and formerly a lieutenant of Company I, Eleventh Pennsylvania Cav- 
alry (resigned October 28, 1863) wrote Attorney General Bates on March 19, 
1864, protesting Butler's confiscation orders, specifically the seizure of the estate 
of John W. Williams of Portsmouth, Virginia (Private and Official Corre- 
spondence of Benjamin F. Butler 9 IV, 18). 

To Joseph Holt 1 

Judge Advocate General please examine and report upon this case. 
April 9. 1864 A. LINCOLN 

i AES, DNA GE RG 60, Papers of Attorney General, Segregated Lincoln 
Material. Lincoln's endorsement is written, on an envelope containing papers 
in the case of J. V. W. Vandenburg formerly a captain in the One Hundred 
Twenty-fifth New York Volunteers, convicted of presenting false accounts and 
vouchers, and fined $1,000. Holt's report of April 21, 1864, gave the opinion 
that the case against Vandenburg was faulty and recommended pardon. An 
opinion by Attorney General Bates, May 18, 1864, concurred that "the offence 
is not a felony" On May 9, Lincoln endorsed "Pardon. A. Lincoln." 

To Joseph Holt 1 

Judge Advocate General please report on this case. 
April 9. 1864. A. LINCOLN 

Application denied. A. LINCOLN 
April 27, 1864. 

[292] 



APRIL 11, 1864 

i AES, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, LL 1670. Lincoln's en- 
dorsement is written on the record of Nathan W. Stout, late pilot of the 
steamer Fulton, dismissed for intoxication. Holt reported that Stout should not 
be relieved of sentence. 



To George G. Meade 1 

Major General Meade Executive Mansion, 

Army of the Potomac Washington, April 9. 1864. 

Suspend execution of private William Collins, Co. B. 6gth. N.Y. 
Vols. Irish Brigade, and class him with other suspended cases. 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, owned by Joseph L. Block, Chicago, Illinois. See further, Lincoln to 
Meade, April 17, infra. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Let the order in this case be modified as within requested. 

April 9, 1864. A. LINCOLN 

1 AES, IHi. Lincoln's endorsement appears on a letter of Reverend John A. 
Spooner, Baltimore, to Montgomery Blair, April 7, 1864. Because of poor 
health, Spooner had attempted to resign as hospital chaplain at Point Lookout, 
but had been dismissed instead. AGO Special Orders No. 144, April 11, 1864, di- 
rected that "So much of ... Special Orders, No. 99, of March ist, 1864, from 
this Office, as dismissed Hospital Chaplain John A. Spooner, U.S. Army, for 
absence without proper authority, is hereby revoked, and his resignation has 
been accepted by the President, to take effect February 8th, 1864." 

To Charles Sumner 1 

Will Senator Sumner please call and see me this morning? 
April 9. 1864 A. LINCOLN 

251. F. Street 

1 ALS, owned by Dale Carnegie, New York City. 

To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Office U.S. Military Telegraph, 

Major General Butler War Department, 

Fort-Monroe, Va Washington, D.C., April 11 1864. 

Mrs. L. is so unwell that I now think we will not make the con- 
templated trip this week. Will notify you in time. Will probably 
get a Boat here, but will accept yours if necessary. Thanks for your 
kind interest in the case. A. LINCOLN 

[293] 



APRIL 11, 1864 

1 ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 24. See Lincoln to But- 
ler, April 7, supra. On April 10 Butler telegraphed, "Shall I send a boat for 
yourself and party? If not please telegraph me when you leave, or will arrive" 
(DLC-RTL). 

Endorsement Concerning John Ehler 1 

They say that by the destruction of a bridge this boy has been 

unable to pass on this. Might it not be renewed for the little fellow.? 

April 11. 1864 A. LINCOLN 

1 AES, IHi. Lincoln's endorsement is written on the back of an official War 
Department pass issued on April 9, 1864, to "John Ehler, a boy to years old, 
to the Army of the Potomac, to join Emery R. Simons, 6ist. N.Y. Veteran Vols." 
See also Lincoln's pass for John Ehler, September 13, infra. 

To Joseph Holt 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
Judge Advocate General April 11. 1864. 

It is understood that in the early part of 1862, or latter part of 
1861, Francis G. Young was tried and dismissed by a Court Martial 
sitting at Poolesville Md. Col. Devens 2 was President of the Court. 
What I want is the record of the trial, & if you can find it for me 
I shall be obliged Yours truly A. 



1 ALS, owned by Joseph Holt Rose, Pasadena, California. See Lincoln to 
McClellan, December 6, 1861, supra. No reply has been discovered. 

2 Colonel Charles Devens (?) of the Fifteenth Massachusetts Infantry. 

Order for Discharge of Prisoners 1 

Excepting commissioned officers, let the within named prisoners be 
discharged on the conditions stated. A. LINCOLN 

April 11. 1864. 

1 AES, ICU. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a form order for discharge 
of forty-five prisoners as listed and vouched for by members of congress from 
Missouri. See similar order, April 8, supra. 

To William H. Seward 1 

Office U.S. Military Telegraph, 

Hon. W. H. Seward War Department, 

Astor-House Washington, B.C., 

New-York. ^ April 11, 6/15 PM. 1864. 

Nothing of importance since you left. A. LINCOLN 
i ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 25. 

[294] 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

April 11, 1864 

Hon. Sec. of War, please see L. H. Putnam, whom you will find a 
very intelligent colored man; and who wishes to talk about our 
colored forces, their organization, &c A. LINCOLN. 

April 11, 1864. 

iALS-F, Brooklyn Daily Eagle, February 12, 1928. L. H. Putnam has not 
been identified. 



To Miss Steele 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
My Dear Miss Steele April 11, 1864. 

I cannot refuse you so slight a favor for so good a purpose. Yours 
very truly A. LINCOLN. 

1 LS, RPAB-Hawkins Collection. Miss Steele has not been identified, but may 
have been the same Ella Steele to whom Lincoln sent his autograph on Febru- 
ary 20, 1865, infra. 



To John C. Underwood 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Washington, April 11. 1864. 

If Judge John C. Underwood will say in writing on this sheet that 
he personally knows Mrs. Keenan, and that he desires her & her 
little nephew to pass our lines and go to her father in Rockingham, 
Va, I will direct a pass to be given her accordingly. 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, DLC-RTL. John C. Underwood, judge of the U.S. District Court of 
Virginia at Alexandria, answered on the bottom of the page: "I have long 
known Mrs Keenan her father husband & children I highly esteem her for 
her energy integrity & private virtues & since duty calls her to guide & guard 
her now fatherless children who are with her father in Rockingham Co. Va. I 
request for her & her little nephew a pass to that place." Mrs. Keenan has not 
been further identified. 



To Whom It May Concern 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Whom it may concern Washington, April 11. 1864. 

I know nothing on the subject of the attached letter, except as 
therein stated. Neither do I personally know Mrs. Hunt. She has, 

[295] 



APRIL 12, 1864 

however, from the beginning of the war, been constantly repre- 
sented to me as an open, and somewhat influential friend of the 
Union. It has been said to me, (I know not whether truly) that her 
husband is in the rebel army, that she avows her purpose to not 
live with him again, and that she refused to see him when she had 
an opportunity during one of John Morgan's raids into Kentucky. 
I would not offer her, or any wife, a temptation to a permanent 
separation from her husband; but if she shall avow that her mind 
is already, independently and fully made up to such separation, I 
shall be glad for the property sought by her letter, to be delivered 
to her, upon her taking the oath of December 8, 1863. 

A. LINCOLTST 

i ALS, ORB; ADfS, DLC-RTL. Mrs. Sallie Ward Hunt, wife of Daniel Hunt, 
wrote Mrs. Lincoln on March 31, 1864, requesting her influence in obtaining 
furniture and personal effects held by authorities in New Orleans (ALS, ORB). 



To Alexander II 1 

April 12, 1864 
Abraham Lincoln 

President of the United States of America. 
To His Majesty Alexander II. 

Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias 

&c. &c. &c. 

Great and Good Friend: I have received the letter which Your 
Imperial Majesty was pleased to address to me on the 26th. (14) of 
January last, announcing the birth of the 22d ( loth) of that month 
of a son who has received the name of Pierre to Madame the Grand 
Duchess Alexandra Petrovna, Spouse of Your Imperial Majestys 
well beloved brother His Imperial Highness Monseigneur the 
Grand Duke Nicolas Nicolaewitch. 

Your Majesty does but justice to my sentiments in the conviction 
which you have been pleased to express that I will take, in an event 
so satisfactory to you, and Your Imperial House the same interest 
which Your Majesty is ever inclined to take in all that concerns 
the prosperity of the United States, and I beg Your Majesty to ac- 
cept my sincere congratulations upon the occasion: And so I rec- 
ommend Your Majesty's Imperial Family to the protection of the 
Almighty. Your Good Friend ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

Washington, 12th April 1864. 
By the President 

F. H. SEWARD. Acting Secretary of State. 

[296] 



APRIL 12, 1864 

1 Copy, DNA FS RG 59, Communications to Foreign Sovereigns and States, 
III, 2t8-ig. 

To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Major General Butler Executive Mansion Washington, DC. 

Fort-Monroe, Va. April 12. 1864 

I am pressed to get from Libby, by special exchange, Jacob C. 
Hagenbuch i Lieut. Co. H. 67. Penn. Vols. Please do it, if you can, 
without detriment or embarrassment. A. LINCOLN 

i ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 27. Butler replied on 
the same day that he would "endeavor to effect the proposed exchange." (DLC- 
Butler Papers). The roster of the Sixty-seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers lists 
Jacob C. Hagenbuch as mustered out at the expiration of his term on March 24, 
1865. 

To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Major Gen. Butler Executive Mansion, 

Fort-Monroe, Va Washington, April 12. 1864. 

I am appealed to in behalf of Charles Crumblin [Crumpton] 
said to be under sentence of death, to be executed at Norfolk to- 
morrow. Please ascertain whether there is any ground for a pardon, 
or even a respite, and answer me. A. LINCOLN 

i ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 28. Butler replied on the 
same day: 

"Telegram recieved. In regard to the question of pardon or respite I send the 
extract from the General Order which approved the sentence to -wit 

" 'In the case of Private Charles Crumpton Co. G. loth, regt New Hampshire 
Vols, it appearing that the accused enlisted as a substitute and recieved his 
bounty in payment therefor, then deliberately procured a rebel uniform with 
which to aid him in deserting and did desert from his regiment and was de- 
tected in the act, and when detected attempted to pass himself off as a rebel de- 
serter, no excuse is left for his acts and indeed none is attempted to be given. 
He has been tried before a General Court Martial and upon satisfactory evi- 
dence although defended by counsel of his own selection he has been found 
guilty. The proceedings findings and sentence are therefore approved & con- 
firmed' 

"I know nothing which can by possibility be urged in Crumptons favor ex- 
cept that he was defended by one Butts a lawyer who neglected his case, but I 
examined the record and came to the result above stated 

"Large numbers of the New Hampshire substitutes have deserted from York- 
town yesterday and to day some have gone to the enemy, some are lurking 
in swamps and some are attempting to get to Baltimore they are from the 
regiments lately at Point Lookout which I have had to remove from thence 
because I found them colluding with the prisoners and escaping. Three (3) 
having siezed a boat and carried off five (5) prisoners Those that we catch 
are being tried by Court Martial and I believe it will be necessary to execute 
quite a number of them." (DLC-Butler Papers). 

See Lincoln to Butler, April 13, infra. 

[297] 



To John A. Dix 1 

Major General Dix. Executive Mansion, 

New York City. Washington, April 12, 1864. 

Suspend execution of death sentence, of William H. Gibney, 7th 
N.Y. Heavy Artillery, until further orders. A. LINCOLN. 

Maj: Eckert. 

Please send the above dispatch JNO. G. NICOLAY Priv: Sec: 

i D, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 26. Nicolay signed both "A. 
Lincoln" and his own signature. Simeon Draper of New York City wrote Lin- 
coln on April 12 asking clemency for William Gibney, sentenced for desertion. 
Gibney remained in solitary confinement until June 22, when Lincoln referred 
to Stanton Gibney 's request to be released from heavy irons to work (DNA 
WR RG 107, Secretary of War, Letters Received, P 375, returned to the presi- 
dent, July 8, 1864). No further record of Lincoln's action has been found. 

To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Major General Butler Executive Mansion 

Fort-Monroe, Va. Washington D.C. April 13. 1864 

Yours in regard to Charles Crumpton received. I have no more 
to say in the case. A. LINCOLN 

i ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 29. See note to Lincoln's 
telegram of April 12, supra. No record of Lincoln's further action has been 
found, but Crumpton seems not to have been executed. The roster of the Tenth 
New Hampshire Volunteers lists him as discharged on July 12, 1865, at Con- 
cord, New Hampshire. 

To Joseph Holt 1 

Pardon proof being insufficient, except for short absence without 
leave. A. LINCOLN 

April 14. 1864 

1 AES, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, NN 1204. Lincoln's en- 
dorsement is written on the court-martial record of John C. Clevenger, First 
New Jersey Cavalry, sentenced to two years' imprisonment for absence without 
leave and for forgery. This is one of sixty-seven cases reviewed by Lincoln on 
April 14. His endorsements are routine pardons, commutations, remissions, or 
approvals of sentence with the exception of the two reproduced. 



To Joseph Holt 1 

This man is pardoned, and hereby ordered to be discharged from 
the service. A. LINCOLN 

April 14. 1864 

[298] 



APRIL l6 9 1864 

i AES, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, MM 761. Lincoln's en- 
dorsement is written on the court-martial record of Private Patrick Murphy, 
Company E, Second California Volunteers, sentenced to be shot for desertion 
and violation of the Twenty-Third Article of War. The court asked clemency, 
as the accused was insane. 



To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States: April 15, 1864 

I herewith lay before the Senate, for its constitutional action 
thereon, a supplemental treaty negotiated on the 12th of April, 
1864, with the Red Lake and Pembina bands of Chippewa Indians. 
A report of the Secretary of the Interior of this date and a com- 
munication from the Acting Commissioner of Indian Affairs ac- 
company the treaty. ABRAHAM LINCOLN". 
Washington City, April 15, 1864. 

1 Executive Journal, XIII, 490. See Lincoln's communication to the Senate, 
January 8, supra. The supplemental treaty was ratified by the Senate on April 
21, 1864. 



To James B. Fry 1 

Executive Mansion April 16. 1864 

The within paper was written at my suggestion by gentlemen rep- 
resenting Philadelphia, to present their views of the subject em- 
braced and to be signed by me if I could approve it. I am not 
prepared to assent to all that it asks at present, but I do order that 
the Philadelphia quotas be adjusted for the calls of 1863 and 1864 
already made, upon the basis that that City was under no deficit 
on November 3d. 1862, and allowing full credits for all since that 
date; and further that all other questions presented on said paper 
are left open for future adjustment. A. LINCOLN 

1 ES, IHi; ADf, DLC-RTL. The autograph draft is undated and reads: "The 
within paper was written at my suggestion, by gentlemen representing Phila- 
delphia, to present their views of the subject embraced, & to be signed by me, 
if I could approve it. I can not sign it, but order for the present, that the Phila- 
delphia quotas be adjusted for the calls of 1863 & 1864 already made, upon the 
basis that she was under no deficit on Nov. 3, 1862, and allowing full credits 
for all since that date; and further that all other questions presented on said 
paper are left open for further adjustment." 

The endorsement signed by Lincoln accompanies the following communica- 
tion dated April 15, 1864, and addressed to Colonel James B. Fry: 

"Finding that the quotas assigned to the different Congressional Districts of 
the State of Pennsylvania, under the calls for men of the years 1863 & 1864, are 
all affected by distributed portions of a supposed deficiency of that state, under 
calls of the years 1861 & 1862, when no accounts were kept by your department 

[299] 



APRIL l6 5 1864 

with. Congressional Districts, but only with the state at large; and evidence 
having been adduced before me tending to shew that persons acting officially, 
and by authority from the Governor of that state, did, on November sd. 1862, 
make a report to him, that, so far as the City of Philadelphia was concerned, 
she had complied with all calls upon her up to that time; which report was ac- 
cepted by said Governor, who, acting thereupon, at once ordered that no draft 
should take place in said City; & now, that we have begun to keep accounts 
with Congressional Districts, and even smaller localities, I am disposed to regard 
tHis report, so accepted and acted upon by said Governor, as conclusive in favor 
of said City, upon the questions therein decided. You will please direct the 
officers of your Bureau of Enrolment to act upon this report as follows: viz. 

"ist. To strike out all charge against said City of Philadelphia, as for a defi- 
ciency under the calls of 1861 & 1862. 

"ad. To give said City the benefit of any credit that may result to her, under 
the present practice of your department to reduce all charges <fo credits to 
terms of three years men, from the facts appearing in said report and the ac- 
companying documents, shewing that she furnished three years men who, in 
said report, are made to stand no better than nine months men furnished by 
other parts of the state. 

"3d. That credit be further given to said City for all men mustered into the 
service from November sd. 1862, the date at which her quotas were declared 
filled by the proper officers, under their existing regulations, until the date 
when accounts were opened by your Bureau with the several Congressional 
Districts 

"4th. That any credits, resulting from these orders, for surplus troops fur- 
nished under the calls of 1861 & 1862, shall be a balance to the credit of Phila- 
delphia under the calls of 1863 & 1864." 



To Henry W. Halleck 1 

April 16, 1864 
Let it be done. A. LINCOLN. 

1 OR, I, XXXIV, III, 178. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a despatch 
from General Grant to Halleck: "Please ask the President to authorize the 
transfer of Fort Smith and the Indian Territory to the Department of Arkansas. 
There is every reason why this Territory and the State of Arkansas should be 
under one man, and that man in the field. In case this change is made I wish 
General Blunt ordered back to report to General Curtis." AGO General Orders 
No. 64, April 17, 1864, ordered the transfer and also Blunt to report to Curtis. 



To John P. Usher 1 

Let the lands be withheld from sale as recommended. 
April 16. 1864 A. 



l ES, DNA NR RG 75, Office of Indian Affairs, Executive Order File. Lin- 
coln's endorsement is written on a letter of William P Dole to Usher, April 12, 
1864, concurring in recommendations of an enclosed letter from D. C. Leach, 
agent of the Mackinac Indian Agency, Detroit, April 5, 1864, that certain pub- 
lic lands be withdrawn from sale and added to the Little Traverse Indian Res- 
ervation. 

[300] 



To George G. Meade 1 

Major-General Meade, Executive Mansion, 

Army of Potomac: Washington, April 17, 1864. 

Private William Collins of Company B, of the Sixty-ninth New 
York Volunteers, has been convicted of desertion, and execution 
suspended as in numerous other cases. Now Captain O'Neill, com- 
manding the regiment, and nearly all its other regimental and 
company officers, petition for his full pardon and restoration to his 
company. Is there any good objection? A. 



1 Tarbell (Appendix), p. 422. See Lincoln to Meade, April 9, supra. No reply 
or further reference has been located. Captain Bernard S. O'Neill of the Sixty- 
ninth New York Volunteers was killed at Petersburg, Virginia, June 16, 1864. 

Address at Sanitary Fair, Baltimore, Maryland 1 

April 18, 1864 

Ladies and Gentlemen Calling to mind that we are in Balti- 
more, we can not fail to note that the world moves. Looking upon 
these many people, assembled here, to serve, as they best may, the 
soldiers of the Union, it occurs at once that three years ago, 
the same soldiers could not so much as pass through Baltimore. The 
change from then till now, is both great, and gratifying. Blessings 
on the brave men who have wrought the change, and the fair 
women who strive to reward them for it. 

But Baltimore suggests more than could happen within Balti- 
more. The change within Baltimore is part only of a far wider 
change. When the war began, three years ago, neither party, nor 
any man, expected it would last till now. Each looked for the end, 
in some way, long ere to-day. Neither did any anticipate that do- 
mestic slavery would be much affected by the war. But here we 
are; the war has not ended, and slavery has been much affected 
how much needs not now to be recounted. So true is it that man 
proposes, and God disposes. 

But we can see the past, though we may not claim to have di- 
rected it; and seeing it, in this case, we feel more hopeful and con- 
fident for the future. 

The world has never had a good definition of the word liberty, 
and the American people, just now, are much in want of one. We 
all declare for liberty; but in using the same word we do not all 
mean the same thing. With some the word liberty may mean for 
each man to do as he pleases with himself, and the product of his 
labor; while with others the same word may mean for some men 
to do as they please with other men, and the product of other men's 

[301] 



APRIL l8, 1864 

labor. Here are two, not only different, but incompatable things, 
called by the same name liberty. And it follows that each of the 
things is, by the respective parties, called by two different and in- 
compatable names liberty and tyranny. 

The shepherd drives the wolf from the sheep's throat, for which 
the sheep thanks the shepherd as a liberator, while the wolf de- 
nounces him for the same act as the destroyer of liberty, especially 
as the sheep was a black one. Plainly the sheep and the wolf are 
not agreed upon a definition of the word liberty; and precisely the 
same difference prevails to-day among us human creatures, even 
in the North, and all professing to love liberty. Hence we behold 
the processes by which thousands are daily passing from under the 
yoke of bondage, hailed by some as the advance of liberty, and be- 
wailed by others as the destruction of all liberty. Recently, as it 
seems, the people of Maryland have been doing something to de- 
fine liberty; and thanks to them that, in what they have done, the 
wolf's dictionary, has been repudiated. 

It is not very becoming for one in my position to make speeches 
at great length; but there is another subject upon which I feel that 
I ought to say a word. A painful rumor, true I fear, has reached 
us of the massacre, by the rebel forces, at Fort Pillow, in the West 
end of Tennessee, on the Mississippi river, of some three hundred 
colored soldiers and white officers, who had just been overpowered 
by their assailants. 2 There seems to be some anxiety in the public 
mind whether the government is doing it's duty to the colored 
soldier, and to the service, at this point. At the beginning of the 
war, and for some time, the use of colored troops was not contem- 
plated; and how the change of purpose was wrought, I will not 
now take time to explain. Upon a clear conviction of duty I re- 
solved to turn that element of strength to account; and I am re- 
sponsible for it to the American people, to the Christian world, to 
history, and on my final account to God. Having determined to 
use the negro as a soldier, there is no way but to give him all the 
protection given to any other soldier. The difficulty is not in stating 
the principle, but in practically applying it. It is a mistake to sup- 
pose the government is indiffe[re]nt to this matter, or is not doing 
the best it can in regard to it. We do not to-day know that a col- 
ored soldier, or white officer commanding colored soldiers, has been 
massacred by the rebels when made a prisoner. We fear it, believe 
it, I may say, but we do not know it. To take the life of one of their 
prisoners, on the assumption that they murder ours, when it is 
short of certainty that they do murder ours, might be too serious, 
too cruel a mistake. We are having the Fort-Pillow affair thorough- 

[302] 



APRIL l8 5 1864 

ly investigated; and such investigation will probably show con- 
clusively how the truth is. If, after all that has been said, it shall 
turn out that there has been no massacre at Fort-Pillow, it will be 
almost safe to say there has been none, and will be none elsewhere. 
If there has been the massacre of three hundred there, or even the 
tenth part of three hundred, it will be conclusively proved; and 
being so proved, the retribution shall as surely come. It will be 
matter of grave consideration in what exact course to apply the 
retribution; but in the supposed case, it must come. 

1 AD, The Rosenbach Company, Philadelphia and New York. A preliminary 
draft (infra) of the opening paragraph of this address is preserved in the Lin- 
coln Papers. 

2 See Lincoln's communication to cabinet members and note, May 3, infra. 

Draft of Address for Sanitary Fair at Baltimore 1 

[c. April 18, 1864] 

Mr. Webster once stated the proposition that a President could not 
be so applauded, and ministered unto, when his term of office, and 
with it, his power to confer favors, drew near to it's close, as he had 
been in the hey-day of his inaugeration. To illustrate this, he said: 
"Politicians office-seekers are not sun-flowers; they do not turn 
upon their god when he sets, the same look they gave when he 
rose." This may be a general truth; but, to my personal knowledge 
it is not particularly true in Baltimore. For intance, on the 22nd. 
or 23rd. of February 1861 (so near the end of one and the begin- 
ning of the other, as to be doubtful which) I passed through 
Baltimore, rich with honorable and fat offices, soon to be dispensed, 
and not one hand reached forth to greet me, not one voice broke 
the stillness to cheer me. Now, three years having past, and offices 
having passed away, Baltimore marks my coming, and cheers me 
when I come. Traitorous malice has sought to wrong Baltimore 
herein, ascribing to one cause what is justly due to another. For in- 
stance the Richmond, 2 alluding to that passage through Baltimore, 
said: "We have no fear of any bold action by the federal govern- 
ment; we remember Baltimore, and our faith is unwavering in 
Lincoln's cowardice" Now this is hugely unjust to Baltimore. I 
take it to be unquestionable that what happened here three years 
ago, and what happens here now, was contempt of office then, and 
is purely appreciation of merit now. 

1 AD, DLC-RTL. This fragment would seem logically to have been Lincoln's 
opening paragraph for the Baltimore address, abandoned for obvious reasons, 
both of politics and sentiment. 

2 Lincoln probably intended to insert here the name of a newspaper. 

[303] 



To Edward Bates 1 

Hon. Attorney General Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, April 18, 1864. 

Hon Ebenezer Dumont is very desirous that the fine of five hun- 
dred dollars assessed in the U.S. District Court of Indiana, against 
John Caldwell, for aiding a rescue, be remitted, said Caldwell hav- 
ing died, and the fine only operating upon his destitute family. If 
it be your opinion that the President has the legal power so to remit, 
please prepare the papers, or what is necessary to have it legally 
done. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

1ALS, DNA RG 204, U.S. Pardon Attorney, A 516. See Lincoln to Bates, 
April 4, supra. Ebenezer Dumont was U.S. representative from Indiana. 



To Edward Bates 1 

Attorney General please send nomination for Thomas A. Osborne, 
in place of McDowell resigned. A. LINCOLN 

April 18. 1864. 

i AES, DNA GE RG 60, Papers of Attorney General, Segregated Lincoln Ma- 
terial. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a page torn from a letter which has 
not been found. Thomas A. Osborne's appointment as U.S. marshal for Kansas, 
replacing James L. McDowell, was confirmed by the Senate on April 20, 1864. 



To Edward Bates 1 

Attorney General please examine & report upon this case. 
April 18, 1864 A. LINGO LINT 

1 AES, DNA RG 204, U.S. Pardon Attorney, A 530, Lincoln's endorsement is 
written on a petition, November 17, 1863, for pardon of George Ward, signed 
by jurors who convicted him of highway robbery in the District of Columbia. 
No further reference has been found. 



To Paul Frank 1 

Col. Paul Frank 

of N.Y. 52nd. Executive Mansion, 

Army of Potomac Washington, April 18. 1864. 

Is there, or has there been a man in your Regiment by the name 
of Cornelius Garvin;? and if so, answer me as far as you know, 
where he now is. A. LIISTCOLTST 

1 ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 30. No reply or further 
reference has been located. 

[304] 



To Stephen Cabot 1 

Officer in Military command, Executive Mansion 

at Fort- Warren. Washington, 

Boston-Harbor, Mass. April 20. 1864 

If there is a man by the name of Charles Carpenter, under sen- 
tence of death for desertion, at Fort- Warren, suspend execution 
until further order, and send the record of his trial. If sentenced for 
any other offence, telegraph what it is, and when he is to be exe- 
cuted. Answer at all events. A. LINCOLN. 

i ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 31. No reply has been 
discovered. See Lincoln's telegrams to Cabot and to Dix, April 21, infra, 

Endorsement 1 

April 20, 1864 

If the officer commanding this man's regiment, and the officer com- 
manding his company will write on this paper that they desire him 
to rejoin his regiment, I will send him to them. A. LINCOLN 
April 20, 1864 

1 Thomas A. Madigan, A Catalogue of Lincolniana ( 1929) , p. 29. According 
to the source, this endorsement is written on a petition for pardon, not otherwise 
identified. 



Endorsement Concerning John Oberteuffer 1 

[c. April 20, 1864] 

I apprehend the re-organization of the Militia is a far larger job 
than Lieut. Col. Oberteuffer thinks. I could not enter upon it, now 
when I have not half time enough for other duties. 

1 American Art Association Catalog 4221, January 14-15, 1936, No. 356. Ac- 
cording to the source, Lincoln's endorsement was written on the back of a letter 
from Lieutenant Colonel John H. Oberteuffer, One Hundred Twelfth Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteers (Second Pennsylvania Artillery), April 20, 1864, asking an 
interview for the purpose of presenting a plan of reorganizing the militia 
system. 



Pass for Miss E. Sharp 1 

Allow Miss E. Sharp, an invalid to pass northward through our 
line and go to her parents in Norfolk, Va. A. LINCOLN 

April 20, 1864. 

i Copy, ISLA. 

[305] 



Note 1 

Please ascertain whether the message sent by me yesterday to 
Fort Warren, Boston-Harbor was delivered. A. LINCOLN 

April 21, 1864 

1ALS-P, ISLA. This unaddressed note was probably sent to the telegraph 
officer in the War Department. See Lincoln to Cabot, April 20, supra. 



To Stephen Cabot 1 

Officer in Military command Executive Mansion, 

at Fort- Warren Washington, 

Boston-Harbor, Mass. April 21, 1864. 

The order I sent yesterday in regard to Charles Carpenter is 
hereby withdrawn, and you are to act as if it had never existed. 

A. 



i ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 32. See Lincoln to Dix, 
infra. 



To John A. Dix 1 

Major General Dix Executive Mansion 

New- York Washington, D.C. April 21. 1864 

Yesterday I was induced to telegraph the officer in military com- 
mand at Fort- Warren, Boston-Harbor, Massachusetts, suspending 
the execution of Charles Carpenter, to be executed to-morrow for 
desertion. Just now, on reading your order in the case, I telegraph 
the same officer withdrawing the suspension, and leaving the case 
entirely with you. The man's friends are pressing, me, but I refer 
them to you, intending to take no further action myself. 

A. 



!ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 33. The New York 
Tribune (April 26, 1864) reported the execution of Carpenter and his accom- 
plice as follows: "Privates Charles Carpenter and Matthew Riley . . . two un- 
assigned recruits of the Vermont volunteers, suffered the extreme penalty of 
military law on Friday last [April 22], at Fort Warren, Boston Harbor, for 
the crime of desertion. They deserted the service in December, 1863. Carpenter 
after deserting, disguised himself, and commenced business as a bounty or sub- 
stitute broker. . . . They were convicted and sentenced to be shot . . . before 
a general court martial that met on January 30 ... which sentence was ap- 
proved by Gen. Dix. Maj. Cabot was charged with the execution of this 
order. . . ." 

[306] 



To George G. Meade 1 

April 21, 1864 

This case is submitted to Gen. Meade to be disposed of by him, 
under the recent order 2 upon the subject. A. LINCOLN 

April 21. 1864 

If Gen. Warren has recommended the discharge of this man, let 
him be discharged. A. LINCOLN 

Aug. 20. 1864 

1 AES, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, MM 1343. Lincoln's en- 
dorsements are written on the court-martial record of Private William T. Evers 
(alias William J. Evans), Fourteenth New York State Militia, sentenced to ten 
years' imprisonment for desertion. General Meade had recommended mitigation 
on General [Gouverneur K.] Warren's recommendation, but for unknown 
reasons Lincoln's first endorsement was not acted upon. Lincoln reviewed 
seventy-two court-martial cases on April 21, his other endorsements of this date 
being routine approvals, mitigations, or remissions of sentence. 

2 AGO Special Orders No. 54, April 21, 1864, authorized General Meade "to 
commute the sentence of death to imprisonment, (with forfeiture of all pay 
due,) in the Dry Tortugas Fort, during the present war, or to make such other 
commutation of sentence ... as in each case justice, and the benefit of the 
service, may, in his judgment, require." 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

April 21, 1864 

Please have General Halleck make the proper order in this case. 
Hon. Secretary of War. A. LINCOLIST. 

1 Thirty-eighth Congress, First Session, House Executive Document No. 80, p. 
6. Lincoln's endorsement is on a letter from Francis E Blair, Jr., April 20, 1864: 

"You will do me a great favor by giving the order assigning me to the com- 
mand of the i7th army corps immediately, as I desire to leave Washington the 
next Saturday to join the command. I also request the assignment of Captain 
Andrew J. Alexander, of 36. regiment U.S. cavalry, as adjutant general of the 
7th corps, with the rank of lieutenant colonel. The present adjutant, or rather 
the former adjutant . . . has been retained by General McPherson as adjutant 
general of the department, and the place ... is necessarily vacant. 

"I also request the appointment of George A. Maguire, formerly captain, 
3 ist Missouri volunteer infantry, as major and aide-de-camp, and Lieutenant 
Logan Tompkins, 2ist Missouri volunteer infantry, as captain and aide-de-camp 
on my staff." 

See Lincoln's communications to Grant, March 15, supra, and to the House 
of Representatives, April 28, infra. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir, Washington, April 21, 1864. 

The accompanying letter & papers from Gov. Hahn, came to me 
with a letter of his to me, requesting me to read these and hand 

[307] 



APRIL 21, 1864 

them to you. Shall we send him his Louisiana citizens named? 
Yours truly A - LINCOLN 

1 ALS, ORB. The accompanying papers have not been found. 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, April 21, 1864. 

The Governors of Ohio Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa have just 
been with me; and I have made an engagement with them to meet 
you, Gen. Halleck and myself at 7. P.M. to-day, at this room. Please 
notify Gen. Halleck & you and he attend. Yours truly 

A. 

1 ALS, NHi. See Lincoln to Stanton, April 23, infra. 



To Mason Brayman 1 

Office U.S. Military Telegraph, 

Brig Gen Brayman. War Department, 

Comdg Cairo. Washington, D.C., April 22nd. 1864. 

What day did General Corse part with Gen Banks? 

A. LINCOLN 

1 D, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 34. This telegram is not 
in Lincoln's handwriting. Brigadier General Brayman had telegraphed Stanton 
on April 21: "General [John M.] Corse, who was sent by General Sherman 
to recall General A[ndrew] J. Smith's command from Red River, has re- 
turned. Banks returned to Grand Ecore, badly injured. He refused to return 
Smith's command. The naval force is caught in low water, with shoals above 
and below." (OR, I, XXXIV, III, 244). On April 23, Brayman replied to Lin- 
coln's telegram: "General Corse left General Banks on Monday the eleventh 
(11) I refer you to my dispatch to Mr Stanton yesterday The word 'severely 
injured' referred to Genl Banks Army & not him. Genl Corse left yesterday & 
expected to be in Nashville tomorrow" (DLC-RTL). 



To Albert G. Hodges 1 

Office U.S. Military Telegraph, 

A. G. Hodges, Esq War Department, 

Frankfort, Ky Washington, D.C., April 22. 1864. 

Did you receive my letter? A. LINCOLN 

l ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 35. Hodges replied the 
same day: 

[308] 



APRIL 22, 1864 

"Yours of the 4th instant -was received by due course of mail, and will be 
given to the people of Kentucky at the proper time. I have shown it to some of 
the prominent union men . . . and I have met but one as yet who dissents from 
your reasoning upon the subject of slavery. 

"It is with feelings of profound satisfaction I inform you, that every day . . . 
I have been receiving information of your steady gam upon the gratitude and 
confidence of the People of Kentucky. . . . My deliberate belief is, that with 
your name before the people of our State, to use a homely phrase, c ye shall 
"flax them out handsomely 9 ". . . ." (DLC-RTL). 



Order for Release of John Connor 1 

April 22, 1864 

Let this man, John Connor, go to his regiment; and upon his faith- 
fully serving out his term, making up lost time, or until he is 
otherwise honorably discharged, he is pardoned for said desertion. 

April 22, 1864 A. LINCOLN 

i ADS, NN. Private John Connor, First District of Columbia Infantry, was 
ordered released by AGO Special Orders No. 158, April 25, 1864. Lincoln's 
order is explained by a note of appreciation from Sister Emerentiana Bowden, 
Sisters of Charity, St. Matthew's Academy, April 23, 1864: "Accept our heart- 
felt thanks for the Pardon of John Connor, prisoner in Fort Delaware, which, 
at our instance, you were so kind as to grant yesterday. You will ever have 
the prayers & blessing of the afflicted wife & four almost starving children 
whom you have relieved. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, April 22. 1864. 

I infer, by Mr. Smith's pencil note that there may be some spe- 
cial reason for not discharging the five prisoners named on the 
accompanying paper. If so, lay the case aside till I see you. If not, 
let it take the usual course. Yours truly A. 



1 ALS, IHi. The verso is endorsed by Stanton, referring the matter to Gen- 
eral Ethan A. Hitchcock. The accompanying paper has not been found, but a 
letter from Green Clay Smith, dated April 19, 1864, is as follows: 

"Permit me to call your attention to the paper I left with you in regard to 
the release of five prisoners signed by myself & Mr Whaley. The Prisoners 
are Hopkins, Oldham, Coulter, Fretwell[?], and Emboy. These men I know, 
and by your own suggestion some time ago I offered this. 

"Now as to my signature to the paper presented by Messrs. Grider and Hard- 
ing, it was alone through politeness and kindness to them, without any pur- 
pose of commiting myself to them or their applicants I desired to return good 
for evil. 

"Please consider my personal claim, & let bearer . . . have the order for 
them. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 

[309] 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War, please see & hear Hon. Mr. Granger, of the last 
House of Representatives. A. LINCOLN 

April 22, 1864 

1 ALS, DLC. Bradley F. Granger was a Democrat of Ann Arbor, Michigan. 



To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

Major General Butler Executive Mansion 

Fort-Monroe, Va. Washington, April 23. 1864 

Senator Ten-Eyck is very anxious to have a special exchange of 
Capt. Frank J. McLean, of 9th. Tennessee Cavalry, now, or lately, 
at Johnson's Island, for Capt. T. Ten-Eyck, i8th. U.S. Infantry, & 
now at Richmond. I would like to have it done. Can it be? 

A. LINCOLN. 

* ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 37. See Lincoln's pre- 
vious telegram to Butler, March 19, supra. Butler's reply was received at 3:15 
P.M.: "I have no doubt that I can exchange Capt. McLean . . . for Capt. Ten 
Eycke. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 



To Gustavus V. Fox 1 

[April 23, 1864] 
I do not think I can go. Shall be glad if Captain Fox does. 

A. LINCOLN. 

1 Naval Records, I, IX, 686. Lincoln's endorsement is on a telegram of Ben- 
jamin F. Butler to Fox, April 23, 1864: "I think you can do more good to the 
service by coming here for twenty-four hours than anywhere else. Please 
breakfast with me to-morrow morning at 9 a.m. Perhaps you can bring the 
President with you." Major John Hay accompanied Fox. 



To William S. Rosecrans 1 

Major General Rosecrans Executive Mansion, 

St. Louis, Mo. Washington, April 23. 1864. 

A lady Mrs. Ward, sister of the late John M. Weimer is here, 
saying she is banished from St. Louis, her home, and asking to be 
allowed to return on taking the oath and giving bond. It is ex- 
clusively with you to decide; but I will thank you to examine the 
case; and shall be glad if you find it consistent with your views to 
oblige her. A. LINCOLN 

[310] 



APRIL 23, 1864 

1ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 36. Rosecrans tele- 
graphed his reply on April 24: "Mrs. Wards case is a very bad one she was 
banished East of Ills, North of the Ohio, which should have kept her from 
Washn. when it was rumored that there [was] a possibility of Provost Marshal 
Brohears [James A. Broadhead] yielding to pressure & rescinding the order the 
union aid society waited on him by committee with resolutions of remonstrance 
I think the order should stand." (DLC-RTL). 

To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States: April 23, 1864 

I transmit herewith a report from the Secretary of War, in an- 
swer to the Resolutions passed by the Senate in Executive session 
on the 14th. and i8th. of April, 1864. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

Washington, 
April 23d, 1864. 

1 DS, DNA RG 46, Senate a8B A4. Stanton's report of April 22, 1864, is as 
follows: "In answer to the Senate resolutions of April 14th and April i8th, I 
have the honor to state that the nominations of Colonel Hiram Burnham, 
Colonel Edward M. McCook, Colonel Lewis A. Grant, and Colonel Edward 
Hatch are not either of them made to fill any vacancy in the proper sense of 
that term. They are not made to fill a command vacated by any other general, 
but are independent nominations, and if confirmed the officers will be assigned 
to such command as the General commanding may deem proper. But in conse- 
quence of the resignations of Generals [Stephen] Miller, [Jeremiah T.] Boyle, 
and [John] Beatty, and the death of General [Stephen G.] Champlin, their con- 
firmations will be within the number of brigadiers allowed by law." (Execu- 
tive Journal, XIII, 501). The appointments were confirmed by the Senate on 
April 27, 1864. 

To the Senate and House of Representatives 1 

To the Senate and House of Representatives. April 23, 1864 

I transmit to Congress a copy of a note of the igth. instant from 
Lord Lyons to the Secretary of State, on the subject of two British 
naval officers who recently received medical treatment at the Naval 
Hospital at Norfolk. The expediency of authorizing Surgeon 
Solomon Sharp to accept the piece of plate to which the note refers, 
as an acknowledgement of his services, is submitted to your con- 
sideration. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 
Washington, 
asd, April, 1864. 

1 DS, DNA RG 233, House Executive Document No. 75. Lord Lyons' note of 
April 19, 1864, expressed his government's thanks for kindness in affording to 
"Lieutenant Cardale and Sub Lieutenant Dodsworth of her Majesty's ship 
Greyhound" during their illness the comforts and conveniences of the U.S. 
hospital at Norfolk, Virginia. Senator Summer's joint resolution authorizing 
Surgeon Sharp to accept the piece of plate was approved on June 7, 1864. 

[311] 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Washington, April 23, 1864. 

My Dear Sir: According to our understanding with Major Gen 
eral Frank P. Blair, at the time he took his seat in Congress las- 
winter, he now asks to withdraw his resignation as major general 
then tendered, and be sent to the field. Let this be done. Let ttu 
order sending him be such as shown me to-day by the Adjutan 
General, only dropping from it the names of Maguire and Tomp 
kins. Yours, truly, A. LINCOLN. 

Hon. Secretary of War. 

1 Thirty-eighth Congress, First Session, House Executive Document No. 8c 
pp. 6-7. See Lincoln's letter to Grant, March 15, and endorsement to Stanton 
April 21, supra. On April 23 Blair wrote Stanton, "I respectfully request t< 
withdraw my resignation as major general of the United States volunteers 
tendered on the 12th day of January, 1864." (Ibid.}. On the same day AGC 
General Orders No. 178 assigned Blair to command the Seventeenth Arm; 
Corps and assigned Captain Andrew J. Alexander to be his assistant adjutan 
general with rank of lieutenant colonel. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

The foregoing proposition of the Governors is accepted, and th< 
Secretary of War is directed to carry it into execution. 

April 23. 1864. A. LINCOLN 

1 AES, NN. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a memorandum from Stan 
ton, April 22, 1864, accompanied by a letter from the governors and a telegrar 
from General Grant, as follows: 

"An estimate has been made of the probable expense of the force mentione 
in the foregoing proposition and it is believed that its cost to the United State 
will amount to $25,000,000 The views of General Grant are indicated in th 
telegram a copy of which is annexed and which is a response to my enquiry a 
to whether he would desire the acceptance of 100 ooo men as at first propose 
by the Governors. In view of the importance of the ensuing campaign and th 
judgment of General Grant that the troops offered may be of 'vast importance 
I am in favor of accepting the offer. The present estimates are inadequate t 
meet the expense and additional appropriation will be required." 
"To the President Washington City, 

of the United States: April 2ist. 1864. 

"I. The Governors of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, and Wisconsin offer t 
the President infantry troops for the approaching campaign, as follows 
Ohio 30,000 

Indiana 20,000 

Illinois 20,000 

Iowa 10,000 

Wisconsin 5,000 

"II. The term of service to be one hundred days, reckoning from the da1 

of muster into the service of the United States, unless sooner dischargee 

"III. The troops to be mustered into the service of the United States by reg 

ments, when the regiments are filled up, according to regulations, 1 

[312] 



APRIL 25, 1864 

the minimtun strength the regiments to be organized according to the 
regulations of the War Department. The whole number to be furnished 
within twenty days from date of notice of the acceptance of tTrig propo- 
sition. 

"IV. The troops to be clothed, armed, equipped, subsisted, transported, and 
paid as other United States infantry volunteers, and to serve in fortifi- 
cations, or wherever their services may be required, within or without 
their respective States. 
"V. No bounty to be paid the troops, nor the service charged or credited on 

any draft. 

"VI. The draft for three years' service to go on in any State or district 
where the quota is not filled up; but if any officer or soldier in this 
special service should be drafted, he shall be credited for the service 
rendered. 

"Jno Brough W. M. Stone 

Gov. of Ohio Gov. Iowa 

"O. P. Morton James T. Lewis 

Gov Ind. Gov Wis" 

"Rich. Yates 
Gov. Ills 

"Office U.S. Military Telegraph, 
"Cipher. War Department. 

"The following Telegram received at Washington, 7 P.M. Apl. 2ist. 1864 

"Hon. Edwin M. Stanton From H'd. Qrs. Culpepper. 

"Secretary of War. Dated April 2ist. 1864. 

"As a rule I would oppose receiving men for a short term, but if 100,000 men 
can be raised in the time proposed by the Governors of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois 
and Iowa, they might come at such a crisis as to be of vast importance. 

"I would not recommend accepting them in lieu of quotas now due on any 
previous calls for three years troops, otherwise I would. 

"(Signed) U. S. Grant 
Lt. Gen." 

To John P. Gray 1 

Dr. John P Gray. Executive Mansion, 

Utica, New York. Washington, April 25, 1864. 

Sir, Private Lorenzo Stewart, 14th regiment New York Volun- 
teer Artillery, is in military custody at Elmira, New York, having 
been, by a military court, tried for murder, and sentenced to 
death, his execution awaiting the order of the President of the 
United States. The record is before me; and a question is made as 
to the sanity of the accused. You will please proceed to Elmira, 
New York, and take in writing, all evidence which may be offered 
on behalf of Private Stewart, and against him, and any, in addi- 
tion, which you may find within your reach, and deem pertinent; 
all said evidence to be directed to the question of Private Stewart's 
sanity or insanity, and not to any other question; you to preside, 
with power to exclude evidence which shall appear to you clearly 
not pertinent to the question. 

[313] 



APRIL 25, 1864 

When the taking of the evidence shall be closed, you will report 
the same to me, together with your own conclusions as to Private 
Stewart's sanity, both at the time of the homocide, 2 and at the time 
of your examination. On reaching Elmira, you will present this 
letter to the officer then commanding at that Post, and deliver to 
him a copy of the same, upon which he is hereby directed to notify 
Clinton Rice, Esqr. and F. B. Swift, Esqr., No. 200 Broadway, New 
York, of the same; to designate some suitable person in his com- 
mand to appear for the Government as Judge Advocate, or Prose- 
cuting Attorney: to provide for the attendance of all such witnesses 
before you as may be desired by either party, or by yourself, and 
who may be within convenient reach of you; to furnish you a suit- 
able place, or places, for conducting the examination; and to render 
you such other reasonable assistance in the premises as you may 
require. If you deem it proper you will examine Private Stewart 
personally, and you may, in your discretion, require him to be 
present during the whole, or any part, of the taking of the evi- 
dence. The military are hereby charged to see that an escape does 
not occur. Yours Very Truly, A. LINCOLN 

1 LS, IHi. See Lincoln to Holt, March 7, supra. 

2 Lincoln deleted "murder" 'and substituted "homocide." 

To Joseph Holt 1 

If this Petition is true, as it probably is, these men should be par- 
doned. Can the J.A.G. throw any light upon it? A. LINCOLN 
April 25. 1864 

1 AES, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, LL 1523. Lincoln's en- 
dorsement is written on a letter from Salmon E Chase, April 21, 1864, calling 
attention to the petition of Major Chambers Baird and citizens of Ripley, Ohio, 
concerning hardships of enlisted men and misconduct of officers with particular 
reference to the cases of Privates Calvin P. Shaw, John Steele, Lucian Stevens, 
and Henry Washburn, Second Ohio Heavy Artillery, sentenced to imprisonment 
for mutiny. Holt left the question to the president. On August 16, Lincoln 
pardoned Stevens, but the records do not show pardons for the others. 

To George G. Meade 1 

Major-General Meade, War Department, 

Army of Potomac: Washington City, April 25, 1864. 

A Mr. Corby brought you a note from me at the foot of a peti- 
tion I believe, in the case of Dawson, to be executed to-day. The 
record has been examined here, and it shows too strong a case for 
a pardon or commutation, unless there is something in the poor 
man's favor outside of the record, which you on the ground may 

[314] 



APRIL 25, 1864 

know, but I do not. My note to you only means that if you know 
of any such thing rendering a suspension of the execution proper, 
on your own judgment, you are at liberty to suspend it. Otherwise 
I do not interfere. A. LINCOLN-. 

iTarbell (Appendix), p. 424. Chaplain William Corby, Eighty-eighth New 
York Volunteers, telegraphed Lincoln on April 24: "General Meade has not the 
official proceedings relative to the Court Martial of L Dawson who is under 
sentence of death to take place 25th instant therefore cannot act Please say 
what will be done." (DLC-RTL) . 

General Meade replied to Lincoln's telegram the same day: "I duly received 
your note by Mr Corby & after examining the case of Dawson could see noth- 
ing to justify my reccomending a mitigation The only point is the fact that 
he has been awaiting sentence for a long period & may have deluded himself 
into the belief that he would escape Unless you intervene he will be exe- 
cuted." (DLC-RTL). 

Order for Discharge of F. P. Beidler 1 

April 25, 1864 

Upon the personal application of Hon. W. R. Morrison & Hon. F. 
C. Beaman, 2 and on the case within stated, which I believe to be 
true, let F. P. Beidler, within named be discharged. 

April 25. 1864 A. LINCOLN 

1 AES, owned by John S. M. Glidden, Natick, Massachusetts. Lincoln's en- 
dorsement is written on a letter from Richard Yates, April 24, 1864: "This lady 
Mrs. Beidler visited Springfield to see me in relation to discharge of her hus- 
band, but not finding me there has come to Washington. I have no doubt after 
hearing her case, that it is one in which the exception may be made, and I sin- 
cerely hope that you will grant the discharge of her husband. He is a minister 
of the Gospel and his education & state of health have not been such as to fit 
him for a soldier's life." A Franklin Beidler of Moweaqua, Illinois, Company E, 
Forty-first Illinois, was mustered out August 20, 1864. 

2 Representatives William R. Morrison of Illinois and Fernando C. Beaman of 
Michigan. 

To Gideon Welles 1 

Hon. Sec. of Navy Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, April 25, 1864. 

Francis A. Hoffmann our Lieut. Governor of Illinois, has an ap- 
plication on file for his son Francis to be appointed to the Naval 
School, but finds he is too old. He therefore wishes to substitute the 
name of a younger son Julius Hoffmann, who is now but sixteen. 
I wish this appointment made so soon as it can be consistently with 
what I have already said in other cases. Please keep me reminded 
of it Yours truly A. LINCOLINT 

1 ALS-P, ISLA. This letter is misdated "1861" in Tracy, p. 181. Julius T. C. 
Hoffmann entered the Naval Academy, September 22, 1864, but resigned. 

[315] 



To John Williams 1 

War Department 

John Williams, Washington City, 

Springfield, Ills. April 25 1864 

Yours of the 5th. is just received. Thanks for your kind remem- 
brance. I would accept your offer at once, were it not that I fear 
there might be some impropriety in it, though I do not see that 
there would. I will think of it a while. A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 38. John Williams, presi- 
dent of the First National Bank of Springfield, Illinois, wrote Lincoln on April 
15, 1864: "When I returned from Washington to New York I concluded to write 
you asking if you wished to invest $5000 in the First National Bank of Spring- 
field Illinois. The stock holders would feel proud of your association with them 
as one of the share holders; If you desire to become so I will sell you 50 shares 
of my stock which is paid up in full in fact the entire stock is paid up and our 
organization complete After writing the above it occured to me that possibly 
your position as President of the United States might make it improper for 
you to become a stock holder in any of the National Banks if so of course you 
will understand that the offer is made in all good faith & without any wish that 
you should do any thing that would compromise your high position" (DLC- 
RTL). 



To John R. Woods 1 

Executive Mansion, 
My Dear Sir Washington, April 25, 1864. 

I regret that I cannot be present at the inauguration of your 
Soldiers Home this week. Accept my thanks for your kind invita- 
tion and believe me, very truly Your Obedient Servant 

John R. Woods Esq A. 



1 LS, owned by Donald A. Woods, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. John R. Woods 
was secretary of the Illinois Sanitary Commission. Concerning the Soldiers' 
Home project, see Lincoln to Yates, February 3, supra. 



To George H. Thomas 1 

Major General Thomas Executive Mansion, 

Chattanooga, Tennessee Washington, April 26, 1864. 

Suspend execution of death sentence of young Perry from Wis- 
consin condemned for sleeping on his post, until further orders, and 
forward record for examination. A. 



Maj Eckert 

Please send the above dispatch JITO. G. NICOLAY Priv. Sec. 

[316] 



APRIL 27, 1864 

1 D, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 39. This telegram was 
written and signed by Nicolay. An undated draft of a telegram with an explan- 
atory note from Senator James R. Doolittle accounts for the telegram: 

"To Genl Thomas Chattanooga 

"Do not execute sentence upon young Perry from Wisconsin for sleeping at 
his post until case is reviewed 

"This young man is but 16 years old. I know his father well He consented 
at last to his son's enlisting at last j>zc]. He is a fine boy, but overcome with 
fatigue and sleep has incurred the dreadful penalty of death Please telegraph 
Genl Thomas to suspend execution" (DLC-RTL). 

No reply from Thomas has been found, and "Perry from Wisconsin" has 
not been satisfactorily identified. The court-martial files contain an incomplete 
record of Private Charles O. Perry, Company B, Third Maine Volunteers, sen- 
tenced to death for sleeping on post, but it is uncertain that this is the same 
soldier (DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, NN 1355). 



Endorsement Concerning Herman Huidekoper 1 

April 27, 1864 

I know nothing of the young man within named, except by 
hearsay, which is all in his favor. His brother Lt-Col. Huidekoper, 
who lost an arm at Gettysburg, I do know, and for his sake I would 
be very glad for the advancement of the young man. 

April 27, 1864. A. LINCOLN 

1 Henry S. Huidekoper, Personal Notes and Reminiscences of Lincoln (1896), 
p. 13. According to the source, Lincoln wrote this endorsement on a request pre- 
sented by Judge S. Newton Pettis of Meadville, Pennsylvania, that Herman 
Huidekoper be appointed a captain of colored troops. "Through this favor on 
part of Mr. Lincoln, it fell to the lot of Captain Huidekoper, not yet of age, to 
organize . . . the One Hundred and Twenty-seventh Regiment U.S.C.T." 



To George G. Meade 1 

Major-General Meade, Executive Mansion, 

Army of Potomac: Washington, D.C., April 27, 1864. 

Your dispatch about Private Peter Gilner received. Dispose of 
him precisely as you would under the recent order, if he were 
under sentence of death for desertion, and execution suspended by 
me. A. LINCOLN. 

1 Tarbell (Appendix), p. 425. Meade's despatch has not been located. Private 
Peter Gilner, Company F, Sixty-second Pennsylvania Volunteers, was sentenced 
to be shot for neglect of duty, disorderly conduct, and violation of Ninth Article 
of War. His sentence was commuted to imprisonment in Dry Tortugas, and on 
October 19 he received a presidential pardon (DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advo- 
cate General, MM 948). See Lincoln to Meade, September 20, infra. 

[317] 



To George G. Meade 1 

Major-General Meade, Executive Mansion, 

Army of Potomac: Washington, April 27, 1864. 

John J. Stefke [Siefke], Company I, First New Jersey Cavalry, 
having a substitute, is ordered to be discharged. Please have him 
sent here to Washington. A. LINCOLN. 

iTarbell (Appendix), p. 425. Meade telegraphed on the same day that the 
necessary orders for Siefke's discharge had been given (DLC-RTL). 



Memorandum Concerning Joseph L. Savage 1 

[c. April 27, 1864] 

Presented by the Mayor of Washington 

Peter Force Thomas P. Morgan Valentine Blanchard 

John H. Simms B. F. Guy. John F. Ennis 

Lewis Johnson E. C. Dyer Wm. E. Spaulding 

William Orme H. A. Chadwick James Skiwing[?] 

Francis Mohan Wm. O'Brien R. C. Johnson- 

Wm. B Todd James Kelly Geo. Savage 

Geo. H. Plant Patrick Cowley 

1 AE, DLC-RTL. Lincoln's endorsement is -written on a letter from Charles 
J. M. Gwinn, Baltimore, April 27, 1864, asking release of prisoner Joseph L. 
Savage, Navy contractor. 



To Isaac Murphy 1 

Governor Murphy Office U.S. Military Telegraph, 

Little-Rock, War Department, 

Arkansas. Washington, D.C., April 27. 1864. 

I am much gratified to learn that you got out so large a vote, so 
nearly all the right way, at the late election; and not less so, that 
your State-Government, including the Legislature, is organized, 
and in good working order. Whatever I can, I will do, to protect 
you; meanwhile you must do your utmost to protect yourselves. 
Present my greeting to all A 



1 ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 40. Governor Murphy's 
telegram, sent April 15 and received April 22, is as follows: "Both houses of 
the Legislature have organized today. . . . The vote for Constitution twelve 
thousand one hundred and seventy nine against it two hundred & twenty 
six (226) For Govr Twelve thousand four hundred & thirty We ask your 
sympathy & aid The country north & south of the Arkansas River is full of 
guerillas One (i) member killed coming here If reinforcements are not sent 
soon or Gen Steele ordered to return we are in great danger." (DLC-RTL). 

[318] 



Endorsement 1 

April 28, 1864 

I shall be glad for the Regiment to be filled; and am quite willing 
that recruits may be obtained therefor in West Virginia. . . . 

1 Anderson Galleries Catalog 2193, November 15, 1927, No. 278. This frag- 
mentary text is described in the source as an autograph endorsement signed, 
without further identification. 



To the House of Representatives 1 

To the House of Representatives April 28, 1864 

In obedience to the Resolution of your Honorable body, a copy 
of which is herewith returned, I have the honor to make the follow- 
ing brief statement which is believed to contain the information 
sought. 

Prior to, and at the meeting of the present Congress, Robert C. 
Schenck, of Ohio, and Frank P. Blair, Jr. of Missouri, members elect 
thereto, by and with the consent of the Senate, held commissions 
from the Executive, as Major Generals in the Volunteer Army. 
Gen. Schenck tendered the resignation of his said commission and 
took his seat in the House of Representatives, at the assembling 
thereof, upon the distinct verbal understanding with the Secretary 
of war and the Executive, that he might, at any time during the 
session, at his own pleasure, withdraw said resignation, and re- 
turn to the field. Gen. Blair was, by temporary assignment of Gen. 
Sherman, in command of a corps, through the battles in front of 
Chattanooga, and in the march to the relief of Knoxville, which 
occurred in the latter days of November, and early days of De- 
cember last; and, of course was not present at the assembling of 
Congress. When he subsequently arrived here, he sought, and was 
allowed, by the Secretary of War and the Executive, the same con- 
ditions, and promise, as allowed and made to Gen. Schenck. Gen. 
Schenck has not applied to withdraw his resignation; but when 
Gen, Grant was made Lieut. General, producing some change of 
commanders, Gen. Blair sought to be assigned to the command of 
a corps. This was made known to Generals Grant and Sherman 
and assented to by them, and the particular corps for him desig- 
nated. This was all arranged and understood, as now remembered, 
so much as a month ago; but the formal withdrawal of Gen. Blair's 
resignation, and making the order assigning him to the command 
of the corps, were not consummated at the War Department until 
last week perhaps on the 23rd. of April, Inst. As a summary of 

[319] 



APRIL 2 8, 1864 

the whole it may be stated that Gen. Blair holds no military com- 
mission or appointment, other than as herein stated; and that it is 
believed he is now acting as a Major General upon the assumed 
validity of the commission herein stated, in connection with the 
facts herein stated, and not otherwise. There are some letters, 
notes, telegrams, orders, entries, and perhaps other documents, in 
connection with this subject, which it is believed would throw no 
additional light upon it; but which will be cheerfully furnished, 
if desired. ABRAHAM LIISTCOLN 

April 28. 1864. 

i ADf, DLC-RTL; DS, DNA RG 233, House Executive Document No. 77. On 
April 25 Representative Henry L. Dawes of Massachusetts introduced the reso- 
lution calling on the president "to communicate to this House whether the Hon. 
Francis P. Blair, Jr., representing the first congressional district of Missouri in 
the Present House, now holds any appointment or commission in the military 
service of the United States; and if so, what that appointment or commission is, 
and when the said Blair accepted the same; and whether he is now acting under 
the authority of any such appointment or commission." See Lincoln to Grant, 
March 15, and to Stanton, April 21, supra; and the further communication to 
the House, May 2, infra. 



To Mary Todd Lincoln 1 

Mrs. A. Lincoln Executive Mansion, 

Metropolitan Hotel Washington, 

New- York. April 28. 1864. 

The draft will go to you. Tell Tad the goats and father are very 
well especially the goats. A. LINCOLN-. 

1 ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 41. Mrs. Lincoln tele- 
graphed on April 28: "We reached here in safety. Hope you are well. Please 
send me by mail to-day a check for $50 directed to me, care Mr. Warren Le- 
land, Metropolitan Hotel, Tad says are the goats well." (Katherine Helm, 
Mary, Wife of Lincoln, p. 239). 



To George G. Meade 1 

Major-General Meade, Executive Mansion, 

Army of Potomac: Washington, April 28, 1864. 

If Private George W. Sloan, of the Seventy-second Pennsylvania 
Volunteers, is under sentence of death for desertion, suspend execu- 
tion till further order. A. LINCOLN. 

iTarbell (Appendix), p. 425. The roster of the Seventy-second Pennsylvania 
Volunteers lists George W. Sloane as transferred to the One Hundred Eighty- 
third Pennsylvania Volunteers on July 20, 1864. 

[320] 



To the Senate and House of Representatives 1 

To the Honorable, the Senate, and April 28, 1864 

House of Representatives, 

I have the honor to transmit herewith an Address to the Presi- 
dent of the United States, and through him, to both Houses of Con- 
gress, on the condition and wants of the people of East Tennessee, 
and asking their attention to the necessity of some action on the 
part of the Government for their relief and which address is pre- 
sented by a committee of an organization called "The East Ten- 
nessee Relief Association." 2 

Deeply commiserating the condition of these most loyal and 
suffering people, I am unprepared to make any specific recom- 
mendation for their relief. The Military is doing, and will continue 
to do the best for them within its power. Their address repre- 
sents that the construction of direct Railroad communication be- 
tween Rnoxville and Cincinnati, by way of central Kentucky would 
be of great consequence in the present emergency. It may be re- 
membered that in the annual Message of December, 1861, such 
Railroad construction was recommended. I now add that with the 
hearty concurrence of Congress, I would yet be pleased to construct 
the road, both for the relief of these people, and for its continuing 
military importance. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

April 28, 1864 

1 ADf, DLC-Nicolay Papers; DS, DNA RG 46, Senate s8A Fa. A joint reso- 
lution reported from the committee on military affairs by Representative Rob- 
ert C. Schenck on May 25 authorized the president to construct a railroad from 
the valley of the Ohio to East Tennessee. It passed the House on May 31, but 
failed to pass the Senate. 

2 The address was signed by William Heiskell, William G. Brownlow, John 
Baxter, O. P. Semple, John M. Fleming, and Thomas W. Hughes. 

To Whom It May Concern 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
Whom It May Concern April 28, 1864. 

Charles G. Russell comes to me voluntarily saying he is a private 
in Co. B. in the 12th Iowa Regiment, and saying he is apprehensive 
of being arrested and punished as a deserter. Now, on condition 
that he rejoins his Regiment, and re-enlists with it, and serves out 
said re-enlistment, or until honorably discharged, for any cause, 
he is fully pardoned for said supposed desertion. A. LINCOLN. 

1 Hertz, II, 928. Charles G. Russell wrote Lincoln on April 19, 1864: "I am 
... a member of Company B 2th Iowa Inf. . . . That reg. was . . . engaged 

[321] 



APRIL 29, 1864 

at Fort Henry Donelson Shiloh the latter place we was taken prisoners, retained 
some two months . . . paroled . . . then sent to Benton Barracks St. Louis. 
. . . Many of us left, went home I suppose most of them went back I did 
not I went to Leavenworth Kansas. . . . While there I saw an order in the 
papers that all Iowa troops that was paroled was exchanged including those 
Benton Barracks and that many of them tired of the ennui of camp life had 
left. All would be furnished with transportation from where they happen to 
be. I wrote to a privat of company B telling him to show it to the Capt. ... I 
waited some three weeks got no answer then went to Denver City Colorado 
Territory have been there ever since up to the 26th day of Feb. Left for the 
States. Stayed in Nebraska a short tune then came directly here on purpose 
to deliver myself up for a deserter I never intended to stay away from the 
reg. but force of circumstance some time controls a man when he intends to do 
differently. . . . All I ask is to return to the reg. after having a few days to 
see my friends. I would have -went strait back to it if it had not been for that 
for I am very anxious to see nay parents if I had went home before going to the 
reg. I probably have been arrested. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 

To Mason Brayman 1 

Gen. Brayman Executive Mansion, 

Cairo, Ills. Washington, April 29, 1864. 

I am appealed to in behalf of O. Kellogg, and J. W. Pryor, both 
in prison at Cairo. Please telegraph me what are the charges, and 
summary of evidence against them. A. LiisrcoLisr 

1ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 42. Brayman replied 
on April 30: "Orton Kellog is under arrest for furnishing powder & munitions 
of war for being -within the rebel lines two years & returning as a spy. he -was 
a citizen of Illinois, his Attorney is in Washington. J W Ryan [>zc] is not in 
custody here." (DLC-RTL). 

To Joseph Holt 1 

At the request of Hon. E. H. Rollins, and in consideration that 

Lieut. Snell has already suffered severely, the sentence is remitted. 

April 29. 1864 A. LUNTCOLN 

i AES, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, MM 129. Lincoln's en- 
dorsement is written on the court-martial record of Lieutenant Jason D. Snell, 
Company K., Fourteenth New Hampshire Volunteers, who was dismissed from 
the service for selling whisky to enlisted men. The roster of the Fourteenth New 
Hampshire Volunteers shows that Jason D. Snell died of disease at Carrollton, 
Louisiana, on April 26, 1864. 

To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States. April 29, 1864 

In compliance with the Resolution of the Senate of the 2/th. in- 
stant, requesting information in regard to the condition of affairs 
in the Territory, of Nevada, I transmit a copy of a letter of the 

[322] 



APRIL 30, 1864 

25th. of last month addressed to the Secretary of State by James 
W. Nye, the Governor of that Territory. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

Washington, 

2Qth. April, 1864. 

l DS, DNA RG 46, Senate s8A Fa. This communication and enclosure were 
printed as Senate Executive Document No. 41. Governor Nye's report gives a 
glowing account of progress in Nevada Territory. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

April 29, 1864 

Private Daniel P. Clark of igth Conn. Vols. under sentence for 
desertion, suspended for action of President, is fully pardoned on 
condition that he enters and faithfully serves through a new enlist- 
ment of three years. 

1 William D. Morley Catalog, April 28, 1944, No. 214. According to the 
catalog description this is the text of an autograph letter signed. AGO Special 
Orders No. 163, April 30, 1864, conveyed Lincoln's pardon of Clark and ordered 
that Clark be released and returned to his regiment. 

Endorsements Concerning Julius Silversmith 1 

April 30, 1864 

I do not personally know Mr. Silversmith but Senator Conness who 
writes the above is habitually careful not to say what he does not 
know. A. LINCOLN 

April 30, 1864 

Not personally knowing Mr. Silversmith I cheerfully endorse what 
Governor Nye says of him. A. LINCOLN 

April 30, 1864. 

1 Isaac Markens, Lincoln and the Jews (1909), p. 55. According to the source, 
Lincoln's endorsements were written on letters from Senator John Conness of 
California and Governor James W. Nye of Nevada Territory, introducing Julius 
Silversmith, a metallurgist, editor and proprietor of the Mining and Scientific 
Press of San Francisco (1860-1862) and author of Practical Handbook for 
Miners , Metallurgists and Assay ers (1866). 

To James R. Fry 1 

Executive Mansion 
My Dear Sir April 30. 1864 

I thank you heartily for the kind invitation conveyed in your 
letter of the 26th. and sincerely regret that I cannot make a posi- 
tive engagement to avail myself of it. My time is subject to such 
constant and unexpected requisitions that I cannot unreservedly 

[323] 



APRIL 30, 864 

accept any such pleasure as that you offer me, at this distance of 
time. 

I shall be most happy to be present at an entertainment which 
promises so much, especially as it is in aid of so beneficent a charity 
as that in which you are interested, if my engagements next week 
will allow it. But I must beg that you will make no special ar- 
rangements in view of my presence, as I may be disappointed. If I 
can come, I will notify you as early as possible. Yours very truly 

[A. LINCOLN.] 

iDf, DLC-RTL. The draft is in John Hay's autograph, without signature, 
which is as printed in NH, X, 90. A telegram of the same date from Nicolay 
to Fry reads "The President cannot promise to come. Will write you today." 
(DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 43). James R. Fry of Philadel- 
phia wrote Lincoln on April 26, 1864: 

"You will receive, in the course of a few days, a formal invitation from gentle- 
men representing the Great Central Fair of the Sanitary Commission, the Union 
League and other bodies of this city, to come hither on Wednesday the 4th 
day of May to attend the Grand Musical Festival which will inaugurate the 
Fair. As chairman of the committee having charge of the Festival, while I ad- 
vise you of the proposed invitation, I solicit your attention to the importance of 
honoring the occasion by your acceptance of it. ... If you can favor me with 
an early reply it will be of moment to enable me to send prompt invitations. 
. . . P.S. Other departments of the Fair begin in June, but the Musical Festival 
(as I state above) on Wednesday the 4th of May." (DLC-RTL). 

Ulysses S. Grant 1 

Executive Mansion Washington, 
Lieutenant General Grant. April 30, 1864 

Not expecting to see you again before the Spring campaign 
opens, I wish to express, in this way, my entire satisfaction with 
what you have done up to this time, so far as I understand it. The 
particulars of your plans I neither know, or seek to know. You are 
vigilant and self-reliant; and, pleased with this, I wish not to ob- 
trude any constraints or restraints upon you. While I am very 
anxious that any great disaster, or the capture of our men in great 
numbers, shall be avoided, I know these points are less likely to 
escape your attention than they would be mine. If there is any- 
thing wanting which is within my power to give, do not fail to 
let me know it. 

And now with a brave Army, and a just cause, may God sustain 
you. Yours very truly A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, CSmH. General Grant replied on May i: 

"Your very kind letter of yesterday is just received. The confidence you ex- 
press for the future, and satisfaction -with the past, in my military administra- 
tion is acknowledged with pride. It will be my earnest endeavor that you, and 
the country, shall not be disappointed. 

[324] 



APRIL 30, 1864 

"From my first entrance into the volunteer service of the country, to the 
present day, I have never had cause of complaint, have never expressed or 
implied a complaint, against the Administration, or the Sec. of War, for throw- 
ing any embarassment in the way of my vigorously prossecuting what appeared 
to me my duty. Indeed since the promotion which placed me in command 
of all the Armies, and in view of the great responsibility, and importance of 
success, I have been astonished at the readiness with which every thing asked 
for has been yielded without even an explaination being asked. Should my 
success be less than I desire, and expect, the least I can say is, the fault is not 
with you." (DLC-RTL). 

To Nathan Kimball 1 

Officer in Command at Executive Mansion, 

Little Rock, Ark. Washington, April 30. 1864. 

Please send me the record of trial for desertion of Thadeus A. 
Kinsloe of Co. D. 7th. Missouri Vol. Cavalry. A LINCOLN 

i ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 44. No reply has been 
found. AGO Special Orders No. 212, June 18, 1864, remitted the unexecuted 
portion of Thaddeus A. Kinsloe's sentence to imprisonment at hard labor for 
the remainder of his term of service. 

Order for Exchange of H. H. Brogden 1 

April 30, 1864 

Let H. H. Brogden, now in prison at Fort Delaware, be sent to Ma- 
jor Mulford, at City-Point, to be exchanged for any one of same 
rank held a prisoner by the rebels. A. LINCOLN 

April 30. 1864 

1 ADS, DLM. Sergeant H. H. Brogden of the Confederate Signal Corps was 
captured on a visit behind Union lines to see his father who was ill (DNA WR 
RG 153, Judge Advocate General, MM 1139). Major John E. Mulford was 
Union agent for exchange of prisoners. 

Order for Pardon of Sioux Indians 1 

April 30, 1864 
List of Indian prisoners now in confinement at Camp McClellan 

near Davenport Iowa pardoned and to be liberated and sent to 

their families 

Tapeta Tanka Wiyaka Tunkarihuarnani 

Tahohpi wakan Kimyan hiotan Boyaya 

Wakanhotito Oye Muza lyasamani 

Tate sica Cinkpa tawa Icawtuze 

Wiyuha Tunkan Canholiska Manikiya 

Tunkan Oyate yanka Wakan inapedan alias Ahotonna 
Pantaninniye Muza kiyemani Maza adidi 

Contidoka duta Kalpantpan ku Tate Ibomdu 

Kimyan hiyaya Tahokaye 

[325] 



MAY 1, 1864 

The persons named on this list are pardoned and ordered to be sent 
to their families or relatives. A. LINCOLN 

April 30, 1864 

i D and AES-P, ISLA. Lincoln's endorsement is written in the right-hand 
margin of the single page containing the list. A copy of the list preserved in 
the Lincoln Papers contains Lincoln's endorsement "Pardoned to-day, April 30, 
1864." (DLC-RTL). Reverend Thomas S. Williamson, missionary to the Sioux, 
had written to Lincoln on April 27, assigning reasons for pardoning the Sioux 
imprisoned at Davenport, Iowa, since November, 1862, under sentence of death. 
Lincoln submitted the letter to William P. Dole, who answered on April 28: "I 
have read the letter of the Rev. Mr 'Williamson to you asking the pardon of 
certain Indians now under the sentence of death at Davenport and wish to 
say . . . that I do not believe any injury will accrue to the white people if 
you should exercise the pardoning power in favour of a portion of these people 
and I have so much confidence in ... Mr. Williamson that I have no hesi- 
tancy in uniting in his recommendation in favor of the particular persons named 
by him. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 

To Francis W. Kellogg 1 

Hon. F. W. Kellogg. Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, May i 1864. 

I find the card of yourself and Governor Blair on my table. If 
you and he please I will call and take you riding at half past 3. 
Yours truly A. LINCOLN*. 

1 ALS-F, ISLA. Francis W. Kellogg of Grand Rapids was representative in 
congress and Austin Blair was governor of Michigan. 

To the California Delegation in Congress 1 

California Delegation Executive Mansion, 

in Congress Washington, May 2. 1864. 

Will you gentlemen please take this case off my hands? I really 
have no time to acquaint myself with it. Yours truly 

A. 



1 ALS, owned by M. W. Morrow, San Francisco, California. No clue to the 
case has been found. 

To the House of Representatives 1 

May 2, 1864 
To the honorable the House of Representatives: 

In compliance with the request contained in your resolution of 
the agth ultimo, a copy of which resolution is herewith returned, I 
have the honor to transmit the following: 

[Executive Document No. 80 here prints: Lincoln to Mont- 
gomery Blair, November 2, 1863 (vide supra) ; Robert C. Schenck 
to Stanton forwarding resignation, November 13, 1863; Edward 

[326] 



MAY 2, 1864 

D. Townsend, November ai, 1863, to Schenck, accepting resigna- 
tion; Francis P. Blair, Jr. to Lincoln, January i, 1864, "I hereby 
tender my resignation as a major general of the United States Vol- 
unteers"; James A. Hardie to Blair, January 12, 1864, accepting 
resignation; Lincoln to Grant, re Blair, March 15, 1864 (vide 
supra) ; Grant to Lincoln re telegram, March 16, 1864; Grant to 
Lincoln re telegram, March 17, 1864; John A. Logan to Lincoln, 
asking to be retained in Fifteenth Corps, March 26, 1864; Grant to 
Sherman, March 30, 1864, directing Blair to be assigned to Seven- 
teenth Corps; Grant to Halleck, April 9, 1864, asking if Blair has 
been sent to Sherman; Blair to Lincoln, April 20, 1864, asking to 
be assigned immediately to command of Seventeenth Corps, en- 
dorsed by Lincoln to Stanton, April 21, 1864 (vide supra) ; Lincoln 
to Stanton, April 23, 1864 (vide supra) ; Blair to Stanton, April 23, 
1864, withdrawing his resignation of January 12, 1864; AGO 
General Orders No. 78, assigning Blair to command of Seven- 
teenth Corps.] 

The foregoing constitutes all sought by the resolution, so far as 
is remembered, or has been found upon diligent search. 

May 2. 1864 ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

1 DS (incomplete), DNA RG 233, House Executive Document No. 80; Thirty- 
eighth Congress, First Session, House Executive Document No. 80. On April 29 
the House adopted a resolution requesting copies of all "letters, notes, telegrams, 
orders, entries, and other documents" referred to in Lincoln's communication 
of April 28, supra. 

To Stephen A. Hurlbut 1 

Major General Hurlbut. Executive Mansion 

My Dear Sir. Washington May 2d. 1864 

Gen Farnsworth has just been reading to me from your letter 
to him of the 26th. ult. I snatch a moment to say that my friend- 
ship and confidence for you remains unabated, but that Gen's 
Grant & Thomas 2 cannot be held to their just responsibilities, if 
they are not allowed to control in the class of cases to which yours 
belongs. 

From one stand point a court of Inquiry is most just, but if your 
case were my own, I would not allow Gen's Grant and Sherman 
[to] be diverted by it just now. Yours Truly A LINCOLN 

1 Copy, DLC-RTL. General John F. Farnsworth, who had resigned his com- 
mission on March 4, 1863, to take up his duties as congressman, was pressing 
Hurlbut's demand for a court of inquiry- On April 16, 1864, General Sherman 
telegraphed Hurlbut: "There has been marked timidity in the management of 
affairs since Forrest passed north of Memphis. General Grant orders me to re- 
lieve you. You will proceed to Cairo and take command there." (OR, I, XXXII, 
III,38i). 

[327] 



MAY 2, 1864 

On April 18 Hurlbut replied: "Portions of your telegram are of such a na- 
ture as justify and, in fact, require that I should demand a court of inquiry, 
where all the facts and circumstances may be developed, and your charge of 
'marked timidity' be proven or disproven. When that shall have been done, and 
the responsibility of the late disasters fixed upon the proper parties, I shall do 
myself the justice of tendering to the President . . . my resignation of a com- 
mission which cannot be advantageously held by me in subordination to officers 
who entertain and express the opinions contained in your dispatch." (Ibid., p. 

405). 

Also on April 18 Hurlbut wrote Stanton requesting a court of inquiry and 
enclosing Sherman's telegram. On April 30 Halleck communicated the request 
to Grant, and on May 2 Grant declined to order a court of inquiry (ibid., pp. 
405-406) . 2 George H. Thomas, in command at Nashville, Tennessee. 

Order Concerning Alonzo Sheffield 1 

May 2, 1864 

Upon a good man being furnished by Alonzo Sheffield, within 
named, and mustered into the service for the term of three years, 
said Sheffield is fully pardoned for any supposed desertion. 
May 2, 1864 A. LINCOLN 

1 AES, DLC-RTL. Lincoln's endorsement is written on an affidavit of Mary- 
Sheffield, Brooklyn, New York, April 28, 1864, that her husband Alonzo 
Sheffield had enlisted in the Fifty -first New York Volunteers on August 21, 1861, 
while intoxicated, that he had left the regiment after two months to return to 
his business and had never concealed himself until arrested as a deserter on 
April i, 1864, and that he was the sole support of his family. On May 16, 
Colonel Daniel T. Van Buren, assistant adjutant general, Department of the 
East, enclosed papers in the case to General John A. Dix, who forwarded them 
to Lincoln with the following endorsement: "Respectfully forwarded with the 
request that the attention of the President . . . may be called to the case for 
the purpose of suggesting that his interposition, on the ex parte representations 
of interested persons, in cases of military crime, is almost always hazardous. In 
this case the soldier, whom he ordered discharged, while laboring under the 
charge of desertion, deserted a second time; but the substitute having been pro- 
vided, it was not deemed proper to suspend the President's order & ask a recon- 
sideration. But it is respectfully suggested that in all future cases, reference may 
be made to the Going. Genl. of the Dept. for a report before any final action is 
taken." (DLC-RTL). 

To Cabinet Members 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Sir: Washington, May 3, 1864. 

It is now quite certain that a large number of our colored 
soldiers, with their white officers, were, by the rebel force, massa- 
cred after they had surrendered, at the recent capture of Fort-Pil- 
low. So much is known, though the evidence is not yet quite ready 
to be laid before me. Meanwhile I will thank you to prepare, and 
give me in writing your 2 opinion as to what course, the govern- 
ment should take in the case. Yours truly A. 

[328] 



MAY 3, 1864 

l ADfS, DLC-RTL. The envelope containing the letter is endorsed by Lincoln 
"Letter to each Member of Cabinet, May 3, 1864." Individual letters sent to 
the cabinet members are extant as follows: to Blair (DLC-Blair Papers), to 
Seward (DNA FS RG 59, Miscellaneous Letters), to Welles (owned by George 
A. Ball, Muncie, Indiana). The lengthy and divergent replies from the cabinet 
members are in the Lincoln Papers, but limitations of space forbid adequate 
quotation and summary. A satisfactory summary may be found in Nicolay and 
Hay, Abraham Lincoln: A History, VI, 478 ff. All members agreed that the 
Confederate government should be called on to avow or disavow the massacre. 
Seward, Chase, Stanton, and Welles agreed in advising that Confederate prison- 
ers equal in numbers to the Union troops massacred should be set apart as hos- 
tages, to be executed if the Confederate government avowed the massacre. 
Usher, Bates, and Blair advised no retaliation against innocent hostages, but ad- 
vised that orders be issued to commanders to execute the actual offenders 
(Forrest and any of his command) if captured. Recommendations of the cabinet 
were not carried out, but see further Lincoln's instructions to Stanton, May 
17, infra. For the report of the special committee (Senator Benjamin F. Wade 
and Representative Daniel W. Gooch) appointed to investigate the massacre, 
see House Committee Reports No. 65, Thirty-eighth Congress, First Session. 

Although attempts have been made to absolve General Forrest and although 
Forrest's own explanation undertook to place the blame on the Union com- 
mander, Major Lionel F. Booth, for declining to surrender the fort before it was 
stormed, the truth contained in Forrest's own reports to Assistant Adjutant 
General Thomas J. Jack and to General Leonidas Polk on April 15, 1864, is 
self-evident. Testimony of survivors was that after they had thrown down their 
arms the Confederates shot most of those who did not jump into the river. 
Forrest's report to Jack is as follows: 

"... Arrived there [Fort Pillow] on the morning of the 12th and attacked 
the place with . . . about 1,500 men, and after a sharp contest captured the 
garrison and all of its stores. A demand was made for the surrender, which was 
refused. The victory was complete, and the loss of the enemy will never be 
known from the fact that large numbers ran into the river and were shot and 
drowned. The force was composed of about 500 negroes and 200 white soldiers 
(Tennessee Tories). The river was dyed with the blood of the slaughtered for 
200 yards. There was in the fort a large number of citizens who had fled there 
to escape the conscript law. Most of these ran into the river and were drowned. 

"The approximate loss was upward of 500 killed, but few of the officers es- 
caping. 

"It is hoped that these facts will demonstrate to the Northern people that 
negro soldiers cannot cope with Southerners. We still hold the fort. 

"My loss was about 20 killed and about 60 wounded. . . ." (OR, I, XXXII, I, 
610-11). 

2 The autograph draft was revised to the present text by an unidentified hand. 
As Lincoln wrote it, the remainder of this sentence read: "what course, in your 
judgment the government should take in the case." 



Order Concerning William W. White 1 

May 3, 1864 

The within order of dismissal is revoked, if no successor to Cap- 
tain White has been appointed; and if such successor has been ap- 
pointed, then the order is modified to be an honorable discharge. 
May 3. 1864 A. LINCOLN 

[329] 



MAY 3, 1864 

1 Copy, DLC-RTL. The copy of Lincoln's endorsement is on a copy of a let- 
ter of James B. Fry to White, January 11, 1864, "By direction of the President, 
you are hereby dismissed from the service of the United States." Provost 
Marshal William W. White of the Eighteenth Pennsylvania District had been 
convicted on charges of forgery and presenting a fraudulent claim against the 
government. White was discharged as of May 4, 1864, but on May 23 Stanton 
wrote Lincoln, "Your order in relation to Capt W White a copy of which is 
enclosed, did not direct him to be discharged from the Old Capitol Prison, and 
until the receipt of your peremptory order of this date I was not aware that he 
was in the Old Capitol. The order for his discharge was made on receipt of 
your note." (DLC-RTL) . Lincoln's note of May 23 has not been located. 

To William H. Seward 1 

Hon. Secretary of State Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir Washington, May 3., 1864. 

Please invite all members of the Cabinet to be [present at the 
meeting today. Yours truly. A. LINCOLN] 

1 ALS, NAuE; copy, DLC-RTL. The bracketed portion has been cut off the 
original manuscript. 

To William T. Sherman 1 

Office U.S. Military Telegraph, 

Major General Sherman War Department, 

Chattanooga, Tenn. Washington, D.C., May 4. 1864. 

I have an imploring appeal in behalf of the citizens -who say 
your order No. 8 will compel them to go North of Nashville. This 
is in no sense, an order; nor is it even a request that you will do 
any thing which in the least, shall be a drawback upon your mili- 
tary operations, but any thing you can do consistently with those 
operations, for those suffering people, I shall be glad of 

A. LIISTGOLIN- 

l ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 45. Sherman's General 
Orders No. 8, April 19, 1864, read in part: "Provisions will no longer he issued 
to citizens at military posts south of Nashville. When citizens cannot procure 
provisions in the country there is no alternative but they must remove to the 
rear. ... It is idle for us to be pushing forward subsistence stores if they 
are lavished and expended on any persons except they belong to the army 
proper." 

On May 5, 1864, Sherman replied to Lincoln's telegram: "We have worked 
hard with the best talent of the country & it is demonstrated that the railroad 
cannot supply the army & the people too. one or the other must quit & the 
army don't intend to unless Joe Johnston makes us. The issues to citizens have 
been enormous & the same weight of corn or oats would have saved thousands 
of the mules whose carcasses now corduroy the roads and which we need so 
much. We have paid back to East Tenn. ten for one of provisions taken in war. 
I will not change my order and I beg of you to be satisfied that the clamor is 

[330] 



MAY 5, 1864 

partly a humbug & for effect, & to test it I advise you to tell the bearers of the 
appeal to hurry to Kentucky & make up a caravan of cattle & wagons & to come 
over by Cumberland Gap and Somerset to relieve their suffering friends on foot 
as they used to do before a railroad was built Tell them they have no time to 
lose. We can relieve all actual suffering by each company or regiment giving 
of their savings. Every man who is willing to fight and work gets all rations & 
all who won't fight or work should go away and we offer them free transpor- 
tation" (DLC-RTL). 

To Mrs. Abner Bartlett 1 

Mrs. Abner Bartlett Executive Mansion, 

My dear Madam. Washington, May 5, 1864. 

I have received the very excellent pair of socks of your own 
knitting, which you did me the honor to send. I accept them as a 
very comfortable article to wear; but more gratefully as an evi- 
dence, of the patriotic devotion -which, at your advanced age, you 
bear to our great and just cause. 

May God give you yet many happy days. Yours truly 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, owned by LeBaron R. Barker, Plymouth, Massachusetts. Mrs. Abner 
Bartlett of Medford, Massachusetts, born in 1777, had knitted a great many 
socks for soldiers. No letter from Mrs. Bartlett has been located. 

To Salmon E Chase and Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Washington, 5th May, 1864. 

The Secretaries of the Treasury and of War, are hereby author- 
ized and required, so far to relax the order pro [hi] biting the ex- 
portation of horses from the United States, as to allow the exporta- 
tion of such horses, as have been bought for the personal use of 
the Emperor of the French and the Captain General of Cuba. 

ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

i DS, DNA FS RG 59, Miscellaneous Letters. See Lincoln's order of Septem- 
ber 4, 1863, supra. 

To John A. J. Creswell 1 

Hon. Jno. A. J. Creswell Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir. Washington, May 5, 1864. 

I shall be pleased to receive the gentlemen named at 2. P.M. to- 
day. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

i ALS, CCamStJ. No clue has been found as to the identity of "the gentlemen 
named." 

[331] 



To Joseph Holt 1 

Executive Mansion May 5. 1864 

Let the disability now resting upon Surgeon McLetchie be removed 
so that he be rendered eligible for reappointment. A. LINCOLN. 

!ES, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, LL 1621. Lincoln's en- 
dorsement is on the court-martial record of Assistant Surgeon Andrew Mc- 
Letchie, Seventy-ninth New York Militia, dismissed for drunkenness. AGO 
Special Orders No. 200, June 7, 1864, removed the disability and rendered Mc- 
Letchie eligible, provided the Governor of New York desired to reappoint him. 

Remarks at Marine Band Concert 1 

May 7, 1864 

Ladies and gentlemen, you, no doubt, desire to have a speech 
from me. In lieu of a speech, I propose that we give three cheers 
for Major General Grant and all the armies under his command. 

1 Washington Daily Times, May 9, 1864. 

To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States. May 7, 1864 

In compliance with the request contained in a resolution of the 
Senate, dated April 30. 1864, I herewith transmit to your honor- 
able body a copy of the opinion by the Attorney General on the 
rights of colored persons in the army or volunteer service of the 
United States, together with the accompanying papers. 

May 7, 1864. ABRAHAM LIIS-COLN 

l DS, DNA RG 46, Senate 38A F5. See Lincoln to Bates, April 4, supra. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

I have given nothing to any reporter A. LINCOLN 
May 7. 1864 

1 AES, DLC-Stanton Papers. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a commu- 
nication signed "Berry," addressed to Thomas T. Eckert, asking if a statement 
on a military engagement, claimed to have been given by the president to a 
reporter, could be forwarded. 

To Hiram Barney 1 

Hon. Hiram Barney. May 9, 1864 

My dear Sir The bearer, Lt. Millard, wishes to apply to you for 
some place in the Custom-House; and while I do not personally 

[332] 



MAT 9, 1864 

know much of him, the within, & other vouchers leave no doubt in 
my mind that he is entirely worthy, & I shall be really pleased if 
you can find a place for him. A. LINCOLN 

May 9. 1864 

1 AES, RPAB-Hawkins Collection. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a 
letter from Representative James A. Garfield, May 5, 1864, introducing "H. 
Millard late Lieut in the Regular Army," who had been wounded at Chicka- 
mauga. Harrison Millard is listed as chief amendment clerk in the New York 
Custom House, U.S. Official Register, 1865. 

To the Friends of Union and Liberty 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
To the friends of Union & Liberty. May 9, 1864. 

Enough is known of Army operations within the last five days 
to claim, our especial gratitude to God; while what remains undone 
demands our most sincere prayers to, and reliance upon, Him, 
without whom, all human effort is vain. I recommend that all pa- 
triots, at their homes, in their places of public worship, and 
wherever they may be, unite in common thanksgiving and prayer 
to Almighty God. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

i ADfS, DLC-RTL; copy, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 47. 
This press release appeared in the newspapers on May 10, 1864. 

To Mrs. Sarah B. Meconkey 1 

Mrs. Sarah B. Meconkey. Executive Mansion, 

Madam: Washington, May 9. 1864. 

Our mutual friend, Judge Lewis tells me you do me the honor 
to inquire for my personal welfare. I have been very anxious for 
some days in regard to our armies in the field, but am considerably 
cheered, just now, by favorable news from them. I am sure you 
will join me in the hope for their further success; while yourself, 
and other good, mothers, wives, sisters, and daughters, do all you 
and they can, to relieve and comfort the gallant soldiers who com- 
pose them. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

i ALS, NNC. Commissioner of Internal Revenue Joseph J. Lewis wrote Lin- 
coln on May 7, 1864: "Mrs Sarah B. Meconkey a most estimable and loyal lady 
of [West Chester] Pennsylvania piously concerned for the health and personal 
welfare of the President inquires how he sustains the burden of his multiplied 
cares at this trying period. I have thought it best to refer the inquiry to the 
President himself for an answer with the assurance that nothing can afford 
her higher gratification than a cheerful line under your hand, with the addition, 
if it may be, that you feel that you have just grounds for confidence in a near 
deliverance of our bleeding country from its present perils and troubles." (DLC- 
RTL). 

[333] 



Response to Serenade 1 

May 9, 1864 

FELLOW-CITIZENS: I am very much obliged to you for the com- 
pliment of this call, though I apprehend it is owing more to the 
good news received to-day from the army than to a desire to see 
me. I am, indeed, very grateful to the brave men who have been 
struggling with the enemy in the field, to their noble commanders 
who have directed them, and especially to our Maker. Our com- 
manders are following up their victories resolutely and success- 
fully. I think, without knowing the particulars of the plans of Gen. 
Grant, that what has been accomplished is of more importance 
than at first appears. I believe I know, (and am especially grateful 
to know) that Gen. Grant has not been jostled in his purposes; that 
he has made all his points, and to-day he is on his line as he pur- 
posed before he moved his armies. I will volunteer to say that I am 
very glad at what has happened; but there is a great deal still to 
be done. While we are grateful to all the brave men and officers for 
the events of the past few days, we should, above all, be very grate- 
ful to Almighty God, who gives us victory. 

There is enough yet before us requiring all loyal men and pa- 
triots to perform their share of the labor and follow the example 
of the modest General at the head of our armies, and sink all per- 
sonal considerations for the sake of the country. I commend you 
to keep yourselves in the same tranquil mood that is characteristic 
of that brave and loyal man. I have said more than I expected 
when I came before you; repeating my thanks for this call, I bid 
you good-bye. [Cheers.] 

1 Washington National Republican, May 10, 1864. This response is misdated 
May 13 in Hertz, II, 929. News that Grant had won a victory in the Battle 
of the Wilderness and had moved on Spottsylvania Court House brought pre- 
mature rejoicing in Washington. On the night of May 9, the band of the 
Twenty-seventh Michigan Volunteers followed by a large crowd marched to 
the White House lawn and serenaded until Lincoln appeared on the portico to 
make his response. 

To William H. Seward 1 

May 9, 1864 

I believe Mr. Snow is a good man; but two things need to be re- 
membered, is. Mr. Roger's rival was a relative of Mr. Snow. 2nd. 
I hear of nobody calling Mr. Rogers a Copperhead but Mr Snow. 
However, let us watch. A. L. 

May 9, 1864. 

1 ALS, NAuE. This note (misdated "1863" in Lapsley, VI, 292) is written on 
both sides of a small card, apparently in relation to Arkansas politics. A letter 

[334] 



MAY 10, 864 

from J. Snow dated at Little Rock, May 10, addressed to "Dear Governor" 
(Seward), sheds light on the circumstances referred to: 

"Banks going down Red River leaves this state in a bad fix. If [John B.] 
Magruder concentrates this way, we shall 'go up 9 if re-inforcements do not 
come at once. No mistake. 

"Judge [Elisha] Baxter elected Senator in [Charles B.] Mitchells place. 
Balloted three days for [William K.] Sebastian's place. My son Wm D Snow 
was ahead in 23 ballotings but [William M.] Fishback succeeded 

"I am one of the Delegates to Baltimore, &c. 

"[Horace B.] Allis, Speaker of House was expelled today for factiousness and 
attempts to disorganize. He is [Anthony A. C.] Roger's leader here. Rogers is 
one of our Reps, to Congress. He has seven belonging to his side in the House. 
Allis, -was elected to Baltimore Convention, before the copper became so con- 
spicuous. After his election shewed his hand more boldly. He has left here for 
an office at Washington He kept out of the House with all his party (7) to kill 
election of Senator, so there should be no quorum." (DLC-RTL). 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

May 9, 1864 

Secy of War please see Chaplain Bristow. 
1 Copy, I SLA. Chaplain Bristow has not been identified. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War Executive Mansion, 

Dear Sir. Washington, May 10, 1864. 

Let Private Thomas Lowery of Co. G. nth New- Jersey Vols, 
now in hospital at Philadelphia, be discharged. Yours truly 

A. LINCOLN. 

1 Hertz, II, 929. The roster of the Eleventh New Jersey Volunteers gives the 
name as "Lowrey." Lincoln's order was conveyed in AGO Special Orders No. 
174, May 11, 1864. 

To Lewis Wallace 1 

Office U.S. Military Telegraph, 

Major Gen. Wallace War Department, 

Baltimore. Washington, D.C., May 10 1864. 

Please tell me what is the trouble with Dr. Hawks. Also, please 
ask Bishop Whittington to give me his view of the case. 

A. LINCOLN 

1ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 48. The case of Dr. 
Francis L. Hawks, rector of Christ Church in Baltimore, was reported by Gen- 
eral Wallace's letter of May 11, 1864: 

"Your telegram touching 'the trouble with Dr. Hawks,' and requesting me to 
ask Bishop Whittingham to give you his view . . . reached me so late . . . that 
I could do nothing . . . until this morning. 

"Knowing that Bp. W. knew nothing of the affair, I carried yr. request to him 

[335] 



MAY 11, 1864 

in person. After a full expose, he wrote you a letter in reply, which I have the 
honor to forward. . . . 

"Dr. H. came to Baltimore . . . from New York, imported by the disloyalists. 
. . . Today his congregation . . . are sympathisers of the highest social caste. 
Publicly the Revd gentleman never says anything exceptionable; hence, his 
loyal people defend him, and even carry their entreaties to yr. Excellency. They 
honestly believe him all right, while I feel a positive assurance that he is all 
wrong. . . . 

"I waited patiently till I became satisfied and assured of his dangerous char- 
acter, abilities, and operations, then directed my Provt. Marshal to notify him 
that he must either take the oath of allegiance ... or leave the city within 
twenty four hours. Would a Union Man hesitate about the alternative to 
take? .... 

"The Provt. Marshal found him absent in New York. He is not yet returned; 
probably on account of notice of the order. . . . 

"I beg you to support my action. . . . 

"I laid my order at his door, because, being leader among the disaffected 
Ministers, I hoped his example would, for the present, at least, admonish the 
rest." (DLC-RTL). 

Protestant Episcopal Bishop William R. Whittingham's letter, enclosed by 
Wallace, reads in part as follows: "There are very strong reasons, personal and 
official, why I should desire to remain totally unconnected with the case. Never- 
theless, I could not, in duty, decline to hear Gen. Wallace's statement of the 
grounds upon which he acted, nor can I refuse to the President the expression 
of my conviction, upon hearing that statement, that he had sufficient 
reasons. . . ." 

See Lincoln's letter to Wallace, May 13, infra. 



To Edward Bates 1 

Attorney General please make out pardons for these two boys. 
May 11. 1864 A. LINCOLN 

1 AES, DNA RG 204, U.S. Pardon Attorney, A 535. Lincoln's endorsement 
is written on an envelope containing a request for pardon of Isaac Baker and 
Robert Ford, imprisoned at Denver, Colorado, on conviction for assault with 
intent to kill. 



To Christian IX 1 

May 11, 1864 
Abraham Lincoln 

President of the United States of America 
To His Majesty Christian IX. 

King of Denmark 

Great & Good Friend. I have received the letter which Your 
Majesty was pleased to address to me on the /th of last month, an- 
nouncing the decease on the 28th of the preceding month, of Her 
Royal Highness Madam the Landgrave Louise Charlotte of Hesse 
consort of His Highness the Landgrave William. 

[336] 



MAY 12, 1864 

I deeply sympathise in the grief which has been occasioned by 
this sad event and I offer to Your Majesty my sincere condolence. 

May God have your Majesty always in his safe and holy 
keeping Your Good Friend ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

Washington, nth. May. 1864. 
By the President 

WILLIAM H. SEWARD Secretary of State 

1 Copy, DNA FS RG 59, Communications to Foreign Sovereigns and States, 
HI, 233. 

To William S. Rosecrans 1 

Major General Rosecrans Executive Mansion, 

St. Louis, Mo. Washington, May 11. 1864. 

Complaints are coming to me of disturbances in Carroll, Platte 
& Buchanan counties. Please ascertain the truth, correct what is 
found wrong, and telegraph me. A. LINCOLN 

i ALS, DNA WR RG 07, Presidential Telegrams, I, 49. General Alfred 
Pleasonton replied on May 12, 1864: "Maj Genl Rosecrans is absent. . . . Your 
dispatch Reed in reference to Disturbances. . . . Brig Genl Clinton B Fisk 
Commanding that District telegraphs as follows St Joseph Mo May 1 2 64 
The President of the U S may be assured that there is less disturbance in Carroll 
Putnam & Buchanan counties in this state than at any previous time during 
the Rebellion the Citizens of this this [sic] district are very generally en- 
gaging earnestly in their legitimate pursuits I wish the President would give 
us the source of information He has Received" (DLC-RTL). 

To John Birely 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
My Dear Sir May 12, 1864. 

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your favor of the 
i ith May and the accompanying cane. 

I beg that you will accept the assurance of my cordial gratitude 
for your kindness. 

I am very truly Your Obedient Servant A. LINCOLN 

John Birely Esq 
(Birely & Son) 
Philadelphia 

iLS, owned by Charles W. Olsen, Chicago, Illinois. On May 11, 1864, John 
Birely, shipbuilder of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, wrote Lincoln: "I send you 
to-day, by Adams Express, a walking cane, the wood of which was taken from 
the wreck of the United States ship Alliance, (now lying in the River Dela- 
ware.) the first American built man of war, that hoisted the glorious stars and 
stripes in the War of Independence. ... It is a relic of the olden times and you 
would do me an honor by accepting it. It comes from an old soldier and 
officer in the War of 1812. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 

[337] 



To F. B. Loomis 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, May 12, 1864. 

My Dear Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of 
your communication of the 28th April, in which you offer to re- 
place the present garrison of Fort Trumbull with volunteers, which 
you propose to raise at your own expense. While it seems inex- 
pedient at this time to accept this proposition, on account of the 
special duties now devolving upon the garrison mentioned, I cannot 
pass unnoticed such a meritorious instance of individual patriotism. 
Permit me, for the Government, to express my cordial thanks to 
you for this generous and public-spirited offer, which is worthy 
of note among the many called forth in these times of national 
trial. 

I am very truly your obedient servant. A. LINCOLN. 

F. B. Loomis, Esq. 

1 New York Times, May 29, 1864. The letter from F. B. Loomis, New London, 
Connecticut, is in the Nicolay Papers (DLC). 

To Samuel C. Pomeroy 1 

Hon. Senator Pomeroy Executive Mansion 

Sir Washington May 12. 1864 

I did not doubt yesterday that you desired to see me about the 
appointment of Assessor in Kansas. I wish you and Lane would 
make a sincere effort to get out of the mood you are in. I[t] does 
neither of you any good it gives you the means of tormenting my 
life out of me, and nothing else. Yours &c A. LINCOLN* 

l ADfS, DLC-RTL. Secretary Chase wrote Lincoln on May 11, 1864: 

"The office of Assessor for the District of Kansas has become vacant by the 
resignation of J. M. Leggett. Gov. Carney and Senator Pomeroy recommend 
the appointment of Mr. Ellsworth Cheeseborough, while Senator Lane and 
Mr. Wilder of the House recommend the appointment of Thomas Stineburgh. 

"I know nothing of the gentlemen recommended . . . and therefore submit 
the appointment to you without recommendation." (DLC-RTL). 

The U.S. Official Register, 1865, lists Thomas J. Sternbergh of Lawrence, 
Kansas, as assessor. 

To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States. May 12, 1864 

In answer to the Resolution of the Senate of the gth. instant, re- 
questing a copy of correspondence relative to a controversy be- 
tween the Republic of Chile and Bolivia, I transmit a Report from 
the Secretary of State, to whom the Resolution was referred. 
Washington, 12 May, 1864. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

[338] 



MAY 13, 1864 

i DS, DNA RG 46, Senate 38 Fa. Seward's report of May 12, 1864, trans- 
mitted his correspondence with U.S. Minister to Chile, Thomas H. Nelson, rela- 
tive to Bolivia's declaration of war upon Chile for having appropriated some 
three degrees latitude of territory comprising the desert of Atacama, and to 
the suggestion of the United States that Spain should be requested to arbitrate 
the dispute. 

Endorsement Concerning a Church 
at Memphis, Tennessee 1 

May 13, 1864 

I believe it is true that with reference to the church within 
named I wrote as follows: 

"If 2 the Military have Military need of the church building, let 
them keep it; otherwise let them get out of it, and leave it and it's 
owners alone, except for causes that justify the arrest of any one." 

March 4. 1864. A. LINCOLN" 

I am now told that the Military were not in possession of the 
building; and yet that in pretended execution of the above they, 
the Military put one set of men out of and another set into the 
building. This, if true, is most extraordinary. I say again, if there 
be no military need for the building, leave it alone, neither putting 
any one in or out, of it, except on finding some one preaching or 
practicing treason, in which case lay hands upon him just as if he 
were doing the same thing in any other building, or in the streets 
or highways. A. LINCOLN 

May 13. 1864 

1 ADfS, DLC-RTL. The envelope containing this draft is endorsed by Lincoln 
"Church at Memphis." See the memorandum of March 4, supra. Apparently 
the endorsement of May 13, of which Lincoln retained his first draft, was 
written on a statement or petition of the loyal church members who had been 
turned out by the secessionist trustees (see note to Lincoln's communication to 
Cadwallader C. Washburn, July 5, infra). A portion of the endorsement has 
been preserved as noted below, but the remainder, as well as the document on 
which it was written, has not been located. 

2 An autograph fragment comprising the quoted portion of the endorsement, 
which appears to have been cut out of Lincoln's original endorsement written 
on the petition from the loyal church members, is in the Illinois State Historical 
Library. 

To Lewis Wallace 1 

Office U.S. Military Telegraph, 

Major General Wallace War Department, 

Baltimore, Md. Washington, B.C., May 13. 1864. 

I was very anxious to avoid new excitements at places where 
quiet seemed to be restored; but after reading, and considering, 

[339] 



MAY 14, 864 

your letter and inclosure, I have to say I leave you to act your 
careful discretion in the matter. The good news this morning I hope 
will have a good effect all round. 2 A. LINCOLN 

1ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 50. See Lincoln to 
Wallace, May 10, supra. 

2 Newspapers of May 13 devoted full pages to exceedingly favorable reports 
on the Battle of the Wilderness, May 5-7. 

To Thomas Carney 1 

May 14, 1864 

The within letter is, to my mind, so obviously intended as a page 
for a political record, as to be difficult to answer in a straight-for- 
ward business-like way. The merits of the Kansas people need not 
to be argued to me. They are just as good as any other loyal and 
patriotic people; and, as such, to the best of my ability, I have al- 
ways treated them, and intend to treat them. It is not my recol- 
lection that I said to you Senator Lane would probably oppose 
raising troops in Kansas, because it would confer patronage upon 
you. What I did say was that he would probably oppose it because 
he and you were in a mood of each opposing whatever the other 
should propose. I did argue generally too, that, in my opinion, 
there is not a more foolish or demoralizing way of conducting a 
political rivalry, than these fierce and bitter struggles for patron- 
age. 

As to your demand that I will accept or reject your proposition 
to furnish troops, made to me yesterday, I have to say I took the 
proposition under advisement, in good faith, as I believe you know; 
that you can withdraw it if you wish, but that while it remains 
before me, I shall neither accept or reject it, until, with reference 
to the public interest, I shall feel that I am ready. Yours truly 

May 14, 1864 A. 



1 ALS, IHi. This communication was returned to Governor Carney along 
with Carney's letter of May 13, 1864, which reads: 

"Kansas has furnished more men according to her population, to crush this 
rebellion, than any other State in this Union. Her sons, to day; are scattered 
over the country, defending the Old Flag, while many of her peaceable citizens 
at home, are being murdered by lawless Guerrillas. Such is the intelligence I 
received today. 

"The Major General Commanding that Department, informed me, he needed 
more troops to secure protection to the State. I have tendered you two thousand 
troops, for One hundred days, such as you have accepted from other States, to 
be used as you might direct through the Commander of that Department, with- 
out other cost to the Government than the pay of Volunteers without bounty. 

"You refered the matter to the Secretary of War, for his consideration. I 
found that officer overburdened with business of such magnatude to the country, 
that he could not be seen, either upon my request or yours. 

[340] 



MAY 14, 1864 

"I have to ask that you will either accept or reject the proposition, I made in 
my communication of the i2th. instant. 

"I hope, however, you will not allow the lives & homes of the Citizens of 
Kansas, to be jeopardised by the objections you suggested in our conversation, 
'that Senator Lane would probably oppose the raising of the troops, or if raised, 
would oppose an appropriation for their pay, in consequence of the patronage 
thus confered upon the Governor of the State.' 

"You will do me the favor to reply at your earliest convenience" (IHi) . 

On May 16, Carney replied: 

"Your note of 14th instant is received. I regret you do not consider the 
threatening attitude of affairs in Kansas of sufficient public interest to accept 
at once the offer I made you of two thousand troops. . . . 

"I did not intend to advise as to public interest outside of Kansas. . . . 

"Kansas has been, and still is, in deep distress, and needs the fostering care of 
the Government, therefore, I made to you the proposition I did in my communi- 
cation of the lath. . . . This care ... I feel the citizens of my state have a 
right to claim. . . . Their sufferings and sacrifices have been great . . . because 
her sons have gone forth to fight the battles of their common country, and 
left their homes in the care of the Government. Yet their homes have been 
visited by the assassin, and are again threatened by these murderous outlaws. 

"It was to prevent a return of those disasters that I urged the acceptance of 
the troops offered; and in that spirit, and for that purpose, I again respectfully, 
but earnestly renew it." (DLC-RTL). 

To Joseph Roberts 1 

Officer in Military Command at Executive Mansion 

Fort-Monroe, Va. Washington, May 14. 1864 

If Thomas Dorerty, or Welsh, is to be executed to-day, and it is 
not already done, suspend it till further order A LINCOLN 

1 ALS, DNA WR KG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 51. General Benjamin 
F. Butler was in the field, leaving Colonel Joseph Roberts, Third Pennsylvania 
Heavy Artillery, in command. No reply has been found, and no Thomas 
Dorerty (Donerty?) or Welsh has been identified. 

To the Senate 1 

To the Senate Executive Mansion, 

of the United States. Washington, May 14. 1864 

I transmit, herewith, a report of the Secretary of the Interior, 
of the 14th instant, and accompanying papers, in answer to a reso- 
lution of the Senate of the 4th ultimo, in the following words, 
viz: 

"Resolved, That the President of the United States be requested 
to communicate to the Senate the reasons, if any exist, why the 
refugee Indians in the State of Kansas, are not returned to their 
homes." ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

1 DS, DNA RG 46, Senate sSA F6. Secretary Usher transmitted a report of 
William E Dole, May 11, 1864, that the presence of Confederates and hostile 

[341] 



MAY 15, 864 

Indians in the territory made it inadvisable to return the loyal refugees with- 
out adequate protection and also because he had no funds to use for the purpose 
of removal, but that he interpreted the act approved on May 3, 1864, to aid 
and to return the refugees to their homes, as an order which he would carry 
out as soon as possible. 

Endorsement Concerning Allison C. Poorman 1 

May 15, 1864 
Indorsed 

The writer of the within is a family connection of mine, & a 
worthy man; and I shall be obliged if he be allowed what he re- 
quests, so far as the rules and exigencies of the public service "will 
permit. A LINCOLN 

May 15. 1864 

iAES (copy), DLC-BTL. The copy of Poorman's letter of May 9, 1864, in 
Lincoln's autograph and with the above endorsement, reads as follows: "As I 
am now out of business I write you for the purpose of making application for 
a permit to trade 'within the lines of the Western Army in all kinds of Mer- 
chandize, Liquors excepted. I would of course expect to be governed by the rules 
of Trade as established by the Treasure department. If you will grant me this 
request you will confer a favor that will not be soon forgotten." 

Allison C. Poorman married Amanda Hanks, daughter of Dennis Hanks. 

Endorsement Concerning William F. Shriver 1 

May 15, 1864 
Indorsed 

The writer of this is personally unknown to me, though married to 
a young relative o mine. I shall be obliged if he be allowed what 
he requests so far as the rules and exigencies of the public service 
will permit. A. LINCOLN 

May 15. 1864 

1AES (copy), DLC-RTL. The copy of Shriver's letter of May 9, 1864, in 
Lincoln's autograph and with the above endorsement, reads as follows: "This 
will be presented to you by Father Hanks -who will more fully lay before you 
my wants than I can here explain. I will simply say that if consistent with 
your feelings, and not in any way conflicting with Army regulations I would 
like a permit to trade within the lines of the Armies of the Cumberland, Mis- 
sissippi and Arkansas in Cotton & Hides for shipment North. For reference I 
can only offer Father Hanks." 

William F. Shriver (Schriver) married Mary L. Hanks, daughter of Dennis 
Hanks. 

To Orville H. Browning 1 

Will Mr. Browning please look at the card just sent Mr. Ewing? 
May 16, 1864 A. LINCOLN 

[342] 



MAY l6 9 864 

1 American Art Association Anderson Galleries Catalog 3823, February 25- 
26, 1930, No. 241. See Lincoln to Ewing, infra. Browning and Thomas Ewing 
acted as defense for Rear Admiral Charles Wilkes in his court-martial for in- 
subordination (unauthorized publication of letters to Gideon Welles). Wilkes 
was sentenced on April 27, 1864, to three years' suspension and reprimand. 
Browning's Diary under date of April 30, and May 5, 1864, records interviews 
with the president, in company with Ewing, and Welles' Diary under date of 
December 20, 1864, records Ewing's continued efforts in the case. 



To L. J. Cist 1 

L. J. Cist, Executive Mansion, 

Chairman &c. Washington, May 16. 1864. 

Dear Sir A letter of yours to Hon. Mr. Blow, requesting an 
autograph note of mine for the benefit of the Mississippi Valley 
Sanitary Fair, has been laid before me. I am glad to give it, in the 
hope that it may contribute, in some small degree at least, to the 
relief and comfort of our brave soldiers. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, owned by Robert A. Ramsdell, Wilmington, Delaware. L. J. Cist's 
letter to Representative Henry T. Blow, May 9, 1864, was forwarded in a letter 
of Representative Joseph W. McClurg, May 14, 1864: 

"From the accompanying letter ... to the lion. H. T. Blow, you will please 
see the anxiety to have your Photograph and Autograph at the Mississippi 
Valley Sanitary Fair. I hope you will see proper to gratify those who so much 
desire them with what they ask and an accompanying letter of encouragement. 

"A line from you, to the effect that the request will be granted, will be ap- 
preciated. . . . 

"Hon. H. T. Blow is very unwell." (DLC-RTL). 



To Thomas Ewing 1 

Respects to Mr. Ewing; but I am not ready to decide his cases, & 
I do not wish him to come in [and] scold about it. A. LINCOLN 
May 16. 1864 

1 ALS, DLC-Ewing Papers. This note is misdated May 6 in Hertz, II, 929. See 
Lincoln to Browning, supra, and to Welles, December 26, infra. 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

May 16, 1864 
GenL Curtis had better be asked to look to it. 

i Copy, DNA WR RG 107, Secretary of War, Letters Received, P 304, Regis- 
ter Notation. The register preserves a copy of Lincoln's endorsement transmit- 
ting a letter of Benjamin Holiday about soldiers on the road from Atchison, 
Kansas, pressing hay and corn. The letter with the endorsement is missing from 
the file. 

[343] 



Order for Draft of 300,000 Men 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Washington, B.C. May 17. 1864. 

To increase the active and reserved force of the Army, Navy, & 
Marine Corps of the United States, a call is hereby made, & a 
draft ordered for three hundred thousand men to serve for the 
period of - unless sooner discharged. 

The proportional quotas for the different wards, towns, town- 
ships, precincts, or election districts, or counties, will be made 
known through the Provost Marshal General's Bureau, & account 
will be taken of the credits & deficiencies on former quotas. 

The ist. day of July 1864 is designated as the time up to which 
the numbers required from each ward of a city, town, &c, may be 
raised by voluntary enlistment, & drafts will be made in each ward 
of city, town, &c, which shall not have filled the quota assigned 
to it within the time designated, for the number required to fill 
said quotas. The drafts will be commenced as soon after the ist. of 
July as practicable. ABRAHAM LIISTCOLN. 

1 DS, InFtwL. This order does not appear in the Official Records and seems 
not to have been issued, perhaps because of the effect on public opinion pro- 
duced by the bogus proclamation of May 17 (see Lincoln to Dix, May 18, 
infra}. The act of congress approved by Lincoln on July 4, 1864, provided 
similar terms for the call of 500,000 men. See the proclamation of July 18, infra. 

To Joseph Roberts 1 

Officer in command at Executive Mansion, 

Fort-Monroe, Va. Washington, May 17, 1864. 

If there is a man by the name of William H. H. Cummings, of 
Co. H. 24th. Mass. Volunteers, within your command, under sen- 
tence of death for desertion, suspend execution till further order. 

A 



1 ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 52. The roster of the 
Twenty-fourth Massachusetts Volunteers lists William H. Cummings as dis- 
charged for disability at Fort Monroe on May 26, 1864. Lincoln probably 
wrote the second "H" inadvertently. 



To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States: May 17, 1864 

I herewith lay before the Senate, for its constitutional action 
thereon, a treaty concluded on the 7th instant, in this city, between 
William P. Dole, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, and Clark W. 

[344] 



MAY I/, 1864 

Thompson, superintendent of Indian affairs, Northern Superin- 
tendency, on the part of the United States, and the chief Hole-in- 
the-day and Mis-qua-dace for and on behalf of the Chippewas of 
the Mississippi, and the Pillager and Lake Winnebagoshish bands 
of Chippewa Indians in Minnesota. 

A communication from the Secretary of the Interior of the i /th 
instant, with a statement and copies of reports of the Commissioner 
of Indian Affairs of the lath and i/th instants, accompany the 
treaty. ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 

Executive Mansion, 

Washington, May 17, 1864. 

1 Executive Journal, XIII, 548. The treaty was ratified, as amended by the 
Senate, on February 9, 1865. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, May 17, 1864. 

I rather think I have said before, and at all events I say now, I 
would like for Rev Dr. Robert L. Stanton, of the Theological Sem- 
inary at Danville, Ky, to be a Visitor to West-Point, if there be no 
great obstacle in the way. Yours truly A. 



1 ALS, NHi. No reply has been discovered. A letter from Brigadier General 
Richard Delafield to Nicolay, May 25, 1864, lists the "Board of Visitors to the 
Mily. Academy, so far as they have been appointed," but Robert L. Stanton 
is not on the list (DLC-RTL). 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Secretary of War: Executive Mansion 

Sir. Washington, D.C. May 17. 1864 

Please notify the insurgents, through the proper military chan- 
nels and forms, that the government of the United States has satis- 
factory proof of the massacre, by insurgent forces, at Fort-Pillow, 
on the 12th. and 3th. days of April last, of fully 
white and colored officers and soldiers of the United States, after 
the latter had ceased resistance, and asked quarter of the former. 

That with reference to said massacre, the government of the 
United States has assigned and set apart by name in- 

surgent officers, theretofore, and up to that time, held by said 
government as prisoners of war. 

That, as blood can not restore blood, and government should 
not act for revenge, any assurance, as nearly perfect as the case 

[345] 



MAY 18, 864 

admits, given on or before the first day of July next, that there 
shall be no similar massacre, nor any officer or soldier of the 
United States, whether white or colored, now held, or hereafter 
captured by the insurgents, shall be treated other than according 
to the laws of war, will insure the replacing of said in- 

surgent officers in the simple condition of prisoners of war. 

That the insurgents having refused to exchange, or to give any 
account or explanation in regard to colored soldiers of the United 
States captured by them, a number of insurgent prisoners equal to 
the number of such colored soldiers supposed to have been captured 
by said insurgents will, from time to time, be assigned and set 
aside, with reference to such captured colored soldiers, and will, if 
the insurgents assent, be exchanged for such colored soldiers; but 
that if no satisfactory attention shall be given to this notice, by said 
insurgents, on or before the first day of July next, it will be as- 
sumed by the government of the United States, that said captured 
colored troops shall have been murdered, or subjected to Slavery, 
and that said government will, upon said assumption, take such 
action as may then appear expedient and just. 

1 ADf, owned by Charles W. Olsen, Chicago, Illinois. See Lincoln's letter to 
cabinet members and note, May 3, supra. Presumably this communication to 
Stanton was never signed or delivered, and there is some mystery surrounding 
the fact that it should have been preserved until recently in the papers of 
Thomas T. Eckert of the War Department telegraph office. No record has been 
found of a communication from Stanton to the Confederate authorities carry- 
ing out Lincoln's instructions. According to Nicolay and Hay, action on the 
Fort Pillow massacre was "crowded out of view and consideration" by Grant's 
Wilderness campaign (Abraham Lincoln: A History 9 VI, 483). 



To Benjamin F. Butler 1 

"Cypher" Office U.S. Military Telegraph, 

Major General Butler. War Department, 

Bermuda Hundreds, Va Washington, D.C., May 18. 1864. 

Until receiving your despatch of yesterday, the idea of Com- 
missions in the Volunteers expiring at the end of three years had 
not occurred to me. I think no trouble will come of it; and, at all 
events, I shall take care of it so far as in me lies. As to the Major 
Generalships in the Regular Army I think I shall not dispose of 
another, at least until the combined operations now in progress 
under direction of Gen. Grant, and within which yourself and 
command are included, shall be terminated. Meanwhile, on be- 
half of yourself, officers, and men, please accept my hearty thanks 
for what you and they have so far done. A. LINCOLN 

[346] 



MAY 18, 1864 

i ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 53. On May 17 Butler 
telegraphed: "On the i6th of May 1861 I -was honored by your kindness with 
a commission as Major General United States Volunteers I have heard that 
such commission expires by limitation of three years. I by no means desire to 
quit the service till the war is done. Do you think I have time enough to en- 
title me to one of the vacant commissions in the army to date from May 6th 
61? Otherwise I should prefer my present one if you think me fit to hold 
either and I can hold on to it" (DLC-RTL) . 



To Salmon E Chase 1 

May 18, 1864 

I have issued no proclamation lately, I signed a very modest paper 
last night for the Sec. of War, about drafting 300.000 in July, as I 
remember, but the document now rampant at New York is a for- 
gery. A. LINCOLN. 
May 18. 1864 

1 Copy, DLC-Chase Papers. This copy of an endorsement is labeled "Copy of 
Writing on the back of a Telegram." The telegram bearing Lincoln's endorse- 
ment has not been discovered, but it was probably one of many similar com- 
munications received on May 18. See Lincoln to Dix, infra. 



To Salmon P. Chase 1 

Hon. Secretary of the Treasury: Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir: Washington, May 18, 1864. 

Evening before last two gentlemen called on me, and talked so 
earnestly about financial matters, as to set me thinking of them a 
little more particularly since. And yet only one idea has occurred, 
which I think worth while even to suggest to you. It is this: Sup- 
pose you change your five per cent loan to six, allowing the holders 
of the fives already out to convert them into sixes, upon taking each 
an equal additional amount at six. You will understand, better than 
I all the reasons pro and con, among which probably will be, the 
rise of the rate of interest in Europe. Yours truly A. LINCOLN. 

1 Copy, DLC-RTL. No reply has been discovered, and the "two gentlemen" 
have not been identified. 



To John A. Dix 1 

To Maj. Gen'l Dix, Executive Mansion, 

Commanding, at New York. Washington, May 18. 1864. 

Whereas, there has been wickedly and traitorously printed and 
published this morning, in the "New York World" and New York 

[347] 



MAY 18, 1864 

"Journal of Commerce" newspapers printed and published in the 
city of New York, a false and spurious proclamation, purporting 
to be signed by the President, and to be countersigned by the Sec- 
retary of State, which publication is of a treasonable nature, de- 
signed to give aid and comfort to the enemies of the United States, 
and to the rebels now at war against the Government, and their 
aiders and abettors: you are therefore hereby commanded forth- 
with to arrest and imprison in any fort or military prison in your 
command, the editors, proprietors and publishers of the aforesaid 
newspapers, and all such persons as, after public notice has been 
given of the falsehood of said publication, print and publish the 
same, with intent to give aid and comfort to the enemy; and you 
will hold the persons so arrested, in close custody, until they can 
be brought to trial before a military commission, for their offense. 
You will also take possession by military force, of the printing es- 
tablishments of the "New York World" and "Journal of Com- 
merce," and hold the same until further order, and prevent any 
further publication therefrom. A. LINCOLN 

1 LS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 54. Only the date and 
signature are in Lincoln's handwriting, the telegram having been drafted in 
the War Department at Stanton's direction. For an account of the hoax perpe- 
trated by Joseph Howard, Jr., the same reporter who had created the hoax story 
of Lincoln's arrival in Washington in 1861 disguised in "a Scotch cap and long 
military cloak," see Sandburg, Abraham Lincoln: The War Years, III, 53 ff. The 
spurious proclamation as printed in the New York World and Journal of Com- 
merce, May 18, 1864, reads: 

"Executive Mansion, 
"Fellow Citizens of the United States: May 17, 1864. 

"In all seasons of exigency, it becomes a nation carefully to scrutinize its 
line of conduct, humbly to approach the Throne of Grace, and meekly to im- 
plore forgiveness, wisdom, and guidance. 

"For reasons known only to Him, it has been decreed that this country should 
be the scene of unparalleled outrage, and this nation the monumental sufferer 
of the Nineteenth Century. With a heavy heart, but an undiminished confi- 
dence in our cause, I approach the performance of a duty rendered imperative 
by my sense of weakness before [the] almighty, and of justice to the people. 

"It is necessary that I should tell you that the first Virginia campaign under 
Lieut. Gen. Grant, in whom I have every confidence, and in whose courage and 
fidelity the people do well to honor, is virtually closed. He has conducted his 
great enterprise with discreet ability. He has crippled their strength and de- 
feated their plans. 

"In view, however, of the situation in Virginia, the disaster at Red River, the 
delay at Charleston, and the general state of the country, I, Abraham Lincoln, 
do hereby recommend that Thursday, the 26th day of May, A.D., 1864, be 
solemnly set apart throughout these United States as a day of fasting, humili- 
ation and prayer. 

"Deeming furthermore that the present condition of public affairs presents 
an extraordinary occasion, and in view of the pending expiration of the service 
of (100,000) one hundred thousand of our troops, I, Abraham Lincoln, President 
of the United States, by virtue of the power vested in me by the Constitution 

[348] 



MAY l8 5 1864 

and the laws, have thought fit to call forth, and hereby do call forth the citi- 
zens of the United States, between the ages of (18) eighteen and (45) forty- 
five years, to the aggregate number of (400,000) four hundred thousand, in 
order to suppress the existing rebellious combinations, and to cause the due 
execution of the laws. 

"And, furthermore, in case any State, or number of States, shall fail to fur- 
nish by the fifteenth day of June next, their assigned quota, it is hereby ordered 
that the same be raised by an immediate and peremptory draft. 

"The details for this object will be communicated to the State authorities 
through the War Department. 

"I appeal to all loyal citizens to favor, facilitate and aid this effort to main- 
tain the honor, the integrity and the existence of the National Union, and the 
perpetuity of popular government. 

"In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the seal 
of the United States to be affixed. Done at the City of Washington this 
17th day of May, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-four, and of 
the independence of the United States the eighty-eighth. 
"By the President, ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 

WM. H. SEWABD, Secretary of State." 

On May 19, Sidney H. Gay of the Tribune., Erastus Brooks of the Express, 
Frederick Hudson of the Herald, and M. F. Beach of the Sun, telegraphed Lin- 
coln: "The undersigned Editors and publishers of a portion of the daily press of 
the City of New York respectfully represent that the leading daily journals of 
this city sustain very extended telegraphic news arrangements under an or- 
ganization established in 1 848 & known as the N York associated Press which is 
controlled by the members acting through an executive committee a general 
Agent in this city & Assistant Agents immediately responsible to the associa- 
tion at every important news centre throughout this country & Europe Under 
the above named organization the rule has always been to transmit by tele- 
graph all intelligence to the Office of the General Agent in this city & by him 
the same is properly prepared for publication & then written out by manifold 
process on tissue Paper & a copy of the same is sent simultaneously in sealed 
envelopes to each of the Editors who are entitled to receive the same. From 
foregoing statement of facts your excellency will readily perceive that an in- 
genious rogue knowing the manner in which the editors were supplied with 
much of their telegraphic news could by selecting his time & opportunity easily 
impose upon Editors or compositors the most wicked & fraudulent reports. On 
Wednesday morning at about three oclock a messenger who well counterfeited 
the regular messenger of the Associated Press presented himself at all save one 
of the editorial rooms of the Papers connected -with the associated Press and 
delivered to the foreman in the absence of the night editors sealed envelopes 
containing manifold Paper similar in all respects to that used by the associa- 
tion upon which was written a fraudulent Proclamation purporting to be signed 
by your Excellency and countersigned by the honorable Secy of State. The 
very late hour at which the fraud was perpetrated left no time for considera- 
tion as to the authenticity or genuineness of this document & the copy in most 
of the offices was at once cut up into small pieces and given into the hands of 
the compositors & in two cases the fraud was not discovered or suspected even 
till after the whole morning edition of the Papers were printed off & distributed 
The undersigned beg to state to your excellency that the fraud which succeeded 
with the World and the Journal of Commerce was one which from the cir- 
cumstances attending it & the practices of the associated Press was extremely 
natural and very liable to have succeeded in any daily newspaper establishment 
in this city & inasmuch as in the judgement of the undersigned the editors and 
proprietors of the World were innocent of any knowledge of wrong in the pub- 
lication of the fraudulent document and also in view of the fact that the suspen- 

[349] 



MAY l8, 1864 

sion by your excellencys order of two Papers last evening has had the effect 
to awaken editors & publishers and news agent telegraph companies etc. to the 
propriety of increased vigilance in their several duties the undersigned re- 
spectfully request that your excellency will be pleased to rescind the order 
under which the World and the Journal of Commerce were suppressed. . . ." 
(DLC-RTL). 

The editors were released, and the World and Journal of Commerce resumed 
publication after two days, but Joseph Howard remained in prison at Fort 
Lafayette until August 23, 1864. See Lincoln to Stanton, August 22, infra. 



To Ulysses S. Grant 1 

Lieut. General Grant Executive Mansion, 

Army of Potomac Washington, May 18, 1864. 

An elderly gentleman Dr. Winston is here, saying he is well 
acquainted with the ground you are on, and trying to get on, and 
having letters from Gov. Morton, Senator Lane, and one from your 
Father, and asking to be allowed to go to you. Shall we allow him 
to go to you? A. LiisrcoLisr 

i ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 56. On May 19 Grant 
telegraphed in reply: "Dr Winston may be of great service to us, please send 
him along." (DLC-RTL). Dr. Winston has not been further identified. See 
Lincoln to Stanton, May 20, infra. 



To Thomas H. Hicks 1 

May 18, 1864 

If Governor Hicks will examine this case, and say in writing be- 
low this he thinks Mr. Sherberne should be pardoned, I will par- 
don him. A. LINCOLN 
May 18, 1864. 

1 AES, DLC-RTL. Lincoln's endorsement is written on an envelope contain- 
ing a printed copy of AGO General Orders No. 147, April 5, 1864, sentencing 
William L. Shurburne of Newport, Maryland, to five years* imprisonment for 
trading with the enemy. Hicks did not answer "below this" or elsewhere so 
far as has been discovered. 



Response to Methodists 1 

Gentlemen. May 18, 1864 

In response to your address, allow me to attest the accuracy of 
it's historical statements; indorse the sentiments it expresses; and 
thank you, in the nation's name, for the sure promise it gives. 
Nobly sustained as the government has been by all the churches, 

[350] 



MAY 1Q, 1864 

I would utter nothing which might, in the least, appear invidious 
against any. Yet, without this, it may fairly be said that the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church, not less devoted than the best, is, by it's 
greater numbers, the most important of all. It is no fault in others 
that the Methodist Church sends more soldiers to the field, more 
nurses to the hospital, and more prayers to Heaven than any. God 
bless the Methodist Church bless all the churches and blessed 
be God, Who, in this our great trial, giveth us the churches. 
May 18, 1864 A. LINCOLN 

i ADS, DLC; DS copy, owned by Mrs. Arthur Wendell, Railway, New Jer- 
sey. The copy signed by Lincoln was originally in the papers of Joseph A. 
Wright. As printed by Nicolay and Hay (X, 99-100) the response is misdated 
"May 14," perhaps because the address to which Lincoln replied bore that date 
in the newspapers (Washington Morning Chronicle, May 19, 1864), and was 
followed by the undated text of Lincoln's response. The address from the Gen- 
eral Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, presented by a committee 
composed of Bishop Edward R. Ames, Reverend Joseph Cummings, Reverend 
Granville Moody, Reverend Charles Elliott, and Reverend George Peck, pointed 
to the Methodist record of loyalty to the Union and support of the administra- 
tion and pledged a continuation of prayers for the "preservation of our country 
undivided, for the triumph of our cause, and for a permanent peace, gained by 
the sacrifice of no moral principles, but founded on the Word of God, and se- 
curing, in righteousness, liberty and equal rights to all." 



To Richard Yates 1 

His Excy. Richd Yates Executive Mansion, 

Springfield Illinois Washington, May 18, 1864. 

If any such proclamation has appeared, it is a forgery. 

A LINCOLN 

i LS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 55. Yates telegraphed on 
May 18, 1864: "Is the proclamation in New York World purporting to be your 
recommendation for fasting & prayer with announcement of close of Virginia 
Campaign & call for four hundred thousand (400000) fresh troops a genuine 
document Please answer immediately." (DLC-RTL). See Lincoln to Dix, 
supra. 

To Andrew Johnson 1 

Office U.S. Military Telegraph, 

Hon. Andrew Johnson War Department, 

Nashville, Tenn. Washington, D.C., May 19 1864. 

Yours of the i/th. was received yesterday. Will write you on 
the subject within a day or two A. LINCOLN 

i ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 57. Governor Johnson's 
telegram of May 17 stated: "I am thoroughly satisfied that the amnesty will 

[351] 



MAY 1Q, 1864 

be serious detriment in organizing the State Govt & that Tenn should be made 
an exception so far as the army is concerned We have gained all the benefit 
that can result from it let all the pardons granted to Tennesseans be upon the 
applications of those deserving it, made directly to the President The influ- 
ence will be better & they will feel a much greater obligation to the Govt as it 
now operates its main tendency is to keep alive the Rebel spirit in fact recon- 
ciling none this is the opinion of every Real union man here" (DLC-RTL). If 
Lincoln wrote a letter "within a day or two," it is presumably not extant. 



Proclamation Revoking Recognition 
of Charles Hunt 1 

May 19, 1864 
Abraham Lincoln, 

President of the United States of America. 
To all whom it may concern: 

An Exequatur bearing date the third day of May, 1850, having 
been issued to Charles Hunt, a citizen of the United States, recog- 
nizing him as Consul of Belgium, for Saint Louis, Missouri, and 
declaring him free to exercise and enjoy such functions, powers, 
and privileges, as are allowed to the Consuls of the most favored 
nations in the United States; and the said Hunt having sought to 
screen himself from his military duty to his country in consequence 
of thus being invested with the Consular functions of a foreign 
power in the United States, it is deemed advisable that the said 
Charles Hunt should no longer be permitted to continue in the 
exercise of said functions, powers, and privileges: 

These are, therefore, to declare, that I no longer recognize the 
said Charles Hunt as Consul of Belgium for Saint Louis, Missouri, 
and will not permit him to exercise or enjoy any of the functions, 
powers or privileges allowed to Consuls of that Nation; and that I 
do hereby wholly revoke and annul the said Exequatur heretofore 
given, and do declare the same to be absolutely null and void, from 
this day forward. 

In testimony whereof, I have caused these letters to be made 
patent, and the Seal of the United States of America to be hereunto 
affixed. 

Given under my hand at Washington, this Nineteenth 
day of May, in the year of our Lord 1864, and the Inde- 
pendence of the United States of America the Eighty-eighth. 
By the President: ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State. 

IDS, DNA FS RG 11, Proclamations. 

[352] 



Endorsement Concerning William B. Slack 1 

Presented by Gov. Newell in behalf Major Slack for Commandant 
of Marine Corps. Gov. Newell recommends in highest terms. 
May 20, 1864. A. LINCOLN 

1 AES, DLC-RTL. Lincoln's endorsement is written on the application of 
Major William B. Slack for appointment as commandant of the Marine Corps 
to succeed Colonel John Harris, deceased May 12, 1864. Major Jacob Zeilin was 
appointed colonel and commandant on June 10, 1864. 



To Joseph Holt 1 

Judge Advocate General please examine & report upon this case. 
May 20. 1864. A. LINCOLN 

1 AES, IHi. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter from Commissary 
General W. W. Irwin, Pennsylvania Militia, Harrisburg, May 13, 1864, asking 
reinstatement of Captain George H. Smith, late commissary of subsistence in 
the U.S. Army, discharged March 23, 1864. Holt forwarded the record of Smith's 
dismissal and endorsed with recommendation that no further action be taken. 



To Alfred Mackay 1 

Alfred Mackay Executive Mansion, 

Sec. of Fair Washington, 

St. Louis, Mo. May 20, 1864. 

Your despatch received. Thanks for your greeting, and congratu- 
lations for the successful opening of your Fair. Our soldiers are do- 
ing well, and must, and will be well done by. A. LINCOLN 

i ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 59. Mackay telegraphed 
Lincoln on May 19: "The officers & executive committees of Ladies & Gentle- 
men of the fair greet you warmly & desire that your endeavors to suppress the 
rebellion will be crowned with success. Our fair has opened splendidly The 
Mississippi Valley will do her full share to aid the sick & wounded soldiers. God 
bless you" (DLC-RTL). 



Memorandum : 
Appointment of Josiah W. Morris 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Washington, May 20. 1864. 

To-day Mr. Thomas E. Morris of New- Jersey calls and asks that 
his son, Josiah W. Morris, born Aug. 17. 1844, be appointed a 
Cadet. He entered the Anderson Troupe, now 15th. Penn. Cavalry 

[353] 



MAY 2O, 1864 

in Sep. 1862, where he has remained and still is, and is one of 
the boys recommended by Gen. Rosecrans for West-Point 

i AD, DNA WR RG 94, U.S. Military Academy, 1864, No. 117. No appoint- 
ment of Josiah W. Morris has been discovered. 



Order Concerning Trade 1 

May 20, 1864 

No person engaged in trade, and proceeding in strict accordance 
with the published Regulations of the Treasury Department, upon 
that subject, and promulgated according to the Regulation num- 
bered LVI, and being the last on page 6, to the left opposite this., 
shall be hindered or delayed therein, by the Army or Navy, or any 
person or persons connected therewith. A. LINCOLN 

May 20, 1864 

1 AES, OClWHi; AES, DLC. In addition to the two copies extant, Lincoln 
may have written this order on other copies of the Treasury pamphlet Addi- 
tional Regulations Concerning Commercial Intercourse ivith and in States De- 
clared in Insurrection, January 26, 1864. The autograph endorsement is written 
on the bottom of the unnumbered inside back page of both copies, opposite the 
following regulation: "LVI. The foregoing Regulations, numbered LII, LIII, 
LIV, LV, shall take effect and be in force within the lines of the several mili- 
tary departments in the insurrectionary States, whenever the Generals com- 
manding said departments shall, respectively, under authority from the Presi- 
dent, and by proper orders promulgate the same." 

See also the orders of January 26 and February 2, supra. 



To Felix Schmedding 1 

Felix Schmedding Executive Mansion 

St. Louis, Mo. Washington, May 20. 1864 

The pleasure of attending your fair is not within my power. 

A. LIN-COUNT 

1 ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 58. Schmedding tele- 
graphed on May 19, 1864, "Will you attend our Fair" (DLC-RTL). 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War. Please provide for Dr. Winston going forward 
according to the within. A. LINCOLN 

May 20, 1864. 

1 Copy, DLC-RTL. The copy of this communication is written on Grant's 
telegram of May 19, 1864. See Lincoln to Grant, May 18, note, supra. 

[354] 



To Edward Bates 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Dear Sir. Washington, May 2ist. 1864. 

The Bill for Montana has passed, and I will thank you to have 
the applications for offices there, which are in your Department, 
briefed at once. Yours truly. A. LINCOLN 

Hon. Attorney General 

i LS, DNA GE RG 60, Papers of Attorney General, Segregated Lincoln Ma- 
terial. In addition to his signature, Lincoln also wrote "Hon. Attorney General." 
See the similar letter to Seward, infra. The "act to provide a temporary Gov- 
ernment for the Territory of Montana" as amended by the Senate was approved 
by Lincoln on May 26, 1864. The nominations from Bates' department were: 
Hezekiah L. Hosmer of New York, chief justice; Ammi Giddings of Connecticut, 
associate justice; Asa Bartlett of Illinois, associate justice; Lorenzo P. Williston 
of Dakota Territory, associate justice; Edward B. Neally of Iowa, U.S. attorney; 
Cornelius Buck of Minnesota, U.S. marshal. All were confirmed by the Senate 
on June 25, except Hosmer, who was confirmed on June 30. 



Endorsement Concerning Miss Gilbert 1 

May 21, 1864 

These are very excellent testimonials, & I shall be glad for this 
[woman] to get a place, if it can be [done] consistently with the 
service. A. LINCOLN 

May 21. 1864 

1 AES, ICHi. Lincoln's endorsement has been removed from the attendant 
papers, but is followed by an endorsement of General Joseph Hooker dated 
February i, 1865: "I fully concur with the within & recommend that employ- 
ment be given Miss Gilbert." Miss Gilbert has not been identified. 



To Gustavus V. Fox 1 

Capt. Fox, please see and hear the bearer, Mr. Sawyer. 

May 21, 1864. A. LINCOLN 

1 Tracy, p. 241. Mr. Sawyer has not been identified. 



To Oliver R Morton 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Gov. O. E Morton. Washington, May 21, 1864. 

The getting forward of hundred day troops to sustain Gen. Sher- 
man's lengthening lines promises much good. Please put your best 
efforts into the work. A. LINCOLN 

[355] 



MAY 21, 1864 

Same to Governor Yates Springfield. 

Stone Davenport. 
Lewis Madison. 

i ALS, RPB; D, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 61. The auto- 
graph original does not contain the notation appearing on the bottom of the 
copy filed in the volume of Presidential telegrams. Governor Morton replied 
the same day: "I started one Regiment of one hundred (100) day men yester- 
day, another today. Shall send one tomorrow, another on Monday, another on 
Tuesday, another on Wednesday, and another on Thursday. Am organizing and 
sending forward as rapidly as possible." (DLC-RTL). 

Governor James T. Lewis replied on May 24: "Your telegram of twenty first 
(ssist) inst reed I am doing all I can to forward hundred (100) day troops 
have two Regiments reported full they will be mustered and ready to leave 
as soon as arms are provided for them Two more Regiments are nearly full 
hope to be able to give you five Regiments very soon." (DLC-RTL) . 

No replies from Governor Richard Yates or Governor William M. Stone have 
been located. 

To Christiana A. Sack 1 

Office U.S. Military Telegraph, 

Christiana A, Sack War Department, 

Baltimore, Md. Washington, D.C., May 21 1864. 

I can not postpone the execution of a convicted spy, on a mere 
telegraphic despatch signed with a name I never heard before. Gen. 
Wallace may give you a pass to see him, if he chooses. 

A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 62. Christiana A. Sack 
telegraphed Lincoln on May 21: "My brother Henry Sack is sentenced to be 
hung on Monday next at Eastville in Genl Butlers Dept on charge of being a 
spy. I think I can prove that he is not a spy Please postpone the execution of 
the sentence & give me permission to see him" (DLC-RTL). The sentence of 
Henry Sack, citizen of C.S.A., convicted of acting as a spy and transgressing 
laws and customs of war, was commuted on May 24, 1864, to imprisonment at 
hard labor for duration of the war (DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate Gen- 
eral, MM 1448). See further Lincoln's telegrams to Joseph Roberts, May 23 
and 24, infra. 

To William H. Seward 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Dear Sir Washington, May 21., 1864. 

The Bill for Montana has passed, and I will thank you to have 
the applications for offices there, which are in your Department, 
briefed at once. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, DLC-RTL. Although cataloged in the Lincoln Papers as an ALS to 
Seward, this may be Lincoln's autograph draft of the communication he wished 
to send both Bates and Seward. See Lincoln to Bates, supra. On June 20, Lincoln 

[356] 



MAY 23, 1864 

nominated Sidney Edgerton of Idaho Territory to be governor and Henry P. 
Torsey of Maine to be secretary of Montana Territory. Both were confirmed by 
the Senate on June 22. 

To Stansbury 1 

War Department 

Mr Stansbury Washington City 

U.S. San Com May 21 1864 

Principal Musician John A Burke 14th U.S Infy has permission 
to accompany Capt W. R Smedburg 4th Infy. (wounded) to New 
York A. LiisrcoLisr 

* D, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 60. This telegram, includ- 
ing the signature, is not in Lincoln's handwriting. At the top of the telegram 
is written "Fredericksburg," presumably the location o the hospital in which 
Colonel William R. Smedburg was convalescing from wounds received in the 
Battle of the Wilderness. Stansbury has not been positively identified, but may 
have been E. A. Stansbury of New York City, 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

If the services of another Additional Pay-Master can be made use- 
ful, let this appointment be made. A. LINCOLN 
May 21. 1864 

1 AES, owned by Emanuel A. Gardiner, New York City. Lincoln's endorse- 
ment is written on a communication signed by members of the Pennsylvania 
Senate and House of Representatives, February 25, 1864, recommending ap- 
pointment of William H. Postlethwaite of Somerset County as paymaster. Stan- 
ton endorsed "File the foregoing application." No record of Postlethwaite' s ap- 
pointment has been found. 

To Joseph Holt 1 

Judge Advocate General please examine <& report on this case 
May 23. 1864 A. LINCOLN 

1 AES, DNA WR RG 153, Judge Advocate General, NN 1514- Lincoln's en- 
dorsement is written on the record of Fountain J. Brown, citizen of Arkansas, 
sentenced to five years' imprisonment for selling freedmen into slavery. Holt 
approved the sentence, and the application for pardon was denied. 

To Joseph Roberts 1 

United States Military Telegraph, 

To the Commanding Officer War Department, 

at Fort Monroe May 23. 1864 

Is a man named Henry Sack to be executed tomorrow at noon? 
If so, when was he condemned and for what offense? 

A. LINCOLN 

[357] 



MAY 23, 1864 

ID, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 63. The telegram was 
written and appears to have been signed by John Hay. See Lincoln to Christiana 
A. Sack, May 21, supra, and to Roberts, May 24, infra. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

May 23, 1864 

Understanding that Mr. John J. Chew, of Fredericksburg Va is 
now in arrest as a hostage for our wounded soldiers, carried by 
citizens from Fredericksburg into the rebel hands at Richmond, and 
understanding that Mr. Chew, so far from doing anything to make 
him responsible for that act, or which would induce the rebels to 
give one of our men for him, he actually ministered, to the extent 
of his ability, to the relief of our wounded in Fredericksburg, it is 
directed that said John J. Chew be discharged and allowed to re- 
turn to his home. 

1 Copy, DNA WR RG 107, Secretary of War, Letters Received, P 309, Reg- 
ister. The application for release of John J. Chew bearing Lincoln's endorsement 
is missing from the file, but a transcript of the endorsement is preserved in 
the register. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

May 23, 1864 

I am informed that Charles Case was nominated and confirmed as 
an Additional Pay-Master, but taking the Colonelcy of a Regiment, 
he never qualified. 

1 The Collector 9 November, 1950, No. D 2196. According to the source, this 
incomplete text is from an autograph letter signed, in which Lincoln further 
"directs that the place be given to William Williams of Warsaw, Ind." Wil- 
liams' appointment was confirmed by the Senate on June 30, 1864. Charles Case 
was colonel of the One Hundred Twenty-ninth Indiana Infantry. 

To Timothy R Andrews 1 

May 24, 1864 

I also know Major Holbrook to be a man of high character; and 
I therefore direct that he be allowed the thirty days to get the 
money. A. LINCOLN 

May 24, 1864 

1 AES, owned by C. Norton Owen, Chicago, Illinois. Lincoln's endorsement 
follows an endorsement by Senator Lyman Trumbull on a letter of Paymaster 
James C. Holbrook, Washington, May 24, 1864, explaining that he needed 
thirty-days' leave to raise $2,500 to cover a shortage in his accounts, occasioned 
by loss or theft while paying troops on Red River. 

[358] 



To John Brough 1 

Gov. Brough War Department Washington City, 

Columbus, O. May 24 1864 

Yours to Sec. of War asking for something cheering. We have 
nothing bad from any where. I have just seen a despatch of Grant, 
of 1 1 P.M. May 23, on the North Anna, and partly accross it, which 
ends as follows: "Every thing looks exceedingly favorable for us." 2 
We have nothing later from him. A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 65. Governor Brough 
telegraphed Stanton on May 24: "Have you anything cheering or consoling that 
you can give me, either confidentially or publicly, as to the position of army 
affairs? Are things working smoothly . . . . ? Do you still retain your perfect 
confidence in the result?" (OR, III, IV, 405). 

2 Grant to Halleck, 11 P.M., May 23, OR, I, XXXVI, III, 113-14. 



To the House of Representatives 1 

To the House of Representatives. May 24, 1864 

In answer to the Resolution of the House of Representatives of 

yesterday on the subject of the Joint Resolution of the 4th. of last 

month relative to Mexico, I transmit a Report from the Secretary 

of State to whom the Resolution was referred. 

Washington. 24th. May, 1864. ABRAHAM LINCOLTT 

i DS, DNA RG 233, House Executive Document No. 92. The resolution of 
the House, May 23, 1864, requested copies of "any explanations given by the 
government of the United States [to France] respecting the sense and bearing 
of the joint resolution relative to Mexico, which passed the House of Repre- 
sentatives unanimously on the 4th of April, 1864." Seward's report of May 24, 
1864, transmitted his correspondence with Minister William L. Dayton (April 
7 and 22, and May 2, 9, and 21, 1864) instructing Dayton to inform the 
French government that the joint resolution of April 4, 1864, expressing op- 
position to recognition of a monarchy in Mexico, would have to pass the Senate 
and be approved by the president, that it arose in the House and not with the 
executive, and that in event of any change in U.S. policy the French govern- 
ment would be duly notified. See Thirty-eighth Congress, First Session, House 
"Executive "Document No. 92. 



To Joseph Roberts 1 

Executive Mansion 

To the Commanding Officer at Washington B.C. 

Fort Monroe. Va May 24. 1864 

Let the execution of Henry Sack be suspended. I have commuted 
his sentence to imprisonment during the war. A. 

[359] 



MAY 24, 1864 

Major Eckert 

Please send this at once Yrs JOHN HAY Major & AAG 

1 LS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 64. See Lincoln's tele- 
grams to Roberts, May 23, and to Christiana A. Sack, May 21, supra. 



To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States: , May 24, 1864 

I recommend Lieutenant-Commander Francis A. Roe for ad- 
vancement in his grade five numbers, to take rank next after Lieu- 
tenant-Commander John H. Upshur, for distinguished conduct in 
battle in command of the U.S. steamer Sassacus in her attack on 
and attempt to run down the Rebel iron-clad ram Albermarle on 
the 5th of May, 1864. 

I also recommend that First Assistant Engineer James M. 
Hobby 2 be advanced thirty numbers in his grade for distinguished 
conduct in battle and extraordinary heroism, as mentioned in the 
report of Lieutenant- Commander Francis A. Roe, commanding the 
U.S. steamer Sassacus in her action with the Rebel ram Alber- 
marle on the 5th May, 1864. ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 
Washington, D.C., May 24, 1864. 

1 Executive Journal, XIII, 559. 

2 James M. Hobby had been badly scalded by steam from a broken boiler. 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

E. A. Paul. 

The Times I believe is always true to the Union, and therefore 
should be treated at least as well as any. A. LINCOLN 

May 24. 1864 

1 AES, DLC-RTL. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter from E. A. 
Paul, Times Bureau, Washington, D.C., May 23, 1864, enclosing a pass to the 
Army of the Potomac, May 21, 1864, which Stanton had refused to approve. 
Below Lincoln's endorsement Stanton endorsed: 

"Respectfully returned to the President. The Times is treated by this Depart- 
ment precisely as other papers are treated. No pass is granted by the Depart- 
ment to any paper except upon the permission of General Grant or General 
Meade. Repeated applications by Mr Forney and by other editors have been 
refused on the same ground as the Times until the correspondent is approved 
by the Commanding General. This is the regulation of all the armies and the 
Secretary of War declines to do for the Times what is not done for other pa- 
pers. EDWIN- M STANTON 

"May 24. 1864 Sec of War 

[360] 



MAY 25, 1864 

"P.S. Since writing the above I perceive a paper purporting to be a pass from 
[William W.] Beckwith which I have not before seen. It was shown to Col 
Hardie who refused to approve it on account of the condition [?] of the army & 
transportation. I think he did right & that as soon as it is known, where the army 
is a pass may be given if authorised by General Meade or Grant but not with- 
out their express or personal authority." 



To Isaac N. Arnold 1 

Hon. I. N. Arnold. Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir. Washington, May 25, 1864. 

In regard to the order of General Burnside suspending the Chi- 
cago Times now nearly a year ago, I can only say I was embarrassed 
with the question between what was due to the Military service on 
the one hand, and the Liberty of the Press on the other, and I be- 
lieve it was the despatch of Senator Trumbull and yourself, added 
to the proceedings of the meeting which it brought me, that turned 
the scale in favor of my revoking the order. I am far from certain 
to-day that the revocation was not right; and I am very sure the 
small part you took in it, is no just ground to disparage your judg- 
ment, much less to impugn your motives. I take it that your devo- 
tion to the Union and the Administration can not be questioned by 
any sincere man. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

1 ADfS, DLC-RTL. It would be logical to assume that this draft was used 
for Lincoln's reply to Arnold's letter of April 24, 1864, if it were not for the 
fact that Arnold published a somewhat different letter from Lincoln dated May 
27, infra. Arnold wrote Lincoln on April 24: 

"My friends . . . write to me, that in the canvass now going on in my dis- 
trict for Congress, the principal charges used against me, are: First that I am 
responsible for the revocation of the order of Genl. Burnside suppressing the 
Chicago Times, & that You are indifferent or more than indifferent about my 
re-election. ... I am desirous in case of your re-election (which for the sake 
of the country may God grant) of remaining in congress. . . . 

"If you would address a note . . . stating how far I was responsible for the 
Burnside order, & whether I had been a faithful friend, I am suie it would be 
discreetly used, would probably secure my election, & be ever gratefully re- 
membered. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 



To George G. Meade 1 

Major-General Meade, Executive Mansion, 

Army of Potomac: Washington, May 25, 1864. 

Mr. J. C. Swift wishes a pass from me to follow your army to 
pick up rags and cast-off clothing. I will give it to him if you say 
so, otherwise not. A. LINCOLIST. 

[361] 



MAY 25, 864 

i Tarbell (Appendix), p. 428. On March 4 and March 9, 1864, John C. Swift 
had written Lincoln offering to pay $200 per month to the Sanitary Com- 
mission for the exclusive privilege of picking up clothing cast off by Grant's 
army (DNA WR RG 107, Secretary of War, Letters Received, P 311 and P 134, 
Register notation. Both letters are missing from the file). No reply from 
Meade has been found. 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

May 25, 1864 

If it is true that Major Miller made payments under express 
orders o the Secretary of War; as a matter of equity, he, Major 
Miller, should not be made to lose the money; but the accounting 
office having settled the matter, I doubt both the legality and pro- 
priety of interference by the President. 

1 Copy, DNA WR RG 107, Secretary of War, Letters Received, P 318, Reg- 
ister notation. The letter of Major Morris S. Miller bearing Lincoln's endorse- 
ment is missing from the file, but the register preserves a transcript of Lincoln's 
endorsement as given above. Miller served as quartermaster at Washington, 
D.C., May, 1861 to September, 1864. 



To Edward Bates 1 

Hon. Attorney General Executive Mansion, 

Dear Sir: Washington, May 26. 1864. 

Please allow the Secretary of War to withdraw the record in the 
case of William Yokum, he to furnish you a transcript of it if you 
deem it necessary. Yours truly, A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, DNA GE RG 60, Papers of Attorney General, Segregated Lincoln 
Material. See Lincoln to Stanton, March 18, supra, and communication to the 
Senate, June 13, infra. 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War Executive Mansion, 

Dear Sir: Washington, May 26, 1864. 

Let Stephen C. Campbell, now held as a prisoner of War at 
Johnson's Island, 2 be discharged on taking the oath. This is a spe- 
cial case, and not a precedent, the man having voluntarily quitted 
the rebel service, and also being subject to fits. Yours truly 

A 



1 ALS, IHi. No reply or further reference has been discovered. 

2 "Point Lookout" as written by Lincoln is corrected to "Johnson's Island." 

[362] 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

I had these letters some days ago, but so far have not attended to 
them. Will the Sec. of War please look into them? A. LiNCOLisr 
May 26. 1864. 

i AES, DNA WR RG 107, Secretary of War, Letters Received, P 317. Lin- 
coln's endorsement is written on a letter from Governor Augustus W. Brad- 
ford of Maryland, enclosing a statement of Dr. Thomas K.. Carroll, Jr., of Dor- 
chester County, concerning impressment of Negroes by recruiting parties. James 
A. Hardie endorsed on May 29, calling for an investigation and report from 
General Lewis Wallace, in command at Baltimore. No further reference has 
been found. 



To Whom It May Concern 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Whom it may concern. Washington, May 26. 1864. 

I am again pressed with the claim of Mr. Marshall O. Roberts, 
for transportation of what was called the Naval Brigade from New- 
York to Fortress Monroe. This force was a special organization got 
up by one Bartlett, in pretended pursuance of written authority 
from me, but in fact, pursuing the authority in scarcely any thing 
whatever. The credit given him by Mr. Roberts, was given in the 
teeth of the express declaration that the government would not 
be responsible for the class of expences to which it belonged. After 
all some part of the transportation became useful to the govern- 
ment, and equitably should be paid for; but I have neither time 
or means to ascertain this equitable amount, or any appropriation 
to pay it with if ascertained. If the Quarter-Master at New- York 
can ascertain what would compensate for so much of the trans- 
port [at] ion as did result usefully to the government, it might be 
a step towards reaching justice. I write this from memory; but I 
believe it is substantially correct. A. LINCOLN. 

1 ALS, IHi. Concerning the "Naval Brigade," see Lincoln to Washington 
Bartlett, May 27, 1861, supra. 



To Isaac N. Arnold 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Hon. Isaac N. Arnold: Washington, May 27, 1864. 

My Dear Sir: I hear you are assailed for your action in regard 
to General Burnside's order suppressing the Chicago Times. All 

[363] 



MAY 27, 1864 

you did was to send me two dispatches. In the first you jointly with 
Senator Trumbull, very properly asked my serious and prompt 
consideration, for a petition of some of your constituents, praying 
for a revocation of the order. In the second you said you did not in 
the first dispatch intend to express an opinion that the order should 
be abrogated. This 2 is absolutely all that ever came to me from 
you on the subject. I am far from certain to-day that the resolu- 
tion [revocation] 8 was not right, and I am very sure the small part 
you took in it is no proper ground to disparage your judgment, 
much less to impugn your motives. 

Your devotion to the Union and the Administration cannot be 
questioned by any sincere man. Yours truly, 

ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 

1 Chicago Tribune, July 15, 1864. This letter is reproduced as printed in a 
report of Arnold's speech to a Republican mass meeting on July 14. In intro- 
ducing the letter Arnold spoke as follows: "General Burnside . . . issued an 
order for its [Chicago Times] suppression. That order was revoked by the Presi- 
dent. The President was petitioned by prominent and good citizens of Chicago 
to revoke the order. I was requested to join in such a petition. I refused. I was 
asked to transmit their message to the President. This I did, as I do for all 
petitions sent through me, asking for his prompt and careful consideration. 
Exactly what I did will appear from the following copy of a note addressed to 
me from the President on this subject: [text of letter as reproduced above]." 

Although the manuscript of Lincoln's letter, as quoted by Arnold, has not 
been found, it seems reasonable to accept the text as authentic, especially since 
a draft of the letter, in Arnold's autograph and written on Executive Mansion 
stationery, is preserved in the Lincoln Papers along with Arnold's letter to 
Lincoln dated April 24. The precise relationship of Lincoln's autograph draft 
of May 25, supra, to Arnold's draft of the present letter is not entirely clear. A 
reasonable assumption would be that Lincoln showed Arnold the draft of May 
25, that Arnold revised it to the more specific statement in Arnold's draft, and 
that Lincoln thereupon copied and signed the letter on May 27, according to 
Arnold's wishes. Variations in the Tribune text and Arnold's draft are indicated 
in succeeding footnotes. 

2 This sentence does not appear in Arnold's draft. 

3 "Revocation" in Arnold's draft is certainly correct. 

To Richard W. Thompson 1 

Hon. R. W. Thompson Executive Mansion, 

Terre Haute, la. Washington, May 27, 1864. 

Your letter in relation to Gen. Hunter and your son, just re- 
ceived. If Gen. Hu[nter] should ask to have your son on his staff, 
the requ[est] would be granted; but the General is now actively 
moving in the field, and is beyond telegraph. I doubt whether the 
promotion you think of is legally possible A LINCOLN 

i ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 66. Richard W. Thomp- 
son wrote Lincoln on May 21, 1864: "I find by telegram to day that Maj. Gen. 

[364] 



MAT 28, 1864 

Hunter has been assigned to the command of the District of Western Virginia. 
For more than a year my son, Capt R. W. Thompson, was on his staff, & the 
Genl has expressed a wish that he should be returned to him again when placed 
upon active duty. I presume he will ask his transfer from Commissary duties 
with the army of the Potomac. In that event I respectfully request that the 
transfer may be made. And if made I make the additional request that he be 
promoted. . . ." (DLC-RTL). No record has been found of the transfer of Cap- 
tain Richard W. Thompson, Jr. 



Reply to Delegation of Baptists 1 

May 28, 1864 

In the present very responsible position in which I am engaged, 
I have had great cause of gratitude for the support so unanimously 
given by all Christian denominations of the country. I have had 
occasion so frequently to respond to something like this assemblage, 
that I have said all that I had to say. This particular body is in all 
respects as respectable as any that have been presented to me. The 
resolutions I have merely heard read, and I therefore beg to be 
allowed an opportunity to make a short response in writing. 

1 New York Tribune, May 30, 1864. On May 28 a delegation representing the 
American Baptist Home Missionary Society presented a set of resolutions 
adopted "at the session recently held by them in Philadelphia. The resolutions 
indorse the course of President Lincoln, and express the warmest wishes for 
his welfare and the welfare of the country." (Ibid.). As printed by Nicolay and 
Hay (X, 101-102), Lincoln's reply is misdated "[May 14, 1864?]." For Lin- 
coln's formal reply see the communication to Ide, Doolittle, and Hubbell, May 
30, infra. 



To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States. May 28, 1864 

In reply to a Resolution of the Senate of the 25th. instant, relat- 
ing to Mexican Affairs I transmit a partial report from the Secre- 
tary of State of this date; with the papers therein mentioned. 
Washington, 28 May 1864. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

1 DS, DNA RG 46, Senate a8A F2. The documents transmitted may be found 
in Thirty-eighth Congress, First Session, Senate Executive Document No. 47. 



To Cornelius A. Walborn 1 

Hon. C. A. Walborn. Executive Mansion 

Philadelphia, Pa. Washington B.C. May 28. 1864 

Yours received. I have felt constrained to answer repeated invi- 
tations to attend the great Fair at your city, that I can not be pres- 

[365] 



MAY 2 8 5 1864 

ent at it's opening, and that whether I can during it's continuance 
must depend on circumstances. A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 67. Cornelius A. Wai- 
born, postmaster at Philadelphia, telegraphed on May 27, 1864: "The Hon 
John Welsh, Chairman of the Executive Committee of Great Central fair has 
requested me to ask if you have received his letter in relation to attending the 
fair an immediate answer will oblige the committee" (DLC-RTL). Welsh's 
telegram (not letter) of May 23, 1864, is also in the Lincoln Papers 



To Gideon Welles 1 

This introduces Hon. Mr. Ingersoll, successor to our lamented 
friend Lovejoy. Please see him. A. LINCOLN 

[May] 28, 1864 

1ALS, IHi. On May 7, 1864, Ebon C. Ingersoll of Peoria, Illinois, was 
elected to fill the vacancy caused by death of Representative Owen Love joy on 
March 25. The date of this note is partly burned off. 



To John H. Bryant 1 

Hon. John H Bryant Executive Mansion, 

My dear Sir. Washington, May 30, 1864. 

Yours of the 4th. Inst. inclosing a card of invitation to a prelim- 
inary meeting contemplating the erection of a Monument to the 
memory of Hon. Owen Lovejoy, was duly received. 

As you anticipate, it will be out of my power to attend. Many of 
you have known Mr. Lovejoy longer than I have, and are better 
able than I to do his memory complete justice. My personal ac- 
quaintance with him commenced only about ten years ago, since 
when it has been quite intimate; and every step in it has been one 
of increasing respect and esteem, ending, with his life, in no less 
than affection on my part. It can be truly said of him that while 
he was personally ambitious, he bravely endured the obscurity 
which the unpopularity of his principles imposed, and never ac- 
cepted official honors, until those honors were ready to admit his 
principles with him. Throughout my heavy, and perplexing re- 
sponsibilities here, to the day of his death, it would scarcely wrong 
any other to say, he was my most generous friend. Let him have 
the marble monument, along with the well-assured and more en- 
during one in the hearts of those who love liberty, unselfishly, for 
all men. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

1ALS-P, ISLA. On May 14, 1864, John H. Bryant of Princeton, Illinois, 
wrote Lincoln: "I enclose a card of invitation which will explain itself. It is 

[366] 



MAY 30, 1864 

not of course to be expected that one occupying the responsible station that you 
do ... can leave his post of duty to attend the meeting. . . . But knowing as 
I do the warm friendship that existed between yourself and Mr. Love joy 
I feel that we should not do justice to either our departed brother or the hon- 
ored President . . . did we not at least call your attention to the movement 
we are about to make in honor of our mutual friend. A letter approving our 
object with such remarks as you might be pleased to add, to be read at our 
meeting would be received with great satisfaction and would do much to fur- 
ther our plans. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 



To Arthur H. Button 1 

[Button] Executive Mansion 

[Old Point Comfort Va.] 2 Washington, May 30. 1864 

Col. Dutton is permitted to come from Fort-Monroe to Washing- 
ton. A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 68. Colonel Arthur H. 
Dutton of the Twenty-first Connecticut Infantry died June 5, 1864, of wounds 
received May 26 while on reconnaissance before Bermuda Hundred, Virginia. 

2 The bracketed address is in the handwriting of a clerk. 



Endorsement Concerning A. Barton Holcomb 1 

I wish to consider this case. A LINCOLN 
May 30. 1864. 

i AES, DNA WR RG 94, U.S. Military Academy, 1864, No. 227. Lincoln's 
endorsement it. written on a letter from General Burnside, May 26, 1864, rec- 
ommending A. Barton Holcomb, Third New York Cavalry, for appointment to 
West Point: "He . . . has been with me as personal orderly since June 
1862. . . ." There is no record of Holcomb's appointment. 



To Thomas H. Hicks 1 

This little gentleman has seen me, and now carries my respects 
back to his good father, Gov Hicks. A. LINCOLN 

May 30, 1864. 

i ALS, IHi. Thomas H. Hicks wrote from the Metropolitan Hotel, May 30, 

1864: 

"Will you allow my little boy (son) to see and shake hands with you before 
he leaves for Home at 3 oclock. he is quite anxious to see you. I shall be glad 
for my man to go with him as he is small. 

"I sit at yr door in carriage until I hear your determination, wish I could 
climb the stair way as formerly, and see yr Honor myself" (DLC-RTL). 

Hicks* foot had been amputated in 1863. Which of his several children called 
on Lincoln is uncertain, but only one son of Hicks' third wife has been identi- 
fied, B. Chapin Hicks. 

[367] 



To George B. Ide, James R. Doolittle, 
and A. Hubbell 1 



Rev. Dr. Ide 

Hon. J. R. Doolittle 

& Hon. A. Hubbell 



Executive Mansion, 

Committee Washington, 

May 30, 1864. 



In response to the preamble and resolutions of the American 
Baptist Home Mission Society, which you did me the honor to pre- 
sent, I can only thank you for thus adding to the effective and al- 
most unanamous support which the Christian communities are so 
zealously giving to the country, and to liberty. Indeed it is difficult 
to conceive how it could be otherwise with any one professing 
Christianity, or even having ordinary perceptions of right and 
wrong. To read in the Bible, as the word of God himself, that "In 
the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, ["] and to preach there- 
from that, "In the sweat of other mans faces shalt thou eat bread," 
to my mind can scarcely be reconciled with honest sincerity. When 
brought to my final reckoning, may I have to answer for robbing 
no man of his goods; yet more tolerable even this, than for robbing 
one of himself, and all that was his. When, a year or two ago, those 
professedly holy men of the South, met in the semblance of prayer 
and devotion, and, in the name of Him who said "As ye would all 
men should do unto you, do ye even so unto them" appealed to 
the Christian world to aid them in doing to a whole race of men, as 
they would have no man do unto themselves, to my thinking, they 
contemned and insulted God and His church, far more than did 
Satan when he tempted the Saviour with the Kingdoms of the 
earth. The devils attempt was no more false, and far less hypo- 
critical. But let me forbear, remembering it is also written "Judge 
not, lest ye be judged." 

1 ADf, DLC-RTL. See Lincoln's reply to a delegation of Baptists, May 28, 
supra. The preamble and resolutions to which Lincoln replied have not been 
discovered. Reverend George B. Ide was a prominent Baptist author and minister 
at Springfield, Massachusetts. "A. Hubbell" has not been identified. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

May 30, 1864 

On principle an officer who resigns should receive his pay until he 
receives notice that his resignation is accepted. Let this be done in 
this case, if the law will admit of it. 

1 Copy, DNA WR RG 107, Secretary of War, Letters Received, P 319, Reg- 
ister. The copy of this endorsement is preserved in a notation in the register 
which indicates that it was written on a letter from Austin A. King concerning 

[368] 



MAY 31, 1864 

the complaint of Thomas Allin on refunding pay. The letter bearing Lincoln's 
endorsement is missing from the file. The resignation of Captain Thomas Allin, 
commissary of subsistence, was accepted on May 31, 1864. 

Endorsement Concerning a Purported Forgery 1 

May 31, 1864 

I got the impression that a forgery was charged, but I can not say, 
nor do I think I have said, that it was distinctly charged, or that 
the gentlemen intended me to understand it as being charged. 
May 31. 1864. A. LINCOLN 

1 AES, DLC-RTL. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter from John H. 
Oliver and E. J. More, Washington, May 28, 1864: 

"The undersigned having this day transmitted to the Department of Internal 
Revenue a letter of Samuel McHose Esq, asking leave to recall his resignation 
of the office of Assessor of Internal Revenue for the Sixth District of Penna., 
beg leave to submit the following statement in reference to the charge of the 
forgery of a certain letter of Benjamin T Hagenbuch of date of March 13th. 

1863, on file in the office of Internal Revenue at Washington. 

"We are responsible for the genuineness of that letter and in justice to our- 
selves expect that you shall satisfy your own mind as to whether it is genuine 
or not, in order that our own character be vindicated, and that you may form a 
correct estimate of the value of statements made by persons alleging the for- 
gery. . . ." 

Although Lincoln had nominated Henry J. Saeger as successor to McHose on 
May 19, he withdrew the nomination on May 25. McHose' s resignation was 
eventually accepted, however, and Saeger was renominated on December 10, 

1864, and confirmed by the Senate on January 13, 1865. 

To Mrs. Field 1 

Executive Mansion, 
Mrs. Field Washington, May 31, 1864. 

Mr. Sedgwick informs me that you desire an autograph of mine, 
to finish a collection for the Sanitary Fair. It gives me great pleas- 
ure to comply with your request. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, PHi. Charles B. Sedgwick wrote Nicolay on May 31, 1864: "I en- 
close a note received by me from Mrs. Field of Phila. a daughter of the late 
Judge Peters. She desires as you will see an autograph of the President to be 
sold with others at their Fair which opens tomorrow. If the President will thus 
favor the ladies of Phila. please enclose to me & I will forward to Mrs. F." 
(DLC-RTL). Mrs. Field has not been further identified. The collection of au- 
tographs of the presidents had been donated to the Fair by F. J. Dreer. 

To James B. Fry 1 

Will the Provost Marshal please give the bearer, James Johnson 
and J. C. Lucas, both colored, a pass to visit Camp Casey? 

May 31, 1864 A. LINCOLN. 

i Copy, ISLA. 

[369] 



To Stephen A. Hurlbut 1 

Major Gen. Hurlbut Executive Mansion 

Belvidere, lUs. Washington, May 31, 1864 

You are hereby authorized to visit Washington and Baltimore 

A. LINCOLN 

1ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 69. See Lincoln to 
Hurlbut, May 2, supra. 

To the Senate 1 

To the Senate of the United States. May 31, 1864 

I transmit to the Senate, in answer to their Resolution of the 
28th instant, a report from the Secretary of State, with accompany- 
ing documents. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 
Washington, May sist. 1864. 

i DS, DNA RG 46, Senate a8A Fa. The resolution of May 28 called upoa 
the president to "inform the Senate . . . whether he has, and when, authorized 
a person alleged to have committed a crime against Spain or any of its de- 
pendencies to be delivered up to officers of that government, and whether such 
delivery was had, and if so, under what authority of law or of treaty it was 
done." 

Seward transmitted documents in the case of Jose* A. Argiielles, a Spanish 
officer in Cuba, who had seized a cargo of over 1,000 negroes landed on the 
coast from a slaver, and had received over $15,000 in prize money. Obtaining 
twenty days' leave to visit New York, he was discovered during his absence to 
have falsely reported the deaths of 141 of the negroes and sold them for him- 
self. No treaty of extradition between Spain and the United States then being 
in existence, Spanish officials requested that he be returned for trial. He was 
sent back to Havana and turned over to officials there. 

Seward's report of May 30 concludes: 

"There being no treaty of extradition between the United States and Spain, 
nor any act of Congress directing how fugitives from justice in Spanish domin- 
ions shall be delivered up, the extradition in the case referred to ... is under- 
stood by this department to have been made in virtue of the law of nations and 
the Constitution of the United States. 

"Although there is a conflict of authorities concerning the expediency of 
exercising comity towards a foreign government by surrendering, at its request, 
one of its own subjects charged with the commission of crime within its terri- 
tory . . . yet a nation is never bound to furnish asylum to dangerous criminals 
who are offenders against the human race. . . ." (Thirty-eighth Congress, First 
Session, Senate Executive Document No. 48). 

See further, Lincoln's communication to the Senate, June 18, infra. 

To WiUiam H. Seward 1 

Hon. Sec. of State Executive Mansion, 

Dear Sir Washington, May 31. 1864. 

The attached is an application for the Consul-Generalship at 
Montreal. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

[370] 



JUNE, 1864 




of Wisconsin received the appointment as consul general at Montreal to succeed 
Joshua R. Giddings, deceased May 27, 1864. 



List of Applicants for Montana Appointments 1 



[c. June, 1864] 



GOVERNOR OF MONTANA. 



William Cumback. 
R. T. Van Horn. 
Joseph C. McKilbin. 
James M. Clarke. 
Daniel E. Somes. 



la M. N. Wisewell. NJ. 

Mo. Charles H. Morgan. Nevada. 

Cal. Sidney Edgerton. Idaho. 

R.I. Jesse H. Leavenworth. 

Me. James L. Campbell. Idaho. 



Alexander Cummings. Perm. 



SECRETARY OF MONTANA. 



C. De Witt Smith. 
Silas W. Burr. 
James M. Campbell. 
Thomas J. Pickett. 
Ebenezer Moore. 
Clement W. Rice. 



Thomas J. Logan. 
A. Bartlett. 
Theodore J. Burnett. 
Dennis S. Sweany. 
Silas Woodson. 
George J. Parsons. 
Henry L. Jennings. 
H. Miles Moore. 
Eviend Brierer. 
Dolphus S. Paine 
William C. Rheim 
J. Warren Bell. 
J. K. Hoed. 



N Y. Elisha M. Wright. 

O. William F. Shaffer. 

Idaho. Henry W. De Puy. 

Ills. Samuel T. Hauser. 

Ills. Henry P. Torsey. 

Nevada. Ammi Giddings. 

Judgeships in Montana. 

Kan. William Hemingway. 

Ills. Henry O'Connor. 

N.Y. Lorenzo K. Haddock. 

Md. Thomas S. Briscoe. 

Mo. Moses B. Hopkins. 

Mich L. P. Williston. 

Minn. Hez. L. Hosmer. 

Kan. Stephen P. Twiss. 

Pa Leonard G. Hall. 

N. W. Davis. 

Charles McClure. 
Mo. Charles M. Runk. 

Ammi Giddings. 



DISTRICT ATTORNEY, f or Montana 



Edward B. Nealley, 
Robert Martin. 



Iowa. George C. Bates. 
Ohio. E. C. Gobin. 
Charles P. Leslie. N.Y. 

Marshall for Montana 

C. F. Buck. Minn. 

P. W. Norris. Ohio. 

[371] 



la. 
Colorado. 

Mont. 
Maine 
Conn. 
(Misplaced) 



Mich. 
Iowa. 

N.Y. 

Md. 

Mich. 

Dakota 

N.Y. Ashley. 

Mass. 

Mich 

N.Y. 

Minn. 

Penn. 

Conn. 



Ills. 
Pa. 



JUISTE, 1864 
Surveyor General 

Nathaniel P. Langford. Montana. 
Boyd. Mo. 

Nathan Shipley, Jr. Md. \ Something 

John Coons. Va J in Territories. 

i AD, DLC-RTL. This document is incorrectly assigned the date of April, 
1861, as cataloged in the Lincoln Papers. See memorandum, infra. 

Memorandum of Appointments 1 

[c. June, 1864] 

Consul at Montreal John F. Potter. Wis. 

T T A ^ i /"Joseph Holt 

Judge Advocate General. \ William McKee Dunn. la. 

Montana Governor. Sidney Edgerton. Idaho. 

" Secretary. Henry P. Torsey. Me. 

C. J. Hezikiah L. Hosmer. N.Y. 

" As. J. Ammi Giddings. Conn. 

As. J. Lorenzo P. Williston. Dakota. 

Vacancancy [c] in Idaho. Silas Woodson. Mo. 

Do " Dakota. A[sa]. Bartlett. Ills. 

Attorney. Edward B. Neally. Iowa. 

Marshal. C[ornelius]. F. Buck. Minn. 

Surveyor G. Marcus Boyd. Mo. 

*AD, DLC-RTL. This document is incorrectly assigned the date of April, 
1861, as cataloged in the Lincoln Papers, and bears a pencil notation, "Jan. 
1863 (?)." The men and the appointments listed were not, as a group, possible 
earlier than June, 1864. Hosmer, Giddings, Williston, Neally, and Buck were 
nominated to the Senate on June 15; Potter, Edgerton, Torsey, Woodson, Bart- 
lett, and Boyd, on June 20; Holt was reappointed, with Dunn as assistant judge 
advocate general, on June 22. Woodson replaced Edgerton as chief justice for 
Idaho, and Bartlett replaced Williston as associate justice for Dakota. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

[June, 1864?] 

Dear Sir: The hearer of this, William J. [B?] Post, a member of 
the i4Oth Pennsylvania Regiment, wants to go to his home in 
Washington, Pa. As you can see, he is nothing but a boy, has been 
sick in the hospital, but I believe he is made of the right kind of 
stuff. Please see to his release and that he gets transportation home. 

A. LINCOLN. 

i Hertz, II, 868. According to a note in the source, this undated letter was 
written in June, 1862. This date cannot be corroborated, however, and the con- 
tent of this letter is open to question. The roster of the One Hundred Fortieth 
Pennsylvania lists no William J. Post, but lists a William B. Post. The regiment 

[372] 



JTUJNTE 2, 1864 

was not organized until September 8, 1862. William B. Post's record shows him 
wounded at Spottsylvania Court House, May 12, 1864, and transferred to the 
Fifty-third Pennsylvania Regiment on May 30, 1865. 

To Jose M. Medina 1 

June i, 1864 
Abraham Lincoln, 

President of the United States of America, 
To His Excellency 

Sefior General Don Jose Maria Medina 

President of the Republic of Honduras 

Great and Good Friend: I have had the honor to receive your 
Excellency's letter of the 20 February, last, announcing your ele- 
vation by constitutional forms to the Presidency of the Republic 
of Honduras, and expressing your determination to maintain and 
extend the friendly relations which happily exist between our two 
countries. 

Accept, your Excellency, my congratulations upon this event, 
and be assured that on my part your friendly disposition and ef- 
forts will be warmly and cordially reciprocated. 

I sincerely pray the Almighty to give you a peaceful and success- 
ful administration and to grant to the people of Honduras pros- 
perity, and happiness; and so commending you to His safe and 
Holy keeping, I am your good friend, ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 

By the President: 

WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State. 
Washington, June i, 1864. 

1 Copy, DNA FS RG 59, Communications to Foreign Sovereigns and States, 
III, 219-20. 

Order for Parole of Charles H. Jonas 1 

June 2, 1864 

Allow Charles H. Jonas, now a prisoner of war at Johnson's 
Island, a parole of three weeks to visit his dying father, Abra[ha]m 
Jonas, at Quincy, 111. A. LINCOLN. 

June 2, 1864. 

1 Leslie J. Perry, "Appeals to Lincoln's Clemency," The Century Magazine, 
December, 1895, p. 254. Under date of June 2, 1864, Orville H. Browning's 
Diary records: "Went to the President and got Chas H Jonas, a rebel prisoner at 
Johnson's Island, paroled for three weeks to visit his father, who is dying." On 
June 10 Browning wrote: "I went to the Presidents and got his promise to ap- 
point Mrs Jonas Post Mistress at Quincy in place of her deed husband" (ibid.). 

[373] 



To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

If the Sec. of War, can find the legal authority and means to give 
the protection sought by the within, let it be done. 

June 2. 1864. A. LINCOLN 

1 AES, IHi. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a petition signed by Reverend 
Adam Wallace, presiding elder, Snow Hill District, Philadelphia Conference of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, and others, May 21, 1864, asking appointment 
of Captain Henry C. McCoy as military officer for Somerset County on the 
Eastern Shore of Maryland, where loyal ministers were being threatened and 
prevented from holding church services among Negroes. Below Lincoln's en- 
dorsement Stanton endorsed as follows: "It is the duty of the General com- 
manding the Department to offer a protection to loyal persons of whatever 
color or age against Disloyal, & secessionist and their aiders and abettors." No 
record of McCoy's appointment has been found. 

To Frederick A. Conkling and Others 1 

Hon. F. A. Conkling Executive Mansion, 

and others. Washington, June 3, 1864. 

Gentlemen: Your letter inviting me to be present at a mass 
meeting of loyal citizens to be held at New York on the 4th inst., 
for the purpose of expressing gratitude to Lieutenant General 
Grant for his signal services, was received yesterday. It is impos- 
sible for me to attend. I approve, nevertheless, whatever may tend 
to strengthen and sustain Gen. Grant and the noble armies now 
under his direction. My previous high estimate of Gen. Grant has 
been maintained and heightened by what has occurred in the re- 
markable campaign he is now conducting; while the magnitude 
and difficulty of the task before him does 2 not prove less than I ex- 
pected. He and his brave soldiers are now in the midst of their 
great trial, and I trust that at your meeting you will so shape 
your good words that they may turn to men and guns moving to 
his and their support. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

*LS, NHi; Df, DLC-RTL. The letter of May 31, 1864, signed by Conkling 
and nineteen other prominent New Yorkers is as follows: 

"The loyal citizens of New- York, without distinction of party, will convene 
in Mass Assemblage, on Union Square, on Saturday next, the Fourth of June, 
at 6 o'clock, P.M. to give an expression of their gratitude to Lieutenant General 
Grant, for his signal services in conducting the National armies to victory; to 
reaffirm their devotion to the sacred cause of the Union, and to pledge their 
united energies to the support of the Government for the complete suppression 
of the Rebellion. 

"Lieutenant-General Scott has been invited to preside. 

"The undersigned have been instructed to solicit the honor of your presence 
and influence on an occasion of so much interest to the Country." (DLC-RTL). 

2 The draft shows Lincoln's emendation of the remainder of this sentence to 
the present reading from "is not at all lessened in my view." Although Lincoln 
first wrote "does," the draft has been corrected to "do," apparently by Lincoln. 
The signed letter, however, reads "does." 

E374] 



To John A. Dix 1 

Major General Dix Executive Mansion, 

New- York. Washington, June 4. 1 864. 

Please inform me whether Charles H. Scott, of 8th. U.S. In- 
fantry is under sentence of death in your Department, & if so, 
when to be executed & what are the features of the case. 

A. LINCOLN 

i ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 70. No reply or further 
reference has been found. 



Endorsement Appointing Green C. Goodloe 1 

Let this re-appointment be made. A. LINCOLN 
June 4. 1864 

i AES, DNA WR RG 94, U.S. Military Academy, 1863, No. 76. Lincoln's 
endorsement is written on a copy of the joint resolution approved May 20, 1864, 
"that nothing in an act entitled An Act making appropriations for the support 
of the Military Academy . . . approved April first, eighteen hundred and sixty- 
four, shall be so construed as to prevent the re-appointment of Green Clay 
Goodloe. . . ." Representative Green Clay Smith enclosed the copy of the reso- 
lution with the following undated note: 

"The resolution is enclosed and I respectfully ask the President to act, as the 
first of June is close at hand when it must be done. 

"The President will remember that he & the scty. of War agreed with me, 
that young Goodloe should have been appointed, but for the law of April ist./ 
64. Therefore I succeeded in having this law passed to remove the difficulty." 

Green Clay Goodloe is listed at West Point in 1863, but not later. 

To William H. Seward 1 

Please file written I suppose by Gen. Cameron, though not signed. 
June 4. 1864. A. LINCOLN 

1 AES, DNA FS RG 59, Appointments, Box 383. Lincoln's endorsement is 
written on an unsigned letter dated at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, June 2, 1864, 
recommending appointment of P. Frazer Smith of Chester County, Pennsyl- 
vania, as consul general at Montreal to succeed Joshua R. Giddings, deceased. 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Hon. Sec. of War Executive Mansion, 

Dear Sir. Washington, June 4, 1864. 

When we shall next meet please try to remember to call up for 
conference the Hurtt case. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, NHi. No further reference has been found. Lincoln probably referred 
to Captain Francis W. Hurtt, assistant quartermaster, dismissed on June 17, 
1864. 

[375] 



To Salmon P. Chase 1 

I will try to call at your office at 3 P.M., to-day, June 6, 1864. 
Hon. Sec. of Treasury A. LINCOLN. 

1 Robert B. Warden, Account of the Private Life and Public Services of 
Salmon Portland Chase (1874), p. 600. According to Warden, Lincoln's note was 
penciled on a note from Chase in regard to business before congress. 

Endorsement 
Concerning Discharge of Volunteers 1 

The Secretary of War says this attempt, if successful, would reach 
forty thousand of the Army. A. LINCOLN 

June 6. 1864. 

1 AES, RTL. Lincoln's memorandum is written on a letter from Charles E. 
Sherman, attorney for men enlisted in the Fifteenth New York Volunteer Engi- 
neers, June 6, 1864, as follows: 

"If, from your Examination of the Evidence in favor of the discharge of the 
Recruits to fill up the 15th N.Y. Vol. Engineers, you are Enabled to inform me 
whether they will be presently discharged according to their contract of Enlist- 
ment, as interpreted to them by word & Certificate of honor, by all the Federal 
& State Officers at the time of their Enlistment ; or Even that they will be 
discharged in a short time, after their present duties are performed, in the 
Existing Crises, I shall be exceedingly obliged to you if you will do so, as I wish 
to leave the city tomorrow'. 

"On the i/th. inst., these men will have been illegally detained, one 
year. . . . 

"P.S. I am sure there is no other case like that of these men, & their number 
is but ab[o]ut 186 in all." 

The Fifteenth New York Engineers had been mustered on May 9, 1861, and 
men who enlisted in June, 1862, to fill the ranks thought they were enlisting 
for the unexpired portion of the three-year enlistment, which would have 
ended May 9, 1864. 

Endorsement 
Concerning Leonard Swett and Joseph Holt 1 

[June 6, 1864] 

Swett is unquestionably all right. Mr. Holt is a good man, but I had 
not heard or thought of him for V.P. Wish not to interfere about 
V.E Can not interfere about platform. Convention must judge for 
itself. 

1 AE, DLC-Nicolay Papers. Lincoln's endorsement is written on a letter of 
John G. Nicolay to John Hay, Eutaw House, Baltimore, June 5, 1864: 

"Arrived here safely find quite a number of delegates already in, but have 
not yet talked much with them. 

"One of the first men I met was B. C. Cook, who stands at the head of our 
Illinois delegation, and had quite a long and confidential talk with him. He 
told me he had thought of going to Washington tomorrow, but seeing me he 
concluded he could sufficiently post himself. 

[376] 



jrursrE 6, 1864 

"He premised by telling me that the milk-and-water Lincoln resolution which 
was first reported to the Illinois State Convention, was cooked up by a few plot- 
ters, to the utter surprise and astonishment of nine-tenths of the convention, 
and by only a part of the committee, and was with the others reported to the 
convention when there was but a small attendance, it being late at night, but 
that the convention very handsomely repudiated them, referred them to a new 
committee, which introduced and passed others of the right stripe. Cook does 
not seem to know thoroughly who were at the bottom of the matter. He thinks 
[Thomas J.] Turner was the chief manager. [Joseph] Medill is understood to 
have declared himself opposed to the resolution in committee but seems to have 
contented himself with the mere expression of his dissent, after which he went 
away without further active opposition. Strangely enough one or two men have 
told me that Wm A Grimshaw, either of his own volition or under the influence 
of others, was in the scheme. Jack [Jackson Grimshaw] on the contrary, Cook 
told me, was open and hearty for Lincoln. 

"Cook says there will be three or four disaffected members in the delegation 
from Illinois, but that nevertheless the delegation will vote and act as a unit, 
under the instructions of the convention and also the will of the large majority 
of the delegation. He says the delegation will in good faith do everything they 
can for Lincoln that is in arranging the Vice P, the Committees, Platform &c. 
taking his own nomination of course as beyond question. 

"What transpired at home, and what he has heard from several sources, have 
made Cook suspicious that Swett may be untrue to Lincoln. One of the straws 
which lead him to this belief is that Swett has telegraphed here urging the 
Illinois delegation to go for Holt for Vice President. 

"I told Cook that I thought Lincoln would not wish even to indicate a prefer- 
ence for V.P. as the rival candidates were all friendly to him. 

"There will be some little trouble in arranging the matter of the contested 
seats from Missouri. The Radicals seem to have the technical right to be ad- 
mitted. They threaten to withdraw from the convention if the conservatives 
are also admitted; but promise to abide the action of the convention if they 
(the Radicals) obtain the seats. Cook says they intimated to him that they 
would even promise to vote for Lincoln in the convention, for the promise of 
an admission to seats. 

"Whitelaw Reid is here and told me this evening that the Radicals conceded 
Lincoln's re-nomination, but their present game was to make a very radical 
platform. 

"Cook wants to know confidentially whether Swett is all right whether in 
urging Holt for V.R he reflects the Presidents wishes whether the President 
has any preference, either personally or on the score of policy or whether 
he wishes not even to interfere by a confidential indication. Also whether he 
thinks it would be good policy to give the Radical delegates from Missouri the 
seats, on their promising to vote for him. 

"Please get this information for me, if possible. Write and send your letter 
by express so that it will reach me by the earliest practicable hour on tomorrow 
(Monday). This will go to you by express by the 7 A.M. train tomorrow so that 
you ought to have it by ten A.M. 

"Address me at Eutaw House." 

In accord with Lincoln's instructions, Hay answered on June 6: 

"Yours of yesterday just received & read to the President. Swett is unques- 
tionably all right in regard to the President, but his presentation of Col. Holt's 
name is entirely of his own suggestion. He seemed not to have considered the 
bad effect of the contiguity of Illinois & Kentucky. . . . He has never even 
mentioned Col. Holt's name to the Prest. for the place. . . . 

"The President wishes not to interfere in the nomination even by a confiden- 
tial suggestion. He also declines suggesting anything in regard to platform or 
the organization of the Convention. . . . 

[377] 



JTU2STE 6, 864 

"Do not infer from what I have said above that the President objects to Swett 
presenting Col. Holt's name. He is, and intends to be absolutely impartial. . . ." 
(Tyler Dennett, ed., Lincoln and the Civil War in the Diaries and Letters of 
John Hay, p. 186). 

To George G. Meade 1 

Major General Meade Executive Mansion, 

Army of the Potomac. Washington, June 6, 1864. 

Private James McCarthy of the i4Oth. N.Y. Vols. is here tinder 
sentence to the Dry Tortugas for an attempt to desert. His friends 
appeal to me, and if his Colonel and you consent, I will send him 
to his regiment. 

Please answer. A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, IHi. On June 2, 1864, Joseph Henry wrote Lincoln as follows: "I beg 
leave to introduce to your attention my much esteemed friends Professor Hors- 
ford of Cambridge and Mr. Morgan of Rochester, who desire to place before 
you, a case of military discipline." (DLC-RTL). Professor Horsford was prob- 
ably Eben N. Horsford, professor of chemistry at Harvard University, and Mr. 
Morgan of Rochester was probably the famous anthropologist Lewis H, Morgan. 
For General Meade's reply see note to Lincoln's communication to Henry, 
June 10, infra. 

To Henry W. Slocum 1 

Executive Mansion, Washington, 
Major General Slocum June 6. 1864. 

My friend, Thomas A. Marshall, who will hand you this, in- 
forms me that he has some difficulty in managing a plantation in 
your Department. It may be that you withhold nothing from him 
which can safely be granted; and I do not make any order in the 
case; but simply wish to say I personally know, so far as such 
things can be known, that Mr. Marshall is loyal, truthful, and 
honorable; and that I shall be glad for him to be obliged in any 
not unreasonable way. Yours truly A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, CSmH. Thomas A. Marshall wrote Lincoln from Vicksburg, Missis- 
sippi, May 27, 1864: 

"Will you do me the favor to write a letter to Genl Slocum to the following 
effect. 
"Maj. Genl. H. W. Slocum 

"Sir Will you oblige me by granting to my friend T. A. Marshall such fa- 
cilities, as he may desire consistent with the public interest, in working the 
plantation he Las leased from the Treasury Agents, and in passing to & from 
the same, with supplies for it, & its products, his loyalty I will vouch for & that 
he will not in any way abuse such priviledges as you may grant him. 

**(& sign it) A. LINCOLN 

"The reason I ask this is because Genl Slocums orders have stopped all passing 
on the only road by which I can without great inconvenience get to the place. 
... I have been using this road all this Spring, & but for the expectation of 

[378] 



JTUINTE 8, 1864 

getting the use of it would not have leased the place. It leads no where but to 
my place. . . ." (DLC-RTL). 

To Edwin M. Stanton 1 

Secretary of War. [c. June 6, 1864?] 

Sir: Without an if or an and, let Colonel Elliott W. Bice be made 
a Brigadier-General in the United States Army. A. LINCOLN*. 

i NH, XI, 133. The text of this undated note, described in the source as "Card 
to Secretary of War," is dubious. On June 6, 1864, Lincoln nominated Colonel 
Elliott W. Bice, Seventh Iowa Volunteers, for appointment as brigadier general 
of Volunteers, and the Senate confirmed the appointment on June 20. No record 
has been found of Rice's appointment as brigadier general in the Regular Army, 
and it seems improbable that Lincoln -would have attempted to jump a colonel 
of Volunteers to brigadier general in the Regular Army. 

To William S. Rosecrans 1 

United States Military Telegraph, 

Major General Rosecrans War Department. 

St. Louis, Mo. Washington, June 7. 1864 

When your communication shall be ready send it by Express. 
There will be no danger of it's miscarriage. A. LINCOLN. 

i ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 71. General Rosecrans 
telegraphed Lincoln on June 2, 1864: 

"After hearing from Genl [James A.] Garfield I shall write you, but detailed 
information of high national importance, of a plot to overthrow the Govern- 
ment, which you should know, can not be entrusted to the mails. 

"To convey the facts to you, and avoid such an outrage on my messenger as 
was perpetrated on Major [Frank S.] Bond, I respectfully request an order from 
you to forward the documents by a Staff Officer." 

See further, Lincoln's communications to Rosecrans, June 8 and 10, infra. 

To William S. Rosecrans 1 

Cypher United States Military Telegraph, 

Major Gen. Rosecrans War Department. 

St. Louis, Mo. Washington June 8. 1864 

Yours of to-day received. I am unable to conceive how a message 
can be less safe by the Express than by a Staff -officer. If you send 
a verbal message, the messenger is one additional person let into 
the secret. A. LINCOLN 

1 ALS, DNA WR RG 107, Presidential Telegrams, I, 72. On June 8, Rosecrans 
replied to Lincoln's telegram of June 7, supra, as follows: "The nature of the 
information is too grave involving the interests of the country & the safety of 
individuals to admit of transacting the business through the express a sense 
of duty obliges me to refrain from so transmitting it." (DLC-RTL). See further, 
Lincoln to Rosecrans, June 10, infra. 

[379] 



To the Senate and House of Representatives 1 

To the Senate, and June 8, 1864 

House of Representatives 

I have the honor to submit, for the consideration of Congress, a 
letter and inclosure from the Secretary of War, with my conc